|I have learned that success is to be measured not so much by the position that one has reached in life as by the obstacles which he has overcome while trying to succeed. - Booker T. Washington|
No. 163, 26 August 1993
Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, Inc. RUSSIA GOVERNMENT TO OVERRULE PARLIAMENT ON BUDGET? AT THE CABINET MEETING ON 25-AUGUST, FINANCE MINISTER BORIS FEDOROV PROPOSED THAT THE GOVERNMENT ADOPT A BUDGET FOR 1993 WITHOUT PARLIAMENTARY APPROVAL AND TAKE CONTROL OF THE RUSSIAN CENTRAL BANK FOR A SIX-MONTH PERIOD, ACCORDING TO REUTERS CITING POSTFACTUM. With nearly two-thirds of the budget year already past, government and parliament have been deadlocked on virtually all major items of revenue and expenditure in the budget. It was not clear whether Fedorov's proposal was adopted. Parliament is expected to debate the budget again on 27 August. -Keith Bush OBSERVERS SUGGEST YELTSIN'S IMPEACHMENT IMMINENT. Two Russian newspapers, Nezavisimaya gazeta and Kommersant-daily, published articles on 25-August suggesting that an extraordinary session of the Congress of People's Deputies will be called in the near future to impeach President Boris Yeltsin if he refuses to pass the budget law after its second reading in parliament on 27 August. According to the constitution, the president must sign a bill after having returned it once to parliament, even if the parliament refuses to take account of his objections to it. Yeltsin has stated that he will never sign the budget law in its current form. Another pretext for impeachment, according to Nezavisimaya gazeta, could be the anticipated presidential decree establishing the Federation Council, but, the paper noted, the Constitutional Court, whose participation is essential in the impeachment procedure, is more likely to rule against Yeltsin on the budget issue. -Wendy Slater POCHINOK VIEWS BUDGET BATTLE. Aleksandr Pochinok, head of the Parliament's budget commission, gave his assessment of Yeltsin's chances for scaling down the 22.4-trillion-ruble deficit currently included in the parliament's 1993 budget law to correspondents from ITAR-TASS and Kommersant-Daily on 25 August. Although expressing optimism that a compromise could be reached, he criticized Yeltsin for the lack of concrete proposals on how to significantly decrease the size of the deficit. Pochinok, who was called from vacation to help resolve the budget struggle, was vague about how dangerous he himself thought the parliament's budget was. ITAR-TASS quotes Pochinok as describing Yeltsin's concerns about the size of the deficit as justified. However, according to Kommersant-Daily, the commission head is not worried that the Parliament's version would worsen the country's financial health because, in his opinion, the tax revenue estimates are too low. -Erik Whitlock GLAZYEV'S RESIGNATION REFUSED. The cabinet on 25 August refused to accept the resignation of Foreign Economic Relations Minister Sergei Glazyev, which he had tendered on 21 August, AFP reported. He was, however, severely reprimanded for what the anti-corruption commission called "a series of major flaws and malpractice in his ministry's work." Glazyev was also rebuked for making what the cabinet regarded as "improper statements" in the media and elsewhere about his colleagues. The minister's submission of his resignation had occasioned considerable protest and support for his retention on the part of the media and business organizations. -Keith Bush FOUNDATION REBUFFS CHARGES AGAINST RUTSKOI. Aleksandr Korovnikov, the president of the "Revival" foundation, held a news conference on 25-August at which he rebuffed the charges of embezzlement against the foundation and its second head, Vice-President Aleksandr Rutskoi. The charges had been made the day before by Andrei Makarov, chairman of the Presidential Commission on Corruption, in an interview with Ostankino television. Korovnikov said that all accusations against Rutskoi were false "from the beginning to the end," and alleged that Rutskoi's signature on a Swiss bank account, which had been produced by Makarov, was a forgery. Korovnikov said that all of the alleged wrong-doings of "Revival" had been committed either in 1990-91, i.e., during Yeltsin's tenure as the foundation's first president, or with the president's approval. Korovnikov went even as far as to say that the charges against the foundation were a conspiracy coming from corrupt elements in Yeltsin's immediate entourage against Yeltsin himself. -Julia Wishnevsky DEMOCRATS FIGHT FOR EARLY PARLIAMENTARY ELECTIONS. The bloc "Russia's Choice", which unites democrats, favors early parliamentary elections to be held in November or December 1993. Lev Ponomarev, co-leader of the Democratic Russia Movement, told ITAR-TASS on 25 August that the next Congress of People's Deputies should adopt a provisional constitutional act and a new electoral law to provide for early elections. He said that democratic organizations should simultaneously collect signatures for holding a referendum on new elections in case the Congress rejects early elections. He further stated that if the Congress decides against holding a referendum, the president could order elections by issuing a special decree. -Alexander Rahr COMMUNIST PARTY CALLS FOR UNITY. The presidium of the Central Executive Committee (CEC) of the Communist Party of the Russian Federation (CP-RF) said at a news conference on 25 August, reported by ITAR-TASS, that a "revived and united communist party" was being formed that would "unite communist-statists . . . who consider their main aim the preservation of Russia's unity and the gradual recreation of a union state." The CP-RF currently unites most but not all of the communist parties formed after the disintegration of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU), and recently claimed a membership of 600,000. It was not clear whether it envisaged the recreation of the Soviet communist party. Gennadii Zyuganov, chairman of the CEC, said that conditions were not yet ripe for fresh elections, and that "only the radical democrats needed them." -Wendy Slater NUMERICALLY SMALL PEOPLES WANT GREATER PROTECTION OF THEIR INTERESTS. Evdokiya Gaer, Secretary General of the Association of Numerically Small Peoples of Russia, told ITAR-TASS on 25 August that the association had been forced to conclude that the indigenous inhabitants of the North, Siberia, and the Far East had suffered most from the reforms in Russia. She complained that legislation defining the status of their territories had not been adopted, and that Russia had still not ratified the ILO convention on indigenous peoples. Gaer said that she was the only representative of these peoples at Yeltsin's constitutional conference and, though she had persuaded her working group to include in the draft constitution mention of their land rights, which are essential to their survival, she was not sure that the other participants of the conference would support this amendment. -Ann Sheehy NO MONEY FOR MIG-29M. Articles appearing subsequently in Krasnaya zvezda (17 and 20-August) indicate that the new MiG fighter jet, the production of which was said in a 16-August "Vesti" report to have been discontinued (see the 17 August Daily Report), was actually the MiG-29M. Considered by many to be the finest light jet fighter in the world, the aircraft has apparently fallen victim to the financial difficulties of its maker, the Mikoyan production complex. Krasnaya zvezda reports that the plane has been fully tested and that production awaits only the necessary financing. -Stephen Foye TRANSCAUCASIA AND CENTRAL ASIA ARMENIAN, TURKMEN PRESIDENTS SIGN BILATERAL AGREEMENTS. The Presidents of Armenia and Turkmenistan, Levon Ter-Petrossyan and Saparmurad Niyazov, signed a friendship treaty and a series of bilateral agreements on economic and cultural cooperation, including one on resuming desperately needed supplies of gas to Armenia, during talks in Ashgabat on 24-August, ITAR-TASS reported. -Liz Fuller CAR BOMB EXPLODES NEAR THE HOME OF THE FORMER UZBEK VICE PRESIDENT. A car bomb exploded near the Tashkent home of the ex-vice president of Uzbekistan, Shukrulla Mirsaidov, RFE/RL learned on 25 August. Mirsaidov who was not injured in the incident, told RFE/RL by telephone that he believes Uzbek authorities were responsible for the bombing. He alleged that his home had been under surveillance by Uzbek police authorities for some time. The Uzbek foreign ministry later told RFE/RL that it had no information on the incident. The US Embassy in Tashkent verified that a bombing indeed took place, but said it had no other details. Mirsaidov, who is one of the leaders of the Democratic Movement Forum, had been tried and convicted for corruption on 18 June and immediately amnestied. -Yalcin Tokgozoglu JAPAN PLANS A PIPELINE THROUGH CENTRAL ASIA, CHINA. Japan wants to build a mammoth oil and gas pipeline to bring Central Asian petroleum products to the Pacific rim countries, Reuters reported on 22-August. Japan will ask Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan to participate in this project which involves constructing a 6,000 km. (3,700 miles) pipeline stretching from Central Asia to the Pacific through China. The Japanese Trade Ministry will begin conducting a feasibility study in the near future, before forming a promotional organization along with Japan National Oil Corp and leading trading establishments. This project signals Japan's deepening interest in the oil industry in the region where it is already helping to build a refinery in Bukhara. -Yalcin Tokgozoglu CIS UKRAINIAN DIPLOMAT ON RELATIONS WITH RUSSIA. On 25 August Ukrainian TV broadcast an interview with Oleh Bai, a counselor and envoy of the Ukrainian embassy in Moscow. Commenting on the state of Ukrainian-Russian relations, he said that the old "mentality of the Soviet Union" still cast a shadow over them, and that in Moscow the "old attitude" towards "what they stubbornly continue to refer to . . . as the capitals of the former Union republics" remains. Bai said that he is frequently asked in Moscow, "When will you [Ukraine] return." It was imperative, he maintained, that Ukrainian-Russian relations be steered along the course of their "stabilization" based on mutual respect for each other as independent states. Bai warned, however, that Ukraine should carefully follow political developments in Russia because in his view the tensions in Russia were growing and would sooner or later peak. "We have to be very attentive," he said, "[and] very cautious. . . ." -Bohdan Nahaylo MOROZOV PROPOSES REVIEWING CONVICTED SERVICEMENS' CASES WITH RUSSIA. The Ukrainian Minister of Defense, Konstantin Morozov, proposed to his Russian counterpart, Pavel Grachev, that they ask the supreme courts of their countries to review cases of servicemen sentenced under Soviet law, Ukrainian TV reported on 25 August. An RFE/RL correspondent reported that no exchange of prisoners with Russia was being proposed, the aim was rather to win the release of prisoners. The immediate reason for proposing the review is the case of three Ukrainian officers who served in Germany and were convicted of treason and espionage. A statement by the press service of the Ukrainian Ministry of Defense said that while the crimes some servicemen committed may have been harmful to the national interests of the Soviet Union, under the current situation they would not be considered a threat to the national interests of Ukraine or Russia. Furthermore, some convictions were fabricated for political reasons. -Ustina Markus CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE YELTSIN: NO OBJECTIONS TO POLISH NATO MEMBERSHIP. "In the new Russian-Polish relations, there is no place for hegemony and diktat, the psychology of a 'big brother' and a 'little brother,'" Russian President Boris Yeltsin told a press conference in Warsaw at the close of his official visit to Poland on 25 August. The crowning achievement of the visit was Yeltsin's assurance that Russia does not object to eventual Polish membership in NATO (apparently the result of hard bargaining on the Polish side). The joint declaration signed by Yeltsin and Polish President Lech Walesa says that membership in NATO is a decision for a sovereign Poland and does not conflict with Russia's interests. Polish officials used this assurance as an occasion to press NATO for a formal offer of membership. In comments broadcast on Polish TV, Polish Foreign Minister Krzysztof Skubiszewski said that the alliance "must open itself to new members." Presidential spokesman Andrzej Drzycimski argued that "now the West has no argument to say no to Poland," the New York Times reports on 26-August. Yeltsin also announced that the remaining Russian troops in Poland will depart by October 1993, three months ahead of schedule. Yeltsin said he hopes this will be a "farewell of friends." -Louisa Vinton TRADE AGREEMENTS AND SYMBOLIC GESTURES. During Yeltsin's visit, the two presidents signed a new trade treaty that replaces the outdated Soviet-Polish agreement from 1945. The treaty grants both sides most-favored-nation status. An agreement on the construction of a natural gas pipeline stretching from Russia to Germany was also signed. The cost of the Polish segment is estimated at $3.5 billion, PAP reports. Polish Prime Minister Hanna Suchocka has called it the "investment of the century." Several other cooperation agreements were signed, but the issues of mutual debt and war cemeteries and monuments remain unresolved. The rapport between Yeltsin and Walesa was clearly good, and the two presidents pledged to resolve unsettled issues quickly. In a gesture of reconciliation likely to stir Polish gratitude, Yeltsin laid a wreath at the monument to the victims of the Katyn massacre in Warsaw's Powazki Cemetery. He met with representatives of the Federation of Katyn Families and reportedly asked for forgiveness for the murder of 21,000 Polish officers at Soviet hands in 1940. Yeltsin also turned over documents reflecting Soviet party deliberations on Poland during the period preceding the imposition of martial law in 1981. -Louisa Vinton HAVEL, YELTSIN TO SIGN FRIENDSHIP TREATY. Reversing its earlier stance, the Czech government recommended on 25 August that President Vaclav Havel sign a treaty on friendly relations and cooperation during Russian President Yeltsin's short visit to Prague on the 26th. Previously Czech officials had said that the treaty is unlikely to be signed because negotiators are still working on it and because the Czech government prefers it to be signed during an official visit. Prime Minister Vaclav Klaus told the media that the treaty closely resembles one signed between former Czechoslovakia and Russia in 1992. Foreign Minister Josef Zieleniec rejected media allegations that the government changed its stance under pressure from Russian diplomats. However, he admitted that "the Russian side showed great interest in signing the treaty during Yeltsin's visit" and that it is important "to make a gesture of support for democratic forces in Russia." Other agreements to be signed during Yeltsin's visit are one on trade, economic, and scientific relations and one on deliveries of goods in 1993. An agreement on cooperation between the Czech and the Russian armies is to be signed at a later date. -Jiri Pehe CONVOY REACHES MOSTAR. The US Air Force dropped 37 tons of relief aid to besieged Muslims in Mostar on 26 August, while a UN convoy entered the city and distributed 200 tons of food and 10 tons of medicine, international agencies report. Spanish peacekeepers accompanied the convoy, which was blocked by Croat civilians for several hours on 25-August. The Croat forces, who had been blocking the convoy, let it through, but then, after an exchange of war dead at the Mostar airport, Croat civilians blocked it. Finally, Muslim civilians sought to prevent the relief vehicles from leaving the city, provoking angry exchanges between UN officials and local leaders, who argued that the presence of the UN offers the only protection for the Muslims. Elsewhere, the French captain of a UN peacekeeping unit was seriously wounded on Mt. Igman overlooking Sarajevo during an attack of Bosnian forces, who later said it was an error. -Fabian Schmidt CROATIAN DILEMMAS OVER BOSNIA. President Franjo Tudjman's support for joining the Serbs in what amounts to a partition of the neighboring republic has apparently been based on his assumption that he and Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic could then work out a general solution for Serb-Croat differences. The key to this would be Belgrade's support of Zagreb at the expense of the Krajina Serb rebels, but the 24 August Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung warns that this looks like wishful thinking on Tudjman's part since Serb cooperation has not been forthcoming. Vecernji list of 26-August goes on to quote Slavko Degoricija, Croatia's chief negotiator with the rebels, as saying that not only are the Serbs not showing any interest in a settlement, but that they are using the possible approach of peace in Bosnia to beef up their forces in Krajina. He notes the recent arrival in rebel-held territory from Bosnia of 6-7,000 Serbian troops and officers, mainly from Serbia proper. Vjesnik, moreover, reports that a group of 10-Croatian opposition parties have condemned the Geneva plan as unfair to Croats and Muslims and as rewarding "Serbian aggression." Finally, on 24 August Berlin's Die Tageszeitung carries a bleak report on the situation of the nearly 200,000 Croat civilians in central Bosnia who are cut off by Muslim troops. -Patrick Moore WORLD COURT STARTS HEARINGS ON BOSNIA. The World Court in the Hague began hearing accusations by Bosnia that rump Yugoslavia has continued to back a campaign of genocide. Lawyers for Bosnia also asked the court to declare the arms embargo against Bosnia is illegal. Bosnian UN ambassador Mohamed Sacirbey said the international community has failed to find the will to stop Serbian aggression. He charged some members of the EC and the UN Security Council of having used their influence to maintain an "unjust and genocide-abetting arms embargo." He added that the Geneva peace plan for Bosnia was forcing the Bosnian government to negotiate with the perpetrators of genocide, international agencies report on 26 August. Elsewhere, mediator Lord Owen urged the West to support the plan. Owen said that Western support is needed before the Muslims will agree to it. Finally, the BBC reports that UN officials say there is no money to fund the proposed UN operation to bring the Geneva plan into effect. -Fabian Schmidt "SIR RADOVAN OF SARAJEVO," IS HOW BORBA OF 26-AUGUST DESCRIBES BOSNIAN SERB LEADER RADOVAN KARADZIC, WHO HAS JUST BEEN MADE A KNIGHT IN THE PRIVATE ORDER OF ST. Dionysius, which is supposedly close to the "Greco-Romanian Orthodox Church." The article goes on to say, however, that Borba's investigators found this to be "an unknown order of an unknown church," and adds that, in any event, it is more than ironic that a knighthood for "promoting peace in the world" should actually go to the "man who killed Sarajevo." The Sueddeutsche Zeitung notes that Karadzic was honored for his "services and humanitarian achievements" as an "exemplary son of our Lord Jesus Christ and of the Orthodox faith," who earned his knighthood as a "moral and visible reward for virtues that have been respected and admired through the ages." Borba suggests that a Serbian-American businessman was instrumental in obtaining the honor for Karadzic, a professional psychiatrist whose recent laurels also include a Montenegrin prize for his poetry. -Patrick Moore RULING SLOVAK PARTY WILL CONTINUE POLITICAL TALKS. In a 25 August press conference of the Movement for a Democratic Slovakia, Deputy Chairman Roman Zelenay said his party will continue to hold political talks with parliamentary and extraparliamentary parties. The first meeting will be with the Party of the Democratic Left, although Zelenay said the MDS "does not intend to create a coalition with the PDL," TASR reports. Concerning a coalition with the Slovak National Party, the chairman of the MDS deputies' club, Ivan Laluha, said a cooperation agreement with the party at the deputy level can be made "even if the [formal] coalition agreement with the SNP fails." In reference to the cabinet's proposal to dismiss ambassador to Austria Rudolf Filkus, Zelenay said "it is the right of the government." -Sharon Fisher HUNGARIAN PARTIES TO TRY TO COOPERATE. At the initiative of the Hungarian Socialist Party, representatives of 16 parties met on 25 August to discuss the principles of "an honest and inexpensive campaign" for next year's national elections, MTI reports. The meeting was not well attended, and both the Hungarian Democratic Forum and the Christian Democratic Peoples' Party refused to attend. The meetings to work out a mutually acceptable code of ethics are expected to continue. On the same day, the interim head of the Party of Hungarian Justice and Life called on the participants of a forum of populist national forces in Szarszo to put their differences aside in the interest of the nation and cooperate by forming a Christian-social election union. -Judith Pataki HUNGARIAN AIRLINE MECHANICS STRIKE. Since 6-p.m. on 25 August some 40 mechanics at MALEV, the state airlines, are on strike, MTI and Radio Budapest report. MALEV has offered its workers a 22% increase for this year and a further 10% increase for each of the next two years, which the mechanics refuse to accept. The airline's main problem is its new agreement with the Lockheed Corporation, which has not brought in the expected orders from abroad. MALEV's profits are down and large pay increases are impossible, company officials say. -Judith Pataki ROMANIAN NATIONALISTS WARN ILIESCU OVER ROAD SIGNS. In a statement broadcast by Radio Bucharest on 25 August the Party of Romanian National Unity threatened to start moves to impeach President Ion Iliescu and initiate a vote of no-confidence in the cabinet in case the authorities go ahead with plans to make language concessions to ethnic minorities. The government's Council for Minorities decided last week to draft a law allowing bilingual signs in minority areas. Nationalists say that the move would mainly benefit ethnic Hungarians in Transylvania and the Banat, whom they accuse of plotting to break away and join Hungary. The PRNU, which describes the council's decision as "unconstitutional," reiterated charges against that body for allegedly seeking "to trigger a civil war in Romania based on artificially created ethnic conflicts." In a joint letter to Iliescu and Premier Nicolae Vacaroiu, the Mures County branches of the PRNU, the Vatra Romaneasca organization, and the Greater Romania Party said that "all Romanians will vehemently protest" the adoption of bilingual signs and the setting up of separate schools and faculties for the Hungarian minority. -Dan Ionescu RAU IN ROMANIA. Johannes Rau, Prime Minister of North Rhine-Westphalia and a leading figure in Germany's Social-Democratic Party, paid a two-day official visit to Romania. Radio Bucharest reported that on 24 August in Timisoara Rau discussed cooperation with local authorities, including assistance for modernizing hospitals and orphanages in the Banat. That region still has a considerable German minority, despite massive emigration in recent years. On 25 August Rau was received in Bucharest by President Iliescu, Premier Vacaroiu and Chamber of Deputies Chairman Adrian Nastase. He also met leading figures in the opposition. With a turnover of $1.3 billion a year, Germany is Romania's main trade partner. North Rhine-Westphalia ranks first among the German states in bilateral economic ties. -Dan Ionescu FORMER QUEEN IOANNA VISITS BULGARIA. On 25-August Bulgaria's former queen, Ioanna, arrived in Sofia for a ten-day visit after being away from Bulgaria for 47 years, Reuters reports. Traveling with her daughter, Princess Maria-Luisa, Ioanna will mark the 50th anniversary of the death of her husband, King Boris III in 1943. On 28 August Ioanna will attend a memorial service for Boris at the Rila Monastery, but a heart thought to be the king's was buried a few days before her arrival so as not to cause unnecessary political tensions. Ioanna, who stresses that she is visiting privately, was nonetheless greeted at the airport by Orthodox Church leaders and Sofia's mayor, Aleksandar Yanchulev. She is also scheduled to meet President Zhelyu Zhelev. -Stan Markotich UKRAINIAN PARLIAMENT MEETS ON REFERENDUM. Parliament convened in a special session on 26-August to review its earlier decision, made in the summer under pressure from a miners' strike, to hold a referendum on 26 September on confidence in the parliament and president. The session, which was broadcast live by Ukrainian Radio, opened with a stormy debate about the political and economic crisis in which the country finds itself. -Bohdan Nahaylo LEBED BECOMING PROCONSUL? INTERVIEWED IN PRAVDA OF 24 AUGUST, LT. Gen. Aleksandr Lebed, commander of Russia's 14th Army in Moldova, claims to have been authorized to discharge some political functions by his superiors in Moscow. "I have taken on, and strive to rigorously fulfill, the roles of peacekeeper, diplomat, and neutral party. I have asked [in Moscow] for some kind of diplomatic confirmation, since I am simultaneously the commander, ambassador, adviser-delegate, and military attache. This request has now been granted," Lebed said. He went on to describe conditions in his army as superior to those prevailing in Russia's armed forces in general; praised the Transdniester Russians' attitude toward his army as "extremely, extremely warm, the same as it used to be toward the Soviet army"; and dismissed the army of Moldova as "not worth a broken penny, it has got nothing to make it a real army." -Vladimir Socor RUSSIAN MILITARY WARNS BALTICS OF SHARPER CONFLICTS. A statement to the press from the Riga-based command of Russia's Northwestern Group of Forces warns the Baltic States of "serious consequences" if individuals or groups [from the available Baltic media reports of 24 August, it is not clear who was meant] try to settle accounts with the Russian military. Claiming that extreme nationalist forces in Lithuania are attempting to polarize the situation there, the statement asserts that the army units stationed in Lithuania have sufficient means to defend themselves and their families and "to ensure the inviolability of the Russian state border." -Dzintra Bungs EC STATEMENT ON BALTIC TROOP WITHDRAWAL. The European Community issued a statement urging Russia and the three Baltic States not to link Russian troop withdrawal to any other issues, BNS reported on 25 August. It noted that Lithuania would not benefit from making unrealistic demands for compensation that would only strengthen the position of hard-liners in Russia. At a press conference on 26 August, broadcast live by Radio Lithuania, Parliament Chairman Ceslovas Jursenas said that Lithuania cannot give up its demands for compensations, since the people overwhelmingly approved them in a referendum last year. Lithuania has, however, not decided what tactics to use to gain them or even how much money to ask for, he noted. -Saulius Girnius SOME LITHUANIAN-RUSSIAN TALKS CONTINUING. At a press conference on 25 August Virgilijus Bulovas, the head of the Lithuanian delegation negotiating with Russia, said that he is optimistic that the Russian troops will not remain long in Lithuania, Radio Lithuania reports. He noted that although there would not be any formal delegation talks soon, while the Russian delegation's head, Viktor Isakov, will be on vacation for two weeks, working groups dealing with military transit from Germany to Russia, pensions for retired Russian servicemen, and trade cooperation are still meeting. -Saulius Girnius BALTIC FREE TRADE ACCORD INITIALED. Estonian, Latvian, and Lithuanian foreign ministry officials initialed a tripartite free trade agreement on 25 August, Baltic media reported. A Lithuanian Foreign Ministry spokeswoman said that the treaty resembles accords signed by the EFTA countries. -Dzintra Bungs [As of 1200 CET] Compiled by Ustina Markus and Charles Trumbull THE RFE/RL DAILY REPORT IS PRODUCED BY THE RFE/RL RESEARCH INSTITUTE (A DIVISION OF RADIO FREE EUROPE/RADIO LIBERTY, INC.) with the assistance of the RFE/RL News and Current Affairs Division (NCA). The report is available by electronic mail via LISTSERV (RFERL-L@UBVM.CC.BUFFALO.EDU), on the Sovset' computer bulletin board, by fax, and by postal mail. For inquiries about specific news items, subscriptions, or additional copies, please contact: in North America: Mr. Brian Reed, RFE/RL, Inc., 1201 Connecticut Avenue NW, Washington, DC-20036 Telephone: (202) 457-6912 or -6907; Fax: (202) 457-6992 or 828-8783; Internet: RIDC@RFERL.ORG or Elsewhere: Ms. Helga Hofer, Publications Department, RFE/RL Research Institute, Oettingenstrasse 67, 80538 Munich, Germany;.Telephone: (+49 89) 2102-2631 or -2624; Fax: (+49 89) 2102-2648, Internet: PD@RFERL.ORG 1993, RFE/RL, Inc. All rights reserved.
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