|To live is so startling, it leaves little time for anything else. - Emily Dickinson|
No. 100, 27 May 1993
RUSSIA REPUBLICS REFUSE TO ENDORSE YELTSIN DRAFT. At an expanded session of the Council of the Heads of Republics in Moscow on 26 May, the heads of the republics approved holding the constitutional assembly called by Yeltsin for 5 June, but in a six-point statement released after the meeting refused to endorse unequivocally the Yeltsin draft, calling for a "unified and coordinated" draft, AFP reported. Yeltsin's press secretary Vyacheslav Kostikov claimed, however, that they had agreed in principle to come to the constitutional assembly and "proceed from the understanding" that the presidential draft would be taken as the basis for discussion. In his speech to the council Yeltsin attempted to win the support of the heads of the republics by outlining a four-stage plan for the implementation of the federal treaty, which the republics regard as the key document regulating their relations with Moscow. Yeltsin also favors retaining the difference in the status between the republics and the krais and oblasts, despite the strong urgings of the krais and oblasts for equality. -Ann Sheehy PARLIAMENT SETS UP WORKING GROUPS TO PREPARE CONSTITUTION. The Russian parliament is continuing work on its own draft version of the new Russian constitution, which it is presenting as an alternative to the one proposed by President Yeltsin. According to an ITAR-TASS report on 26 May, several expert groups have been set up by parliament to discuss amendments proposed by various regional authorities of the Russian Federation to parliament's draft constitution. The agency said that the groups included Russian people's deputies as well as representatives of regional soviets. The report also claimed that a number of representatives of Russia's regions have not yet decided whether they will support the parliament's or the president's draft of the new constitution. -Vera Tolz "SOVEREIGNTY AND EQUALITY" FACTION CRITICAL OF BOTH DRAFTS. A meeting of the parliamentary faction "Sovereignty and Equality," which unites deputies from the republics, has criticized both the presidential and parliamentary drafts of the constitution for ignoring the federal treaty, which, in its opinion, should permeate all the articles of the constitution, Rossiiskaya gazeta reported on 26 May. The meeting criticized both drafts, but particularly the presidential, for retaining the diktat of the center, and warned that forcing the adoption of a new constitution could lead to the disintegration of the Russian Federation. -Ann Sheehy MOSCOW SOVIET BLAMES AUTHORITIES FOR MAY DAY RIOTS. The Moscow City Soviet has adopted in principle a resolution on the May Day rally, RFE/RL reported from Moscow on 26 May. The resolution came in response to a request from the city's state prosecutor to let him charge city soviet deputy Viktor Anpilov with administrative liability for the incident. Anpilov is leader of the hard-line communist Workers' Russia movement, which was involved in the bloody clashes with the police on 1 May. (579 people were injured, and one policemen died as a result of the May Day rally.) The resolution, drafted by the city soviet committee on legislation, declines to lift Anpilov's immunity, urging instead that the prosecutor bring charges against the office of the Moscow Mayor, Yurii Luzhkov, for having provoked the violence against the demonstrators. -Julia Wishnevsky WHY PEASANTS VOTED AGAINST REFERENDUM. On 18-May Izvestiya published a series of interviews with four specialists on the attitudes of Russian peasants in different areas of Russia in an attempt to explain why the rural population voted against Yeltsin during the 25-April referendum. One of them, Ilya Steinberg, said that workers of collective farms find it unfair that a milkmaid earns 5,000 rubles a month, her husband, a night-watchman, gets 1,700 rubles, while their neighbor, a World War II veteran, receives 30,000 rubles per month in retirement benefits. Steinberg added that all former Communist Party apparatchiks who found jobs in commercial structures vigorously support Yeltsin and that this very fact was also opposed by the peasantry. -Julia Wishnevsky RUTSKOI, RYABOV INTERVIEWED. Aleksandr Rutskoi told Megapolis-Ekspress on 26 May that President Yeltsin had some time ago offered him the post of Russian Minister of Defense, if he agreed to forfeit the job of Vice President. He stated that Yeltsin's first choice for the post of Vice President was former State Secretary Gennadii Burbulis. Rutskoi claimed that Burbulis and Deputy Prime Minister Sergei Shakhrai had started a campaign against him after the presidential elections. Megapolis-Ekspress also carried an interview with the deputy parliamentary speaker Nikolai Ryabov who said that he used to believe that the Russian population was against Yeltsin's reforms, but after the referendum results that he decided to cooperate with the President. Ryabov went on to criticize the authoritarianism of parliamentary speaker Ruslan Khasbulatov. Alexander Rahr NEW QUARREL BETWEEN YELTSIN AND RUTSKOI. A fresh quarrel broke out on 26 May between Boris Yeltsin and his Vice President Aleksandr Rutskoi over the latter's plan to use a Kremlin meeting hall for a press conference scheduled for 28 May. Reuters reported a statement from Yeltsin's press spokesman Vyacheslav Kostikov carried by ITAR-TASS in which he "expressed doubts that the meeting would take place in the Kremlin." However, an aide to Kostikov would not clarify whether this meant that Yeltsin would restrict access to the hall, and it remains doubtful that Yeltsin has the legal authority to oust Rutskoi from his office in the Kremlin. Yeltsin has already stripped Rutskoi of the bulk of his privileges and responsibilities this year. -Wendy Slater COUP PROSECUTORS OBJECT TO COURT RULING. The state prosecutors in the trial of the twelve men accused of organizing the failed August 1991 coup have protested to the Supreme Court against the suspension of the trial on 18 May. The hearing was suspended indefinitely on the grounds that the prosecution was biased. The prosecutors' protest, which was reported by ITAR-TASS and Reuters, pointed out that the court did not find the prosecutors "personally biased, directly or indirectly," and that the ruling concerned only Prosecutor General Valentin Stepankov and his deputy Evgenii Lisov, who were said to be prejuded against the defendants. Although Stepankov was responsible for appointing the prosecutors, he was not himself involved in the trial proceedings. The statement claimed that the law allows removal of the prosecutors only on the grounds of personal bias. -Wendy Slater CENTRAL BANK QUALIFIES STATEMENT OF INTENT. Russian Central Bank (RCB) Deputy Chairman Aleksandr Khandruev told a Moscow conference on 26-May that some of the terms of the joint statement of intent signed by the government and the RCB could not be met, Biznes-TASS and Reuters reported. Khandruev stated that RCB Chairman Viktor Gerashchenko had not yet signed the technical supplement to the joint statement as some of its commitments were too detailed and unrealizable under existing conditions: "the Central Bank does not want to play a double game, taking on unrealistic obligations just to get the first tranche of a credit from the IMF." (However, other sources reported that Gerashchenko had signed the document.) -Keith Bush CHUBAIS: THREAT TO PRIVATIZATION OVER. Deputy Prime Minister and Chairman of the State Property Committee Anatolii Chubais said in an interview on Russian television on 27 May that, "for the first time in over a year and a half of my work [do I feel as though] no one can break privatization." "The crisis," he continued, "has passed." Earlier this spring, Chubais had made repeated public warnings of attempts by conservatives to undermine the government's privatization policy. According to the Committee some 66,000 state enterprises, mainly small retail shops and restaurants, have now been sold. This, reportedly, represents a fourth of the total number (but not asset value) of all Russian enterprises. -Erik Whitlock WESTERN INVESTMENT IN RUSSIA. Foreign Minister Andrei Kozyrev told a meeting in Moscow on 26 May that Western investment in Russia has so far not exceeded $4 billion which is "clearly insufficient," ITAR-TASS reported. He said that it was the task of Russia's foreign policy to create the preconditions for attracting foreign investment. Kozyrev called for an end to ideological disputes on the desirability of foreign investment and said that Russia defends its economic interests by cooperating with the West. But he also warned against "recklessly" opening doors to foreign investment while disregarding the interests of Russian industry and concluded that "reasonable protectionism" in this area is inevitable. -Keith Bush BANKRUPTCY PROCEEDINGS IMMINENT? ALTHOUGH THE LAW ON BANKRUPTCY TOOK EFFECT ON 1 MARCH, FEW IF ANY BANKRUPTCIES HAVE BEEN REPORTED. The deputy prime minister in charge of privatization, Anatolii Chubais, is quoted by The Financial Times of 26 May as saying that his State Property Committee had been entrusted with the task of "launching bankruptcies." The actual closing down or restructuring of unprofitable enterprises would be initiated by creditors. -Keith Bush RUSSIA WITHDRAWS FIGHTERS FROM KURILS. Japanese military sources said on 27-May that Moscow has permanently withdrawn thirty of forty MiG-23 fighter jets that had been stationed on the island of Etorofu, one of the four disputed Kuril Islands. According to AFP, Japanese defense officials said that Russia began removing the aircraft in March. They attributed the action to Russia's economic problems and to a desire to improve Japanese-Russian relations ahead of the G-7 meeting scheduled for Tokyo in July. Plans for a partial military withdrawal from the Kurils, mooted in Moscow last year, provoked opposition within the Russian Defense Ministry and General Staff. -Stephen Foye GOSKOMSTAT ON THE ECOLOGICAL SITUATION. Monitoring of air pollution levels in 10-20 Russian towns has shown that the presence of some substances is 10-times higher than maximum permissible levels, according to ITAR-TASS on 25 May. Air pollution is particularly heavy in Aleksandrovsk-Sakhalinsky, St.Petersburg, Volgograd, Moscow, Vyborg, and Magnitogorsk. Water pollution levels are also alarming, with some of the big rivers, namely the Volga with its tributaries the Oka and Kama, and the Ob with its tributaries the Irtysh and Tobol, showing the highest pollution levels. Traces of pesticides in the water in the Samara oblast are up to 10-15 times higher than the maximum permissible level; traces of ammonium and nitrogen were 10-25 times above the permissible level in the Novgorod, Ryazan, and Moscow oblasts, and water pollution caused by oil products was up to 50 times above the permissible level in the Bashkortostan republic and the Nizhnii Novgorod oblast. -Sheila Marnie TRANSCAUCASIA AND CENTRAL ASIA ARMENIA, AZERBAIJAN ACCEPT TRIPARTITE PEACE PLAN, NKR REJECTS IT. On 26-May, the governments of Azerbaijan and Armenia formally approved the US-Russian-Turkish sponsored peace plan for Nagorno-Karabakh, ITAR-TASS reported. As anticipated, the Defense Committee (which is functioning as the government) of the self-proclaimed Nagorno-Karabakh Republic rejected the plan on the grounds that it did not provide guarantees for the safety of the population of Nagorno-Karabakh or stipulate an end to the Azerbaijani economic blockade. The NKR's representative in Erevan, Manvel Sarkisyan also reiterated the NKR's rejection of Turkey as a mediator in the Karabakh conflict; at the same time he asserted that "Nagorno-Karabakh favors the firm commitment of all participants in the conflict to resolve it solely by peaceful means." -Liz Fuller CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE EXECUTIVE CHAIRMAN OF HUNGARY'S RULING PARTY RESIGNS. Hungarian Democratic Forum (HDF) executive chairman Lajos Fur announced at a 26 May meeting of the forum's presidium that he is resigning from his post, effective immediately, MTI and Radio Budapest announced. In a letter to HDF Chairman and Prime Minister Jozsef Antall, Fur gave the failure of his own efforts at putting an end to "fratricidal warfare" within the party as the main reason for his resignation; the HDF's liberal and popular nationalist groups led by Jozsef Debreczeni and Istvan Csurka, respectively, had engaged in inexcusable "self-destructive" activities that broke "the norms of political dignity," Fur wrote. The resignation caught Antall and the HDF presidium totally by surprise, and Vice Chairman Sandor Lezsak is also thinking of resigning should Csurka leave and the liberals remain in the party. Fur, who remains defense minister, left on 27 May for Kiev on a two-day official visit at the invitation of his Ukrainian counterpart Col. Gen. Konstantin Morozov. Alfred Reisch NEW GROUP WITHIN HDF PARLIAMENTARY FACTION. On 25 May 28 HDF deputies set up a so-called "Hungarian Truth National Policy" group within the party's parliamentary faction, MTI reports. The group includes most of the deputies who recently voted against the ratification of the Hungarian-Ukrainian bilateral treaty, such as Istvan Csurka, Lajos Horvath, Gyula Zacsek, and Zsolt Zetenyi. Zetenyi said the group's members feel responsible for the fate of the nation, and want to promote social justice, secure Hungarian and Christian values in education and culture, and foster objectivity in mass media. Horvath said that while the group was not led by Csurka, it would support him if he were to be ousted from the HDF. The party has not yet reached a decision: liberal HDF deputy Istvan Elek is calling for the ouster from the party's parliamentary faction of Csurka and his close ally Zacsek because of their extremist nationalist views. In an interview in the 26 May Magyar hirlap, Csurka said his expulsion would provoke the departure of many HDF members and deal a deadly blow to the party. Party spokesman Karoly Herenyi estimates that 10% of the HDF membership supports Csurka and would leave with him. Alfred Reisch TIME RUNS OUT FOR POLISH GOVERNMENT. Last-minute meetings with opposition leaders do not seem to have improved the government's chances in the no-confidence vote scheduled for 28 May. Prime Minister Hanna Suchocka met separately with Democratic Left Alliance (SLD) leader Aleksander Kwasniewski, Polish Peasant Party (PSL) chairman Waldemar Pawlak, and Solidarity caucus leader Bogdan Borusewicz on 26 May. Kwasniewski commented afterward that Suchocka had given his party no good reason to change its mind; the SLD voted shortly thereafter to impose caucus discipline for the no-confidence vote, requiring all members to oppose the government. The most promising sign was a curt "no comment" from Pawlak after his meeting with the prime minister, but press reports speculate that the PSL's conditions were as extensive as those voiced by the SLD, and thus unacceptable to the government. The Sejm's mood is generally hostile; three government reports were rejected on 26 May. A motion to postpone the no-confidence vote for three weeks, to allow both government and opposition "time for reflection," failed by a wide margin on 27 May, despite the fact that the opposition has not been able to settle on a alternative candidate for prime minister, let alone build a new coalition. -Louisa Vinton OPPOSITION "IRRESPONSIBLE," SUCHOCKA SAYS. The prime minister opened the debate on the no-confidence vote on 27 May with a defiant defense of her government and a warning that the current conflict "puts the country in peril." She said the opposition is "irresponsibile" for attempting to bring down the government without presenting either an alternative program or a new majority coalition. "It looks as if we are to leap from the diving board without checking to see if there is water in the pool," Suchocka said. She predicted that forming a new government would be even more difficult than the creation of her own seven-party coalition in July 1992. It was a paradox, she said, that the motion to dismiss the government was submitted precisely when the economy was showing signs of growth. She expressed surprise that Solidarity had turned on the government and asked whether the union's threat of a general strike in order to oust the government is compatible with democracy. Poles expect three things from their elected representatives, she concluded: agreement wherever possible, the calm necessary for effective action, and hard work aimed at improving the lot of citizens. Her government has not exhausted its possibilities, she said, and remains prepared to pursue these principles. -Louisa Vinton FARMERS MARCH IN WARSAW. Several thousand protesters from all four of Poland's farmers' unions and organizations marched on government headquarters on 26 May. The farmers demanded the adoption of a new agricultural policy that would, in their words, "put a halt to the degradation of the Polish village." Farmers were asked to bring a kilogram of straw each to dump in front of the government's offices. After mediation by the Sejm's deputy speaker, the government agreed to open talks with the four farmers' unions in two weeks' time. As the joint protest suggested, shared hostility to official policy may have overcome the traditional enmity among the former official farmers' organizations, the radical Self-Defense union, and Rural Solidarity. -Louisa Vinton BOSNIA UPDATE. On 26 May, the UN Security Council agreed to set up an 11-member court in the Hague to try war criminals in the former Yugoslavia. In interviews with Sky News TV and Pale Radio, Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic described the plan as an "act of revenge by the German lobby" and cautioned that the tribunal will "completely destroy the UN's credibility." He added that as long as the "Serb Republic of Bosnia" is not internationally recognized, all alleged criminals will be dealt with by the Bosnian Serb judicial system. Meanwhile, a Bosnian Muslim-Croat cease-fire commission resumed talks on 26 May amid an exchange of accusations of cease-fire violations. Radios Bosnia and Croatia report that both sides have agreed to release all prisoners detained during recent fighting, establish joint "civilian police forces" to patrol Mostar together with "EC police." Radio Croatia claims that Muslim forces have distributed pamphlets in Mostar promising to "destroy" the self-proclaimed Croatian Community of Herzeg- Bosna. Radio Bosnia reports several villages around Kiseljak have been burned down by Bosnian Croat forces, and captured Muslims "tortured, beaten up, murdered, and raped." On the diplomatic front, international mediator Thorvald Stoltenberg met with Bosnian President Alija Izetbegovic in Sarajevo. Stoltenberg reportedly assured Izetbegovic that the latest international "joint action plan" does not recognize the legalization of Serbian gains in Bosnia, and rejected Bosnian Muslim assertions that "safe havens" amount to "ethnic reservations." Western agencies report that Stoltenberg failed to alleviate Izetbegovic's misgivings. -Milan Andrejevich CHURCH URGES OUSTER OF SERBIAN LEADERS. After a week-long closed-door meeting in Belgrade, the Holy Synod of the Serbian Orthodox Church issued a sharp statement accusing the leaders of Serbia, as well as leaders of the Serb communities in Montenegro, Croatia, and Bosnia, of being "those most responsible" for the suffering of Serbs and other nationalities in the wars in the former Yugoslavia. The statement described current Serbian nationalist leaders as "products of the totalitarian and godless communist system" and said that they should be "peacefully replaced by better, more moral people." The statement also called for a government of national unity to guide the destiny of all Serbs in Serbia, Croatia, and Bosnia. and to prevent further divisions among the Serbian people. The church leaders also called for an end to the hostilities in Bosnia, and said that Muslims, Croats, and Serbs should all enjoy the right of self-determination. Radio B92 carried the report on 26 May. -Milan Andrejevich SLOVAKIA OPPOSED TO TIGHTER BORDER CONTROLS. Interior Minister Jozef Tuchyna told Cesky denik that Slovakia will not join Czech efforts to tighten border controls between the Czech Republic and Slovakia. The Czech daily quoted Tuchyna on 26 May as saying that such border controls are unnecessary and would violate treaties between the Czech Republic and Slovakia. Czech officials are planning to tighten the border because they fear that refugees trying to reach Germany from the former Soviet Union and the Balkans would be stranded in the Czech Republic after arriving via Slovakia. Under Germany's new asylum law, adopted on 26 May, hundreds of thousands refugees could be expelled to the countries through which they reached Germany. -Jiri Pehe SLOVAK, CZECH ASSOCIATION AGREEMENTS WITH EC. On 26 May in Brussels European Community and Slovak officials approved the final draft of Slovakia's association agreement with the EC, Slovak media report. The agreement should be initialed within two weeks and the final version signed this summer. CTK reports that representatives of the Czech Republic are expected to hold final talks on their country's association agreement with the EC in Brussels on 27 May. The two association agreements are to replace an association agreement signed by Czechoslovakia and the EC in 1991. -Jiri Pehe MEETING ON INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL AID FOR ROMANIA. Radio Bucharest reported that a meeting took place on 26 May in Bucharest to discuss practical steps for better coordinating international financial assistance to Romania. The meeting was attended by the chairman of Romania's Council for Coordination, Strategy and Reform, Misu Negritoiu, Finance Minister Florin Georgescu, Secretary of State in Charge of European Integration Napoleon Pop, and representatives of the World Bank, the IMF, the EBRD, the European Investment Bank, the PHARE program, and the US AID. Discussions focused on a special program for industrial restructuring and on ways to boost foreign investments in Romania. -Dan Ionescu ROMANIAN BROADCAST WORKERS TO STRIKE. A strike is expected to begin today in support of workers' demands for higher salaries and administrative changes. According to an RFE/RL correspondent in Bucharest, the Free Trade Union of Romanian Radio and TV has promised to ensure that one-third of normal broadcasting will continue during the strike. On 25 May union members voted overwhelmingly to strike until their demands are met. -Dan Ionescu MACEDONIAN FOREIGN MINISTER TO BUCHAREST. Stevo Crvenkovski, deputy premier and acting foreign minister of the Republic of Macedonia, paid a one-day visit to Bucharest on 25 May. Radio Bucharest reports that Crvenkovski discussed bilateral relations and the situation in former Yugoslavia with Foreign Minister Teodor Melescanu. He was also received by President Ion Iliescu, who recently visited Ljubljana, Zagreb, and Belgrade in an attempt to help mediate in the Yugoslav crisis. -Dan Ionescu BULGARIA: ECONOMIC ILLS COULD REINFORCE ETHNIC TENSION. Speaking at a seminar on minority rights in Warsaw organized by the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe, a Bulgarian official warned that the increasingly difficult economic situation may heighten tensions between the country's majority and minority communities, an RFE/RL correspondent reports. Ilona Tomova, a consultant on ethnic relations affiliated with Bulgaria's presidential office, told the seminar on 26 May that unemployment in regions in southern Bulgaria with ethnically mixed population is alarmingly high and minority groups have begun to complain about discrimination. Tomova said the Ministry of Labor has worked out several job-creation projects and retraining programs but so far lacks funds to implement them. She pointed out that minority rights nevertheless have been significantly strengthened in legislation adopted after 1989. -Kjell Engelbrekt GAGAUZ REJECT MOLDOVAN OFFER OF AUTONOMY. On 25 May Gagauz deputies walked out of the session of Moldova's parliament debating the future status of the Gagauz-inhabited area. The Moldovan and Gagauz leaders had previously ironed out a plan for national-territorial autonomy. During the debate, however, it became clear that the bill would fall short of the two-thirds majority required for passage. To help obtain a majority on 25 May the Moldovan leadership submitted a watered-down version of the bill providing for local administrative and cultural autonomy of the Gagauz and their proportional representation in central government-a concession still without par in postcommunist Eastern Europe. It was at that point that the Gagauz deputies walked out. -Vladimir Socor SHOKHIN IN UKRAINE. Russian Deputy Prime Minister Alexander Shokhin met with Ukraine's Acting Deputy Prime Minister Vasilii Yevtukhov on 26 May to discuss economic relations. The main points on the agenda were Russian supplies of natural gas to Ukraine, its cost, and its transport through Ukraine. On 27 May Ukrinform quoted Yevtukhov as saying that Russia and Ukraine have agreed in principle on the price of natural gas, and only a shortage of time prevented negotiators from putting their agreements into written form. Other local agencies suggest that agreement on price was not reached, however. Russia has decided to charge world prices for its oil and gas to the former Soviet republics and raised the price of its oil to Ukraine last week, making the increase retroactive from 1 April. Ustina Markus WORLD BANK DISCUSSES AID TO BELARUS. Basil Kavalsky, director of the World Bank's Europe and Central Asia Department, met with Belarusian officials on 24 May. At a press conference in Paris on the 26th, Kavalsky stated that Belarus may need as much as $1-billion per year in aid, AFP reports. Belarus receives 90% of its oil from Russia and has been hard hit by Russia's decision to charge world market prices.--Ustina Markus PLURALITY OF BELARUSIANS SUPPORT NEUTRALITY. A country-wide poll conducted on 24-27-April by the Belarusian "Public Opinion" service showed that 38% of the population supports parliament's recent decision to sign the CIS collective security agreement while 45% oppose the vote. In order to convince the legislature and the government of the error of its ways, Supreme Soviet Chairman Stanislau Shushkevich and the Popular Front opposition faction are currently working to organize a nationwide referendum to confirm or reject Belarus's principle of military neutrality. If the referendum is held, according to the poll results, 43% would vote in favor of neutrality, 31% for collective security, and 13% would not participate. Some 14-17% of Belarusians have not made up their minds on the issue of neutrality and the referendum.--Kathy Mihalisko LATVIA REPORTS 1,245,530 ELECTORS. Juris Dombrovskis, head of the Immigration and Citizenship Department told the Central Election Commission on 26-May that so far 2,438,949 residents of Latvia have been registered by his department; of these, 1,712,864 are citizens of Latvia, Radio Riga reports. There are more than 2.6 million persons living in Latvia. Dombrovskis also said that of those registered, 1,245,530 persons are eligible to vote-51% of Latvian residents. In addition, over 21,786 Latvian citizens were registered abroad (of these, 708 permanently reside in the CIS) and most of them are also eligible to vote. Dzintra Bungs CHEAP SUGAR FROM ABROAD SPOILS LATVIAN MARKET. Diena reported on 24 May that contraband sugar continues to reach Latvian markets and is being sold well under the normal prices, thereby undermining the salability of locally produced sugar. Aivars Gulbis of the Customs Department said that one explanation for the lower price may be that the transporters fail to pay customs on the sugar that they bring in. Briva zeme reported earlier this month that three Russian ships were carrying the cheap sugar to Latvia under the guise of transit goods and that some of this sugar seems to reach the Latvian markets. Meanwhile, some 700 workers at the sugar plant in Jelgava are threatened with layoffs. -Dzintra Bungs [As of 1200 CET] Compiled by Sheila Marnie and Charles Trumbull THE RFE/RL DAILY REPORT IS PRODUCED BY THE RFE/RL RESEARCH INSTITUTE (A DIVISION OF RADIO FREE EUROPE/RADIO LIBERTY, INC.) with the assistance of the RFE/RL News and Current Affairs Division (NCA). The report is available by electronic mail via LISTSERV (RFERL-L@UBVM.CC.BUFFALO.EDU), on the Sovset' computer bulletin board, by fax, and by postal mail. For inquiries about specific news items, subscriptions, or additional copies, please contact: in North America: Mr. Brian Reed, RFE/RL, Inc., 1201 Connecticut Avenue NW, Washington, DC-20036 Telephone: (202) 457-6912 or -6907; Fax: (202) 457-6992 or 828-8783; Internet: RIDC@RFERL.ORG or Elsewhere: Ms. Helga Hofer, Publications Department, RFE/RL Research Institute, Oettingenstrasse 67, 8000 Munich 22, Germany;.Telephone: (+49 89) 2102-2631 or -2624; Fax: (+49 89) 2102-2648, Internet: PD@RFERL.ORG 1993, RFE/RL, Inc. All rights reserved.
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