|In the effort to give good and comforting answers to the young questioners whom we love, we very often arrive at good and comforting answers for ourselves. - Ruth Goode|
No. 168, 02 September 1993
Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, Inc. RUSSIA YELTSIN SUSPENDS RUTSKOI, SHUMEIKO. President Boris Yeltsin has suspended his chief rival Vice President Aleksandr Rutskoi and his own ally First Deputy Prime Minister, Vladimir Shumeiko. A presidential decree stripping both officials of their duties appeared in ITAR-TASS on 1 September. The decree stated that the two officials' mutual allegations of corruption were damaging the government's authority and that both would be suspended temporarily, pending results of a probe into these allegations. Shumeiko's spokesman said that Shumeiko had asked for suspension himself in order to have more time to deal with the corruption allegations leveled against him. Yeltsin had previously deprived Rutskoi of all his official functions but has no constitutional right to formally dismiss him. Presidential spokesman Vyacheslav Kostikov said that since the suspensions are temporary, no question of the constitutionality of Yeltsin's action arises. -Alexander Rahr REACTION TO SUSPENSION. Vice President Rutskoi said he will ignore the president's decree on his temporary suspension and accused Yeltsin of "putting himself above the constitution," ITAR-TASS reported on 1 September. He added that the Constitutional Court will deal with the issue. One day before Yeltsin issued the decree, Rutskoi had told Selskaya zhizn that "Yeltsin was ruining Russia by remaining in an endless state of drunkenness." Parliamentary speaker Ruslan Khasbulatov has said that the decree was illegal and that Yeltsin was attempting to set a "legal precedent" for further actions against his opponents. He asserted that the parliament would soon suspend the decree. He said, "even before the debate on the decree in parliament, I declare that this decree is illegal and shall not be obeyed." -Alexander Rahr RYABOV ACCUSES KHASBULATOV OF PLANNING COUP. Deputy parliamentary speaker Nikolai Ryabov told Megapolis-Ekspress (no. 34) that certain parliamentary leaders were seeking to dismantle the institution of presidency and set up "Soviet rule" in Russia. He warned that a coup was being planned and accused speaker Ruslan Khasbulatov of dictatorial ambitions. He maintained that Khasbulatov was giving orders to local authorities to prepare a takeover of the local soviets. He claimed that Khasbulatov wants to gain full control over government affairs and that Khasbulatov already supervises the operation of the central bank entirely. In his opinion, early parliamentary elections were the only way out of the present political crisis. -Alexander Rahr YELTSIN SPOKESMAN EXPLAINS NEED FOR NEW FEDERATION COUNCIL. Yeltsin's spokesman Anatolii Krasikov told an RFE/RL correspondent in Moscow on 30 August that Yeltsin was creating a new federation council so that Russia's republics and regions could coordinate their interests while waiting for a new constitution and a new election law. Krasikov was responding to a statement to Interfax on 31 August by deputy parliamentary chairman Yuri Voronin, who said that the existing federation council continues to function and to discuss important issues and that, if someone dislikes it, steps should be taken to improve it and not create a new, unconstitutional body. The existing council was set up on 17-July 1990 by a decree of the parliament's presidium signed by Yeltsin himself (who was then chairman of the parliament), but Krasikov said Yeltsin felt the regions needed other representation than in a body set up by a parliament elected under the Brezhnev constitution. -Ann Sheehy INFLATION UP IN AUGUST. The Ministry of Finance has announced that the inflation rate in August rose to 25-30%, ITAR-TASS reported on 1 September. Reasons given for this increase included the banknote exchange of late July, a concomitant rush to unload old rubles on consumer durables, the jump in prices of energy-carriers and transportation charges, and the softening of credit policy in connection with the harvest. A specialist of the Center for Economic and Political Research (Epitsentr) is quoted by Izvestiya of the same date as warning that concessions to the "agricultural lobby" over state purchase prices for grain have driven these close to world prices. This, together with the removal of subsidies, will lead to a tripling of food prices by the end of the year. -Keith Bush CHEVRON RECEIVES GO-AHEAD FOR TENGIZ PIPELINE. Chevron Corporation has received approval from the Russian parliament for a proposed $1.2 billion pipeline from the Tengiz oilfield in Kazakhstan to the port of Novorossiisk, The Wall Street Journal and an RFE/RL correspondent in Moscow reported on 1 September. The 960-kilometer route was selected in order to reduce overall costs and to minimize environmental problems by using existing Russian pipeline along certain sections. Russia would collect transit fees for the oil shipped. However, many financial, technical, and diplomatic problems must be resolved before the pipeline is built. -Keith Bush RUSSIA'S "NATURAL ALLIES." An article in the current issue (no. 35) of the liberal weekly Novoe Vremya by Pavel Baev offers an analysis of Russia's international peacekeeping objectives. Baev notes that governments of newly independent states of the former Soviet Union are being opposed from within by ethnic separatists, who are "natural allies" of Russia and look to Russia for support. In such situations, for example in the "Dniester republic," Ossetia, and now probably Abkhazia, Baev notes, Russia is "sacrificing the principle of the inviolability of borders in supporting the separatists," "freezing front lines into de facto borders," and "protecting them with its battalions." Echoing the views of some Russian liberal officials, Baev calls for changing the borders through plebiscite by "the population living at the given moment on a given territory" in order to avoid continued interethnic bloodshed. -Suzanne Crow and Vladimir Socor DISAVOWALS ON BURBULIS VISIT TO JAPAN. President Yeltsin's press service issued a statement on 1 September declaring that he had not empowered anyone to carry out negotiations on the part of Russia with Japan, Ostankino Television reported. "Any announcements or meetings of individuals visiting Japan on the eve of the visit are outside the confines of official negotiations and cannot be viewed as anything other than statements and meetings of private individuals," the statement said. Former presidential adviser Gennadi Burbulis flew to Japan on 1 September for what some suspected was back-channel diplomacy with Japan. -Suzanne Crow KOZYREV ON BOSNIA. Foreign Minister Andrei Kozyrev met with Thorvald Stoltenberg and David Owen, co-chairmen of the Coordinating Committee of the Conference on the Former Yugoslavia, on 1 September in Geneva. "We tried to map out some coordinated moves to bring the current negotiating process to successful completion," Kozyrev told reporters after the meeting. He also stressed that Russia fully supports the efforts being made by the co-chairmen. Kozyrev expressed the view that mutual concessions are necessary to stop the war, ITAR-TASS reported. -Suzanne Crow VIKTOR BARANNIKOV EXPLAINS RETIREMENT. Nezavisinaya gazeta of 1 September published a letter from the former minister of security, Viktor Barannikov, to President Yeltsin, in which he rejected the official explanation for his dismissal in July. Barannikov wrote that "ultra-radicals" demanding action against political groups opposing the government were involved in his ouster. He said he refused to let the Ministry of Security become embroiled in the nation's political struggles. Others pressing for his retirement were "corrupt officials", who have gained serious political influence, added Barannikov. Barannikov also claimed that his "retirement" was prepared already in December of last year, following a speech Barannikov gave on corruption to the Russian parliament. In this speech he revealed corruption in the Ministry of Mineral Fertilizers. Although Barannikov did not mention any names, he may have been referring to the controversial Dmitrii Yakubovskii, who recently supported corruption charges against the Vice President Aleksandr Rutskoi. Yakubovskii was the representative of the Ministry of Mineral Fertilizers in Zurich in 1991. -Victor Yasmann CIS YELTSIN, KRAVCHUK SUMMIT ISSUES. Presidents Boris Yeltsin and Leonid Kravchuk are set to meet on 3 September near Yalta in another attempt to resolve the division of the Black Sea Fleet, Russian claims to Sevastopol, and economic relations between to two countries, ITAR-TASS and AFP reported on 1 and 2-September. Details of the meeting's agenda have not been made available, but it is known that Ukraine's Minister of Defense, Konstantin Morozov, is to be present at the talks. The two presidents had met outside of Moscow in June to discuss the Black Sea Fleet issue and agreed on a 50:50 division of the Fleet. Since then, the Russian parliament voted that the port of Sevastopol in Ukraine was a Russian city, and officials on both sides have voiced their belief that the proposed 50:50 split was not practical. In addition to these unresolved differences, Ukraine is likely to bring up Russia's moves towards charging world prices for its gas and oil which are exacerbating Ukraine's current economic crisis. Ukraine's failure to ratify the START-1 and NPT agreements are also likely to be touched on at the summit meeting. -Ustina Markus TRANSCAUCASIA AND CENTRAL ASIA GRACHEV IN TBILISI. Talks in Tbilisi on 1 September between Russian Defense Minister Pavel Grachev and highranking Georgian officials resulted in an agreement on the continued stationing of Russian troops in Georgia, ITAR-TASS reported. Responding to Grachev's proposal to reduce substantially the Russian military presence, Georgian Prime Minister Otar Patsatsia pleaded for Russian troops to remain, AFP reported. How many of the 20,000 Russian troops now in Georgia will remain, and for how long, was not disclosed; under the terms of an agreement reached several months ago they were due to be withdrawn by the end of 1995. -Liz Fuller AZERBAIJAN SCHEDULES NEW PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS. On 1 September the Azerbaijani parliament voted to endorse the final results of the 29 August referendum, in which 97.5 per cent of the electorate expressed their lack of confidence in President Abulfaz Elchibey, ITAR-TASS reported. The parliament also voted to schedule new presidential elections for 3-October, Azerbaijani Television reported. -Liz Fuller KARABAKH ROUNDUP. The Azerbaijani Defense Ministry stated on 1 September that Azerbaijani troops had abandoned the town of Kubatli under pressure from Karabakh Armenian forces, Reuters reported. However, a spokesman for the Nagorno-Karabakh government quoted by ITAR-TASS claimed that its forces were withdrawing from up to 30-villages in Kubatli raion as a gesture of good will in compliance with an appeal by Armenian President Levon Ter-Petrossyan, and intended to observe a ceasefire agreement signed on 31 August. The Russian Foreign Ministry condemned media reports that Iran had sent troops to Azerbaijan to help protect economic installations near the Azerbaijani-Iranian border, according to ITAR-TASS. Speaking in Ankara, Turkish President Suleyman Demirel affirmed that Turkey would continue to provide Azerbaijan with material, moral and political support, and predicted that "sooner or later" Armenian forces would be constrained to withdraw from Azerbaijani territory, Reuters reported. -Liz Fuller CORRECTION. In the 31 August Daily Report, Aleksandr Zaveryukha was incorrectly referred to as Russia's Minister of Agriculture. He is in fact Deputy Prime Minister in charge of agricultural affairs. CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE GENEVA TALKS BREAK DOWN. International media reported on 1 September that the Bosnian negotiations collapsed because of Muslim territorial demands that are unacceptable to the Serbs or Croats. The Muslims insisted that they wanted only what President Alija Izetbegovic called "an economically and politically viable state," the Los Angeles Times reports on 2 September, but mediator Lord Owen noted that "they all want more territory than either of the others are prepared to give." Vjesnik and Vecernji list point out that the main stumbling block was Muslim demands for the Bosnian Croat port of Neum as access to the Adriatic, and Hina quotes Croatian President Franjo Tudjman as saying that there is "no point" in the talks continuing and that fighting would now go on. Izetbegovic blamed "those who have benefited most from this war" for not making "most basic compromises," but Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic warned him that the Muslims could now face a partition of Bosnia between the Serbs and Croats alone. Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic, for his part, said that the draft plan is still on the table and appealed for the sanctions against Serbia to be lifted. The Washington Post quotes Lord Owen as warning that "fragmentation, anarchy, warlords, and chaos" are the likely immediate future for Bosnia, and the Wall Street Journal has him adding: "who knows what will happen" next? -Patrick Moore SERBIAN OPPOSITION SKEPTICAL. On 1 September Vuk Draskovic, the head of the opposition Serbian Renewal Movement (SPO), told reporters in Belgrade that the Geneva peace plan would legitimize ethnic cleansing and genocide, of which he said the Bosnian Serbs, Muslims, and Croats are guilty. He predicted that the war will continue regardless of whether the Muslims eventually sign the peace accord. He believes they will receive military and financial backing from Islamic states that could lead to the creation of a Muslim state and bring fundamentalism to Bosnia-although he added that the vast majority of Bosnian Muslims still do not want this. Draskovic also accused top-ranking officials in the ruling Socialist Party (SPS) and the Serbian Radical Party of having deposited as much as $15-billion in foreign banks over the past three years. Meanwhile Vojislav Kostunica, leader of the Democratic Party of Serbia, said the SPS is most to blame for the current economic and social crisis in Serbia and for having failed to end corruption and crime. Regarding opposition parties, Kostunica declared that DEPOS (whose members include the DSS and SPO) no longer exists as a coalition, but he did not elaborate. Belgrade TV and radio carried the reports. -Milan Andrejevich DROUGHT RACKS SERBIA. Serbian Radio and TV report that this year's heat wave is the worst in 70 years. Officials say the weather has decimated production in Vojvodina, the country's chief grain-growing area. The average corn yield will be a scant 1.5 instead of the expected 2.5 tons per acre, and the sugar beet and soybean yields will be reduced by a third compared with 1992. Farmers also complain of shortages of pesticides, fertilizers, fuel, and spare parts because of international sanctions. Experts say this year's drought is worse than in 1992, when some $3 billion was lost. The levels of the rivers Sava and Velika Morava are at their lowest in nearly a century, and widespread water shortages are reported in Kosovo. Many mountain springs and rivers have also dried up in southern Serbia and Montenegro, with potentially serious consequences, although public health officials report that so far there are no major signs of an outbreak of contagious diseases. -Milan Andrejevich KOSOVO UPDATE. Police raids were reported in Kosovska Mitrovica on 27 August. At least 130 houses were searched, but the police found no arms. Allegedly the police told the inhabitants to leave the village within three months or be driven out, ATA reports. Elsewhere, Kosovar leader Ibrahim Rugova charged the police with killing a youngster because he was member of a human rights group, Borba and ATA said on 27 and 28 August. The police also arrested about 100 Albanians in Prizren who had contact with CSCE monitors and maltreated several of them. Rugova said that since the monitors left on 30 July "the Serbian police feel free to do anything," the Guardian reports on 2 September. On the occasion of the beginning of the new school year, Rilindja adds on 1 September that since 1990 eighteen pupils, two teachers, one principal, and three parents have died as a result of "Serbian terror." Many other teachers and pupils have allegedly been maltreated, while 140 teachers and 6 pupils were sent to prison for between 20 and 60 days each. Borba adds on 30 August that an Albanian round-table organized by a group close to Rugova's party concluded that "the Albanian question in the Balkans will be solved in the framework of [setting up] new spheres of interest in Europe and the Balkans, and that the Albanians will go with those who offer more." -Fabian Schmidt CZECHS, GERMANS FAIL TO SIGN READMISSION TREATY. German Interior Minister Manfred Kanther and his Czech counterpart Jan Ruml failed to sign the so-called readmission treaty that would allow German authorities to return illegal immigrants entering German territory via the Czech Republic, CTK reports on 1-September. The point of contention is the question who will determine which asylum-seekers entered Germany through the Czech Republic. While Kanther insists on returning even those illegal immigrants who were caught on German territory, Ruml is willing to accept only those who were identified while trying to cross the border. Ruml informed journalists after the meeting in Bonn that the German side will prepare a document that will serve as a basis for further talks. -Jan Obrman HAVEL IN THE SPOTLIGHT. Czech President Vaclav Havel participated in a meeting commemorating Ludwig Czech, the former Chairman of Sudeten German Social Democrats in the interwar period, Czech TV reported on 1 September. The ceremony, held on the site of the Terezin concentration camp where Czech died in 1942, was also attended by Austrian Prime Minister Franz Vranitzky and the leader of the German Social Democrats in the Bundestag, Hans-Jochen Vogel. Havel praised Ludwig Czech as a symbol of all that is positive in Czech-German relations and said that he helped to establish modern democracy in Czechoslovakia. Havel also said that only for "undemocratic minds" are minority questions a reason for violent confrontations. In a separate development, Mlada Fronta Dnes has published a list of all of Havel's private property, including restaurants and houses in Prague. In an interview, Havel stressed that the public has a right to know about his assets and urged other politicians to also reveal information on their property, "a common practice in many countries." Havel said that he has been both poor and rich many times in his life and that neither situation constituted a problem for him. -Jan Obrman MECIAR ON MINORITIES;-.-.-. At a meeting in Bratislava organized on 1 September by the ruling Movement for a Democratic Slovakia, Prime Minister Vladimir Meciar criticized leaders of the Magyar minority in Slovakia for sending a letter to the Council of Europe complaining about the government's unkept promises on minority rights. Local media report Meciar as saying that the ethnic Hungarians' accusations are "false and misleading." "The Hungarian minority in Slovakia cannot be hostage to the Hungarian politicians," he said. Commenting on recent purchases of arms by Hungary, Meciar said that "there is no immediate danger to Slovakia; we have everything we need to safeguard our security." The premier also explained the decision to recall the ambassador to Austria, Rudolf Filkus. According to Meciar, the Slovak Foreign Minister warned Filkus repeatedly to stop making "antigovernment statements," but Filkus failed to heed the warnings. -Jiri Pehe .-.-.-SLOBODNIK, ZELENAY ON THE MEDIA. At the same MDS meeting, Culture Minister Dusan Slobodnik said that "it is sad that Slovak TV and Slovak Radio are not under the jurisdiction of his ministry" (both institutions have the status of public corporations). Slovak TV and Radio give "too much space to the opposition," Slobodnik said, despite the fact that their editors are de facto paid by the state. The minister said that he is not asking these media to praise the government, but only to be objective. He asked citizens to put pressure on the editors to stop them from giving a negative picture of Slovakia. MDS Vice Chairman Roman Zelenay termed the media organs "Anti-Slovak Television and Radio" and called Milan Markovic, TV satire writer, "a Judas." Zelenay said that the government is completing work on a draft law that would unify Slovak TV and Slovak Radio, "which would make them more objective." He also argued that Slovakia must establish a ministry of information, because "it is necessary to make propaganda even outside Slovakia." -Jiri Pehe US CONSULATE IN CLUJ? THE UNITED STATES HOPES TO OPEN A NEW CONSULATE IN THE TRANSYLVANIAN CITY, AN EMBASSY SPOKESMAN SAID ON 1 SEPTEMBER. One day earlier Radio Bucharest said the spokesman had confirmed the "general accuracy" of the intention to open the consulate in Cluj, confirming a dispatch broadcast by RFE/RL's Romanian Service on 31-August. The embassy spokesman said the US has "a lot of interests" in the "center of Transylvania," mentioning "geographical, political, [and] commercial" interests, as well as issues pertaining to "human rights." Reuters, which quoted the spokesman, emphasized that Cluj is the base of the hard-line Romanian nationalists of the Party of Romanian National Unity, which have antagonized Romania's large Magyar minority. On the same day in Budapest, at the end of a private visit, Hungarian-born US congressman Tom Lantos confirmed that the State Department plans to open an office in Cluj in December. In a related development, a spokesman for the Romanian ministry of foreign affairs said on 1 September that a recent memorandum submitted by the Hungarian Democratic Federation of Romania to Catherine Lalumiere, secretary-general of the Council of Europe, was "unacceptable" and added the Romanian authorities may yet react to the memorandum. The document, he said, questions Romania's constitution, which defines the country as a national unitary state. Radio Bucharest said on 1 September that Foreign Affairs Minister Teodor Melescanu has sent a letter to the Council of Europe, describing the "real" situation of the country's national minorities. -Michael Shafir and Judith Pataki MOLDOVAN-ROMANIAN ECONOMIC AGREEMENTS. On 1 September in Bucharest the prime ministers of Moldova and Romania, Andrei Sangheli and Nicolae Vacaroiu, signed a package of economic agreements. The most important concerns a Romanian credit worth 20-billion lei ($20 million) for purchases of Romanian goods. The terms of repayment have not as yet been clarified, and the credit is subject to approval by the Romanian parliament. Another agreement deals with Romanian fuel deliveries to Moldova in exchange for Moldovan agricultural products in 1993. No amounts were mentioned, but the figures mentioned during the preliminary discussions were modest. A third agreement concerns the utilization of parts of Romania's fund for integration with Moldova which is worth a total of $6 million. The agreements represent a much scaled-down version of Romanian President Ion Iliescu's offer of "fraternal assistance" to Moldova last month. -Vladimir Socor SNEGUR-YELTSIN MEETING. Russian and Moldovan Presidents Boris Yeltsin and Mircea Snegur held talks in the Kremlin on 1 September. A press statement from Yeltsin's office said the two discussed the ongoing negotiations concerning Russia's 14th Army in Moldova and the settlement of the situation "in the Dniester region of the Republic of Moldova." Yeltsin stressed that the settlement "must involve the granting of a special legal status" to that region and at the same time "the strict observance of Moldova's independence and territorial integrity." -Vladimir Socor BULGARIAN DEPUTY PREMIER TO RESIGN? BTA REPORTS ON 2 SEPTEMBER THAT DEPUTY PRIME MINISTER NEYCHO NEEV IS CONSIDERING LEAVING THE CABINET. According to a statement by government spokesman Raycho Raykov, Neev has asked to be relieved of his duties as chairman of the Committee on Energy and will "in all likelihood" hand in his resignation as deputy premier on 3 September. Last week Neev was sharply criticized, especially by trade union leader Konstantin Trenchev, for having put Bulgaria's policy toward the Balkan war at risk by unofficially meeting with four top representatives of rump Yugoslavia. -Kjell Engelbrekt UKRAINIAN PARLIAMENT DEFERS CRUCIAL VOTES. On 1 September, a heated debate, broadcast live by Radio Ukraine, on the emergency economic reform program proposed by Leonid Kuchma's government resulted in the postponement of the crucial vote for at least several weeks. Kuchma's motion that no more time be wasted and his government's proposed measures be voted on was defeated. Instead, spurred on by Speaker Ivan Plyushch, (who nevertheless sidestepped a call for a vote of no-confidence in Kuchma's government), two-thirds of the deputies decided to refer the government's proposal for further review to the parliamentary commissions and to return to them not earlier than 21 September. Parliament has also still not voted on the other major issue before it: whether to go ahead with a referendum on confidence in the parliament and president or to call early elections. In the meantime, there are signs that the miners in the Donbas are considering renewing their strike action. The leader of the democratic opposition movement Rukh, Vyacheslav Chornovil, also announced on 1-September that Rukh is calling for protests and strikes to force parliament to call new elections, Ukrainian media report. -Bohdan Nahaylo SECOND LITHUANIA-POLAND CUSTOMS POST OPENED. On 1 September the post at Kalvarija-Budziski was officially opened, Radio Lithuania reports. The Lithuanian, Polish, and Finnish transportation ministers participated at the ceremonies. Only cargo traffic not requiring veterinary or sanitary checks will be allowed to use the post, although in order to reduce delays at the other customs post at Lazdijai-Ogrodniki during Pope John Paul II's visit to the Baltic States on 4-10 September, beginning on 2 September religious pilgrims will also be permitted to travel through Kalvarija. Expectations that the Lithuanian and Polish prime ministers would open the post were dashed when negotiators failed to resolve remaining differences in a cooperation and good neighbor treaty. -Saulius Girnius BELARUS FOREIGN MINISTER IN LITHUANIA. On 1-September Pyotr Krauchanka arrived in Vilnius for a two-day visit, Radio Lithuania reports. He participated in the opening of the first Belarusian-language secondary school in Lithuania. On 2 September he is scheduled to hold talks with President Algirdas Brazauskas, Prime Minister Adolfas Slezevicius, and Foreign Minister Povilas Gylys on improving trade and economic cooperation as well as on the delineation of the border between the two countries. No agreements are expected to be signed. -Saulius Girnius BELARUS INCHES TOWARDS MARKET REFORM. The Supreme Soviet confirmed a privatization program for state assets, Radiefakt reported on 31 August. Details of the scheme were not broadcast, but it is thought to state the objectives of privatization, outline the method of organizing the process, and delineate which enterprises are included in the program. In another move directed at market reform, prices were raised for communication services on 1 September, ITAR-TASS reports. Installation fees and monthly payments have been increased, as have the costs of local and long-distance calls. Prices of postal services have also doubled, and registered mail will now cost ten times as much as before. -Ustina Markus GERMANY DONATES SHIPS TO LATVIA. On 31-August German Ambassador Hagen von Lambsdorff handed over five German naval vessels and 6,000-uniforms to Latvian defense officials, BNS reports. The ships are two mine-sweepers and three rocket ships from which the weapons have been removed. Latvian Navy Commander Gaidis Zeibots thanked Lambsdorff for the ships, which will be used to patrol the coast to prevent illegal immigration and drug trafficking -Saulius Girnius [As of 1200 CET] Compiled by Erik Whitlock and Charles Trumbull THE RFE/RL DAILY REPORT IS PRODUCED BY THE RFE/RL RESEARCH INSTITUTE (A DIVISION OF RADIO FREE EUROPE/RADIO LIBERTY, INC.) with the assistance of the RFE/RL News and Current Affairs Division (NCA). The report is available by electronic mail via LISTSERV (RFERL-L@UBVM.CC.BUFFALO.EDU), on the Sovset' computer bulletin board, by fax, and by postal mail. For inquiries about specific news items, subscriptions, or additional copies, please contact: in North America: Mr. Brian Reed, RFE/RL, Inc., 1201 Connecticut Avenue NW, Washington, DC-20036 Telephone: (202) 457-6912 or -6907; Fax: (202) 457-6992 or 828-8783; Internet: RIDC@RFERL.ORG or Elsewhere: Ms. Helga Hofer, Publications Department, RFE/RL Research Institute, Oettingenstrasse 67, 80538 Munich, Germany;.Telephone: (+49 89) 2102-2631 or -2624; Fax: (+49 89) 2102-2648, Internet: PD@RFERL.ORG 1993, RFE/RL, Inc. All rights reserved.
write to us
with your comments and suggestions.