|Experience is in the fingers and head. The heart is inexperienced. - Henry David Thoreau|
No. 105, 04 June 1993
RUSSIA PARLIAMENTARY PRESIDIUM MEMBERS SUPPORT CONSTITUTIONAL ASSEMBLY. Ten members of the parliament's presidium issued a statement on 3 June addressed to delegates to the forthcoming constitutional assembly, describing it as the only way to produce a constitution of civil accord and to halt the tension between the president and the parliament, RFE/RL correspondents reported. In an interview with RFE/RL on 3-June, deputy parliamentary speaker Nikolai Ryabov repeated his criticism of the speaker Ruslan Khasbulatov, accusing him of causing the confrontation between legislative and executive to escalate and of discrediting the parliamentary process. Ryabov said that parliamentary deputies are planning to introduce a draft resolution next week imposing limits on Khasbulatov's parliamentary activities. -Wendy Slater OPPOSITION HOLDS CONSTITUTIONAL ASSEMBLY. Communist and nationalist groups which oppose PresidentBoris Yeltsin held an alternative constitutional assembly on 3-June, RFE/RL's Moscow correspondent reported. The meeting was convened by the Public Committee for the Defense of the Constitution, an umbrella group formed shortly before the April referendum. Opposition groups participating in the assembly pledged to hold protest rallies against the official constitutional assembly, due to open on 5 June. Although several groups presented their alternative draft constitutions, the majority of the delegates spoke in favor of retaining the current constitution, and denounced both the presidential and the parliamentary drafts which are to be discussed at the official assembly. Delegates adopted a resolution accusing Yeltsin of aiming to "establish a personal dictatorship." -Wendy Slater NEW PRO-YELTSIN PARTY ESTABLISHED. Moskovskie novosti no. 23 reported on the formation of a new political party, called the Russian Union of 25 April, which has been set up to support Boris Yeltsin. The initiator of the new party was said to be former State Secretary and close Yeltsin aide, Gennadii Burbulis. Other members of the group formed to establish the new party, whose founding conference is scheduled for 12 June (Russia's Independence Day), include Gorbachev's reformist former advisor Aleksandr Yakovlev, Deputy Prime Minister Sergei Shakhrai and Foreign Minister Andrei Kozyrev. The new party considers that Yeltsin's victory at the 25 April referendum has given a new impetus for the supporters of radical reform and demonstrated the necessity for a complete break with the old Soviet system of government. -Wendy Slater YELTSIN SIGNS ANTI-INFLATION DECREE. Yeltsin has signed a decree containing several measures to reduce inflationary government spending, according to ITAR-TASS on 3 June. First, it suggests federal and local government authorities freeze budget and off-budget expenditures from 1 July. Second, it orders the Council of Ministers in a two week period to reverse all federal decisions made that would led to such increases in expenditure. Third, it calls for revamping the indexing of "socially significant" expenditures. The decree also delays all subsidies exceeding sums foreseen in the present budget until after 1 August. -Erik Whitlock CONVERSION PROGRAM APPROVED. On 3 June the Government Presidium approved a 100-page draft program for the conversion of the defense industry during the period 1993-95, ITAR-TASS reported. After some amendments and additions, it will be sent to parliament for approval Few details were released, but it appears to represent the first comprehensive conversion program on offer since the demise of the conversion portion of the "reform deepening" draft presented on 3 July 1992 by then Acting Prime Minister Egor Gaidar. The new draft program is said to be predicated on total funding amounting to 2 trillion rubles (in constant prices of 1993) and $3 billion. It was not made clear where the hard-currency is to come from. -Keith Bush PRICE OF PRIVATIZATION VOUCHERS UP. For the first time since their issue was launched in October 1992, the price of privatization vouchers has risen during the past week above their nominal value of 10,000 rubles, Reuters reported on 3 June. On that day, vouchers were being traded at 11,500 rubles, after several months of trading at around 5,000 rubles. The rise was attributed to the 8 May presidential decree that barred investment funds from speculating in vouchers. -Keith Bush CONSTITUTIONAL COURT RULING ON MORDOVIA. In another rebuff to Yeltsin, the Constitutional Court ruled on 3 June that the decision of the Mordovian parliament to abolish the presidency and vice-presidency was in accord with the delimitation of powers between the Russian Federation and its constituent republics enshrined in the Russian constitution, ITAR-TASS reported. The court also ruled that point 1 of Yeltsin's decree of 14-April in which he ordered that the Mordovian president continue to exercise his powers until the constitutional court gave its ruling was in violation of the Russian constitution. The deposed Mordovian president Vasilii Guslyannikov told a press conference in the Mordovian capital Saransk that the ruling was not a legal but a political decision, that neo-Communists dominated the constitutional court, and that he was still intending to take part in Yeltsin's constitutional assembly. -Ann Sheehy RULING VIOLATES HUMAN RIGHTS, SAYS COURT MEMBER AMETISTOV. Ernest Ametistov, a member of the Constitutional Court, echoed Guslyannikov's opinion that the court's ruling was a political decision. In an interview with ITAR-TASS on 3 June Ametistov, who has expressed his disagreement with previous rulings of the court, said that, while the Mordovian parliament had the right to adopt a law reforming the system of executive power, its deprivation of a popularly-elected president of his powers violated the rights of the republic's citizens. Another judge, Anatolii Kononov, said the ruling created an unfortunate precedent, making it virtually impossible to challenge republican laws on the grounds of their constitutionality vis-ˆ-vis the Russian constitution, Ekho Moskvy reported. -Ann Sheehy DEPUTY PREMIER FEDOROV ON DEMANDS OF REPUBLICS. Deputy Prime Minister Boris Fedorov told foreign correspondents at a dinner in Moscow on 2 June that he was more concerned about relations between Russia and Tatarstan than those between Russian and Ukraine, AFP reported on 3 June. Fedorov said that Tatarstan, Bashkortostan, Sakha (Yakutia), Chechnya, and Karelia had made a series of unacceptable demand including the exclusive right to levy taxes and to launch their own currencies. Fedorov insisted that there must be a single federal taxation system and, warning of "major upheavals ahead," said that he would never sign a document that would lead to the break-up of Russia. -Ann Sheehy CHECHEN PARLIAMENT TAKES STEPS TO PREVENT OBSTRUCTION OF REFERENDUM. The Chechen parliament adopted a decree on 3 June aimed at preventing obstruction by supporters of Chechen President Dzhokhar Dudaev of the referendum on the future of the presidency scheduled for 5 July, ITAR-TASS reported. The decree allow the creation of additional, including mobile, polling stations. It also states that where provisions for voting have not been made or there is likely to be obstruction, voters may vote in any constituency regardless of their place of residency. -Ann Sheehy BURYAT PARLIAMENT DECLARES SPLITTING UP OF REPUBLIC IN 1937 UNCONSTITUTIONAL. A session of the Buryat parliament on 3 June declared the splitting of the republic in three parts in 1937 to be unconstitutional, Ekho Moskvy reported. The Buryats have been agitating for some time for its reunification. -Ann Sheehy GOVERNMENT MEETS STUDENTS' DEMANDS. One day before students had threatened to take their protest to the streets, an agreement was reached with the Russian government, according to which the promises of grant increases made in a pre-referendum presidential decree would be honored. An agreement was signed on 3 June by the government, the Russian association of student trade union organizations (RAPOS), the Ministry of Finance and the Committee for Science and Higher Education, according to ITAR-TASS. The agreement states that higher education establishments are obliged to pay immediately grants and food subsidies owed to students for April and May. By 15 June the government promises to make available the necessary financial means to pay summer travel grants. A representative of the St. Petersburg students stated, however, that the agreement has come too late to stop the protest planned for 4 June. -Sheila Marnie MINERS ISSUE ANOTHER STRIKE WARNING. The independent miners' union of the northern town of Vorkuta has once again issued a strike warning to the government, due to the latter's failure to honor branch wage tariff agreements and other provisions of labor law and collective agreements. According to ITAR-TASS on 2 June, the miners have put forward a set of demands to the government, and if these are not met, plan to stage an indefinite strike beginning 10 June. The miners are demanding that the government meet wage tariff agreements and pay subsidies by 5 June (miners have not yet been paid wages for April); clear payments between miners and their contractors, including the state railways (the government has raised the cost of rail freight transport); provide funds by the 10th day of every month for payment of wages and subsidies; arrange a meeting between the miners' representatives and President Yeltsin and Prime Minister Chernomyrdyn by 10 June to discuss the future of the coal industry. -Sheila Marnie CHILE, RUSSIA SIGN COOPERATION DECLARATION. The Presidents of Chile and Russia signed an 11point declaration on mutual relations and cooperation in Moscow on 3 June, ending a period of nearly 20-years of hostility that began with the ouster of Chile's Marxist President Salvadore Allende in 1973 and his replacement by Augusto Pinochet. According to Reuters, the declaration included agreements on combating drug-trafficking, on cultural exchanges, and on promoting trade and economic cooperation. Cooperation in the defense field is also envisioned; President Yeltsin said that Defense Minister Pavel Grachev would visit Chile and that Russia could supply Chile with air defense weapons systems, including the sophisticated S-300 system. Yeltsin and Chilean President Patricio Aylwin compared their two countries' transitions from totalitarian to democratic political systems. -Stephen Foye TRANSCAUCASIA AND CENTRAL ASIA AZERBAIJANI LEADERSHIP FORESTALLS PROTEST DEMO BY OUSTED INTERIOR MINISTER. Armored vehicles and military patrols were deployed in Baku during the early morning of 3 June, according to Azertadzh and ITAR-TASS. Secretary of State Ali Kerimov attributed the move to the extension of the state of emergency imposed in early April following the seizure by Armenian forces of Kelbadzhar. Other sources posited a connection between the increased security measures and the announcement by ousted Interior Minister Iskander Hamidov that he intended to convene a demonstration-forbidden under the state of emergency-on 5 June to protest the Azerbaijani leadership's cadre policy. Hamidov told the executive committee of the Azerbaijan Popular Front late in the evening of 2 June that he had decided not to go ahead with the protest, but the Azerbaijani leadership evidently preferred to play safe given Hamidov's unpredictability. -Liz Fuller CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE START-1 DEBATE BEGINS IN UKRAINE-.-.-. The long-awaited debate in the Ukrainian parliament on ratification of START-1 and adherence to the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) got off to a stormy start on 3 June. The first part of the debate was broadcast live by Radio Ukraine. Foreign Minister Anatolii Zlenko opened with a strong plea to lawmakers to move forward with the confirmation of Ukraine's nonnuclear status by ratifying both treaties. He argued that the country has neither the technical nor material resources to maintain and control nuclear weapons on its territory and that it risks international isolation if it decides to retain a nuclear deterrent. Zlenko also stressed, however, that nuclear disarmament remains conditional on there being adequate international guarantees for Ukraine's security as well as compensation to offset the enormous cost of eliminating the nuclear weapons. Neither of these conditions have been met, he said, and the Ukrainian Foreign Ministry is concentrating its efforts in these areas. -Bohdan Nahaylo .-.-.-AND RIFT AMONG LEADERSHIP EMERGES. The debate reveals that not only parliament and society-but also the leadership-are split over the nuclear weapons issue. Zlenko's report was sharply criticized by deputies representing all shades of political opinion, including the democratic chairman of the parliamentary foreign affairs commission, Dmytro Pavlychko, all of whom explicitly or implicitly accused the foreign minister of yielding to external pressure instead of defending Ukraine's interests. One of Rukh's leaders, Ivan Zayets, pointed out that "there is not a single document guaranteeing our security. . . . Not a penny from the West and not a single agreement on compensation." According to Western agencies, at a closed session that evening, Prime Minister Leonid Kuchma proposed a temporary compromise solution known to have the support of at least a third of the deputies: that Ukraine ratify START-1 (which has a seven-year time frame) but for the moment retain control over 46 ICBMs, which Ukraine considers not to be covered by the treaty. As for the NPT, Kuchma noted that France has not ratified this treaty either and that it expires in 1995. Kuchma's proposals, coming in the midst of a major political crisis, conflict with the position hitherto held by the leadership, including President Leonid Kravchuk. The debate is continuing and is likely to be long and difficult. -Bohdan Nahaylo ASPIN TO MEET WITH MOROZOV. US Secretary of Defense Les Aspin is to meet with Ukrainian Defense Minister Konstantin Morozov in Kiev on 6 June. He is expected to propose a new package of economic and political incentives to induce Ukraine to ratify START and adhere to the NPT. The visit is apparently intended to show Ukraine that Washington has adopted a new approach towards Kiev that goes beyond concern over Ukraine's nuclear arsenal and extends to cooperation on a wider range of issues, US newspapers reported on 3-4 June. Aspin's visit to Kiev will follow a meeting with Russian Defense Minister Pavel Grachev in Germany. -Ustina Markus RUSSIA CUTS OIL SUPPLIES TO UKRAINE. Reuters reported on 3 June that a senior official of the Ukrainian State Oil and Gas Committee stated that Russia has cut oil supplies to Ukraine to one-fifth of its already reduced levels because of Ukraine's debt arrears. Government ministries said Ukraine is receiving 15-20,000 tonnes of oil per day instead of the normal 80-100,000 tonnes. Four of the country's six refineries have received nothing since Wednesday, and the largest facility at Lisichansk had to shut down operations 10 days ago. Ukraine needs 40 million tonnes of oil annually, of which only half was expected this year from Russia. Moscow claims Kiev owes $2.5-billion for past deliveries, but Ukrainian officials dispute this figure. The debt dispute was further complicated when Moscow announced that, retroactive to 1 April, it will charge Ukraine world prices for oil. Last week Russian and Ukrainian delegations said they were close to signing an agreement on the price and transport of oil. On 3 June, however, Russian President Yeltsin threatened economic sanctions against CIS members who failed to pay their debts, ITAR-TASS reports. -Ustina Markus UKRAINIAN-RUSSIAN TALKS. Russian Foreign Minister Andrei Kozyrev is due to meet in Kiev on 4 June with President Kravchuk and other Ukrainian officials, Ukrainian Radio reported on 3 June. He is expected to arrange a meeting of the two presidents on the escalation in tensions concerning the Black Sea fleet. After his meetings in Kiev, Kozyrev will go on to Sevastopol with his Ukrainian counterpart, Anatolii Zlenko. -Bohdan Nahaylo SERBIA UPDATE. Local and international media report on 3-4 June that Vuk Draskovic, leader of the opposition Serbian Renewal Movement (SPO), and his wife, were tortured and severely beaten by police on 2 June. Borba alleges Draskovic and his wife were also given 60-day jail sentences for inciting the violent protests on 1-2 June that left one policeman dead and 32 people injured. SPO officials and Draskovic's lawyer deny the Borba report, but an SPO statement says Draskovic suffered a broken arm and facial injuries and appeared barely conscious when police dragged him across a courtyard at the time of his arrest on 2 June. Radical Party leader Vojislav Seselj described allegations of Draskovic's beating as "very amusing." The public prosecutor has asked Serbia's Constitutional Court to ban the SPO on the grounds that the party's activities have "blatantly abused constitutional freedoms." -Milan Andrejevich SECURITY COUNCIL VOTE ON BOSNIAN SAFE AREAS TODAY. International media report on 4 June that the French-sponsored resolution has been modified at the request of nonaligned nations to make it clear that setting up the six areas is not an end in itself but the first step toward a political solution along the lines of the Vance-Owen plan. Muslim countries in particular felt that establishing the safe areas would be tantamount to assigning the Bosnian Muslims to reservations and awarding victory to the Serbs. In Bosnia UN forces commander Gen. Philippe Morillon said that the Bosnian Serb political leaders had agreed to let military observers into the besieged town of Gorazde, which is slated to become a safe area, but it was not clear whether Gen. Ratko Mladic's troops would let them pass, the New York Times says. The Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung adds that local ham radio operators in Gorazde report that the Serbs have intensified their shelling not only of that town but of the strategic transportation hub Gradacac as well. Hina quotes the Turkish foreign minister as calling for a tough, clear international policy against "Serbian aggression." Finally, the BBC's Serbian and Croatian Services report that international mediators Lord Owen and Thorvald Stoltenberg met with Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic on 3 June and will talk with Bosnian President Alija Izetbegovic and Bosnian Croat leader Mate Boban on 4 June. Patrick Moore KOSOVAR WRITERS END HUNGER STRIKE. The BBC's Serbian Service said on 4 June that a group of 23-ethnic Albanian journalists and writers led by Adem Demaqi ended their hunger strike the previous day. They began their action on 25 May to demand an end to censorship and to stiff limitations on Albanian-language publishing in the Serbian-ruled province with a more than 90% Albanian majority. The Albanians said they had received assurances from a CSCE representative that improvements will be forthcoming, even though the hunger strikers' demands have not yet been met. Patrick Moore MACEDONIA: QUESTIONS ABOUT THE NAME AND US TROOPS. According to UN documents made public on 3 June, UN Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali supports the idea of Macedonia changing its name to "Republic of New Macedonia," Reuters reports. Neither Skopje nor Athens appears ready to accept this name, however. Greece favors the name "Slavo-Macedonia," but, Macedonia's non-Slav minorities, notably the Albanians, would find this unacceptable. Meanwhile, parliamentary leader Stojan Andov has indicated that Macedonia might welcome deployment of US troops in his country as a means of checking the spread of the conflicts in the former Yugoslavia to that republic, MILS and AFP report. Andov said he hopes the violence can be halted through diplomatic means, thus avoiding the need for a US military presence. -Duncan Perry SUCHOCKA PLEDGES TO CONTINUE REFORMS. Speaking at a press conference on 3 June reported by PAP, Prime Minister Hanna Suchocka said that the government remains determined to continue reforming Poland's economic and financial systems. In particular, she reportedly pledged to "implement immediately" measures designed to privatize state enterprises that are possible under existing laws and to continue the program of mass privatization of industrial plants, to continue reforms of the banking system, and to work on reorganization of Polish industry and agriculture. Suchocka also said that the government will introduce VAT on 5 July as scheduled, and will continue to introduce changes in the administrative and educational systems in accordance with the existing laws. She said that the government remains open to contacts with labor unions but only with regard to current issues. The government will make every effort to diminish unemployment by introducing tax incentives for potential investors in particularly affected areas. Finally, she said the government will not interfere in the electoral campaign for parliament, but remains opposed to "slanders and lies" that "ought to be dealt in accordance with the law." Suchocka said that she might also run for seat in the parliament, but emphasized that she "would not like her actions as prime minister to be regarded at this moment as the inauguration of the election campaign." -Jan de Weydenthal MECIAR OPPOSED TO EARLY ELECTIONS. Slovak Prime Minister Vladimir Meciar is opposed to early elections in Slovakia that have been demanded by several opposition parties, TASR reports on 3 June. At a meeting with citizens in Zvolen, Meciar said that new elections would "solve nothing." The prime minister also rejected a broad coalition, arguing that he cannot imagine "[Miklos] Duray sitting next to [Ludovit] Cernak, or [Peter] Weiss sitting next to [Jan] Carnogursky and myself." He made it clear that the excommunist Party of the Democratic Left, probably the most vocal advocate of early elections, turned down his offer to join the ruling Movement for a Democratic Slovakia in a coalition. Meciar also informed the participants in the meeting that the "fall of the Slovak economy" will be halted in early 1994 "at the latest" and that German Foreign Minister Klaus Kinkel declared that Slovakia's perspectives "are better" than those of all other countries in the region. -Jan Obrman NATO WORKSHOP IN BUDAPEST. High-ranking NATO officers, diplomats, UN officials, and military experts began a three-day meeting in Budapest on 3-June on NATO's crisis management ability. MTI reports that the meeting, the tenth, is taking place within the framework of the organization's 1993 military-security workshop and the first time in a country that is not a NATO member. The conference is cohosted by the Hungarian Foreign Ministry and the Ministry of Defense. Prime Minister Jozsef Antall opened the session and President Arpad Goncz will also meet with the participants. The Defense Ministry used the occasion to report on the transformation of the Hungarian army. The seminar is also being attended by Romanian Foreign Minister Teodor Melescanu. -Judith Pataki HURD IN BULGARIA. On the second leg of his tour to three Balkan countries, British Foreign Secretary Douglas Hurd arrived in Bulgaria on 3 June. In Ruse, after crossing the Danube from Romania, Hurd told BTA that he was impressed by the joint efforts by Bulgarian authorities and Western customs officers to uphold the UN embargo on the river. Hurd later held discussions with Lyuben Berov, Prime Minister and acting Minister of Foreign Affairs. Besides the war in ex-Yugoslavia, the talks covered the expansion in bilateral trade and relations with the EC. After meeting President Zhelev on 4 June, Hurd will go on to visit the Republic of Macedonia. -Kjell Engelbrekt BTA DIRECTOR OUSTED. Ivo Indzhev, the head of the Bulgarian Telegraph Agency, has been sacked. Quoting government spokesman Raycho Raykov, Ekspres on 4-June reports that Indzhev was removed because of his "negative attitude toward state institutions-mainly the president and the government." Raykov said the cabinet is particularly critical that BTA disseminated allegations originating in the Spanish daily ABC that Prime Minister Berov had tried to prevent visiting King Juan Carlos from addressing the Bulgarian parliament. Indzhev is being replaced by 56-year-old Stefan Gospodinov, a former BTA commentator and the current head of the Kurier news agency. -Kjell Engelbrekt ROMANIAN PANEL ON CORRUPTION. On 3 June parliament approved the makeup of a 13-member commission to investigate allegations of corruption at the top of the government. A scandal broke in May when the former head of a special anticorruption unit, Gen. Gheorghe Florica, accused 18 high-ranking officials of systematically impeding investigations of corruption in their ministries. Radio Bucharest reported that the panel would present a preliminary report by 30-June and a final one before the end of the year. -Dan Ionescu ROMANIAN MILITARY DELEGATION IN THE US. A high-ranking delegation headed by chief of staff Lt.-Gen. Dumitru Cioflina arrived in Washington on 1-June and was received on the 2nd by Gen. Colin Powell, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Radio Bucharest said that the 45-minute meeting focused on regional security, military cooperation, and the conflict in former Yugoslavia. Radio Bucharest quoted Cioflina as saying that the delegation also had a brief unofficial exchange of views with President Clinton while visiting the White House. On 6-June the Romanian delegation will leave for Canada. -Dan Ionescu ROMANIA RALLIES AGAINST TIRASPOL TRIAL. Romanian media report on 2-3 June that the Romanian Foreign Ministry has rejected accusations of "an anti-Russian propaganda campaign underway in Romania" made by Russian Foreign Ministry officials concerning the trial of six Moldovans in Tiraspol on charges of terrorism. The Romanian spokesman described those criticisms as "a resuscitation of the Soviet-imperial theses." Terming the defendants "Romanian patriots," the spokesman urged Russia to show concern over the "judicial travesty" in Tiraspol, rather than over Romania's steps to save the defendants' lives. On 3 June Romanian President Iliescu appealed to human rights organizations in the West, denouncing the Tiraspol trial as taking place "under the control of pro-Soviet forces of the ex-Red Army." Last week Romania's parliament said that the trial is adversely affecting Romanian-Russian relations. -Vladimir Socor BALTIC STATES WANT TO JOIN EC IN 1993. After meeting in Jurmala on 2 June, President Lennart Meri of Estonia, Latvian Supreme Council Chairman Anatolijs Gorbunovs, and President Algirdas Brazauskas of Lithuania issued a communique stating that they are sending a request to the European Community to admit the three states as associate members. They would like the request to be included on the agenda of the EC summit scheduled for 21-and 22 June, Baltic media reported on 3 June. -Dzintra Bungs CE REPRESENTATIVES TO OBSERVE LATVIAN ELECTIONS. Radio Riga reports that a delegation of the Council of Europe's Parliamentary Assembly arrived in Riga on 2 June to observe and assess the elections taking place on 5-6 June. The 62-member delegation with representatives from 7 countries will form 5 groups to pay random visits to polling stations throughout the country. They will report their findings on 7 June. -Dzintra Bungs ESTONIAN LOCAL ELECTION LAW SIGNED. On 3-June President Lennart Meri signed the local elections bill passed by the parliament on 19 May, Baltic media report. A provision allowing only Estonian citizens to run as candidates was strongly protested by the local councils of Narva and Sillamae as violating the human rights of the Russian-speaking population who are noncitizens. Meri noted that the parliament's decision had been in part influenced by the very slow progress in withdrawing Russian troops from the republic. The law, he argued, should help convince more people to acquire Estonian citizenship. -Saulius Girnius [As of 1200 CET] Compiled by Keith Bush and Charles Trumbull THE RFE/RL DAILY REPORT IS PRODUCED BY THE RFE/RL RESEARCH INSTITUTE (A DIVISION OF RADIO FREE EUROPE/RADIO LIBERTY, INC.) with the assistance of the RFE/RL News and Current Affairs Division (NCA). The report is available by electronic mail via LISTSERV (RFERL-L@UBVM.CC.BUFFALO.EDU), on the Sovset' computer bulletin board, by fax, and by postal mail. For inquiries about specific news items, subscriptions, or additional copies, please contact: in North America: Mr. Brian Reed, RFE/RL, Inc., 1201 Connecticut Avenue NW, Washington, DC-20036 Telephone: (202) 457-6912 or -6907; Fax: (202) 457-6992 or 828-8783; Internet: RIDC@RFERL.ORG or Elsewhere: Ms. Helga Hofer, Publications Department, RFE/RL Research Institute, Oettingenstrasse 67, 8000 Munich 22, Germany;.Telephone: (+49 89) 2102-2631 or -2624; Fax: (+49 89) 2102-2648, Internet: PD@RFERL.ORG 1993, RFE/RL, Inc. All rights reserved.
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