|The absence of alternatives clears the mind marvelously. - Henry Kissinger|
No. 115, 21 June 1993
COMMONWEALTH OF INDEPENDENT STATES KRAVCHUK ON SUMMIT DISCUSSIONS OF NUCLEAR WEAPONS. According to reports from Radio Ukraine and the New York Times of 18 June, Russian President Boris Yeltsin reiterated during his meeting with Ukrainian President Leonid Kravchuk Russia's willingness to provide security guarantees to Ukraine if it ratifies the START-1 and NPT treaties. Previous Russian security guarantees have been found wanting, however, by both the Ukrainian parliament and foreign ministry. Kravchuk noted that Russia's willingness to discuss compensating Ukraine for the materials in the nuclear warheads on Ukraine's territory recognized Ukraine's ownership of them and suggested that consideration of the treaties should not be delayed until after the 26 September referendum. He did, however, suggest that the START-1 treaty might have to be amended so that vacated missile silos could be filled with concrete rather than destroyed, as is called for by the treaty. -John Lepingwell WHO CONTROLS THE NUCLEAR WEAPONS? KRAVCHUK DID NOT ADDRESS THE QUESTION OF WHO NOW CONTROLS THE NUCLEAR WEAPONS BASED IN UKRAINE. Until the dissolution of the CIS Joint Command on 15 June, Marshal Evgenii Shaposhnikov and Yeltsin both held the launch codes for weapons based in Ukraine and Kazakhstan, as provided for by CIS agreements on nuclear weapons control. However, according to an account in Izvestiya of 18 June, Shaposhnikov stated during a press conference that he retained the codes, even though he is no longer in the CIS military command structure. The result appears to be that Russia has assumed de facto direct operational control over all former Soviet nuclear weapons. If so, the lack of a response or comment from Ukraine and Kazakhstan is surprising. The issue of nuclear command and control is thus likely to be a central issue of discussion once again at the upcoming CIS summit meeting in Erevan in July. -John Lepingwell RUSSIA RUSSIAN TROOPS PLACED ON ALERT IN NORTH OSSETIA AND INGUSHETIA. Russian troops have been placed on alert in North Ossetia and Ingushetia due to concern over growing tensions in the region, ITAR-TASS and AFP reported on 20 June. The Russian State Committee for Nationalities warned on 19 June that there was a real threat of large-scale conflict, and said troops were having difficulty coping with the refugee problem, disarming illegal groups, and controlling crime. It also asked Georgia and Chechnya to prevent weapons getting into the region. The chief problem is the return of Ingush refugees to the Prigorodnyi raion of North Ossetia. On 18 June Yeltsin issued a decree ordering the Russian government to review measures to implement the agreements on the return of the refugees reached in Kislovodsk on 20-March. The same day, a protest meeting attended by several thousand was held in the North Ossetian capital Vladikavkaz to demand a referendum on whether or not Ingush and Ossetians could live together in North Ossetia, ITAR-TASS reported. So far, about 16,000 Ingush refugees have declared their wish to return. -Ann Sheehy CHECHEN PREMIER SAYS POWER CRISIS IN CHECHNYA HAS REACHED APOGEE. Yaragi Mamodaev, the head of the Chechen government of national trust appointed by the Chechen parliament but not recognized by Chechen president Dzhokhar Dudaev, claimed in an interview with ITAR-TASS on 19 June that the crisis of power in Chechnya had reached its apogee and would soon be resolved. Mamodaev, who is currently in Moscow, said Dudaev had only one option, namely to create the image of the external enemy, which he might do by provoking the non-indigenous population or causing problems on the disputed frontier with Ingushetia. To forestall this, Mamodaev had spoken with Ingush president Ruslan Aushev and with representatives of the Russian-speaking population. In a further interview with ITAR-TASS on 20 June, Mamodaev denied accusations that he had fled Chechnya and said he would return shortly. -Ann Sheehy DUDAEV VISITS PARIS, VIENNA. Not for the first time during a period of acute tension in Chechnya, Dudaev has been abroad. ITAR-TASS reported on 18 June that he had been in Paris from 13-16 June in conditions of near total secrecy, and an RFE/RL correspondent reported that he had arrived unexpectedly at the World Human Rights Conference in Vienna on 18-June. On 20-June Dudaev told journalists in Vienna that he had discussions with business circles and parliamentarians from Germany, France, and Austria, and also with representatives of the United Nations Industrial Development Organization. He maintained that the West had distorted information on the situation in Chechnya. In the meantime, the commandant of Mozdok in North Ossetia turned down a request for military assistance from the Chechen opposition in the Nadterechnyi raion of Chechnya where a 500-strong unit of Dudaev's guards is said to have killed four people, ITAR-TASS reported on 19 June. -Ann Sheehy YELTSIN IN SAKHA (YAKUTIA). Yeltsin returned to Moscow on 20 June after a two-day trip to Sakha (Yakutia). During his stay Yeltsin visited a jewelry factory, had talks with the leadership and attended a folk festival, Russian and Western media reported. Trying to ensure the republic's support for his draft constitution, Yeltsin said before departure that the republic should have more rights and autonomy, ITAR-TASS reported on 20 June. Yeltsin said on 19-June that Moscow would no longer dictate the way the mineral-rich republic uses its resources. Sakha's leaders told Yeltsin that they supported his economic reforms but wanted more political autonomy. According to Le Monde of 18 June, Sakha parliamentary chairman Klement Ivanov had declared, apropos of the statement adopted last week by the constitutional assembly, that by dropping the reference to the sovereignty of the republics Yeltsin "had created a dangerous situation which menaced reducing to naught all the results of the conference. -Ann Sheehy NEW ENERGY CONSERVATION PROGRAM APPROVED. The Presidium of the Council of Ministers approved a package of energy conservation measures on 18 June, ITAR-TASS reported. The program is intended to cut energy consumption to 35-40 million tons below 1990 levels by 1995 and 200 million tons below 1990 levels by the year 2000. Minister of Fuel and Energy Yurii Shafranik, who presented the program to the presidium, noted that waste of energy resources had increased in the last two years; despite significant declines in production, energy use has remained relatively stable. Initial consumption-cutting measures include fines against enterprises using excessive amounts of energy. Erik Whitlock INFLATION RATE UP IN MAY. The retail price index in Russia rose to 22-24% in May according to the government's Center on Economic Reform, Radio Moscow and Reuters reported on 18 June. The June figure, based on inflation to date this month, is expected to be around 20%. These figures compare unfavorably with those of March and April, which were in the mid-teens. The Chairman of the Center was not optimistic about near-term prospects for improvement in Russian price stability and suggested that the Central Bank would not honor its commitment to keep credit creation for the second quarter of this year within a 30% growth limit. -Keith Bush and Erik Whitlock IFC APPROVES LOANS TO RUSSIA'S OIL AND GAS INDUSTRIES. The International Finance Corporation (IFC) approved two loans amounting to $71.5 million on 18 June, according to ITAR-TASS on 19 June. These are the first two programs to be supported by the IFC since Russia became a member on 12 April. One loan worth $60 million goes to "Polar Lights", a joint venture between the American company, Conoco Inc., and the Russian company, Arkhangelskgeologia. This joint venture has already been promised a $90 million loan from the EBRD and is expected to receive a $50-million loan from the United States. The IFC will also invest $1.5 million in, and lend $10 million to, "Vasyugan Services", a joint enterprise between a Canadian company and two Russian companies. This company plans to use modern drilling methods to boost oil and gas production in western Siberia. In the meantime the American House of Representatives has passed a bill on foreign aid which envisages $2.5-billion in aid for Russia for the year beginning 1 October. -Sheila Marnie JAPAN'S DOMESTIC PROBLEMS COULD AFFECT RUSSIAN AID. Experts and government officials in the West are concerned that domestic political problems in Japan could complicate efforts to provide more G-7 financial aid to Russia. Japanese Prime Minister Kiichi Miyazawa lost a vote of confidence on 18 June, leaving the government in disarray less than a month before the next G-7 Summit meeting, to be hosted by Tokyo from 7-9 July. Aid to Russia figures prominently on the agenda at the summit and, as Western agencies report, there is some concern in Western capitals that a weakened Japanese government will be unable or unwilling to commit itself to a more ambitious aid program. Meanwhile, Kyodo reported on 19 June that the IMF would provide the first disbursement ($1.5-billion) of a new aid plan for Russia that was worked at a G-7 meeting held in Tokyo in April of this year. -Stephen Foye TRANSCAUCASIA AND CENTRAL ASIA POLITICAL STANDOFF IN AZERBAIJAN. Azerbaijani President Abulfaz Elchibey left Baku by private plane in the early morning of 18 June for his home town of Ordubad in Nakhichevan. In a TV address on 18 June, Parliament chairman Geidar Aliev claimed to have assumed the powers of president in accordance with the Azerbaijani Constitution. When the National Assembly declined to transfer presidential power to Aliev, he later claimed he had assumed temporary power. Speaking to journalists in Ordubad on 19 June, Elchibey affirmed that he remained president and would continue to direct state affairs, ITAR-TASS reported. In response to a request from the Azerbaijani military, rebel leader Surat Huseinov sent a detachment of his troops to reinforce government troops defending the town of Agdam; on 19-20 June the combined Azerbaijani forces succeeded in driving back an Armenian offensive, Western agencies reported. Meanwhile the main body of Huseinov's men continued their advance to within a few miles of Baku. On 20 June National Independence Party chairman Etibar Mamedov succeeded in negotiating an agreement whereby Huseinov would halt all military activity for one week to enable the Azerbaijani parliament to debate the circumstances of the 4 June clash in Gyandzha between Huseinov's men and government forces., for which Huseinov holds Elchibey responsible. A spokesman for Huseinov told Western journalists that reports that Huseinov was demanding a top government post for himself were false. -Liz Fuller TAJIK REGION ACQUIESCES. Reuters on 20 June quoted officials of Tajikistan's Gorno-Badakhshon region as saying that they are no longer pursuing their quest for independence. In an apparent effort to improve relations with the Dushanbe government, the Badakhshoni authorities have taken several conciliatory steps, including a promise to guard the region's border with Afghanistan to stop infiltration by rebels fighting the central government. The leader of Gorno-Badakhshon's "self-defense squadron" said his forces would be controlled by the Tajik army, but would continue to be made up of Pamiris, the region's predominant ethnic group; he also claimed his forces had beaten back four recent attempts by government troops to enter Badakhshon. While the central government hopes this agreement will stabilize the general situation, the Badakhshoni authorities believe that the truce will allow desperately needed aid to reach the region and that it will permit some of the 70,000 refugees from other parts of Tajikistan to return home. -Keith Martin CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE KRAJINA SERBS CONCLUDE VOTE. According to preliminary figures, more than 92% of the 400,000 Serbs in the self-declared Krajina Republic in Croatia have turned out to vote in a referendum calling for union with the similarly self-declared Serb Republic in Bosnia. The referendum also asks if the regions should merge "with other Serb territories." Organizers say final results will be announced on 23 June and predict that more than 95% will approve unification. Ceremonies marking unification are already scheduled for 28 June, the Serbian Vidovdan holiday. Croatia's government has widely condemned the vote, and the moderate Serbian People's Party based in Zagreb has accused organizers of misleading Croatia's Serb minority. Radios Serbia and Croatia carried the report. -Milan Andrejevich IS THERE A LINK BETWEEN THE KRAJINA AND BOSNIA ISSUES? THE 19 JUNE STUTTGARTER ZEITUNG SUGGESTS THAT THE REFERENDUM HAS PROMPTED BOTH CROATIAN PRESIDENT FRANJO TUDJMAN AND HIS SERBIAN COUNTERPART SLOBODAN MILOSEVIC TO CLOSE THEIR DEAL ON EFFECTIVELY PARTITIONING BOSNIA AND TURN THEIR JOINT ATTENTION TO KRAJINA. Tudjman's party contains one faction pressing for a military solution to Serb control of about a quarter of Croatia's territory, while another favors a political approach. Tudjman may well have now ruled in favor of the latter and entered into talks with Milosevic about a solution to the Krajina problem. The Serbian leader, for his part, may want to come to terms with Tudjman before the Krajina and Bosnian Serbs create a new state that he may not be able to control. Milosevic has, however, been ruthless in the past in dealing with nominal subordinates who have crossed him, and he has also gotten the better of Tudjman in bilateral negotiations. -Patrick Moore SERBIAN GOVERNMENT SURVIVES NO-CONFIDENCE VOTE. On 18 June by a vote of 159 to 41 the predominantly Socialist Serbian government survived a vote of no-confidence demanded by the opposition DEPOS coalition. The outcome depended largely on Vojislav Seselj's Radical Party, Serbia's second largest, which sided with the socialists in voting for the government. Seselj, however, warned that his party is giving the federal and Serbian Governments until September to improve the country's economic and social situation or face "a more radical option." On 19 June police clashed near Belgrade's central jail with several hundred protesters who demanded the release of opposition leader Vuk Draskovic and his wife. Those demonstrators were part of some 10,000 people who marched in Belgrade in support of Draskovic. Serbian authorities have accused Draskovic of inciting violent demonstration on 1 and 2 June and are seeking to ban Draskovic's Serbian Renewal Movement. Seselj and paramilitary leader Zeljko Raznjatovic ("Arkan") are opposed to such a ban and have said that Draskovic was not responsible for the violence. Meanwhile, former Prime Minister Milan Panic, in Belgrade on a three-day visit, met with top opposition leaders to coordinate activities. Radio Serbia and Studio B TV carried the reports. -Milan Andrejevich LONG-TERM PROSPECTS FOR THE YUGOSLAV AREA. Panic took advantage of his trip to Belgrade to promote a favorite idea of his, namely a Balkan economic union, Reuters reports on 20 June. He said that the countries of the region are otherwise not viable and included in his statement not only the former Yugoslav republics, but also Hungary, Bulgaria, Romania, and Turkey. He also argued against the idea of creating states in the ethnically mixed Balkans on a purely national basis. The Croatian media, for their part, have periodically raised the issue of possible outside attempts to set up a "third Yugoslavia." While the Croatian leadership argues strongly that its goal is a "European Croatia," it is clear that people are thinking about future links of some sort to the regions with which they were formerly closely integrated economically. Croatian opinion would seem to agree with Slovenian Foreign Minister Lojze Peterle, who told Vjesnik on 14 June that Slovenia ultimately seeks good relations with all the former Yugoslav republics but rules out the creation of any new supranational state. The key principle, Peterle argued, is one of concrete mutual interests. -Patrick Moore ELECTION COMMITTEE FOR POLISH NONPARTY REFORM BLOC. At a meeting with representatives of employee share-ownership programs in the Silesian coal-mining town of Sosnowiec on 18 June, President Lech Walesa described his proposed Non-Party Bloc to Support Reform (BBWR) as "an offer to all those who have not lost faith in the sense of political reforms." PAP quotes Walesa as saying that the BBWR's election program would move away from the futile political in-fighting of the recently dissolved Sejm and reinforce Poland's democratic achievements with economic development and citizens' welfare. The chairman of the Union of Employee Ownership, Jacek Adam Lipinski, informed those present that his organization that same day founded a BBWR election committee with headquarters in Warsaw. Walesa's campaign plan focuses on four lobbies (workers, businessmen, agricultural workers, and local administrators), each of which would draw up a list of priorities in its sphere, according to a report in Rzeczpospolita of 19 June. Gazeta Wyborcza claims that business groups and the chairmen of the president's seven social councils are still considering his offer to join the bloc. -Anna Sabbat-Swidlicka POLISH PRIVATE BROADCASTERS CALL FOR A RESPITE. Responding to warnings by the head of Poland's National Broadcasting Council, Marek Markiewicz, that they make themselves liable to criminal proceedings if they continue broadcasting after 1-July, Poland's private commercial broadcasters appealed on 18 June to President Lech Walesa and Prime Minister Hanna Suchocka to find a solution that would enable them to continue broadcasting until such time as their applications for a license can be processed. "It is unfair to penalize broadcasters for the lawmakers' sluggishness," they said. PAP quoted Walesa as saying in Katowice on that day that he is opposed to any ban on private broadcasting. Head of the prime minister's office, Jan Maria Rokita, said that the government rejects any interpretation of the law on broadcasting that would violate the constitutional principle of freedom of speech. Gazeta Wyborcza quoted representatives of the State Radio Communications Agency as saying it was not their business to report to the prosecutor's office on who was broadcasting without a license because licenses are issued by the NBC. -Anna Sabbat-Swidlicka POLISH BISHOPS INSTRUCT CATHOLICS ON CIVIC DUTY. At the end of a two-day conference in Olsztyn, the bishops reminded believers that it is their moral duty to take part in the forthcoming elections and thus help to shape the common good. "One cannot be a good Catholic if one is not a good citizen," they said, according to an RFE correspondent's report on 20 June. Although the Church does not identify with or support any political group, the bishops indicated that the way forward includes a multiparty political system, a free market economy, and social security for all groups. At the same time, they warned against those candidates who "stop short at criticism and negation," and expressed concern lest "the consolidation of postcommunist tendencies" lead people to forget "the painful experiences of the recent past." -Anna Sabbat-Swidlicka NATO SUPREME COMMANDER IN THE CZECH REPUBLIC. Gen. John M. Shalikashvili arrived in Prague on 20 June for a three-day visit. CTK reports that on the same day the NATO Supreme Commander discussed with Foreign Minister Jozef Zieleniec cooperation between the Czech army and NATO. They agreed that in four weeks the NATO will establish a mission in Prague composed of high military officers, who would coordinate cooperation and offer military expertise to the Czech army. Shalikashvili is also scheduled to meet with President Vaclav Havel and Defense Minister Antonin Baudys. -Jiri Pehe SLOVAK MINISTER RESIGNS. Slovak media reported on 18 June that Minister of Education and Science Matus Kucera submitted his resignation to President Michal Kovac. Following the no-confidence vote against him and Privatization Minister Lubomir Dolgos in a 12 June meeting of the ruling Movement for a Democratic Slovakia, Kucera initially refused to resign. He has been offered the position of ambassador to Croatia. -Sharon Fisher HUNGARIAN SOCIAL DEMOCRATS (RE)UNITE. In a 19 June joint statement the leaders of Hungary's three social democratic parties-Hungarian Social Democratic Party, Independent Social Democratic Party, and Social Democratic People's Party-declared their intention to run as a unified social democratic party in the 1994 general elections. The name and common program of the party are to be decided at a joint congress in October, MTI reports. The move was motivated by pressure from the parties' memberships and the realization that none would have much of a chance were it to run alone in the election. -Alfred Reisch HUNGARIAN-ROMANIAN OPEN SKIES FLIGHTS. Romanian armed forces personnel are carrying out another aerial surveillance flight over Hungary under the terms of the two countries' bilateral open skies agreement, following a Hungarian flight over Romania between 15 and 18 January 1993, Radio Budapest announced on 20 June. This brings the total for this year to two of the four flights permitted annually for each country. -Alfred Reisch ILIESCU IN SWITZERLAND. On 19-20 June Romanian President Ion Iliescu attended the fourth Crans-Montana international forum. At a press conference on 19-June, Iliescu said that his country has made considerable progress in reforming economy despite the difficult situation inherited from Nicolae Ceausescu's regime. Iliescu further dismissed as "fabrications" charges leveled by miners' leader Miron Cosma against Romania's secret police. Cosma, who recently attended an ILO conference in Geneva, stated in an interview that rampages by vigilante coal miners in 1990 and 1991 had largely been the product of manipulation by the Romanian Intelligence Service, the successor to Ceausescu's Securitate. Iliescu insisted that Romania is the only East European country to have abolished its communist-style secret service. Asked about a possible coalition government in Romania, Iliescu welcomed the idea but added that, for the time being, there are no plans to reshuffle-or replace Nicolae Vacaroiu's minority cabinet. -Dan Ionescu ANOTHER FORMER CEAUSESCU AIDE RELEASED. According to Adevarul of 19/20 June, Emil Bobu, a former top Ceausescu aide, was released from jail on 18-June. The 65-year-old Bobu was convicted to life imprisonment three years ago on charges of complicity in genocide. Last April the Supreme Court reduced his term to 10 years. The decision to free him on age and health grounds was taken by Bucharest's municipal court. Romanian courts have already set free numerous former communist officials, including Ceausescu's son Nicu, who had been a communist party secretary in Sibiu County. -Dan Ionescu SECRET POLICE FILES REAPPEAR ON BULGARIAN POLITICAL AGENDA. Against the backdrop of allegations that the current National Assembly and President Zhelyu Zhelev stand under the influence of former communists and state security officials, calls for an investigation of the secret police files of top politicians have become more frequent. Parliamentary Chairman Aleksandar Yordanov, deputies of the New Union for Democracy caucus, and Zhelev himself have in the last few days demanded that a solution be found. On 17-June former Deputy Prime Minister and member of the NUD Dimitar Ludzhev told BTA that a probe would show that several UDF leaders, including chairman Filip Dimitrov, participated in "dirty games" prior to 1989. Pointing out that most NUD legislators have blocked previous attempts to settle the matter, UDF deputy Hristo Biserov said the faction probably regards the demand as a way of extending the lifetime of the current parliament. -Kjell Engelbrekt GOVERNMENT CRISIS IN UKRAINE. Prime Minister Leonid Kuchma has reiterated his intention to resign, various agencies reported on 18-21 June. Kuchma had already presented his resignation to parliament twice because he had not been given the powers to proceed with his economic reforms, but deputies refused to accept it and persuaded him to continue in office. His latest attempt to resign was prompted by President Leonid Kravchuk's decree on 16 June in which he announced that he was taking over as head of government and created a special committee to deal with Ukraine's economy with Kuchma as its head. Kuchma was openly critical of these actions saying they strip him of his powers and effectively eliminate his post. In response on 20 June Kravchuk offered to amend his decree. -Ustina Markus FRENCH FIRM TO ENTOMB CHERNOBYL REACTOR. The French engineering firm Campenon Bernard SGE won a competition to design and build a new "tomb" to encase the fourth reactor in Chernobyl's nuclear power station. Ukraine's government opened the competition last year after determining that the structure currently entombing the reactor had cracks totaling 1,000 sq. m., and would remain safe for no more than seven years. The new enclosure will cost $250 million, Reuters reported on 18 June. -Ustina Markus PAN-RUSSIAN GROUPS CELEBRATE BENDERY VICTORY. On 18-20 June the "Dniester republic" and supporters from Russia celebrated the first anniversary of the victory of "Dniester" forces and elements of Russia's 14th Army over Moldova in Bendery, Basapress reports. Russian Supreme Soviet Deputy Sergei Baburin, who headed a group of Russian parliamentarians at the celebrations, told rallies in Tiraspol and Bendery that "the internationalist people of the Dniester were the first on the territory of the USSR to wake up." A delegation from Moscow of the Russia-Dniester Solidarity Committee delivered greetings from coleaders Vladimir Zhirinovsky and Viktor Anpilov. Black Sea Cossack Ataman Aleksandr Bulgakov, who commands a unit in Bendery, said that Russian Cossacks "will continue to maintain the Russian empire's borders from the Pacific to the Baltic Sea" and "do not recognize any republics or independent states on this territory," but that "the Dniester people has won through fighting the right to its own state formation." Viktor Dyukarev, a deputy in the dissolved Congress of People's Deputies, a member of the Soyuz group, and leading member of the Dniester delegation for talks with Moldova, called for the prosecution of Moldova's leaders as "war criminals." Gen. Aleksandr Lebed, commander of Russia's 14th Army, which props up the "Dniester republic," declared it to be "invincible." -Vladimir Socor HEATED EXCHANGES OVER CIVIL RIGHTS IN ESTONIA. On 18 June the Russian Foreign Ministry accused Estonia of "aggressive nationalism" and warned that "the line of confrontation taken by Tallinn" may have serious consequences, not only for Estonia but also for the Baltic region. The statement spoke of "an interethnic explosion" stemming from discrimination against Russian citizens and servicemen in Estonia. On 19 June thousands of ethnic Russians in Narva protested against a draft law on foreigners, especially the stipulation that foreigners should apply for a residence permit within one year of their arrival in Estonia. The demonstrators also threatened to hold strikes. That same day Estonian Premier Mart Laar accused Russia of "crude interference" in Estonia's affairs and denied Moscow's claims that under the law people would lose their jobs and be denied their residency permits. -Dzintra Bungs RUSSIAN TROOP WITHDRAWAL FROM LATVIA SUSPENDED? ILGONIS UPMALIS, DIRECTOR OF THE OFFICE OVERSEEING RUSSIAN TROOP WITHDRAWAL FROM LATVIA, TOLD DIENA ON 18 JUNE THAT IN ACCORDANCE WITH YELTSIN'S ANNOUNCEMENT OF 10 JUNE, THE PULLOUT OF THE RUSSIAN SOLDIERS FROM AND THE TURNOVER OF MILITARY FACILITIES TO LATVIA HAS STOPPED. Upmalis linked the suspension to Yeltsin's announcement of the 10th in which the Russian president linked troop withdrawals to Russian rights in Estonia and Latvia and the lack of housing for returning troops in Russia. Concerning the Russian military exercises scheduled to take place this week, but reportedly postponed until 10 July, the situation is unclear because, as Diena reported on 20 June, some 28 Russian officers are to arrive in Latvia around 23-24 June. -Dzintra Bungs [As of 1200 CET] Compiled by Stephen Foye and Charles Trumbull THE RFE/RL DAILY REPORT IS PRODUCED BY THE RFE/RL RESEARCH INSTITUTE (A DIVISION OF RADIO FREE EUROPE/RADIO LIBERTY, INC.) with the assistance of the RFE/RL News and Current Affairs Division (NCA). The report is available by electronic mail via LISTSERV (RFERL-L@UBVM.CC.BUFFALO.EDU), on the Sovset' computer bulletin board, by fax, and by postal mail. For inquiries about specific news items, subscriptions, or additional copies, please contact: in North America: Mr. Brian Reed, RFE/RL, Inc., 1201 Connecticut Avenue NW, Washington, DC-20036 Telephone: (202) 457-6912 or -6907; Fax: (202) 457-6992 or 828-8783; Internet: RIDC@RFERL.ORG or Elsewhere: Ms. Helga Hofer, Publications Department, RFE/RL Research Institute, Oettingenstrasse 67, 8000 Munich 22, Germany;.Telephone: (+49 89) 2102-2631 or -2624; Fax: (+49 89) 2102-2648, Internet: PD@RFERL.ORG 1993, RFE/RL, Inc. All rights reserved.
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