|A friend is a gift you give yourself. - Robert Louis Stevenson|
No. 129, 09 July 1993
RUSSIA G-7 SUMMIT PROMISES AID FOR RUSSIAN PRIVATIZATION. The final summit communique, carried by Western agencies on 9 July, committed the G-7 nations to creating a special privatization and restructuring program for Russia. The program is expected to mobilize the sum of $3 billion and is focused on an initial period to the end of 1994. The amount is less than the US had hoped for, but more than was expected prior to the summit, and its projected disbursement is more rapid than earlier plans had assumed. The Wall Street Journal of 9/10 July provides a breakdown of the fund: $500 million in grants and technical assistance to newly privatized enterprises; $1 billion in export credits; $1 billion in loans to enterprises from the World Bank and EBRD; and $500 million in World Bank loans to help local governments take over social services now provided by enterprises. The US share is $375 million. -Keith Bush STANKEVICH ON RECREATION OF A NEW GREAT POWER. Presidential advisor Sergei Stankevich believes that a new kind of union, with Russia at its center, could be resurrected in the not too distant future. He told Novaya ezhednevnaya gazeta on 7 July that those leaders of the former Soviet republics who struggled for independence at all cost are currently stepping down. Stankevich also claimed that all former republics, except the three Baltic States, may rejoin in the future and that Russia's historical task is now to stabilize itself in its present borders and than conduct a gradual "economic and cultural expansion" into the "near abroad." -Alexander Rahr KHASBULATOV SEEKS SHAKHRAI'S DISMISSAL. Deputy Prime Minister Sergei Shakhrai, one of Yeltsin's closest allies, came under attack in the Russian parliament on 8 July for his allegations that the parliament was trying to embarrass Yeltsin during his visit to the G-7 summit in Tokyo. According to an RFE/RL correspondent in Moscow, parliamentary speaker Ruslan Khasbulatov proposed a motion to dismiss Shakhrai from the government but this was rejected by the deputies. The parliamentary press service also attacked Shakhrai, saying that he represented political and economic extremists. Shakhrai's had criticized the parliament on July 7 for debating a draft statement that would have made all international loans to Russia subject to prior parliamentary approval and would have forbade the use of Russian natural resources and land as collateral for such loans. -Dominic Gualtieri KHASBULATOV FEELS THREATENED. Parliamentary speaker Ruslan Khasbulatov fears for his life, according to Novaya ezhednevnaya gazeta on 8 July. Khasbulatov is planning to move out of his luxury apartment on Shchusev street, once built for former Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev. He does not feel safe in the apartment because other apartments in that building, which were formerly occupied by party officials, have now been sold to Russian businessmen. The head of the Russian Foreign Intelligence Service, Evgenii Primakov, has also moved out of that building. Khasbulatov is regarded by Chechen President Dzhokhar Dudaev as his personal enemy because he is convinced that Khasbulatov is organizing a plot against him. -Alexander Rahr CIVIC UNION PROPOSES NEW ECONOMIC UNION. Civic Union has proposed holding a referendum this autumn in Russia, Ukraine, Belarus and Kazakhstan simultaneously on the creation of an economic union between these four republics, ITAR-TASS reported on 8 July. Civic Union claims that the leaders of the centrist forces in Ukraine, Belarus and Kazakhstan are supporting this initiative. Civic Union also called for the formation of an All-Russian Economic Assembly (analogous to the All-Russian Constitutional Assembly) in order to find a mutual agreement on future economic reform. In a statement, Civic Union criticized those radical democrats who had attacked Prime Minister Viktor Chernomyrdin for his participation in the economic round-table organized jointly by the government and the parliament. -Alexander Rahr DISARRAY IN CIVIC UNION. At a conference of the Moscow organization of Civic Union, Vice-President Aleksandr Rutskoi appealed for consolidation of all centrist forces in view of future elections. The leader of the Democratic Party, Nikolai Travkin, said that certain politicians seek to use the Civic Union bloc for their personal ambitions and that his party will therefore conduct its electoral campaign outside the bloc. The leader of the Moscow organization of Civic Union and head of the Moscow City Council, Nikolai Gonchar, sided with Rutskoi and emphasized that the leadership of Civic Union should take into account the opinion of the regional organizations, the majority of which advocate a consolidation of all centrist parties in the bloc. -Alexander Rahr CIVIC UNION LEADS IN MOSCOW REGIONAL OPINION POLL. The Russian Ministry of Social Protection has conducted an opinion poll on political preferences among the population of the Moscow region, Radio Rossii's "Panorama Podmoskovya" reported on 8 July. The results of the poll showed that if elections were held today, the centrist Civic Union would receive 26%, the democrats 12% and the national-Bolsheviks 3% of the voters' support. During a previous poll among the same population in January 1993, 18% of those questioned favored the Civic Union and 9% the democrats. Voters in the Moscow region are in many respects more conservatively minded than the Moscow urban population. -Alexander Rahr MALAYSIA HAVING SECOND THOUGHTS ON MIGS? AFP REPORTED ON 8 JULY THAT MALAYSIA'S DEFENSE MINISTER HAD DECIDED TO SEND AN AIR FORCE TEAM TO MOSCOW TO EVALUATE IN GREATER DETAIL THE TECHNOLOGY FOUND ON THE 18 MIG-29 FIGHTER JETS THAT MALAYSIA PLANS TO BUY FROM RUSSIA. Although the sale was reported on 29 June to have been finalized, the latest report suggests that the government in Kuala Lumpur is still hesitating over concerns about the plane's safety and performance. According to the Malaysian Defense Minister, the sale would only be confirmed if Russia could adhere to a set of conditions set by Malaysia that included warranties on improved performance and guarantees of future maintenance and technology transfers. The latest developments suggest that disorganization in the Russian defense complex continues to undermine efforts to market complex Russian weapons systems abroad. If finally completed, the sale would represent a major breakthrough for Russia into the lucrative South East Asian arms market. -Stephen Foye PACIFIC FLEET TO PROTECT MERCHANT VESSELS. The Russian Naval Command announced on 8 July that vessels from the Pacific Fleet would henceforth ensure the safety of Russian merchant vessels in the East China Sea. The action followed the 7 July boarding of a Russian ship by the crew of what was described by ITAR-TASS as a Chinese border vessel. The attack was only the latest in a series of incidents involving Chinese coast guard vessels and Russian merchant ships. According to ITAR-TASS, Russian spokesmen expressed concern that the Russian navy could not guarantee the full safety of Russian merchant ships operating in the areas. -Stephen Foye BREAKTHROUGH NEAR ON RUSSIAN ROCKET SALE? US GOVERNMENT SPOKESMEN IN TOKYO SAID ON 9 JULY THAT A RESOLUTION OF THE RUSSIAN-AMERICAN DISPUTE OVER A PROPOSED SALE BY MOSCOW OF ROCKET TECHNOLOGY TO INDIA MAY BE IN THE OFFING. According to Reuters, Russian officials arriving with Boris Yeltsin in Tokyo for the G-7 Summit suggested privately to the US delegation that Moscow was eager to make a deal. While the US officials said that the development was a good sign, they cautioned that differences over nettlesome technical details could still scuttle an agreement. The report said that the Russian and American presidents would discuss the issue on 10 July. -Stephen Foye ENOUGH MONEY IN CIRCULATION SAYS CENTRAL BANK. On 7 July ITAR-TASS reported that the head of the department of fiscal regulation at the Russian Central Bank insists that there will not be a shortage of currency despite the decision to withdraw all Soviet-era bills from circulation. The official, Anatoly Zinchenko, stated that the issuing of new bills was proceeding rapidly enough to satisfy the country's needs. Early in 1992 Russia faced a serious shortage of paper money as rising prices outstripped the Central Bank's capacity to print rubles. -Dominic Gualtieri FIVE DEAD IN PRISON REVOLT. Five inmates were killed on 8 July when troops of the Russian Interior Ministry ended a riot at one of the country's last remaining labor camps. Ostankino television reported that more than 1500 prisoners took part in the violence sparked by harsh living conditions at the camp situated 100 km from Moscow. The prison is inhabited by criminals convicted of serious offenses such as murder and rape. -Dominic Gualtieri TRANSCAUCASIA AND CENTRAL ASIA ARMENIAN DEFENSE MINISTER ON THE WAY OUT? ON 6 JULY RADIO EREVAN AND THE SNARK NEWS AGENCY REPORTED RUMORS THAT DEFENSE MINISTER VAZGEN MANUKYAN IS "ON VACATION", AND HIS POWERS HAVE BEEN TRANSFERRED TO HIS FIRST DEPUTY, GENERAL NORAT TER-GRIGORYANTS, PENDING MANUKYAN'S IMMINENT DISMISSAL. On 8 July ITAR-TASS quoted the Dashnak newspaper Erkir as reporting that Armenian President Levon Ter-Petrossyan had asked Manukyan to resign and offered him an alternative ministerial or ambassadorial post, but that Manukyan had replied that it would be immoral to resign during the period of creating a national army, when "he is sending men to the front line" -an implicit admission of military involvement by the Republic of Armenia in the fighting in Nagorno-Karabakh. One of the co-founders, in 1988 with Ter-Petrossyan of the Karabakh Committee, Manukyan has had serious policy disagreements with the Armenian President in the past. -Liz Fuller ABKHAZ UPDATE. Abkhaz forces continued their assault on the Georgian-held city of Sukhumi on 8 July, taking control of its hydro-electric plant and key strategic hills, ITAR-TASS reported. Abkhaz troops have effectively encircled Sukhumi, where Georgian Parliament Chairman Eduard Shevardnadze remains. The UN Security Council is scheduled to meet on 9 July to consider a resolution which would provide for the dispatch of fifty UN military observers to Georgia as soon as a ceasefire holds. -Catherine Dale AZERBAIJAN'S NEW POLITICAL OPPOSITION. In an interview with ITAR-TASS on 8 July, the press secretary of the Party of National Independence of Azerbaijan has revealed more details of the growing rift between the party's chairman, Etibar Mamedov, and Supreme Soviet chairman Geidar Aliev. A former Aliev ally, Mamedov had been tipped to become Prime Minister, but that post was given to rebel leader Surat Huseinov. Aliev subsequently rejected Mamedov's proposal to form a coalition government of national reconciliation and to hold new parliamentary elections, whereupon the National Independence Party decided not to participate in the new government but to remain in opposition. -Liz Fuller CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE END-GAME IN BOSNIA? INTERNATIONAL MEDIA ON 8 JULY REPORTED THAT RADIO BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA QUOTED STATEMENTS FROM PRESIDENT ALIJA IZETBEGOVIC TO THE EFFECT THAT HE MAY NOW BE PREPARED TO ACCEPT THE PARTITION OF HIS WAR-TORN REPUBLIC. He had previously refused to consider the idea of transforming Bosnia into a confederation based on ethnic units on the grounds that the population lives so intermixed that such a division would only serve to sanction new ethnic cleansing. He again called such a partition "an ugly option," but added: "if the choice is either to accept such a division or be dragged into a war without end...we will not go in a direction that will lead us into a war without end. We are not going to commit suicide." -Patrick Moore CROATIAN UPDATE. The 2 July issue of Globus carries a poll on Croatian attitudes toward renewing the war with the republic's Serb rebels, who control about a quarter of its territory. Some 70 percent of respondents said they were "for liberating the occupied territories by force," and 57 percent added that they and family members would be willing to participate in the war personally. Opinion was more divided over the nature of the war itself, with 43 percent saying it would be over in six months to a year, and 31 percent feeling that the conflict would be long-term. Zagreb dailies on 7 and 8-July reported on power shortages that hit that city and other parts of central Croatia and Slavonia on 6 July. -Patrick Moore DRASKOVIC NEAR DEATH. On 8 and 9 July Radio Serbia and international media quoted doctors treating jailed opposition leader Vuk Draskovic as saying that he is near death. According to a statement from the Serbian Renewal Movement, their leader's condition deteriorated to a point where he was unable to talk to his family and international mediator Lord Owen. Serbia's opposition, church leaders, Crown Prince Aleksandar Karadjordjevic, international leaders, and human rights groups have pleaded with Draskovic to end his hunger strike. On 8 July, Radical leader Vojislav Seselj called for Draskovic's pardon and Director of the Jewish Documentation Center in Vienna, Simon Wiesenthal, joined a list of international figures who have called on Serbia's President Slobodan Milosevic to spare Draskovic on humanitarian grounds. Milosevic has stated that matter is in the hands of the Supreme Court. Milan Andrejevich SERBIAN OPPOSITION SUPPORT BORBA. Serbian democratic opposition parties are backing journalists and the chief editor of Borba in its fight to survive as the only independent daily in rump Yugoslavia. Parties of the coalition Democratic Movement of Serbia (DEPOS), the Democratic Party and the Citizens' Alliance oppose plans for nationalization of the daily and replacement of chief editor Manojlo Vukotic. On 8 July Borba published an appeal signed by 72 Borba journalists who called on the international community to support their struggle against the regime. Meanwhile Borba reports on 9 July that Vukotic has been replaced by Slavko Curuvija, a Borba journalist and commentator, who will serve as acting chief editor. -Milan Andrejevich BULGARIA DISPUTES CHARGE OF SANCTIONS BUSTING. Reuters reported on 8 July that the Bulgarian government's press center refuted a BBC television report on 13 May alleging that goods were getting into Serbia from Bulgaria in violation of the UN embargo. The press center argued that supplies from Bulgaria were heading into the former Yugoslav republics of Bosnia, Macedonia, and Slovenia and that since none of them were destined for Serbia, Bulgaria had contravened no UN resolutions. -Stan Markotich. ALBANIAN PRESIDENT ATTEMPTS TO DIFFUSE TENSIONS WITH GREECE. After two weeks of strained relations between the two countries, Albanian President Sali Berisha has reiterated an earlier call for a settlement of disputes. Problems continue to revolve around Albania's expulsion of an Orthodox cleric on 25-June and Greece's subsequent decision to begin deporting illegal Albanian refugees living in Greece. Berisha, who had previously suggested that Greece sought to destabilize Albania, has called for a "fresh climate of understanding," according to a 8 July Reuters report. He also called Greek accusations that Tirana was issuing demands for the normalization of relations a "misunderstanding." After meetings with leaders of the Greek minority Berisha pledged that "they will have all their rights respected and fulfilled," but added that Greece should distance itself from nationalist groups calling for the annexation of southern Albania. -Robert Austin LATVIAN PRIME MINISTER APPROVED. On 8 July the Saeima approved the recommendation of President Guntis Ulmanis to appoint former Latvian Supreme Council Deputy Chairman Valdis Birkavs as Prime Minister, RFE/RL's Latvian Service reports. Birkavs said that his cabinet will have 12 ministers, five of whom, all members of Latvia's Way, have already agreed to serve. Foreign Minister Georgs Andrejevs will retain his post. The new ministers will be Ojars Kehris (Economics), Maris Gailis (State Reform), Egils Levits (Justice), and Uldis Osis (Finance). Although the Saeima will hold its next session on 13 July, Birkavs is expected to present his full cabinet for approval on 15 July. -Saulius Girnius HUNGARY DEVALUES FORINT. At its July 8 session, the Hungarian Central Bank Council decided to devalue the forint by 3% and to raise the open-market interest rate used by banks borrowing money from the National Bank by 3%, MTI reports. Hungarian National Bank president Akos Peter Bod said that the devaluation, Hungary's fourth this year, was necessary because of a considerable fall in exports as a result of the recession on foreign trade markets, several years of drought, and the UN embargo against rump Yugoslavia. The decline in exports could have the effect of increasing the deficit of the six-month current balance of payments to $1,5 billion, Bod said. The National Bank's first deputy president Imre Tarafas told Reuters that the devaluation was triggered by recent dollar advances against European currencies. Hungary pegs the forint to a currency basket evenly divided between the dollar and European currency units. -Edith Oltay ESTONIAN PARLIAMENT AMENDS LAW ON ALIENS. On 8 July a special session of the Estonian parliament approved, by a vote of 69 to 1, with 2 abstentions, 20 amendments to the law on aliens as recommended by the CSCE and Council of Europe, RFE/RL's Estonian Service reports. Most of the changes involved legal terminology and the main principles of the law were not changed. An article was added retaining for non-citizens who had arrived before 1 July 1990 all the rights and responsibilities laid down in previous laws. Residence permits will still be refused to former military and security workers. President Lennart Meri will have 14 days to sign the amended law. Efforts to hold another special session to discuss "illegal actions" of local governments in places like Narva and Sillamae, which called referendums on local autonomy, failed because there was no quorum. -Saulius Girnius WALESA'S BBWR ANNOUNCES ELECTION PROGRAM. The program council of President Lech Walesa's Nonparty Bloc to Support Reforms (BBWR) presented its 21-point election program to the public on 8 July. Speaking for the council, Walesa's economic adviser and former finance minister Andrzej Olechowski said that the BBWR's objective is "prosperity and democracy." The preamble states that "the economy must be a market economy, open and competitive, based on honesty and respect for the law." In addition to the president's pet project of long-term low-interest loans to enable "industrious" citizens to purchase state assets, the 21 points include: the further strengthening of the zloty, protecting private property, providing incentives for investment, adapting agriculture to the demands of the market, and making greater efforts to fight the "personal and social tragedy" of unemployment. The main political proposal is the introduction of a "presidential-parliamentary" system of government. Disputing reporters' suggestions that the BBWR program resembles left-wing slogans, Olechowski said that all the two had in common was the Polish language. Indeed, though worded very generally, the 21 points seem to boil down to an endorsement of continuity in economic policy. A CBOS opinion poll reported by PAP on 8 July showed that 36% of those surveyed think the BBWR is a good idea, 27% think it is a bad idea, and 37% have no opinion. -Louisa Vinton POLAND AND SLOVAKIA SIGN REPATRIATION AGREEMENT. Polish and Slovak foreign ministers Krzysztof Skubiszewski and Jozef Moravcik signed an agreement on the return of illegal immigrants during Skubiszewski's one-day visit to Slovakia on 8 July, TASR reports. The agreement allows Poland to return refugees expelled by Germany to Slovakia if they entered Poland through Slovakia. Slovakia expects to sign similar agreements with Hungary and Ukraine, Moravcik said. The two ministers also discussed increasing economic cooperation in the border region and improving transportation links between the two nations. -Sharon Fisher SLOVAK PREMIER ENCOURAGES GERMAN INVESTMENT. Slovak Premier Vladimir Meciar wrapped up a two-day visit to Germany on 8 July, meeting with the Prime Minister of Nordrhein-Westphalia, Johannes Rau, government officials of that state, and businessmen. Areas of particular interest to German investors include energy, finance and infrastructure. Meciar invited economic cooperation and discussed investments with representatives of the German gas firm Ruhrgas. Ruhrgas is expected to invest in Slovak gas transport, since nearly 85% of gas flowing through Slovakia's pipeline from the CIS is delivered to Germany, TASR reports. Further negotiations are expected with the German Economy Minister in September. -Sharon Fisher CZECHS WILL NORMALIZE SLOVAK BORDER. Czech Interior Minister Jan Ruml stated on 8 July that the Czechs will enforce controls at the Slovak border after 20 July, regardless of whether Czech and Slovak politicians reach an agreement on the issue. All financial, technical and organizational provisions have been made, including the assignment of 290 unarmed soldiers to assist the border police, CTK reported. The Czechs see reinforcing the Czech-Slovak border as crucial to controlling the inflow of economic refugees who may be returned by Germany under its new asylum law. Czech and Slovak presidents agreed on 1-July to hold talks on strengthening the Czech-Slovak border by 20 July, but Slovak Prime Minister Vladimir Meciar has so far rejected negotiation. The Czech and Slovak prime ministers will discuss the issue at the CEI meeting in Budapest on 16 and 17 July. -Milada Vachudova CEFTA AGREEMENT RATIFIED BY CZECH PARLIAMENT. The Central and East European Free Trade Agreement (CEFTA) was ratified by the Czech parliament on 8 July, CTK reported. The agreement, signed by Poland, Hungary, Slovakia and the Czech Republic on 21 December in Krakow, calls for the gradual elimination of all trade barriers by the year 2000; all four governments signed a protocol binding them to shorten the transition period to five years. The Slovak parliament has already ratified CEFTA and the Hungarian parliament should do so this month; the Polish parliament has yet to consider the accord. The goals of CEFTA are, according to Czech Trade Minister Vladimir Dlouhy, to increase trade among the four countries, which plummeted after 1989, and to join the European trend toward integration. -Milada Vachudova KLAUS CRITICAL OF CATHOLIC CHURCH. In an interview with Cesky Denik, published on 8 July, Czech Prime Minister Vaclav Klaus said that "the Catholic church is beginning to play a role that does not correspond to its standing" in the Czech Republic. Klaus said that the several hour-long television broadcast of the Velehrad ceremonies commemorating the two national saints Cyril and Methodius "was the last straw." He also said that the broadcast from Velehrad marked the end of the era when everyone considered the church as one of the institutions most harmed by the communist regime: "the period has begun where we must give our support to completely different groups." Klaus later said that his statement was made in the context of explaining why he chose to attend a Protestant service commemorating Jan Hus instead of the Catholic ceremony. Klaus had been criticized for not attending the Catholic celebration. The Bishops of the Czech Lands and Moravia, along with representatives of Klaus' Christian democratic coalition partner's protested Klaus' statements.-Milada Vachudova MOLDOVA APPEALS TO INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS. Moldova is redoubling efforts to internationalize the current bilateral negotiations with Russia on the Dniester conflict and on the Russian army in Moldova. Parliament Chairman Petru Lucinschi told a news conference on 5 July that Moldova's leadership wants a political settlement of the conflict with the participation of the UN and the CSCE, ITAR-TASS reported. At a seminar in Prague of the North Atlantic Cooperation Council, Moldova's delegation urged that the Russian-controlled peacemaking operation on the Dniester be taken over by the CSCE, Moldovapres reported on 7 July. At a session of CSCE's Parliamentary Assembly in Helsinki Moldova submitted a resolution urging that the problem of Russian troops in Moldova be resolved at the international level, together with that of Russian troops in the Baltic states, Moldovapres reported on 8 July. -Vladimir Socor BULGARIAN HIGH COURT OVERTURNS CONVICTIONS. According to RFE/RL's Bulgarian Service, on 7-July Bulgaria's Supreme Court overturned the convictions of 33 people sentenced to life imprisonment in 1945 by a people's court set up by the communist government. The 33, convicted of crimes ranging from assault to murder, were found guilty because they were alleged to have committed their crimes against "communist guerrillas and supporters" prior to the communist take-over. The Supreme Court noted that the accused had not been afforded legal rights. The verdict marks the first time the high court has negated a decision rendered by the people's courts. -Stan Markotich ROMANIA SEEKS TO RETAIN CONTROL OVER FLEET. A spokeswoman for the cabinet told reporters on 8 July that Romania has formally asked the Greek shipping company Forum Maritime to reduce its share in the Romanian Petronim company from 51%, as originally negotiated, to a minority stake of 49%. Petronim controls most of Romania's merchant fleet. A revised version of the controversial deal concluded in June between the two companies was sent to Forum Maritime, which is expected to reply by 12 July. The reversal in Romania's stance places the deal in danger of cancellation. Officially hailed as a harbinger of privatization and foreign investment in Romania, the deal was attacked by the media as a sell-off of Romanian strategic assets. In a related development, the government announced on 7 July the establishment of a commission to investigate the fate of the country's merchant fleet after January 1990. -Dan Ionescu FIRE AT ROMANIAN EXPERIMENTAL NUCLEAR REACTOR. On 8 July Radio Bucharest reported that a fire broke out on 5 July in two cooling towers of an experimental nuclear reactor at Pitesti, 100-km. north-west of Bucharest. The fire, the communique said, was extinguished after 25 minutes and no one was injured. The accident was said to have had no adverse environmental effects and the reactor continues to be "perfectly safe." On 6 July three people were killed when a container filled with nitrogen exploded at a heavy water plant near Turnu Severin. -Dan Ionescu ROMANIA'S EXILED KING DENIES CHARGES FROM BUCHAREST. The press office of Romania's exiled King Michael issued on 6 July in Versoix, Switzerland, a statement rejecting charges by the Romanian government that the king had taken 42 valuable paintings upon leaving Romania in early January 1948. The statement, which was broadcast by Radio Bucharest on 7 July, suggests that the Royal House might take legal action against "any libelous allegations" referring to King Michael. A state secretary at the Finance Ministry announced on 6 July that Romania already filed a lawsuit in a Geneva court to retrieve the missing paintings which had been part of a collection belonging to King Carol I. Accusations against Michael for allegedly having taken the paintings, including some by Rembrandt and El Greco, were raised time and again by Romania's former Communist regime. But a prominent Romanian historian, Andrei Pippidi, was recently quoted by Reuters as saying that official documents showed that Michael had taken no valuable possessions into exile. -Dan Ionescu [As of 1200 CET] Compiled by Anna Swidlicka and John Lepingwell THE RFE/RL DAILY REPORT IS PRODUCED BY THE RFE/RL RESEARCH INSTITUTE (A DIVISION OF RADIO FREE EUROPE/RADIO LIBERTY, INC.) with the assistance of the RFE/RL News and Current Affairs Division (NCA). The report is available by electronic mail via LISTSERV (RFERL-L@UBVM.CC.BUFFALO.EDU), on the Sovset' computer bulletin board, by fax, and by postal mail. For inquiries about specific news items, subscriptions, or additional copies, please contact: in North America: Mr. Brian Reed, RFE/RL, Inc., 1201 Connecticut Avenue NW, Washington, DC-20036 Telephone: (202) 457-6912 or -6907; Fax: (202) 457-6992 or 828-8783; Internet: RIDC@RFERL.ORG or Elsewhere: Ms. Helga Hofer, Publications Department, RFE/RL Research Institute, Oettingenstrasse 67, 80538 Munich, Germany;.Telephone: (+49 89) 2102-2631 or -2624; Fax: (+49 89) 2102-2648, Internet: PD@RFERL.ORG 1993, RFE/RL, Inc. All rights reserved.RFE/RL Daily Report
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