|Some things have to be believed to be seen. - Ralph Hodgson|
No. 192, 06 October 1993
Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, Inc. RUSSIA CASUALTY FIGURES CLIMB, VARY. Initial reports of casualty figures appear to have been underestimates. Reuters on 5 October reported that 60 people were killed in the attack on the Ostankino TV studio, implying that a far fiercer battle took place than had originally been reported. Ostankino TV reported on the morning of 6 October that the Russian minister of health stated that 137 people had died and 549 were hospitalized during the last few days. Investigators are working in the White House and more bodies are expected to be found there. -John Lepingwell ORGANIZERS OF DISTURBANCES TO BE REPORTEDLY CHARGED WITH TREASON. According to the Western news agencies and RFE/RL correspondents in Moscow, former Vice President Aleksandr Rutskoi and parliamentary speaker Ruslan Khasbulatov, now in custody in Moscow's Lefortovo prison, will be charged with treason and armed insurrection. The charges could carry the death penalty. Several leaders of opposition groups, including Ilya Konstantinov of the National Salvation Front and Sergei Baburin of the hard-line "Rossiya" parliamentary faction, are also arrested and confined to Lefortovo, RFE/RL correspondents said on 5 October. -Vera Tolz MILITARY LEADERSHIP WAS RELUCTANT SUPPORTER OF YELTSIN. According to the Washington Post of 5 October, Russian military leaders were split over whether or not to support Boris Yeltsin during a crucial meeting of the Defense Ministry Collegium on the eve of the 4 October crackdown in Moscow. Their backing of the Russian president, it was said, was the result of two blunders by Vice President Aleksandr Rutskoi. The first was the appointment by Rutskoi in late September of Vladislav Achalov as "shadow" Russian Defense Minister, a move that angered Grachev and a military leadership whose greatest fear was that the army would split. Rutskoi's second mistake was said to have occurred on 3 October, when he urged an anti-Yeltsin mob to take the Russian Ostankino television facility. According to the same report, because of manpower shortages and the fact that many soldiers in the Moscow area were aiding in the harvest, the forces that were eventually used for the assault on the "White House" had to be cobbled together from a number of different divisions. -Stephen Foye ARMY FEELS IT DESERVES SPECIAL TREATMENT. In remarks reported by the Chicago Tribune on 6-October, the commander of Russian forces in Germany, Col. Gen. Matvei Burlakov, said that the army's participation in the assault on the parliament building was a limited action and should not be construed as a sign of unconditional loyalty to Yeltsin's program of reform. Burlakov reportedly expressed disdain for Aleksandr Rutskoi and Ruslan Khasbulatov, but insisted that the army feels that it deserves a restoration of the status it was accorded during the Cold War. Burlakov said that he was first summoned to Moscow for a "crisis meeting" on 23 September, and that the seniors generals present moved the meeting to a secret location out of fear that Rutskoi's paramilitary forces might attack. -Stephen Foye VLADIMIR SHUMEIKO APPOINTED NEW INFORMATION MINISTER. President Yeltsin issued a decree temporarily appointing Vladimir Shumeiko to the post of information minister, ITAR-TASS reported on 5-October. Shumeiko has been first deputy prime minister. The post of the information minister has been vacant for over a month following the resignation of Mikhail Fedotov. In subsequent interviews with the Russian press, Fedotov said he had resigned because of disagreements with the head of the Federal Information Center, Mikhail Poltoranin. -Vera Tolz PROSECUTOR GENERAL REPLACED. On 5 October, President Yeltsin dismissed the Russian Prosecutor General, Valentin Stepankov. Stepankov had supported Yeltsin during the crisis, but had previously been a leading investigator of corruption charges lodged against the Yeltsin government. On 6 October, ITAR-TASS reported that Aleksei Kazannik had been appointed to the position. Kazannik is a member of the Presidential Council and was previously an administration official in the Omsk oblast and a professor of law at Omsk University. He served as a USSR people's deputy from 1989 to 1992, and in 1989 surrendered his seat in the USSR Supreme Soviet to Boris Yeltsin, who had failed to win election by the Congress to that body. Kazannik is a specialist on environmental law and apparently has little or no experience in criminal law. -John Lepingwell and Elizabeth Teague TWO REGIONAL GOVERNORS DISMISSED. Reuters reported on 5 October that Yeltsin had fired the heads of administration in Novosibirsk and Amur Oblasts on the grounds they had opposed his decision to dissolve parliament. This is not the first time Yeltsin had crossed swords with the governor of Novosibirsk, Vitalii Mukha. Yeltsin tried to sack Mukha earlier this year, after Mukha tried to suspend the public auction of shares in state enterprises, but there was such a public outcry that Yeltsin had to apologize and allow Mukha to keep his job. During last week's siege of the White House, Novosibirsk's leaders offered to provide the Russian parliament with a temporary exile. After the 5 October closure of the Moscow city soviet and a number of Moscow district soviets (see RFE/RL Daily Report no.-191), there is much speculation that Yeltsin will soon order the closure of all local soviets. -Elizabeth Teague ZORKIN TOLD TO RETIRE. Yeltsin is within his rights in firing regional heads of administration whom he himself appointed, but firing the chairman of the Constitutional Court is another matter. Radio Liberty's Russian Service was informed by the Court's Press Center on 5 October that the presidential chief of staff, Sergei Filatov, had that morning telephoned Valerii Zorkin and told him that if he did not resign from his post he would face criminal charges of "providing the legal basis for the extremist activities" of former Vice President Aleksandr Rutskoi and parliamentary speaker Ruslan Khasbulatov. -Elizabeth Teague CENSORSHIP OF RUSSIAN MEDIA. A number of Moscow newspapers appeared on 5 and 6-October with blank spots instead of articles that had been withdrawn by censors. The chief editor of the newspaper Moskovskaya pravda complained that the new censorship seemed "purely political" and without military justification. Several TV programs were also banned on 5 October. -Vera Tolz YELTSIN PROMISES TO STOP CENSORSHIP. This crackdown on the media provoked a strong protest on the part of journalists and Russian intellectuals, including those supportive of Yeltsin. In response, on 6-October, Yeltsin's press secretary made a statement to the effect that none of Yeltsin's three decrees on the introduction of a state of emergency in Moscow stipulated the introduction of media censorship. The measures were introduced in the first few days "critical for the future of democracy," because the Russian law on the state of emergency permits such censorship. Kostikov assured journalists that in the morning of 6 October the president had ordered that any censorship of the media be stopped, ITAR-TASS reported. -Vera Tolz FEDERATION COUNCIL TO MEET END OCTOBER? IN PLACE OF THE CANCELLED MEETING OF THE FEDERATION COUNCIL ON 5 OCTOBER, PRIME MINISTER VIKTOR CHERNOMYRDIN MET WITH THE HEADS OF ADMINISTRATION OF THE REGIONS AND THE PRESIDENTS OF THE REPUBLICS, RADIO MAYAK REPORTED. According to Ingush President Ruslan Aushev, the meeting was devoted primarily to economic issues, but an announcement had also been made about the convening of the Federation Council, which would most likely take place at the end of November. -Ann Sheehy BANKS TOLD NOT TO DO BUSINESS WITH BANNED PARTIES. The Russian Central Bank, which is now subordinated to the president, has told commercial banks in Moscow to halt financial transactions with those political parties and newspapers that have been banned by the government for taking the side of the parliament in the recent struggle. The order was contained in a letter made public by the Central Bank, ITAR-TASS reported. It listed 17 organizations including the Russian Communist Party, National Salvation Front, "Pamyat," and "Shchit" (the independent trade union for members of the armed services); and 13 publications, including Pravda and Sovetskaya Rossiya. -Elizabeth Teague CIS NEW CHARGES OVER WARHEAD STORAGE. The Russian government has again criticized the storage of nuclear warheads at the Pervomaysk ICBM site. ITAR-TASS reported on 5-October that the number of warheads at the site was 6-8 times higher than the limit and that both temperature and radiation levels had increased as a result. A Russian foreign ministry spokesman said that the solution to the problem was to transfer the warheads to Russia. The Russian warnings apparently stem from the inspection conducted in mid-September at Ukrainian request. Ukrainian authorities subsequently claimed that there had been no increase in radiation levels and that the storage problem had been solved. -John Lepingwell TAJIKISTAN UPDATE. Kazakhstan's Foreign Minister Tuleutai Suleimenov, in New York to participate in the UN General Assembly, has asked the world body to formally recognize the CIS armed forces stationed in Tajikistan as a UN peacekeeping force, ITAR-TASS reported on 5 October. The CIS force in Tajikistan, charged with protecting the Tajik-Afghan border, consists of troops from Russia, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan. Suleimenov said that he spoke for all CIS states in appealing for UN recognition of the forces in Tajikistan. The same day ITAR-TASS reported from Dushanbe that 300 armed Tajik oppositionists had crossed the border from Afghanistan but had been stopped by Russian and Tajik forces; the commander of the Russian border troops in Tajikistan was unaware of the incident, but said that border troops had frightened off small groups of oppositionists who had tried to cross the Pyandzh River. -Bess Brown TRANSCAUCASIA AND CENTRAL ASIA GEORGIA/ABKHAZIA UPDATE. New clashes between Georgian government troops and forces loyal to ousted president Zviad Gamsakhurdia took place near the strategic rail junction of Samtredia on 5 October, AFP reported. In Tbilisi, Georgian parliament chairman Eduard Shevardnadze imposed a 2300-0600 curfew, and ordered the arrest of a number of Gamsakhurdia supporters, reportedly for violation of emergency laws, illegal possession of firearms, and sedition; he also closed down two pro-Gamsakhurdia publications, according to Iberia News Agency. In Geneva, UN-sponsored talks are due to begin on 6 October with an Abkhaz delegation on a political settlement of the Abkhaz crisis, Western agencies reported. -Liz Fuller KAZAKHSTAN REQUESTS FUNDS FOR DENUCLEARIZATION. An RFE/RL correspondent at the United Nations reported on 5 October that Kazakhstan's Foreign Minister, Touleutai Suleimenov, has requested $2-billion in aid for dismantling the nuclear weapons on its territory and cleaning up the Semipalatinsk nuclear test site. Unlike Ukraine, Kazakhstan has ratified the START-1 treaty, but has not yet acceded to the nuclear non-proliferation treaty (NPT), although President Nazarbayev recently assured US Ambassador-at-Large Strobe Talbot that it would do so in the near future. It is unclear whether the aid request will be explicitly or implictly linked to NPT accession. -John Lepingwell CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE IZETBEGOVIC'S TROOPS DEFECT TO ABDIC. A UN spokesman told news agencies on 4-October that about 2,500 men from the Bosnian army's Fifth Corps have gone over to the side of Bihac pocket leader Fikret Abdic. Fighting continued for the third day between the two rival Muslim forces, but observers said that Izetbegovic probably could not launch a successful offensive without seriously thinning out his lines opposite Serb or Croat positions elsewhere. The colorful Abdic remains adamant that the Bihac pocket, or Cazinska Krajina, with its history of good interethnic relations even during World War II, will reject "death in [Bosnian President] Alija [Izetbegovic's] tomb state." The northwestern Cazin region fears that Izetbegovic will sell out its interests for those of a unitary Muslim republic based around Sarajevo and in eastern Bosnia, and Abdic added that Izetbegovic wants the region to surrender "so that he could manipulate the 300,000 lives in the province the way he did with 200,000 [already] dead Muslims." Elsewhere in Bosnia, international media on 5 and 6-October point out the plight of some 150,000 trapped people, mainly Muslims, who are surrounded by Serbs in Maglaj and Tesanj to the south of Doboj. -Patrick Moore SANDZAK MUSLIM LEADER CALLS FOR UN INTERVENTION. The BBC's Serbian Service on 5 October said that Sandzak Muslim leader Sulejman Ugljanin told an audience in Istanbul that UN troops should go to that region, which is divided between Serbia and Montenegro, before its Muslims find themselves "in the same position as Bosnia's Muslims." Sandzak's Muslims make up just over half of the area's ethnically diverse population and have been subjected to pressure and ethnic cleansing by Serb paramilitary forces for over a year. Ugljanin said that he will not return there because Serbian authorities have put a warrant out for his arrest. Police staged a crackdown on Ugljanin's party last month and arrested several dozen activists in the region known to students of European history as the Sandzak of Novi Pazar. -Patrick Moore CROATS HAPPY, SERBS ANGRY WITH TERMS OF UNPROFOR MANDATE. Croatian politicians and the country's media continue to treat UN Security Council Resolution 871 of 4-October as "satisfying all Croatian demands," as President Franjo Tudjman said in a Vecernji list report of 6 October. Vjesnik quotes Foreign Minister Mate Granic as saying that the measure considerably raises Croatia's international diplomatic standing, while a poll of politicians in that same paper indicates general approval from several parties, although not without some partisan sour grapes from one opposition leader. Meanwhile, Serbian spokesmen slammed the resolution, the BBC's Serbian Service reports. Rump Yugoslav Foreign Minister Vladislav Jovanovic and his Krajina counterpart Slobodan Jarcevic both attacked the measure, which the latter man said overlooks the claim "that the [self-proclaimed] Serb Republic of Krajina is a state." Borba of 6 October, finally, quotes Krajina leader Goran Hadzic as adding that the resolution really adds "nothing new" and that "a total war [between Serbs and Croats] has never been closer." Patrick Moore POLISH GOVERNMENT FORMS CRISIS TEAMS. At its regular weekly meeting on 5 October Hanna Suchocka's caretaker government debated Poland's security situation in the light of the Russian crisis. A special crisis team was formed, under the chairmanship of Deputy Premier Henryk Goryszewski, to monitor developments in Russia. Its members include the ministers of defense and internal affairs, and the heads of the Council of Ministers Office, the Central Planning Office, the National Security Bureau and the State Security Office. An inter-ministerial working group analyzing the effects of the crisis on the Polish economy was also set up, PAP reported. -Anna Sabbat-Swidlicka WALESA ASSESSES SITUATION AFTER ELECTIONS. In a televised address to the nation on 5 October President Lech Walesa said that people should not over-dramatize the results of the recent parliamentary elections because they were a victory for democracy. He pointed out that the victory of the left was only relative because the options of one-third of the electorate would not be represented in parliament, and promised to keep in mind that a balance of forces was essential to democratic rule. He would not allow the achievements of the past four years to be destroyed and would be on the look out to ensure that both the winners and the losers keep within the bounds of the law. He pledged to defend Polish foreign policy objectives: membership in NATO and the EC and friendly relations with all neighbors. Walesa expressed concern that political consultations "behind closed doors" on the formation of a government were too protracted. Indeed, PAP reported on 5 October that differences have emerged in talks between economic experts of the potential left-wing coalition partners, and that a conclusion is not expected before Friday. -Anna Sabbat-Swidlicka POLISH BROADCASTING COUNCIL ISSUES FIRST LICENSES. The National Broadcasting Council issued the first licenses for radio and television broadcasting to private broadcasters, PAP reported on 5 October. The first 10-year license to broadcast information programs nationwide was granted to Polsat, a satellite TV station which has been broadcasting from Holland for 8-10 hours a day. It is owned by Piotr Zygmunt Solorz. Wieslaw Walendziak is director of programming. -Anna Sabbat-Swidlicka SLOVAK PARLIAMENT TO INVESTIGATE "INDIAGATE." On 5 October the Slovak parliament voted to establish a parliamentary commission to examine the "Indiagate" affair, TASR reports. In a press conference following Premier Vladimir Meciar's return from Luxembourg, he said he will not comment on the scandal, which is based on "absolute lies." He also said he is not opposed to setting up the commission, since it will only discover that "the transactions took place according to valid law." The scandal, which was reported by the Slovak daily Sme on 28 September, implicated several top government officials in a fraud involving $22-million. On 29 September the paper said it did not check its sources before printing the story, but several opposition parties have since recommended an investigation of the affair. -Sharon Fisher HUNGARIAN GOVERNMENT REITERATES SUPPORT FOR YELTSIN. Hungarian State Secretary for Foreign Affairs Janos Martonyi told the Russian ambassador in Budapest on 4-October that Alexander Rutskoi and Ruslan Khasbulatov bear the responsibility for the eruption of the bloody clashes in Moscow. Martonyi said that President Boris Yeltsin had no choice but to suppress the Moscow revolt. Martonyi also said that Yeltsin embodied the continuation of the democratic reform process and pledged his government's continuing support for the Russian president. This was reported to MTI by Hungarian Foreign Ministry spokesman Janos Hermann on 5 October. -Edith Oltay ROMANIAN PRESIDENT, CABINET ON RUSSIAN DEVELOPMENTS. In a cable sent to Boris Yeltsin on 5-October, Romania's President Ion Iliescu praised the swift victory of democratic forces and the resolute manner in which Yeltsin had acted "in coping with that attempt to stop the natural course of democratization" in Russia. Iliescu also deplored the loss of human lives and material damage caused by the armed revolt in Moscow. He further expressed hopes that Yeltsin could hold early elections as promised to bring about stability and economic recovery in Russia. In a statement broadcast by Radio Bucharest on the same day, the Romanian cabinet reiterated its support for Yeltsin's struggle "to overcome the [current] political and constitutional crisis in the Russian Federation." -Dan Ionescu BLACK SEA MEETING OPENS IN BUCHAREST. A two-day conference of Black Sea states seeking closer economic cooperation in the region opened in Bucharest on 5 October. The meeting was the first staged by the Black Sea Parliamentary Assembly's Committee for Economic, Trade, Technology and Environment Cooperation. The Black Sea cooperation process, which had been initiated by the late Turkish President Turgut Ozal three years ago, has been joined by eleven states-Bulgaria, Greece, Turkey, Romania, Russia, Ukraine, Armenia, Georgia, Azerbaidjan, Moldova and Albania. However Russia, Georgia and Azerbaidjan were notably absent from the Bucharest conference because of domestic troubles. Radio Bucharest reported that Romanian Chamber of Deputies Chairman Adrian Nastase and Turkish Parliament Chairman Husamettin Cinboruk praised efforts to intensify cooperation between the countries of the Black Sea zone. The ultimate goal of the project is to create a new barrier-free regional economic group similar to the European Community. -Dan Ionescu BULGARIA'S PRESIDENT WARNS THAT SANCTIONS COULD HAMPER DEMOCRACY. On 5 October, President Zhelyu Zhelev once again stressed that the UN sanctions imposed against rump Yugoslavia could hinder Bulgaria's economic development. Speaking before the UN General Assembly, Zhelev remarked that last year Bulgaria lost $943 million as a direct result of the sanctions, and said he expected that this year's losses would total much higher. According to an RFE/RL correspondent, Zhelev said that the strain placed on the Bulgarian economy by the UN embargo against rump Yugoslavia could result in social stability and democracy being threatened in Bulgaria. Stan Markotich UKRAINIAN SECURITY FEARS REEMPHASIZED IN CONNECTION WITH EVENTS IN MOSCOW. On 5-October, at the weekly press briefing at the Ukrainian Foreign Ministry, spokesman Yurii Sergeev expressed the hope that the defeat in Moscow of the hard-line opposition forces will end what he called the "the chauvinistic, pro-imperial policy of Russia toward Ukraine." Had "the Khasbulatovs and Rutskois" won, he said, Ukraine would have been faced with the "direct danger of Russian interference in our internal affairs and territorial claims." The political conflict in Moscow, Sergeev added, should also turn Europe's attention to Ukraine's various proposals concerning the need for a new system of security in Eastern Europe. Commenting on Sergeev's statements, Ukrainian Radio noted, however, that it would be "illusory" to think that Ukraine's relations with Russia will now automatically improve. It pointed out that President Yelstin's advisors include people like Adranik Migranyan who, it alleged, have "blatantly chauvinistic" attitudes and that Russia's position on East European membership of NATO indicates that it wants Ukraine and its neighbors to be part of its sphere of influence -Bohdan Nahaylo UKRAINIAN GOVERNMENT APPOINTMENTS. The Ukrainian parliament has endorsed four cabinet members for its new government, an RFE/RL correspondent reported on 6 October. All four had held the same posts in the previous cabinet. They included: the Minister of Internal Affairs, Andrii Vasylyshyn; the Minister of Finance, Hryhorii Pyatachenko; the Chairman of the State Border Guard Committee, Valerii Hubenko; and the Chairman of the State Security Service, Yevhenii Marchuk. A nominee for the post of Minister of Defense is expected to be submitted on 7 October, following the resignation of Konstantin Morozov as defense minister on 4 October. Last week President Leonid Kravchuk took over the office of Prime Minister in addition to his presidential duties. -Ustina Markus MOLDOVAN PARTIES ON RELATIONS WITH RUSSIA. On 4 and 5 October, Moldovan political parties issued statements supporting Yeltsin's victory over the rebels but at the same time reminding official Russia of what Moldova sees as support for those same reactionary forces in Moldova and other newly independent states. The Congress of the Moldovan Intelligentsia said that "having failed to stand up to Russian chauvinism on the periphery of the former Soviet empire, Russia's leadership now came to face the same antidemocratic forces in its own home," Basapress reported. According to Radio Chisinau, the Social-Democrat Party which controls President Mircea Snegur's group of advisers, said that the Moscow rebellion is "just one more link in a bloody chain which passed through Tbilisi, Baku, Vilnius, Riga, Dniester, Tajikistan, Abkhazia, and has now reached Moscow. If those claiming to be democrats fail to understand this process, we can not speak of a real victory of Russian democracy." The Democratic Labor Party leadership said, according to ITAR-TASS, that "[the rebellion's instigators] Baburin, Rutskoi, Makashov, and the reactionary part of the Russian Supreme Soviet, violated all international norms, under the false slogan of 'defending the Russians' by means of the 'Dniester republic,' [and] in practice created a bridgehead in Moldova for the restoration of the Soviet empire. They never hid their hatred for Russian democracy. The active participation of Tiraspol fighters in the Moscow rebellion was a logical consequence." -Vladimir Socor LEBED LICENSED TO RUN OWN SHOW? PURSUANT TO A DECREE SIGNED BY RUSSIAN PRESIDENT BORIS YELTSIN, MEDALS OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION WERE AWARDED TO APPROXIMATELY 200-SERVICEMEN OF RUSSIA'S 14TH ARMY, AT A CEREMONY ATTENDED BY THE ARMY'S COMMANDER, LT.-Gen. Aleksandr Lebed, and by "Dniester republic" leaders, Basapress reported from Tiraspol on 2 October. The medals were awarded, some posthumously, for outstanding performance during military missions. Most recipients had taken part in last year's operations against Moldova. Basapress further noted, and Moldovan Defense Ministry officials confirmed to the RFE/RL Research Institute, that Lebed turned down an offer from Aleksandr Rutskoi and Ruslan Khasbulatov to be appointed "Defense Minister" by the Russian Supreme Soviet. However, in a statement on 3 October, reported by Basapress, Lebed urged the presidential side and the Supreme Soviet to revoke all their respective decrees issued since 21-September and to agree to the holding of simultaneous presidential and parliamentary elections-a position closer to that of the Supreme Soviet than to Yeltsin's. -Vladimir Socor ESTONIA CANCELS LOCAL ELECTIONS IN PALDISKI. On 5 October the Estonian government decided that local elections would not be held in Paldiski on 17 October because not a single candidate had registered by the deadline, BNS reports. In addition, Russian and police authorities in the city have not handed over the registry and police files, making it difficult if not impossible to determine who are legal residents entitled to vote. The term of the current Paldiski council ends in October and Prime Minister Mart Laar has not yet decided how the city will be governed, but a likely option is appointing a special government representative. -Saulius Girnius ESTONIAN-RUSSIAN AGREEMENT ON REPATRIATS. In Tallinn on 5 October Estonian Migration Department head Andres Kollist and Russian Federal Migration Committee head Tatyana Regent signed an agreement to assist people resettling across each country's borders, BNS reports. Re-migrants are allowed to sell their property in their former homeland and take their movable property to the new one, which will guarantee assistance in finding a job and a place to live. In 1992 24,800 people migrated from Estonia to Russia and it is estimated that 15-20,000 will do so this year. The agreement has yet to be ratified by the respective parliaments. Lacking a current parliament, Russia intends to develop a mechanism to implement the agreement before the new elections in December. -Saulius Girnius LITHUANIAN REBEL VOLUNTEER LEADER SURRENDERS. On 30 September Lt. Jonas Maksvytis, who led the Volunteer Home Guard Service in Kaunas in an insurrection during the month of September, voluntarily surrendered to the police, BNS reported on 1-October. He gave up his personal weapons, a machine gun and two pistols, to the Kaunas prosecutor's office that released him after he pledged not to leave the city. The charges against Maksvytis do not stem from the insurrection, but are related to his involvement in a June shooting incident in Kaunas between a group of criminals and the police. -Saulius Girnius [As of 1200 CET] Compiled by Roman Solchanyk and Stan Markotich THE RFE/RL DAILY REPORT IS PRODUCED BY THE RFE/RL RESEARCH INSTITUTE (A DIVISION OF RADIO FREE EUROPE/RADIO LIBERTY, INC.) with the assistance of the RFE/RL News and Current Affairs Division (NCA). The report is available by electronic mail via LISTSERV (RFERL-L@UBVM.CC.BUFFALO.EDU), on the Sovset' computer bulletin board, by fax, and by postal mail. For inquiries about specific news items, subscriptions, or additional copies, please contact: in North America: Mr. Brian Reed, RFE/RL, Inc., 1201 Connecticut Avenue NW, Washington, DC-20036 Telephone: (202) 457-6912 or -6907; Fax: (202) 457-6992 or 828-8783; Internet: RIDC@RFERL.ORG or Elsewhere: Ms. Helga Hofer, Publications Department, RFE/RL Research Institute, Oettingenstrasse 67, 80538 Munich, Germany;.Telephone: (+49 89) 2102-2631 or -2624; Fax: (+49 89) 2102-2648, Internet: PD@RFERL.ORG 1993, RFE/RL, Inc. All rights reserved.RFE/RL Daily Report
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