|It matters if you don't just give up. - Stephen Hawking|
No. 99, 26 May 1993
RUSSIA NEW DEVELOPMENTS IN PREPARATION OF RUSSIAN CONSTITUTION. 419 amendments have been proposed so far to President Boris Yeltsin's draft constitution, chief of the president's administration Sergei Filatov told journalists on 25 May. These amendments, most of which concern powers of the president as stipulated by the draft constitution, will be discussed at a Constitutional Assembly scheduled to open on 5 June. ITAR-TASS quoted Filatov as saying that 83 out of 89-Russia's republics and regions were basically supporting Yeltsin's draft. The secretary of the parliamentary Constitutional Commission, Oleg Rumyantsev, who is working on an alternative draft constitution, stated, however, that none of the 20 areas that have sent their suggestions about the new constitution to the parliamentary commission thought that Yeltsin's draft should be the basis of a new constitution. It is also known that at least 12 republics of the Russian Federation have strongly objected to the president's draft. Meanwhile, the hard-line National Salvation Front intends to convene on 3-June its own Constitutional Assembly to discuss the possiblity of adopting "a Soviet socialist constitution," the Russian media reported. -Vera Tolz LUKYANOV TO ATTEND CONSTITUTIONAL ASSEMBLY? ACCORDING TO AN OSTANKINO TV NEWSCAST OF 25 MAY, ONLY TWO POLITICAL GROUPINGS HAVE SO FAR OFFICIALLY REJECTED THE OFFER TO ATTEND THE CONSTITUTIONAL ASSEMBLY TO BE OPEN ON 5 JUNE: THE ORTHODOX COMMUNIST UNITED FRONT OF WORKERS AND THE ULTRA-NATIONALIST NATIONAL SALVATION FRONT. Yet another hard-core organization, the Russian All-People Union led by the leader of the conservative parliamentary opposition Sergei Baburin has opted to send Anatolii Lukyanov as its representative at the Constitutional Assembly, Russian TV reported the same day. Former chairman of the USSR Supreme Soviet and now on trial for his alleged involvement in the August 1991 attempted coup d'etat, Lukyanov is a specialist in constitutional law by training. -Julia Wishnevsky GAIDAR TO YAROSLAVL. Former acting Prime Minister Egor Gaidar has been invited, together with members of his economic institute to work out a reform program for the region of Yaroslavl, Rossiiskaya gazeta reported on 26 May. The local leaders of Yaroslavl want to follow the example of fruitfull cooperation between economist Grigorii Yavlinsky and the local authorities of Nizhnii Novgorod. Yaroslavl belongs to Russia's ten most economically progressive regions. The participation of Yavlinsky in Nizhnii Novgorod's economic reform policy has attracted attention and some Western capital investment. Gaidar, who is presently in Tokyo, said that Russian democrats are very close to the formation of a broadly-based "political structure" which will enable them to organize more efficiently, ITAR-TASS reported on 25 May. -Alexander Rahr TOKYO AND MOSCOW: MORE RECRIMINATIONS. Foreign Minister Andrei Kozyrev on 25-May criticized remarks made the previous day by Hiroshi Mitsuzuka, a leader of Japan's ruling Liberal Democratic Party. According to AFP, Kozyrev characterized Mitsuzuka's demand for a formal apology over Boris Yeltsin's twice postponed trip to Japan as "inappropriate" and "crude." Kozyrev's comments were seconded by Evgenii Ambartsumov, the head of the Russian parliament's committee on foreign relations. In Tokyo, meanwhile, visiting former acting Russian prime minister Yegor Gaidar told Liberal Democratic Party legislators that Russia could not resolve its longstanding dispute with Japan over disposition of the Kuril Islands until at least half of the Russian public backs such an agreement. As quoted by Kyodo on 25 May, he added that "democratic politicians cannot ignore three-quarters of the voters." Gaidar said that negotiations over the issue were also complicated by the confrontation between the executive and legislative branches in Russia, and he suggested that any initiatives made by Moscow could worsen Russia's domestic political confrontation. -Stephen Foye MILITARY DOCTRINE DELAYED AGAIN? THE CHAIRMAN OF THE PARLIAMENTARY COMMITTEE ON DEFENSE AND SECURITY, SERGEI STEPASHIN, TOLD ITAR-TASS ON 25-MAY THAT THE NEW DRAFT MILITARY DOCTRINE IS "JUST A DRAFT" BUT THAT HIS COMMITTEE HAS ALREADY HELD PRELIMINARY HEARINGS ON IT. Apparently the committee is not pleased with the draft, since Stepashin noted that it is still being revised and further developed so that it can again be examined by the Russian Security Council and then the parliament sometime in the fall. Stepashin stressed that the new doctrine had to emphasize "human aspects" of military policy and the impermissibility of the use of force to resolve political problems. Stepashin's comments are rather unexpected, as work on the doctrine was supposedly completed over a month ago, and in Krasnaya zvezda on 25 May Defense Minister Pavel Grachev stated that the Security Council had already examined the political side of the doctrine, and only the military-technical side remained to be considered. Grachev also claimed that the combat readiness of the military had increased significantly over the past year, although he admitted that substantial problems remained. -John Lepingwell MORE ON GOVERNMENT-CENTRAL BANK DECLARATION. Further details were released on 25 May of the agreement reached last week between the government and the Central Bank. ITAR-TASS cited extracts from the text of the document, and Russian and Western agencies reported Deputy Prime Minister Boris Fedorov's elaborations at a news conference in Moscow. Among the measures proposed to reduce the budget deficit to about 11 trillion rubles are a 40% reduction in import subsidies starting 4 June, unspecified cuts in subsidies on coal and bread, and a possible moratorium on additional government spending during the second half of the year. The Bank will set its base rate 7 percentage points below the market rate and will not intervene to support the exchange rate. Enterprises will henceforth have to seek credits through the government and not through the Central Bank. Fedorov hoped to reduce inflation to 5% a month by the end of 1993. -Keith Bush LATEST FIGURES ON INCOME AND POVERTY IN RUSSIA. According to Goskomstat figures, reported by ITAR-TASS on 25 May, the increase in nominal money income was lower than the increase in consumer prices in the first quarter of 1993: money income rose by 1.4-times, and prices by 1.9 times. The subsistence level in March was calculated to be approximately 8,000 rubles (monthy per capita income). One in three Russians had an average per capita income below this, and 42% of all families with children under 16 were living below the poverty line. (24% of families with one child, 47% of those with two children, and 72% of those with three or more children.) The position of non-working pensioners and invalids also remains critical. -Sheila Marnie RUBLE FALLS FURTHER. At the 25 May session of the Moscow Interbank Currency Exchange, the ruble fell to 960 to the dollar, against 940 rubles on 20 May, Western agencies reported. The Russian Central Bank was reported to have intervened to support the ruble, despite the pledge contained in last week's agreement between the bank and the government. -Keith Bush TATARSTAN PARLIAMENT ON DRAFT RUSSIAN CONSTITUTION. The Tatarstan parliament adopted a resolution on 25 May stating that work on the draft Russian constitution should continue taking account of the "unifying principles" of the presidential and parliamentary drafts and the proposals of the subjects of the federation, ITAR-TASS reported. The parliament also decided that the federal organs of the Russian Federation must accord official recognition to Tatarstan's new state status, and that the draft constitution must include reference to the "treaty-constitutional relations" between Tatarstan and Russia. The question of Tatarstan's "state status" has been the sticking point in talks between Moscow and Tatarstan that have been going on for over a year now with no real sign of a compromise. -Ann Sheehy COMMONWEALTH OF INDEPENDENT STATES UKRAINIAN DEFENSE MINISTRY DENIES DISMISSAL OF NAVY COMMANDER. A spokesman for the Ukrainian Defense Ministry, Aleksandr Kluban, denied that Vice-Admiral Boris Kozhin is to be dismissed for violations of the Yalta agreements on the Black Sea Fleet, ITAR-TASS reported on 25 May. However, ITAR-TASS and other Russian media were still reporting that sources in Moscow and Sevastopol expect Vice-Admiral Vladimir Beskaravainii to retire from the Russian navy and join that of Ukraine, despite the denials that he is to take over Kozhin's position. An RFE/RL correspondent reports that the first deputy chairman of the Ukrainian parliament, Vasyl Durdynets, stated during a visit to Washington that the dispute over the fleet can be solved, although he reiterated Ukraine's refusal to allow Russia a naval base at Sevastopol. -Ustina Markus and John Lepingwell GRACHEV COMMENTS ON THE BLACK SEA FLEET DISPUTE. Russian Defense Minister Pavel Grachev on 25 May stated that the situation in the Black Sea Fleet "should not be dramatized." He noted that under the Yalta and Dagomys agreements the Ukrainian and Russian Defense Ministers do not command the fleet since it is directly subordinate to the presidents of the two states. From this perspective, Ukrainian Defense Minister Konstantin Morozov's 20 May order that the ships flying the Russian naval ensign be removed from Ukrainian waters would seem to be invalid. He noted that a meeting between Yeltsin and Kravchuk might be held in order to attempt to resolve the problem. Grachev's comments were reported in Krasnaya zvezda on 25 May. Russian TV has also tended to devote little time to the dispute over the fleet, suggesting that the situation is not yet critical. -John Lepingwell TRANSCAUCASIA AND CENTRAL ASIA RUSSIA, TAJIKISTAN SIGN FRIENDSHIP TREATY. On 25 May Russian President Boris Yeltsin and Tajik parliament chairman Imomali Rakhmonov signed a treaty on friendship, cooperation, and mutual assistance plus seven other agreements on economic, scientific, and technical cooperation and on the status of Russian frontier troops in Tajikistan, ITAR-TASS reported. -Liz Fuller YELTSIN, TER-PETROSSYAN DISCUSS BILATERAL RELATIONS, KARABAKH. Yeltsin held talks in Moscow on 25 May with his Armenian counterpart Levon Ter-Petrossyan, ITAR-TASS reported. The topics discussed included bilateral relations and a possible reduction in the number of Russian troops stationed in Armenia. Although the original agenda did not provide for discussion of the Nagorno-Karabakh war, the two men both called for the immediate implementation of UN resolution 822 on Karabakh, which foresees an immediate ceasefire, the withdrawal of Armenian forces from the occupied Azerbaijani region of Kelbadzhar, and an end to the economic blockade of Armenia. This latter point does not figure in the joint US-Russian-Turkish peace proposal, to which official responses are due today. Armenian First Deputy Foreign Minister Zhirair Liparidian is quoted by ITAR-TASS as having stated in an interview in the newspaper Hayastani Hanrabedutyun on 25 May that Armenia had not yet come to a decision on whether or not to endorse the plan. -Liz Fuller CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE BOSNIAN AND CROATIAN UPDATE. The BBC on 26-May reports that the UN Security Council voted the previous night to set up an international war crimes tribunal for the Yugoslav area. It would be the first such body since the Nuremberg trials, but many observers have suggested that it would have tough going for a number of reasons. These include the difficulty in collecting information against the Serbs in areas under their control and the virtual impossibility of bringing Serbian officials still in power to trial. Meanwhile, Sarajevo Radio said on 25 May that the Serb offensive against Maglaj in north-central Bosnia continued into its fourth day, while the Croatian news agency Hina says that Serbian units have been "staging provocations" in the Gospic area of the Krajina. That same day the BBC's Croatian Service reported on new tensions between Croatia and Slovenia over the former's setting up a new border post in an area that the latter claims. The Slovene foreign ministry warned the Croats of unspecified countermeasures unless work ceases, but the Croats are anxious to finish the job in time for the summer tourist traffic. Relations between the two republics are strained ostensibly by a number of such essentially minor issues, but the real reason is the mistrust stemming from each side's perception that the other left it in the lurch in their 1991 wars for independence. -Patrick Moore KOSOVO DEVELOPMENTS. On 21 May Ibrahim Rugova, president of the self-proclaimed Republic of Kosovo, told reporters that the founding session of parliament will be held "at the most opportune moment" because of "pressure from abroad to do this soon." Kosovo Albanians are not demanding unification with Albania, he said, but rather just an independent Kosovo, and Albanians do not intend to pay for independence by waging war. Meanwhile, Kosovo "prime minister" Bujar Bukosi has introduced a new 8point peace plan. According to Borba on 22 May, the new plan differs from an earlier 10-point proposal in that it calls for Kosovo to be placed under international protection and drops claims for the Albanians' right to self-determination. Bukosi also reiterated Albanian accusations of Serbian ethnic cleansing in the region. On 25 May Vitalii Churkin, Russia's special envoy for Bosnia, met with Rugova and top Kosovo Serb officials in Pristina. Rugova expressed satisfaction with the talks, while Churkin urged the granting of greater autonomy for Kosovo within the framework of Serbia and urged Serbs to respect human rights, but warned against secession. ITAR-TASS quotes Churkin as suggesting that most of the accusations leveled at the Serbs regarding oppression of the Albanians "are simply made up." -Milan Andrejevich DRASKOVIC SAYS SESELJ WILL "SET KOSOVO ABLAZE." Vuk Draskovic, leader of the opposition Serbian Renewal Movement (SPO), told a gathering of supporters in central Serbia on 24 May that Serbian nationalist "madmen" have already started to implement plans "to set Kosovo ablaze." He was referring to politicians like Radical Party chief Vojislav Seselj and paramilitary leaders such as Zeljko Raznjatovic, alias Arkan. Draskovic accused Seselj of responsibility for the 22 May attack on a Serbian police patrol in the Kosovo town of Glogovac. On 22 May Borba published a statement by the SPO Council for Security claiming that Seselj is spreading the war to Kosovo and accusing him of "bloody anti-Serbian meddling" in Croatia and Bosnia. The SRO alleges that Seselj is under instructions from Croatian President Franjo Tudjman, explaining that when unrest flares up in Kosovo, the Croatian Army plans to move against the self-proclaimed Republic of Serbian Krajina. -Milan Andrejevich POLISH COALITION GEARS UP FOR DISMISSAL VOTE. Poland's parliamentary leadership resolved to hold the debate on Solidarity's motion to dismiss the government on 27 May, with the no-confidence vote itself to follow on 28 May. The government has apparently decided not to stage official talks with any opposition parties before the no-confidence vote, though informal bargaining continues behind the scenes. The former communist Social Democracy of the Polish Republic (SdRP), whose chief preoccupation seems to be to force the government to admit its dependence on postcommunist votes, announced on 26 May that it will vote for the government's dismissal. This announcement followed a meeting of coalition and opposition parties with Prime Minister Hanna Suchocka on 25 May. Suchocka used the meeting to repeat her proposal to negotiate a "nonaggression pact" with the opposition but offered no new concessions. Attention has now turned to the two remaining undecided parties, the Polish Peasant Party (PSL) and the Peasant Alliance. Polish TV reports that coalition leaders met with PSL officials on 25 May. -Louisa Vinton CONSTITUTIONAL DISPUTE FLARES IN POLAND. The imminent no-confidence vote has sparked a new conflict between the Sejm and President Lech Walesa. The dispute centers on constitutional stipulations about the consequences of a successful no-confidence vote. In a clause designed to prevent frivolous attempts to dismiss the government, the "little constitution" requires the Sejm to select a new prime minister "simultaneously" with the no-confidence vote. If it fails to do so, the vote is deemed "unconstructive" and power shifts to the president, who can then choose to dissolve parliament or name his own candidate for prime minister. The Sejm's rules of order interpret "simultaneously" as meaning during the same parliamentary session; individual sessions usually last several days but can also be suspended for weeks. The president's office, in contrast, argues that "simultaneous" means that a "constructive" no-confidence motion must contain the name of a new candidate. Solidarity proposed no such candidate. Although the opposition is unlikely to unite around a single candidate in any case, the dispute has important implications. The government hopes to use the parliament's fear of immediate presidential action to encourage deputies to vote down the no-confidence motion. -Louisa Vinton NEW SLOVAK PARTY SEEKS REGISTRATION. Slovak TV reports that on 24 May former foreign minister and deputy chairman of the ruling Movement for a Democratic Slovakia Milan Knazko asked the Interior Ministry to register a new party, the Alliance of Democrats. In a televised interview, Knazko said that the preparatory committee of the Alliance has been receiving hundreds of letters every day supporting the new party. Knazko said that the party will have a right-of-center/liberal orientation and that the first party congress, scheduled for 26 June, will adopt a program designed to challenge the current government policy. Knazko was forced to resign as foreign minister after disputes with Prime Minister Vladimir Meciar. He left the MDS in April and formed a club of independent deputies in the National Council of the Slovak Republic. The club currently has 8 members. -Jan Obrman POPULARITY OF MECIAR PARTY DROPS. Only 15% of Slovak voters support the Movement for a Democratic Slovakia of Prime Minister Meciar, according to an opinion poll conducted in April by the Slovak Statistical Office. In comparison, in February the party was supported by 22% and in March by 20% of the respondents in opinion polls conducted by the same organization. TASR reports that the Party of the Democratic Left is also supported by 15% of the respondents; the Slovak National Party is third with 9%, followed by the Christian Democratic Movement of Jan Carnogursky, the former prime minister, which has the support of only 6% of voters. Some 39% of the respondents say they do not support any political party. According to the same poll, President Michal Kovac is the most popular politician in Slovakia; he is trusted by 22% of Slovaks (29% in March). Meciar, in second place, has the trust of 21% of Slovaks (27% in March), followed by the chairman of the Party of the Democratic Left, Peter Weiss with 18% (24% in March). -Jiri Pehe HAVEL BACK FROM GREECE. Czech President Vaclav Havel returned to Prague from a three-day visit of Greece on 25 May. Speaking to CTK before his departure from Athens, Havel said that Greece will support the Czech policy of speedy integration with European structures. According to Havel, Greece realizes that "it is in the interest of all of Europe that the East European countries become part of democratic Europe and its institutions as quickly as possible." Greek Prime Minister Konstantin Mitsotakis told reporters at a press conference after his meeting with Havel, that the Czech Republic "is entitled to closer ties with the EC and NATO." -Jiri Pehe ANTALL BACK FROM COPENHAGEN. During a two-day visit to Denmark, Prime Minister Jozsef Antall held talks with Premier Poul Nyrup Rasmussen, who currently holds the EC presidency, and parliamentarians, Radio Budapest and MTI report on 25 May. Antall said the EC should stop treating the East Central European countries as a bloc and should send Hungary a "concrete and encouraging" message at the forthcoming June EC summit in Copenhagen; in his view, it is "realistic" to believe that Hungary will become an EC member during the present decade. Denmark, the first EC member state to ratify Hungary's association treaty with the community, supports Hungary's bid for full EC membership which, in its view, can occur only after 1996, following the admission of Sweden, Finland, Norway, and Austria. -Alfred Reisch BEROV SLAMS BROADCAST MEDIA. On 25 May Prime Minister Lyuben Berov sharply attacked Bulgarian Radio and TV for practices "lowering the prestige of journalism and inciting tension in society," BTA reports. Summoning top broadcast media representatives to his office, Berov protested against allegations that he had initially tried to prevent visiting Spanish King Juan Carlos from addressing the National Assembly, as well as a report that he and President Zhelyu Zhelev had been heckled by monarchist demonstrators. Borislav Dzhamdzhiev, head of First Channel of the Bulgarian National Radio, told reporters that there had been no "pulling of ears" during the meeting, but that Berov had complained about "certain tendentious malevolence" in recent coverage of government affairs. In defending the media, Dzhamdzhiev pointed out that the claim that the premier has sought to stop the Spanish monarch from speaking in parliament originated in the Spanish daily ABC, and that TV footage clearly showed crowds jeering at Zhelev and Berov. In an editorial on 26 May, Otechestven vestnik categorized Berov's interference as an outright attempt to censor domestic media. -Kjell Engelbrekt ROMANIAN TV CHIEF UNDER FIRE. On 25 May Romania's main democratic opposition parties asked President Ion Iliescu to dismiss Paul Everac as Director-General of Romanian Television, Evenimentul zilei reports. The appeal was signed by the National Salvation Front, the National Peasant Party Christian Democratic, the Hungarian Democratic Federation of Romania, the Party of Civic Alliance, the Liberal Party and the Romanian Ecologist Party. It was also joined by the National Trade Union Bloc and the Free Trade Union of Romanian Radio and TV. The letter of the parliamentary democratic parties condemns what it calls the "violence of communist restoration" and the extreme nationalist positions of Everac. In a separate letter to Iliescu Chief Rabbi Moses Rosen also urged Everac's dismissal, mentioning Everac's frequent anti-Semitic outbursts. A spokesman for the ruling Democratic National Salvation Front dismissed the demands, saying "Everac has a right to his views." -Michael Shafir ROMANIAN UNIONS TO MERGE. The National Confederation of Free Trade Unions, Romania's largest trade union grouping, decided on 25 May to unite with other unions to create a powerful federation aimed at better protecting workers, Western agencies report. The plan for unification was approved by the confederation's steering committee one day after Fratia, the second-largest trade union, voted to do the same. Details of the merger are to be worked out at a planned joint congress next month. -Michael Shafir ROMANIA APPEALS FOR RELEASE OF DNIESTR TRIAL DEFENDANTS. On 25 May the Romanian parliament asked the international community to bring pressure on officials in Moldova's self-styled "Dniestr republic" to halt the trial of the six ethnic Romanian Moldovans charged with terrorist acts, Rompres reports. The resolution was endorsed by all parties represented in the parliament. -Michael Shafir UKRAINE AWAITS SECURITY GUARANTEES. Parliament First Deputy Chairman Vasyl Durdynets, heading a delegation of parliamentary deputies on a two-week visit to the United States, says that Ukraine is still waiting for security guarantees before it relinquishes its nuclear weapons, an RFE/RL correspondent reported on 26-May. The guarantees must be set out in "a legally binding document adopted by the nuclear powers, especially by Russia and the United States." Among Kiev's conditions are that the nuclear powers respect Ukrainian sovereignty and territorial integrity. -Ustina Markus RUSSIA TO CUT OIL TO BELARUS. Anatolii Mordashov, the head of the Belarusian State Oil and Gas Committee, said that Russia will cut oil deliveries to Belarus from 1 million to 350,000 tons per month because of Belarus's mounting debts, Reuters reported on 25 May. It is estimated that Belarus owes Russia $350-million. Currently Belarus receives 90% of its oil from Russia. Earlier Supreme Soviet Chairman Stanislau Shushkevich, criticized parliament for its willingness to sign on to the CIS collective security pact because of the republic's dependence on cheap oil from Russia. -Ustina Markus ESTONIA ENDORSES PLAN TO RESETTLE RUSSIAN OFFICERS. Prime Minister Mart Laar announced that Estonia has approved a plan to build a 60-apartment house in Kingisepp in the Leningrad region for retired Russian officers now living in Narva, BNS reported on 25-May. The Migration Fund will allocate 990,000 kroons ($70,000) for the project , and this sum will be supplemented by contributions by the officers and the Narva municipality. Part of the expenses will be offset by selling the residences the officers now occupy. -Saulius Girnius LITHUANIAN ECONOMIC-SOCIAL POLICY PROTESTED. On 25 May the Lithuanian Union of Workers organized a day-long rally around parliament attended by several thousand people, mostly pensioners, Radio Lithuania reports. The demonstrators protested the government's economic and social policy, demanding "Jobs, Bread, and Justice." On 24 May President Algirdas Brazauskas and Prime Minister Adolfas Slezevicius dismissed the rally as a political action to destabilize the situation in the country. The 100,000-member union plans another action at the end of June if its demands are not met. -Saulius Girnius SUPREME COUNCIL REJECTS MOTION TO DISMISS GODMANIS. At the plenary session on 25 May the Latvian Supreme Council decided not to consider a draft resolution by 21-deputies calling for a vote of no-confidence in Prime Minister Ivars Godmanis, Diena reports. The resolution also proposed that until a new government is formed, Supreme Council Chairman Anatolijs Gorbunovs take on the duties of prime minister. Although the vote was 24-64-35, it was not a real victory for Godmanis. Many who voted against the resolution said that the Supreme Council should have considered a no-confidence vote many months ago and feel that such an action now would only destabilize the country on the eve of parliamentary elections. The Supreme Council is to hold its last preelection plenary session on 1 June. -Dzintra Bungs NONFERROUS METAL THEFTS IN LATVIA, LITHUANIA. Arijs Sinats of Latvian Railroads told Diena on 21 May that all reserve materials have been used up after replacing all stolen cables and equipment. The thefts have caused significant interruptions in railroad service, and Sinats said that he expects the situation to worsen. In 1993 over 30 tons of nonferrous metals were stolen from the Latvian Railroads; 83.4 tons were taken in 1992. Metal thieves are a problem in Lithuania as well, where they focus on telephone cables. On 27-April telephone cables were cut and stolen from a medical complex in Vilnius, and doctors could not be reached for nearly 24 hours. The most daring thefts took place early in May in Klaipeda, where international telephone lines were cut three times, Baltic media reported on 21 May. -Dzintra Bungs [As of 1200 CET] Compiled by Suzanne Crow and Charles Trumbull THE RFE/RL DAILY REPORT IS PRODUCED BY THE RFE/RL RESEARCH INSTITUTE (A DIVISION OF RADIO FREE EUROPE/RADIO LIBERTY, INC.) with the assistance of the RFE/RL News and Current Affairs Division (NCA). The report is available by electronic mail via LISTSERV (RFERL-L@UBVM.CC.BUFFALO.EDU), on the Sovset' computer bulletin board, by fax, and by postal mail. For inquiries about specific news items, subscriptions, or additional copies, please contact: in North America: Mr. Brian Reed, RFE/RL, Inc., 1201 Connecticut Avenue NW, Washington, DC-20036 Telephone: (202) 457-6912 or -6907; Fax: (202) 457-6992 or 828-8783; Internet: RIDC@RFERL.ORG or Elsewhere: Ms. Helga Hofer, Publications Department, RFE/RL Research Institute, Oettingenstrasse 67, 8000 Munich 22, Germany;.Telephone: (+49 89) 2102-2631 or -2624; Fax: (+49 89) 2102-2648, Internet: PD@RFERL.ORG 1993, RFE/RL, Inc. All rights reserved.RFE/RL Daily Report A Publication of the RFE/RL Research Institute
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