|The greatest happiness is to know the source of unhappiness. - Dostoevsky|
No. 158, 19 August 1993
RUSSIA YELTSIN HOLDS NEWS CONFERENCE. President Boris Yeltsin' news conference marking the second anniversary of the attempted coup was broadcast live on Russian TV on 19 August. In his speech, Yeltsin lambasted the Russian parliament for blocking reforms and the constitutional process and, in answer to a question, he said that the greatest error he had committed in the two years since August 1991 had been not to call parliamentary elections immediately after the coup. He called the parliament "anti-democratic" and a threat to national security. He said that although the results of the April referendum had effectively decided the outcome of the fight between the legislative and executive structures, the struggle had escalated in the succeeding months. The ideal solution, Yeltsin said, would be fresh parliamentary elections and the promulgation of a new constitution in the fall, but this was unlikely to happen as a gradualist approach was needed. Answering a question about his predictions for the new parliament, Yeltsin said he expected it to be "businesslike and intellectual," and described the proposed Federation Council as a prototype of the upper house. Wendy Slater, RFE/RL, Inc. SHUMEIKO JUSTIFIES PRESIDENTIAL DECREE ON ELECTIONS. First Deputy Prime Minister Vladimir Shumeiko said at a news conference on 18 August, reported by ITAR-TASS, that President Yeltsin would be fully justified in calling early parliamentary elections by decree if the Russian parliament refused to call them itself. Shumeiko gave as the reason for this assertion the results of the April referendum, which demonstrated that the people supported the president, but not the legislature. Since the people were the basis of democracy in the Russian Federation, according to the Constitution, the President could legitimately call fresh elections, especially as "further political confrontation will affect the security of the state." Shumeiko suggested that elections could thus precede the promulgation of a new constitution. Wendy Slater, RFE/RL, Inc. KHASBULATOV ON PRESIDENCY, LAW ENFORCEMENT. Parliamentary chairman Ruslan Khasbulatov appeared live on Russian TV on 18 August to answer viewers' questions. When asked whether the Congress of People's Deputies planned to rescind its decision introducing the presidency, he said he believed "only the parliament and a strong prime minister are needed," but qualified this by stating that the deputies were not "extreme revolutionaries" nor trying to remove the president. Khasbulatov said that funds earmarked by the parliament for fighting crime were being used by the Interior Ministry instead for organizing "shock units...trained to combat street demonstrations and marches." He criticized the parliamentary committees for defense and security and for fighting crime as "extensions of the corresponding ministries," which left parliament, "the only factor capable of stabilizing the situation in the country," unable to exercise control over the Defense, Interior, and Security Ministries. Wendy Slater, RFE/RL, Inc. RUTSKOI AND STEPANKOV ACCUSED BY CRIME COMMISSION. Russian Vice-President Alexander Rutskoi was officially accused of corruption by President Yeltsin's anti-crime commission, ITAR-TASS reported on 18 August. Justice Minister Yuri Kalmykov told a news conference that Rutskoi had deposited "large sums of government funds" in a Swiss bank account and that the commission's evidence had been forwarded to the Constitutional Court. The country's highest court could recommend the vice-president's removal from office. Rutskoi, who has repeatedly levelled accusations of corruption against several of Yeltsin's closest advisors, angrily denied the charges and said that the commission was made up of "swindlers." At the news conference the commission's secretary, lawyer Andrei Makarov, said that he had a tape recording of a conversation in which the Prosecutor-General Valentin Stepankov plotted to have him killed. Makarov said that the commission would ask the Russian Parliament to dismiss Stepankov. Dominic Gualtieri. , RFE/RL, Inc. SHAKHRAI ON HIS NEW PARTY. In an interview with Izvestiya, reported by ITAR-TASS on 18 August, Deputy Prime Minister Sergei Shakhrai described his new party, the Party of Russian Unity and Concord ("Provincial"). He said the party would be active in the new parliament, and would be oriented toward the average city dweller who was "sick to death" of political mud-slinging, and wanted a strong, stable state. The first session of the committee formed in support of the party had been held on 13 July and had been attended by the heads of administration of several Russian regions. The founding congress would be held in September. Shakhrai promised his party's support for the President and the government for as long as they carried out reformist policies. Wendy Slater, RFE/RL, Inc. SHARP CUT IN COMMODITY EXPORT LICENSES. The collegium of the Ministry of Foreign Trade has decided sharply to reduce the number of licenses granted to enterprises exporting oil, petroleum products, nonferrous metals, and other commodities, ITAR-TASS and other agencies reported on 18 August. The total number of licences has been cut from 246 to 14. The declared aims of the reduction were to "bring order into the field of foreign economic relations and to raise the effectiveness of exports," but other considerations could include a clampdown on capital flight and on illicit export deals. Keith Bush, RFE/RL, Inc. NATIONWIDE PROGRAM OF VACCINATION AGAINST DIPHTHERIA. Deputy Chief Epidemiologist Vadim Monisov told a news conference in Moscow that a nationwide program of vaccination against diphtheria is planned, Reuters of 18 August and The Financial Times of 19 August reported. The goal of the program is to protect 90% of children and 75% of adults against the disease by 1995. This delay in the face of a virtual epidemic seems to be attributable to inadequate supplies of domestically produced vaccine, reluctance or inability to import additional supplies, and, perhaps, to a shortage of disposable syringes.Monisov advised that visitors receive vaccination before they travel to Russia. He reported 106 deaths from diphtheria so far this year, compared with 127 during the whole of 1992. Keith Bush, RFE/RL, Inc. SUPPORT FOR NUCLEAR SCIENTISTS DELAYED. Reuters on 18 August reported continuing delays in establishing the International Center for Science and Technology, which is intended to support the conversion of the Russian nuclear weapons industry. The Center is to be funded with over $70 million from the US, Japan, Canada, and the EC and is to finance joint projects between Western and Russian scientists in developing science and technology for peaceful purposes. But although the center was to be opened in the summer of 1992, it has encountered a number of delays regarding both its location and funding activities. According to Reuters, the Russian parliament has been delaying approval of the agreement establishing the center and, until that is done, no funding can be released. A similar program that is to be established in Ukraine, with $13.5 million in financing, is reportedly even further from realization. John Lepingwell, RFE/RL, Inc. YELTSIN ON KURILS. During his press conference on 19 August, transmitted live on Russian TV, President Yeltsin noted that his visit to Japan would not be postponed, and that the Russian and Japanese governments were considering "many variations" on possible solutions to the Kuril islands dispute. He went on to note that Prime Minister Chernomyrdin's recent comment that the islands were not an issue was just "one of the variations" being considered. Yeltsin's comments clearly suggested that his position on the dispute is likely to be somewhat more flexible than that of Chernomyrdin. John Lepingwell, RFE/RL, Inc. TRANSCAUCAUSUS AND CENTRAL ASIA NAGORNO-KARABAKH UPDATE. The town of Fizuli, south-east of Nagorno-Karabakh, fell to Armenian forces on 18 June, Western news agencies reported. Turan quoted Azerbaijani parliament chairman Geidar Aliev as telling Iranian Foreign Minister Ali-Akbar Velayati on 18 August that Russian troops had participated in the fighting on the Armenian side. Karabakh officials in Stepanakert announced that a new 5-day ceasefire was due to go into effect on 18 August, but the Azerbaijani presidential press service denied this, according to Turan. On 18 August the UN Security Council again condemned the ongoing hostilities in Azerbaijan and called for the immediate and unconditional withdrawal of occupying forces; it asked Armenia to use its "unique influence" to persuade the Nagorno-Karabakh authorities to resume negotiations, an RFE/RL correspondent reported. In Geneva, a spokesman for the UN High Commissioner for Refugees expressed alarm that thousands of Azerbaijani refugeees from the current fighting are fleeing towards the Azerbaijani-Iranian frontier. Liz Fuller, RFE/RL, Inc. GERMAN DEFENSE MINISTER IN KAZAKHSTAN. German Defense Minister Volker Ruehe is the latest high-ranking foreign visitor to Kazakhstan whom President Nursultan Nazarbaev has told that his country does not want to be a nuclear power but insists on security guarantees from the major powers before it will give up its nuclear weapons, Russian and Western agencies reported on 19 August. Ruehe is in Kazakhstan to sign an agreement on military cooperation and discuss the security situation in the region, as well as the strategic nuclear missiles that Kazakhstan inherited when the USSR collapsed. Bess Brown, RFE/RL, Inc. UZBEK OPPOSITION LEADER RESENTENCED; TURKMEN HARASSED.Pulat Akhunov, a leader of the Uzbek opposition movement Birlik, has been given an additional sentence of three years, RFE/RL learned on 18 August. Akhunov was charged on 10 February with possessing narcotics in his cell while serving a one-year prison sentence for accusing President Islam Karimov of having played a role in the failed August 1991 coup in Russia. Akhunov has denied the narcotics charge. RFE/RL also learned on 18 August that several leaders of the Turkmen opposition movement Agzybirlik were detained briefly in Ashgabat after meeting with US Congressman Robert Torricelli. The Agzybirlik leaders were reported to have been released after being warned not to slander the Turkmen republic. Yalcin Tokgozoglu., RFE/RL, Inc. CIS UKRAINIAN MINISTRY OF DEFENSE REFUTES BBC CLAIMS. As part of a recent interview with Ukraine's First Deputy Defense Minister, Col. Gen. Ivan Bizhan, the BBC reported that the general said Ukraine was capable of blocking Moscow's control over the 176 ICBMs on its territory and was close to breaking the codes which would enable it to gain operational control over the missiles. Ukrainian Radio on 18 August reported that the press service of the Ukrainian Ministry of Defense officially announced that Bizhan had not made such a statement to the BBC correspondent. Ustina Markus, RFE/RL, Inc. BELARUS, UKRAINE, RUSSIA MEET TO DISCUSS WW II COMPENSATION FROM GERMANY. Delegations from Belarus, Ukraine, and Russia met in Minsk on 18 August to discuss distributing among themselves the German funds compensating World War II victims, ITAR-TASS reported. On 30 March this year, Germany agreed to set up a compensation fund for former Soviet citizens who suffered physically or experienced material losses as a result of Nazi actions. Ustina Markus, RFE/RL, Inc. CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE BOSNIAN AGREEMENT REACHED IN GENEVA. The 18 August Geneva peace talks produced a formal agreement by which Sarajevo will be placed under UN control for two years, international media report. The plan would go into effect only as a part of an overall peace settlement. The UN governor would consult with an advisory panel of four Muslims, three Serbs, two Croats and one representative of other minorities. The key power centers under the interim pact appear to be the nine district councils, which are allowed to have their own police forces that would be monitored by a UN "large civilian police element." The UN forces, between 3,000 and 9,000, are to ensure that the local forces allow refugees to return to their homes and do not harass anyone. During the two-year period the three factions are supposed to agree on a long-term solution for Sarajevo. The Bosnians want the city to be unified while the Serbs want to partition it "like Beirut," as Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic said. Elsewhere, a UN official said that about 250 Serb troops still are on Mt. Igman that should have withdrawn by 14 August. Fabian Schmidt, RFE/RL, Inc. CROATS AND MUSLIMS CLASH OVER BORDERS. As fighting continued in downtown Mostar between the two former allies, Croatian and Muslim delegations failed to agree in Geneva on frontiers between their respective future republics within Bosnia. The BBC's Serbian and Croatian Services reported on 18 August that the main points of contention are: central Bosnia, where both sides dispute ownership of Travnik; the Mostar area, which the Croats consider their capital but which the Muslims want as a divided open city; and the small port of Neum, Bosnia's only outlet to the sea, which the Croats refuse to give up on the grounds that it has never been anything but Croatian. Meanwhile in Split, Slobodna Dalmacija has launched a media campaign to free one of its journalists whom the Muslims arrested and imprisoned in Bugojno. Hina carried the report on 18 August. Patrick Moore, RFE/RL, Inc. HUNGARY PROTESTS AGAINST DETENTION OF SHIPS BY SERBIA. Foreign Ministry spokesman Janos Herman told MTI on 18 August that the holding of three Hungarian cargo vessels on the Danube is an illegal act that is being supported by the Serbian authorities. Talks with members of the Serbian government, Hermann said, have made it clear that the Serbian authorities have either directly or indirectly supported these acts against Hungarian individuals and property, and the Serbian minister in charge of navigation matters has himself said that he ordered the vessels stopped. Judith Pataki, RFE/RL, Inc. CROATIA TRIES TO PRESSURE THE UN. Ever since the Vance plan was signed in January 1992, Zagreb has vainly expected the UN to carry out provisions for the return of Croatian authority and civilians to the Serb-held 25% of that republic. Popular impatience has increased pressure on a government that is itself disenchanted with the world organization, and Croatia has repeated its demands each time it has renewed UNPROFOR's mandate. The Zagreb dailies on 19 August suggest that Croatia is considering new measures to make its impatience known, including insisting on splitting UNPROFOR in Croatia administratively from similar bodies in Bosnia and Macedonia, as well as declaring UN civilian administrator Cedric Thornberry persona non grata. A Vjesnik editorial replies to UN Secretary General Boutros Boutros-Ghali's statement that UN cannot do more than it is currently doing by asking rhetorically: "is the world organization really that powerless?" Finally, Reuters runs a report on the plight of mainly elderly Croatian civilians remaining in the Serb-held areas. Patrick Moore, RFE/RL, Inc. CROATIAN CONSPIRACY THEORIES. In keeping with the traditional political culture of the Balkans, ideas have abounded in the Yugoslav area about alleged foreign plots behind the conflict that began in 1991. The Serbian media have stressed a supposed master strategy of Germany, together with the Vatican, Austria, Hungary, and others, to destroy the former Yugoslavia and cripple Serbia. The Croatian media, for their part, have cast suspicious glances toward Serbia's traditional allies, namely Russia, France, and Britain, as being behind a purported scheme to deny Croatia its independence and restore Yugoslavia. Now Globus of 13 August runs a poll of Croatian attitudes toward such theories. Some 43% of the respondents believe there is "a secret international conspiracy against Croatia and the Croatian state," with 33% denying such a possibility. Of the 43%, 17% say Russia is behind it, 16% blame "Serbian secret agencies," 13% look to persons at home still loyal to a Yugoslavia, 12% suspect "the alliance of Eastern Orthodox countries," and 11% are most wary of Britain and France. Far behind come more traditional objects of conspiracy theories, with the Masons taking 7%, "the CIA and other secret services" 4%, and "the Jews" 2%. Among foreign politicians, the one regarded as most "anti-Croatian" is UN Secretary General Boutros-Ghali. Patrick Moore, RFE/RL, Inc. BELGRADE ANNOUNCES NEW ECONOMIC MEASURES. In an effort to revive an economy wracked by international sanctions and failed economic policies, on 18 August the federal government of rump Yugoslavia declared war on speculators and announced that prices of staple goods will come under direct government control. The new measures are aimed at reducing four-digit monthly inflation rates to 50% by the end of this year. Yugoslav Prime Minister Radoje Kontic told reporters, "if this is not done it will be impossible to avoid an economic collapse." The monthly rate of inflation reached 430% in July and is expected to reach several thousand percent in August. Economists have projected an annual inflation rate of well over one billion percent. Fearing social unrest, the government has been printing money round the clock to finance its deficits, but has only succeeded in fueling inflation. Kontic said the government will step up its efforts to fight speculators and profiteers who have emptied many store shelves. National Bank of Yugoslavia Deputy Governor Zarko Trbojevic backed the plan and announced the dinar had been devalued by almost 93% against the US dollar and the German mark, bringing the official foreign exchange rates more in line with soaring black-market rates. More than half of the work force has been idled. The average monthly salary for those still working has dropped to less than $20. Serbian radio and TV carried the report. Milan Andrejevich, RFE/RL, Inc. POLISH PRIVATIZATION MINISTRY UNDER FIRE. Privatization Minister Janusz Lewandowski threatened on 18 August to take the head of the state auditing agency to court for slandering the ministry and its employees, Polish TV reports. Supreme Control Chamber (NIK) chief Lech Kaczynski has charged the privatization ministry with corrupt practices and deliberately selling state firms for less than their value. At a press conference in Warsaw, Lewandowski denied these charges. He also countered a number of similar accusations made by opposition political parties. "The dissonance between politics and the needs of the economy has never been greater," Lewandowski said. He warned that "lies and calumny" about privatization could undermine economic reform. In an interview with Nowa Gazeta on 18 August, Kaczynski acknowledged that he intends to use NIK materials to compromise the government parties in the election campaign. Kaczynski's twin brother, Jaroslaw, heads the opposition Center Alliance party. Louisa Vinton, RFE/RL, Inc. GASPAROVIC ON RUSSIAN TREATY, CAPITAL PUNISHMENT. In an 18 August press conference of the ruling Movement for a Democratic Slovakia, Parliament Chairman Ivan Gasparovic said Article 4 of the Slovak-Russian friendship treaty could be modified. The controversial article states that neither country will allow its territory to be used by other countries in case of a military conflict involving either signatory and a third country. Although some political parties have requested a session of parliament devoted to discussion of the treaty, Gasparovic said the parliament will not have a chance to discuss the agreement until after it has been signed by the Slovak and Russian presidents. Gasparovic maintained that "Russia is an important country internationally, and it is necessary to respect its opinions," TASR reports. Regarding recent debates over capital punishment, Gasparovic stated "its influence on lowering the crime rate is insignificant" and that it would only be considered "as a last resort." Sharon Fisher, RFE/RL, Inc. CZECH ECONOMIC STATISTICS. According to data released on 18 August by the Czech Statistical Office, the republic's gross domestic product was 0.5%-1.3% lower and industrial production 5% lower during the first six months of 1993 than during the same period of 1992. Prices grew by 12.1% from January to June 1993. Wages were 36.8% higher and consumer spending 39% higher in June 1993 than in June 1992. The unemployment rate in June 1993 was 2.63%, but it has grown slightly since then--there were 138,581 officially registered unemployed people in June 1993; at the same time, there were 74,000 officially registered employment opportunities. Also on 18 August CTK carried results of an opinion poll conducted in July by the Center for Empirical Research. The results indicate that 23.9% of Czechs are "worried" about future economic developments, 38% are "somewhat worried," 29.7% are "more unworried than worried," and 8% are not worried at all. Jiri Pehe, RFE/RL, Inc. VAN DER STOEL IN BUCHAREST. Max Van der Stoel, the CSCE High Commissioner for National Minorities, arrived in Bucharest for what a foreign affairs ministry spokesman called a two-day "documentation visit." Van der Stoel was last in Bucharest in June, and this visit is a continuation of his earlier discussions. Van der Stoel addressed a meeting of the Council of National Minorities., where a draft law on bilingual signs in communities with large ethnic minorities was discussed. Radio Bucharest reported the developments on 18 August. Michael Shafir, RFE/RL, Inc. RAILWAY STRIKE OVER, LABOR UNREST PERSISTS IN ROMANIA. Transport Minister Paul Teodoru said in an interview with Radio Bucharest on 18 August that the railway strike was over, despite scattered resistance from individuals. Some strikers tried to stop locomotives from leaving depots, he said, but order was restored by other railway workers, and police intervention was not necessary. Teodoru also said that most of the hunger strikers in Brasov have started to eat again. An RFE/RL correspondent in Brasov reported there were no hunger strikers in the depot. But on the same day, some 2,000 railroad construction workers marched through Bucharest demanding job security and asking the government to invest in the country's railroads. A delegation of the railway construction workers' union was received by Prime Minister Nicolae Vacaroiu, Radio Bucharest said. The radio also reported that the government promised to seek funds for the railways and roads and to provide a guarantee to help the transport ministry get a loan of 15,000 million lei (nearly $19 million) for this purpose. The government also agreed to provide 17 million lei ($212,000) to pay workers for work done on a highway linking Bucharest to Fetesti. Michael Shafir, RFE/RL, Inc. BULGARIAN TRUCK DRIVERS ON STRIKE. On 18 August several hundred drivers went on strike to protest plans to privatize their company, SOMAT Ltd., as one single entity. Reuters quotes a statement by the strike committee of the company's Hadzhi Dimitar branch in Sofia that the government scheme violates previous commitments by the Ministry of Transport to offer its management more independence, but would also contradict the interests of the staff. The state-owned SOMAT is represented in 22 different countries and owns 3,400 transport trucks, 2,972 refrigerated trailers, and a dozen ships and river boats. Kjell Engelbrekt, RFE/RL, Inc. LUIK NAMED ESTONIAN DEFENSE MINISTER. BNS reports on 19 August that Prime Minister Mart Laar has appointed Juri Luik as minister of defense. Luik, heretofore minister without portfolio and head of the Estonian delegation for talks with Russia, replaces Hain Rebas, who resigned from the position on 5 August. The appointment, made with the agreement of the ruling parliamentary coalition, must be still approved by President Lennart Meri. Dzintra Bungs, RFE/RL, Inc. NO CLARITY ON TROOP WITHDRAWAL FROM LITHUANIA. Although the Russian Defense Ministry has declared that the withdrawal of Russian troops has been suspended, Lithuania has not received any official notification of it, Radio Lithuania reported on 18 August. Foreign Minister Povilas Gylys asked the Russian Embassy in Vilnius for the official position on the matter, but has not received a reply. Some of the remaining 40 units with about 2,500 troops are continuing to withdraw. The Lithuanian delegation on troop withdrawal met and drafted a statement for President Algirdas Brazauskas to present to President Yeltsin at their planned meeting. Russian Foreign Minister Andrei Kozyrev added to the confusion by declaring that the troop withdrawal will not conclude before an agreement on it is signed. Saulius Girnius, RFE/RL, Inc. CONFLICTING REPORTS ON TAKEOVER OF PALDISKI. Russian Foreign Ministry spokesman Grigorii Karasin told the press on 17 August that the delay in the completion of the Estonian takeover of the Russian base in Paldiski is not due to technical problems as reported earlier. Karasin said that the issue of troop withdrawal from Estonia, including the transfer of the naval training base at Paldiski, is subject to bilateral talks and that until the necessary accords are signed, the Russian side will set the timetable for handing over various facilities to Estonia, Baltic media reported on 17 August. Earlier it was reported that Estonia would take over the Paldiski base on 10 August. Dzintra Bungs, RFE/RL, Inc. LITHUANIAN-POLISH TALKS. On 17-18 August Lithuanian Deputy Foreign Minister Vladislavas Domarkas and his Polish counterpart Iwo Byczewski held talks on a cooperation and good neighbor treaty, Radio Lithuania reports. The talks were described as intensive, with full agreement being reached on 20 of the 26 points of the treaty. The preamble and a planned declaration on "historical questions" were not discussed. Another round of talks will be held later this month, and it is not yet clear whether the treaty will be signed before 1 September, when Polish Prime Minister Hanna Suchocka is expected in Lithuania to attend ceremonies opening the Kalvarija-Budziski customs post. Saulius Girnius, RFE/RL, Inc. BELARUS FOREIGN MINISTER VISITS LATVIA. Belarusian Foreign Minister Pyotr Krauchanka met with President Guntis Ulmanis and other Latvian leaders as well as representatives of the Belarusian community (about 120,000 Belarusians live in Latvia), Latvian media reported on 18 August. Among the topics discussed was greater Latvian subsidies for Belarusian radio and TV programs, as well as the designation of a high school in Riga to specialize in Belarusian studies. Ulmanis, in turn, asked for improvements in the cultural life of the approximately 3,000 Latvians living in Belarus. Concerning borders, Krauchanka and the Latvian leaders agreed that the pre-World War II borders could be maintained and discussed ways to ease the border crossing procedures. Concerning the repatriation of Belarusians, Krauchanka said that 130 families of Russian (or former Soviet) military officers from Belarus living in Latvia would soon return to Belarus. Dzintra Bungs, RFE/RL, Inc. DIPHTHERIA IN UKRAINE. Like Russia, Ukraine is experiencing a sharp increase in the incidence of diphtheria, Reuters reported on 18 August. So far this year 320 cases have been reported, compared with 1,000 in the past two years combined. In Kiev seven people have died from the disease, and the city's chief epidemiologist Lyubov Nekrasova, blames reduced inoculations. In 1988 the media began warning that vaccinations were unsafe, and some parents were discouraged from having their children inoculated. Nekrasova called for a mass inoculation campaign as the only way to fight the disease. Ustina Markus, RFE/RL, Inc. UKRAINIANS PUT PREMIUM ON SOCIAL STABILITY. According to the results of a countrywide poll conducted by the National Institute of Strategic Studies and published on 17 August in Demokratychna Ukraina, 55% of the population believes that "guaranteeing social stability" should be the foremost priority of Ukrainian society today. The second most-cited priority was "building a strong state," chosen by 45% of respondents. The secondary importance attached to the introduction of Western-style institutions was reflected in the finding that 31% view the "development of market relations," and just 18% "the development of democracy," as the main tasks facing Ukraine. The survey, based on a representative sample of 1461 respondents, also showed significant regional differences in attitudes toward the CIS and Ukraine's independence. If a referendum on independence were to be held in the near future, 82% of people in Galicia would vote in favor versus 52% in Kiev, 38% in the Donbas, and a mere 18% in the conflict-ridden Crimea. Kathy Mihalisko, RFE/RL, Inc. [As of 1200 CET] Compiled by Vladimir Socor and Charles Trumbull THE RFE/RL DAILY REPORT IS PRODUCED BY THE RFE/RL RESEARCH INSTITUTE (A DIVISION OF RADIO FREE EUROPE/RADIO LIBERTY, INC.) with the assistance of the RFE/RL News and Current Affairs Division (NCA). The report is available by electronic mail via LISTSERV (RFERL-L@UBVM.CC.BUFFALO.EDU), on the Sovset' computer bulletin board, by fax, and by postal mail. For inquiries about specific news items, subscriptions, or additional copies, please contact: in North America: Mr. Brian Reed, RFE/RL, Inc., 1201 Connecticut Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20036 Telephone: (202) 457-6912 or -6907; Fax: (202) 457-6992 or 828-8783; Internet: RIDC@RFERL.ORG or Elsewhere: Ms. Helga Hofer, Publications Department, RFE/RL Research Institute, Oettingenstrasse 67, 80538 Munich, Germany;.Telephone: (+49 89) 2102-2631 or -2624; Fax: (+49 89) 2102-2648, Internet: PD@RFERL.ORG 1993, RFE/RL, Inc. All rights reserved.
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