|There is always one moment in childhood when the door opens and lets the future in. - Graham Greene|
No. 116, 22 June 1993
RUSSIA FILATOV ON CONSTITUTION. The head of the presidential apparatus, Sergei Filatov, told Ostankino TV's "Itogi" on 21 June that Russia's new constitution must be adopted as quickly as possible, that it must have the necessary legitimacy, and that its adoption must be guaranteed. He claimed to see four options for adopting the constitution in accordance with these principles. First, through the Congress of Peoples Deputies, which could adopt the constitution quickly and provide the necessary legitimacy. Second, through a referendum, which, unfortunately, would take time to organize. In Filatov's opinion, moreover, neither of these options would guarantee adoption of the constitution. A third option would be the convening of a constitutional assembly. Filatov believes, however, that under current conditions that body would lack the necessary legitimacy. As a fourth option, Filatov suggested the adoption of a constitution by a newly elected parliament. -Alexander Rahr COAL PRICES TO BE FREED. A presidential decree has been issued freeing the prices of coal and coal products starting 1 July, various Russian news agencies reported on 21 June. The government has been intending to increase prices for coal for some time now, but was hesitant to liberalize them entirely. A report in ITAR-TASS on 20 June suggested that first deputy prime minister Oleg Soskovets and deputy prime ministers Boris Fedorov, Anatolii Chubais and Aleksandr Shokhin helped push the liberalization through by arguing that the resulting free market prices would be lower than the administratively increased prices proposed by others in the government. The decree, entitled "Concerning Measures for Stabilizing the Situation in the Coal Industry," also gives the industry more incentive to export. Erik Whitlock BALKAR CONGRESS RENEWS DEMANDS FOR TERRITORIAL REHABILITATION. A two-day congress of the Balkar people in Nalchik on 19 and 20 June declared that its first priority was to seek both the restoration of the territorial situation that existed before the Balkar people were deported by Stalin in 1944 and the return of those Balkars still living in the settlements in Kazakhstan and Central Asia to which they were deported, Ostankino television reported on 21 June. The Balkars, who constitute only 9.4 percent of the population of the Kabardino-Balkar republic, have long felt that they are disadvantaged and have objected to Kabardian plans to rename the republic Kabarda. In a referendum in December 1991 they voted to create a separate Balkar republic, but have since agreed to preserve the unity of Kabardino-Balkaria. The Congress of the Kabardian People nonetheless objects to Balkar demands for the restoration of the former administrative-territorial division and for equality with the Kabardians, and in April 1993 appealed to the Russian parliament not to adopt a decree on the rehabilitation of the Balkars, since it would affect the territorial interests of Kabarda. -Ann Sheehy INGUSH PRESIDENT APPEALS FOR CALM. Ingush president Ruslan Aushev has appealed to the citizens of Ingushetia not to yield to rumors and provocations and to remain calm, ITAR-TASS reported on 21 June. In an appeal circulated in Nazran, Aushev said that the anti-Ingush rallies in North Ossetia were intended to wreck the accords reached earlier on the return of Ingush refugees to the Prigorodnyi raion of North Ossetia. In an interview on Ostankino television on 20 June Russian deputy premier Sergei Shakhrai, who is responsible for nationality affairs, said that the Ossetian leadership had rejected a Russian government plan for a step-by-step return of the refugees, and that, in addition to putting internal troops in the area on alert, had invited the leadership of both Ossetia and Ingushetia for talks in Moscow on 23 June to try and find a solution and avoid further bloodshed. -Ann Sheehy TRANSCAUCASIA AND CENTRAL ASIA HUSEINOV CLAIMS POWER IN AZERBAIJAN. The Azerbaijan National Assembly (the rump parliament) convened in Baku on 21 June and appealed to President Abulfaz Elchibey to return from Nakhichevan to Baku and resume his duties, and to rebel leader Surat Huseinov to begin negotiations with the government on a solution to the ongoing crisis, Western agencies reported. Acting Interior Minister Rovshan Dzhavadov undertook to guarantee Elchibey's safety. Huseinov for his part declared at a televised press conference in Gyandzha that he was assuming supreme power in Azerbaijan in order to fill "a power vacuum." Elchibey has appealed to the West to "support the Azerbaijani people," according to ITAR-TASS quoting the Anatolia News Agency. Liz Fuller ABKHAZ EVACUATION COMPLETE; FIGHTING CONTINUES. Approximately 2,500 refugees, mostly Abkhaz and ethnic Russians, were evacuated late on 19-June from the besieged city of Tkvarcheli. They arrived in Sukhumi on 20 June, where they boarded Russian landing craft, one headed for Pitsunda and the other for Sochi, ITAR-TASS reported. According to Yurii Vorobev, Deputy head of the Russian State Committee for Emergency Situations, plans for a second evacuation mission to Tkvarcheli were scrapped when rains washed away a crucial bridge between Ochamchira and Tkvarcheli. Meanwhile, the Abkhaz Defense Ministry and the press center for Georgian troops stationed in Abkhazia both reported that fighting continued through 21 June. -Catherine Dale TAJIK OPPOSITION BANNED. In a move long expected but still likely to heighten tension, Tajikistan's Supreme Court decided on 21 June to ban the four principal opposition groups (the Islamic Renaissance Party, the Democratic Party, Rastokhez and Lale Badakhshon). Their assets are also to be confiscated. The court found the parties guilty of violating their own charters by forming military formations, causing the civil war, and killing or taking hostage Tajik legislators, Western and Russian agencies reported. The leaders of the parties, who have fled to other countries, were invited to attend, but did not; no defense lawyers or independent observers were allowed to observe the trial. The Prosecutor General, who filed the charges, claimed that rank-and-file members of the parties would not be affected by the ruling and that individuals were free to set up new parties. Prime Minister Abdullodzhanov was quoted as saying, "We are going on the way to stability even without the opposition....It makes no difference to us if they come back or not." -Keith Martin RAIDS ON AFGHAN TERRITORY FROM TAJIKISTAN? OFFICIAL KABUL RADIO, AS CITED BY REUTERS ON 21 JUNE, REPORTED THAT CIS TROOPS IN TAJIKISTAN HAD SHELLED BORDER AREAS IN AFGHANISTAN'S QUNDUZ PROVINCE. The attack was reported to have caused heavy loss of life, though the report did not mention specific figures. Tajik opposition groups and their Afghan mujaheddin supporters have been staging sporadic attacks on CIS border troops in Tajikistan from Afghan territory; the CIS forces were long frustrated in their attempts to stop the insurgents without attacking the rebels' bases in Afghanistan. Tajikistan has stepped up its pressure on the Afghan government to police the border since mujaheddin leader Gulbuddin Hekhmatyar became prime minister. Previously, the Afghan government had claimed that it did not control Hekhmatyar's forces along parts of the Afghan-Tajik border. -Keith Martin TAJIK REFUGEES RETURN HOME TO UNCERTAIN FUTURE. Over the last few days an estimated 1,500-Tajik refugees have returned to their homes, Western agencies report; this is the largest organized return of refugees since the civil war ended in January. About 1,000 refugees returned from Afghanistan, 500 of them via Termez in Uzbekistan. The other 500-refugees were stranded in the Gorno-Badakhshon region; the central government in Dushanbe had refused to allow food supplies to reach the region until it gave up its quest for independence, which it has now done. The refugees from Gorno-Badakhshon are ethnic Pamiris, most of whom sided with the opposition in last year's civil war. At least ten Pamiris have been killed in Dushanbe in the last three weeks, and there has been widespread repression against Pamiris since the end of the civil conflict. One refugee, however, was quoted as saying that he would rather die of a bullet in Dushanbe than of starvation in Badakhshon. -Keith Martin COMMONWEALTH OF INDEPENDENT STATES CRIMEAN PARLIAMENT ISSUES RESOLUTION ON FREE ECONOMY. According to ITAR-TASS quoting Ukrinform on 21 June, the Crimean parliament has passed a resolution introducing a free economic regime on the peninsula. Although mass media portrayed the resolution as an attempt to leave Ukraine, Crimean parliament chairman Mykola Bagrov told a press conference that Crimea and Ukraine would overcome their economic crisis together. Crimea was part of the Russian republic during the Soviet period until 1954, and there is significant support on the peninsula for separation from Ukraine. -Susan Stewart KEBICH TO MEET WITH CHERNOMYRDIN. The meeting scheduled for 21 June between Prime Ministers Vyacheslau Kebich of Belarus and Viktor Chernomyrdin of Russia was delayed and is likely to take place on 22-June, Belapan reported on 21 June. The two ministers are expected to discuss a wide range of issues, especially the conditions for Belarus's continuation in the ruble zone. Last week the Russian Central Bank presented the conditions republics in the ruble zone will have to adhere to if they are to continue receiving rubles. These caused an outcry in Belarus as they were seen to give Russia an unacceptable degree of control over monetary supply and policy. Supreme Soviet Chairman Stanislau Shushkevich said their acceptance would lead to a loss of the country's independence. He noted, however, that it was the bank and not the Russian government that had voiced the demands, and expressed the hope that the two governments would be able to work out an acceptable solution. -Ustina Markus CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE IS FIKRET ABDIC PLANNING SOMETHING? HINA SAID ON 22 JUNE THAT BOSNIAN PRESIDENT ALIJA IZETBEGOVIC ARRIVED IN ZAGREB THE PREVIOUS EVENING FOR TALKS IN THE BOSNIAN EMBASSY WITH HIS COLLECTIVE PRESIDENCY. The subject was whether the Muslims should return to the Geneva negotiations that appear to be headed toward a partition of their republic in a way that would leave them with only parts of central Bosnia and the physically separate "Bihac pocket" in the west. Izetbegovic appears to be opposed to returning to the talks, while the rest of the presidency is reportedly overwhelmingly in favor of going to Geneva, international media say. He now wants to travel on to Sarajevo for discussions with the government. Presidency member Fikret Abdic, the colorful and popular leader of the Bihac pocket, told reporters that the collective body definitely will go to Geneva. Some observers suggest that Abdic might be planning a coup to oust Izetbegovic and take the presidency for himself, or that he might be trying to stake out an independent political profile for Bihac; in any event, he has been talking at length to the press lately. Bihac's Muslim population is a legacy of the Ottoman Empire's frontier settlements against the Hapsburgs, but the area has a history of excellent interethnic relations, even during World War II. Abdic may try to build on that tradition to strike a new deal with Bihac's Serb and Croat neighbors, or to present himself to those two nationalities Bosnia-wide as a moderate alternative to Izetbegovic. -Patrick Moore BOBAN, KARADZIC MEET. Regardless of what Abdic's agenda may be, Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic and his Croat counterpart, Mate Boban, seem to be going ahead with plans of their own to partition the embattled republic. Borba on 21 June said that the two held a long, closed-door meeting at a Montenegrin resort the previous day. Tanjug added that several participants arrived with maps, and that the two leaders agreed on exchanges of prisoners, wounded, and civilians. It is not clear whether the two are acting on a follow-up to the reported deal between the Croatian and Serbian presidents to divide Bosnia up among the three nationalities, or if they are trying to make a pact of their own to leave the Muslims with even less land than the Tudjman-Milosevic plan allows them. Reuters on 22 June says that the Bosnian Serbs want central Sarajevo, which the Tudjman-Milosevic partition gives to the Muslims, and Borba also of that date suggests that Boban and Karadzic are indeed trying to outmaneuver Zagreb and Belgrade. -Patrick Moore SOCIALISTS NOMINATE FEDERAL YUGOSLAV PRESIDENT. Serbia's ruling Socialist Party has nominated Zoran Lilic as a candidate for president of the rump Yugoslavia. Lilic, a Socialist, is currently president of Serbia's National Assembly and is regarded a moderate. Federal Foreign Minister Vladimir Jovanovic and SPS Vice President Mihailo Markovic had also been considered as candidates. Several smaller parties in Serbia have nominated Prince Tomislav, the younger brother of Peter-II, the last king of Yugoslavia, and has received the backing of a large faction of the Bosnian and Croatian Serb leadership. Biljana Plavsic, a vice president of the self-declared Serb Republic in Bosnia told reporters on 21 June that there is support among leaders in the self-declared Serb assemblies in Croatia's Krajina region and in Bosnia-Herzegovina for a "parliamentary monarchy". Radio Serbia and B92 carried the reports on 21 June. However, other key Bosnian Serb leaders have not commented on Plavsic's remarks. Although they support Serb unification, they are cautioning against any premature merger of Serb regions in Croatia and Bosnia before an agreement is reached with the Croats. -Milan Andrejevich WALESA ADDRESSES MEDIA COUNCIL. At a meeting with his Media and Information Council on 21 June, Polish President Lech Walesa expressed the hope that the media would report on the election campaign responsibly and fairly. "The media will determine whether it will be a campaign of arguments and programs or one of hatred and slander," he said, according to PAP. At the meeting Walesa defended his idea of a nonparty bloc to support reforms, saying that it was not meant to weaken the multiparty system but to move the country forward with concrete action programs. He also addressed the problem of private broadcasters, who face criminal liability if they continue broadcasting after 1-July, saying that the law, even if it is lagging behind developments, is equally binding on everyone. At the same time he expressed the hope that the law will not be too harsh on those who find themselves in such a difficult situation through no fault of their own. -Anna Sabbat-Swidlicka POLISH GOVERNMENT ROUNDUP. Pressing forward with systemic reform in the lull before the elections, the government of Prime Minister Hanna Suchocka has announced several programmatic documents, according to 21 June PAP reports. Labor Minister Jacek Kuron unveiled a complex program to reduce unemployment that would cut the number of jobless by 500,000 in 1994. The plan aims to create new jobs, activate the job market, make the social safety net more efficient, and integrate the efforts of the different agencies concerned with employment policy. Industry Minister Waclaw Niewiarowski said that he would present the basic premises of a new industrial policy for the next few years and for the forthcoming decade in mid-July. Its objectives were to halt recession, develop the market economy, promote economic stability, and enhance the efficiency and competitiveness of Polish industry. The government has been criticized for its lack of a coherent policy to revive industry. Finally, Privatization Minister Janusz Lewandowski set up a Consultative Council for Reprivatization that is to help disperse the public confusion and frustration that has arisen around the reprivatization issue. -Anna Sabbat-Swidlicka NATO SUPREME COMMANDER MEETS CZECH LEADERS. On 21 June Gen. John Shalikashvili met in Prague with Czech Prime Minister Vaclav Klaus and President Vaclav Havel. Speaking at a press conference after the meeting, Klaus said that the Czech Republic's admission to NATO will depend on whether NATO continues to exist, on political developments in the Czech Republic, and on the situation in the former Soviet Union. Klaus confirmed that during Shalikashvili's visit a number of agreements on cooperation between NATO and the Czech Army were reached. CTK reports that during his meeting with the NATO supreme commander, President Havel expressed support for the continuing presence of American troops in Europe. Havel called the troops "a stabilizing factor." -Jiri Pehe TEMPORARY IMPORT TARIFFS IN SLOVAKIA. On 21 June Finance Minister Julius Toth said there is a 90% probability that Slovakia will implement new import tariffs next month, TASR reports. The tax will be introduced in two stages; the first, with a maximum rate of 20%, will last until the end of this year; the second, at 10%, will extend through the first half of 1994. Toth says the government has not yet decided which goods which will be affected. Czech Minister of Trade and Industry Vladimir Dlouhy considers the tariffs "short-term economic measures aimed at strengthening the macroeconomic stability of the Slovak economy." It is not yet certain how the measures will affect trade within the Visegrad Group. CTK reports that on 21 June officials representing Slovakia in the Czech-Slovak Customs Union Council officially informed the Czechs about the plans. -Sharon Fisher WILL HUNGARY BLOCK SLOVAKIA'S ENTRANCE INTO THE COUNCIL OF EUROPE? IN HIS REGULAR TELEVISION PROGRAM ON 20 JUNE, SLOVAK PREMIER VLADIMIR MECIAR SAID THAT REPRESENTATIVES OF THE MAGYAR MINORITY ARE BEING USED IN HUNGARY'S DESIGNS AGAINST SLOVAKIA. Hungary, claiming that the Magyars' rights in Slovakia are being violated, plans to veto Slovakia's admission into the Council of Europe, he said, The controversy centers on legislation that makes the entry of non-Slovak names into birth registers difficult. In response to Meciar's statement, Miklos Duray, chairman of the Hungarian Coexistence movement in the Slovak parliament, said on 21 June that no country has veto power in the Council of Europe. Also on the 21st, a spokesman of the Hungarian Foreign Affairs Ministry, Janos Herman, told TASR that Hungary is "not against" Slovakia's entry into the CE; it simply wants Slovakia to satisfy the conditions required for admission. According to Herman, problem areas include bilingual signs and other measures which "negatively influence" the Hungarian minority position in Slovakia. According to Janos Perenyi, the Hungarian ambassador to the Council of Europe, Hungary has no interest in hindering Slovakia's admission into the Council and has no veto right in that regard. -Sharon Fisher and Alfred Reisch HUNGARIAN JUSTICE PARTY FORMED. Istvan Csurka, a member of the 11-member Justice parliamentary faction set up last week, announced on 21 June that the faction will create, together with unnamed outsiders, the Hungarian Justice party and start proceedings for its registration, MTI reports. Several organizations, such as the Csurka-led Hungarian Road, and "several hundred" individuals have already indicated their desire to join the new party. The new group will not accept the offered invitation to return to the ruling Hungarian Democratic Forum party. According to Lajos Horvath, acting leader of the Hungarian Justice parliamentary faction, the faction expects to have 15 to 16 members, enough to be recognized both as a party and faction in parliament. -Alfred Reisch GONCZ IN MOSCOW. Hungarian President Arpad Goncz, on an unofficial visit to Russia, stressed the importance of good political and economic relations between the two countries and decorated former students in Leningrad who had been imprisoned for expressing solidarity with the 1956 Hungarian Revolution. Goncz will visit Russia's four Finno-Ugric republics, beginning with the Komi, and meet with Russian President Boris Yeltsin at the beginning of July. -Alfred Reisch ROMANIAN PREMIER ADDRESSES SENATE. In an address to the Senate on 21 June Prime Minister Nicolae Vacaroiu provided details on the introduction of the value-added tax on 1-July. He stressed the importance of the move for free-market reforms in Romania and expressed hopes that economy will become more stable in the near future, with the monthly inflation rate dropping from a current 11-11.5% to no more than 2-3%. Vacaroiu also said that situation in agriculture has improved and that Romania might stop importing cereals this year. He further admitted that privatization of state-owned enterprises was slow and foreign investments continued to be very limited. Radio Bucharest broadcast the address live. -Dan Ionescu ROMANIAN MINERS PROTEST IN BAIA MARE. On 21 June thousands of miners staged a protest at the headquarters of the Lead and Zinc Company in Baia Mare. Their main claim was an increase of the minimum wage for those working underground from a current 70,000 lei (some $100) to between 150,000 and 210,000 lei ($210-300). The miners threatened a general strike if government officials, including Premier Vacaroiu, failed to come to Baia Mare for negotiations within 24-hours. They also said that they plan to go to Bucharest in case their demands were not met. In 1990 and 1991 coal miners from the Jiu Valley rampaged through Romania's capital on several occasions. -Dan Ionescu ETHNIC HUNGARIAN PARTY IN ROMANIA RELEASES STATEMENT. On 21 June Radio Bucharest and Radio Budapest both broadcast a communique released in Tirgu Mures by the leading body of the Hungarian Democratic Federation of Romania. According to the statement, the HDFR has decided to join the newly created Council for National Minorities provided that the authorities satisfactorily resolve a set of demands by 31 August, otherwise the HDFR reserves its right to quit the council. The statement also called attention to what it described as "the political trials" being currently staged in Romania against members of the Hungarian minority accused of crimes during the December 1989 uprising and the March 1990 ethnic clashes in Tirgu Mures. -Dan Ionescu UDF RALLY TARGETS GOVERNMENT. After nearly two weeks of demonstrations directed chiefly against President Zhelyu Zhelev, protests organized by the Union of Democratic Forces have begun targeting the Bulgarian government. At a rally in Sofia on 22 June, Western agencies quote UDF leaders as telling thousands of supporters that the coalition will do all in its power to bring the current cabinet down. UDF chairman Filip Dimitrov said he will try to persuade other parliamentary factions to block a government reshuffle on which the National Assembly is scheduled to vote on 23 June. Meeting in Kyustendil on 17 June, the influential Podkrepa trade union also called for new parliamentary elections in order to help create a more stable parliament. In the meantime, protest actions continue without interruption against Zhelev, whose presidential candidacy was supported by the UDF in January 1992. Although he asked party sympathizers not to follow his example, UDF deputy Edvin Sugarev on 22 June told an RFE/RL correspondent he will continue his 15-day hunger strike until Zhelev finally resigns. At the same time, 24 smaller parties and organizations adopted a declaration in support of the president. -Kjell Engelbrekt MOLDOVA FAVORS NATO-BASED EUROPEAN SECURITY. President Mircea Snegur told a conference of the senior staff of the Defense Ministry that "Moldova is directly interested in the creation of a European collective security system under CSCE auspices based on the structures of NATO, involving military and political cooperation among democratic countries that observe a common set of principles and norms in international relations," Basapress reported on 21 June. -Vladimir Socor KRAVCHUK REVOKES CONTROVERSIAL DECREE. On 21 June Ukrinform carried the text of a decree issued by President Leonid Kravchuk suspending an earlier pronouncement that placed him at the head of government. The new decree makes way for a reappraisal of the relationship between the president, government, and parliament. The earlier, 16 June decree drew fire from Prime Minister Leonid Kuchma, who said it stripped him of his powers and made his job irrelevant. Kravchuk was prompted to issue the first decree by the economic situation which led to the miners strike in the Donbass. Government negotiators acquiesced in most of the miner's demands, offering pay raises and other benefits and agreeing to a referendum on confidence in the president and parliament. Kuchma and Labor Minister Mykola Kaskevich opposed the compromise on the grounds that it would cost the government money it does not have, thereby increasing inflation and the budget deficit and putting further pressure on the value of the Ukrainian currency, Reuters reported on 22 June. -Ustina Markus NEW ESTONIAN LAW ON FOREIGNERS. On 21-June, by a vote of 59 to 3, parliament passed a law on foreigners, BNS reports. The law requires noncitizens to apply for a residence permit within one year. All permanent residents, regardless of ethnic background, will be allowed to vote in local elections on 17-October if they register before 12 August. Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Vitalii Churkin called the law a "grave violation of human rights" and said that Russia is preparing a retaliatory package of diplomatic and political measures. On 22 June Estonian Prime Minister Mart Laar will meet with municipal and industrial leaders in the heavily Russian-populated town of Narva to discuss the situation and try to convince them not to implement planned protest strikes. -Saulius Girnius ELECTION OF PARLIAMENT DEPUTY IN LITHUANIA FAILS. On 20 June elections were held in the Kaisiadoriai electoral district to fill the parliament seat vacated by Algirdas Brazauskas when he was elected president in February, Radio Lithuania reports. Since only 32.8% of registered voters participated in the elections, the required 40% minimum was not met and another vote will be held within six months. Former Supreme Council secretary Liudvikas Sabutis, nominated by Sajudis, led five other candidates with 42% of the votes. -Saulius Girnius RUBIKS TRIAL BEGINS. On 21 June the Latvian Supreme Court convened to try the case of former Latvian Communist Party chief Alfreds Rubiks and party secretary Ojars Potreki, who are accused of trying to overthrow the government in January and August 1991. The trial was postponed on account of Rubiks' health. Medical examinations now show that although Rubiks has chronic circulatory problems in his right leg, he is nonetheless fit to stand trial. Rubiks refused to cooperate, however, and had to be carried into the courtroom, where he made a brief statement in Russian protesting that he is having to stand trial even after having been elected to a seat in parliament. Holding up his bandaged leg for everyone to see, Rubiks also removed his shirt to show a bandage on his back covering a wound allegedly suffered as he was being transported to court, Diena reported. -Dzintra Bungs CONFLICTING REPORTS ON RUSSIAN TROOP WITHDRAWALS. Russian Foreign and Defense Ministry spokesmen denied Latvian and Estonian reports that the pullout of Russian troops from the Baltics had been suspended and that the Russian forces held military exercises in June focusing on the takeover of major state facilities in Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania, as had been alleged by Estonian Defense Minister Hain Rebas. The Lithuanian embassy in Moscow confirmed that the troop withdrawal from his country is proceeding according to schedule, Baltic and RFE/RL correspondents reported on 21 June. In a related development, BNS reported on the 21st that serious problems have been encountered in drafting a Lithuanian-Russian treaty on the transit of Russian troops through Lithuania. -Dzintra Bungs [As of 1200 CET] Compiled by Stephen Foye and Charles Trumbull THE RFE/RL DAILY REPORT IS PRODUCED BY THE RFE/RL RESEARCH INSTITUTE (A DIVISION OF RADIO FREE EUROPE/RADIO LIBERTY, INC.) with the assistance of the RFE/RL News and Current Affairs Division (NCA). The report is available by electronic mail via LISTSERV (RFERL-L@UBVM.CC.BUFFALO.EDU), on the Sovset' computer bulletin board, by fax, and by postal mail. For inquiries about specific news items, subscriptions, or additional copies, please contact: in North America: Mr. Brian Reed, RFE/RL, Inc., 1201 Connecticut Avenue NW, Washington, DC-20036 Telephone: (202) 457-6912 or -6907; Fax: (202) 457-6992 or 828-8783; Internet: RIDC@RFERL.ORG or Elsewhere: Ms. Helga Hofer, Publications Department, RFE/RL Research Institute, Oettingenstrasse 67, 8000 Munich 22, Germany;.Telephone: (+49 89) 2102-2631 or -2624; Fax: (+49 89) 2102-2648, Internet: PD@RFERL.ORG 1993, RFE/RL, Inc. All rights reserved.RFE/RL Daily Report
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