|The fool wonders, the wise man asks. - Benjamin Disraeli|
No. 141, 27 July 1993
RUSSIA YELTSIN EASES CURRENCY REFORM. On 26 July, President Boris Yeltsin signed a decree "On Ensuring the Normal Functioning of the Monetary System of the Russian Federation," easing some provisions of the Russian Central Bank's instruction of 24 July, ITAR-TASS reported. Under the decree individuals may exchange up to 100,000 rubles' worth of old banknotes, and they have until 31 August to effect the exchange. 10,000ruble notes, first printed in 1992, will retain their validity, and may be exchanged without any limit. Some smaller denomination ruble notes will also be retained for the time being. The decree came in the wake of considerable confusion and panic, and after censures of the original currency reform from, among others, the Ministry of Finance, Parliamentary Speaker Khasbulatov, the Prosecutor General, and spokesmen for several former Soviet republics. The countermeasure raises questions about who knew of the original measure and when did they know it, about the president's relationships with his prime minister and with his reformist ministers, and about who's in charge. -Keith Bush YELTSIN REINSTATES MAY PRIVATIZATION DECREE. With another decree signed on 26-July, President Yeltsin reinstated and expanded his 13 May decree aimed at guaranteeing Russian citizens' rights to participate in privatization, Radio Rossiya reported. The new decree provides for 80% of the value of an enterprise up for sale to be purchased with vouchers, and it raises the number of medium and large enterprises that must be auctioned off by the end of 1993. The decree appears to override or supersede the suspension by parliament on 20 July of the May decree, and its referral to the Constitutional Court. It apparently did not touch on the parliament's resolution of the same date to strip the State Property Committee of its control over the privatization program. -Keith Bush MINISTER OF SECURITY REPRIMANDED, BORDER TROOPS COMMANDER DISMISSED. President Yeltsin announced at a meeting of the Security Council that Minister of Security Viktor Barannikov has been reprimanded for his ministry's lack of preparedness for events on the Afghanistan-Tajikistan border, ITAR-TASS reported on 26 July. Yeltsin also dismissed Barannikov's deputy and Commander of Russian Border Troops, Vladimir Shlyakhtin. During a recent clash between Russian Border Troops and Tajik anti-government rebels backed by Afghan forces more than 20-Russian soldiers were killed; the Border Troops are part of the Ministry of Security. Yeltsin also criticized the lack of coordination between the Ministry of Security, the Ministry of Defense and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The Security Council decided to entrust coordination of the Russian response to the crisis to the Minister of Defense, Pavel Grachev. -Victor Yasmann CHECHNYA, INGUSHETIA AGREE NOT TO DEMARCATE COMMON FRONTIER. Chechen President Dzhokhar Dudaev and Ingush President Ruslan Aushev agreed in Grozny on 23 July that there would be no demarcation of the frontier between Chechnya and Ingushetia and that it would not be a state frontier, ITAR-TASS reported. The agreement also stipulates that no third party will be allowed to take part or mediate in talks on territorial questions. The frontier is a disputed one, with Chechnya laying claim to sizable portions of two of the three raions of the former Chechen-Ingush ASSR that Ingushetia considers belong to it, and it is not at all clear how this new agreement will work in practice. -Ann Sheehy PARLIAMENT RESTRICTS FOREIGN BANKS. Parliament passed a resolution on 22 July restricting the activity of foreign banks on Russian financial markets, the Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung reported on 24 July. According to the resolution all banks with foreign ownership shares of 50% or more will be limited to conducting business with foreign businesses and individuals over 1994 and 1995. These banks are also required to reregister with the Central Bank before 1-January 1994 or have their licenses revoked. The Russian Central Bank head and members of the government have strongly criticized the action. -Erik Whitlock GRAIN IMPORTS DOWN IN 1993. Prime Minister Viktor Chernomyrdin has forecast that grain imports in 1993 may be cut to 14 million tons, and that imports in 1994 could be reduced to 5-6 million tons. His statement appeared in Argumenty i fakty, as quoted by Reuters on 23 July. This and similar projections are based on the prospects for a good grain harvest in 1993. Estimates of the gross outturn range from 107 million to 125 million tons, although Agricultural Minister Viktor Khlystun has warned of possibly heavy losses owing to shortages of equipment and fuel. -Keith Bush NATIONAL SALVATION FRONT "GOES ON OFFENSIVE." The organization grouping Russia's pro-communist and nationalist opposition, the National Salvation Front (NSF), held its second congress on 24-25 July. Delegates from about 60 Russian regions and from other CIS countries attended. The congress' concluding statement said that the NSF was going "on the offensive," according to Ostankino TV. It called for the formation of a "government of national salvation," subordinated to the Congress of People's Deputies and entitled to introduce emergency measures; and for the abolition of the presidency. Communist leader Gennadii Zyuganov told ITAR-TASS that organizational changes would require the total obedience of NSF member organizations to the leadership; other reports implied that some member organizations on the nationalist wing had quit the NSF. -Wendy Slater BELEAGUERED STEPASHIN DISMISSES ARMY CORRUPTION CHARGES. Visiting the headquarters of the Western Group of Forces on 26 July, the chairman of Russia's parliamentary Committee for Defense and State Security, Sergei Stepashin, said accusations that corruption is rife among military commanders in Germany are groundless and should be dropped, ITAR-TASS reported. Vice President Aleksandr Rutskoi has been among the loudest critics of alleged illegal economic activity by Russian military leaders in Germany. Stepashin himself has come under fire increasingly of late, and there have been rumors of threats to dissolve his committee. On 22 July Russian television reported that a group of hard-line deputies, including a leader of the Army Reform faction, Vitalii Urazhtsev, had issued a declaration blaming Stepashin for the enduring failure to produce a Russian military doctrine and for what they said were catastrophic conditions within the army. -Stephen Foye KOZYREV PROPOSES ASIAN SECURITY GROUPING. Foreign Minister Andrei Kozyrev, addressing a consultative meeting of ASEAN foreign ministers in Singapore on 24 July, proposed the creation of a "regional security community" in the Asian-Pacific region whose mechanisms would include centers for preventing conflicts and for overseeing arms trading in the region, and a Russian-ASEAN committee to coordinate Russia's broader dealings with Southeast Asian nations. Kozyrev also urged the establishment of joint ventures with ASEAN states for processing raw materials, shipbuilding, port management, fishing, and conversion of Russian defense industries, ITAR-TASS reported. On 23 July, according to The Straits Times, Kozyrev defended Russia's efforts to sell arms to ASEAN member states, insisting that Russian military hardware is "beneficial to stability in the region." Kozyrev was in Singapore as a guest of the ASEAN foreign ministers. Reports by Reuters and AFP suggested that Washington, fearful of potential instability in the region, had pushed hard for inclusion of both Russia and China in the proceedings. -Stephen Foye TRANSCAUCASIA AND CENTRAL ASIA ABKHAZIA ACCEPTS CEASEFIRE PLAN. Following a meeting late on 26 July between Abkhaz Parliament Speaker Vladislav Ardzinba and Russian Special Envoy, the Abkhaz parliament debated and approved a plan to end the conflict with Georgia, Reuters reported. Russian Foreign Minister Andrei Kozyrev arrived in Sochi on 26-July, and observers expect that Russia, Georgia, and Abkhazia will meet there to sign the ceasefire agreement, which Shevardnadze has already approved. -Catherine Dale GAMSAKHURDIA FORCES, KITOVANI UNITE AGAINST SHEVARDNADZE? THE ARMED CONTINGENT LOYAL TO OUSTED GEORGIAN PRESIDENT ZVIAD GAMSAKHURDIA UNDER ITS COMMANDER LOTI KOBALIA AND THE GEORGIAN NATIONAL GUARD UNDER FORMER DEFENSE MINISTER TENGIZ KITOVANI CONVERGED ON THE WEST GEORGIAN TOWN OF SENAKI (FORMERLY TSKHAKAYA) LATE LAST WEEK AND BEGAN A GENERAL MOBILIZATION OF THE POPULATION, A CORRESPONDENT FOR RADIO MAYAK REPORTED FROM BATUMI ON 26 JULY. This move was construed by the Georgian government as portending a strike against Adzharia; government forces were deployed in the Adzhar capital, Batumi, on 25 July. After a telephone conversation between Kobalia and Adzhar Supreme Soviet chairman Aslan Abashidze the former agreed to withdraw from Senaki. -Liz Fuller NEW UZBEK FOREIGN MINISTER APPOINTED. Saidmukhtar S. Saidqasimov has been appointed Foreign Minister of Uzbekistan, replacing Sadiq S. Safaev, the official Uzbek-language daily Ozbekistan avazi reported on 23 July. According to the announcement, Safaev will become Uzbekistan's Ambassador to Germany. Prior to his appointment as Foreign Minister, Saidqasimov was president of the Jihan University of Foreign Languages in Tashkent. -Yalcin Tokgozoglu RUSSIA AND UZBEKISTAN SIGN AGREEMENT ON COOPERATION IN INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES. ITAR-TASS reported on 23 July that an agreement on cooperation in intelligence activities was signed between Russia and Uzbekistan on 22 July. In the agreement both sides called for mutually beneficial cooperation in guaranteeing security; and in defending the political, economic, ecological and defense interests of Russia and Uzbekistan. In the document the two countries also underlined that they would be guided by the principles of equality and non-interference in each other's internal affairs. -Yalcin Tokgozoglu CIS RUSSIAN ENERGY EXPORTS TO CIS DECLINE SHARPLY. Russian exports of crude oil to other members of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) in the first half of 1993 dropped 40% from what they were over the same period last year, the Journal of Commerce reported on 26 July citing Russia's State Committee on Economic Cooperation with the CIS. This year's January to June exports totaled 26.6 million metric tons as opposed to last year's mid-year figure of 44.4-million tons. Natural gas deliveries are also down from last year's level by 50%. These declines seem to exceed the Ministry of Economy's projections of export reductions made earlier this year. The Ministry had planned, for example, on a 30% drop in crude oil exports to the CIS by year-end. Russia has been intentionally lowering its exports of energy products to the CIS over the last two and a half years because of unfavorable terms of trade, payment problems and excessive trade surpluses with the other CIS states. -Erik Whitlock SEVASTOPOL DEMONSTRATION. About 2,000 people demonstrated in Sevastopol on 24-July, demanding that the port city be returned to Russia and criticizing the UN Security Council decision backing Ukraine's jurisdiction over the city, Western agencies reported. The demonstrators were reported to be supporters of the local branch of the Russian National Salvation Front. Among the demonstrators were three Russian parliamentary members, including Yevgenii Pudovkin, head of the parliamentary commission that recommended Sevastopol be recognized as belonging to Russia. -Roman Solchanyk CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE IZETBEGOVIC ARRIVES IN GENEVA. UN commander Lt. Gen. Francis Briquemont accused the Bosnian Serb leaders of breaking promises given to him that the Serbian forces would fully cooperate with the UN, international media reported on 26 July. French peacekeepers in Sarajevo came under heavy, deliberate artillery fire on 25 July. The Serb chief of staff, Gen.-Manojlo Milovanovic, expressed "deep sorrow and condolences," blaming Muslim provocateurs for the attack. The UN commander for Bosnia, Gen. Jean Cot, bitterly dismissed the Serbian explanation and warned of immediate retaliation for attacks on the UN. French Foreign Minister Alain Juppe called for air cover to protect peacekeepers, since NATO has positioned 60-combat aircraft in Italy. UN troops have rarely utilized orders to use "all available means" to fulfill their mission, but on 11 June they killed two Bosnian Croats attacking an aid convoy. Meanwhile, Bosnian President Alija Izetbegovic arrived for peace talks in Geneva. He was unable to get the preconditions he wanted and said: "If there is a way out, this delegation will find it." Izetbegovic came under pressure to negotiate from Fikret Abdic and other Muslims, who see the choice as being a three-way partition of Bosnia or physical extermination of the Muslims. Elsewhere, Serbs advanced, pushing the Muslims back with tank and rocket bombardment in the area around Brcko. Hina of 27 July quotes Muslim commanders in the besieged town as saying on 26 July, that they will not hesitate to use all means, including chemicals, to defend Brcko. -Fabian Schmidt CROATIAN UPDATE. Hina reports on 27 July that Serbian forces the previous day shelled Karlovac near Zagreb and Sinj in the Dalmatian hinterland, while Borba of the same date notes that Canadian UN troops have begun to arrive in the zone near the Maslenica bridge and the Zemunik airport. They will actually take control of the facilities by the end of the week, once the Croatian army has left the area that it retook in its January offensive. Meanwhile, the Croatian press on 27-July continues to run sometimes bitter articles suggesting that the outside world has unjustly victimized that country. Vecernji list notes that Britain and France criticize Croatia for allegedly wanting to carve up Bosnia, while at the same time they urge the Bosnian government to accept just such a partition. Vjesnik carries a tongue-in-cheek article suggesting eight ways in which Croatia could improve its image abroad. They include: accept all international diplomatic initiatives, even those at Croatia's expense; demobilize the army as a good-will gesture; and hold parliamentary elections every six months. Finally, it might be noted that not all foreign affairs coverage in the Croatian media is negative, and that recent weeks have seen a number of positive and even warm articles about and interviews with Peter W. Galbraith, the new US ambassador to Croatia. -Patrick Moore UNIONS CALL FOR GENERAL STRIKE IN SERBIA. Radio Serbia and AFP report on 26 July that the presidium of Serbia's independent trade unions have called for a general strike to begin on 5 August to protest the failure of the government to curb hyper-inflation and the dramatic fall in living standards. Presidium member Tomislav Sanovic reportedly said "the day of reckoning has come" and warned if the government fails to act "a social revolt" is inevitable. Borba reports on 27 July that presidium chairman Milorad Vujasinovic cautioned that the strike must be well-organized and controlled in order to avoid violence-as well as a repeat of the transit strike in Belgrade last March, when the city's transportation system operated more efficiently without unionized drivers. Meanwhile, farmers in the northern Serbian province of Vojvodina blocked several main roads to protest low grain prices. Farmers are demanding that the price of grain be pegged to the German mark and want quick delivery of gasoline and diesel fuel. Vreme in its latest issue comments, "Big politics has destroyed the Serbian economy and reduced it to the level of the poorest African economies." -Milan Andrejevich ALBANIAN PROSECUTOR MOVES AGAINST NANO. According to a 27 July report in Zeri i-Popullit, formal corruption charges against Fatos Nano, leader of the Albanian Socialist Party, are one step nearer. The prosecutor-general has asked parliament to consider removing Nano's parliamentary immunity and the issue has been placed on the parliamentary agenda for this week. The charges against Nano stem from his alleged abuse of his position as prime minister from April to June 1991. The Socialists, the main opposition party, are boycotting parliament because of disagreements that include deep rifts over Albania's new constitution. Sources in Tirana claim that party leaders will meet this evening to discuss strategy, which could mean returning to parliament to block the action against Nano. -Robert Austin ROMANIAN OFFICIALS CLEARED OF CORRUPTION CHARGES. Radio Bucharest reported on 26 July that the general prosecutor's office has decided to take no legal action against three senior officials in the finance ministry who had been accused of corruption. The three-Finance Minister Florin Georgescu and state secretaries Ioan Mihai Popa and Eugen Corneliu Gorcea-figured on an 18-person list produced two months ago by Gen. Gheorghe Florica, former head of a special anticorruption unit. The decision to clear the three of charges of influence-peddling and abuse of office came three days after Defense Minister Nicolae Spiroiu fired Florica for having allegedly offended President Ion Iliescu in a broadcast interview. The prosecutor's move is likely to step up public distrust in the judiciary, which is generally perceived as being packed with former Communists. -Dan Ionescu GASOLINE PRICES RAISED IN ROMANIA. Radio Bucharest reports that gasoline prices were raised by 30% on 23 July to bring prices in line with the devaluation of the leu. -Michael Shafir ILIESCU IN SOUTH AMERICA. On 26 July Romanian President Ion Iliescu began a visit to Argentina, Uruguay, Chile, and Columbia; he will return to Bucharest on 5 August, Radio Bucharest announced. He is accompanied by Foreign Minister Teodor Melescanu and other government officials and businessmen and will sign "general cooperation agreements" during his visits. -Michael Shafir ROMANIA BREAKS UP BIG COCAINE RING. Romanian police broke up a ring involved in smuggling hundreds of kilograms cocaine from the Medellin cartel in Colombia to Western Europe through the Balkans. Reuters reported on 26 July that 10 people were detained but the alleged ringleader escaped arrest. A police spokesman said that Romanian police worked together with the Interpol for one year to smash the ring, which comprises mainly young Romanians who had lived abroad for some time. -Dan Ionescu BULGARIA SETS UP ANTI-DRUG AGENCY. On 26-July the Bulgarian government ordered the establishment of a National Council for the Struggle against Drug Abuse and Drug Trafficking and charged it with overseeing everything from the production and distribution of narcotics for medical use to the struggle against drug abuse and trafficking. The agency will be headed by the minister of health, backed up by expertise from several other ministries. Apart from the fact that drug abuse is spreading in Bulgaria, there has been growing pressure on Sofia to stop drug smuggling to Western Europe via the so-called "Balkan route." -Kjell Engelbrekt BLACK SEA CLEANUP PROJECT LAUNCHED. According to an RFE/RL correspondent in Washington, in a few days a $9.3-million grant from the World Bank and the UN Global Environmental Facility will be announced to support a three-year project to clean up the Black Sea. Bulgaria, Georgia, Romania, Russia, and Ukraine are banding together in the cleanup effort, and Turkey is expected to join shortly. Funds from the GEF grant will be used to launch the first phase of the project, measuring how badly damaged the Black Sea environment has become. Environmental experts in the World Bank's Europe and Central Asia Division say 10 to 20-years may be needed before the Black Sea fishing industry can be revived. -Stan Markotich SNEGUR CRITICIZES RUSSIAN LEADERS. Moldovan President Mircea Snegur said in a televised speech on 26 July that the power struggle in Russia is having a negative effect on Moldova and other former Soviet republics, ITAR-TASS reports. He cited the current dispute in Russia over the withdrawal of old rubles as a "vivid example" of the problems the power struggle is creating. Without naming anyone, he also criticized the "unpredictable" behavior of certain Russian leaders. Snegur said that Moldova's economy has been badly hurt by its heavy dependence on the resources of Russia and other CIS states. At the same time, he added, it would be wrong to overrate such factors. A lot depends on the actions of the Moldovan government. He reiterated the need for Moldova to introduce its own currency before the end of 1993. -Ann Sheehy GASPAROVIC COMMENTS ON OFFERS TO REPLACE MECIAR. Parliament Chairman Ivan Gasparovic told Slovak Radio on 26 July that a deputy of the ruling Movement for a Democratic Slovakia, of which Gasparovic is a high-ranking member, has asked him whether he would consider replacing the movement's leader, Vladimir Meciar, as prime minister. Slovak National Party honorary chairman Jozef Prokes approached Gasparovic with the same offer during the recent SNP-MDS talks on forming a coalition government. Gasparovic denied as "absolute nonsense and fabrication" a CTK report of 25 July that such a possibility was recently discussed in the MDS parliamentary caucus. CTK said it obtained the report from "a reliable source" in parliament. Gasparovic found it "interesting" that the report was carried by the Czech, not the Slovak, press agency. The parliament speaker speculated that spreading such information is aimed at disrupting political life. -Jiri Pehe CZECHS SHOW LITTLE SUPPORT FOR DIALOGUE WITH SUDETEN GERMANS. A public opinion survey conducted in early July by the Institute for Public Opinion Research (IVVM) found that only one quarter of the inhabitants of the Czech Republic support dialogue and negotiations with the Sudeten Germans, CTK reported on 26 July. Asked whether talks should take place, 6% answered yes, definitely; 20% yes, probably; 23% no, probably not; and 39% no, definitely not (12% did not answer). Three quarters of those surveyed believed that the Sudeten Germans are primarily seeking financial compensation or property restitution; other motives such as moral rehabilitation were deemed secondary. Of the 26% who supported dialogue, 48% favored talks at the level of the government or the prime minister; 9% between representatives of regional bodies; 7% between parliamentary representatives; and 5% between experts (historians, sociologists). Opposition to dialogue with the Sudeten Germans stems from the widespread support of the population for the expulsion of the Sudeten Germans at the close of World War-II. According to the survey, 49% consider the policy of expulsion absolutely correct; 27% rather correct; 7% rather incorrect; and 3% completely incorrect (14% did not answer). -Milada Vachudova HUNGARIAN UNEMPLOYMENT RATE DROPS. Hungarian dailies, quoting National Labor Center sources, report that at the end of June unemployment dropped to 657,300, or 12.6% of the total labor force, from 13% in May. Observers are skeptical that the figures reflect a real improvement in the labor market but rather attribute the decline to increased availability of seasonal employment and to fewer people making the effort to register as unemployed, a group estimated at about 60,000 in June alone. Average monthly unemployment compensation was 9,558 forint (about $106). -Karoly Okolicsanyi POLAND PROTESTS LONDON CLUB DEBT TERMS. Finance Minister Jerzy Osiatynski held a press conference on 26 July to express Poland's "concern" at the debt-reduction offer made by the London Club of commercial creditors on 19 July. Poland owes the commercial banks a total of $12.3 billion. Osiatynski argued that Poland cannot afford the repayment terms offered by the club and instead proposes a 50% reduction along the lines of the agreement reached with the Paris Club of government creditors in 1991. In contrast, the London Club has proposed only a 28% reduction that, moreover, would apply only to sums borrowed before 1981. This restriction would bring the real value of the reduction to only about 8% of Poland's total commercial debt, PAP reports. The price for accepting these terms would be the "collapse of reform," Osiatynski warned. He added that the banks had been aware in the 1970s that loans made to Poland were politically rather than economically motivated and were designed to keep a communist government in power. "Poland needs an agreement," Osiatynski concluded, "but not at any price." Commercial bank representatives have argued that Poland's improving economic health means it no longer qualifies for special treatment in debt talks. -Louisa Vinton PROGRESS ON POLISH-LITHUANIAN TREATY. Meeting in Warsaw on 26 July, Polish Prime Minister Hanna Suchocka and her Lithuanian counterpart, Adolfas Slezevicius, agreed to try to sign a bilateral treaty by the end of August 1993. Slezevicius, in Poland to take part in ceremonies at a monument to Lithuanian aviators in Pszczelnik on 25 July, invited Suchocka to attend the opening of a new border crossing at Kalvarija-Budziski on 1-September. In the interest of speeding the completion of the treaty, the two leaders agreed to confine "historical questions" to a separate declaration. This was interpreted by the Polish media to mean that Slezevicius had agreed to drop a contentious clause in the Lithuanian draft of the treaty that would have condemned the "invasion" of Vilnius by Polish troops in 1920. Lithuania is the only one of Poland's seven neighbors with which a bilateral treaty has not been concluded. Talks were stalled for years because of disagreements over the rights of the Polish minority in Lithuania and differing assessments of historical conflicts between the two nations. Negotiations on two draft versions of the new treaty opened on 19 July in Warsaw, however, and were reported to be amicable. A second round of talks is scheduled for 16-17 August in Vilnius. -Louisa Vinton BALTS LARGELY UNAFFECTED BY RUSSIA'S RUBLE EXCHANGE. The turmoil in Russia caused by the government's decision to exchange the older rubles did not spill over into the Baltic States, principally because they have their own currencies. Latvian bankers pointed out that some impact may be felt by financial institutions that do business in cash rubles. Baltic media reported on 26 July that the Bank of Estonia has about 2 billion Russian rubles which are to be turned over to Russia; it is not clear what effect the ruble exchange will have on this process. The Lithuanian Central Bank is reported to have about half a billion rubles in cash-mostly worn out notes. -Dzintra Bungs US, SWEDEN HELP FUND ROUND TABLE IN ESTONIA. On 26 July a State Department spokesman announced that the US is contributing $15,000 for administrative costs of holding round-table talks between national minorities in Estonia and the government, a RFE/RL correspondent in Washington reports. Swedish Foreign Minister Margaretha af Ugglas announced in Stockholm that Sweden would give 50,000 kronor for the same purpose, Baltic media report. At the initiative of Estonian President Lennart Meri, two such round tables were held in July with representatives of the Russian communities in Narva and Sillamae, where referendums on local autonomy were held after the passage of a law on aliens that they deem discriminatory. A third round table is scheduled in August. -Saulius Girnius RUSSIA TO GIVE UP PALDISKI IN MID-AUGUST? ESTONIAN MINISTER OF INTERNAL AFFAIRS LAGLE PAREK TOLD THE PRESS THAT SHE EXPECTS ESTONIA TO REGAIN JURISDICTION OVER PALDISKI AND THE RUSSIAN MILITARY BASE THERE ON 10-AUGUST WHEN ESTONIANS WILL TAKE OVER PATROLLING THE INSTALLATIONS AND THEIR SURROUNDINGS FROM THE RUSSIAN MILITARY POLICE. -Dzintra Bungs [As of 1200 CET] Compiled by Bess Brown and Charles Trumbull THE RFE/RL DAILY REPORT IS PRODUCED BY THE RFE/RL RESEARCH INSTITUTE (A DIVISION OF RADIO FREE EUROPE/RADIO LIBERTY, INC.) with the assistance of the RFE/RL News and Current Affairs Division (NCA). The report is available by electronic mail via LISTSERV (RFERL-L@UBVM.CC.BUFFALO.EDU), on the Sovset' computer bulletin board, by fax, and by postal mail. For inquiries about specific news items, subscriptions, or additional copies, please contact: in North America: Mr. Brian Reed, RFE/RL, Inc., 1201 Connecticut Avenue NW, Washington, DC-20036 Telephone: (202) 457-6912 or -6907; Fax: (202) 457-6992 or 828-8783; Internet: RIDC@RFERL.ORG or Elsewhere: Ms. Helga Hofer, Publications Department, RFE/RL Research Institute, Oettingenstrasse 67, 80538 Munich, Germany;.Telephone: (+49 89) 2102-2631 or -2624; Fax: (+49 89) 2102-2648, Internet: PD@RFERL.ORG 1993, RFE/RL, Inc. All rights reserved.
write to us
with your comments and suggestions.