|Words that open our eyes to the world are always the easiest to remember. - Ryszard Kapuscinski|
No. 149, 06 August 1993
RUSSIA US FORMULATING POLICY ON RUSSIAN PEACEKEEPING. The Washington Post reported on 5 August that the Clinton Administration is close to adopting a policy calling for the US to intercede diplomatically in regional and ethnic disputes in the former Soviet Union. The plan is reportedly aimed at helping to broker resolutions to disputes before they undermine the Yeltsin government, foment wider conflict in southern Russia, or provide a pretext for military intervention by Russian forces outside of Russia's border. The newspaper reports that US officials are unsure both of the extent to which Russian military forces outside of Russia are behind the instability in the Caucasus and elsewhere, and of exactly who is directing the actions of Russian military units in these areas. US officials are also reportedly reacting warily to pleas from Russian Foreign Ministry officials for US and UN help in carrying out peacekeeping operations on the Russian periphery, believing that Russia would be the only former Soviet state to contribute forces to such efforts. The US is reportedly willing to support in principle the deployment of UN peacekeeping forces in the former USSR so long as such actions are carefully controlled and participating Russian troops are not allowed to suppress regimes or political groups hostile to Moscow. -Stephen Foye CABINET TO DISCUSS NEW ECONOMIC POLICY? AN EXPANDED MEETING OF THE RUSSIAN GOVERNMENT ON ECONOMIC POLICY, TO BE CHAIRED BY PRESIDENT BORIS YELTSIN, IS SCHEDULED TO TAKE PLACE TODAY (6 AUGUST). Parliamentary speaker Ruslan Khasbulatov and regional executive leaders are expected to participate in the meeting, ITAR-TASS reported. Nezavisimaya gazeta on 5 August reported that First Deputy Prime Minister Oleg Lobov plans to present a new economic program to the Cabinet of Ministers which, if adopted, would significantly slow down reform and reintroduce state control over the economy. The paper claimed that Lobov's program is supported by the conservative leadership of the parliament, the Russian Central Bank, and Prime Minister Viktor Chernomyrdin, and that only Finance Minister Boris Fedorov opposes it. -Alexander Rahr MINISTERS DENY CABINET RESHUFFLE PENDING. In separate television interviews given on 4 August, two of the government's deputy prime ministers denied reports that a major cabinet reshuffle is being planned. Deputy Prime Minister Oleg Soskovets told a press conference that rumors of an agreement between President Yeltsin and the parliament to drop prominent reformers from the cabinet were false. First Deputy Prime Minister Vladimir Shumeiko also downplayed the likelihood of major changes in the government. He told Ostankino TV that if even if there were to be a cabinet shuffle, senior ministers would not be affected. There have been several public disagreements within the government recently, including a row between the Finance Minister Boris Fedorov and the deputy prime minister in charge of agriculture, Aleksandr Zaveryukha. -Dominic Gualtieri CRIME AND CORRUPTION STATE COMMISSION MEETS. President Yeltsin chaired a meeting of the Interdepartmental Commission of the Security Council on the Struggle against Crime and Corruption on 5-August, ITAR-TASS reported. The meeting dealt with corruption in the highest echelons of power, and heard a report from the country's chief prosecutor, Valentin Stepankov. It was agreed that the "politicization" of the struggle against corruption should be avoided, that the work of the commission should not be diverted toward political ambitions, and that details of deliberations would be witheld. It was decided that henceforth the commission will meet on a weekly basis. -Alexander Rahr YELTSIN APPOINTS NEW JUSTICE MINISTER. Yurii Kalmykov has been confirmed by presidential decree as the new Russian minister of justice, Krim-Press reported on 5 August. Kalmykov had served as acting justice minister since the resignation of his predecessor, Nikolai Fedorov, in April of this year. Kalmykov is an academic lawyer, who had previously chaired the USSR parliament Committee on Legislation. -Wendy Slater NEW WESTERN LOANS. On 5 August, the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development announced two new loans for the Russian oil industry, ITAR-TASS and Western agencies reported. The first loan, for $174-million, will go to Purneftegaz in the Tyumen region for repairing 300 idle wells, drilling 84 new ones, and for renovating equipment. The second, for $80-million, will be extended to a joint British-Canadian-Russian venture in the Komi region. On the same day, the International Finance Corporation announced its first loan to a Russian bank, Reuters reported. The $15-million loan will go to the International Moscow Bank to finance medium- and small-sized enterprises. -Keith Bush FAVORABLE REACTION TO DEBT RESCHEDULING. Sharp increases in prices and trading volume on the secondary market for Russian debt were reported by the Financial Times of 5-August in the wake of the commercial debt rescheduling agreement which was announced on 3 August. The price rose from 28 cents before the agreement to 41-42 cents to the dollar. Russia agreed to pay $500 million in 1993 on its commercial debt, while $3 billion of interest owed this year will be postponed for 5 years. -Keith Bush MORE CONTROVERSY ON INDIAN-RUSSIAN ROCKET DEAL. On 5 August, Nezavisimaya gazeta reported that the parliament's Committee on International Affairs and Foreign Economic Relations had, two days earlier, held open and closed hearings on Moscow's suspension of a sale of rocket technology to India. The newspaper, which complained that details of the deal were not revealed at the hearings, claimed that journalists were nevertheless able to obtain a document in which the Foreign Economic Relations Ministry criticized suspension of the sale to India, arguing that it would result in losses to Russia of between $800 million and $1 billion. It also charged that the US had raised questions concerning a number of other related transactions apparently being considered by Moscow. In the latest issue of Moskovskie novosti (no. 32), meanwhile, the chairman of the International Affairs Committee, Evgenii Ambartsumov, suggested that parliamentary chairman Ruslan Khasbulatov was using the rocket sale imbroglio to discredit Ambartsumov as part of a broader attack on several committee chairmen deemed by Khasbulatov to be disloyal. -Stephen Foye RUTSKOI WANTS TO RESURRECT USSR. Vice President Aleksandr Rutskoi, speaking to military veterans in Kursk on the fiftieth anniversary of the WW II battle there, said that he believes the former USSR will be resurrected and will "again become a superpower which can guarantee peace on earth." His speech was broadcast on Russian TV on 5 August. He said that former Soviet citizens were "united and indivisible" and will "again acquire the lofty title of Soviet people" when the present "harsh ordeals" were overcome. He asserted that the "Soviet people" must reunite, otherwise they would be "destroyed." He blamed the democrats for the collapse of the Soviet Union. In playing the patriotic card, Rutskoi is being vigorously supported by parliamentary speaker Ruslan Khasbulatov who also met war veterans in Kursk. -Alexander Rahr VADIM BAKATIN CRITICIZES BARANNIKOV'S DISMISSAL. The dismissal of Minister of Security Viktor Barannikov is a sign that Yeltsin's leadership has abandoned "political balance," the former chief of the USSR Interior Ministry and the KGB, Vadim Bakatin, told Moskovskie novosti (no. 32). Bakatin, who presided over the dismantling of the KGB in 1991, also said that to accuse Barannikov of violating "ethical norms" looked lame, given the background of alleged corruption in the present government. Similarly, to accuse Barannikov of having shared intelligence information with the Russian parliament was a weak argument, because this was, in fact, his duty. Bakatin stressed that the state security forces must be kept out of the political infighting by all possible means. -Victor Yasmann TRANSCAUCASIA AND CENTRAL ASIA SHEVARDNADZE CALLS FOR STRONG LEADERSHIP. Addressing the Georgian parliament on 5 August, Parliamentary Speaker Eduard Shevardnadze stated that Georgia needs centralized power and the introduction of an emergency regime to avoid anarchy and chaos, ITAR-TASS reported. He added that "whoever the head of state is, his word must be law for the bodies subordinate to him." Shevardnadze made these remarks as the Cabinet of Ministers and parliament reached a stalemate concerning the state budget bill. Parliament is scheduled to resume the budget debate on 6 August. -Catherine Dale TAJIK REACTION TO KOZYREV APPEAL. Tajik Deputy Prime Minister Abdujalil Samadov told a Reuters correspondent on 5 August that Tajikistan's government refuses to accede to Russian Foreign Minister Andrei Kozyrev's appeal that they negotiate with opposition leaders to end the fighting in Tajikistan. On 4-August ITAR-TASS reported that the head of the opposition Islamic Renaissance Party, Muhammadsharif Himmatzoda, said in Kabul that he is prepared to negotiate with the Tajik government. Western and Russian agencies reported on 5 August that officials in the Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Oblast are continuing to demand that Tajik government troops be removed from the region after 40 civilians were killed earlier in the week in bombing raids. The government has said that the raids were directed at opposition forces who had blockaded the Dushanbe-Khorog road. -Bess Brown CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE WILL THE GENEVA PEACE TALKS CONTINUE? INTERNATIONAL MEDIATORS THORVALD STOLTENBERG AND LORD OWEN ANNOUNCED ON 5 AUGUST THAT BOSNIA'S WARRING SIDES ARE EXPECTED TO RESUME TALKS ON 9 AUGUST. Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic agreed to lift the siege of Sarajevo and remove "all obstacles" hindering the talks with the Muslim government, international media report. After a meeting with UN commander Francis Briquemont in the Serb headquarters in Pale, he proposed that Serbian forces withdraw from Mt. Igman and Mt. Bjelasnica and hand over the positions to UN troops. The Serbs would also restore electricity and water services and allow the reopening of two key roads leading to Zenica and Konjic. But Briquemont said: "Actions speak louder than words." After consultations with the mediators, Bosnian President Alija Izetbegovic said, "we keep insisting on the withdrawal" and added that the discussions with the mediators have failed to make progress on a map for a new union of three ethnic republics. Meanwhile, NATO officials are making a list of military targets that might be attacked. Elsewhere, a convoy of about 1,000 peace activists arrived safely in Prozor, a few kilometers from the front lines. The organizers hope to reach Sarajevo when the road is safe enough to travel. -Fabian Schmidt "THE MOST VIOLENT CLASHES" IN CENTRAL BOSNIA. Western news agencies quoted UN sources as saying that Croat and Muslim forces on 5 August engaged in the fiercest fighting since the start of hostilities around Gornji Vakuf. Politika on 6 August cites Muslim-controlled Radio Zenica as saying that the Croats are using aircraft in an otherwise unconfirmed report. That same day Hina noted hand-to-hand fighting in Mostar with a number of buildings going up in flames. Meanwhile in Sarajevo, Bosnian President Alija Izetbegovic proposed to the Croats that they and the Muslims set up a joint republic within Bosnia to prevent further ethnic cleansing and population dislocation, Borba writes on 6-August. The Croats are likely to turn a deaf ear to the idea, and a recent newspaper poll suggests that 60% of Croats feel that the alliance with the Muslims is beyond repair. Nonetheless, Vecernji list of 6 August reports that 19 Croatian opposition parties have issued a joint statement calling on the government to respect the boundaries of both Croatia and Bosnia. President Franjo Tudjman is widely believed to favor instead some sort of "grand deal" with the Serbs to redraw frontiers among the former Yugoslav republics. -Patrick Moore TENSION CONTINUES AROUND THE MASLENICA BRIDGE. The BBC's Serbian and Croatian Services reported on 5 August that Serb gunners shelled the pontoon structure while engineers were trying to repair and refloat it by the end of the week. Tanjug, however, quotes local Serb forces as claiming that the Croats staged the attack themselves, but this account does not seem compatible with most other reports from the scene. Hina on 6 August says that Croatia's supreme defense body met the previous evening and urged all necessary measures to get the bridge back in working order. The Zagreb government and President Tudjman in particular have made the reopening of the bridge a prime political issue going well beyond the economic importance of the structure for Dalmatia and its wobbly economy. Meanwhile, Globus reports that Croatian armed forces outnumber the rebel Serbs by at least four to one. Tudjman and other top leaders have not ruled out a military option to dislodge Serb rebels from the area they hold, about 25% of the republic's territory. -Patrick Moore KOSOVO UPDATE. The Kosovo exile newspaper Rilindija reported on 5 August on the growing number of brutal police raids all over Kosovo. The raids picked up in intensity after 23 July, when three policemen were seriously wounded in a gun attack on a police station in Prizren. On 26 July one policeman was shot and wounded in Podujevo. It was the latest of four violent incidents in the past two months involving Serb security forces in the region, where about 90% of the population are ethnic Albanians. At the end of July the CSCE had to withdraw its monitors from Kosovo, Vojvodina, and the Sandzak after Serbia refused to extend the CSCE's mandate. Finally, possibly signaling a new policy twist, Kosovo Albanian leader Ibrahim Rugova said, according to Ilirija of 31 July, "If the west accepts the ethnic principle for Bosnia and the change of borders for the republic, than we shall have to take new measures." -Fabian Schmidt BULGARIA SEEKS TRANSIT THROUGH RUMP YUGOSLAVIA. Deputy Foreign Minister Todor Churov told a press conference on 5 August that the Bulgarian government plans to ask the UN for the right to transport goods through Serbia, Western agencies and BTA report. Previous requests have been rejected on the grounds that a transit corridor could lead to violations of the UN-imposed embargo. Churov said any new proposals will include measures that eliminate sanctions-busting, indicating that trucks could be rigged with high-tech electronic equipment to insure that they do not fall under Serbian control. Churov stressed that Bulgaria must be allowed to move goods through Serbia because the sanctions have pushed the national economy to the brink of ruin. -Stan Markotich BULGARIAN EX-PREMIER INDICTED. Andrey Lukanov, a deputy of the Bulgarian Socialist Party and prime minister in 1990, has been charged with having diverted $60 million in state funds to Bulgaria's political allies in the Third World in the late 1980s. On 5 August officials of the National Investigation Service formally charged Lukanov, who served as Minister of Foreign Economic Relations in 1987-89, for his role in donating hard currency, arms, and other forms of assistance to several communist and leftist organizations abroad. Between 1981 and 1989, Bulgaria allocated funds to Yemen, Nicaragua, and the Palestine Liberation Front, as well as leftist parties in Chile, Honduras, and Bangladesh. Prosecutors told Reuters that 21 other former communist functionaries will be indicted in the coming weeks. Lukanov, who was stripped of his parliamentary immunity in June 1992 and subsequently served several months in jail, could face 30 years in prison if convicted. -Kjell Engelbrekt ALBANIAN MISCELLANY. Reuters reports on 5 August that Albania is willing to accept up to 5,000 Bosnian refugees. Plans to build a refugee camp are already underway with funds provided by Saudi Arabia. Albania is a member of the Organization of Islamic Conference and the Islamic Development Bank. In local developments, 32 people who took part in last week's rally sponsored by Albania's Socialist Party are facing trial, according to a 5 August Reuters report. The rally had been called to protest the arrest of Socialist Party leader Fatos Nano. In a letter published in Zeri i Popullit on 6 August, Nano delivered an impassioned plea from "Cell No. 5" of a Tirana prison for his supporters to oppose totalitarianism and defend the democratic process in Albania. Meanwhile, Akis Tsochatzopoulos, the secretary-general of PASOK, the Greek socialist party, denounced the decision to arrest Nano and called for his immediate release. Finally, on 6 August Rilindja Demokratike reports a meeting between the ruling Democratic Party and its former coalition partner, the Albanian Social Democratic Party. The SDP is currently boycotting parliament because of delays in preparing a new constitution. The meeting seems to have laid the groundwork for the return of the SDP to parliament. -Robert Austin SUCHOCKA DEFENDS PRIVATIZATION. "If the government does not make a decision, it is criticized for passivity. If it makes one, it is immediately charged with election campaigning." This is how Prime Minister Hanna Suchocka described the current predicament of the Polish government during her regular press conference on 5-August. Pointing to the nation's 1993 industrial growth rate of 9%, Suchocka said that Poland remains poor but has become a developing country. She defended privatization as necessary to improve economic efficiency and preserve jobs, but acknowledged that abuses occur. In this context, Suchocka announced that prosecutors are investigating the Porcelana factory in Walbrzych, where the new owners apparently channeled profits into their own salaries rather than, as promised, into investment. Suchocka defended the recent joint sale of two cement factories to a Belgian firm, seized upon by many opposition parties as a campaign issue, as "extraordinarily beneficial." Turning to the recent eviction by force of a small-town mayor by activists from Self Defense, Suchocka called the union's actions "impermissible" and indicated that the justice minister would "draw conclusions." -Louisa Vinton ENERGY PRICE HIKES HALTED IN POLAND. Suchocka also announced on 5 August that the government has postponed price hikes on coal for industrial use. The coal industry had planned hikes of 30-50% for August; coal for consumer use would not be affected. The newly created mining consortiums were counting on the price hikes to eliminate indebtedness and help finance restructuring. Polish coal prices are still below world levels, while the mines' debts amount to more than 30 trillion zloty ($1.7-billion), PAP reports. Mining officials also stress that electricity producers, the recipients of industrial coal, run a profit while the mines run huge losses. The consortiums, which planned the price hikes together, have come under fire for abusing their monopolistic position. Polish coal mines employ 400,000 people. The government also appears to have postponed an 8% hike in gasoline prices scheduled for August. The increase, stipulated in the 1993 budget, is a requirement set by the World Bank. -Louisa Vinton RUSSIAN WITHDRAWAL FROM POLAND RESUMES. Russian military officials in Poland have agreed to withdraw their special communications brigade from Rembertow on 6 August, PAP reports. The Rembertow brigade is the last remaining organized unit in Poland. The Russian commander unilaterally halted the withdrawal on 3 August because of a dispute with Polish authorities over the site for the Russian military mission that is to oversee the transit of troops from Germany. Polish officials said they had offered further talks on the location of the mission, on the condition that the withdrawal be completed. Poland has also demanded clarification of the status of diplomatic buildings that the Russian embassy has illicitly rented out for commercial use. The Polish government has proposed that the mission be located in one of these, while the Russians would like to use quarters in Rembertow. Quoting Russian embassy sources, Gazeta Wyborcza reported on 5 August that most of the troops had in fact left the country on 4 August because food supplies for the trip began to rot. -Louisa Vinton KLAUS AGAIN COMMENTS ON SPYING SCANDAL. Speaking at a press conference in Prague on 5 August, Czech Prime Minister Vaclav Klaus told journalists that the scandal surrounding the case of Vaclav Wallis, an agent of the former Federal Bureau of Intelligence and Security who allegedly sold sensitive information to Viktor Kozeny, chairman of the largest investment fund in the Czech Republic, is "unfortunate and unnecessary." Klaus argued that the scandal is "an ideological attack at the transformation of the Czech Republic." The premier criticized the media for "inflating" the Wallis case. He described as "absolute nonsense" media reports that his Civic Democratic Party has been building its own intelligence service. In a related development, on 5 August Kozeny asked the Minister of Internal Affairs for providing him with police protection. A ministry official told CTK that Kozeny already has his own bodyguards. -Jiri Pehe SLOVAK NATIONAL PARTY STILL FAVORS COALITION. A proclamation released to TASR by SNP Deputy Chairman Anton Hrnko on 5 August states that his party is still convinced that a coalition with the Movement for a Democratic Slovakia "is the best solution for stabilizing political and economic development in Slovakia." At the same time, Hrnko called Prime Minister Vladimir Meciar's 4 August statement about the SNP "unworthy of a prime minister of the Slovak Republic." Hrnko added that his party "will not respond to personal attacks and fabricated allegations." Meanwhile, Mikulas Dzurinda, the economic expert of the Christian Democratic Movement, was also critical of Meciar in a 5 August CDM press conference. Dzurinda claimed that the coalition talks are just a "game" organized by the MDS "to distract the public's attention away from the present problems." -Sharon Fisher HUNGARY'S FREE DEMOCRATS OBJECT TO REBURIAL OF HORTHY. The operating committee of the Association of Free Democrats said that the party, the second largest opposition party in parliament, will oppose making the planned reburial of Admiral Miklos Horthy an official or even semiofficial function, in light of both foreign and domestic political pressures, MTI reports. Horthy lead Hungary for 25 years, from 1919 to 1944. His body will be brought back by his family from Portugal, where he died in exile in 1957, to be reinterred in the family crypt at Kenderes on 4 September. Should the government make the ceremonies even semiofficial, the AFD said, the party will do everything in its power to express its disapproval. The government has said that Prime Minister Jozsef Antall and a number of ministers will be present at the reburial, but only as a private citizens. -Karoly Okolicsanyi JIU VALLEY UPDATE. Miron Cosma, the leader of Romania's striking miners, said on 5-August he has sent a compromise wage proposal to the government that would reduce the costs of meeting the miners' demands, Reuters reports. However, government spokeswoman Doina Jalea told RFE/RL that Cosma's proposal is "trickery" and represents no real attempt at compromise. She said the plan appears to reduce the miners' demands for pay increases, but then includes bonuses that would nullify the reduction. The miners, Jalea said, have done this to make their demands seem "less daring" in the media, adding that the government has no intention of yielding and paying more than the average wage increase agreed upon last month. In another development, Radio Bucharest said on 5 August that the miners in another area, the Trotus Valley, have gone on strike. A spokesman for the Trotus Valley miners said their strike is not one of solidarity with the Jiu Valley miners, but is a protest against the low bonuses paid on Miners' Day, 5 August. The director-general of the RENEL electricity company told Radio Bucharest listeners that supplies of coal have fallen to a point that makes imports unavoidable, and this will have to be reflected in the prices paid by consumers. -Michael Shafir "DNIESTER" LEADER GETS RUSSIAN PASSPORT. Russia's Foreign Ministry has issued a diplomatic passport to "Dniester republic" Supreme Soviet chairman Grigorii Marakutsa and applied on 27 July at the US Embassy in Moscow for a US entry visa for him, Moldova's Foreign Ministry complained in a protest note to Russia's Foreign Ministry. As reported by Basapress on 5 August, the Moldovan note expressed "serious concern" over the Russian Foreign Ministry's disregard of international law in this and other cases and asked Russia's Foreign Ministry to withdraw the passports for foreign travel it has recently issued to residents of Moldova (from the left bank of the Dniester) who are not citizens of the Russian Federation. -Vladimir Socor RUSSIAN AS A SECOND STATE LANGUAGE IN THE DONBAS? SEVERAL PARLIAMENTARY DEPUTIES, INCLUDING PAVLO MOVCHAN AND ROMAN IVANYCHUK, WHO ARE LEADERS OF THE UKRAINIAN LANGUAGE SOCIETY, AN ORGANIZATION COMMITTED TO THE PROTECTION AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE LANGUAGE, HAVE PROTESTED TO THE PRESIDENT AND SPEAKER OF PARLIAMENT ABOUT WHAT THEY CLAIM ARE "ILLEGAL" AND "PROVOCATIVE" MOVES TO MAKE RUSSIAN A SECOND STATE LANGUAGE IN THE DONBAS REGION. Various deputies and activists from this industrialized and heavily Russified region (ethnic Ukrainians still constitute a slight majority) have been calling for Russian to be given an equal status with Ukrainian, the official state language. on 28-July, however, the Donetsk regional council decided to carry out a local poll on this issue during the country-wide referendum scheduled for 26 September about confidence in the President and the Ukrainian parliament. According to Literaturna Ukraina of 5-August, Movchan and Ivanychuk question the political motives behind this campaign. They stress that the Russian language in the Donbas region, where, as in Crimea (though to considerably lesser extent), there is a pro-Russian centrifugal movement, is "not threatened by anyone." -Bohdan Nahaylo CONTROVERSY CONCERNING RUSSIAN TROOP PULLOUT FROM LITHUANIA. Foreign Minister Povilas Gilys has been sharply criticized by Romualdas Ozolas, member of the delegation for talks with Russia, for prematurely sending information to Russian President Boris Yeltsin about the Lithuanian version of the draft treaty on troop withdrawals. The treaty was not signed on 5 August, as had been planned; instead, the Lithuanian delegation arrived that day in Moscow to resume talks. A Russian spokesman dismissed the Lithuanian claims for compensation for the damage done by the troops and warned that attempts to square accounts with Russia would turn into losses for stability in the region, Baltic media report. -Dzintra Bungs LATVIAN CULTURE MINISTER RESIGNS. State Minister of Culture Raimonds Pauls has resigned from office, Diena reported on 4 August. Pauls walked out of the first official meeting of the Cabinet of Ministers on 3 August when a proposal to liquidate the Ministry of Culture came up for discussion. Pauls found the proposal, made in an effort to streamline the government, and the way it had been prepared unacceptable. On 5-August Pauls accepted an offer by President Guntis Ulmanis to become a presidential advisor on culture, Diena reports. -Dzintra Bungs LATVIAN OFFICIALS VISIT RUSSIAN SPACE CENTER. Baltic media report that for the first time Latvian officials were allowed to visit a Russian space tracking station located in a "military village" some 36 kilometers from Ventspils on 4 August. There are currently about 100 officers and 20 soldiers at the base, which monitors and analyzes signals from space installations. Ilgonis Upmalis, head of the Latvian office monitoring the Russian troop withdrawals from Latvia, said that he and his men were allowed to see nearly everything except the decoding apparatus. Upmalis added that the visit was probably scheduled in anticipation of the visit of a UN delegation in September. -Dzintra Bungs [As of 1200 CET] Compiled by Wendy Slater and Charles Trumbull THE RFE/RL DAILY REPORT IS PRODUCED BY THE RFE/RL RESEARCH INSTITUTE (A DIVISION OF RADIO FREE EUROPE/RADIO LIBERTY, INC.) with the assistance of the RFE/RL News and Current Affairs Division (NCA). The report is available by electronic mail via LISTSERV (RFERL-L@UBVM.CC.BUFFALO.EDU), on the Sovset' computer bulletin board, by fax, and by postal mail. For inquiries about specific news items, subscriptions, or additional copies, please contact: in North America: Mr. Brian Reed, RFE/RL, Inc., 1201 Connecticut Avenue NW, Washington, DC-20036 Telephone: (202) 457-6912 or -6907; Fax: (202) 457-6992 or 828-8783; Internet: RIDC@RFERL.ORG or Elsewhere: Ms. Helga Hofer, Publications Department, RFE/RL Research Institute, Oettingenstrasse 67, 80538 Munich, Germany;.Telephone: (+49 89) 2102-2631 or -2624; Fax: (+49 89) 2102-2648, Internet: PD@RFERL.ORG 1993, RFE/RL, Inc. All rights reserved.RRFE/RL Daily Report
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