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No. 110, 14 June 1993
RUSSIA YELTSIN ON INDEPENDENCE DAY. In a statement broadcast on Russian TV to mark the third anniversary of Russia's independence day (12 June), President Boris Yeltsin said that the April referendum had shown that the Russian people were "wiser than those who so love to speak in their name," but that opposition forces were still trying to provoke disorder. He called for lasting relations with the countries of the "near abroad"-the former Soviet republics. He called the current constitutional assembly the "prototype of future Russian parliamentarianism." Yeltsin told the press that same day that there are a dozen potential candidates for the presidential elections scheduled for 1996, and that work was underway to form a political group to support reformist candidates. He also said that he has considered, but rejected as undemocratic, the idea of dissolving parliament earlier this year. -Wendy Slater CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY CONTINUES ITS WORK. On 13 June the Constituent Assembly's working group, which deals with the setup of federal bodies, discussed the presidential powers to be reflected in a new constitution. Most delegates supported the provision that a president should have the right to dissolve the parliament, but they insisted that the constitution specify in great detail the conditions under which the president could make that move, ITAR-TASS reports. Most members agreed that only a criminal offense could serve as the basis for impeaching the president. Speaking on 13-June as the assembly's working group continued to debate specific provisions of the constitution, Russian Supreme Soviet Deputy Chairman Nikolai Ryabov said he feared the assembly will not be able to resolve the most difficult questions set before it. Echoing President Yeltsin's proposal made last week, Ryabov suggested that a tripartite working group-representing parliament, the president's office, and federal republics and regions-be formed to reconcile differences. -Vera Tolz YELTSIN ON SOVEREIGNTY OF SUBJECTS OF FEDERATION. At his press conference in the Kremlin on 13 June Yeltsin reiterated that each subject of the federation "should take as much sovereignty as it can cope with, but no more," ITAR-TASS reports. Yeltsin cited Chechnya as an example of what could happen if a republic took more than it could handle. Yeltsin's original statement that republics should take as much sovereignty as they could handle, made in Tatarstan in August 1990 in an apparent effort to upstage Gorbachev, has been held responsible for encouraging the republics in their demands for more powers. -Ann Sheehy REPUBLICS INSIST ON SOVEREIGNTY. The group of the subjects of the federation at the constitutional assembly agreed on 13 June that a clause should be added to the draft constitution stating that the subjects of the Russian Federation are equal as far as their relations with the federal bodies of power are concerned, ITAR-TASS reports. In addition the group added clauses stating that a republic is a sovereign state, while the other subjects of the federation are state formations. This compromise as regards the equality of the subjects of the federation would seem to give the republics the same status as the Union republics of the former USSR, while the other subjects get the same status as the former autonomous republics. Other groups have insisted, however, that secession, if permitted, should depend on a federation-wide referendum. -Ann Sheehy MOSCOW AND SEOUL: RELATIONS CONTINUE TO WARM. During a meeting with South Korean Foreign Minister Han Sung-chu in Moscow on 8 June, Boris Yeltsin reaffirmed Moscow's interest in improving relations with Seoul and assured his visitor that Russia will cooperate with efforts to insure that North Korea remain nuclear-free. Yeltsin, who was quoted by the South Korean newspaper Choson Ilbo on 9 June as saying that Russia "stopped providing nuclear technology to North Korea" long ago, also stressed that Moscow intends to conduct balanced diplomacy between East and West and that it welcomes Seoul's efforts to create a multilateral security system in northeast Asia. Yeltsin invited South Korean President Kim Yong-sam to visit Russia in the near future. Yeltsin visited South Korea last November. On 7 June the South Korean foreign minister met with his Russian counterpart, Andrei Kozyrev, who also warned that Moscow considers Pyongyang's withdrawal from the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty "inadmissible." -Stephen Foye RUSSIA PREPARES FOR MILLIONS OF REFUGEES. The head of the Federal Migration Service told Komsomolskaya pravda on 4 June that her service has drawn up contingency plans for dealing with between 800,000 and 6 million refugees during the next few years. The service will not be able to cope with the anticipated influx, and will have to turn to local authorities for help. Tatyana Regent said that Russia has been too hasty in signing the UN Convention on Refugees in November 1992. -Keith Bush TRANSCAUCASIA AND CENTRAL ASIA ABKHAZ PARLIAMENT ANNOUNCES CEASE-FIRE. On 13 June the separatist Abkhaz parliament ordered its troops to cease fire beginning 14 June to allow delivery of humanitarian aid to several Abkhaz cities, according to Yurii Vorobev, first deputy chairman of the Russian State Committee for Emergency Situations, ITAR-TASS reports. The announcement follows discussions on 13 June between Abkhaz military leaders and the director of the operating group of the Russian State Committee, Sergei Kudinov. Representatives of the Georgian forces holding Sukhumi stated that Georgia is complying with the cease-fire agreement of 20-May. A trilateral agreement signed 11 June in Gudauta and Sukhumi makes a cease-fire a prerequisite for the delivery of aid. If the cease-fire holds, landing craft will arrive in Sochi on 15 June in the morning to carry 32 Russian Kamaz vehicles filled with 200 tons of food by sea to Sukhumi, from where they will proceed to the besieged city of Tkvarcheli. -Catherine Dale TURMOIL IN AZERBAIJAN. The leadership crisis deepened 13-14 June as the Supreme Soviet chairman resigned, forces loyal to rebel commander Surat Huseinov moved toward Baku, and former Communist Party boss Haidar Aliev became the main power broker between the government and rebels, various news agencies report. Aliev, currently the Supreme Soviet chairman of the Azeri enclave of Nakhichevan, was in Baku for talks with President Abulfaz Elcibey, the national parliament, and foreign diplomats on 9-13 June On 13 June he flew to Gyandzha, Azerbaijan's second city and rebel stronghold, to discuss Huseinov's demands. Huseinov has demanded the resignation of the prime minister, the chairman of parliament, and President Elcibey. The first two demands have been met, but Elcibey is resisting ouster. In the meantime, Huseinov's troops are reported to have moved to within 200 km of Baku over the weekend, meeting no resistance along the way. -Keith Martin ALIEV TO BE PARLIAMENT CHAIRMAN? HAVING REFUSED AN OFFER TO BECOME PRIME MINISTER, HAIDAR ALIEV, SEEMS POISED TO TAKE ON THE POSITION OF PARLIAMENT CHAIRMAN, BUT ONLY IF HE IS GIVEN EXTENDED POWERS, A DEMAND ELCIBEY SO FAR HAS REFUSED. Aliev has said that his further moves will depend on the outcome of talks with Huseinov. Opposition leader Etibar Mamedov, who is cooperating with Aliev, is expected to become prime minister, Western and Azeri news agencies report. -Keith Martin NEW OFFENSIVES AROUND NAGORNO-KARABAKH; PEACE PLAN IN PERIL? AZERI AND INTERNATIONAL RED CROSS OFFICIALS REPORTED FIERCE FIGHTING IN REGIONS OF AZERBAIJAN BORDERING THE SELF-DECLARED NAGORNO-KARABAKH REPUBLIC ON 12 AND 13 JUNE. Apparently ethnic Armenian fighters see the current paralysis of power in Baku as an opportunity to expand gains in the regions lying between Nagorno-Karabakh and Armenia. Azeri officials, quoted by the Turan news agency, claim the Armenian offensive had been repelled with heavy losses on both sides. Meanwhile, the CSCE-brokered peace plan, which Azerbaijan and Armenia have approved, has caused conflict in the breakaway region. Civilian authorities are prepared to accept the deal, while military commanders have rejected it, as they do not believe that the security guarantees are sufficient. Western agencies report that leaders of the Armenian Defense Forces have threatened to ignore any agreement and continue fighting. -Keith Martin COMMONWEALTH OF INDEPENDENT STATES SHAPOSHNIKOV NAMED SECURITY COUNCIL SECRETARY. Russian President Boris Yeltsin on 11-June unexpectedly named the commander in chief of the CIS joint armed forces, Marshal Evgenii Shaposhnikov, to the post of secretary of the Russian Security Council, ITAR-TASS reports. In comments broadcast by Ostankino TV on 12 June, Yeltsin suggested that Shaposhnikov has become available because the responsibilities of the CIS command are shrinking as former Soviet states build their own armies. He said strategic troops are being subordinated to the Russian Defense Ministry as well. Yeltsin added that he chose Shaposhnikov because of his status and experience as a military man and, perhaps of greater importance, because of his active support of the president and government. The secretary post has been vacant since Yurii Skokov was released from the position on 10 May of this year. It is not clear if Shaposhnikov's removal as CIS commander must be cleared with the CIS Council of Heads of State, which formally oversees the command. -Stephen Foye DOES APPOINTMENT FORESHADOW SHAKE-UP? SHAPOSHNIKOV'S APPOINTMENT SUGGESTS THAT CHANGES MAY BE IMMINENT IN BOTH THE CIS AND THE RUSSIAN DEFENSE STRUCTURES. CIS political leaders have in recent months been debating restructuring the CIS high command, and Yeltsin's comments together with the appointment suggest that the CIS command will soon lose the already diminished responsibilities that it possessed. At the same time, ITAR-TASS on 11 June quoted "informed sources" as indicating that a reorganization in the functions of the Security Council is being planned, and that Col. Gen. Boris Gromov, currently a Russian deputy defense minister, could eventually emerge atop the new structure that is created. That report remains unconfirmed. On 13 June, according to ITAR-TASS, the Russian Constitutional Conference commission dealing with federal agencies decided "almost unanimously" to exclude the Security Council altogether from its draft legislation. -Stephen Foye UKRAINIAN-RUSSIAN SUMMIT SET. Presidents Boris Yeltsin and Leonid Kravchuk will hold a summit to resolve the dispute over the Black Sea Fleet on 17 June, ITAR-TASS reported on 11 June. Kravchuk told a visiting delegation of Russian parliamentarians that the decision was reached in the course of a telephone conversation between the two leaders. Kravchuk did not say where the summit is to be held, but Western agencies report that the venue will be Moscow. Earlier reports said that Yeltsin and Kravchuk were to meet on a ship in the Black Sea. -Roman Solchanyk MORE PROGRESS REPORTED ON SINO-CIS BORDER TALKS. Progress was reported on further force reductions along the Sino-CIS border in the latest round of negotiations between the People's Republic of China and its CIS neighbors-Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan-ITAR-TASS reported on 11 June. Agreement was reached on the categories of weapons deployed along the borders with China, their numbers, and other issues. All parties also reaffirmed their commitment to resolve any outstanding issues between themselves by the end of 1994, as had been agreed in December 1992. The next round of negotiations is to take place in Moscow in the fall. -Ustina Markus CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE "ANARCHY" IN BOSNIA. That was how UN commander Gen. Philippe Morillon on 12 June described the latest fighting around the embattled republic, and threatened to have his forces withdrawn unless attacks on them and on the UN-declared "safe area" of Gorazde stop. International media added that Gorazde, with a besieged population of 60,000 mainly Muslim local people plus refugees, is under intensified Serb attack. Some 50 were killed when a temporary hospital was shelled, and on 13 June Radio Serbia warned that time is running out but promised safe passage for those who flee the town. The Muslim-dominated Bosnian government has appealed to the UN for peace-keepers to rush to Gorazde's assistance, and Hina on 14 June adds that Croatian President Franjo Tudjman has written Yeltsin to ask him to urge the Serbs to end their siege. Elsewhere, the bloody weekend began in Sarajevo with the death of eight mourners at a Muslim funeral on 11-June, who were shelled from Serbian positions. -Patrick Moore DID THE "MUJAHADEEN" ATTACK CROAT VILLAGES? REUTERS ON 13 JUNE REPORTED BRITISH UN TROOPS AS CONFIRMING EARLIER CROAT REPORTS THAT FOREIGN ISLAMIC FIGHTERS ARE ACTIVE IN THE TRAVNIK AREA OF CENTRAL BOSNIA. On 14 June the BBC's Serbian Service quoted other British media as saying that armed "men of Mid-Eastern and African origin" may have been the ones who actually started the current round of combat between the two nominal allies. On 13 June international mediators brought together Muslim and Croat members of the Bosnian presidency in Geneva, and the two sides called for a halt to the fighting. The cease-fire is to be enforced by the Muslim and Croat military, but Hina noted that their commanders were not present in Geneva. Finally, on 11 June international media reported that British UN forces killed two Croatian militiamen near Nova Bila, between Travnik and Zenica, as the Croats continued to attack a private aid convoy. This marks the first time that UNPROFOR soldiers have shot and killed local Yugoslav fighters. -Patrick Moore TUDJMAN UNDER PRESSURE TO CHANGE BOSNIA POLICY. The 14 June Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung says that four leading moderates, including Lower House speaker Stipe Mesic, went to Tudjman ten days earlier to demand an end to the influence of the "Herzegovinian lobby" on Zagreb's Bosnian policy. They said that the defense minister and other hard-line Herzegovinians have helped damage Croatia's image abroad with their anti-Muslim stance and must go. Mesic and the others noted that Tudjman has allowed himself to be used by the Herzegovinians by favoring them over more moderate Bosnian Croats, by periodically expressing support for the Herzegovinian plan to partition that embattled republic, and by making anti-Muslim remarks. Last month a polemic emerged between Cardinal Franjo Kuharic of Croatia and Herzegovinian Croat leader Mate Boban in conjunction with the tensions between mainstream political forces in Croatia and the Roman Catholic Church on one hand, and the Herzegovinian leadership and some militant Franciscan fathers on the other. -Patrick Moore SERBIA REELS UNDER SANCTIONS. Some 97% of the population in Serbia-Montenegro is living at the poverty level, according to an estimate by the Belgrade Economic Research Center and reported by Radio B92 on 11 June. The report says that on average it takes three and a half monthly salaries to purchase the same amount of goods that could be purchased with one month's salary in early 1990. To buy a Yugo 45-subcompact auto now requires 10 years and 2-months of salary compared to 9 months of salary in early 1990. Federal Yugoslav Prime Minister Radoje Kontic recognized on 11 June that UN sanctions will likely not be lifted soon. He said that certain adjustments in economic policy will be unveiled later this week in an effort to stimulate the economy and to curb hyperinflation. The inflation rate in May was 205%, with an annual rate running at 84 million percent. Kontic explained that because of the sanctions and the resulting hardships, economic policy must take into consideration social rather than economic factors. The Radical Party, Serbia's second largest party, has long argued the importance of social reform. Along with several opposition parties, the party says say it might introduce a vote of confidence in both Kontic and the Serbian government in the near future. -Milan Andrejevich UKRAINE SUBMITS SANCTION COMPENSATION PROPOSALS. On 10 June Ukraine submitted a set of ideas to the UN on what could be done to help countries suffering substantial losses as a result of upholding UN sanctions, an RFE/RL correspondent reported on 11-June. The proposals call for the establishment of a special compensation committee alongside the UN sanctions monitoring committee and reducing UN membership or peacekeeping dues in case of economic difficulties connected with UN sanctions. The proposal further asks the UN to establish an emergency fund to meet the claims of affected countries. Funds would come from new assessments linked to peacekeeping operations and voluntary contributions. Finally, Ukraine suggested the UN organize an international insurance fund. Bulgaria has made a similar appeal. Both countries have claimed losses in the billions of dollars, and Ukraine is $54 million in arrears on its UN dues. -Ustina Markus NEW COALITION GOVERNMENT IN SLOVAKIA? PRIME MINISTER VLADIMIR MECIAR ANNOUNCED IN HIS REGULAR ADDRESS TO THE NATION ON 13 JUNE THAT HE WILL BEGIN TALKS WITH THE SLOVAK NATIONAL PARTY ON THE FORMATION OF A COALITION GOVERNMENT "IN THE NEXT FEW DAYS." One day earlier, the Central Council of the SNP, the party's policy-making body, announced that it will offer to form a coalition with the ruling Movement for a Democratic Slovakia. The announcements came as a major surprise after the SNP participated in a meeting of all opposition parties last week at which it was agreed to consider the creation of a broad coalition government with the aim of removing Meciar from power. The SNP withdrew from an "informal" coalition with the MDS in March. It is expected that it will demand major concessions in return for its support for Meciar's government. The combined strength of the MDS and the SNP would amount to 81 deputies in the 150-member parliament. Several newspapers reported on 14 June that the ex-communist Party of the Democratic Left is also willing to enter a coalition with the MDS. The party reportedly demanded Meciar's removal first, a condition rejected by the MDS. -Jan Obrman MDS PROPOSES SACKING TWO MINISTERS. At its meeting on 12 June, the MDS's Republican Council a, the group's highest policy-making body, voted to dismiss Privatization Minister Lubomir Dolgos and Education Minister Matus Kucera, Slovak dailies report on 14-June. Observers consider the removal of the two unpopular ministers as a first strong indication of the apparently ongoing preparations for a coalition government between the MDS and the SNP. It is expected that the two ministries will be offered to the SNP. -Jan Obrman MORAVCIK IN GERMANY. Slovak Foreign Minister Jozef Moravcik left for a three-day official visit to Germany on 14 June, Slovak Radio reports. Moravcik will attend the official opening of the Embassy in Bonn. He is scheduled to discuss Germany's new asylum law with his German counterpart. Klaus Kinkel. -Jan Obrman HUNGARIAN YOUNG DEMOCRATS WILL NOT SUPPORT SUPPLEMENTARY BUDGET. Victor Orban, chairman of the Young Democrats, an opposition party that is currently leading in the polls, said that his party will not vote for the government's 1993 supplementary budget, MTI reports. The vote is needed because the budget deficit is much larger than the originally planned 185 billion forint ($2.2 billion). Orban also said that even if the government coalition fails to pass the new budget bill, according to the Constitution, it is not obliged to resign. In a related matter in the new budget bill the cabinet proposes to raise the 6% turnover-tax now in effect on basic food items to 10%, and abolish the 0% tax category on medicines and electricity effective 1 October. -Karoly Okolicsanyi RUSSIA TO TRAIN HUNGARIAN MILITARY PERSONNEL. The Hungarian Army Command told MTI on 13 June that it plans to send 110 Hungarian soldiers to Russia for retraining, including 40 fighter pilots to become familiar with the MiG-29 interceptor fighter aircraft. Hungary expects to receive some 25 such planes as part of the $800 million in Russian military hardware Moscow has agreed to deliver to settle half of the former USSR's foreign trade debt with Hungary. According to Defense Minister Lajos Fur, the incorporation of the new planes will cost Hungary some 1 billion forint ($11 million). In order to maintain combat effectiveness because of the Yugoslav crisis, the Hungarian air force, faced with a shortage of pilots (in-country training in Szolnok can start only next year), is in need of an internal reorganization; the military also hopes that the acquisition of the new, modern MiG-29 aircraft will make the career of air force pilot more attractive. -Alfred Reisch ROMANIAN TRADE UNIONS MERGE. Meeting in Bucharest on 12 June, three Romanian trade union confederations-the National Confederation of Free Trade Unions, Fratia, and Univers-voted to join forces. They will form a joint organization called the Fratia National Trade Union Confederation. Several other labor groups are expected to join the new organization, the media reported last week. According to its leaders, the new organization will be the largest of its kind in Central and Southern Europe, with more 3.7 million members. -Michael Shafir EC COMMISSIONER VISITS ROMANIA. On 13 June Sir Leon Brittan, the European Community's Commissioner for Foreign Affairs, arrived in Bucharest for a two-day visit. Brittan is expected to discuss economic development and reform progress with representatives of Romania's government and industry, including President Ion Iliescu. On 1 February this year the EC and Romania signed an association agreement that gives Romania trade benefits and the prospect of eventually joining the EC as a full member. In May, the EC launched a new aid program in support of economic and political reforms in Romania. -Dan Ionescu BUCHAREST PROTESTS DNIESTER TRIAL. At a rally in Bucharest on 11 June, Romanian opposition leaders were symbolically placed in a cage to protest the trial of the six Moldovans who are on trial in the self-proclaimed "Dniester republic." The six are kept in cages in the courtroom in Tiraspol. Radio Bucharest reports that hundreds of people followed the cage through the streets to the Russian embassy. Speaking from the cage, National Peasant Party Christian Democratic leader Corneliu Coposu called on Romania to use all means, including breaking relations with Russia, to gain the release of the six defendants. -Michael Shafir ZHELEV SAYS UDF UNDERMINES ORDER. In an address read on Bulgarian National Radio on 13 June, President Zhelyu Zhelev accused the Union of Democratic Forces of seeking "to destroy constitutional order and democratic institutions." Zhelev attacked the coalition-which he helped to found in late 1989-following several days of antipresidential protests. On 7 June Edvin Sugarev, a UDF deputy and member of the National Coordinating Council, announced his withdrawal from politics and the beginning of a hunger strike, which he said will last until Zhelev resigns. That demand was supported by thousands of UDF sympathizers at a rally in Sofia on 10 June, as well as by a number of UDF mayors throughout the country. Two days later protesters began erecting a tent city outside the presidential office in downtown Sofia. UDF leaders claim Zhelev has forged an informal political alliance with the excommunist Socialist Party. -Kjell Engelbrekt NEW US AMBASSADOR IN SOFIA. On 12 June President Bill Clinton named career diplomat William Montgomery Washington's man in Sofia. An RFE/RL correspondent reports that in addition to having served as deputy chief of mission in Sofia, Montgomery was earlier stationed in Moscow and Belgrade. In 1992 he was executive secretary to the Acting Secretary of State Lawrence Eagleburger. -Kjell Engelbrekt STRIKE WAVE IN UKRAINE. Strike leaders in the Donbass say that they will not accept any economic concessions from the government until their political demands are met, ITAR-TASS reported on 13 June. The strikers have demanded that the Donbass be granted economic autonomy and that a countrywide referendum be held no later than 1 September on confidence in President Leonid Kravchuk and elected deputies at all levels. Striking miners in the Donbass have been joined by workers from more than a hundred enterprises in the eastern and southern regions of the country in what is increasingly becoming a political action. Miners in Western Ukraine, however, have refused to support the political demands of their colleagues with the exception of dissolution of the parliament in Kiev. Kravchuk, in the meantime, has appointed Efim Zyagilsky, an experienced mine director from the Donbass, to the post of first deputy prime minister. The post was left vacant after the resignation of Ihor Yukhnovsky in March. -Roman Solchanyk BELARUS CREATES STATE BORDERS. The Supreme Soviet has adopted a resolution to establish national borders with neighboring states of the former Soviet Union-Russia, Ukraine, Lithuania, and Latvia-Belinform reported on 11 June. The head of the Main Administration of the Border Guards of Belarus, Evgenii Bocharov, said Belarus is the last of the former Soviet republics in the region to adopt such a resolution. The frontiers with Lithuania and Latvia will be the first to be formally demarcated. -Ustina Markus WILL RUBIKS SIT IN JAIL OR PARLIAMENT? FORMER LATVIAN COMMUNIST PARTY LEADER ALFREDS RUBIKS, WHOSE TRIAL ON CHARGES OF TRYING TO TOPPLE THE LATVIAN GOVERNMENT BOTH IN JANUARY AND AUGUST 1991 IS SCHEDULED TO START ON 14 JUNE, MAY HAVE BEEN ELECTED TO THE LATVIAN PARLIAMENT. He was running on the Ravnopravie ticket, which managed to get endorsement from close to 6% of the voters in Latvia. Rubiks was one of the top candidates of the group, which was formed on the basis of the parliamentary faction of the same name. Until independence was regained in August 1991, the faction advocated policies intended to maintain the integrity of the USSR and the authority of the CPSU. Ravnopravie deputies opposed the idea of an independent Latvia as late as August 1991. -Dzintra Bungs LATVIAN, RUSSIAN FOREIGN MINISTRIES EXCHANGE PROTESTS. On 11 June the Latvian Foreign Ministry sent a note protesting Russian President Boris Yeltsin's statement of 10 June linking the withdrawal of Russian troops in Estonia and Latvia to the rights of Russians living in those countries and interpreted it as an effort to find an excuse for not implementing last year's CSCE declaration urging a speedy troop pullout. The Latvians also objected to the decision by Commander of the Northwestern Group of Forces Leonid Mayorov to allow the Russian troops stationed in Latvia to carry weapons in order to protect themselves from alleged attacks by members of the Latvian home guard. The Russian Foreign Ministry response comprised an endorsement of Mayorov's action and a "representation" sent to the Latvian embassy in Moscow also on 11-June, ITAR-TASS reports. In a perhaps related development, a member of the Latvian home guard was recently found murdered; a note in Russian was found in his pocket saying that a similar fate awaits his comrades, Diena reported on 10 June. -Dzintra Bungs LOZORAITIS'S RECALL RECONSIDERED. Baltic media reported on 13 June that Lithuanian President Algirdas Brazauskas is reconsidering his decision to recall his country's ambassador to the United States, Stasys Lozoraitis, and to post him to represent Lithuania in the Vatican. The decision has been widely criticized by Lithuanians at home and abroad, especially since it was seen as an unwarranted demotion for Lozoraitis, who ran against Brazauskas for the office of the president. -Dzintra Bungs [As of 1200 CET] Compiled by Dzintra Bungs and Charles Trumbull THE RFE/RL DAILY REPORT IS PRODUCED BY THE RFE/RL RESEARCH INSTITUTE (A DIVISION OF RADIO FREE EUROPE/RADIO LIBERTY, INC.) with the assistance of the RFE/RL News and Current Affairs Division (NCA). The report is available by electronic mail via LISTSERV (RFERL-L@UBVM.CC.BUFFALO.EDU), on the Sovset' computer bulletin board, by fax, and by postal mail. For inquiries about specific news items, subscriptions, or additional copies, please contact: in North America: Mr. Brian Reed, RFE/RL, Inc., 1201 Connecticut Avenue NW, Washington, DC-20036 Telephone: (202) 457-6912 or -6907; Fax: (202) 457-6992 or 828-8783; Internet: RIDC@RFERL.ORG or Elsewhere: Ms. Helga Hofer, Publications Department, RFE/RL Research Institute, Oettingenstrasse 67, 8000 Munich 22, Germany;.Telephone: (+49 89) 2102-2631 or -2624; Fax: (+49 89) 2102-2648, Internet: PD@RFERL.ORG 1993, RFE/RL, Inc. All rights reserved.
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