|To live is so startling, it leaves little time for anything else. - Emily Dickinson|
No. 131, 13 July 1993
RUSSIA CONSTITUTIONAL ASSEMBLY APPROVES DRAFT CONSTITUTION. 433 of 585 delegates at the Constitutional Assembly approved on 12 July a draft constitution that had been worked out by a conciliatory commission set up by the assembly in late June. Reuters and ITAR-TASS said that the draft gives the president powers to dissolve the parliament and call elections. It eliminates the vice-presidency, now held by Yeltsin's opponent Aleksandr Rutskoi. Addressing the delegates before the vote, President Yeltsin said "the new Russia needs a new constitution." The president later told reporters that he was satisfied with the draft constitution. The document is now going to be debated in the parliaments of Russia's republics and regions. Vera Tolz REPUBLICS AND REGIONS UNHAPPY ABOUT DRAFT CONSTITUTION. A number of Russia's republics and regions are still unhappy with the division of power between federal, republican and regional bodies as spelled out in the draft constitution, Russian and Western agencies reported on 12 July. Several leaders of Russia's regions (oblasts and krais) were dissatisfied with the fact that the draft calls republics "sovereign states," whereas the regions do not enjoy this status. Thus, the draft retains the present inequality of status between republics and regions, regional leaders complained. In turn, the deputy chairman of the parliament of Sakha (Yakutia), Egor Larionov, objected to the clause in the draft that gives the federal constitution and federal laws priority over republican laws. Larionov also said that the Constitutional Assembly was not a legislative organ and therefore its delegates should not have voted on the draft constitution. The last word should be given to republican and regional parliaments, he insisted. Summing up the reactions of republics and regions to the draft constitution, presidential spokesman Vyacheslav Kostikov said that getting the draft approved by local parliaments "may be an even more strained stage" of the process than the actual drafting of the document. Vera Tolz KHASBULATOV AND RUTSKOI MEET NATIONALISTS. Parliamentary speaker Ruslan Khasbulatov and Vice President Aleksandr Rutskoi met a group of Russian intellectuals, including nationalist writers such as Aleksandr Prokhanov, Yurii Bondarev, Petr Proskurin and other writers, poets and composers in the Russian parliament building, Russian TV's Vesti newscast reported on 8 July. Khasbulatov said that the parliament won't permit a deterioration of the financial situation of the cultural sphere and asked the audience for advice on how to act on this matter in the future. Rutskoi was less outspoken but emphasized the need to take extraordinary steps in politics. Prokhanov praised Khasbulatov and Rutskoi for having joined ranks with the nationalist opposition to President Boris Yeltsin. Alexander Rahr RUSSIA OFFERS HELICOPTERS TO THAILAND. ITAR-TASS, quoting a Japanese source, reported on 11 July that Moscow has offered to sell 20 Mi-17V military helicopters to Thailand to repay a debt of some $65 million incurred by Russian rice purchases. On 6 July AFP had reported a Russian offer to supply Thailand, traditionally equipped by the US, with 33 Mi-17V helicopters. AFP said that the deal was worth $130 million (at $3.9 million per helicopter) and described it as a semi-barter deal for rice and cash. Whatever the exact terms of the negotiations, the "food for weapons" offer appears to be part of an emerging sales strategy devised by Moscow to break into the Southeast Asian arms market. Earlier, Russia reportedly agreed to accept some $1 billion worth of palm oil from Malaysia as partial payment for a consignment of 18 MiG-29's. Stephen Foye SOBER PROJECTIONS FOR 1993. The Control and Budget Committee of the parliament foresees a 12.5% decline in output in 1993, Ostankino TV reported on 9 July. The committee expects wholesale prices to rise by a factor of 10-12 and retail prices to increase by a factor of 5-7 in the wake of deregulated fuel prices. Its specialists predict a drop of 25% in the volume of personal consumption. Keith Bush CHANGE IN DEFENSE CONVERSION POLICY? A GROUP OF LEADING RESEARCH INSTITUTES IN THE DEFENSE INDUSTRY HAS NEARLY COMPLETED THE REVISION OF THE STATE POLICY FOR CONVERSION, ITAR-TASS REPORTED ON 12 JULY. The document referred to is presumably the draft conversion program that was approved by senior cabinet ministers on 3 June. The main departure from previous conversion guidelines appears to be the recommendation that defense enterprises move rapidly to market conditions by means of widespread privatization. Until now, much or most of the defense industry has been kept off the privatization schedule on secrecy and environmental grounds. Keith Bush TRIPARTITE COMMISSION ON SOCIO-LABOR RELATIONS. The Russian tripartite commission on regulating socio-labor relations (comprising representatives of government, employer and employee organizations) has expressed concern about work conditions for those employees working for organizations financed directly from the state budget, Russian television reported on 10 July. The commission noted that due to under-financing there have been threats of strikes in the health, education, and other branches. It was decided to call an extraordinary meeting of the commission on 16 July, at which the government is being asked to inform the members of its plans for financing the so-called budget organizations. The commission also supported the trade unions of the defense industry and atomic energy branches in their request that financing of the nuclear centers of Arzamas-16 and Chelyabinsk-70 be guaranteed and adjusted for inflation. Sheila Marnie RUSSIAN CONVERTIBLE CURRENCY LOAN TO CUBA. A Russian government spokesman told an RFE/RL correspondent on 9 July that Moscow plans to give Cuba a loan of $380 million to complete twelve projects that were contracted before the collapse of the Soviet Union. The loan was reportedly agreed to at recently completed talks in Moscow between Deputy Prime Minister Aleksandr Shokhin and Cuban Deputy Prime Minister Lionel Soto. Keith Bush RUSSIAN CULTURE MINISTER OPPOSES RETURN OF NATIONAL TREASURES. In an interview published in the latest issue of Newsweek, Russian Culture Minister Evgenii Sidorov has reaffirmed his opposition to the return by Russia of national cultural and historical treasures to the non-Russian former republics. "I'm against it," he declared, arguing that Russia in fact helped the non-Russian republics "form their museums" from Russian collections and "reserves." In February 1992 the leaders of all the CIS states signed an agreement in Minsk on the restitution of national treasures to the countries from which they were removed, but the Russian parliament subsequently refused to ratify the accord. Ukraine, Belarus, Moldova, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan and other CIS states are continuing to press for the return of their national treasures. Bohdan Nahaylo TRANSCAUCASIA AND CENTRAL ASIA GEORGIAN-ABKHAZ PEACE TALKS SUSPENDED. Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Boris Pastukhov stated on 12 July that Russian-mediated peace talks in Moscow failed to produce a ceasefire agreement and have been suspended indefinitely, ITAR-TASS reported. On 12 July, Georgian and Abkhaz representatives presented the positions of their leaderships regarding the ceasefire proposal worked out on 9 July. While the two sides agreed with the provision for troop withdrawal, the Abkhaz negotiators added a new condition: that their parliament and other government institutions be allowed to return to Sukhumi as soon as Georgian troops withdraw. Georgia refused to consider this demand. On 12 July in Tbilisi, after returning from a harrowing stay in the zone of conflict, Georgian Parliament Chair Eduard Shevardnadze stated that a "Georgian offensive is inevitable" if peace talks fail, Western press agencies reported. Catherine Dale RUSSIAN-KYRGYZ MILITARY AGREEMENT SIGNED. On 5 July, Russian Defense Minister Pavel Grachev and Chairman of Kyrgyzstan's State Committee on Defense Dzhanibek Umetaliev signed two agreements on military cooperation between their two countries, Krasnaya zvezda reported on 7 July. One agreement provides for either country to lease land for military installations on the territory of the other, with the rent to be paid in equipment and training. Both sides also undertook to maintain supply systems for military units and to place orders for equipment with local industries. The agreements also covered social and legal protection and provision of housing for military staff stationed on each other's territory. Bess Brown KAZAKHSTANI-RUSSIAN ESTRANGEMENT CONTINUES. On 10 July Radio Rossii and Russian TV carried a report about the ongoing recriminations between Kazakhstan and Russia, noting that the Russian information media is accusing Kazakhstan of not honoring delivery agreements and not paying its bills, while Kazakhstan accuses Russia of trying to push it out of the ruble zone. The latter charge has been articulated by Kazakhstani officials, most notably Prime Minister Sergei Tereshchenko. The radio report noted that it has become standard practice in Kazakhstan to blame every shortcoming in the republic's economy on Russia, and claimed that this is in accord with the instructions of a State Commission on National Policy that was set up in June to define a national ideology for Kazakhstan. Bess Brown UZBEKISTAN, KAZAKHSTAN FORCED TO INTRODUCE OWN CURRENCIES? THE FIRST DEPUTY PRIME MINISTER OF UZBEKISTAN, SHERMAHAMAD URINBAYEV HAS STATED THAT UZBEKISTAN IS BEING FORCED TO DITCH THE RUBLE DUE TO RUSSIA'S UNCOMPROMISING MONETARY POLICIES, AND WILL HAVE TO INTRODUCE ITS OWN CURRENCY VERY SOON, ACCORDING TO REUTERS ON 9 JULY. Russia has apparently stopped supplying banknotes and has begun to replace the old ruble notes with new-style rubles which are meant exclusively for use inside Russia. The new Uzbek banknotes have already been printed and will be called "sum," with the smaller denomination copper coins being called "tyiyn." Russian television reported on 10 July that Kazakhstan has also complained about the withdrawal of the old ruble banknotes. Many enterprises are reported to be in a "pre-strike" situation due to lack of cash, and many now think that the introduction of a national currency is inevitable. Sheila Marnie AKAEV IN MONGOLIA. President Askar Akaev of Kyrgyzstan completed his first official visit to Mongolia on 12 July, ITAR-TASS reported. He was in Mongolia on the official invitation of the head of the Mongolian government, Punsalmagiyn Ochirbat. During his meetings with the Mongolian side Akaev signed numerous agreements establishing the legal basis for interstate relations between Kyrgyzstan and Mongolia. Yalcin Tokgozoglu CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE WILL UTILITIES BE RESTORED TO SARAJEVO? INTERNATIONAL MEDIA REPORTED ON 12 JULY THAT SERBIAN AND MUSLIM REPRESENTATIVES SIGNED A FRENCH-SPONSORED AGREEMENT TO RESTORE WATER, GAS, AND ELECTRICITY TO THE BESIEGED CAPITAL. Bosnian President Alija Izetbegovic has said that he will attend the Geneva peace talks if the pact is carried out. The residents of Gorazde, however, may be less fortunate, since their main overland supply center fell to the Serbs. By capturing Trnovo, the Serbs can link up their strongholds east of Sarajevo with those in eastern Herzegovina. Meanwhile, AFP quoted Franciscan fathers in Konjic as saying that local Muslim bands are "systematically massacring" the Catholic population and have looted Catholic buildings. The fathers added that the 12,000 Croats there "are in a desperate situation." Patrick Moore ANGER IN DALMATIA OVER POSSIBLE LAND SWAP WITH SERBS. Political fallout continues to plague Croatian President Franjo Tudjman and his ruling Croatian Democratic Community (HDZ) over his remarks on 5 July on a possible exchange of the Konavle region south of Dubrovnik for the Serb-held strategic heights above the historic town. On 12 July, Slobodna Dalmacija carried an open letter from Tudjman to a popular young actress from Konavle, reassuring her that the interests of all parts of Croatia were important to him but not explicitly promising not to do a deal with the Serbs at Konavle's expense. That same daily also ran a two-page biting satire on the political situation and began by mocking Tudjman's remarks of the previous week. Such treatment of the president has been totally absent from the Croatian press since the HDZ tightened its grip on the media and may well reflect opposition within the party to Tudjman's proposals. Dalmatia has long-standing and wider grievances against the Zagreb government, which it feels has neglected the region's basic social and economic interests. Patrick Moore BULGARIAN DEMAND FOR SERBIAN TRANSIT CORRIDOR REFUSED. According to a statement issued by the Bulgarian government, the US Ambassador to Bulgaria Hugh Kenneth Hill informed Prime Minister Lyuben Berov that a transit corridor allowing for the flow of goods through Serbia to Bulgaria should not be allowed on the grounds that it may serve to weaken the impact of the sanctions applied against rump Yugoslavia, Reuters reported on 12 July. Bulgaria's most important road and rail ties to the West pass through Serbia, and Berov has asked the UN to regulate a route from Bulgaria, through Serbia, and on to Szeged, Hungary. Bulgaria has sustained economic losses since agreeing to enforce the UN sanctions against rump Yugoslavia. Stan Markotich. BERISHA CRITIC JAILED FOR 6 MONTHS. Rilindja Demokratike reports on 13 July that Idajet Beqiri, leader of the tiny Albanian National Unity Party, was sentenced on 12 July to 6 months in prison for insulting and slandering the Albanian President Sali Berisha. Beqiri, whose party includes hardline nationalistic communists, had suggested that Berisha was installing a fascist dictatorship in Albania. Robert Austin ALBANIA RECEIVES $15 MILLION LOAN. Rilindja Demokratike reported on 11 July that Albania has received funds from the International Development Association (IDA), an affiliate of the World Bank, to aid in the construction of new homes. According to an RFE/RL correspondent's report on 13 July, the Albanian government will contribute $25 million to the project, while the US Agency for International Development has offered a $1.5 million grant to pay education costs for employees of Albania's National Housing Agency and the Ministry of Construction, Housing and Territorial Planning. The IDA loan is interest free. Robert Austin BRITAIN EXPRESSES SUPPORT FOR UKRAINE OVER SEVASTOPOL. Ukrainian TV reported on 12 July that the British ambassador in Kiev handed the Ukrainian foreign minister a note from the British government describing the Russian parliament's claim on Sevastopol as "irresponsible." The note reportedly said that "there can be no question as to Ukraine's sovereignty over Sevastopol, just as there can be no question about the principles of the territorial integrity recognized by the CSCE." Bohdan Nahaylo MOLDOVA, UKRAINE CONSULT ON SEVASTOPOL ISSUE. Ukraine's ambassador to Moldova, Vitalii Boiko, has "expressed confidence that Moldova's President, parliament, and government will take a stand" on the Russian Supreme Soviet's claim to Ukraine's port city Sevastopol, Basapress reported on 12 July. The ambassador was received that day by Moldova's First Deputy Foreign Minister Ion Botnaru to discuss that issue. Vladimir Socor ZLENKO OUTLINES UKRAINIAN SECURITY POLICY. In an article published in Holos Ukrainy on 10 July 1993, Foreign Minister Anatoliy Zlenko set out his blueprint for Ukrainian security policy, stressing the importance of creating a collective security zone stretching from the Baltic to the Black Sea. He argued that existing groups, such as the Visegrad group, need to be "widened and deepened." While Zlenko did not mention Russia directly, he rejected Russia's claim to a special role in peacekeeping and regional security in the former USSR. Zlenko noted that the new North Atlantic Cooperation Council was an important development but he was also critical of NATO for not moving quickly enough to reform itself to deal with the post-Cold War environment. While the article did not address the issue of nuclear weapons in any detail, Zlenko did reiterate Ukraine's intention to become a non-nuclear state, provided security guarantees are provided by the permanent members of the UN Security Council. John Lepingwell RUSSIAN LAWMAKERS QUESTION BALTIC TREATIES. Baltic media reported on 12 July that the presidium of the Russian Supreme Soviet has endorsed a proposal denouncing the 1920 peace treaties with Estonia and Latvia, and sent it to the Supreme Soviet for consideration. The principal reason for this step seems to be the Russian lawmakers' desire to legalize the annexation by the RSFSR under Stalin of districts from the two Baltic states, in violation of the 1920 treaties. While both Latvia and Estonia want the annexed lands to be returned to their jurisdiction, Estonia has taken a much more active stand on this issue. Dzintra Bungs LATVIA PROTESTS RUSSIAN TROOP EXERCISES AND POLLUTION. On 12 July the Latvian Foreign Ministry sent two protest notes to the Russian Embassy in Riga. One note protests the holding of Russian military command exercises in Dobele on 13-15 July. The second note demands information on the chemical composition and precise location of the chemical weapons that were dumped in the Baltic Sea after 1945; this information is essential to cleaning up the Baltic, Diena reported on 12 July. Dzintra Bungs ESTONIAN PRESIDENT SIGNS ALIEN LAW. President Lennart Meri signed on 12 July the revised version of the law on aliens. One important change provides that registered residents need not repeat the registration process every five years. Meri said that the revisions brought the law into line with similar legislation in other European countries, Estonian media reported. Dzintra Bungs FIRST REFERENDUM POLLING STATION OPENS IN NARVA. On 12 July the first of 15 planned polling stations for the referendum on local autonomy to be held on 16 and 17 July was opened at the Narva city executive committee offices, Baltic media report. Any permanent Narva resident, regardless of citizenship, unable to vote on those days is thus provided an opportunity to participate in the referendum, which will be considered valid if a majority of the residents participate. Estonian officials, including the Chancellor of Justice, have called the referendum unconstitutional. CSCE High Commissioner on National Minorities Max van der Stoel was assured by the Estonian government that it would not use force to halt the referendum and by the Narva and Sillamae city councils that they would comply with any decisions on the referendum by the Estonian Supreme Court. Saulius Girnius WEIZSAECKER ENDS VISIT TO ESTONIA. On 12 July, before returning to Germany, President Richard von Weizsaecker held talks with representatives of the Russian speaking minority in Estonia and with the parliamentary deputy chairman Tunne Kelan, Baltic and Western media report. At a press conference with President Lennart Meri, Weizsaecker said that Germany would not interfere in Estonian-Russian relations, but, if asked, would use "quiet diplomacy" to improve them. He hoped that Estonia could act as a "hinge" between Western Europe and Russia. He said the Russian troops in Estonia should be withdrawn. Meri noted that Estonian laws are now in full compliance with the European system of justice. At his meeting with President Boris Yeltsin on 10 July, German Chancellor Helmut Kohl had said that his country would pursue the role of "advocate" for the Baltic States, supporting their independence, transformation into market economies, and integration into European institutions such as the EC and NATO, according to a report in the Sueddeutsche Zeitung. Saulius Girnius JUPPE IN PRAGUE. French Foreign Minister Alain Juppe is on an official visit to the Czech Republic, Czech Radio reported on 12 July. He met with President Vaclav Havel, Prime Minister Vaclav Klaus, and Foreign Minister Josef Zieleniec to discuss the European integration process. Juppe pointed out that, despite various problems, West European states will try to open their markets to the new European democracies and announced that France will seek to help the Czech Republic establish closer ties to NATO. Juppe also discussed a French proposal to hold a Conference on European Stability. The conference would include discussion of the situation of ethnic minorities in European countries. Jan Obrman CONSTITUTIONAL JUDGE RESIGNS BEFORE APPOINTMENT. Pavel Mates, a former Czechoslovak constitutional judge who was scheduled to be appointed as one of the judges of the Czech Constitutional Court by President Vaclav Havel later this week, has withdrawn his candidacy, Czech radio reported on 12 July. Mates was approved by the Czech parliament along with twelve other candidates. Officially, the reasons for his decision remain unknown; Mates merely explained that he did not feel "psychologically fit." Newspapers have speculated, however, that he decided to withdraw after Cesky denik recently published excerpts from articles he wrote in the 1970s, justifying expropriations after the Communist take-over and analyzing "the election system in bourgeois Czechoslovakia." Jan Obrman UNEMPLOYMENT GROWTH IN SLOVAKIA. The Slovak Ministry of Labor announced on 12 July that unemployment reached 12.48% at the end of June. The announcement, quoted by TASR, said that during June the number of unemployed increased by 13,500 to a total of 318,082. The highest unemployment rate was in the district of Rimavska Sobota, with 21.90%, while the lowest rate was in Bratislava, with 4.27%. At the time of the Czech-Slovak split on 1 January, Slovakia's unemployment rate was 10.4%. Sharon Fisher POLISH RIGHT-WING COALITIONS VIE FOR SUPPORT. With only seventy days remaining until the parliamentary elections in September, party alliances remain fluid, especially on the Right. Lengthy negotiations failed to bridge the gap between the two parties likely to compete for the anti-communist vote: former Prime Minister Jan Olszewski's Movement for the Republic and Jaroslaw Kaczynski's Center Alliance. The two parties had orginally agreed to head up a broad coalition of "national-patriotic" groups called the Polish Union. The ensuing battle for control between the two leaders prompted a split, however, and Olszewski left to form a rival coalition, called the Coalition for the Republic. On 11 July, Olszewski scored a first success by winning over the small Peasant Alliance to his coalition. The Peasant Alliance, which defected from the government coalition in May, had originally agreed to run with the conservative Christian National Union but apparently demanded too many seats on that party's lists. The Christian National Union has since resolved to run alone. Olszewski told reporters that right-wing groups must join forces to thwart "a united front by the postcommunist Left," but his conditions appear to rule out any rapprochement with Kaczynski. The disorganization on the Right contrasts sharply with the calm and self-confidence expressed by parties of the postcommunist Left. Louisa Vinton POLISH ELECTION COMMISSION RULES ON COALITIONS. The election law's high thresholds--5% for parties, 8% for coalitions--have posed a dilemma for small parties like Olszewski's. Forming an election coalition runs the risk of raising the threshold too high for success, but few party leaders have been willing to exercise the self-restraint needed to submerge their groups entirely in another party to qualify for the 5% threshold. A ruling issued on 12 July by the State Election Commission seems likely to enable most coalitions to qualify for the lower threshold, however. The commission's ruling essentially leaves the official designation--as "party" or "coalition"--to the discretion of each group registering candidates. Groups that register as individual parties to qualify for the 5% threshold are still entitled to run candidates from other parties on their lists, and to identify them as such. This tactic would violate the spirit but not the letter of the election law. As Rzeczpospolita put it in a headline on 13 July, "You Can Outfox the Election Law." Louisa Vinton POLAND AGREES TO REPAY SLOVAK DEBT WITH COAL. According to an agreement reached on 12 July between Polish Premier Hanna Suchocka and Slovak Deputy Premier Roman Kovac, Poland will repay the Slovak portion of its $85 million debt to Czechoslovakia with coal. Although Poland had an agreement to repay both the Czech and Slovak republics in this way, the Czech Republic has now refused to accept such a form of payment, CTK reports. During his two-day visit to Poland, Kovac also discussed increased economic cooperation with Deputy Prime Minister Henryk Goryszewski, TASR reports. Kovac said three agreements were necessary to revive mutual trade: on investment protection, on limitation of double taxation, and on trade payments. Sharon Fisher ALLIANCE OF FREE DEMOCRATS JOINS LIBERAL INTERNATIONAL. The Hungarian opposition party Alliance of Free Democrats (AFD) has become a full member of the Liberal International, Radio Budapest reported on 12 July. The decision must be confirmed by the congress of the Liberal International in Reykjavik next year. At an AFD press conference on Monday it was announced that the Liberal International's executive committee will hold its next session in Budapest from 26 till 28 November, MTI reports. Judith Pataki CRISIS HANDLING OF HUNGARIAN INDUSTRY. On 12 July, the Hungarian Industry and Trade Minister Janos Latorczai said that Hungarian industry will need crisis-handling policies until 1995, when a period of stabilization until the year 2000 might set in, MTI reported. Latorczai spoke at a Hungarian Foreign Trade Employees' Conference at the Ministry for International Economic Relations. Latorczai said that the growth in GDP would be between zero and 3% from 1993 till 1995 and 4-5% from 1996 to 2000. At the same meeting, Interior Minister Peter Boross denied that 87 trade offices in 66 countries would be either closed down or merged with the diplomatic missions there. Judith Pataki CSCE INTERCEDES FOR "TIRASPOL SIX." The annual session of CSCE's Parliamentary Assembly in Helsinki passed a resolution expressing concern over the fate of the six Moldovans facing the death penalty on charges of "terrorism" by a "Dniester republic" court, and urging that the six be handed over to the lawful Moldovan authorities, Moldovapres reported on 11 July. The Chairman-in-office of CSCE's Council, Swedish Foreign Minister Margaretha af Ugglas, issued a similar statement, expressing concern that the Tiraspol trial heightens tensions in the area, Moldovapres reported on 7 July. Vladimir Socor BELARUSIANS HOLD WORLD CONGRESS. The first World Congress of Belarusians was held in Minsk on 9-11 July, Belarusian media and Reuters report. Some 800 delegates representing the eight-million-strong Belarusian diaspora set up an association called "Batkauvshchina," or Homeland, which will be dedicated to defending the Belarusian national identity. The Congress gave a standing ovation to the democratic speaker of the Belarusian parliament, Stanislau Shushkevich, who is battling with the conservative parliamentary majority. Bohdan Nahaylo [As of 1200 CET] Compiled by Anna Swidlicka and John Lepingwell THE RFE/RL DAILY REPORT IS PRODUCED BY THE RFE/RL RESEARCH INSTITUTE (A DIVISION OF RADIO FREE EUROPE/RADIO LIBERTY, INC.) with the assistance of the RFE/RL News and Current Affairs Division (NCA). The report is available by electronic mail via LISTSERV (RFERL-L@UBVM.CC.BUFFALO.EDU), on the Sovset' computer bulletin board, by fax, and by postal mail. For inquiries about specific news items, subscriptions, or additional copies, please contact: in North America: Mr. Brian Reed, RFE/RL, Inc., 1201 Connecticut Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20036 Telephone: (202) 457-6912 or -6907; Fax: (202) 457-6992 or 828-8783; Internet: RIDC@RFERL.ORG or Elsewhere: Ms. Helga Hofer, Publications Department, RFE/RL Research Institute, Oettingenstrasse 67, 80538 Munich, Germany;.Telephone: (+49 89) 2102-2631 or -2624; Fax: (+49 89) 2102-2648, Internet: PD@RFERL.ORG 1993, RFE/RL, Inc. All rights reserved.RFE/RL Daily Report
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