|Experience is in the fingers and head. The heart is inexperienced. - Henry David Thoreau|
No. 183, 23 September 1993
Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, Inc. RUSSIA DETAILS OF YELTSIN DECREE. In his decree "On Gradual Constitutional Reform," carried by ITAR-TASS on 21 September, President Boris Yeltsin ordered that in the interim period before elections to a new parliament (the Federal Assembly) the country is to be ruled by presidential and government decree. The deputies' powers are to be suspended, except for those of the members of the parliamentary Constitutional Commission, who may continue to sit on that commission "as experts." In addition, the powers of Russian deputies to the CIS Interparliamentary Assembly, which is chaired by parliamentary speaker Ruslan Khasbulatov, are to be confirmed by Yeltsin. In the interim period before the new parliament's first session, the Russian Central Bank and the Procuracy are to be subordinated to the president, and the Constitutional Court is urged not to hold sittings. -Wendy Slater CONGRESS OF PEOPLE'S DEPUTIES AWAITING QUORUM. Deputies to Russia's "superparliament," the Congress of People's Deputies, are registering at the Russian White House for the emergency session summoned by Khasbulatov. Khasbulatov says that the session can open as soon as a quorum of 689 deputies has been reached, but as of midday Moscow time only 600-were said to have arrived and the quorum had not been reached. The Supreme Soviet was in session; ITAR-TASS in its reporting was openly contemptuous, saying Khasbulatov had begun to repeat himself; some deputies were said to have suggested going out to schools and military academies to muster support. -Elizabeth Teague YELTSIN CONTROLS NUCLEAR BUTTON, ARMY. President Yeltsin indicated that Russia's nuclear weapons remain safely under his control, Russian TV reported on 22 September. The Russian Atomic Energy Ministry also issued a statement saying that the political crisis has in no way endangered the country's energy and defensive nuclear facilities, ITAR-TASS reported that day. First Deputy Prime Minister Vladimir Shumeiko told journalists that Yeltsin had ordered heightened security guard at nuclear weapon sites and nuclear power stations. The Chief of the General Staff of the Russian Armed Forces, General Mikhail Kolesnikov, told ITAR-TASS on 22 September that he would not accept orders from anyone except Yeltsin and Defense Minister Pavel Grachev. -Alexander Rahr YELTSIN WINS BATTLE OVER CENTRAL BANK . . . On the morning of 22 September, the Supreme Soviet passed a decree aimed at confirming its control over the Russian Central Bank (RCB), an RFE/RL correspondent reported. This sought to counter the provision of the 21-September presidential decree stipulating that the RCB was to be governed by presidential decrees and government resolutions. Later the same day, the government issued a decree ordering the RCB to control parliament's expenditures in line with instructions from the Finance Ministry, ITAR-TASS reported. -Keith Bush . . . AND BUDGET. The government decree of late 22-September further ordered the Finance Ministry and local financial bodies to implement the annual budget indicators set out in the presidential instruction of 12-August. The Finance Ministry was instructed to revise its projections of the budgets for the entire year and for the last quarter to take inflation into account and to make provisions for paying off arrears in salaries to servicemen and to workers in the social-cultural sphere. Implicitly, the decree instructed financial organizations to ignore the highly inflationary draft budgets passed by parliament in its prolonged "battle of the budget" with the government. The last draft budget approved by parliament would have resulted in a deficit equivalent to 25% of GDP, while the government version claimed to hold this down to about 10% of GDP. -Keith Bush MINISTRY OF SECURITY SUPPORTS YELTSIN. The Ministry of Security signaled its support by announcing that it had received special directives from the Office of President and that they would be "fulfilled unconditionally," Minister of Security Nikolai Golushko told "Rossiya" Television news on 22 September. Golushko said he had spoken with the heads of the central and regional administrations of his ministry and that they expressed full support for Yeltsin's measures. Golushko said his forces would prevent "any cases of violent actions on the part of illegal military formations." At the same time, Golushko said that his ministry would permit "no infringement of Russia's constitutional order"-an ambiguous statement that both sides may seek to use to their advantage. -Victor Yasmann GRACHEV SAYS ARMY IS CALM. Defense Minister Pavel Grachev has assured Yeltsin of the loyalty of the armed forces, ITAR-TASS reported on 22 September. Grachev was said to have met with the country's military leadership who told him it would support Yeltsin and would not obey the parliament. Grachev was quoted as calling Vladislav Achalov, who was appointed defense minister by rival-President Aleksandr Rutskoi, an "extremist" who was responsible for past bloodshed in Georgia, the Baltic States and during the August 1991 coup. Grachev revealed that had Achalov ordered Moscow troops to come immediately to the Russian parliament building with their weapons; Grachev said military leaders were outraged at the parliament's behavior. -Alexander Rahr REGIONAL REACTIONS SEEN AS CRUCIAL. A key role in the confrontation will be played by the provinces. Presidential chief of staff Sergei Filatov claimed on 21 September that Russia's republics and regions had reacted relatively positively to Yeltsin's decree, but on 22-September Vice President Rutskoi and parliamentary speaker Khasbulatov claimed quite the opposite. ITAR-TASS quoted Rutskoi's spokesman as saying 10 regional soviets have so far met to discuss Yeltsin's decree and seven of them had voted to oppose it. He did not identify the regions. Khasbulatov said that "more than 20-regions" had already spoken out against Yeltsin's decree and "expressed support for the constitutional system." On 22-September, Prime Minister Chernomyrdin met with representatives of regional executive bodies; he claimed that they were supporting Yeltsin and the central government. Talking to Moscow residents on 22-September, President Yeltsin also said that "many representatives" of Russia's regions supported him. (Regional executive bodies have tended in the past to side with President Yeltsin, whereas local soviets on the whole have been more supportive of Khasbulatov and the Supreme Soviet in Moscow.) -Vera Tolz SUPPORT FOR YELTSIN FROM CHECHNYA. Dzhokhar Dudaev, the president of the Chechen republic, which proclaimed independence from Russia in 1991, issued a statement on 22 September saying Yeltsin could count on him for support. AFP quoted the Chechen president as condemning the Russian parliament for voting to impeach Yeltsin; he said parliament's actions would lead to chaos. Dudaev himself has this year been involved in a power struggle with the Chechen parliament which is somewhat reminiscent of the struggle between Yeltsin and the Russian legislature. (In addition, Rutskoi was widely believed to have been behind the abortive military intervention made by the federal Russian authorities in Chechnya in the fall of 1991.) -Vera Tolz RUSSIAN REPUBLICS REACT TO YELTSIN'S DECREE. According to Ekho Moskvy on 22-September, while the leaders of the republics of Adigeya, Komi, and Chuvashia have come out in support of Yeltsin's decree, the leadership of Mordovia has condemned it. The head of the Bashkortostan parliament Ildar Shayakhmetov told RFE/RL on 22 September that the Bashkortostan parliament would discuss the decree on 23 September, and he was sure it would take the side of the Russian parliament. Tatarstan vice-president Vasilii Likhachev, who is acting as president in the president's absence on vacation, preferred not to take sides when he spoke to journalists in Kazan on 22 September, ITAR-TASS reported. Udmurtia's parliament decided on 22 September that in future all decisions taken by the federal organs of power would only be valid after confirmation by the local parliament, Russian television reported. According to the Chicago Tribune of 23 September, at least some regional leaders, instead of taking sides, have decided to convene a meeting of their own at the weekend. -Ann Sheehy CIS CIS SUMMIT TO GO AHEAD. The CIS summit scheduled for 24 September is to go ahead despite developments in Moscow. Yeltsin confirmed this during his walkabout on 22-September, Reuters reported. The main item on the agenda will be the possible signing of an agreement creating a CIS economic union. According to ITAR-TASS on 22 September, "reliable sources close to the Russian government" expect that the agreement will be signed by all the CIS countries except Turkmenistan, which will join as an associate member. At the end of the debate in the Ukrainian parliament on Ukraine's joining the economic union, however, Ukrainian president Leonid Kravchuk said that Ukraine can participate in any agreements but only as an associate member, otherwise the Ukrainian constitution would have to be changed, ITAR-TASS reported. -Ann Sheehy UKRAINE DEBATES CIS SUMMIT PARTICIPATION. The Ukrainian parliament has agreed, after a long debate, that President Leonid Kravchuk should attend the forthcoming CIS summit meeting in Moscow, Ukrinform reported on 22 September. Several speakers said Ukraine should not join the envisioned Economic Union because of the political turmoil in Russia, but representatives of the eastern regions of Ukraine urged Kravchuk to sign the agreement. The question whether Ukraine will join the Economic Union was postponed. Kravchuk did not exclude, however, the possibility that he would sign the agreement in Moscow and leave it to parliament to decide later whether or not it would approve the move. Kravchuk said that he could not rule out the possibility that Russia might try to put fresh pressure on Ukraine but added that, "those who have quarreled with Russia have lost." -Alexander Rahr RUSSIAN-UKRAINIAN CONFLICT OVER BLACK SEA FLEET. The Russian commander of the Black Sea Fleet, Admiral Eduard Baltin, has accused Ukraine of exploiting the political turmoil in Moscow to take over units of the fleet and has threatened to put the fleet on alert as a countermeasure, according to ITAR-TASS on 22 September. He said three sailors were wounded when a platoon of Ukrainian infantry attacked a shore defense-tank regiment. The Ukrainian Defense Ministry accused Russian sailors of staging a number of attacks on Ukrainian sailors. Some deputies in the Ukrainian parliament called upon the government to increase Ukraine's military preparedness in case of civil war in Russia and strengthen the borders with Russia. -Alexander Rahr KHASBULATOV TO LOSE CIS ROLE. Under point 9 of Yeltsin's decree of 21 September, Russian deputies will only be able to take part in the work of the CIS Interparliamentary Assembly (IPA) with Yeltsin's approval. Clearly, Khasbulatov will no longer be allowed to head the Russian delegation. Khasbulatov, who was elected the first chairman of the Council of the IPA-his term of office should end this month-has been very active in this capacity. His latest initiative was to propose the election of a CIS parliament-a proposal already rejected by the Belarusian parliamentary head, Stanislau Shushkevich. The press center of the IPA told ITAR-TASS on 22 September that the consultative meeting of the heads of CIS parliaments, scheduled for 25 September, was in doubt. -Ann Sheehy TRANSCAUCASIA AND CENTRAL ASIA ABKHAZ SHOOT DOWN ANOTHER GEORGIAN AIRCRAFT. A second Georgian civilian aircraft burst into flames on landing at Sukhumi on 22 September after being hit by a heat-seeking missile; some 20 of the 81-passengers and crew managed to escape, Western agencies reported. The situation in Sukhumi is unclear; Abkhaz spokesmen claim fighting is continuing, while Georgian sources claim to have driven the Abkhaz back. -Liz Fuller ARMENIAN, AZERBAIJANI REACTIONS TO RUSSIAN EVENTS . . . Commenting on events in Moscow, Armenian Presidential press secretary Aram Abramyan told ITAR-TASS on 22-September that Armenia continues to believe that the adoption of a new Russian constitution by means of a referendum would be the best solution to the current crisis. An Azerbaijani diplomat told Radio Liberty that Yeltsin's actions are a Russian internal matter, and that the Azerbaijani government needs time to assess them. -Liz Fuller . . . AND CENTRAL ASIAN REACTION. Tajik head of state Imomali Rakhmonov told the Russian ambassador in Tajikistan that the country's leadership supports Boris Yeltsin's democratic reforms and hopes that the crisis in Russia can be solved constitutionally, ITAR-TASS reported on 22 September. Officials in Kyrgyzstan told Radio Liberty that President Askar Akaev supports Yeltsin but the leadership is uneasy over events in Russia; Tursunbek Akhunov, head of Kyrgyzstan's influential Human Rights Movement, assessed the actions of both Yeltsin and the Russian legislature as being illegal, but said that Kyrgyz democrats consider Yeltsin's position to be closer to their own. The press office of Turkmen President Saparmurad Niyazov told ITAR-TASS that no reaction would be issued because Turkmenistan does not interfere in the affairs of other states. -Bess Brown CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE BALTIC LEADERS ON RUSSIAN CRISIS. On 22 September Baltic Presidents Guntis Ulmanis (Latvia), Lennart Meri (Estonia), and Algirdas Brazauskas (Lithuania) issued a joint statement expressing their concern about recent developments in Russia, Radio Lithuania reports. Although declaring they have no intention of interfering into the internal affairs of another country, the presidents stated that they "very much hope that the peoples of the Russian Federation will be able to solve their current problems in a peaceful democratic way." While the Estonian Foreign Ministry said it hoped that the international community would "strengthen its support for the early, orderly, and complete withdrawal of Russian forces from the Baltic States," Ulmanis, after a telephone conversation with Yeltsin, said he was pleased that the Northwest Group of Forces had issued a decree not to obey any commands to join "popular movements" and to ignore provocations. Unlike the other Balts, Brazauskas also issued a statement expressing specific support for Yeltsin, noting that Russia would hopefully "take a decisive step toward joining the family of democratic nations" after new elections. -Saulius Girnius BELARUS, UKRAINE, MOLDOVA SUPPORT YELTSIN. Belarus parliament Chairman Stanislau Shushkevich came out in full support of Yeltsin's 21 September decree. In a statement released on 22 September by Shushkevich's office, the chairman congratulated Yeltsin and wished him "success and courage for the benefit of Russia," RFE/RL's Minsk correspondent reported. Ukraine's reaction was also supportive of Yeltsin, but officials tended to view the matter as an internal affair concerning Russia. Ukrainian Foreign Minister Anatolii Zlenko backed Yeltsin's move, pointed out it was "not entirely democratic," but also expressed the view that there was no other way out of the Russian crisis. A different note was sounded by Dmytro Pavlychko, chairman of the Ukrainian parliament's foreign affairs committee, who said his country would have to start thinking seriously about strengthening its borders with Russia, Reuters reported. In Moldova, Mircea Snegur cabled Yeltsin that his country "supports [Yeltsin's] steps to overcome this political crisis which is most dangerous both to Russia and to the republics of the ex-Soviet space." Snegur also wrote he "supports unreservedly [Yeltsin's] effort to accelerate reforms," arguing that "the forces which oppose you have organized in our republic a front of rejection of reform, the self-proclaimed Dniester republic." -Suzanne Crow and Vladimir Socor CENTRAL EUROPEAN REACTIONS. Seconded by Foreign Minister Krzysztof Skubiszewski, Polish President Lech Walesa issued a statement early on 22 September expressing his "full trust" in Russian President Boris Yeltsin, PAP reports. Skubiszewski stressed that Polish foreign policy will not change in the wake of the elections. Democratic Left Alliance leaders, however, asserted that the current conflict in Moscow is an "internal matter" for Russia and declined to support either side. In Prague, Czech Prime Minister Vaclav Klaus noted that the events in Moscow do not directly endanger Czech interests. He nevertheless warned that Yeltsin's decision to disband the parliament could be another episode in the "very unclear domestic developments in Russia." Meeting with the Russian Ambassador to Slovakia on 22-September, Slovak President Michal Kovac said he believed the measures taken by Boris Yeltsin ultimately will lead to the deepening of democracy and economic reforms in Russia. The Slovak Ministry of Foreign Affairs also said it regards Yeltsin's decision to dissolve the parliament as an effort to lead society out of a long-lasting crisis. In Budapest, the Hungarian government declared that Yeltsin was right in letting the people decide about the fate of reforms, but at the same time expressed concern that undemocratic forces could assume control over Russia's nuclear arsenal. -Louisa Vinton, Jan Obrman, Jiri Pehe, and Judith Pataki COMMENTS FROM SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE. In Sofia, President Zhelyu Zhelev, one of the first heads of state to express his support for Yeltsin during the "putsch" of August 1991, said he hoped problems in Russia can be solved peacefully and that the scheduled elections will offer a way out of the crisis. Representatives of all four parliamentary factions, notably including the ex-communist Bulgarian Socialist Party which in August 1991 wavered in position, came out in support of Yeltsin, whereas the BSP daily Duma spoke of the "Yeltsin putsch." The Romanian government expressed hopes that new elections could end "the protracted political crisis," and President Ion Iliescu said that Yeltsin needs to "do away with a dualism of powers" in Russia. Romania's main opposition group, the Democratic Convention, asked Premier Nicolae Vacaroiu, who is due to visit Moscow in late September, to refrain from signing any agreements with Russia until the power struggle has been resolved. -Kjell Engelbrekt and Dan Ionescu WILL CROATIA RENEW UNPROFOR'S MANDATE? ON 20 SEPTEMBER UN SECRETARY GENERAL BOUTROS BOUTROS-GHALI CALLED FOR A SIX-MONTH EXTENSION OF THE MANDATE FOR UN FORCES IN THE FORMER YUGOSLAVIA. Croatia is impatient because the troops, however, have yet to fulfill their obligations to disarm Serb rebels holding about 30% of Croatian territory, enable refugees to return home, or begin a return to Croatian civil administration in the Serb-held areas. The Serbs, for their part, regard UNPROFOR as a buffer between themselves and the Croats, with both sides basing their interpretations on the ambiguous January 1992 Vance Plan. Croatia has subsequently renewed the mandate several times, but only after angry posturing and after having been pressured from its friends abroad. Vjesnik of 23 September quotes Croatia's top national security body as saying that Boutros-Ghali's latest offer contains no significant improvements from the Croatian point of view, while the press in recent weeks has contained numerous articles critical of UNPROFOR. A leading Croatian diplomat nonetheless told Vecernji list on 21 September that Zagreb might give UNPROFOR a "technical extension" of its mandate because of the fluid situation in Bosnia. The matter, in any event, remains delicate because the government is under immense domestic political pressure to recover the lost areas. -Patrick Moore CROATS PUBLISH TEXT OF BOSNIA AGREEMENT. Vjesnik of 23 September runs a translation of the English-language agreement discussed by Croat, Serb, and Muslim leaders on a British aircraft carrier on 21 September. The Zagreb daily calls the pact "the agreement that never took off from the carrier HMS Invincible," and President Franjo Tudjman told Vecernji list on 22 September that the only thing interesting about the disappointing session was a chance to see the ship. The text nonetheless clearly spells out the complicated arrangement whereby Croatia would help provide the Muslims with access to the Adriatic but without giving them an entire port city. A land-swap is envisaged between Croatia and the Bosnian Serbs, but conditional on a global Serb-Croat settlement, which for Zagreb means Belgrade's recognition of Croatia in its entire Tito-era frontiers. The agreement nonetheless appears to be still-born, because Bosnian President Alija Izetbegovic continues to have doubts and because the Serbs are unwilling to give the Muslims additional land, but only to swap territory with them. -Patrick Moore POLITICAL CRACKDOWN IN SANDZAK. Police arrested more than 50 activists of the Muslim-dominated Party of Democratic Action (SDA) in the Serbian part of Sandzak, a region divided between Serbia and Montenegro with a slight Muslim majority. According to Vecernje novosti of 22 September and international media, the police in Novi Pazar wanted to arrest SDA leader Sulejman Ugljanin but failed to find him, allegedly because he was in Turkey. The police said they found an arsenal of weapons, ammunition and sabotage plans during the raids. Muslim local groups have charged Serb authorities and soldiers with several human rights abuses like kidnapping, murdering and otherwise intimidating Muslims. They claim that about 50,000 Muslims have already fled Serbia, and for over a year there have been reports of attacks on Muslims in Montenegro by Serbian irregulars. -Fabian Schmidt WALESA ASKS SLD FOR THREE CANDIDATES. In a letter to Democratic Left Alliance (SLD) leader Aleksander Kwasniewski on 22 September, Polish President Lech Walesa asked the party to propose the names of three candidates for prime minister. "I respect the verdict of democracy," the president wrote. The SLD has indicated that it prefers to name only one candidate. The constitution is not specific on the issue. The stage is thus set for a first test of strength between the president and the victorious SLD. There appeared to be no progress toward the formation of any new majority coalition, however. The Polish Peasant Party (PSL) seems to be hedging its bets, in the hope that its own chairman, former Prime Minister Waldemar Pawlak, will be asked to head the new government. In other political developments, the Union of Labor informally proposed Democratic Union chairman Tadeusz Mazowiecki as a candidate for the post of Sejm Speaker. Both the SLD and the PSL have claimed the post for their own representatives. Meanwhile, the Center Alliance (PC) issued an appeal to fourteen other defeated "center-right" parties, proposing the formation of a united front against the "communists." None of the parties is represented in the Sejm. "The decisive defeat of the Center-Right," the PC statement said, "is the obvious result of its errors, most important, its lack of unity." -Louisa Vinton FIRST OFFICIAL RESULTS IN POLISH ELECTIONS. The state election commission confirmed on 22 September that only six parties reached the threshold required for representation in the Sejm. National support was as follows: Democratic Left Alliance (SLD)-20.41%; Polish Peasant Party-15.40%; Democratic Union-10.59%; Union of Labor-7.28%; Confederation for an Independent Poland-5.77%; and Nonparty Bloc to Support Reform-5.41%. Among the losers: the "Fatherland" Catholic Election Committee (which failed to clear the 8% threshold for coalitions)-6.37%; Solidarity-4.90%; Center Alliance-4.42%; Liberal Democratic Congress-3.99%; Real Politics Union-3.18%; Self Defense-2.78%; Party X-2.74%; and Coalition for the Republic-2.70%. The exact division of seats will be announced on 24-September. National minorities were exempt from the 5% threshold, but only the German minority managed to elect deputies. The German minority committee had the most votes in the Opole voivodship, ahead of the SLD, and won three seats there, PAP reports. -Louisa Vinton ETHNIC VIOLENCE KILLS FOUR IN ROMANIA. Romanian media report that four people have died in violence between Gypsies and non-Gypsies in Transylvania on 20 and 21-September. Up to 500 angry Romanians and ethnic Hungarians lynched two Gypsy brothers and torched 11 homes in the Gypsy community of Hadareni, Mures County. A spokesman at national police headquarters in Bucharest said that violence broke out after one of the brothers stabbed to death a 25-year-old ethnic Romanian. A fourth corpse was found in a burned house. The Gypsies of Hadareni, whose number is put at some 150, went into hiding into nearby forests. Armed police patrols have been on the streets since 21 September to prevent further ethnic trouble. The Hadareni turmoil appears to be one of the most serious in a series of such incidents over the last three years. Gheorghe Raducanu, a deputy for the Roma Movement in parliament's lower house, described on 22 September the events as "bestial vengeance" and a "flagrant violation of the law and rules of cohabitation" between Gypsies and other ethnic groups. -Dan Ionescu ECONOMY MINISTER OF RUMP YUGOSLAVIA TO BUCHAREST. Radio Bucharest on 22-September reported that Tomislav Simovic, economy minister of the rump Yugoslav federation, was received in Bucharest by Romania's Prime Minister Nicolae Vacaroiu. Simovic asked the Romanian government to grant humanitarian assistance to Serbia and Montenegro within the limits imposed by the UN embargo. He also proposed that the premiers of the two countries meet soon on the occasion of a new sluice being inaugurated at the Iron Gates on the Danube. Vacaroiu stressed the need to continue political dialogue between the two countries, but remained rather non-committal on the issue of economic assistance, suggesting he would prefer to not to speak about possible cooperation before the restrictions have been lifted. -Dan Ionescu CONSERVATIVE APPOINTED ACTING UKRAINIAN PRIME MINISTER. Ukrainian president Leonid Kravchuk appointed deputy prime minister Yefim Zvyagilsky acting prime minister on 22 September, the Russian media and the Washington Post reported. Zvyagilsky, a state mining executive aged 60, was appointed deputy premier in June in the wake of the protests by the Donetsk coal miners. In contrast to his reform-mind predecessor Leonid Kuchma, who resigned, Zvyagilsky advocates slow economic reform and is closely identified with those who favor continued large-scale state involvement in industry. -Ann Sheehy MOLDOVA WORRIED BY BENDERY TENSION. At a meeting chaired by President Mircea Snegur, Moldova's Supreme Security Council expressed concern over "provocations which may lead to new hostilities" on the Dniester, Basapress reported on 22 September, citing a presidential communique. Chisinau is particularly worried by continuing picketing of Moldova's last remaining police station and courthouse in Bendery by local Russian communist groups demanding that those two seats of authority be handed over to the "Dniester republic," which controls most of Bendery. The agitators also demand that Moldova hand over to the Russian "peacekeepers" a right-bank village near Bendery claimed by the self-styled republic on the left bank. Also on 22-October, more than 700 Moldovan pupils, teachers, and parents rallied inside the sole Moldovan school in Bendery to protest the banning of the Latin script from schools in the Dniester republic. -Vladimir Socor REBEL LITHUANIAN VOLUNTEERS SURRENDER. On 23 September members of the Volunteer Home Guard Service from Kaunas who had withdrawn to the forests with their weapons surrendered to the military authorities, Radio Lithuania reports. They had been expected to surrender the previous day, but instead seized the Kaunas territory military staff building, disarming and beating up the guards and cutting off telephone and radio links. National Defense Minister Audrius Butkevicius, however, later said that the rebels had surrendered and handed over their weapons. It is not clear whether their leader junior lieutenant Jonas Maksvytis were among them since military officials have refused to confirm his present location. -Saulius Girnius [As of 1200 CET] Compiled by Elizabeth Teague and Kjell Engelbrekt THE RFE/RL DAILY REPORT IS PRODUCED BY THE RFE/RL RESEARCH INSTITUTE (A DIVISION OF RADIO FREE EUROPE/RADIO LIBERTY, INC.) with the assistance of the RFE/RL News and Current Affairs Division (NCA). The report is available by electronic mail via LISTSERV (RFERL-L@UBVM.CC.BUFFALO.EDU), on the Sovset' computer bulletin board, by fax, and by postal mail. For inquiries about specific news items, subscriptions, or additional copies, please contact: in North America: Mr. Brian Reed, RFE/RL, Inc., 1201 Connecticut Avenue NW, Washington, DC-20036 Telephone: (202) 457-6912 or -6907; Fax: (202) 457-6992 or 828-8783; Internet: RIDC@RFERL.ORG or Elsewhere: Ms. Helga Hofer, Publications Department, RFE/RL Research Institute, Oettingenstrasse 67, 80538 Munich, Germany;.Telephone: (+49 89) 2102-2631 or -2624; Fax: (+49 89) 2102-2648, Internet: PD@RFERL.ORG 1993, RFE/RL, Inc. All rights reserved.RFE/RL Daily Report
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