|I have learned that success is to be measured not so much by the position that one has reached in life as by the obstacles which he has overcome while trying to succeed. - Booker T. Washington|
No. 156, 17 August 1993
RUSSIA CHERNOMYRDIN WARNS AGAINST REGIONAL INDEPENDENCE. Prime Minister Viktor Chernomyrdin told reporters during his visit to the Russian Far East that he did not believe that any region of Russia-krai, oblast, or republic-could survive independently. Moreover, he cited the collapse of the Soviet Union as a warning to Russia's regions that the newly independent states of the former USSR had not benefited from their independence: "Some are suggesting that they be made part of Russia'," ITAR-TASS on 16 August cited him as saying. Chernomyrdin had said at the start of his trip that early elections, as suggested by Yeltsin, were essential. He expressed doubt that elections alone would stabilize the economy, but said that the current political situation was unsustainable, because "any decisions the executive takes are completely overturned." -Wendy Slater MORE ON THE PROPOSED FEDERATION COUNCIL. Deputy Prime Minister Sergei Shakhrai has given more details of President Yeltsin's proposed Federation Council, Radio Rossii reported on 14 August. According to Shakhrai, the body is to be the precursor to the upper chamber of the new legislature envisioned in President Yeltsin's draft constitution. Apart from representing Russia's regions, the body will have three tasks: overseeing the process of constitutional reform, helping to realize a new Federal Treaty, and debating the most important policy questions in the country.All reports state clearly that the new Federation council proposed by Yeltsin is to be a consultative body, i.e., it will not have legislative functions. Alexander Yakovlev, a legal expert working in the Constitutional Assembly, told ITAR-TASS that the Federation Council will be "a new element in the structure of state organs." -Dominic Gualtieri PARLIAMENT THWARTED OVER TV SCHEDULING. Parliament's Committee for the Media requested that the Russian TV company alter its scheduling to move the "Parliamentary Hour" program to a daily slot earlier in the evening, ITAR-TASS of 14 August and Ostankino TV "Itogi" of 15 August reported. The request was criticised by the Russian Ministry of Information and the Press as illegal and unconstitutional. "Parliamentary Hour" is made by a TV company established by the parliament, and its rescheduling would have prevented the screening at that time of popular shows such as crime programs or the US soap opera "Santa Barbara." The ministry described the committee's request as "an unconcealed act of disrespect toward tens of millions of TV viewers." Programs were broadcast as normal on 16-August. -Wendy Slater KOZYREV'S COMMENTS ON NUCLEAR WEAPONS REFUTED. Foreign Minister Andrei Kozyrev's assertion that a Russian-Ukrainian agreement on dismantling the nuclear weapons in Ukraine was imminent appears to have been unfounded. According to a Reuters report of 16-August, Ukrainian Defense Minister Konstantin Morozov noted that while Russia had made a proposal on dismantling nuclear weapons, "there have so far been no talks with Russia." Morozov also informed the visiting German defense minister, Volker Ruehe, that Ukraine would ratify START-1 only after all issues of ownership and national security were resolved. Morozov's comments were echoed by Foreign Minister Anatoly Zlenko, who noted that it was "premature to talk about any sort of accord, let alone one that would be concluded in the near future." The Russian Foreign Ministry observed that Kozyrev had merely been expressing his hopes for a breakthrough and agreement. Nevertheless, Kozyrev's comments may have represented a continuation of the Russian government's strategy of pressuring Ukraine to reach an agreement by continuing to raise the issue in the West and by portraying Kiev as inflexible and opposing any agreement. -John Lepingwell WORK ON MIG FIGHTER TERMINATED. "Vesti" on 16 August quoted Rostislav Belyakov, chief designer of the Mikoyan aircraft production complex, as saying that work on the latest MiG light fighter plane had been discontinued. No other details were provided, but it is possible that Belyakov was referring to the multi-role MiG-1.42 prototype, said to be similar to the US F-22. Whatever plane is actually involved, the announcement appears to represent one more indication of the difficulties that even the most prestigious Russian defense firms now face. -Stephen Foye CHERNOMYRDIN REVIEWS SOCIOECONOMIC SITUATION. The text of Prime Minister Viktor Chernomyrdin's report on the economy to an expanded cabinet session is carried by Rossiiskiye vesti of 7-August. It is perhaps the clearest and most detailed exposition of his own position in a divided cabinet and of his view of the future. He has harsh words for parliament's irresponsible budget maneuvers, for the recent banknote exchange, for the lack of coordination within the government, for the Russian Goskomstat, and for his reportedly least favorite colleagues-Boris Fedorov and Anatolii Chubais. He asserts that more than three-quarters of Russia's population have incomes below the minimum subsistence level. And he claims that bankruptcy legislation is ready, but that the State Committee for the Management of State Property and the Ministry of the Economy are dragging their feet in initiating bankruptcy proceedings. -Keith Bush INFLATION RATE UP IN JULY. The government's Economic Conditions Center has reported that the monthly inflation rate rose in July to 19.3%, according to Izvestiya of 5 August. Varying estimates of the monthly inflation rate to date in 1993 have been provided by different centers. Among the most authoritative are those supplied in "Russian Economic Trends: Monthly Update" of 24 June. According to this, monthly changes in the consumer price index during the first five months of 1993 were: 26%, 25%, 20%, 23%, and 19%. The figure for June was given as 17.4% (Rossiiskaya gazeta, 20 July). -Keith Bush EPIDEMICS OF PREVENTABLE DISEASES. On 13-15-August, Russian media reported widespread outbreaks in Russia and in other former Soviet republics of dangerous though preventable diseases. The horror stories cited epidemics of cholera, diptheria, typhus, anthrax, and malaria, plus one case of bubonic plague in Kazakhstan. In an interview withThe Los Angeles Times of 17 August, the chief specialist of the Russian Committee for Epidemic Control discusses some of the principal causes of the epidemics. In addition to poor sanitation, lack of drugs, more foreign travel, and reluctance to be vaccinated, Yurii Fedorov mentioned low nutritional levels. He reckoned that on average Russians receive 20% fewer calories and 40% fewer vitamins than they need. The inadequate diet was a factor cited also by Professor Oleg Bogomolov in an interview with RFE/RL. Bogomolov believes that mortality rates among the elderly have risen sharply because of malnutrition and poor health care, but that the statistics have been concealed by the authorities. -Keith Bush RUSSIAN HOMOSEXUALS STILL IN JAIL. Members of "Treugolnik", a new defense group for Russian homosexuals, have claimed that about 50 homosexuals are still imprisoned, despite the fact that changes to the criminal code in May removed the section making homosexuality a crime, according to ITAR-TASS on 16-August. The changes in the law were not widely publicized, and it is claimed that prison directors oppose investigations of prisoners believed to have been jailed for their homosexuality. "Treugolnik" (Triangle) is the first open association of homosexuals in Russia; it held its constituent assembly in Novosibirsk on 13-14 August. -Sheila Marnie TRANSCAUCASIA AND CENTRAL ASIA ARMENIAN FORCES CLOSE IN ON STRATEGIC AZERBAIJANI TOWN. The Azerbaijani Defense Ministry claimed on 16 August that the town of Fizuli south-west of Nagorno-Karabakh was under artillery bombardment from Armenian forces that had surrounded the town, Reuters and ITAR-TASS reported. A Nagorno-Karabakh spokesman denied this, claiming that Azerbaijani forces were attacking Armenian-held territory around Fizuli and the neighboring town of Dzhebrail. In Baku, the Azerbaijani parliament met in emergency session to discuss the military situation. It also condemned what were termed "separatist actions" by Alikram Gumbatov, head of the self-proclaimed Talysh-Mugan republic located on Azerbaijan's south-eastern border with Iran. Gumbatov, who held talks with Azerbaijan's parliament chairman Geidar Aliev a month ago in an unsuccessful attempt to resolve differences, was accused of links with the Islamic Hizbollah party and with "Mafia clans" said to be financing him. He was further said to have 3,000 armed supporters plus 80 armored vehicles, according to ITAR-TASS. -Liz Fuller DISENGAGEMENT IN ABKHAZIA COMPLETED ON SCHEDULE? AT A TRIPARTITE MEETING ON 16 AUGUST IN SOCHI, ABKHAZ SEPARATISTS AND GEORGIAN OFFICIALS "GUARANTEED" THE WITHDRAWAL OF ALL TROOPS FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE BY MIDNIGHT ON 16 AUGUST IN ACCORDANCE WITH A RUSSIAN-MEDIATED DISENGAGEMENT- PLAN, ITAR-TASS REPORTED. The withdrawal got off to a slow start, and it is not yet known whether or not the deadline was met. Abkhaz parliament chairman Vladislav Ardzinba issued an order on 14 August suspending part of the plan in response to Georgia's alleged failure to comply completely with the withdrawal agreement, but ITAR-TASS reported on 16 August that chief of operational headquarters for the joint commission for the settlement of the Abkhaz Conflict, Major General Sergei Kudinov, clarified that the order referred to the transportation of volunteers from the Confederation of Peoples of the Caucasus out of Abkhaz territory scheduled for 16-August. These troops had already been withdrawn from the conflict zone. The head of the UN observer group, Major Christian Sotheby, stated on 16 August that fuel shortages were causing some delays in the withdrawal of Georgian troops and equipment. Catherine Dale KYRGYZSTAN'S ECONOMIC CRISIS DEEPENS. According to a report on the latest Kyrgyz economic statistics, carried by ITAR-TASS on 16 August, the volume of industrial production in July was 41.8% less than in the same period in 1992. Production in machine building has fallen by 63.3%. As a result of the drop in production, the state treasury has lost value-added taxes amounting to more than 3 million som. Figures for the first 7 months of 1993 suggest that national income has decreased by 23.3%. -Sheila Marnie CIS TRAINING OFFICERS FOR KYRGYZSTAN'S ARMY. The State Defense Committee of Kyrgyzstan announced on 16 August that 122 young men from Kyrgyzstan would be sent for officer training to military schools in Russia, while another 40 would be sent to Uzbekistan, ITAR-TASS reported. According to the same report, several dozen cadets from Kyrgyzstan are currently studying in Turkey. It is hoped that in the years to come these young officers will begin to replace former Soviet officers in the Kyrgyz army. -Stephen Foye CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE DEVELOPMENTS ON THE GROUND IN BOSNIA. Borba reports on 17 August that the Kiseljak and Visoko regions just west of Sarajevo are rapidly shaping up as a major center of the Croat-Muslim conflict, in addition to the Mostar-Jablanica-Konjic region and the central Bosnian zone including Bugojno and Gornji Vakuf. Elsewhere, wars of words continue over certain aspects of the conflict, with news agencies on 16 August quoting Bosnian Croat spokesmen as denying earlier charges that their army is using Muslim prisoners to build front-line fortifications. Reuters, moreover, cites a Roman Catholic priest in Travnik as saying that the Muslim authorities are forcing Croat civilians "to dig trenches for the Bosnian army." In yet another verbal exchange, Bosnian Vice President Ejup Ganic has called UNPROFOR Gen. Barry Frewer's comment that Sarajevo is not under siege "a serious lie," and demanded the Canadian officer's recall. The 17 August Washington Post quotes Frewer as praising the Serbs and noting that they have "a tactically advantageous position [around Sarajevo] . . . but I wouldn't call it a siege." Finally, international media report that over 560-hospital beds have been offered by Italy and other countries for the sick and wounded of Sarajevo, but the top UN refugee official there says that, in addition to the well-publicized cases, there is "an iceberg of suffering" in the Bosnian capital. Patrick Moore "SMALL PROGRESS" IN GENEVA TALKS. The negotiations on Bosnia resumed on 16-August on demilitarizing Sarajevo and placing it under UN control for an indefinite period, international media report. The zone would include all districts of Sarajevo, the surrounding mountains and the airport, from which all armed forces except those of the UN are excluded. The leaders agreed to allow full freedom of movement for UN military observers in Bosnia. A UN spokesman said: "We're not talking about a final agreement here. The devil is always in the details." Bosnian President Alija Izetbegovic said that "small progress" had been made, while the spokesman of Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic said: "I think if the plan is implemented, it will certainly produce the end of hostilities, so we must welcome it." Izetbegovic, Karadzic and Bosnian Croat leader Mate Boban agreed to set up a working committee that would present specific proposals on 17 August. Mediators Lord Owen and Thorvald Stoltenberg welcomed it as "developing a better atmosphere of trust for these negotiations," their spokesman said. The Muslim and Serb leaders are also due to meet to talk about eastern Bosnia. At stake is whether Gorazde and Srebrenica will be linked to other Muslim-held territory by a viable corridor. -Fabian Schmidt SUCHOCKA VISITS POLISH TROOPS IN CROATIA. Polish Prime Minister Hanna Suchocka made a one-day visit to Croatia on 16 August to visit Polish peace-keeping forces in Serb-occupied Krajina, PAP reports. The Polish battalion of 945 soldiers has been stationed in Croatia since March 1992. Suchocka said her visit, on the occasion of Polish Army Day, was intended to demonstrate the importance Poland attaches to its own security and sovereignty, which the armed forces guarantee. On the return trip to Zagreb, Serbian police halted the Polish convoy as the internal affairs minister of the self-proclaimed Republic of the Serbian Krajina attempted to lodge a protest with the Polish prime minister. This attempt was rebuffed, as Poland does not recognize the Krajina republic. The Polish convoy was allowed to proceed only after the intercession of the UN command. Suchocka also met with Croatian Prime Minister Nikica Valentic, who praised the "objectivity" of Polish troops. -Louisa Vinton POLISH GOVERNMENT INTERCEDES IN ARMS TRIAL. The government is continuing its efforts to secure the release of five Polish citizens awaiting trial in New York for an alleged attempt to sell arms to Iraq. The five-including several former communist officials-were arrested in Germany in 1992 in a sting operation organized by US customs officials. Germany extradited the five to the US despite protests by the Polish Foreign Ministry. Rajmond Szwonder, an arms plant director also arrested in the case, was returned to Poland in March (and is now an election candidate for the former communist Democratic Left Alliance). Poland argues that the US courts do not have jurisdiction in the case and has demanded that the charges be dropped. The New York court postponed the opening date of the trial, scheduled for 16 August, for two weeks after the Polish government submitted a formal diplomatic protest. Cabinet minister Jan Maria Rokita met with the US charge d'affaires in Warsaw on 16 August to stress the "enormous weight" that Prime Minister Hanna Suchocka attaches to the case. The government is using legal as well as diplomatic channels to secure the release of the five, PAP reports. -Louisa Vinton POLAND'S PARTY "X" PREPARES "PLAN X." Party-"X" leader Stanislaw Tyminski launched his election campaign at a press conference on 14 August by opening his famous black briefcase (which he had claimed contained compromising materials on Lech Walesa during the 1990 presidential race). Inside was a personal computer containing a program "based on data from the World Bank" and "formulated in Canada" that, Tyminski said, can foresee the consequences of all economic decisions. He showed reporters a graph predicting the total collapse of the economy in 1994. Calling the past four governments "whores," Tyminski said that Party "X" is Poland's only chance. He pledged to use his TV election slot to reveal his "Plan X" for Poland. Tyminski also hinted he has damaging materials on the leader of the Self Defense union, Andrzej Lepper, a potential rival for the protest vote. Party "X" collected enough signatures to register 315 candidates in 51 of 52 election districts. -Louisa Vinton PORTUGUESE DELEGATION IN THE CZECH REPUBLIC. On 16 August a high-level Portuguese delegation ended a two-day official visit of the Czech Republic. At a press conference on 16 August, attended by Prime Minister Anibal Cavaco Silva and his Czech counterpart, Vaclav Klaus, officials announced that the two countries discussed agreements, among others, on protecting investments and repatriating profits. Silva said that the European Community is open to the Czech Republic. Klaus said he expected his country to participate in the EC before the end of the century, noting the country's law unemployment and inflation rates. He argued that the Czech Republic can fulfill entrance requirements for the EC "better than almost all current members." -Jiri Pehe MAJORITY OF SLOVAKS FAVOR CAPITAL PUNISHMENT. In a poll by Ultex Slovensko, reported by TASR on 16 August, 79% of those asked responded "certainly yes" to the question "Do you prefer the renewal of the death penalty for capital offenses?" while only 3% answered "certainly no." In response to the question "Do you think the contemporary state of criminal law in the Slovak Republic satisfies the needs of society?" only 3% answered "certainly yes," and 42% responded "certainly no." In recent weeks the issue of capital punishment has sparked debate between political parties. The Slovak National Party hopes to initiate a referendum on the issue, while others have objected. Premier Vladimir Meciar said "the introduction of capital punishment can help alleviate some problems, but not many," TASR reported on 2 August. Rejection of the death penalty was one of the conditions for Slovakia's admission into the Council of Europe. -Sharon Fisher GYPSY ORGANIZATIONS MEET IN BUDAPEST. The Hungarian Gypsy Organizations, comprising a number of groups representing Gypsy interests, ended a two-day conference in Budapest on 14 August, MTI reports. The conference discussed the economic difficulties facing Gypsies and ways to help Gypsy families. Minister of Interior Peter Boross and officials from the Ministry of Welfare participated in the meeting. Boross and Janos Wolfart, the head of the Office for National and Ethnic Minorities, called attention to the regrettable rivalries among the numerous Gypsy organizations set up since 1989 and called for a unified national organization to represent interests of all Gypsies and negotiate with the government on their behalf. The Roma Parliament, which has ties to the Alliance of Free Democrats, Hungary's largest opposition party, walked out of the conference, accusing the participants of uncritically accepting government policy toward Gypsies. In a statement at the end of their meeting, the Hungarian Gypsy Organizations rejected all extremist policies, called for the preparation of a comprehensive sociological study of Gypsies, and agreed to set up a committee to monitor the new law on national and ethnic minorities. The number of Gypsies in Hungary is estimated at 600-800,000. -Edith Oltay NATO DELEGATION VISITS ROMANIA. On 16 August a delegation headed by Field Marshal Sir Richard Frederick Vincent, chairman of NATO's Military Committee, began an official visit. Sir Vincent, who was received by President Ion Iliescu, Defense Minister Lt.-Gen. Nicolae Spiroiu, and Foreign Minister Teodor Melescanu, stated that his main goal is to step up cooperation between NATO and Romania. He also praised the role played by Romania in the region and its contribution to the embargo against Serbia and Montenegro. Melescanu pledged that Romania will step up its diplomatic and military presence in Brussels and reaffirmed Romania's wish to join NATO as a full member. The NATO delegation took part in a round table on cooperation between the NATO and partner states, held at the Euro-Atlantic Center in Bucharest. -Dan Ionescu ROMANIAN RAIL STRIKE UPDATE. On 16 August the train drivers' strike continued throughout Romania for the sixth day. In an attempt to mediate President Iliescu received a union delegation and told them that higher wages are out of the question because of the damage already caused by the strike. He also said that the refusal of the strikers to obey a Supreme Court ruling and return to work creates a dangerous precedent. In an interview with Radio Bucharest on the same day, Justice Minister Petre Ninosu suggested that legal action has already been initiated against the strikers, and they might be accused of "undermining the national economy" and "deliberate dereliction of duty." In the evening, Iliescu addressed an urgent appeal to the strikers to return to work. On the morning of 17 August union leader Ioan Vlad repeatedly urged the drivers to go back to work. But the railroad yards in Brasov and Simeria announced that they intend to continue the protest. -Dan Ionescu BULGARIA CUT OFF FROM NORTH. The Romanian rail workers strike is blocking Bulgaria's major transport route to the rest of Europe, Bulgarian media report. Already cut off from Western Europe because of the UN embargo against rump Yugoslavia, Bulgaria's transport system is facing additional stress. Black Sea ports are currently the only link to the West. During the past six days a backup of some 435 freight cars has built up south of the Danube, mainly in the city of Ruse. Moreover, road traffic has risen far beyond the capacity of border checkpoints to Romania. Transport Minister Kiril Ermenkov told BTA that Turkey and Greece have been informed that for the time being Bulgaria cannot receive any freight traffic destined for transit through Bulgaria. -Kjell Engelbrekt HUMAN RIGHTS GROUP PROTESTS BULGARIAN DECOMMUNIZATION. The New York-based Helsinki Watch group has called on Bulgarian politicians to repeal or amend a law aimed at "decommunizing" senior positions in education and research institutions, an RFE/RL correspondent reports. The human rights group, which has visited Bulgaria several times to monitor the implementation of the law, made its appeal in a report released last week. The report says the so-called "Panev Law," named after the anticommunist deputy who wrote the motion, implies that former communists are collectively responsible for misdeeds in the past. The excommunist Bulgarian Socialist Party is seeking to amend the law. -Kjell Engelbrekt TRIAL BEGINS IN TIRANA AGAINST FORMER COMMUNIST OFFICIALS. Rilindja Demokratike reports that the trial against former prime minister Vilson Ahmeti and two other officials began on 16 August. Ahmeti was prime minister in "the government of specialists" from December 1991 until March 1992. Ahmeti is charged with abuse of power and could face up to 10 years in jail. While the trial against Nexhmije Hoxha, widow of Albanian dictator Enver Hoxha, was largely botched by the ineptness of the prosecution, the trial against these "former communists" provides an opportunity for the Albanian prosecutors office to restore the credibility of its attacks on officials from the communist era. This trial is likely a dress rehearsal for the main event-proceedings against Fatos Nano, leader of Albania's Socialist Party, who is also charged with abuse of power. Robert Austin UKRAINE SIGNS MILITARY COOPERATION AGREEMENT WITH GERMANY. On 16 August Ukrainian Minister of Defense Konstantin Morozov and his German counterpart, Volker Ruehe, signed an agreement on military cooperation that provides for official and working visits between delegations of the armed forces of the two countries. Ukrainian Radio reports that Ruehe was on an official visit to Kiev, during which he also met with President Leonid Kravchuk and Foreign Minister Anatolii Zlenko. This is the second agreement on military cooperation that Ukraine has signed with a Western country; the first was signed earlier this year with the United States. -Ustina Markus RUSSIA SUPPLIES BELARUS WITH MORE GAS. On 16 August a joint Russian-Belarus commission met in Moscow to work out the problems of gas supplies, ITAR-TASS reports. Vyacheslav Sheremet, first deputy chairman of the Russian enterprise Gazprom, said that gas to Belarus was cut from 33 to 12 million cubic meters per day. That amount is sufficient for people in Belarus to survive but not enough for enterprises to function fully. Sheremet reminded the Belarusians that the cutoff did not happen unexpectedly: a month earlier Gazprom had warned Belarus that the next time the republic failed to pay its bills gas would be cut off. On 16 August Belapan reported that gas supplies to Belarus had been increased to 17-million cubic meters a day when Belarus officials demonstrated that 10% of the debt had been paid. Belarus owes about 100 billion Russian rubles ($100 million) for its gas.--Ustina Markus UN DELEGATION TO OBSERVE RUSSIAN TROOP WITHDRAWAL FROM BALTIC STATES. UN Secretary General Boutros Boutros-Ghali has appointed Tommy Roh, Singapore's UN mission head, as leader of a UN delegation to observe the withdrawal of the Russian military from the Baltic States, Radio Lithuania reported on 13 August. The delegation will begin and end its mission in Moscow (29-31 August and 8-9-September) with visits to Vilnius (31 August-3 September), Riga (3-6 September), and Tallinn (6-7 September) in between. The trip will help Boutros-Ghali prepare a report on the withdrawal as required by a UN General Assembly resolution passed unanimously on 25 November 1992. The withdrawal from Lithuania should be completed by 31 August 1993, but no dates have yet been set for the departure from Estonia and Latvia. -Saulius Girnius LITHUANIAN, LATVIAN PRIME MINISTERS MEET IN RIGA. Adolfas Slezevicius was received by Valdis Birkavs in Riga on 16 August. They discussed Baltic security and Russian troop withdrawal as well as Lithuania's plan to construct a petroleum terminal near the Latvian border. The two also examined ways to improve cooperation in resolving economic, energy, and border problems. Estonian Prime Minister Mart Laar could not participate but urged discussion of a Baltic free trade accord along the lines of the Estonian-Latvian agreement scheduled to be signed on 13 September. Meanwhile, Lithuanian President Algirdas Brazauskas has announced that he expects to meet his Estonian and Latvian counterparts on 27 August. -Dzintra Bungs ESTONIAN DEPUTIES BOYCOTT PARLIAMENTARY SESSIONS. Two sessions of the Riigkogu were effectively blocked on 16 August when the ruling coalition parties, joined by deputies of the Royalist Party, decided to boycott the parliament. Although there were enough deputies present in the halls to make a quorum, they refused to register their presence officially. One session to discuss the conflict in the country's armed forces had been requested by the Estonia's Constitution faction, while the second session was to have considered revoking the authority of the secret police to engage in eavesdropping. The opponents of the extraordinary sessions said that the topics on the agenda are outside the competence of parliament, noting that the legislative branch does not have the right to annul decisions of the executive. Baltic media carried the reports on 16-August. -Dzintra Bungs [As of 1200 CET] Compiled by Vladimir Socor and Charles Trumbull THE RFE/RL DAILY REPORT IS PRODUCED BY THE RFE/RL RESEARCH INSTITUTE (A DIVISION OF RADIO FREE EUROPE/RADIO LIBERTY, INC.) with the assistance of the RFE/RL News and Current Affairs Division (NCA). The report is available by electronic mail via LISTSERV (RFERL-L@UBVM.CC.BUFFALO.EDU), on the Sovset' computer bulletin board, by fax, and by postal mail. For inquiries about specific news items, subscriptions, or additional copies, please contact: in North America: Mr. Brian Reed, RFE/RL, Inc., 1201 Connecticut Avenue NW, Washington, DC-20036 Telephone: (202) 457-6912 or -6907; Fax: (202) 457-6992 or 828-8783; Internet: RIDC@RFERL.ORG or Elsewhere: Ms. Helga Hofer, Publications Department, RFE/RL Research Institute, Oettingenstrasse 67, 80538 Munich, Germany;.Telephone: (+49 89) 2102-2631 or -2624; Fax: (+49 89) 2102-2648, Internet: PD@RFERL.ORG 1993, RFE/RL, Inc. All rights reserved.
write to us
with your comments and suggestions.