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No. 193, 07 October 1993
RUSSIA PRE-PUBLICATION CENSORSHIP LIFTED BUT RESTRICTIONS REMAIN. Yeltsin announced in his 6-October address that he was lifting censorship of the press prior to publication. He did not, however, remove the ban imposed on 4 October by the Ministry of Justice on a number of opposition publications. And Yurii Luchinsky, head of the State Office for the Media, told Russian television later in the evening of 6 October that "punitive" censorship remained in place for all publications. Defining this as "the use of effective measures against the mass media after the law [on the Mass Media] is violated," Luchinsky said the authorities were inviting but not compelling editors to consult on controversial matters. He warned that publications that, as long as a state of emergency remained in force, publications that broke the law could expect swifter punishment than in normal times. For example, in normal circcumstances a publication could not be shut down until it had received two warnings from his inspectorate, but during a state of emergency, one warning was sufficient to merit closure. Elizabeth Teague RUSSIAN CONSTITUTIONAL COURT CHAIRMAN RESIGNS. On 6 October, Valerii Zorkin submitted his resignation from the post of chairman of the Constitutional Court (CC), Western and Russian agencies reported. From early 1993 onwards, President Yeltsin's supporters have been accusing Zorkin of siding with the parliament against the president. Zorkin resigned after the head of the presidential administration, Sergei Filatov, had threatened that Zorkin be prosecutied "for having created the legal foundation for the putsch," should he refuse to resign voluntarily. There is no article in the Russian Criminal Code, making it a criminal offense to "set up a legal foundation" for anything. In accordance with the law on the CC, from now on it is to be chaired by Zorkin's deputy Nikolai Vitruk. Vera Tolz and Julia Wishnevsky YELTSIN WANTS NEW LOCAL ELECTIONS. President Yeltsin has proposed in his speech to the nation on 6 October broadast by Russian television to hold elections to local legislative bodies simultaneously with national parliamentary elections scheduled for 12 December. Yeltsin called for those local soviets which had sided with his opponents to dissolve themselves peacefully. He said that the system of soviets has outlived itself. The head of St. Petersburg's City Soviet Aleksandr Belyaev suggested that local parliamentary elections could be held simultaneously with presidential elections in June 1994. He also proposed to reduce the St. Petersburg Soviet to one sixth of its present size. It is widely expected that Yeltsin will issue a decree replacing the present soviets by elected assemblies or "dumas." Alexander Rahr DEMOCRATS PUBLISH ELECTORAL LIST. The democratic bloc "Russia's Choice" has issued its list of candidates for the elections to the State Duma, Izvestiya reported on 6 October. The 450 deputies of the State Duma will be elected on 11-12 December half from one-member constituencies and half from party lists by proportional representation. "Russia's Choice" list will be headed by First Deputy Prime Minister Egor Gaidar and followed by Deputy Prime Minister Anatolii Chubais, Information Minister Vladimir Shumeiko, member of the presidential apparatus Sergei Yushenkov, Deputy Prime Minister Sergei Shakhrai and deputy chief of the presidential apparatus Petr Filippov, respectively. Izvestiya quoted a spokesman of "Russia's Choice" as saying that the above mentioned politicians would be prepared to shift from the executive to the legislative to strengthen the latter. Alexander Rahr DEMOCRATIC ORGANIZATIONS SUGGEST FEDERATION COUNCIL NOT BE CONVENED. The Public Committee of Democratic Organizations (OKDOR) has suggested to Yeltsin that he should not convene the Federation Council, ITAR-TASS reported on 6 October. This decision was taken at an extraordinary session of the committee attended by the representatives of 53 public organizations. ODKOR proposed that, instead of turning the Federation Council with its ex officio membership into the upper chamber of the new parliament, the new upper chamber should be elected at the same time as the State Duma. In fact, it is difficult to see how Yeltsin could convene the Council of the Federation if the local soviets are to be disbanded since the council is supposed to consist of the heads of both the representative and executive branches in the regions and republics Ann Sheehy MILITARY DOCTRINE TO BE DISCUSSED. The new Russian military doctrine will be discussed and adopted at a Russian Security Council session scheduled for 15-October, according to an Izvestiya account of a council meeting on 6 October. The military will submit the doctrine to council members, and they have three days to submit comments. Yeltsin noted that no more delay in the adoption of the doctrine would be allowed. The doctrine was originally scheduled for approval in the spring of 1993, but it was repeatedly delayed, in part due to concerns that the Russian parliament would use it to criticize the Yeltsin administration. Now that the parliament has been dissolved, it appears that the security council has acquired the authority to approve the doctrine. John Lepingwell DISSATISFACTION WITH GRACHEV? KOMSOMOLSKAYA PRAVDA REPORTED ON 7 OCTOBER THAT HIGHLY PLACED SUPPORTERS OF BORIS YELTSIN IN THE PRESIDENTIAL APPARATUS HAVE ACCUSED RUSSIAN DEFENSE MINISTER PAVEL GRACHEV OF, AT THE LEAST, INCOMPETENCE IN HIS MANAGEMENT OF THE 4 OCTOBER ASSAULT ON THE "WHITE HOUSE." The Yeltsin aides were reported to have said that Grachev dragged his feet on involving army troops in the operation, and that it was in fact Deputy Defense Minister Konstantin Kobets who finally took command of the situation. The newspaper intimates that Grachev's appearance at the White House later in the day on 4 October was an attempt to mask his earlier indecision. The report is intriguing not only for what it suggests about the planning of the assault, but also because it raises the possibility that aides close to Boris Yeltsin are already trying to diminish the status of the man who many think now may be the second most powerful man in the Kremlin. Stephen Foye RUSSIA REQUESTS CFE REVISION. The Russian government has formally requested that the limits on flank deployments of weapons covered by the Conventional Forces in Europe (CFE) treaty be revised upwards. Russian military officials have previously made clear their objections to the limits, which conflict with plans to build up forces in the North Caucasus and Leningrad military districts. ITAR-TASS reported on 6 October that letters had been sent to the other signatories of the treaty outlining the request and that a Russian foreign ministry spokesman noted that revision was an "urgent" task. Reuters, AFP and other Western media noted, however, that most CFE signatories, particularly Turkey and Ukraine, strongly oppose any revision. John Lepingwell SPLIT WIDENS BETWEEN GOVERNMENT AND CENTRAL BANK. A government official has accused the Russian Central Bank (RCB) of continuing disobedience and unauthorized action. At the monthly news briefing by members of the Center for Economic Reform, reported by the Financial Times of 6 October, Andrei Illarionov, economic adviser to Prime Minister Viktor Chernomyrdin, said that although the RCB had been brought under government control by the presidential decree of 22 September, it had refused an order to remit its profits to the government. Furthermore, according to Illarionov, the RCB's announcement on 5 October that transactions in foreign currency would be declared invalid effective 1 January was not supported by the government and was impossible to implement. (Curiously, on 22 September President Yeltsin confirmed the retention of Viktor Gerashchenko as chairman of the RCB). Keith Bush FEDOROV AIMS FOR LOWER DEFICIT. In an interview on Russian television on 4 October, Minister of Finance Boris Fedorov expressed hope that the Russian state would be able to keep deficit spending within the 4.7 trillion rubles recently loaned from the Russian Central Bank for the last quarter of this year. At the end of the third quarter the Russian government reportedly put the state deficit at around 5 trillion rubles. The year-end deficit implied by Fedorov's comments--totaling under 10 trillion rubles--would be less than half the deficit envisaged in the draft budget passed by the parliament. It would also be less than the more austere 12.7 trillion ruble deficit the Ministry of Finance itself had been projecting earlier this fall, as reported by Nezavisimaya gazeta on 2 September. Erik Whitlock TRANSCAUCASIA AND CENTRAL ASIA JEWISH AUTONOMOUS OBLAST INSISTING ON OWN CONSTITUENCY. The head of administration and the chairman of the oblast soviet of the Jewish Autonomous Oblast are insisting that the oblast be able to elect its own deputy to the State Duma, ITAR-TASS reported on 6 October. The Coordination Council of the Democratic Parties of Russia for the Jewish Autonomous Oblast has also protested to the Central Electoral Commission that, on the grounds of population size, the oblast will not constitute a separate constituency. It seems likely that a number of other smaller territorial units will find themselves in this situation since, although the number of deputies has been increased to 450, only 300 (and possibly only 225) will be directly elected, the remaining seats going to federal-wide parties on a proportional basis. Ann Sheehy AZERBAIJAN PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS "UNDEMOCRATIC". According to the final results of the 3-October Azerbaijan presidential elections made public on 6 October, Geidar Aliev received 98.8 per cent of the vote; Zakir Tagiev and Kirar Abilov received 0.5 and 0.3 per cent respectively, Reuters reported quoting the chairman of the electoral commission. Observers from Helsinki Watch characterized the elections as undemocratic, given that major political parties did not field candidates and the mass media presented "biased propaganda" favoring Aliev, according to AFP quoting the Turan News Agency. Liz Fuller SETBACK FOR CSCE KARABAKH PEACE TALKS? THE ARMENIAN AMBASSADOR TO THE UN, ALEXANDER ARZOUMANIAN, TOLD RFE/RL ON 6 OCTOBER THAT THE ARMENIAN GOVERNMENT HAS ACCEPTED THE PROPOSED TIMETABLE FOR SETTLEMENT OF THE KARABAKH CONFLICT, BUT THE AZERBAIJANI CHARGE D'AFFAIRES, YASHAR ALIEV, SAID THAT AZERBAIJAN HAD REJECTED IT AS IT DOES NOT COVER THE WITHDRAWAL OF ARMENIAN FORCES FROM THE LACHIN CORRIDOR OR THE RETURN OF SOME ONE MILLION AZERBAIJANI REFUGEES TO THEIR HOMES. CSCE chief negotiator Mario Raffaelli has written to the UN Security Council suggesting the adoption of a new resolution on Nagorno-Karabakh calling for "the withdrawal from all recently and newly occupied territories" and for a more detailed timetable of measures for the implementation of UN Security Council resolutions 822 and 853, ITAR-TASS reported. Liz Fuller NEW PARTY IN KAZAKHSTAN. A new political organization calling itself the National-Democratic Party has held a founding conference in Almaty, KazTAG-TASS reported on 6 October. The new party, whose chairman is Kamal Ormantaev, former head of the moderate Kazakh nationalist Azat Movement, hopes to be multiethnic; most parties in Kazakhstan consist of only one nationality. The National-Democrats have adopted a "Green" orientation, presumably hoping to attract voters concerned about environmental problems. Bess Brown CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE FIGHTING CONTINUES BETWEEN RIVAL BOSNIAN MUSLIM FORCES. News agencies reported on 6 October that armed clashes went on between troops loyal to President Alija Izetbegovic and those supporting the breakaway leader of the Bihac pocket, businessman Fikret Abdic. The latter refused to meet with the UN commander in Bosnia and the head of Izetbegovic's forces, saying that he would only meet with Izetbegovic himself and in televised negotiations following the release of prisoners. Izetbegovic loyalists regard Abdic as a traitor who has sold out Muslim interests to his powerful contacts in Serbia and Croatia, while Abdic's supporters see him as the man who brought prosperity to the area in the 1980s and who has now helped spare the Cazinska Krajina from the horrors that have hit most of the rest of Bosnia. The UN is concerned that Abdic could set a precedent for other secessionist movements across the embattled republic, making a negotiated settlement even more difficult if not impossible. Prior to its occupation by Austria-Hungary in 1878, Bosnia had a long history of real power lying in the hands of regional warlords. Patrick Moore MAIN CROATIAN OPPOSITION PARTY LEAVES PARLIAMENT. Following several days in which the Croatian media were dominated by stories about the renewal of UNPROFOR's mandate and about Prime Minister Nikica Valentic's powerful austerity package, the 7-October Zagreb dailies pay close attention to the parliamentary walkout the previous day by three opposition parties. The Liberals (HSLS), who are the largest opposition grouping and who are running ahead of the ruling party (HDZ) in the polls, said they left because of the HDZ's refusal to deal with proposed legislation to promote freedom in the media by liberalizing radio and television laws. They were joined in solidarity by autonomist parties from Istria (IDS) and Dalmatia (DA). The IDS is the country's strongest regional grouping and has a running feud with President Franjo Tudjman and the HDZ, who favor a centralized state and regard Croatia's at least seven autonomist parties with strong suspicion. The DA recalled Tudjman's speech of 24 September, in which he effectively called the regional parties enemies of the state, and a mysterious explosion at the DA's headquarters in Split four days later. The DA's president also demanded an explanation for the arrest of seven DA leaders on 5 October. Polls in Dalmatia place the Liberals first, the DA second, and the HDZ third. It is not clear how long the walkout will last, but the Liberals and some other opposition parties have previously threatened to set up a shadow parliament in protest over what they call the autocratic methods of the dominant grouping. The HDZ is slated to hold its congress later this month, and many predict that the party will split, thereby forcing new elections. Patrick Moore CHARGES AGAINST DRASKOVIC DROPPED. Belgrade's Radio B92 citing Tanjug reports on 6 October that Belgrade's Public Prosecutors office has dropped criminal charges against SPO leader Vuk Draskovic. Draskovic had been charged for having obstructed and beaten a policemen while on duty. The trial was scheduled to begin on 25 October. No official explanation has given for the decision. Draskovic and his wife were arrested on 2 June shortly after violent anti-government demonstrations. The couple were severely beaten by police and detained for more than a month. After much international pressure, Serbia's President Slobodan Milosevic pardoned the couple on 9 July of all charges except the alleged attack on the policeman. Milan Andrejevich SERBIAN GOVERNMENT FACES NO CONFIDENCE VOTE. On 7 October, Serbia's 250 seat parliament will debate a motion of no confidence in Serbia's government proposed by the Serbian Radical Party last week. Nikola Sainovic's Socialist government has been blamed by the SRS for corruption and mismanagement. On 6 October, Zoran Arandjelovic, a Socialist and President of the parliament, described the Radical's proposal as "an act of destabilisation" and added the SRS is "obstructing parliament's work in order to worsen the situation in the country" and accused the SRS of total irresponsibility. The SRS, headed by Vojislav Seselj, regards itself as the strongest opposition party in parliament with 73 seats and the motion must be supported by 126 deputies. Arandjelovic said he did not feel the government had lost the deputies' confidence and remarked that any future government would be formed by the Socialists. Vuk Draskovic, the leader of the opposition Serbian Renewal Movement (SPO) and the third largest party in parliament, says that the current crisis can be resolved if a transitional government is formed with the aim of "halting inflation and lifting the sanctions." Democratic Party president Dragoljub Micunovic also said that the setting up of a transitional government is the only way to save Serbia and told the Belgrade daily Borba that if the government is overthrown, the holding of elections would not favor either the socialists, the opposition, or the people, and "that the most logical solution would be to review the proposal for forming a transitional government." Milan Andrejevich POLISH COALITION TALKS NEARING CONCLUSION? TRYING TO DISPEL THE IMPRESSION THAT TALKS ON THE FORMATION OF A GOVERNMENT ARE LEADING NOWHERE, LEADERS OF THE POSTCOMMUNIST DEMOCRATIC LEFT ALLIANCE (SLD) ANNOUNCED ON 6 OCTOBER THAT A DRAFT COALITION AGREEMENT WOULD BE PRESENTED TO ITS TWO PROSPECTIVE PARTNERS, THE POLISH PEASANT PARTY AND THE LABOR UNION (UP) , ON FRIDAY, 8 OCTOBER. Leaders of the three parties are expected to meet then with experts who have been hammering out the principles of a joint government program. Endorsement of this program, which will also include "names of people able to implement it," would be "a sign of political will to form a coalition" which could, predictably, come about on Tuesday, 12 October, after the different party executives meet, according to PAP reports. Five of the six expert groups have concluded negotiations; privatization appears to be the sticking point. The UP is insisting on major rethinking of the entire privatization process, including withdrawal from the concept of mass privatization of large state-owned enterprises through National Investment Funds. SLD experts argue that such a change of course at this stage would be irresponsible. It is unclear whether the differences over privatization are fundamental enough to prevent the formation of a governing coalition. Anna Sabbat-Swidlicka POLISH AND RUSSIAN MILITARY ATTACHES RECALLED. Russia has apparently expelled Poland's military attache in Moscow, General Roman Harmoza, in retaliation for the Poles' expulsion last week of Russia's military attache in Warsaw, Col. Vladimir Lomakin, according to a report in the 6 October issue of Gazeta Wyborcza. Officials on both sides have so far restricted themselves to confirming that the attaches have been recalled for consultation. Media sources speculate that Lomakin had been involved in espionage. Anna Sabbat-Swidlicka CZECH REPUBLIC SIGNS COOPERATION AGREEMENT WITH OECD. Deputy Foreign Minister Pavel Bratinka and Salvatore Zecchini, the Deputy Secretary General of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, signed an agreement on cooperation, CTK reports on 6 October. The agreement will enable the Czech Republic to participate in various projects of the organization that is comprised of the 24 richest nations in the world. Asked whether the Czech Republic differs from other post-communist states, Zecchini told journalists that the "high degree of motivation and the will of Czechs to carry out economic transformation despite temporary social problems" is unique. He also said that although the pace of economic reform in Slovakia is not comparable to that in the Czech Republic, the OECD has the intention to "contribute to its positive development." Jan Obrman CONTROVERSY OVER UNIVERSITY IN SLOVAKIA. On 2 October the City University was established in the east Slovak town of Kralovsky Chlmec, offering most courses in Hungarian language and requiring students to have a good knowledge of both Hungarian and Slovak. Critics in the Slovak parliament claimed the institution is merely a branch of the Economic University in Budapest and asked Deputy Premier Roman Kovac, who is also the acting education minister, to review the issue. On 6 October Kovac said the representatives of the university "did not ask for accreditation nor for placement in the educational system," thus the school's diplomas will be only "pieces of paper with no value." The issue will now be turned over to the Slovak court. Sharon Fisher WORLD FEDERATION OF HUNGARIANS TO HELP MINORITY MEDIA. Speaking at the first media conference of Hungarian journalists from neighboring countries on 6 October, Deputy Chairman of the World Federation of Hungarians Laszlo Dobos warned that ethnic Hungarian media are "withering away" and pledged quick professional and financial aid to assist them, MTI reports. Dobos announced plans to set up media and documentary archives as well as an independent news service. A foundation is also to be set up to provide financial support to ethnic Hungarian publishers, newspapers, and journalists. Edith Oltay HUNGARIAN MILITARY BRIEFS. Following a closed briefing of Hungary's parliamentary defense committee, Maj. Gen. Nandor Hollosi said he had proposed a joint handling of industry and army interests, with supplementary budgets to the military one of 2.5 billion forint each in the fields of vehicle manufacturing, telecommunications, and electronics to cover potential military orders. According to Defense Deputy State Secretary Sandor Turjan, the defense ministry's original request of 91.5 billion forint for the 1994 defense budget has been reduced to 66.5 billion (about $700 million), only 2 billion more than this year's budget, MTI reports. The first rail shipment of parts and engines for the 28 MiG-29 combat aircraft supplied by Russia to Hungary arrived on 6 October at the Hungarian-Ukrainian border; a second train is due to arrive in November and the shipments are to be completed in 1994. 16 of the 28 aircraft will be flown unarmed by Russian pilots to Kecskemet, Hungary in the second half of October, and the rest between 10 and 30 November. To supply the planes with the necessary Russian-made parts will cost Hungary 800 to 900 million forint a year, starting next year. Alfred Reisch ROMANIAN OFFICIAL ON PROSPECTS TO JOIN NATO. A Foreign Ministry spokesman reiterated on 6-October the Romanian official stance that no East European country has to ask permission from anyone else in seeking to join the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. But the spokesman, Mircea Geoana, said at a press conference that he believed NATO would not want to arouse Russian suspicions if the alliance's frontiers were to move closer to Russia. This stance had initially been formulated by a spokesman to Romania's President Ion Iliescu on 1 October in response to a recent letter addressed by Russian President Boris Yeltsin to leaders of NATO member states. Dan Ionescu ROMANIAN AUTHORITIES TO HELP THE POOR WITH HEATING. The Romanian cabinet approved on 6 October a draft law providing money to help the poor pay their heating bills from November through April. Radio Bucharest said that the aid would amount to between 4,000 and 5,000 lei a month lei for people earning as little as 17,000 to 25,000 lei monthly. The money will be raised by a new levy on travel abroad. Romanians will have to pay 5,000 lei for each trip abroad. The levy for local cross-border traffic will amount to 2,500 lei only. The bill is expected to be passed by Romania's Parliament in emergency procedures. Dan Ionescu UKRAINIAN DEPUTIES VOTE TO CREATE A PROFESSIONAL PARLIAMENT. On 7 October the Ukrainian parliament passed a law on the name, structure and size of the legislature. Establishing a professional unicameral parliament with 450 deputies elected for a four-year period, lawmakers decided to retain its present name of the "Verkhovna Rada," or Supreme Council. The deputies still have to decide on an electoral system and this issue is generating considerable debate. Since the election of the present parliament in 1990, parliamentary proceedings have been broadcast live by Ukrainian Radio and shown on television in the evenings. Bohdan Nahaylo UKRAINE TO REDUCE GAS AND ELECTRICITY THIS WINTER. The energy crisis has forced the Ukrainian government to place strict limits on electricity use in this year's fourth quarter, Reuters reported on 6 October. Half of the industries in Kiev have already been shut down because of inadequate gas, fuel and coal supplies, even though Ukraine is self-sufficient in coal. Last month the government took measures to reduce energy consumption by fining factories which used too much fuel and electricity, and cutting off supplies to customers who failed to pay their energy bills. The crisis has been prompted by Russia's moves to increase the price of its gas and oil to world prices. Ukraine's second supplier, Turkmenistan, also wants to be paid world prices for its gas even though it has an agreement with Ukraine allowing it a 40% discount. Ustina Markus SHUSHKEVICH MEETS WITH OPPOSITION. Following the events in Moscow, the Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of Belarus, Stanislau Shushkevich, met with representatives of the opposition party, the Belarusian Popular Front, to discuss convening an extraordinary session of parliament, ITAR-TASS reported on 6-October. According to opposition deputy Valentin Holubeu, deputies who endorsed the establishment of a "totalitarian regime" for Belarus during the crisis in Moscow should account for their views. Those who refuse to explain their behavior do not have the moral right to participate in the decision-making processes at the next session of the Supreme Soviet, due to meet on 9 November. Furthermore, the first item on the agenda of the next session should be the issue of forming a new coalition government, since the current one is not instituting a democratic process in the republic. Shushkevich did not exclude the possibility of convening such an extraordinary session, but deemed it could only take place if the appropriate documents are made ready. Ustina Markus BELARUS OPPOSITION LEADER ON RUSSIAN DEMOCRACY. In an interview on 6 October with the RFE/RL Belarusian service, Zyanon Paznyak, chairman of the Belarusian Popular Front since 1989, expressed strong doubts that Russia will ever be a democratic state. According to Paznyak, President Boris Yeltsin's letter last week calling on Western governments not to offer NATO membership to Poland, Hungary, and the Czech Republic, sufficed to call into question whether Russia can ever shed its imperial ambitions and undergo a democratic transformation. Commenting on this week's dramatic events in Moscow, the Belarusian opposition leader said that communist groups in Belarus posed a real threat of their own to the country's sovereignty and should be banned. He hoped that the Belarusian and Russian legal authorities would track down forty members of the hard-line Union of Officers of Belarus who reportedly went to Moscow to help Russian parliamentarians defend the White House. Kathy Mihalisko SCOPE OF "DNIESTER" INVOLVEMENT IN MOSCOW PUTSCH REVEALED. Commandos from the "Dniester republic" participated in the storming of Ostankino TV, ITAR-TASS, and Moscow City Hall on 3 October, Nezavisimaya Gazeta reported on 6 October. Several dozen Dniester fighters were accompanying the Supreme Soviet's alternate "ministers" of defense and interior, Vladislav Achalov and Andrei Dunaev, and were captured with them on 4 October, Russian TV reported on the 5 October. In mopping-up operations in Moscow on 5 October, special-purpose forces killed and captured some 30 fighters, "most of whom had fought on the Dniester and in Yugoslavia," Radio Rossii reported the same day. Some Dniester fighters reportedly went on to Yugoslavia after the cease-fire in Moldova last year. Vladimir Socor LATVIA BANS PRO-COMMUNIST ORGANIZATIONS. Diena reports that on 6 October the Latvian government banned 3 pro-communist organizations (Latvian Union of Communists, Union to Secure Veterans' Rights, and Latvian Association of Russian Citizens) for 22 acts of conspiracy. If the anti-Yeltsin forces in Moscow had been victorious, members of the OMON from Riga and the "Dniester republic" were reportedly planning to kidnap some Latvian leaders in the hope of trading them for former Latvian Communist Party first secretary Alfreds Rubiks, currently being tried for anti-Latvian activities. Saulius Girnius [As of 1200 CET] Compiled by Roman Solchanyk and Stan Markotich THE RFE/RL DAILY REPORT IS PRODUCED BY THE RFE/RL RESEARCH INSTITUTE (A DIVISION OF RADIO FREE EUROPE/RADIO LIBERTY, INC.) with the assistance of the RFE/RL News and Current Affairs Division (NCA). The report is available by electronic mail via LISTSERV (RFERL-L@UBVM.CC.BUFFALO.EDU), on the Sovset' computer bulletin board, by fax, and by postal mail. For inquiries about specific news items, subscriptions, or additional copies, please contact: in North America: Mr. Brian Reed, RFE/RL, Inc., 1201 Connecticut Avenue NW, Washington, DC-20036 Telephone: (202) 457-6912 or -6907; Fax: (202) 457-6992 or 828-8783; Internet: RIDC@RFERL.ORG or Elsewhere: Ms. Helga Hofer, Publications Department, RFE/RL Research Institute, Oettingenstrasse 67, 80538 Munich, Germany;.Telephone: (+49 89) 2102-2631 or -2624; Fax: (+49 89) 2102-2648, Internet: PD@RFERL.ORG 1993, RFE/RL, Inc. All rights reserved.RFE/RL Daily Report
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