|The road uphill and the road downhill are one and the same. - Heraclitus|
No. 109, 11 June 1993
RUSSIA YELTSIN MEETS DEPUTIES; ADDRESSES CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY. On 9 June President Boris Yeltsin met with a group of parliamentary deputies led by Supreme Soviet deputy chairman Nikolai Ryabov. Yeltsin's spokesman told an RFE/RL correspondent that they discussed the possibility of the parliament's better representation in the Constituent Assembly, and how the president and the parliament could cooperate on the adoption of a new constitution. Talking the same day to reporters, Yeltsin said he wanted the assembly to work out a new full constitution rather than a temporary law on the division of power and elections as suggested by some deputies at the assembly, Radio Moscow reported. Addressing a plenary session of the assembly on 10 June, Yeltsin said that issues which prove unsolvable at the assembly's working groups should be submitted to a constitutional arbitration panel comprising jurists from Russia's highest courts, ITAR-TASS reported. Yeltsin also said the assembly might continue working after the 16 June deadline which he had set for it to draft a new constitution. -Vera Tolz KHASBULATOV ACTIVIZES ATTACK ON CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY. Parliamentary speaker Ruslan Khasbulatov told the Supreme Soviet on 9 June that the Constituent Assembly became meaningless after about sixty regional soviets representatives had left it. He said regional leaders refused to participate under conditions dictated by Yeltsin associates, an RFE/RL correspondent reported. Khasbulatov said the draft constitution should first be approved by Russia's regional and republican soviets and then by the Congress of People's Deputies. While the majority of deputies of the parliament said that Khasbulatov should take part in the assembly's plenary session on 10 June, the speaker set five conditions for his participation: the parliament and its constitutional commission were to be fully represented in the assembly; the assembly was to discuss all existing drafts of a new constitution; the assembly's role was to be only consultative; the procedure for adopting a new constitution was to be decided by the Congress; Yeltsin was to drop his contention that the current system of soviets was incompatible with democracy. On 10 June, Khasbulatov failed to attend the assembly's session, the Russian media reported. His spokesman cited Khasbulatov's health problems as the reason. -Vera Tolz MIKHAIL FEDOTOV TO BECOME JUSTICE MINISTER. Prime Minister Viktor Chernomyrdin has offered Information Minister Mikhail Fedotov the post of minister of justice; Ostankino Television and the Russian Information Agency (RIA) reported on 8 June that Fedotov has accepted the offer, and that a presidential decree on this appointment is coming shortly. The post of justice minister has been vacant since Nikolai Fedorov resigned in late March after expressing public disagreement with Boris Yeltsin's controversial TV address on 20 March, in which the president proposed the introduction of a special rule of government. Ostankino quoted Fedotov as saying that Mikhail Poltoranin was the most likely candidate to replace him (Fedotov) as information minister. Poltoranin is currently the head of the Federal Information Center-the organization that the Constitutional Court has recently deemed illegal. Until the Center was created by Yeltsin's decree in late 1992, Poltoranin was information minister. His replacement in this position was demanded by the Russian parliament. -Vera Tolz COMMUNISTS TO PICKET TV CENTRE? THE CHAIRMAN OF THE PARLIAMENTARY MEDIA COMMITTEE, VLADIMIR LISIN, TOLD THE PARLIAMENT ON 10 JUNE THAT HIS COMMITTEE HAD BEEN UNABLE TO DISSUADE HARD-LINE COMMUNIST GROUPS LED BY VIKTOR ANPILOV, THE LEADER OF THE RUSSIAN COMMUNIST WORKERS' PARTY, FROM THEIR PLAN TO CHAIN THEMSELVES TO THE RAILINGS OF THE OSTANKINO TV CENTRE ON 12 JUNE. Ostankino's leadership had refused to accede to Anpilov's demand for daily air-time, and had criticized the media committee for meeting "provocateurs, who incite people to bloody clashes," (a reference to the 1 May violence in Moscow in which Anpilov's group was involved). Lisin, however, laid the blame for any disturbances that might occur on the TV company's chairman, Vyacheslav Bragin, who, he said, had adopted "a very hard line position," ITAR-TASS reported on 10 June. -Wendy Slater ZORKIN REFUSES TO RESIGN. The chairman of the Constitutional Court, Valerii Zorkin, said on 9 June that he would not resign, Reuters reported. Zorkin's remarks follow a call from his deputy Nikolai Vitruk for him to step down because his "political activities" were incompatible with his status as the head of the nominally unbiased court. [See RFE/RL Daily Report for 9 June]. -Wendy Slater IMF DELAYS LOAN. IMF Managing Director Michel Camdessus has held up approval of the $1.5 billion loan to Russia that was agreed on 22 May as part of the Systemic Transformation Facility, Reuters reported on 11 June. M. Camdessus is said to be insisting on some concrete action by the Russian authorities to control the money supply, reduce inflation, and curb the budget deficit before submitting the loan to the IMF 's board for approval. He has tentatively agreed to submit the loan for approval on 2 July, that is, before the G-7 summit in Tokyo on 7-9 July. -Keith Bush GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURE TO BE SLASHED? PRIME MINISTER VIKTOR CHERNOMYRDIN HAS ORDERED ALL MINISTRIES TO DRAW UP PLANS WITHIN ONE WEEK DETAILING HOW THEY INTEND TO SLASH EXPENDITURE OR RAISE REVENUES BY 20%, REUTERS REPORTED ON 10 JUNE, CITING INTERFAX. Each minister or head of federal agency will be held personally responsible for submitting this plan. Finance Minister Boris Fedorov has been quoted as saying that he would consider it a success if the 1993 budget deficit can be held to 10-11 trillion rubles. -Keith Bush CHANGES SOUGHT IN WESTERN AID PLAN. After speaking with representatives of the World Bank consultative group of 21 donor nations in Paris on 9 June, Deputy Prime Minister Aleksandr Shokhin told a news conference that Russia is asking Western creditor nations to further lower interest charges and to extend the maturities on credits, Reuters reported. Unless current credit terms are eased, Shokhin said, Russia will not be able to use half of the $10-billion in bilateral credits that has already been approved. Shokhin also called on the West to set up guarantee funds covering foreign suppliers who are currently owed an estimated $6 billion in arrears payments. He suggested that this could be financed with part of the $43.4-billion aid package offered by the G-7 industrialized countries. -Keith Bush YELTSIN CALLS FOR RETENTION OF MILITARY BASES ABROAD. President Yeltsin used a speech to top-ranking army and navy officers on 10 June at the conclusion of a three-day military exercise to defend his political program and to praise what he described as progress in restoring control over the armed forces and raising morale in the officer corps. As reported by ITAR-TASS and Reuter, Yeltsin said that Russia should adopt basing practices similar to those used by the US in order to maintain a Russian military presence in Moldova, in the Caucasus states of Georgia and Armenia, and in Central Asia. He called for the conclusion of inter-governmental agreements to formalize the Russian military presence in these areas. Yeltsin also emphasized that Moscow could not afford to base large military groupings all along the Russian border and praised the creation of mobile forces that could be deployed quickly wherever they are needed. According to ITAR-TASS on 9 June, Yeltsin also participated in a ceremony conferring the rank of general on 112-officers, suggesting that he continues to court the favor of the military leadership. -Stephen Foye MOSCOW QUESTIONS CFE AGREEMENT. The Washington Post reported on 11 June that Russian Defense Minister Pavel Grachev raised the issue of revising the Conventional Forces in Europe Treaty during a meeting with US Defense Secretary Les Aspin during talks in Garmisch, Germany on 5-6 June. According to the report, Grachev's request was only the latest in a series of such requests made by political and military leaders in Moscow, who argue that instability along Russia's southern border necessitates a revision of the treaty's sub-limits to allow Russia to deploy more troops in the region. Moscow has apparently not yet made clear the extent to which it would like to revise the treaty but, according to the report, US officials remain uninterested in reopening the treaty out of a fear that a revision could lead to its general unraveling. The newspaper quoted a former Bush administration official who said that while the Russian request probably did grow out of a genuine fear of instability in the south, it may also reflect the army's long-standing dissatisfaction with the original treaty and, possibly, a desire to increase military pressure on Ukraine, with whom Russia has several defense-related disputes. -Stephen Foye TRANSCAUCASIA AND CENTRAL ASIA MEASURES TAKEN TO QUELL ABKHAZ CONFLICT. A Russian delegation led by Foreign Minister Andrei Kozyrev took steps to mitigate the conflict in Abkhazia through a series of meetings on 9 June with Georgian and Abkhaz leaders in Tbilisi and Gudauta. Georgian Radio announced on 9 June that the Abkhaz side had guaranteed safe passage for Russian helicopters flying humanitarian missions to besieged locations in Abkhaz territory, and Georgian Parliament Chairman Eduard Shevardnadze stated on 9 June that Georgia had made similar guarantees, ITAR-TASS reported. On the night of 9 June, Kozyrev said that Russia would impose economic sanctions in response to violations of future ceasefire agreements, Reuters reported. In addition, representatives of Russia, Georgia, and Abkhazia begin a week-long series of talks in Moscow on 11 June to try to improve enforcement of the 20 May ceasefire negotiated by Shevardnadze and Russian President Boris Yeltsin. Meanwhile, fighting continued 10 June in Ochamchire and along the Gumista River, ITAR-TASS reported. -Catherine Dale ALIEV REFUSES PREMIERSHIP. Nakhichevan parliament chairman Geidar Aliev and Azerbaijani President Abulfaz Elchibey met behind closed doors in Baku on 9 June; Elchibey reportedly offered his rival the post of Prime Minister, which Aliev rejected after Elchibey refused to grant him greater powers than those held by the current incumbent, according to Turan. Meanwhile Russian media, citing the Azerbaijani Presidential Press service, reported looting in the town of Gyandzha held by rebel leader Surat Huseinov. -Liz Fuller "DNIESTER" FIGHTERS IN ABKHAZIA. A detachment of fighters from the "Dniester" Russian forces in eastern Moldova arrived in Abkhazia on 2 June to join the Abkhaz fighting against Georgia, Russian TV reported from Tbilisi on 6 June. The "Dniester" unit, wearing various uniforms including OMON ones, landed in military cargo planes at Gudauta airport. This airport is supposedly "neutral" under the protection of Russian troops. "Dniester" fighters were also reported in Tkvarcheli. On 7 June, Basapress reported from Tiraspol that a unit of "Dniester" fighters had taken off for Abkhazia on 4 June aboard a military cargo plane. Basapress cited a travel document for that unit, specifying that it consisted of 250 men who were not professional soldiers but who will be commanded by professional officers from "Dniester" forces. The document is signed by the "Dniester" ministers of Defense, Internal Affairs, and State Security. The last two, Colonels Nikolai Matveev and Vadim Shevtsov, formerly served with Soviet OMON units in Latvia. In January, 1993, the "Dniester" and Abkhaz republics signed a cooperation treaty including military provisions. -Vladimir Socor CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE US PLEDGES TO SEND SOLDIERS TO MACEDONIA. US secretary of state Warren Christopher announced at a NATO meeting in Athens on 10 June that the US is willing to deploy 300 troops in the Republic of Macedonia to augment the UN's contingent of 700 mostly Nordic troops already stationed there, according to Western sources and MILS. The force is intended to help insure against the spread of the Bosnian conflict to Macedonia and is probably also meant as a deterrent to potential Serbian moves against Macedonia. Both the Macedonian government and NATO secretary general Manfred Woerner welcomed the offer. American soldiers may be on the ground in Macedonia within two weeks. Details have not been worked out as yet in terms of the mission's precise role nor is it clear what these troops would do in the event of civil war in neighboring Kosovo and the anticipated flood of Muslim Albanian refugees into Macedonia that would very likely ensue. Such a turn of events could provoke significant violence between majority ethnic Macedonians and ethnic Albanians. -Duncan Perry BOSNIAN SITUATION REMAINS TENSE. A shaky cease-fire between Croats and Muslims was signed by their respective military commanders on 10 June, but it is not clear whether the argeement will hold. That same night a group of Croat civilians and gunmen attacked a private relief convoy of 450 trucks heading for Tuzla, killing at least eight Muslim drivers, the BBC reported on 11 June. Meanwhile, Hina says that the first groups of Croat refugees from the current fighting around Travnik arrived on 10 June in the Croatian town of Novska from Serb-held territories, to which the Croats had fled to escape what appeared to be certain death at Muslim hands. These refugees are mainly women, elderly, and children, and Croatian refugee officials plan to send them to the Mostar area where former Yugoslav military housing is available. There has been no word on the safety of the 750 Croatian soldiers and other males sent by the Serbs to the notorious Manjaca camp near Banja Luka, although the Serbs have promised that the Red Cross could inspect the facility. -Patrick Moore CROATIAN CONCERN OVER REFUGEES. A heated discussion appears to be underway in Croatia regarding the future of the 250,000 Muslim refugees staying in Croatia largely at government expense. Many Croats argue that nobody has helped Bosnia as much as Croatia has, but add that all that Zagreb has received in return is ingratitude and "Muslim aggression." Some also fear the long-term demographic effects if large numbers of Muslims stay permanently in Croatia and in Croatian-inhabited parts of Herzegovina. Consequently, support is growing for a change in Croatia's policy toward Muslim refugees as long as the conflict between the two peoples continues. Croatian concern over the ongoing warfare was reflected in President Franjo Tudjman's breaking off his trip to China, as well as by a declaration by the chief imam of Croatia, Sevko Omerbasic, criticizing the Bosnian Muslims for "having become the aggressor," Reuters reported on 10 June. -Patrick Moore DANUBE JOINT OPERATION BEGINS. A joint operation of customs officers from Romania and the Western European Union is scheduled to begin on 11 June on the Romanian stretch of the Danube. The operation is aimed at providing full implementation of the UN Security Council sanctions against rump Yugoslavia, Western agencies report. -Michael Shafir STALIN'S PLANS TO KILL TITO. The BBC on 11 June quotes Yeltsin military aide and historian Dmitrii Volkogonov as saying that the late Soviet dictator plotted to kill his plucky Yugoslav counterpart but himself died before the project could be carried out. A variety of booby-trapped devices was considered. Instrumental in the plot was to have been the agent Iosif Grigulevich, whose code name was Max, who had been involved in the 1940 plot to kill Trotsky. -Patrick Moore WALESA MEETS SOLIDARITY LEADERS. Polish President Lech Walesa's meeting with leaders of the Solidarity labor union on 9 June ended inconclusively, implying another setback for the organization. According to PAP reports, Walesa insisted that the union, without conditions, refrain from staging a general strike, while the Solidarity leaders made their decision on the matter dependent on the fulfillment of their demands. These include a freeze on energy prices and a general increase of wages to compensate for anticipated price rises resulting from the introduction of value-added taxes. It is unlikely that these demands will be fulfilled by the government. The president and the union leaders apparently could not reconcile their differences and decided to set up a commission to resolve the problems. Walesa's apparent determination not to support the union's position is likely to damage its position on the political scene, making the threat of a general strike increasingly uncertain. -Jan de Weydenthal POLAND, SLOVAKIA TO HOLD JOINT MANEUVER. CTK quoted Slovak Defense Minister Imrich Andrejcak as saying on 9 June that Poland and Slovakia will hold a joint military maneuver "in the near future." He also revealed that the defense ministries of the two countries are contemplating the coordination of their air defenses. Polish Defense Minister Janusz Onyszkiewicz was quoted as saying at a joint press conference that Slovak-Polish military cooperation is not directed against anyone and that both countries have an interest in integration with broader Western security structures, "particularly NATO." -Jan Obrman KOVAC OPPOSED TO EARLY ELECTIONS. Slovak President Michal Kovac said at a press conference on 9-June that he is opposed to early elections, Slovak Radio reports. Kovac stressed that the same parties and politicians would be elected to the parliament, but damage would be done to Slovakia's image abroad. The president announced that he will try to calm down the political atmosphere by appealing to the parties represented in the National Council to put an end to all "petty disputes." Kovac also said that he will do everything in his power to initiate "constructive talks" between the ruling Movement for a Democratic Slovakia and other parties. He said other political parties should join the government. He pointed out that the minority government of Prime Minister Vladimir Meciar cannot exist without clear agreements on support with other groups represented in the parliament. -Jan Obrman SPLIT OF CZECH CP POSSIBLE, SVOBODA SAYS. Jiri Svoboda, the Chairman of the Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia, the second strongest party in the Czech parliament, said that it is quite possible that his party will disintegrate into a "reform" wing and a conservative wing after its Third Congress scheduled for 26 June, Czech TV reports. Svoboda was quoted as saying that the results of the congress might turn out to be disastrous for the Czech left. He argued that if the conservatives prevail, it will be perceived by the public as a victory for those who want revenge for the "velvet revolution" of November 1989. -Jan Obrman PARTIAL SHUTDOWN OF CZECH NUCLEAR PLANT AVERTED. A partial shutdown at the Dukovany nuclear power plant in Moravia has been averted after staff agreed to withdraw their resignations., CTK reports on 9 June. Fifty-one of the 105 operators at the plant had tendered their resignations on 31 May, citing poor management practices. A spokesman for the plant told CTK that the management will set up a committee to discuss grievances with staff and union representatives. -Jan Obrman BOTEZ CONFIRMED AS ROMANIA'S UN AMBASSADOR. On 9 June commissions of the Romanian parliament approved the appointment of former dissident Mihai Botez as ambassador to the United Nations, an RFE/RL correspondent reports. Another contender for the post, career diplomat Constantin Ene, will become Romania's ambassador to NATO. Ene had already appeared before the commissions several weeks ago. -Michael Shafir WARNING STRIKE AT HUNGARIAN AIRLINES. A two-hour strike started on the morning of 11 June, MTI reports. The union rejected a10% wage increase offered by management, which is taking the position that only layoffs of redundant workers or utilization of foreign pilots could free up funds for wage increases. The union is requesting 50-70% pay increases for pilots and 21% for other workers. The job action affected 18 flights, but did not result in flight cancellations. A 35% share in MALEV, the state airline, was sold to Alitalia in the spring. -Karoly Okolicsanyi TALKS ON HUNGARIAN DEFENSE LAW BROKEN OFF. On June 9 the Defense Ministry broke off ongoing six-party talks on Hungary's national defense law. Passage requires a two-thirds majority, MTI reports. State Secretary for Defense Laszlo Szendrei blamed the representatives of the opposition Alliance of Free Democrats and Hungarian Socialist parties for refusing to compromise over the change of status of the Border Guard, which the government wants to subordinate in peacetime to the ministry of internal affairs, and over the extra powers to be granted to the defense minister in ordering immediate action of Hungary's air force and air defense in case of a surprise air attack. The AFD, which finds the present defense arrangements adequate, said it cannot accept any modification of the constitution, while the stand of the Alliance of Young Democrats was closer to the government's proposals. The talks are to be continued during the summer and fall sessions of parliament. Alfred Reisch KOHL IN KIEV-.-.-.-German Chancellor Helmut Kohl visited Kiev on 9-10 June and held talks with Ukrainian President Leonid Kravchuk and Prime Minister Leonid Kuchma, Western news agencies report. The high point of the visit was the signing of a framework agreement for future German-Ukrainian relations. One of the purposes of the visit was to assure the Ukrainian leadership that Bonn is not ignoring Kiev in favor of Moscow. Upon arriving in Kiev, Kohl made a point of saying that Germany views relations with Ukraine as extremely important. The German Chancellor called upon Ukraine to ratify the START-1 treaty and adhere to the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty. He also visited Babi Yar, the site of World War II massacres of Jews, Ukrainians, Russians, and others. -Roman Solchanyk .-.-.-AND SOFIA. Kohl traveled on to Bulgaria, where on 10 June he was received by Prime Minister Lyuben Berov, parliamentary chairman Aleksandar Yordanov, and president Zhelyu Zhelev. After discussions mainly covering bilateral and European economic relations, agreements on air traffic and environment were signed. Kohl arrived in Sofia accompanied by a 20-person trade delegation, but Western agencies noted that none of the four German ministers who visited Ukraine continued on to Bulgaria. -Kjell Engelbrekt BLACK SEA COUNTRIES DISCUSS JOINT BANK. Members of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation Organization have in principle agreed on the distribution of shares in a joint bank, Reuters reports. Meeting in Varna, Bulgaria, representatives of the 11 participating states decided that Greece, Russia, and Turkey will assume a 16.5% share in the bank, while Bulgaria, Romania and Ukraine will take a 13.5% stake. Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Moldova will contribute only 2% each. The bank, whose working name is the Black Sea Trade and Development Bank, is to be modeled on the European Investment Bank and the EBRD. Greece announced it will ask the EC to offer some financial assistance. -Kjell Engelbrekt MINERS' STRIKE IN UKRAINE SPREADS. The strike that began in the Donbass region last week has spread to other industries and regions, CIS and Western sources reported on 10 June. ITAR-TASS reported on 9-June that the textile, machine-building, and transport industries stopped work. Other reports say that the strike has also affected the metallurgical and service industries. In addition, the strikers are also making political demands, calling for a government shakeup, more local autonomy, and, in some cases, restoration of the Soviet Union or the transfer of the Donbass region to Russia. Government negotiators have thus far been unable to make any progress in talks with the strikers. In a TV address on the evening of 10 June, President Leonid Kravchuk urged the strikers to return to work, saying that the government has prepared urgent measures to satisfy miners' demands and expressed his support for more regional autonomy of the Donbass. -Roman Solchanyk BLOCKADE AT ESTONIAN-RUSSIAN BORDER. On 10 June truckers from Estonia, Russia, and other countries twice blocked all traffic in both directions on the Tallinn-Narva highway in northeast Estonia to protest stricter Russian customs controls implemented on 7-June when the border was closed for a second time due to a downed power cable. Estonian media report that the trucks had been waiting on the western edge of Narva for several days because the border crossing inside the city was full. Discussions between Estonian and Russian officials produced no results but will be continued. By late afternoon trucks were reportedly crossing the border again. Estonian and Russian authorities asked truckers to enter Russia through Southeast Estonia. -Mart Laanemae YELTSIN AGAIN LINKS TROOP PULLOUT TO HUMAN RIGHTS. At a conference with the leadership of Russia's armed forces on 10 June, Russian President Boris Yeltsin again linked the withdrawal of Russian troops from Estonia and Latvia to the rights of Russians living there and housing for the departing military, Baltic and Russian media report. Yeltsin said, "We generally manage to pull out our troops on schedule, but the most important step is their restationing and rehousing. We reject all provocations of Latvia and Estonia. What they do is apply pressure. This approach will not work with Russia. We will not withdraw troops from there until bases are in place to redeploy them and as long as human rights are violated there [that is, Estonia and Latvia]." -Dzintra Bungs LUIK REJECTS YELTSIN'S ALLEGATIONS. Juri Luik, chief Estonian negotiator for talks with Russia, responded by telling the press on 10 June that in its dealings with Russia, "Estonia has used no provocations." Estonia has a clear objective, he said-a speedy pullout of the Russian troops-which is also supported by the world community, BNS reported. Luik also said that at the recent Estonian-Russian talks it was agreed that Russia will submit by 25-June its requirements for withdrawing troops by the end of this year and that a draft accord on basic aspects of the troop pullout will be discussed at the next interstate negotiations in Tallinn at the end of this month. In a related development, Prime Minister Mart Laar said that his government will protest the continuing electronic intelligence-gathering activities of the Russian military base at Juri, BNS reported on 9 June. -Dzintra Bungs SEIMAS ELECTS OFFICERS. On 10 June the Seimas elected Lithuanian Democratic Labor Party deputies Juozas Bernatonis and Neris Germanas as its deputy chairman and chancellor, respectively, Radio Lithuania reports. The appointments of the two other deputy chairmen from other parties remain unclear. Aloyzas Sakalas and Egidijus Bickauskas, the two current temporary deputy chairmen, elected in 1992, represent centrist parties and not the more numerous right-wing opposition with which the LDLP has not been able to reach a mutually acceptable agreement. On 8 June the Seimas refused to accept Bickauskas's resignation made on 4 June and rebuffed a vote of no-confidence against Sakalas. -Saulius Girnius SITE OF LITHUANIAN OIL TERMINAL DECIDED. On 9 June the government decided to build an oil import terminal at Butinge, not far from the Latvian border, instead of at Melnrage near Klaipeda, Radio Lithuania reports. The terminal will be on a floating platform about 7-8 kilometers offshore. Oil will be pumped about 100 kilometers to the oil refinery at Mazeikiai. The financing and design of the project, which will cost about $170 million, have not yet been finalized, but will undoubtedly rely heavily on foreign investments. -Saulius Girnius [As of 1200 CET] Compiled by Liz Fuller nd Charles Trumbull THE RFE/RL DAILY REPORT IS PRODUCED BY THE RFE/RL RESEARCH INSTITUTE (A DIVISION OF RADIO FREE EUROPE/RADIO LIBERTY, INC.) with the assistance of the RFE/RL News and Current Affairs Division (NCA). The report is available by electronic mail via LISTSERV (RFERL-L@UBVM.CC.BUFFALO.EDU), on the Sovset' computer bulletin board, by fax, and by postal mail. For inquiries about specific news items, subscriptions, or additional copies, please contact: in North America: Mr. Brian Reed, RFE/RL, Inc., 1201 Connecticut Avenue NW, Washington, DC-20036 Telephone: (202) 457-6912 or -6907; Fax: (202) 457-6992 or 828-8783; Internet: RIDC@RFERL.ORG or Elsewhere: Ms. Helga Hofer, Publications Department, RFE/RL Research Institute, Oettingenstrasse 67, 8000 Munich 22, Germany;.Telephone: (+49 89) 2102-2631 or -2624; Fax: (+49 89) 2102-2648, Internet: PD@RFERL.ORG 1993, RFE/RL, Inc. All rights reserved.RFE/RL Daily Report
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