|If a man be gracious and courteous to strangers, it shows he is a citizen of the world, and that his heart is no island cut off from other lands, but a continent that joins to them. - Francis Bacon|
No. 169, 03 September 1993
Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, Inc. RUSSIA CHERNOMYRDIN MEETS CLINTON, SIGNS AGREEMENTS. Prime Minister Viktor Chernomyrdin held meetings with US President Bill Clinton on 2 September in Washington, ITAR-TASS and Western agencies reported. Both sides hailed agreements signed during Chernomyrdin's US visit, including trade agreements setting up a joint investment fund, a protocol on US aid for the development of the Russian oil and gas industry, and an agreement to cooperate on space exploration. The White House says Washington and Moscow also reached an understanding on the divisive question of Russian exports of cryogenic rocket engines to India. -Suzanne Crow MORE ON FEDERATION COUNCIL. President Boris Yeltsin has approved the drafts of the constituent documents of the Federation Council and they have now been sent to the republics and regions for discussion, Rossiiskie vesti reported on 2 September. Yeltsin's deputy chief of staff, Vyacheslav Volkov, told RFE/RL on 2-September that Yeltsin's staff estimated that all the republican presidents and heads of administration, as well as most of the chairman of regional parliaments, support the creation of the council and therefore parliamentary chairman Ruslan Khasbulatov has no choice but to accept it. Reports show, however, that even if the heads of representative and executive power in the republics and regions support the creation of the council, the local parliaments do not necessarily do so, and Rossiiskie vesti warned that the council will not be an obedient tool in the hands of the federal authorities. -Ann Sheehy CONSTITUTIONAL UPDATE. In the same interview, Volkov told RFE/RL that Yeltsin has improved his relations with the Russian Constitutional Court and considers it to be an important part of Russia's administration. The president plans to challenge in the court any actions of the Russian parliament which he considers unconstitutional, according to Volkov. Meanwhile, the debate over Russia's new constitution continued with a meeting on 2-September between Sergei Filatov, head of Yeltsin's administration, and Oleg Rumyantsev, secretary of the parliament's Constitutional Commission. ITAR-TASS reported Rumyantsev as saying that the final draft of a new constitution should be submitted to the Congress of People's Deputies at its November session. -Wendy Slater YELTSIN MAKES STATEMENT ON PRESS FREEDOM. President Yeltsin issued a statement on 2 September condemning as undemocratic a controversial law being debated by the parliament which envisages the creation of a surveillance committee to control broadcasting and financing of the media. ITAR-TASS reported that Yeltsin said that he would not send his representatives to such a committee. The president was also quoted as saying that he hoped journalists would not send their representatives to the committee either. The draft bill has provoked considerable criticism from individual journalists and journalists' professional organizations. -Vera Tolz SHUMEIKO, POLTORANIN ORDERED TO APPEAR IN COURT. On 2 September, AFP reported that former Deputy Prime Minister Vladimir Shumeiko and the former Director of the Federal Information Center Mikhail Poltoranin have been summoned to appear in court to testify on corruption charges. According to the report, Poltoranin and Shumeiko, who are close associates of President Yeltsin, have been warned that they could be detained if they fail to appear. This summer, Deputy Prosecutor General Nikolai Makarov accused them of corruption and abuse of power but no formal charge has so far been brought against either of the two. Instead, both have repeatedly been invited to be questioned as witnesses, but Poltoranin and Shumeiko have so far opted to ignore requests to meet the investigators. Although the Russian Constitution prohibits forcing people to give self-incriminating evidence, it is common practice to question a suspect as a witness with the aim of changing his status to that of the accused when the prosecution finds it appropriate. -Julia Wishnevsky RUTSKOI IN VORKUTA. Temporarily suspended Vice President Aleksandr Rutskoi told coal miners during his trip to the Arctic Vorkuta region that he has sufficiently strong support in the country to launch a presidential pre-election campaign. ITAR-TASS on 2 September quoted him as saying that he will not call on coal miners to strike because he is against such measures; but he also told miners that they could bring a case against the government for compensation for damage caused by years of freezing coal prices. He said that on his return to Moscow he would ask President Yeltsin to return control over agriculture and anti-corruption measures to him. The Civic Union political bloc, to which Rutskoi's party belongs, issued a statement saying that it will ask the Constitutional Court and parliament to overturn Yeltsin's decree suspending Rutskoi. -Alexander Rahr YELTSIN LOSES TOP PLACE IN APPROVAL POLL TO YAVLINSKY. The spectacle of Russian senior officials making unproved corruption allegations has indeed inflicted considerable harm for the prestige of Yeltsin's administration, Russian TV "Vesti's" anchorman announced on 2 September. The newscast cited the most recent opinion poll, according to which the Russian president, who has enjoyed the highest rating in all surveys held in Russia for the past three years, has for the first time lost the top place to the liberal economist Grigorii Yavlinsky. According to the "Public Opinion" poll cited by "Vesti" 33 percent of the respondents said they trust Yavlinsky more then any other politician in Russia, whereas 25 percent named Yeltsin, 21 percent trust Vice President Aleksandr Rutskoi, and 19-percent opted for deputy Prime Minister Sergei Shakhrai. All of these politicians have announced their wish to run for president at the next elections. -Julia Wishnevsky CIS CFE TREATY STATEMENT. The defense ministers of Russia, Uzbekistan, and Kazakhstan (Pavel Grachev, Rustam Akhmedov, and Sagadat Nurmagambetov) initialed a joint statement on principles directed toward implementing the CFE Treaty, originally signed in 1990. In the agreement, which must yet be signed by the heads of state of the relevant countries, the parties pledge to reduce forces stationed on their territories to the level of quotas established at meetings in Moscow in late August. -Suzanne Crow DIFFICULT RUSSIAN-UKRAINIAN SUMMIT IN CRIMEA? A "WORKING" MEETING OF RUSSIAN AND UKRAINIAN LEADERS IS BEING HELD IN CRIMEA ON 3 SEPTEMBER, RUSSIAN AND UKRAINIAN MEDIA REPORTED. Apart from the presidents and prime ministers, the foreign and defense ministers of both countries are taking part. Among the thorny issues on the agenda are the fate of the Black Sea Fleet and problems of nuclear disarmament and bilateral economic relations. The head of Russia's negotiating team with Ukraine, Yurii Dubinin, sounded an upbeat note on the eve of the Russian-Ukrainian summit. According to Radio Ukraine, he told journalists that "we are going to the meeting in Crimea with the best intentions. . . . There are no problems between Russia and Ukraine which we cannot resolve." On the other hand, President Yeltsin indicated the extent of the differences between the two states when he declared in a statement made in Moscow before leaving for Crimea, and reported by Russian and Western agencies on 3-September, that Russia cannot allow Ukraine to be a nuclear power. -Bohdan Nahaylo TRANSCAUCASIA AND CENTRAL ASIA TURKEY, IRAN AND AZERBAIJAN. On 2 September ITAR-TASS quoted the head of the Nagorno-Karabakh government, Robert Kocharyan, as saying that Iranian troops "had been visually observed" crossing the Azerbaijani-Iranian border on 1 September; officials in Baku denied that any Iranian troops were in Azerbaijan, but warned that the buildup of Armenian and Azerbaijani forces close to the Iranian border had created "a dangerous situation", according to AFP. In Ankara, a Turkish government spokesman said Iran was demanding a 20 km security zone along the Azerbaijan-Iranian border, where the Iranian troop buildup was close to becoming a threat to peace, and he warned that Turkey "would not remain a distant onlooker" in the event of a clash. A statement from the office of Turkish President Suleyman Demirel called for an unconditional Armenian withdrawal from occupied territories, and said that Turkey had decided to take unspecified new measures to safeguard the territorial integrity of Azerbaijan and regional peace and stability, Reuters reported. -Liz Fuller AZERBAIJAN NAMES NEW GOVERNMENT MINISTERS. Hasan Hasanov, who served as CP Central Committee secretary for industry from 1981-1990 before being appointed Prime Minister, and since the ouster of President Ayaz Mutalibov in March 1992 has been Azerbaijan's Ambassador to the UN, has been named foreign minister, Reuters reported on 2-September. Maj. Gen. Mamedrafi Mamedov, who served with the Soviet Army in Afghanistan before being appointed deputy director of the General Staff Academy, was named defense minister; Lidiya Rasulova, trade union head in the 1980s, is the new minister of education. The Azerbaijan parliament also amended the law on the presidency, abolishing the upper age limit of 65-and thus removing the last obstacle to the candidacy of 70-year old parliament chairman Geidar Aliev. -Liz Fuller GAMSAKHURDIA'S ALTERNATIVE PARLIAMENT OPENS SESSION. Georgian parliament chairman Eduard Shevardnadze flew to western Georgia on 2-September to assess the situation there following the occupation by armed supporters of ousted President Zviad Gamsakhurdia of the towns of Senaki, Abasha, and Khobi, Reuters reported. Speaking in Groznyi, Gamsakhurdia denied having commanded his supporters to blockade the town of Poti; in an interview with ITAR-TASS Gamsakhurdia alleged that members of the paramilitary organization Mkhedrioni had blocked the railway line from Poti to Tbilisi as a pretext for precipitating a civil war. Meanwhile 62 Gamsakhurdia supporters who had been elected deputies to the Georgian parliament in October 1990, including Gamsakhurdia's prime minister and deputy prime minister, congregated in Zugdid for a session of what they insist remains the legally-elected Georgian parliament and issued an appeal to Gamsakhurdia to return from exile to resume his duties as head of state, ITAR-TASS reported. -Liz Fuller TURKMENISTAN AND RUSSIA SIGN AGREEMENT ON MILITARY COOPERATION. Turkmenistan and Russia have signed a bilateral agreement on military cooperation, ITAR-TASS reported on 2 September. According to the agreement, described by President Niyazov as very beneficial for the Turkmen side, Russian citizens may carry out their military service in Turkmenistan and Turkmen officers can be trained in Russian military institutes. The agreement stipulates that after 1 January 1994 Turkmenistan will pay the entire cost of maintaining armed forces on its territory. Russia will continue to maintain some strategic military bases in Turkmenistan. Niyazov emphasized that Turkmenistan wishes to stay out of any military blocs but is very interested in developing cooperation with Russia. Russian Defense Minister Pavel Grachev, signing the agreement for Russia, expressed his personal hope that Turkmenistan would join the CIS collective security agreement. -Yalcin Tokgozoglu UZBEK OPPOSITION POLITICIAN AND POET KHASANOV IN POLICE CUSTODY. Uzbek politician and poet Dadakhan Khasanov has been in police custody for four days in Tashkent. His wife Karomat Khasanova told RFE/RL Uzbek Service on 2-September that his detention was a preventive measure on the eve of Uzbekistan's independence day celebrations on 31-August. Khasanov is a former leader of the opposition movement Birlik (Unity). -Yalcin Tokgozoglu CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE SESELJ FORMS SHADOW GOVERNMENT. Vojislav Seselj, leader of the Serbian Radical Party (SRS), announced on 2 September that his party is forming a shadow government to challenge the Socialist-dominated federal Yugoslav and Serbian governments. The SRS is the second largest party in Serbia and regards itself as the country's largest opposition group. Seselj stated the SRS is leaving open the possibility of forming a coalition government, but he warned, however, the SRS had enough political power to topple the government and that the party will continue to prepare for the takeover of power in "a democratic and parliamentary way." Seselj stressed that the SRS is closely following the implementation of the governments' latest austerity measures and said his governments' fate is directly linked to their success. He said the governments might fall in February if the economy shows no improvement. Seselj said that details of his shadow government will probably be announced on 4 September, but revealed the name of the prime minister-Tomislav Nikolic, SRS faction leader in the Serbian parliament. Seselj further stated that the ruling Democratic Socialists (ex-communists) have a firm grip on power in Montenegro and cannot be toppled. Belgrade Radio and TV carried the report. -Milan Andrejevich SLOVENIAN PRESIDENT DENIES ROLE IN ARMS DEAL. In an open letter published in Slovenian dailies on 2 September, President Milan Kucan denied charges leveled by Defense Minister Janez Jansa that he was involved in illegal arms smuggling. Kucan was accused of arranging a shipment of more than 120 tons of arms destined for Bosnian Croats and Muslims that was discovered at Maribor airport in July. Kucan also denied that he and Bosnian presidency member Fikret Abdic contracted a deal for the training of Bosnian Muslim troops in Slovenia in exchange for a $2-million helicopter. Kucan explained that his office simply made political recommendations on helping Croatia and Bosnia to defend themselves, and final, specific decisions were made by the government and the Defense Ministry without his knowledge. The scandal has rocked the government and could force new elections in the autumn. -Milan Andrejevich BOSNIAN ROUNDUP. A relative lull in diplomatic activity appears to have set in following the breakup of the Geneva talks on 1 September. The BBC's Croatian Service reported on 2-September, however, about a meeting between Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic and his Croat counterpart, Mate Boban, in the Montenegrin resort of Herceg Novi, presumably to discuss a joint strategy following the Muslims' rejection of the latest peace plan. The 3-September Sueddeutsche Zeitung, meanwhile, notes that Bosnian President Alija Izetbegovic has gone to Ankara for talks with Turkish leaders. International media report, moreover, that US Secretary of State Warren Christopher has urged the Serbs and Croats to be more flexible toward Muslim requests for changes in the proposed map of the future three ethnically-based republics. Finally, the Wall Street Journal carries the text of an open letter from numerous prominent individuals calling for tough military action against Serbia. Signatories include Margaret Thatcher, George Shultz, Zbigniew Brzezinski, Jeane Kirkpatrick, George Soros, and Czeslaw Milosz. -Patrick Moore BURGLARY AT THE BELGRADE CENTER FOR ANTIWAR ACTION. Borba reported on 25-August a break-in at the Citizens Union and the Center for Antiwar Action, institutions well-known as constituting an important center for the Belgrade nonpartisan opposition and for independent humanitarian work. Burglars stole fax-machines, computers, and important diskettes with data files, but no money. The head of the Citizens Union, Vesna Pesic, said, "we are left without of any of our documentation," and suggested that the break-in "has a certain political origin." In November 1991 a group of youths demolished the rooms of the Center for Antiwar Action and destroyed the equipment with hammers. -Fabian Schmidt POLISH JUSTICE MINISTER OPENS KATYN INVESTIGATION. Citing Russian tardiness, Justice Minister Jan Piatkowski announced on 2 September that the Warsaw prosecutor's office has opened a "sovereign Polish investigation" into the Katyn massacre. The prosecution in the Soviet murder of 21,000 Polish officers and civilian officials in 1940 has until now been considered a Russian prerogative, with Polish prosecutors assisting in the case. Piatkowski said the three NKVD executioners who are still alive should be extradited to Poland and punished. He also announced that he had removed Deputy Chief Prosecutor Stefan Sniezko, who represented Poland up to this point, from the case. As became clear in the course of the day, Piatkowski, a Christian National Union member, had made his decision without consulting the rest of the government. Polish TV reports that the decision was "a shock" to Foreign Minister Krzysztof Skubiszewski. President Lech Walesa's spokesman criticized it as well. Sniezko protested that the Russian investigation had been properly conducted and had been expected to reach its conclusion by the end of 1993. The Federation of Katyn Families also issued a protest against Piatkowski's decision. Press commentary linked the justice minister's move to the upcoming elections; Zycie Warszawy said Piatkowski's decision reflected either ignorance or disloyalty. An adviser to Russian President Boris Yeltsin called it "unexpected" and "unjustified." -Louisa Vinton KOHL SUGGESTS MORE HELP FOR EASTERN EUROPE. On 2 September, participating in the European Democratic Union conference in Budapest, German Chancellor Helmut Kohl called for more support from Western Europe for the Eastern and Central European countries that were freed from communism, MTI and Radio Budapest report. It is not enough to give these countries only friendly words of solidarity, Kohl said, but they must have concrete support as well. A signal must be sent that these countries are welcome in the European Community so that they are encouraged and motivated to continue reforming their postcommunist economies. In his opening address to the three-day conference of the association of Christian-democratic, conservative, and peasant parties, Hungarian Prime Minister Jozsef Antall also suggested NATO membership for these countries as a means to ensure the security of the region. Returning from Budapest on 2-September, Polish Prime Minister Hanna Suchocka said that Polish membership in NATO will probably be considered during the alliance's summit in January, PAP reports. Suchocka also met with Kohl, who urged Poland to push on with its economic transformation program and, when it qualifies for membership, to join the EC. She also met with Hungarian Prime Minister Jozsef Antall to discuss possible joint responses to protectionist and isolationist tendencies in the EC. -Judith Pataki and Louisa Vinton UPBEAT ECONOMIC REPORT FROM SLOVAKIA. Marian Jusko, deputy chairman of the Slovak National Bank, said on 27 August that the recent devaluation of the Slovak koruna has helped trade and national finances but also increased the inflation rate. TASR reports Jusko as saying that the inflation rate before the devaluation in July was just over 14% but since then has risen to about double that level. The koruna was devalued at the beginning of July by 10%. Jusko said that no further devaluation is contemplated. According to Jusko, the July devaluation dramatically increased Slovakia's surplus from trade and the country's foreign exchange reserves. Jusko also said that his bank will now focus on attempting to lower the inflation rate. -Jiri Pehe SLOVAK PRESIDENT ON MINORITIES. On 2 September, President Michal Kovac met with representatives of Slovakia's ethnic minorities. Speaking on Slovak TV after the meeting, Kovac said that he had pledged to ask political parties represented in the parliament to adopt a law on ethnic minorities. If his proposal is accepted, Kovac would ask political leaders in Slovakia to refrain, until the law is adopted, from any measures that could adversely affect the solution of minority problems. Kovac also said that a group of experts will be set up in Slovakia to evaluate the so-called Benes decrees, on the basis of which more than 30,000 ethnic Hungarians were expelled from Slovakia after World War-II and their property confiscated. Commenting on the current controversy surrounding the forcible removal of bilingual road signs, Kovac said that it must be solved on the basis of law and he criticized "illegal installation of bilingual signs" by some Hungarian mayors. In a reference to a letter sent by ethnic Hungarian leaders to the Council of Europe complaining about the government's minority policies, Kovac said that Slovakia's minority problems should above all be solved "at home." He said he would soon set up a committee of experts which would examine minority policies in Slovakia. -Jiri Pehe MAGYARS PULL OUT OF ROMANIA'S MINORITIES' COUNCIL. The leaders of the Hungarian Democratic Federation of Romania decided to withdraw from the Council for National Minorities. In a declaration carried by Radio Bucharest on 2 September, the federation's leaders say the decision was adopted on 31 August. It was prompted by what was termed the government's lack of "political will" to implement council recommendations that had been adopted in accordance with federation recommendations. Csaba Takacs, the federation's executive president, was quoted by Radio Bucharest as saying that the federation remains open to dialogue to prepare laws on minority rights. Western agencies quoted other federation leaders as saying the council was set up only as "an instrument of propaganda for the West" and the government has no intention to address the Hungarian minority's problems. In a related development, Socialist Labor Party senator Adrian Paunescu harshly attacked the HDFR memorandum to Catherine Lalumiere, the secretary-general of the Council of Europe. The HDFR was accused of "treason" by speakers representing the Party of Romanian National Unity. -Michael Shafir RAILWAY WORKERS THREATEN NEW STRIKE IN ROMANIA. In Brasov on 2 September representatives of the locomotive drivers' trade union discussed what steps to take in light of the dismissal of some 65-members of the union following the strike last month. Radio Bucharest said they decided to hold a protest meeting in Bucharest on 9 September and to stop traffic on 20-September if by then their demand to have the dismissed members reemployed has not been met. On the other hand, an RFE/RL correspondent quoted Ioan Vlad, president of the union, as saying that the new board of the railway company has assured the union that the case of the dismissed drivers will be reconsidered. -Michael Shafir BEROV OUTLINES PRIORITIES. In an apparent effort to counter recent criticism that his cabinet is inefficient, at a press conference on 2 September Bulgarian Prime Minister Lyuben Berov outlined what he said should be key priorities for the months to come. Berov called on all four parliamentary factions to assist in adopting 42-different laws-all described as crucial to the reform process-as well as to identify and help resolve the country's chief economic problems. He repeated the promise that the government will return 55-60% of farm land to precommunist owners before the end of 1993, although he conceded that the plan is currently behind schedule and that the Ministry of Agriculture is partly to blame. A few hours earlier, government spokesman Raycho Raykov announced that Berov himself had asked for the resignation of Deputy Prime Minister Neycho Neev on the previous day, and that the request had received the unanimous support of the cabinet. -Kjell Engelbrekt JIMMY CARTER IN ALBANIA. Reuters reports on 2-September that former US president Jimmy Carter, who arrived in Albania on 31 August, told a news conference in Tirana that the privatization of television and radio should be a high priority. Currently, Albania has only one, state-owned radio and TV station. Opposition leaders and analysts have suggested Albanian news is highly biased in favor of the ruling Democratic Party and that opposition activities are almost completely ignored. Carter also noted that he met Albanian opposition leaders, although according to a 3 September article in Zeri i Popullit, members of Albania's Socialist Party deny that Carter met with them. -Robert Austin US AMBASSADOR REBUFFS "DNIESTER REPUBLIC." The US Embassy in Moldova released to the local media on 1 September the text of a message to "Dniester republic" president Igor Smirnov from Ambassador Mary Pendleton, turning down Smirnov's invitation to attend an anniversary celebration in Tiraspol. "You must know that the US promotes a peaceful settlement of the conflict on the basis of Moldova's territorial integrity" and of respect for human rights, the message continued. It also expressed concern over the fate of the six Moldovans on trial in Tiraspol and reiterated the Embassy's position in "urging, jointly with the representatives of international organizations, that the detainees be handed over to the legitimate Moldovan authorities." -Vladimir Socor RUSSIAN HARD-LINERS IN TIRASPOL. The anniversary celebrations are being attended by a group of Russian parliamentary deputies and several prominent ultranationalist figures, Basapress reported from Tiraspol on 2 September. A rally and a parade of Transdniester military units were addressed, among others, by Nikolai Pavlov, leader of the Rossiya group of deputies in the Russian parliament, Viktor Alksnis, representing the leadership of the National Salvation Front, and Lt. Gen. Aleksandr Lebed, commander of Russia's 14th Army in Moldova. A message of salute was read on behalf of Crimean Supreme Soviet Chairman Nikolai Bagrov. The speakers from Moscow called for the restoration of the USSR and for the prosecution of Yeltsin and other leaders of newly independent states. -Vladimir Socor UKRAINIAN PARLIAMENT ADJOURNS. On 2 September parliament adjourned its work in plenary session until 21 September without taking a crucial vote on whether or not to go ahead with a national referendum on confidence in the president and parliament (as demanded in the summer by striking miners and agreed to under pressure by parliament) or to call early elections. The procrastination and indecision by parliament is likely to aggravate Ukraine's economic and political crises. -Bohdan Nahaylo CONFLICTING STATEMENTS ON SAFETY OF CHERNOBYL PLANT. On 31 August Ukrainian Energy Minister Vilen Semenyuk urged parliament to extend the operating life of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant beyond the deadline of 31 December 1993, Reuters reports. He claimed that, after the introduction of safety measures, the plant was "among the safest, and not only in Ukraine." However, the chairman of the parliamentary commission on Chernobyl, Volodymyr Yavorivsky, took issue with this claim. In an interview with an RFE/RL correspondent on 1 September, Yavorivsky said that he would produce evidence disputing the minister's statement. -Keith Bush RUSSIAN PARLIAMENT DELEGATION VISITS LITHUANIA. On 2 September a delegation from the Russian parliament, headed by the chairman of its Committee for International Affairs, Evgenii Ambartsumov, held talks with Lithuanian parliament chairman Ceslovas Jursenas and members of its foreign affairs committee as well as President Algirdas Brazauskas, Radio Lithuania reports. Ambartsumov told a press conference that he was very satisfied with the talks. He said that Lithuania could serve as an example for other former Soviet republics on dealing with Russia and placed most of the blame for the recent crisis in Lithuanian-Russian relations on the inadequate coverage by the press. -Saulius Girnius ESTONIAN FOREIGN MINISTER IN CHINA. On 2-September Trivimi Velliste began an official visit to the Republic of China, BNS and Xinhua report. He held talks in Beijing with Foreign Minister Qian Qichen on Russian troop withdrawal from Estonia, cooperation in the UN on security issues, and cultural cooperation. Velliste and Minister of Foreign Trade and Trade Cooperation Wu Yi signed an agreement on mutual protection of investments. On 3 September Velliste is expected to sign an agreement on cooperation in culture, education, and scientific research between the two countries and to meet China's vice president. He is scheduled to visit Tientsin before returning to Estonia on 4 September. -Saulius Girnius [As of 1200 CET] Compiled by Wendy Slater and Charles Trumbull THE RFE/RL DAILY REPORT IS PRODUCED BY THE RFE/RL RESEARCH INSTITUTE (A DIVISION OF RADIO FREE EUROPE/RADIO LIBERTY, INC.) with the assistance of the RFE/RL News and Current Affairs Division (NCA). The report is available by electronic mail via LISTSERV (RFERL-L@UBVM.CC.BUFFALO.EDU), on the Sovset' computer bulletin board, by fax, and by postal mail. For inquiries about specific news items, subscriptions, or additional copies, please contact: in North America: Mr. Brian Reed, RFE/RL, Inc., 1201 Connecticut Avenue NW, Washington, DC-20036 Telephone: (202) 457-6912 or -6907; Fax: (202) 457-6992 or 828-8783; Internet: RIDC@RFERL.ORG or Elsewhere: Ms. Helga Hofer, Publications Department, RFE/RL Research Institute, Oettingenstrasse 67, 80538 Munich, Germany;.Telephone: (+49 89) 2102-2631 or -2624; Fax: (+49 89) 2102-2648, Internet: PD@RFERL.ORG 1993, RFE/RL, Inc. All rights reserved.RFE/RL Daily Report
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