Уметь наслаждаться прожитой жизнью - значит жить дважды. - Марциал
RFE/RL Daily Report

No. 107, 08 June 1993


of delegates to the Constituent Assembly who left its session
on 5 June returned on 7 June to participate in the assembly's
work. More than fifty delegates left the session after parliamentary
speaker Ruslan Khasbulatov was not allowed to speak. Among those
who returned to the session after the 5-June walkout were the
majority of the Constitutional Court judges, including the chairman
Valerii Zorkin, and a secretary of the parliament's constitutional
commission Oleg Rumyantsev. The delegates agreed to resume their
work in the assembly after a group of delegates, headed by the
governor of Nizhnii Novgorod Boris Nemtsov, proposed to hold
an extra plenary session at which President Boris Yeltsin's opponents,
including Khasbulatov, would be allowed to speak. Russian Television
said that Yeltsin reportedly agreed with this proposal, but First
Deputy Prime Minister Vladimir Shumeiko was quoted by ITAR-TASS
as saying he doubted that Khasbulatov would agree to return to
the Constituent Assembly. Vera Tolz

political advisor Sergei Stankevich told a press conference on
7 June that they were confident in the ability of the Constituent
Assembly to complete the work on the final draft of a new Russian
Constitution by 16 June, ITAR-TASS reported. Stankevich admitted,
however, that the delegates were still deeply divided on three
main issues of the constitution: the president's powers, the
authority of the federal government versus the regions and republics,
and the regions' desire for equal status with the republics.
Shumeiko and Stankevich also said that it would be difficult
for the assembly to decide how to adopt the new constitution.
The officials suggested that Khasbulatov and other opponents
of the president would try to hamper the smooth adoption of the
constitution. -Vera Tolz

YELTSIN MEETING HEADS OF REPUBLICS. Yeltsin will meet the heads
of the republics at their request on 8 June, presidential adviser
Sergei Stankevich told a press conference in Moscow on 7 June.
Stankevich said that some of them were unhappy that their proposed
amendments to the draft constitution had been ignored, ITAR-TASS
and Reuter reported. The question of equal status for the republics
and krais and oblasts will also be discussed. Stankevich said
that the relationship between the federal center and the subjects
of the federation, and the relationship between the subjects
themselves were the thorniest problems facing the constitutional
assembly. Most of the delegates favor equal rights for all the
constituent parts of Russia, he added, but many of the republics
wish to retain their privileged status. Thus Egor Larionov, deputy
speaker of the Yakut parliament, told journalists that the claims
of the krais and oblasts to statehood were unfounded, Ekho Moskvy
reported on 6 June. -Ann Sheehy

2 June the Council of Nationalities passed a resolution giving
the autonomous okrugs the same rights as the krais and oblasts
of which they form part, Rossiiskaya gazeta reported on 3-June.
The proponents of the resolution argued that it would resolve
the question of the status of the okrugs, which had been existing
in a legal vacuum as the 1970 law on them was hopelessly outdated.
Opponents pointed to the administrative conflicts it would engender.
As far as the federal treaty is concerned, the autonomous okrugs
are regarded as subjects of the federation in the same way as
the republics, krais, and oblasts. -Ann Sheehy

FEDOROV ON REFORM, ECONOMY. Deputy Prime Minister Boris Fedorov
described the push for radical reform within the federal government
as being a fight of a small group of Western-style economists
against a large number of generally market-oriented, but go-slow
conservatives, The New York Times reported on 4 June. Fedorov
also repeated some veiled criticism of Yeltsin's populism. "Political
realities force him to do some things that are not always explainable
or easily accepted," Fedorov said. Another of Fedorov's current
worries is the prospect of the federal government giving too
much economic authority to the republics and regions, thereby
losing macroeconomic control in the nation. In a subsequent interview
with Trud on 6 June, however, Fedorov spoke optimistically about
current trends in the Russian economy. He stated that the warnings
of another interenterprise debt crisis were exaggerated, and
that overdue payments totalled a mere 1.8 trillion which is quite
small, relative to gross national product or total credit issued
in the economy. Fedorov expressed confidence that the monthly
inflation rate of 15% could be reduced to 10% or lower by the
end of the year. He also cited the significant progress of the
government's privatization program. -Erik Whitlock

RUSSIA'S BALANCE OF PAYMENTS. The balance of payments for the
Russian Federation in 1992 is set out in Ekonomika i zhizn, no.
18, 1993. Among the data supplied are the total of foreign credit
procured ($13.3-billion); the total coordinated rescheduling
($7 billion); the increase in foreign debt principal ($11.4 billion);
and the additional interest, including penalties, incurred ($4.8
billion). -Keith Bush

G-7 MEETING COOL ON PRIVATIZATION AID. Representatives from the
Group of Seven (G-7) leading industrialized nations failed to
reach agreement on two US proposals to aid Russia, the Knight-Ridder
Newspapers reported on 7 June, quoting the Kyodo agency. Discussions
on the nuclear-dismantling fund were said to be "inconclusive,"
and European G-7 members were described as being "strongly opposed"
to the US proposal to set up a $4-billion fund to help Russia's
privatization program. -Keith Bush


NAZARBAEV'S NEW CONCEPT FOR CIS. In an interview in Izvestiya
of 5 June, Kazakhstan's president Nursultan Nazarbaev outlined
his concept of a "new stage of interstate relations in the post-Soviet
space." Nazarbaev said he now realizes that the predominance
of centrifugal tendencies in the period after the break-up of
the Soviet Union was largely inevitable. Now that the republics
feel truly independent, he argues, the process of integration
can begin and is indeed beginning, but it should start, as the
European Economic Community did, with cooperation in specific
spheres and be free of "harsh political dependence." To flesh
out his ideas he has invited the prominent economists Stanislav
Shatalin, Nikolai Petrakov, Leonid Abalkin, and Grigorii Yavlinsky
to Alma-Ata. -Ann Sheehy

Andrei Kozyrev said on 6 June that, so far as he knew, the Ukrainian
political leadership continued officially to favor ratification
of the START-1 and the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaties. According
to Kozyrev, both Ukrainian President Leonid Kravchuk and Foreign
Minister Anatolii Zlenko had tried to dismiss remarks made several
days earlier by Prime Minister Leonid Kuchma that cast doubt
on Kiev's commitment to the non-proliferation treaty, saying
that were made in the latter's capacity as a deputy, and not
as Prime Minister. Kozyrev, just back from a visit to Ukraine,
also expressed optimism that the Ukrainian and Russian Presidents
would be able to resolve problems related to the Black Sea Fleet.
He said that they hoped to set a date later this week for a meeting
on the issue. Kozyrev's remarks were made on Russian Ostankino
Television and were reported by ITAR-TASS on 7 June. -Stephen


REBELLION SPREADS IN AZERBAIJAN. Supporters of maverick military
commander Surat Huseinov, whose troops have seized control of
Gyandzha, have also taken control of the town of Lenkoran in
south-east Azerbaijan close to the Iranian border and distributed
leaflets in Evlakh and Mingechaur calling for a campaign of civil
disobedience, Western agencies reported. Huseinov has called
for the resignation of Azerbaijan's Prime Minister Panakh Guseinov
on the grounds that the latter was responsible for the fighting
in Gyandzha on 5-6 June, in which the death toll is now reported
to have reached over 60. Huseinov has also demanded convening
a session of parliament to discuss the Armenian occupation of
Kelbadzhar. His supporters have created "parallel organs of power"
in Gyandzha, according to ITAR-TASS, quoting Presidential press
spokesman Arif Aliev. The Turan News Agency reported that Guseinov
had offered his resignation; whether President Elchibey has accepted
it is not known. Turan suggests that Nakhichevan parliament chairman
Geidar Aliev, one of Elchibey's most serious challengers, may
be in line to become Prime Minister. -Liz Fuller

RIOTING AT BAIKONUR SPACE CENTER. The Russian military newspaper,
Krasnaya Zvezda, reported in its 7 June edition on extensive
rioting, looting and arson at the Baikonur space center in Kazakhstan.
This is at least the third such incident, and the most serious
since February 1992, when three Kazakh soldiers were killed during
a mutiny. While details remain sketchy on the number of injured
or killed, and on the specific grievances of the Kazakh military
construction unit involved in the incident, it is known that
Russian soldiers at Baikonur, serving in similar positions, are
paid more than seven times as much as their Kazakh counterparts.
The Kazakh Defense Minister has promised that the soldiers involved
in the rioting will be punished; he believes that part of the
reason for the unrest was the fact that none of those involved
in last year's mutiny were disciplined. -Keith Martin

KAZAKHSTAN WOOS FOREIGN INVESTORS. President Nazarbayev has been
holding meetings with delegations from Germany and Japan to discuss
intensifying economic cooperation. Germany's Economic Development
Minister, Carl-Dieter Spranger, visited Alma Ata from 3 June
to 6 June, discussing Kazakhstan's need for aid. While only DM
20 million were pledged in direct aid for this year, Germany
is also providing specific economic incentives to the 900,000
ethnic Germans living in Kazakhstan, in the hope that they will
not make use of their right to emigrate to Germany in the near
future, according to Western agency reports. At the same time,
the German newspaper Handelsblatt reported in its 7 June edition
that German firms are skeptical about Kazakhstan's progress toward
market reforms and creating investment opportunities for foreign
firms. Currently, a delegation of 67 leading Japanese corporations,
headed by Mitsubishi, is in Alma Ata to make a preliminary assessment
of investment possibilities; they are holding talks with Nazarbayev
and other high-ranking officials. -Keith Martin


Minister Konstantin Morozov responded favorably to a US proposal
to put the nuclear warheads in Ukraine in storage under international
control, various Western agencies report on 8 June. The scheme
was presented by US Secretary of Defense Les Aspin as part of
a broader plan to defuse tensions between Moscow and Kiev. The
plan calls for putting 1,600-1,800 warheads to be withdrawn from
130 silo-based missiles and 600-800 cruise missiles meant to
be deployed on strategic bombers, into a storage facility controlled
jointly by Moscow and Kiev and which the US would help supervise.
After Russia and Ukraine agree on dividing the proceeds from
a planned US purchase of the fissile material in each warhead,
the weapons would be removed to Moscow for dismantling. Details
of the storage plan have yet to be worked out. In contrast to
Morozov's approval in general terms of the scheme, pending details,
Russian Defense Minister Pavel Grachev rejected the plan in his
meeting with Aspin in Germany on 6 June. Western and CIS agencies
report that Ukrainian officials welcomed Aspin's various proposals
for improving US-Ukrainian ties and that the US representative
described his visit to Kiev as "fruitful and promising." -Ustina
Markus and Bohdan Nahaylo

EC WARNS UKRAINE. The European Community says that a cooperation
agreement with Ukraine is unlikely to be signed unless Kiev ratifies
START-1, Western agencies reported on 7-June. Danish Foreign
Minister Niels Helveg Petersen, whose country is current EC president,
said the EC is "deeply worried" by the fact that Ukraine has
not yet ratified the arms accord. Petersen made the comments
after talks in Copenhagen with Ukrainian Foreign Minister Anatolii
Zlenko. -Roman Solchanyk

Travnik in central Bosnia on 8 June that about 1,000 Croatian
soldiers and at least an additional 3,000 civilians gave themselves
up to Serb forces the previous day in the wake of the Muslim
assault that began on 6 June. One Croat soldier said "we would
have been slaughtered like sheep had we stayed," and a Western
UN officer added that "the number of dead is a matter of hundreds.
We don't know the precise figure because we still can't get in
to all the villages." The Serbs received the Croats hospitably,
and the rupture in the Croat-Muslim alliance is a key Serbian
strategic interest. Meanwhile in Sarajevo, international media
reported on 7 June that the Bosnian government reluctantly approved
the UN proposal to make Sarajevo, Tuzla, Bihac, Gorazde, Zepa,
and Srebrenica "safe areas," but attached conditions that the
Serbs are unlikely to accept. The Muslims want the areas to be
connected by UN-protected corridors and made economically viable,
and also urge that Serb heavy weapons be dismantled. Finally,
Hina said that Muslim and Croat forces in the Konjic area near
Mostar are cooperating to make sure that new aid shipments reach
a number of local villages of both nationalities that have long
been cut off from such help. -Patrick Moore

DRASKOVIC UPDATE. Serbian Renewal Movement leader Vuk Draskovic
was "beaten to pulp" by police according to his brother Rodoljub.
He made the comment to reporters after visiting Draskovic in
Belgrade's Central Prison. Rodoljub Draskovic said his brother
sustained injuries all over his body and face and was suffering
from severe heart and kidney pains. He added that Vuk has promised
to quit politics and resume his work as a writer once released
from prison. SPO spokesman also read a message from Vuk Draskovic
asking his supporters and sympathizers not to demonstrate on
his behalf for fear of violent retaliation by police. Family
members also described injuries to Draskovic's wife, Danica,
as serious. Thirteen opposition groups and six pacifist organizations
have demanded the release of the Draskovics. Radio B92 and international
media carried the report on 7 June. -Milan Andrejevich

MONTENEGRIN DEMONSTRATIONS. Several thousand people demonstrated
on 7 June against what they called the rise of fascism in the
rump Yugoslavia, and demanded independence for Montenegro. Slavko
Perovic, head of the opposition Liberal Alliance of Montenegro
(LSCG), said Yugoslavia has become a "monstrous state" seeking
to survive by "imposing tyranny on its own people," and warned
that "mercenaries" for Serbia's President Slobodan Milosevic
risk "spreading this tyranny to Montenegro." The head of the
Movement Against Fascism, Milika Pavlovic, said "Serbia has tottered
under the fascist blows" of Milosevic's regime. Pavlovic added
"The only way out for Montenegro is to separate from Serbia."
In a separate development, a statement by political leaders in
Montenegro condemned the ouster of Yugoslav President Dobrica
Cosic by the Federal Assembly by describing the action as indicative
of a "lack of respect for rules of conduct and dignity." The
statement also condemned the police actions against demonstrators
in Belgrade saying the authorities violated their human rights.
Radio B92 and Radio Serbia carried the report. -Milan Andrejevich

POLITICAL FIREWORKS IN CROATIA. The relations between Croats
and Muslims are just one issue in a highly complex political
battle shaping up between hard-core nationalists originating
primarily in Herzegovina and more moderate forces, Globus reported
on 4 June. On 15 May Cardinal Franjo Kuharic warned Herzegovinian
Croats that they could be held accountable for war crimes against
the Muslims and for bringing possible international sanctions
down on Croatia. Their leader, Mate Boban, replied to the primate
in what Globus called a "vulgar" letter ghost-written by two
militant nationalist Franciscan fathers. It appears that behind
Boban are tough hard-liners in Zagreb and Bosnia-Herzegovina,
plus elements of the Franciscan order in Herzegovina, while Kuharic
is backed by most mainstream politicians, the Church hierarchy,
and some of the Franciscans. Globus suggested that the contest
has only just begun, and that Kuharic holds the moral high ground,
with President Franjo Tudjman being a potential wild card in
the game. Elsewhere in Zagreb, on 4-June parliament voted to
remove ultrarightist leader Dobroslav Paraga from his positions
on that body's Commission for Human Rights. Paraga had just returned
from a speaking tour of the United States where he sharply criticized
Tudjman and his ruling Croatian Democratic Community (HDZ) as
being authoritarian. Deputies from the HDZ subsequently charged
Paraga with "slandering Croatia" and launched a well-orchestrated
campaign against the leader of the Croatian Party of [Historic]
Rights (HSP). The HDZ has used a variety of legal measures over
the past year to hound the HSP, and charges of "terrorism" are
still pending against Paraga, who has otherwise been protected
by his parliamentary immunity. Vecernji list on 4 June and Politika
on 5 June reported the story. -Patrick Moore

Bulgarian Prime Minister Lyuben Berov expressed support for the
idea of placing US troops in the Republic of Macedonia, Reuters
reported on 7 June. Berov said the idea was useful, although
he pointed out that the operation would need firm backing from
governments in Macedonia as well as Kosovo, another unstable
area. The first Bulgarian premier to visit Skopje since World
War-II, Berov said bilateral relations have become a "factor
for stability" in the region. With his counterpart Branko Crvenkovski,
he signed agreements on trade, energy, education, crime-fighting,
communications and transport. -Kjell Engelbrekt

MACEDONIA MISCELLANY. British Foreign Minister Douglas Hurd paid
his second visit to the Republic of Macedonia on 4 June, the
first after Great Britain recognized the new country, MILS reports.
He met with Acting Foreign Minister Stevo Crvenkovski, and President
Kiro Gligorov. In a press conference Hurd, expressed the hope
that matters between Greece and Macedonia would soon be resolved
and noted that the new country is experiencing serious economic
difficulties resulting from enforcement of the UN embargo on
Serbia. Meanwhile, Crvenkovski, in a letter to NATO Secretary-General
Manfred Woerner, broached the question of possible membership
in that organization. Crvenkovski also requested a meeting with
NATO officials concerning the deployment troops in Macedonia.
President Bill Clinton is currently reviewing the possibility
of sending US troops to Macedonia as well as, reportedly, civilian
monitors to Kosovo. -Duncan Perry

8 June reports that the Council of Europe is making available
some $3.8-million to promote media freedom in the former Yugoslavia.
Targeted especially for support are Borba and three other Belgrade
papers, as well as two Serbian independent radios. The Sarajevo
daily Oslobodjenje is among the recipients outside Serbia. On
7 June Reuters reported from Paris that the press freedom watchdog
group, Reporters sans frontiers, has compiled a list of countries
that are the worst abusers of media independence. It includes
states such as Iraq, China, North Korea, Cuba, and Iran, but
the only two European countries on it are Serbia and Croatia.
-Patrick Moore

SLOVAK RADIO REPORTS ON 7 JUNE. According to the report, representatives
of the excommunist Party of the Democratic Left, the Christian
Democratic Movement, the Slovak National Party, the Hungarian
Christian Democratic Party, Coexistence, and the Alliance of
Democrats (founded recently by former Slovak Foreign Minister
Milan Knazko) held talks on 7 June in Bratislava and agreed that
the creation of a broad coalition government represents a better
perspective for Slovakia than early elections. The opposition
parties will meet again on 14 June to discuss the details and
of the creation of a government coalition. -Jan Obrman

ONYSZKIEWICZ IN SLOVAKIA. Polish Defense Minister Janusz Onyszkiewicz
is on an official visit in Slovakia, TASR reports on 7 June.
On the first day of his three-day visit, he discussed security
cooperation with his Slovak counterpart Imrich Andrejcak. According
to the report, the two agreed that the level of cooperation should
continue "on a higher level," and Andrejcak reportedly proposed
to increase security cooperation between the two states "particularly
within the framework of the Visegrad Group." Onyszkiewicz and
Andrejcak also discussed several concrete proposals like a joint
training camp for UN peace-keeping forces and UNPROFOR units;
cooperation in arms production; and the use of military repair
facilities by both armies. -Jan Obrman

of four Central European countries: the Czech Republic, Hungary,
Poland, and Slovakia appealed on 7 June to the European Community
to open negotiations on membership. The appeal was made during
a joint press conference of the group's representatives in Paris,
who were reported by PAP to have expressed hope that at its forthcoming
summit in Copenhagen the EC "would set the date and define conditions
for [the group's] full membership in the community." -Jan de

NATO WORKSHOP IN BUDAPEST. NATO's 10th workshop on military security
policy was held behind closed doors on 3-6 June with the participation
of high-ranking military and political officials, MTI and Radio
Budapest report. In their addresses, Hungary's Premier Jozsef
Antall and Foreign Minister Geza Jeszenszky both said NATO is
and should remain the most important guarantor of security in
East Central Europe and advocated a more intensive preventive
foreign policy on the part of the West. In an interview in the
7 June issue of Magyar hirlap, Hungarian State Secretary for
Defense Rudolf Joo called the workshop a success in that it managed
to discuss theoretically such issues as the reformulation of
NATO's role in peace maintenance and crisis management, and the
possibility of observer or associate status for East European
countries in NATO. In the short term, however, NATO will not
be able to solve the region's security problems because the offer
of guarantees to some states could create tension with others
and awake sensitivities and concerns in Russia. According to
Joo, NATO has no reservations about Central Europe also developing
ties with the Western European Union as the two organizations
complement each other. In a 6 June interview in Nepszabadsag,
WEU Secretary-General Willem van Eekelen confirmed that the Central
European states could not at present count on formal security
guarantees. Calling for "patience," he referred to the existence
of many "practical steps" leading in that direction. -Alfred

Teodor Melescanu discussed bilateral ties with his Dutch counterpart,
Peter Kooijmans, including a future accord to protect mutual
investments, the situation in former Yugoslavia, and Romania's
efforts to join Western European political and economic structures.
He is scheduled to meet Premier Ruud Lubbers on 8 June. Melescanu
spoke about his 5-6 June visit to Budapest in an interview with
Radio Bucharest, noting that he had met with Foreign Minister
Geza Jeszenszky, which was not on the official agenda -Dan Ionescu

OBSERVERS ON LATVIAN ELECTIONS. Approximately 60 observers from
11 countries and 8 organizations (BNS reports 55 observers from
16 countries and 12 organizations) observed the parliamentary
elections in Latvia. Dividing themselves up into 30 groups, they
visited polling stations throughout the country, Radio Riga reported
on 7 June. The general assessment was that the elections were
free, democratic, and well-organized. According to unofficial
election results, Latvia's Way is the front runner with about
32% of the votes and will, therefore, have to act together with
other groups in order to form a government. Official election
results are expected on 9 or 10 June. -Dzintra Bungs

LITHUANIAN PREMIER IN FINLAND. On 6 June Adolfas Slezevicius,
accompanied by the transportation and agriculture ministers,
traveled to Finland on his first official foreign visit. On 7
June he held talks with Finnish Prime Minister Esko Aho on increased
economic cooperation with special attention to Finnish assistance
in the building of an oil terminal, the reconstruction of the
oil refinery at Mazeikiai, the construction of Via Baltica, and
cooperation in the timber and food industries. Radio Lithuania
reports that the level of trade between the two states is low
(less than 1% of total trade on each side). -Saulius Girnius

the Belarusian Supreme Soviet considered changing the title of
the KGB to the Ministry of State Security, but the motion did
not pass. The session also debated whether the KGB should be
subordinated to the Supreme Soviet or to the Council of Ministers.
Neither option had backing from a majority in parliament and
a decision has been deferred while a working commission examines
the problem, Belarusian TV reported on 3 June. -Ustina Markus

CREANGA ON TROOP ISSUE. Interviewed in the Foreign Ministry's
journal Moldova i mir (2/1993), Moldovan Defense Minister Lt.-Gen.
Pavel Creanga confirmed that Russia is presenting political conditions
in the negotiations on the future of the 14th Army based in Moldova.
"The Russian side's intention to resolve the whole range of military
issues unilaterally," he declared, "is a serious flaw, reflecting
contempt toward a small state and an erroneous assessment of
the real situation in Moldova. Russia is of course a great state"
he continued, "but this does not entitle her to abuse her power
and unilaterally resolve issues affecting this or that other
state." -Vladimir Socor

government officials, at the beginning of June there were 2,600
Russian soldiers and 1,500 civilian dependents and officials
still stationed in Poland. PAP reports that they are stationed
in 11-garrisons and localities, but the number of facilities
is diminishing rapidly; during this month alone Russian soldiers
are scheduled to move out of Wroclaw and Poznan. All Russian
troops are scheduled to leave Poland by November. In April 1991,
when the first withdrawals took place, there were about 60,000
troops and about 90,000 dependents in Poland. Jan de Weydenthal

[As of 1200 CET]

Compiled by Liz Fuller and Charles Trumbull

assistance of the RFE/RL News and Current Affairs Division (NCA).
The report is available by electronic mail via LISTSERV (RFERL-L@UBVM.CC.BUFFALO.EDU),
on the Sovset' computer bulletin board, by fax, and by postal
mail. For inquiries about specific news items, subscriptions,
or additional copies, please contact: in North America: Mr. Brian
Reed, RFE/RL, Inc., 1201 Connecticut Avenue NW, Washington, DC-20036
Telephone: (202) 457-6912 or -6907; Fax: (202) 457-6992 or 828-8783;
Internet: RIDC@RFERL.ORG or Elsewhere: Ms. Helga Hofer, Publications
Department, RFE/RL Research Institute, Oettingenstrasse 67, 8000
Munich 22, Germany;.Telephone: (+49 89) 2102-2631 or -2624; Fax:
(+49 89) 2102-2648, Internet: PD@RFERL.ORG 1993, RFE/RL, Inc.
All rights reserved.

RFE/RL Daily Report

[English] [Russian TRANS | KOI8 | ALT | WIN | MAC | ISO5]

Домашняя страницаж ° Комментарии ° Книга гостей

©1996 "Друзья и Партнеры"
Наташа Булашова,Грег Коул
Updated: 1998-11-

Please write to us with your comments and suggestions.

F&P Quick Search
Основные разделы
Домашняя страница
Bulletin Board
Листсервер Друзья и Партнеры


Новости из России и СНГ
Новости о России и СНГ
Газеты и журналы
Прочие новости

©1996 Friends and Partners
Please write to us with any comments, questions or suggestions -- Natasha Bulashova, Greg Cole