|Величайшие истины - самые простые. - Л.Н. Толстой|
No. 122, 30 June 1993
RUSSIA CONSTITUTIONAL ASSEMBLY TO MEET ON 12-JULY. First Deputy Prime Minister Vladimir Shumeiko said that the Constitutional Assembly will meet for its last plenary session on 12 July, ITAR-TASS reported on 29 June. Shumeiko said the session would discuss the single draft constitution which had emerged from the assembly's working groups over the past few weeks. Meanwhile, the Civic Union bloc issued a statement saying that it was premature to adopt a new constitution when Russia's political life was so chaotic. Russian Television quoted the Union's statement as saying the Constitutional Assembly simply should work out an amendment to the existing constitution on the distribution of powers between the president and the parliament. The Civic Union suggested that the next Congress of People's Deputies take a decision on earlier parliamentary and presidential elections to be held in the spring of 1994. -Vera Tolz STANKEVICH ON CONSTITUTION AND FUTURE POLITICS. Presidential advisor Sergei Stankevich told Ekho Moskvy on 28 June that he disagreed with President Boris Yeltsin's constitutional project on the role of the parliament saying that, according to the draft, Yeltsin position vis-€-vis the legislature was too dominant. Asked about his participation in future politics, Stankevich distanced himself from the new electoral block set up by Democratic Russia and said that he favors the region-oriented platform of the block set up by Deputy Premier Sergei Shakhrai. -Alexander Rahr STANKEVICH ON REGIONAL POLITICS. Stankevich also told Ekho Moskvy that, if the center were wise, it would guarantee the republics and regions some of the rights they had appropriated. But there were certain matters, such as the existence of a federal tax system, on which the center should not compromise, Stankevich said. When republics were not willing to yield to the center on these matters, the center should sign nothing, adopt the constitution without them, and wait ten or fifteen years until sufficiently responsible leaders willing to acknowledge the interests of Russia came to power in these republics. -Ann Sheehy CURRENCY EXCHANGE REGULATIONS TO BE RELAXED. Reuters on 29 June quoted from a letter from the Russian Central Bank (RCB) to exporters and commercial banks informing them of a projected change in convertible currency regulations. Under the new rules, enterprises will no longer have to sell 30% of convertible currency earnings to the RCB and transfer a further 20% to banks to be exchanged for rubles. The move is presumably designed to stimulate exports and to reduce the scale of capital flight. -Keith Bush RUSSIAN PARLIAMENT CONDEMNS US BOMBING. The parliament adopted a statement on 29 June calling the US bombing of Iraqi intelligence headquarters "counter to the principle of international law" and demanded the United States solve problems by "civilized political methods." First Deputy Foreign Minister Anatolii Adamishin attempted to explain the Russian leadership's support of the US action by citing Iraq's involvement in terrorism, its refusal to recognize the legal existence of Kuwait, and its continued attempts to produce chemical weapons. Adamishin described Russia's position as one which sought to bring Iraq back into the family of nations and end its role as an outcast. Adamishin noted that Russian support of the US military strikes extended only to this specific incident and did not necessarily guarantee support for such actions in the future, ITAR-TASS reported. -Suzanne Crow YELTSIN IN GREECE. President Yeltsin traveled to Athens on 29 June for an official visit. Presidential press secretary Vyacheslav Kostikov noted that his talks with Greek President Constantine Karamanlis shortly after arrival were held in a "very warm and friendly atmosphere." Yeltsin expressed interest in learning about Greece's experience making the transition from dictatorship to democracy, ITAR-TASS reported. -Suzanne Crow BURBULIS NOT HURT IN SHIP EXPLOSION. An explosion aboard a pleasure ship carrying former State Secretary Gennadii Burbulis and his family near St. Petersburg on 28 June created speculation of sabotage, ITAR-TASS reported. Burbulis's son and a Russian entrepreneur were hurt. The St. Petersburg military prosecutor-general has started to investigate the case. Preliminary findings indicate that the explosion was probably caused by exhaust gases from the ship's engine mixing with gas leaking from the ship's galley. Burbulis came to St. Petersburg to campaign for support for the newly created pro-Yeltsin reform bloc. His visit has been accompanied with protests from some hardliners who accused him of having destroyed the Soviet empire. -Alexander Rahr MAKAROV MADE IN CHARGE OF FIGHTING CORRUPTION. Andrei Makarov, Yeltsin's chief attorney during the Constitutional Court hearings on the Communist Party last year, has been appointed chief of the Administration for Securing the Work of the Interdepartmental Commission of the Security Council for Fighting Crime and Corruption, ITAR-TASS reported on 29 June. Previously, the work of that commission had been administrated by Vice-President Aleksandr Rutskoi. Because of his attacks against Yeltsin's policy, Rutskoi was released of practically all his duties. Alexander Rahr TOWARDS AUTARKY IN FOODSTUFFS. Prime Minister Viktor Chernomyrdin told the congress of the Agricultural Union of Russia on 29 June that the country plans to reduce its imports of foodstuffs, ITAR-TASS reported. After importing 26 million tons of grain in 1992, it is planned to import about 14 million tons in 1993, and reduce the volume to 5-6 million tons a year in the future. The union reelected Vasilii Starodubtsev as its chairman: he is one of the accused leaders of the coup attempt of August 1991. Keith Bush SHAPOSHNIKOV INFORMALLY REJECTED BY PARLIAMENT. Ostankino television reported on 30-June that the parliament had voted against the appointment of Marshal Evgenii Shaposhnikov for the position of secretary of the Russian security council. After the vote speaker Ruslan Khasbulatov decided that parliamentary procedures had been violated because no discussion had preceded the vote. A second vote, presumably after a speech by Shaposhnikov and a debate, is to be scheduled. The initial vote suggests that Shaposhnikov is likely to have a tough time getting confirmed. -John Lepingwell US CONCERN OVER INDIAN ROCKET DEAL SAID "EXCESSIVE." Foreign Ministry spokesman Sergei Yastrzhembsky said on 29 June that Moscow was keenly aware of the need to insure non-proliferation of nuclear arms and missile technology, but he characterized US concern over a proposed Russian sale of rocket boosters to India as "excessive," ITAR-TASS and AFP reported. Yastrzhembsky, who said that Russia wanted the issue settled as quickly as possible, claimed that Moscow had offered to submit the issue to an international forum for a ruling, but suggested that the US side had demurred. First Deputy Prime Minister Aleksandr Shokhin suggested that the US stood to lose as well if the deal were nixed. Prime Minister Chernomyrdin has twice canceled visits to the US over the disagreement. -Stephen Foye NEW HEAD OF ADMINISTRATION IN NORTH OSSETIA /INGUSHETIA. Victor Polyanichko, formerly political adviser to the President of Afghanistan Najibullah and later Second Secretary of the Azerbaijan Communist Party, has been appointed head of the provisional administration in the areas of a state of emergency in North Ossetia and Ingushetia with the rank of deputy prime minister by a decree of the Russian government of 26 June, ITAR-TASS and Ekho Moskvy reported on 29 June. Polyanichko is the fifth head of the provisional administration since it was established in early November 1992 after armed clashes between Ossetians and Ingush. Ingush president Ruslan Aushev commented to Ekho Moskvy that the previous four had achieved little and it remained to be seen if Polyanichko would be more successful. Polyanichko's appointment came as part of a decree aimed at settling the vexed problem of the return of Ingush refugees to North Ossetia. -Ann Sheehy TRANSCAUCASIA AND CENTRAL ASIA ABKHAZ SUPREME SOVIET CHAIRMAN ARDZINBA STATES TERMS FOR CONFLICT RESOLUTION. In an interview on 28 June with Russian Television, Chairman of the separatist Abkhaz Supreme Soviet Vladislav Ardzinba stated that the parliament stands by its appeal to the Russian Supreme Soviet to become either a constituent part, or protectorate, of the Russian Federation, ITAR-TASS reported. Ardzinba compared the position of Abkhazia to that of Kuwait and declared that even if the Abkhaz appeal is rejected, the Russian government should at least support Abkhazia's effort to determine its own fate. Asked how the conflict could be resolved, Ardzinba stated that no compromise would be possible until all Georgian troops are withdrawn from Abkhazia, and that in addition to other measures, Georgia must compensate Abkhazia for losses incurred during the war. Catherine Dale CIS EC AIDING NUCLEAR SAFETY IN RUSSIA AND UKRAINE. The European Community has sent teams of 4-6-nuclear safety specialists to each of 6 facilities in Russia and 2-in Ukraine. This was announced by EC Trade Commissioner Sir Leon Brittan at a news conference on 29-June, Western agencies reported. The teams will spend 6-12 months on site to improve safety and to help install new equipment. The names of the designated reactors were not given. The EC has set aside a total of over $500 million during the period 1991-93 to improve nuclear safety in the former Soviet Union and Eastern Europe. The dispatch of the teams was delayed because Russia and Ukraine had not agreed until now to compensate the specialists for losses in the event of a nuclear accident. -Keith Bush BLACK SEA FLEET OFFICERS REJECT AGREEMENT. Meeting in Sevastopol on 29 June, the officers' assembly of the Black Sea Fleet decided to reject the Moscow agreement that calls for it to be split between Ukraine and Russia starting in September. They also called for Russia to take full command of the fleet during the negotiations over its future and it endorsed a call to hoist the Russian naval ensign on 1 July, according to ITAR-TASS and Western press agency reports of 29-June. In a related move, the Russian parliament has decided to examine the question of the status of Sevastopol this week, according to an Ekho Moskvy report on 29 June. Raising the Russian flag is likely to meet with strong protests from the Ukrainian government, and may provoke yet another crisis requiring high-level mediation. However, these decisions, also indicate that the politician's are losing their ability to postpone solving the issue of the fleet by concluding vague agreements and avoiding the core problems. -John Lepingwell UKRAINIAN-RUSSIAN NUCLEAR AGREEMENT DELAYED? CONFUSION SURROUNDS THE CURRENT STATUS OF UKRAINIAN-RUSSIAN TALKS ON THE DISPOSITION OF NUCLEAR WEAPONS LOCATED IN UKRAINE. An RFE/RL correspondent in Moscow reported on 29 June that a Ukrainian diplomat stated that the signing of an agreement on dismantling the weapons was delayed at the last moment when Russian Deputy Defense Minister Boris Gromov refused to sign it. However, on 30 June, Ukrainian Deputy Foreign Minister Borys Tarasiuk informed an RFE/RL correspondent in Kiev that Russian reports of an agreement were inaccurate, and that Russian sources were exaggerating the progress of the negotiations. Tarasiuk noted that additional issues had to be resolved before an agreement on dismantling could be signed. It is likely, however, that an agreement on ICBM maintenance, may be ready. Ukrainian President Leonid Kravchuk stated on 17 June on Radio Ukraine that he and Yeltsin had reached an agreement on maintenance issues, although they apparently did not sign a document to this effect. -John Lepingwell CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE STILL NO ARMS FOR BOSNIAN MUSLIMS. The BBC's Serbian Service reported on 30 June that the Security Council the previous day failed to pass a resolution aimed at partially lifting the arms embargo on the Muslims, who are greatly outgunned by their Serb and Croat opponents. The United States voted with five other countries in favor, while Russia, China, Britain, France, and Spain were among the nine countries abstaining, CNN notes. Those last three countries say that they fear for the safety of their peace-keeping troops in Bosnia if the embargo is lifted. The Los Angeles Times says this is the first time "the United States and its European allies split over Bosnian policy at the United Nations." Elsewhere, the BBC's Serbian Service reported on 29 June that Serbian armor made significant gains at Muslim expense in the Maglaj area south of Serb-held Doboj on the road south to Sarajevo. Meanwhile, the Bosnian presidency met for two hours in Sarajevo that same day but agreed only to seek a united position on the Serb-Croat plan to set up a loose confederation of three ethnically-based units and did not discuss the project itself. Finally, the 29-June Washington Post carries a commentary by the German ambassador to the US against the "legend" that the European Community's recognition of Croatia and Slovenia a year an a half ago helped to dismember Yugoslavia. He points out that Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic had already destroyed the federation, and that it soon became necessary "to demonstrate to Milosevic the futility of his expectation that the international community would eventually accept the 'realities' created by Serb guns." Patrick Moore GREEK-ALBANIAN RELATIONS CONTINUE TO SOUR. Tensions between Greece and Albania have been worsening since the Albanian expulsion on 25-June of an Orthodox priest and the subsequent deportation of thousands of Albanians from Greece. Now, Albanian President Sali Berisha, in a strongly worded letter to UN Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali, appealed for UN intervention to end the deportations. In the letter, released by ATA on 28 June, he added that the migrants "had been indiscriminately seized, maltreated, literally beaten. . . . " As for the expelled cleric, Berisha claimed he had "openly expressed territorial claims [on southern Albania]." Western agencies report on 29 June that Albania has recalled its ambassador to Greece "for consultations." Greece, which has cancelled three planned official visits to Albania, has made it clear that the expulsions will continue until all illegal Albanian immigrants are returned. Relations between the two countries, which had improved somewhat with the demise of Albanian communism, still remain subject to considerable ups and downs. These latest incidents go a long way toward undermining any past achievements. -Robert Austin SLOVAK ENTRY INTO THE CE MAY BE BLOCKED BY HUNGARY. The Council of Europe's 212 member parliamentary assembly recommended Czech and Slovak membership following 29 June discussions. The former Czechoslovakia was a member until the split on 1 January 1993. While the vote for both countries was unanimous, the Hungarian delegates chose to abstain on the Slovak vote due to concerns over the country's treatment of its Hungarian minority. Although the Council approved two of four amendments which Hungary proposed as conditions for Slovakia's membership, The RFE/RL correspondent in Strasbourg reports that the Hungarian ambassador to the CE Janos Perenyi is expected to veto Slovak membership in the final vote which takes place on 30-June. The amendments which were approved include one which will monitor the situation of the Hungarian minority at 6 month intervals and another which deals with Hungarian property confiscated by Czechoslovakia after World War II, TASR reports. If Hungary does vote against Slovakia, it will be the first time an existing member has vetoed a new applicant's membership in the CE. -Sharon Fisher SLOVAK PRESIDENT VISITS UKRAINE. Slovak President Michal Kovac began a two-day visit to Ukraine on 29 June. TASR reports the trip is aimed at greater political and economic cooperation between the two neighboring states. During the first day of the visit Kovac met with Ukrainian Foreign Affairs Minister Anatoli Zlenko and President Leonid Kravchuk and signed a Ukrainian-Slovak friendship and cooperation treaty. Kovac and Zlenko discussed a Ukrainian proposal for a new security zone in Eastern and Central Europe, while Kovac spoke with Kravchuk about minority issues. On 30 June Kovac will meet with Prime Minister Leonid Kuchma. Sharon Fisher CZECH PRIME MINISTER DRAWS PARALLEL WITH US-IRAQI RELATIONS. In an interview for the Czech Radio program Radiozurnal on 29 June, Prime Minister Vaclav Klaus commented on several issues including the American missile strike against Iraq. "I do not want to immediately extol or criticize this American action," Klaus observed, but "I have a feeling that if I reasoned in a similar manner, for example about relations between the Czechs and the Slovaks, then we would probably be unable to live in mutual peace with Slovakia." -Milada Vachudova CZECH LEFT WING PARTIES FORM COOPERATIVE BLOCK. Representatives of the Czech Social Democratic Party (CSSD), the Liberal Social Union (LSU) and the Christian Social Union (KSU) signed a political agreement in Prague on 29 June, creating the so-called "Realistic Block." The agreement calls for the coordination of political platforms, of parliamentary activity and of preparations for local and national elections, CTK reports. The Block's purpose is to consolidate and strengthen the moderate Czech left, creating an alternative to the right-wing governing coalition as well as to the communists on the far left. Within the framework of the Block, working groups will be established to craft alternative conceptions to current government policies. Social Democratic Party Chairman Milos Zeman has excluded the participation of the newly formed Party of the Democratic Left, whose members quit the Communist Party at its Congress on 26-27 June to protest its continued Marxist-Leninist policies. Zeman as well as LSU Chairman Frantisek Trnka believe that the new party will still be too far left to be an acceptable partner in the Realistic Block. -Milada Vachudova POLAND "CLOSER TO NATO." On his return from an unofficial visit to the US between 24-26 June, Defense Minister Janusz Onyszkiewicz told PAP that the prospect of broadening NATO to include Poland, Hungary, the Czech lands, and Slovakia was beginning to be discussed in US administration circles. He welcomed the fact that the voice of Poland and the other interested countries was being heard in the US and expressed the hope that it would influence US policy in this regard. Onyszkiewicz, who was attending an international conference in Washington, met with top Pentagon officials, including Defense Secretary, Les Aspin; Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, General Colin Powell; and National Security Advisor Anthony Lake; as well as CIA Director James Woollsey, and Republican Richard Lugar of the Senate's Foreign Relations Committee. -Anna Sabbat-Swidlicka ILIESCU DENIES INVOLVEMENT IN SHIP SALE. Radio Bucharest broadcast on 29 June a statement by President Ion Iliescu's spokesman denying any presidential involvement in a controversial shipping deal. The deal, which involves the sale of a 51% stake in the Petronim state shipping firm to the Greek company Forum Maritime of Piraeus, has been widely criticized in the media for allegedly running counter Romania's interests. Iliescu's denial followed debates in parliament on 28 June in which Transport Minister Paul Teodoru defended the transaction against accusations of being a sell-off of Romanian strategic assets. A parliamentary commission has ordered some amendments to strengthen guarantees for the Romanian side. Negotiators for the two companies are scheduled to meet on 30 June to discuss possible changes in the deal. -Dan Ionescu NEWS AGENCY SET UP IN CLUJ, TRANSYLVANIA. Recently, a new news agency started operating in Cluj-Napoca, the main town in Transylvania. Transstar News is an independent body set up with assistance from the Westminster Foundation for Democracy, a British organization trying to strengthen democratic forces in countries which have just emerged from authoritarian rule. Transstar is jointly headed by an ethnic Romanian and an ethnic Hungarian journalist (Carol Harsan and Tibor Szatmari). It provides news on regional developments, including inter-ethnic relations, in Romanian, Hungarian, and English. Dan Ionescu US SIXTH FLEET COMMANDER TO ROMANIA. Radio Bucharest reported on 23 June that the cruiser Belknap, flagship of the sixth US fleet, arrived in the Black Sea port of Constanta for a courtesy visit to last until 25 June. On the same day, Vice Admiral Joseph Lopez, commander of the Sixth Fleet, was received in Bucharest by Col. Gen. Vasile Ionel, presidential counselor. Lopez told journalists after the meeting that the visit aimed at improving relations between the US and Romania. He also said that Romania's ties to the NATO were expanding, but that the rapprochement needed time. -Dan Ionescu SECOND CEAUSESCU AIDE FREED IN ONE WEEK. On 25 June, Silviu Curticeanu, a former top Romanian Communist Party official, was let out of prison for at least a year for medical treatment. The 58-year-old Curticeanu was serving a 16-year sentence for having supported Nicolae Ceausescu's order to violently suppress the December 1989 revolt. Another Ceausescu top aide, Emil Bobu, had been freed from jail on health grounds on 18 June. Out of a group of 23 former high-ranking communist officials, condemned in 1990 on charges of complicity to genocide, only eight are known to be still in prison. -Dan Ionescu MOLDOVAN-ROMANIAN RELATIONS STAGNATE. At a meeting of Moldovan and Romanian government delegations in Chisinau on 28 June, Romanian Foreign Minister Teodor Melescanu was cited by Radio Bucharest as complaining over: Moldova's failure to open a Romanian cultural center in Chisinau; the absence of a trade agreement; continuing customs "blockages"; failure to normalize cross-border traffic; draft agreements "still awaiting signature"; and nonexecution of signed agreements. These issues have been under discussion for nearly two years. Moldovan President Mircea Snegur for his part renewed his proposal for an experimental free trade zone in a sector of the common border-an idea cold-shouldered by Romania. Snegur also called for a meeting with Iliescu "to clear up certain artificially created problems" in political relations. -Vladimir Socor MOLDOVAN WINE INDUSTRY SEEKS ALTERNATIVE MARKETS. Moldovan wines and liquors, which accounted for one third of the ex-USSR's total output, are being driven from Russia's market by prohibitive customs tariffs, the Director of Moldova's State Department for the Wine Industry told Kishinevskie Novosti of 26 June, as cited by Basapress. The move greatly increases Moldova's trade deficit vis-€-vis Russia and leaves an exportable surplus of some 10-million decaliters of wine and 2 million decaliters of cognac and liquors annually. Without giving up on the Russian market, Moldova hopes to interest Western importers and advertisers in developing access to Western markets for its quality wines, the official said. -Vladimir Socor SUGAREV ENDS HUNGER STRIKE. According to RFE/RL's Sofia Bureau, on 27 June Bulgarian parliamentary deputy Edvin Sugarev ended his hunger strike, apparently heeding President Zhelyu Zhelev's call for solving problems through political involvement rather than through passive resistance. Stefan Savov, chairman of the UDF parliamentary coalition, stated that because Sugarov has ended his strike, UDF deputies might agree to reconsider their decision to abstain from parliamentary debates. According to Savov, Sugarev's action accomplished the key objective of convincing members of the political community, including Zhelev, that early parliamentary elections are needed. -Stan Markotich ESTONIAN PRIME MINISTER IN GERMANY. On 28-June Mart Laar began a three-day visit to Germany, the first such trip by an Estonian premier since the restoration of independence. He is joined by Economics Minister Toomas Sildmae and Bank of Estonia President Siim Kallas. Laar discussed Estonia's integration into Europe and the withdrawal of Russian troops with German Chancellor Helmut Kohl and Foreign Minister Klaus Kinkel as well as meeting Social and Youth Affairs Minister Angela Merkel, Baltic and Western media report. The same day he opened the Estonian embassy in Bonn, spoke at the German Institute of Foreign Policy, and met with the chairman of the Konrad Adenauer Foundation, Gert Langhuth. On 29-June Laar travelled to Hamburg for meetings with Mayor Henning Voscherau and visits to the Hamburg Land Bank and the Chamber of Commerce and Industry. On 30 June, before returning to Tallinn, he will meet with the leader of the German-Baltic parliament group Wolfgang von Stetten, Stuttgart mayor Manfred Rommel, and the Wuerth Company. -Saulius Girnius GAS SUPPLIES TO BALTIC STATES FROM RUSSIA. On 29 June Russia restored the shipment of gas to Estonia that had been stopped on 25 June after reaching an agreement on payments for the existing debt, Baltic media report. Latvian Gas Director General Adrians Davis revealed that Russia had stopped gas shipments to Latvia on 26 June due to a debt of $4.5-million. Latvia, however, was using its winter gas reserves at Incukalns to supply customers. Due to debts of more than $40 million, gas to Lithuania was also halted on 27 June. Lithuania agreed to allow the shipment of 500,000 cubic meters of gas per day through its territory to the Kaliningrad Region and is discussing the restoration of shipments to customers able to pay. Existing reserves will allow Lithuania to supply gas to homes and some establishments deemed crucial until the middle of July. -Saulius Girnius VILNIUS CITY COUNCIL DECLINES JOINT VENTURE FOR CITY WATER. After a year of debate the Vilnius City Council decided to decline a proposal by the French company Lyonnaise des Eaux-Dumez to establish a joint venture for supplying the capital with drinking water, BNS reported on 25 June. The French would have provided investment for reconstructing the city's water mains and a system for improving the quality of the drinking water. The council decided to form a group of experts to evaluate the condition of the water system and set priorities for its reconstruction. Reacting to criticism that Lithuania was selling off its natural resources, the Council announced that competitive bids for a joint venture would be accepted until 15 October. -Saulius Girnius BELARUS AND THE RUBLE. The Belarusian TV program "Nika" reported on 23 June that Belarus does not intend to leave the ruble zone. A Belapan correspondent said this information came from someone at the Belarusian National Bank who wished to remain anonymous. Belarus will, however, ask Russia to soften the terms the Russian Central Bank had issued as a fiat to regulate Belarus' continued participation in the ruble zone. -Ustina Markus [As of 1200 CET] Compiled by Saulius Girnius and Patrick Moore THE RFE/RL DAILY REPORT IS PRODUCED BY THE RFE/RL RESEARCH INSTITUTE (A DIVISION OF RADIO FREE EUROPE/RADIO LIBERTY, INC.) with the assistance of the RFE/RL News and Current Affairs Division (NCA). The report is available by electronic mail via LISTSERV (RFERL-L@UBVM.CC.BUFFALO.EDU), on the Sovset' computer bulletin board, by fax, and by postal mail. For inquiries about specific news items, subscriptions, or additional copies, please contact: in North America: Mr. Brian Reed, RFE/RL, Inc., 1201 Connecticut Avenue NW, Washington, DC-20036 Telephone: (202) 457-6912 or -6907; Fax: (202) 457-6992 or 828-8783; Internet: RIDC@RFERL.ORG or Elsewhere: Ms. Helga Hofer, Publications Department, RFE/RL Research Institute, Oettingenstrasse 67, 8000 Munich 22, Germany;.Telephone: (+49 89) 2102-2631 or -2624; Fax: (+49 89) 2102-2648, Internet: PD@RFERL.ORG 1993, RFE/RL, Inc. All rights reserved.RFE/RL Daily Report
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