|It matters if you don't just give up. - Stephen Hawking|
No. 165, 30 August 1993
Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, Inc. RUSSIA PARLIAMENT OVERTURNS PRESIDENTIAL BUDGET VETO. On 27 August, parliament voted by 151 to 3 to overturn President Boris Yeltsin's veto of its draft budget, Reuters reported. The legislature gave the government one week to raise additional revenues to financ e the budget. (On 22 July, parliament had passed a law on the 1993 budget that provided for a deficit equivalent to 25% of GDP. This was vetoed by the president on 18-August.) The parliament also passed a resolution urging the dismissal of Finance Ministe r Boris Fedorov, who was conspicuously absent from the afternoon session. The IMF expressed concern at the budget vote. -Keith Bush PRESSURES ON STATE BUDGET. However well the government fares in its struggle to bring down the deficit foreseen in the draft budget for 1993, pressures for increased spending are likely to remain strong throughout the rest of the year. According to an art icle in Izvestiya on 27 August, state agricultural procurements, now indexed to cost inflation, will continue to rise and, therewith, subsidies to livestock raising. Financial assistance to the Northern regions will also grow as a result of rising food an d transportation costs, recently liberalized energy prices, and investments associated with the conversion program. The Izvestiya article also warned that Deputy Prime Ministers Oleg Soskovets, Oleg Lobov and Aleksandr Zaveryukha continue to lobby energet ically for additional subsidies to industry and agriculture. -Erik Whitlock RUSSIA AND JAPAN: NO PROGRESS ON KURILS, VISIT. Two days of talks in Tokyo between deputy foreign ministers from Russia and Japan failed to yield progress either on an approach to resolving the Kuril Islands territorial issue or on setting a date for a vi sit to Japan by President Yeltsin. Tokyo, apparently angered over intransigent remarks made earlier this month (and repeated on 27 August) by Prime Minister Viktor Chernomyrdin, appeared to harden its own stance on the issue. Kyodo quoted Japanese Foreign Minister Tsutomu Hata on 27 August as saying that Japan would maintain the former Japanese leadership's policy of linking economic aid for Russia to resolution of the territorial dispute. In fact, it had been expected that Tokyo might de-emphasize that l inkage further. Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Georgii Kunadze proclaimed following the talks that Moscow had never pursued negotiations on transferring any of the disputed islands to Japan, ITAR-TASS reported. The two sides plan to resume talks on the Y eltsin visit when their Foreign Ministers meet in New York in late September. -Stephen Foye CHERNOMYRDIN IN RUN-UP TO US VISIT. In remarks to reporters on 27 and 29 August reported by ITAR-TASS and Russian TV Prime Minister Chernomyrdin said that some five agreements, already initialed, are expected to be signed during a long-awaited visit to th e US that began on 29 August. The agreements involve Russian-American cooperation in two areas: space technology and fuel and energy production. Commissions have been set up in each country, the co-chairmen of which are US Vice President Albert Gore and C hernomyrdin himself, to deal with these issues. Chernomyrdin, who began his visit in Houston, said that he did not expect tensions between Washington and Moscow over the suspension of Russia's military withdrawal from Lithuania to affect negotiations. Che rnomyrdin had earlier canceled a visit to the US owing to a row between the US and Russia over the planned sale of rocket technology by Russia to India. -Stephen Foye AWARE OF CRITICISM FROM THE RIGHT. Signaling an awareness of potential criticism from Russia's nationalist right for having "sold out" Russian national interests to the US, Chernomyrdin also stressed that the agreements with the US did not constitute "aid ," and said that Russia asked only equal access to world markets, particularly in the area of space technology. He said that cooperation with the US in space would bring Russian enterprises significant profits and would save jobs. In an apparent reference to NATO, Chernomyrdin called for an end to military blocs, suggesting that "blocs" should only be formed to promote joint economic goals. -Stephen Foye FEDOROV: CABINET OPPOSED TO CONCESSIONS. The former governor of Sakhalin, Valentin Fedorov, told Kyodo on 27 August that the overwhelming majority of Russian cabinet ministers opposes the return of any of the Kuril Islands to Japan and that Prime Minister Viktor Chernomyrdin had demonstrated clearly his understanding "that the Kuril Islands are ours." Fedorov, now an official at the Ministry of Economics, also said that the government would soon endorse a plan for the economic development of the islands a nd that maintaining their status as Russian territory is a precondition for that plan. Kyodo reported that Fedorov is in charge of that development. The phalanx of opposition that has lined up against concessions on the islands suggests that, once again, Boris Yeltsin will have little room to maneuver on the issue. -Stephen Foye PARLIAMENT RETRACTS RESTRICTIONS ON MISSIONARIES. The parliament retracted on 27 August its earlier attempt to restrict the activities of foreign missionaries in Russia. ITAR-TASS reported that the deputies accepted amendments proposed by Yeltsin, who ref used to sign the original draft law approved by the parliament in July. The amendments eliminate the first draft's ban on religious proselytizing by foreigners in Russia before they obtain state accreditation. The original legislation was supported by the Russian Orthodox Church, but severely criticized in the liberal Russian press and by religious and political figures abroad. The new draft law now goes back to Yeltsin for signature. -Vera Tolz RYABOV UNDER FIRE. The leadership of parliament has decided to include the question on the performance of deputy parliamentary chairman Nikolai Ryabov on the agenda of the next parliamentary session, Ekho Moskvy reported on 27 August. Ryabov-formerly an a lly of parliamentary speaker Ruslan Khasbulatov-has distanced himself from the parliamentary hard-liners after the April referendum and approached the camp of President Yeltsin. Khasbulatov stated that Ryabov has become "a bad deputy." Many hard-line depu ties have demanded that Ryabov be dismissed. -Alexander Rahr INGUSHETIA TO HOLD REFERENDUM ON LEAVING RUSSIA? INGUSH PRESIDENT RUSLAN AUSHEV SAID ON 27 AUGUST THAT, IF THE CONGRESS OF THE PEOPLE'S OF INGUSHETIA DECIDED ON 7-SEPTEMBER THAT INGUSHETIA SHOULD LEAVE RUSSIA, A REFERENDUM ON THE MATTER WOULD BE HELD TOWA RDS THE END OF SEPTEMBER, RADIO ROSSII AND RUSSIAN TELEVISION REPORTED. Aushev said it would be the only way out of the situation in which the republic found itself. Aushev maintained that the Russian leadership had done nothing to remedy the situation an d more than 64,000 Ingush refugees had still not been returned to their permanent places of residence in North Ossetia. -Ann Sheehy COMMISSION TO INVESTIGATE FOREIGN MINISTRY. Work on setting up a parliamentary commission to investigate the activities of the Russian Foreign Ministry is continuing. On 27-August, the parliament confirmed that a commission would operate to "study and tho roughly appraise the activities of the Foreign Ministry." The commission is to be chaired by Viktor Zhigulin, deputy chairman of the parliament's Council of the Republic. Among the other members, ITAR-TASS listed Evgenii Ambartsumov, Mikhail Astafev, Alek sandr Dzasokhov, Evgenii Kozhokin, and Ivan Shashiashvili. The creation of the commission has been discussed for some time. In view of Russia's current political climate and the unpopularity of Foreign Minister Andrei Kozyrev, the commission will probably spearhead attempts to discredit Russia's current foreign policy course, perhaps by seeking out wrong-doing and corruption. -Suzanne Crow TRANSCAUCASIA AND CENTRAL ASIA HEAVY TURNOUT IN AZERBAIJAN REFERENDUM. Armed units subordinate to the Azerbaijan Popular Front occupied Nakhichevan airport on 27 August and prevented the unloading of voting papers for the 29-August referendum, Assa-Irada reported; a further allegation that supporters of ousted President Abulfaz Elchibey attacked broadcasting facilities in Nakhichevan was refuted in a fax from Elchibey's headquarters to RFE/RL. Western agencies quoted Azerbaijani officials as claiming that more than 90 per cent of the e lectorate participated in the referendum, of whom the majority replied in the negative to the question: "Do you have confidence in President Abulfaz Elchibey?" Results are not expected for three days; but it is anticipated that the tacit affirmation of su pport for Supreme Soviet chairman Geidar Aliev will pave the way for new presidential elections. Elchibey, who had called for a boycott of the referendum on the grounds that it was illegal, was quoted by the Los Angeles Times on 30 August as claiming that voting had been rigged. -Liz Fuller GAMSAKHURDIA FORCES SEIZE THREE TOWNS IN WESTERN GEORGIA. Armed supporters of ousted Georgian President Zviad Gamsakhurdia armed with heavy artillery occupied the west Georgian towns of Senaki, Abasha and Khobi on 28 August, killing two people and taking a Georgian general hostage, Western agencies reported. On 29 August ITAR-TASS quoted Georgian parliament chairman Eduard Shevardnadze as threatening unspecified "grave consequences" if the rebels refused to withdraw. Mkhedrioni chairman Dzhaba Ioseliani t old Reuters his men were assembling in Poti ready to crush the rebels. -Liz Fuller ACRIMONIOUS DEBATE OVER NEW GEORGIAN GOVERNMENT. At a session of the Georgian parliament on 29 August, opposition deputies sharply criticized parliament chairman Eduard Shevardnadze's proposals for streamlining the government by reducing the number of min istries from 19 to 16 and abolishing the presidium of the Cabinet of Ministers, Radio Tbilisi reported. -Liz Fuller TURKEY ACCUSES ARMENIA OF SUPPORTING PKK. The Turkish Daily News has accused Armenia of cooperation with the Kurdish guerrilla organization PKK, according to the Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung of 28-August. The PKK is alleged to maintain six training camp s in Armenia. Armenia has consistently rejected such allegations, most recently in July of this year. Turkish Prime Minister Tansu Ciller is scheduled to visit Moscow next week to discuss the Karabakh crisis and prospects for Turkish-Russian economic coop eration, including the optimum route for the planned oil pipeline from Baku through Turkey, Reuters reported on 27-August. -Liz Fuller CIS COMMITTEE COMPLETES WORK ON DRAFT TREATY ON ECONOMIC UNION. At its session in Minsk on 27 August the CIS Coordinating-Consultative Committee completed work on the draft treaty on creating an economic union, ITAR-TASS reported. The draft will be presented to the CIS leaders at their summit on 7 September. Russian Deputy Prime Minister Aleksandr Shokhin said that all differences were resolved except whether the new body should be called a "community" or a "union." Shokhin also stated that Russia, Ukraine, a nd Belarus had agreed on closer integration despite the fact that it will be seen by some political forces as a partial abdication of sovereignty. Shokhin added that the number of countries drawing up the basic documents on the new economic community had been deliberately restricted in order to speed up the work, but other countries could adhere to the community later either fully or partially. -Ann Sheehy CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE "THE FINAL POLITICAL SOLUTION" TO THE BOSNIAN CRISIS IS HOW BOSNIAN SERB LEADER RADOVAN KARADZIC DESCRIBED THE GENEVA PEACE PLAN, WHICH THE BOSNIAN SERB PARLIAMENT ENDORSED IN A 28 AUGUST VOTE IN PALE NEAR SARAJEVO. International media added that he warne d the Muslims to accept the package or "lose everything." The mainly Muslim Bosnian parliament, however, agreed simply to take the proposal as a basis for further negotiations. They want the return of eight formerly Muslim-majority areas ethnically cleans ed by the Serbs, international guarantees that the plan will be rigorously put into place, and an Adriatic port of their own in place of the proposed access to a Croat port. Talks are slated to resume in Geneva on 30 August. -Patrick Moore CONTINUED ROWS AMONG CROATS OVER THE GENEVA PLAN . . . International media further reported that the parliament of the "Croatian Community of Herceg-Bosna" met on 28-August and formally proclaimed that polity a republic, following a decision taken earlier by the ruling party. The legislature, however, made no formal decision on the Geneva package, but authorized the delegation headed by Mate Boban to renegotiate for better terms in central Bosnia and Mostar. This formula partly reflects the rift between th e Herzegovinian Croats on the one hand, who are by and large happy with the plan except for the terms dealing with Mostar, and the Bosnian Croats on the other, who stand to give up permanently much of the land they lost in fighting with the Muslims since t he spring. Meanwhile, political strife continues in Croatia over what is often regarded as President Franjo Tudjman's one-sided support for the Herzegovinians at the expense not only of the Bosnians but also of Croatia's own interests. The latest issue of Nedjeljna Dalmacija calls for no further cooperation with the Serbs in Bosnia until Serbia and Montenegro first recognize Croatia in its Tito-era frontiers, 25% of which is now under Serb rebel control. Vjesnik of 28 August similarly quotes liberal opposi tion leader Drazen Budisa as saying that Croatia must first concern itself with its own territorial integrity, and only then with the future of Bosnia. -Patrick Moore . . . WHILE FIGHTING CONTINUES APACE. The BBC's Serbian Service on 30 August reports ongoing combat between Croats and Muslims around Gornji Vakuf and Kiseljak, and between Croats and Serbs on the one hand and Muslims on the other around Mostar. Muslims civilians in that city continue to block the departure of a UN relief convoy, and the Spanish commander has said that his 60 men are hostages. The Muslims say that the convoy's presence protects them from Croat attack, but UN officials are furious at the M uslims' behavior and the Spanish have refused to patrol the area as the Muslims want. -Patrick Moore YUGOSLAV ARMY GENERALS PURGED. Belgrade dailies and Radio and TV Belgrade reported on 27-August that 42 generals of the federal Yugoslav army, including the Chief of Staff Col. Gen. Zivota Panic, have been officially retired. The Supreme Defense Council of Yugoslavia announced the retirements last month but they were not acted upon until 26-August. The move leaves most army corps and other important military institutions without commanders. Speculation is rampant, and observes are pondering what effect the move will have on the political balance in the military. The latest reductions in force bring the number of generals down to the level foreseen in the major military reform earlier in the year. Some 170 generals and admirals have been retired since the s pring of 1992 and only 7-generals now remain in key positions. One is rector of the military academy, another is head of the military legal department, and the remaining five are field officers. The retirements have to an extent upset the political balance a nd may signal a political struggle within and around the Yugoslav Army. Moderates close to Gen. Panic are gone as well as hard-line generals who have been involved in the war in Bosnia and who are close to Serbian Radical Party leader Vojislav Seselj and paramilitary leader "Arkan." The new chief of staff, Lt. Gen. Momcilo Perisic, shows no strong political preferences but has combat experience in Croatia and eastern Herzegovina and was likely a compromise choice among key political forces in Belgrade-nam ely between Slobodan Milosevic and Seselj. The media describe Perisic as a skillful professional and well-respected officer. -Milan Andrejevich ALBANIAN SOCIALISTS RETURN TO PARLIAMENT. Zeri i Popullit reports on 28 August that after a two-month boycott, initiated originally because of delays over the drafting of a new constitution but with their resolve strengthened after the arrest of party lea der Fatos Nano, the Socialists are finally returning to parliament. It is clear that the members of the Socialist Party, the main opposition to Albania's ruling Democratic Party, feel that they can no longer afford to remain outside the legislature and be an effective political force. -Robert Austin POLAND DEVALUES THE ZLOTY. The Polish National Bank devalued the zloty by 8% against a weighted basket of Western currencies on 27 August, PAP reports. The average exchange rate for the US dollar rose to 19,728 zloty on 27 August. National Bank President Hanna Gronkiewicz-Waltz said the devaluation was necessary to reverse Poland's negative trade balance and halt the decline in hard currency reserves. Polish TV reports that the trade deficit has reached $1.5 billion. The devaluation is a boon to exporters but will make imports more expensive. Government officials predict that the devaluation will cause only minimal additional inflation of about 1%. The decision came shortly after the arrival of an IMF mission to assess Poland's compliance with the latest agr eement. The devaluation thus appears to have the IMF's assent. -Louisa Vinton SUCHOCKA BEGINS ELECTION CAMPAIGN. At a Democratic Union (UD) rally on 28-August, Prime Minister Hanna Suchocka formally joined her party's election campaign. The job of prime minister comes first, she said, adding that she will campaign only on weekends. In her speech to 500 candidates, Suchocka said the UD seeks agreement but will never accept "irrational economic decisions" forced on it by parties or the trade unions. The UD is "honesty and responsibility," she said. It does not make "empty promises" or accept "compromises at any price." UD leader Tadeusz Mazowiecki said that "there is no other path for Poland than to strengthen democracy and the social market economy." Labor Minister Jacek Kuron urged sealing "social pacts" to counter deep public dissa tisfaction. "Nothing can be achieved without social consensus," he noted. Tygodnik Powszechny editor Jerzy Turowicz drew loud applause when he defended the idea of an "ideologically neutral state," PAP reports. The two UD slogans stressed at the rally wer e: "the economy first" and "it's more pleasant with the UD." -Louisa Vinton COMMEMORATIONS OF SLOVAK NATIONAL UPRISING. Several thousand people attended ceremonies held on 29 August in Martin to commemorate the 49th anniversary of the Slovak uprising against the Nazis. TASR reports that in a speech to the gathering Prime Minister Vladimir Meciar expressed regret over the fate of those people who had fought fascism only later to suffer under yet another totalitarian regime. The premier also said that Slovakia is now seeking to join NATO, since it regards it as "the only effectivel y built structure in Europe." Slovakia, he said, wants to build a system that will protect the honor of the human being and offer equal rights and duties to everyone. Parliament Chairman Ivan Gasparovic and the Czech, US, and French ambassadors were also present at the ceremonies. On 27-August Czech President Vaclav Havel, Prime Minister Vaclav Klaus, and Parliament Chairman Milan Uhde participated in a banquet organized by the Slovak ambassador to Prague, Ivan Martjan, to commemorate the uprising. -Jiri Pehe KLAUS IN SWEDEN. Czech Prime Minister Vaclav Klaus left for a three-day official visit to Sweden, CTK reports on 29 August. He is scheduled to discuss economic and political cooperation with his Swedish counterpart Carl Bildt and with Foreign Minister Marg aretha af Ugglas. Klaus will also deliver a lecture at Stockholm's Institute for East European Economies and meet with Swedish business leaders. Before his departure from Prague, Klaus told journalists that he will seek to meet with German Chancellor Helm ut Kohl at a congress of the European Democratic Union in Budapest on 1 September. The prime minister said that he wants to learn from the chancellor whether it is true that he supports Sudeten German claims towards the Czech Republic. According to Klaus, Sudeten German representatives repeatedly claimed that Kohl is supporting their position. -Jan Obrman FRENCH DEFENSE MINISTER IN HUNGARY. On 26-27 August Francois Leotard paid an official visit to Hungary at the invitation of Hungarian Defense Minister Lajos Fur, MTI reports. Leotard also met with Prime Minister Jozsef Antall, President Arpad Goncz, and ot her ministers and members of the military. At a press conference Leotard said that the time has not come yet to admit the countries of Eastern Europe into NATO, but he also stressed that Paris is not against Hungary's NATO membership. He suggested that su ch decisions must be made at NATO's expanded meeting planned for next January. Leotard outlined a comprehensive European security plan worked out by Prime Minister Edouard Balladur that would include talks about the fate of European minorities and border questions. Leotard expressed his government's recognition and appreciation of the way Hungary has handled the problems encountered as a result of the Yugoslav conflict. -Judith Pataki HUNGARIAN MEDIA WORKS ON ELECTION CODE. At the initiative of Magyar Hirlap, several press organs, including Hungarian Radio and TV and the two journalists' unions, held a meeting on 29 August to work out a media code of ethics during the next national ele ctions, MTI reports. The participants accepted guidelines on reporting findings of opinion polls and agreed upon the way to treat political advertisement. The discussions are expected to continue. -Judith Pataki CABINET RESHUFFLE IN ROMANIA. A long-awaited reorganization of the minority cabinet was made public on 28 August. The reshuffle, which involved four ministers and several deputy ministers, has been generally perceived as mostly cosmetic. Most significant we re the appointment of Mircea Cosea, a university economist, as head of the Council for Economic Coordination, Strategy and Reform in the place of Misu Negritoiu, who was named an advisor to President Ion Iliescu, and the replacement of Trade Minister Cons tantin Teculescu with Cristian Ionescu, a former trade attache. Prime Minister Nicolae Vacaroiu said that the changes are meant to speed up privatization and reform. The two other ministers who lost their seats were Culture Minister Mihai Golu and Youth a nd Sports Minister Gheorghe Angelescu. They were replaced by Petre Salcudeanu, a writer, and Alexandru Mironov, a former Iliescu spokesman. -Dan Ionescu MOLDOVANS ON RUSSIA'S POLICY. President Mircea Snegur told Nezavisimaya Moldova of 27 August, the second anniversary of Moldova's independence, that Russia's political preconditions to the withdrawal of its troops from Moldova contravene Russia's obligati ons under international law and reduce the chances of a peaceful political solution to the Dniester conflict. By linking an eventual withdrawal to the grant of a special political status to the Transdniester, Moscow encourages Tiraspol to persist in demand ing Moldova's confederalization, creating "a vicious circle without an end in sight. "Reactionary and reformist forces in Russia, while in conflict internally, "sometimes agree in asserting Russia's strategic interests in this or that region of Eurasia." T he negotiations on Transdniester test "the real intentions and plans of Russia's leadership regarding Moldova's independence," Snegur said. Meanwhile, Anatol Taran, Moldova's ambassador to Russia, told a news conference in Moscow on the second anniversary of Moldova's independence that Moldova insists on the withdrawal of Russia's 14th Army by 1 July 1994, Ostankino TV and Russian TV reported. While Russia makes the withdrawal contingent on a political resolution of the conflict, the presence of that army enables the Transdniester leaders "to deliberately raise unacceptable demands" and "foil every effort to settle the situation." -Vladimir Socor BULGARIANS MARK 50TH ANNIVERSARY OF KING'S DEATH. Several thousand Bulgarians gathered at the Rila Monastery on 28 August to commemorate the death of King Boris III, who died in 1943. Led by Patriarch Maksim, the head of the Bulgarian Orthodox Church, the memorial service was attended by Boris's widow, former Queen Ioanna, and her daughter Marie-Louise. Ioanna, who along with her children was forced into exile by the communist government, is on her first visit to the country in 47 years. Before the ceremon y, bystanders chanted their support for restoring the monarchy in Bulgaria. -Kjell Engelbrekt UKRAINIAN REFORMIST MINISTER RESIGNS. In a TV interview on 27 August, the deputy prime minister in charge of economic reform, Viktor Pynzenyk, announced his resignation, agencies report. Pynzenyk said he is quitting because the conservative parliament is making it impossible to implement economic reform, and because Prime Minister Leonid Kuchma has lost control of the situation. He specifically cited the new currency regulations that require exporters to exchange half of their hard-currency earnings at a fi xed rate with the national bank (a decision taken "behind his back") as prompting his resignation. In addition, Pynzenyk said that while Ukraine's enormous debt to Russia requires urgent measures, no formal economic reform plan has been approved. Pynzenyk was the government's main advocate of market reforms and enjoyed the support of Western financial experts. He said his decision to resign was taken without consulting those around him, and insisted that it was final. Following Pynzenyk's resignation, Prime Minister Kuchma predicted that the fall of his government was imminent, Reuters reported on 29 August. He said Pynzenyk's statement shows that it is impossible to create an economic reform program that would be accepted by parliament. The key to progress , he said, is to replace the parliament, which enjoys less than 20% popular support according to polls. -Ustina Markus RUSSIAN TROOPS TO LEAVE LITHUANIA BY END OF MONTH. On 30 August President Algirdas Brazauskas announced that in a telephone conversation with Boris Yeltsin it was agreed that the Russian troops would depart Lithuania by the end of August, Radio Lithuania reports. He said that a summit meeting with Yeltsin will be held in September at which a most-favored-nation trade agreement between the two countries will be discussed further. The question of compensation for damages would also be a topic for discussion . -Saulius Girnius BALTIC SUMMIT. On 27 August presidents Lennart Meri (Estonia), Guntis Ulmanis (Latvia), and Algirdas Brazauskas (Lithuania) held a summit meeting in Jurmala along with the countries' premiers and defense ministers, Radio Lithuania reports. The presidents issued statements on the withdrawal of Russian troops from their territories and on the intention to integrate into the European Community as well as the text of a letter to UN Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali requesting the appointment of a specia l official to assist the resolution of problems on the withdrawal. The premiers decided to sign a tripartite free trade agreement at their next meeting on 13 September in Tallinn. The defense ministers signed a declaration of cooperation in security matter s and a trilateral defense cooperation treaty may also be signed at the premiers' upcoming meeting. -Saulius Girnius TALLINN'S LARGEST DAILY NEWSPAPER PRIVATIZED. On 27 August Estonian Centrist Party Chairman Edgar Savisaar issued a statement calling the decision by the Privatization Agency to sell Rahva Haal to the Maag joint stock company "a political and economic sca ndal," BNS reports. Savisaar said that even though the Hommikuleht joint stock company had submitted a higher bid, Maag won because of its direct links with the ruling Pro Patria Party. Maag's plans to invest 7 million kroons into the paper, much more tha n Hommikuleht, may have been a factor in the council's decision. -Saulius Girnius [As of 1200 CET] Compiled by Erik Whitlock and Charles Trumbull THE RFE/RL DAILY REPORT IS PRODUCED BY THE RFE/RL RESEARCH INSTITUTE (A DIVISION OF RADIO FREE EUROPE/RADIO LIBERTY, INC.) with the assistance of the RFE/RL News and Current Affairs Division (NCA). The report is available by electronic mail via LISTSERV ( RFERL-L@UBVM.CC.BUFFALO.EDU), on the Sovset' computer bulletin board, by fax, and by postal mail. For inquiries about specific news items, subscriptions, or additional copies, please contact: in North America: Mr. Brian Reed, RFE/RL, Inc., 1201 Connecticut Avenue NW, Washington, DC-20036 Telephone: (202) 457-6912 or -6907; Fax: (202) 457-6992 or 828-8783; Internet: RIDC@RFERL.ORG or Elsewhere: Ms. Helga Hofer, Publications Department, RFE/RL Research Institute, Oettingenstrasse 67, 80538 Munich, Germany;.Telephone: (+49 89) 2102-2631 or -2624; Fax: (+49 89) 2102-2648, Internet: PD@RFERL.ORG 1993, RFE/RL, Inc. All rights reserved.31 August 1993 1 31 August 1993 1 RFE/RL Research Institute RFE/RL Daily Report, No. 166 RFE/RL Research Institute RFE/RL Daily Report, No. 166 RFE/RL Research Institute RFE/RL Daily Report, No. 166
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