|This communicating of a man's self to his friend works two contrary effects; for it redoubleth joy, and cutteth griefs in half. - Francis Bacon|
No. 98, 25 May 1993
RUSSIA PARTIES, ORGANIZATIONS INVITED TO CONSTITUTIONAL ASSEMBLY. One hundred and seventeen political, trade union, and cultural organizations have been officially invited to send their representatives to the constitutional assembly which starts its work on 5-June, Nezavisimaya gazeta reported on 25-May. The political parties are represented by 34-organizations, among them many radical ones, such as the Liberal-Democratic Party of Vladimir Zhirinovsky and the Conservative Party of Lev Ubozhko. The constitutional assembly will include 16 democratic parties, 11 anti-Yeltsin parties, and 4 centrist parties. According to a prelimary analysis, Russian President Boris Yeltsin may count on strong support from the membership of the session. The danger exists, however, that radicals, such as Zhirinovsky could lead the assembly away from constructive work. The constitutional assembly may become a test for how a future new parliament will work. -Alexander Rahr ATTENDANCE AT CONSTITUTIONAL ASSEMBLY. Radio Echo of Moscow learned on 24-May from President Yeltsin's administration that to date five republics and 12-krais and oblasts had confirmed their particiption in Yeltsin's constitutional assembly. The republics are Dagestan, Kalmykia, Bashkortostan, North Ossetia, and Komi. Almost all the independent trade unions and the heads of administration of 13-regions and representatives of 6 religious confessions have also confirmed their participation. -Ann Sheehy IMF LOAN FOR RUSSIA TO GO TO NEIGHBORS? RUSSIAN DEPUTY PRIME MINISTER ALEXANDER SHOKHIN SUGGESTED AT A NEWS CONFERENCE IN MOSCOW THAT THE BEST USE OF SOME $3-BILLION FROM THE INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND (ANTICIPATED TO BECOME AVAILABLE TO RUSSIA SOON) MAY BE TO TRANSFER IT TO OTHER CIS STATES SO THAT THEY CAN PAY OFF BILLS TO RUSSIA, REUTERS REPORTED ON 24 MAY. Such a policy, Shokhin said, would also permit Russia to charge its Commonwealth neighbors world prices, instead of the current highly subsidized ones, for oil and gas exports and, in turn, to reduce its own debts to Western creditors -Erik Whitlock YELTSIN ISSUES DECREE REGULATING MASS RALLIES. On 24 May, Russian President Boris Yeltsin issued a decree stipulating stricter procedures for groups wishing to obtain government permits to hold mass rallies, Russian Television reported. The new regulations follow violent clashes in Moscow on 1 May between the police and communist demonstrators. The regulations, referred to in the decree as "provisional instructions," require organizers of demonstrations to submit a detailed request to municipal officials between ten and fifteen days before the event. The application must contain the date, the form and size of the rally as well as the names of official organizers. The decree said government officials could turn down requests if one rally would confict with another simultaneous gathering, if a demonstration threatens the normal operation of enterprises and public transport, or if it threatens the rights and freedoms of citizens. -Vera Tolz GAIDAR'S COMBACK MAY SPLIT GOVERNMENT. Presidential spokesman Vyachselav Kostikov told journalists on 19 May that President Boris Yeltsin will not return the former acting prime minister, Egor Gaidar, to the present government because such a step could split the cabinet. He said that Vice President Aleksandr Rutskoi has damaged his career and has no chance to win in future elections, Izvestiya reported on 21 May. He stated that after the departure of the Security Council Secretary Yurii Skokov, who opposed Yeltsin, no major personnel changes are to be expected. He claimed that Yeltsin should not repeat the previous mistake of meeting parliamentary speaker Ruslan Khasbulatov because the two politicians have different legitimacies. Such a meeting could boost Khasbulatov's status, he said. -Alexander Rahr GAIDAR IN TOKYO; SPARRING OVER AID, VISIT, INDUSTRIAL COOPERATION. In a meeting with former acting Russian Prime Minister Egor Gaidar on 24 May, a senior member of Japan's ruling Liberal Democratic Party called on Boris Yeltsin to apologize for twice canceling planned trips to Japan, AFP reported. Hiroshi Mitsuzuka was quoted as saying that an apology, and a visit, would do much "to restore relations of trust" between the two countries. According to ITAR-TASS, the two discussed ways of resolving the Kuril Islands dispute and potential economic cooperation. On 20-May, AFP reported that Japan would provide medical and food aid worth some 20 million yen to inhabitants of the Kuril Islands. Meanwhile, AFP reported out of Tokyo on 22 May that Japanese and Russian civil aviation industry representatives have agreed to develop jointly engines for supersonic aircraft. According to AFP, the Asashi Shimbun reported the same day that the two sides had also agreed that Russian managers would be trained in Japan, while Japanese engineers would be granted access to Russian research facilities. -Stephen Foye KOZYREV ON SERBIA, INTERESTS. Foreign Minister Andrei Kozyrev told reporters on board his flight from Washington to Moscow on 24 May that Russia must pursue a balanced approach in attempting to settle the conflict in the former Yugoslavia. He admitted that Russia has a "special affinity" toward Serbia, but insisted that Russia's policies are balanced. During the same interview, Kozyrev expressed outrage at on-going Croatian military action in Mostar and described this activity as "cheating" on the peace process, Mayak Radio reported. Meanwhile, Deputy Foreign Minister Vitalii Churkin traveled to Belgrade on 24 May to discuss the new peace plan for Bosnia. Churkin met first with leader of the Bosnian Serbs Radovan Karadzic, Western agencies reported. -Suzanne Crow SECOND CONGRESS OF OSSETIAN PEOPLE. The Second Congress of the Ossetian People, which ended in Vladikavkaz on 22 May, adopted a number of documents concerning the preservation of the territorial integrity of Ossetia, economic and political reforms, and questions of national rebirth, ITAR-TASS reported. Particular attention was paid to ways of integrating the economy of North and South Ossetia. The speaker of the North Ossetian parliament, Akhsarbek Galazov, reiterated that there could be no question of territorial realignments in the foreseeable future. Altogether 644 delegates took part in the congress, including representatives of the Ossetian diaspora from Moscow, St. Petersburg, and other parts of the former USSR, as well as guests from Turkey and Sweden. -Ann Sheehy STATE OF EMERGENCY IN DAGESTANI RAION. The situation remains tense in the Khasavyurt raion of Dagestan where a state of emergency was introduced for one month on 17-May, Ekho Moskvy reported on 24-May. A dispute over land led to an armed clash between local Dargins and Kumyks, in which one person was killed and others wounded. -Ann Sheehy COMMONWEALTH OF INDEPENDENT STATES REPORTS THAT SOME CIS COUNTRIES WANT TO BECOME PART OF RUSSIA DENIED. The head of the Russian government's press service Valentin Sergeev said on 22 May that an Interfax report on 21 May that Russian Prime Minister Viktor Chernomyrdin had said in Ulyanovsk that some CIS countries wanted to become part of Russia was incorrect, ITAR-TASS reported. Tajik Foreign Minister Rashid Alimov said that Tajikistan, also named in the report as one of these countries, also issued a denial. -Ann Sheehy TRANSCAUCASIA AND CENTRAL ASIA UZBEK OPPOSITION LEADER FIRED. Nuclear scientist Damin Narzykulov, one of the leaders of the Uzbek opposition movement Birlik, has been dismissed from his post at the Uzbek Academy of Sciences Institute of Nuclear Physics, according to a report from RFE/RL's Uzbek Language Service. Narzykulov was told by the Institute's director, Begzod Yulgashev, that he himself would have lost his job had he refused to dismiss Narzykulov. -Liz Fuller ELCHIBEY ORDERS CEASEFIRE IN KARABAKH. The head of the Azerbaijani Presidential Press Service, Arif Aliev, announced at a press briefing in Baku on 24-May that Azerbaijan had decided on a unilateral ceasefire in Karabakh from 24-29 May, AzerTadzh reported. This decision is intended to create conditions for the implementation of the US-Russian-Turkish peace plan between 29 May-3 June. The plan, which is scheduled to be signed on 26 May, provides for the withdrawal of Armenian forces from the Kelbadzhar region which they occupied in early April. -Liz Fuller ANTI-GOVERNMENT DEMONSTRATION IN WESTERN GEORGIA. Supporters of ousted Georgian president Zviad Gamsakhurdia disrupted a ceremony in the west Georgian town of Abasha on 23 May to mark the centenary of the birth of Zviad's novelist father Konstantine and staged a protest demonstration calling for the resignation of the present Georgian government, ITAR-TASS reported. In a further manifestation of public discontent, some 100-faculty members of Tbilisi State University published an open letter to parliament chairman Eduard Shevardnadze condemning flagrant human rights violations and calling on Shevardnadze to resign. -Liz Fuller INDIAN PRIME MINISTER VISITS UZBEKISTAN. Addressing a news conference in Tashkent on 24 May at the end of his two-day visit, Indian Prime Minister P.V. Narasimha Rao stated that India and Uzbekistan had agreed to work together to combat "state-sponsored terrorism" and arms and drug trafficking, Western agencies reported. The two sides also signed agreements whereby India will provide $10 million in credits to Indian companies wishing to export to Uzbekistan and to install technology enabling Indian television to be received in Tashkent. -Liz Fuller UZBEK PRESIDENT ACCUSES KYRGYZSTAN OF "SUBVERSION". At his joint press conference on 24-May with the visiting Indian Prime Minister, Uzbek President Islam Karimov denounced the introduction by Kyrgyzstan of its own currency as "political subversion directed against Uzbekistan," and threatened unspecified "definite and strong measures" in retaliation, Western agencies reported. Uzbekistan responded initially to the Kyrgyz decision by cutting transport and telephone links with Kyrgyzstan, but restored them last week. -Liz Fuller CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE VOCAL OPPOSITION TO NEW PLAN FOR BOSNIA-.-.-. International media on 24 and 25-May reported on the frequently negative discussion in the United States and in Britain over the statement issued on 22 May by the US, the UK, Russia, France, and Spain. The BBC's Croatian Service on 24 May quoted passages from British editorials using expressions such as: "Chamberlain" and "Greater Serbia is now a reality." At the United Nations, Islamic member states roundly condemned the proposal, while Bosnia's foreign minister said that his government will not allow additional peace-keepers to be stationed to protect the six "safe areas," which the Muslims liken to reservations or concentration camps. The Croatian news agency Hina on 25 May quotes a Bosnian government statement from the previous evening arguing that the new plan increases Russian influence in the Balkans. The Chicago Tribune reports remarks by the director of UN relief operations in Bosnia, Jose Maria Mendiluce, to the effect that the safe havens would be "ghettos" and economically nonviable, requiring a massive effort by the international community to keep them alive. Finally, the semiofficial Croatian daily Vjesnik on 24 May condemned the five signatories as being "powerless in trying to confront the violence, crime, genocide, and fascism" in Bosnia. That same paper on 25 May says that "the Washington five" have opted for Greater Serbia as a stabilizing factor in the Balkans. -Patrick Moore .-.-.-BUT ALSO SOME POSITIVE COMMENTS. Reuters on 24 May cited a congressional source as noting that "no western leader was prepared to put the kind of resources into the Balkans necessary to roll back Serbian aggression." The 25 May New York Times quotes a British diplomat as saying that the plan does not rule out making the Serbs give up some of their gains later: "We must take this one step at a time. First we adopt the resolutions, and then we'll see," he said. Belgrade's Radio Yugoslavia ran a commentary on 24-May in which it concluded that the new approach shows that "things are moving toward reality." The Los Angeles Times on 24 May quotes Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic as saying that the plan shows a "more realistic" orientation by the international community, adding that President Bill Clinton "is going to be a great president because he rejected the advice of all these warmongers who wanted to push the US-.-.-. into a Bosnian civil war." -Patrick Moore TOP-LEVEL TURKISH DELEGATION IN CROATIA. Hina reported on 24 May that a Croatian deputy prime minister appeared with his guests on television that evening. The Turks' apparent mission is to promote harmony between Croats and Muslims, who have again clashed in the past weeks in the Mostar area and elsewhere in Herzegovina. Reuters notes that a peace panel that had brought the two sides together in the Herzegovinian capital broke up when the Croats accused the Muslims of not living up to an agreement on prisoner exchanges and withdrawal of armed forces reached in Medjugorje the previous week. The Croats added that the Muslims are stalling for time and still hoping to attract international intervention on their behalf. The Muslims replied by denying the charges and inviting observers to come and verify their claims. Mostar is now divided into a Croatian western half and a Muslim eastern portion along the Neretva river, and on 25 May Hina quotes Croatian church officials as claiming that the Muslims have destroyed 23 of 29-Croatian villages in the Neretvica valley since late March. Finally, Reuters said on 24 May that UN officials report that a current Serb offensive against Maglaj in north central Bosnia could endanger the lives of 32,000 civilians trapped there. -Patrick Moore CROATIA'S DRAVA HYDROELECTRIC PLANT. According to Minister of Construction and Environmental Protection Predrag Sibalic, Croatia still favors the construction of another hydroelectric plant on the Drava River, as agreed in a 1988 accord between Yugoslavia and Hungary, MTI reported on 22 May. At the same time he called for a preliminary environmental survey to preclude ecological damage. Nandor Rott, chairman of Hungary's parliamentary environmental protection committee, said he cannot imagine an ecologically protected region where hydroelectric plants are being built. Martin Schneider, the director of the European National Heritage Foundation, said no more such plants should be built on the Drava and called for the urgent creation of a Danube-Drava national park. -Alfred Reisch SERBIA APPLIES RESTRICTIONS ON REFUGEES. Radio Serbia reports on 24 May that the government is applying new laws restricting the influx and movement of Bosnian refugees. The measures, first proposed in February, are to go into effect immediately. Unregistered refugees are now to be sent to centers along the Serbian-Bosnian border. Some 150,000 Bosnians are classified by Serbian officials as unregistered foreigners "with no right to aid." (There are officially 320,000 refugees from Bosnia, about 80% are ethnic Serbs). Restrictions on freedom of movement, i.e. change of residence, have also been applied on legally registered refugees as well. Another new law stipulates that henceforth Serbia will only accept refugees "from regions directly threatened by war." According to Radio B92 the new refugee policy appears to be an effort to ease the economic burden on the country of refugees and may also signal Serbia's displeasure with the Bosnian Serbs' rejection of the Vance-Owen peace plan. -Milan Andrejevich SUCHOCKA REJECTS ULTIMATUM FROM FORMER COMMUNISTS. Polish Prime Minister Hanna Suchocka responded on 24 May to the list of conditions set by the former communist Social Democracy of the Polish Republic (SdRP) as the price for supporting the government in the upcoming no-confidence vote. She told journalists that the government could not meet the conditions, in particular the demand to revise the 1993 budget. "We could not promise Solidarity this," she said, "and it would be unfair to give in now." The government cannot yield to ultimatums, she added. The SdRP stiffened its stance on 24 May, leading many observers to voice suspicions that the party's "conditions" are little more than election campaign slogans. Party chairman Aleksander Kwasniewski stressed nonetheless that the party's conditions are intended as "topics" and not as "ultimatums." In remarks reported by PAP, Suchocka assessed the government's chances of surviving the no-confidence vote at "50-50." She pledged to present the public with a "new offer" in the form of a redrafted government program, should the cabinet remain in power. -Louisa Vinton CZECH GOVERNMENT BEGINS ISSUING SHARES. On May 24 the government began issuing shares in almost 1,000 companies privatized under the voucher scheme in 1992, international media report. The plan involved nearly 278 million shares initially valued at 372-billion koruny ($13.3 billion). More than 2 million individuals and 430 investment funds have until 30 June to exchange their privatization vouchers for shares in companies. Shares can be traded on the Prague Stock Exchange, which opened in March, or in periodic auctions at 453 computer-linked trading offices that operate without dealers and brokers. Recent surveys suggest that about 11% of individual shareholders plan to sell their shares immediately to raise cash; about 25% want to sell later this year. Distribution of shares was delayed by a dispute between the Czech and Slovak governments over the division of former Czechoslovakia's assets. On 12 May, the Czech government reversed its earlier decision to block the distribution of shares to Slovak citizens, which was designed to force the Slovak government to make concessions. The 12-May decision opened the way for issuing shares to all voucher holders. -Jiri Pehe CZECH-GERMAN COOPERATION. Czech Defense Minister Antonin Baudys and German Defense Minister Volker Ruehe signed an agreement on military cooperation in Bonn on 24-May. German media report that the agreement provides for regular exchange of information and security questions, humanitarian aid operations, and environmental protection. It also envisages the development of contacts between troops stationed on both sides of the Czech-German border. In another development, the Czech Ministry of Internal Affairs announced that Germany and the Czech Republic concluded a draft agreement on 24-May on providing technical help to the Czech Republic to control the tide of refugees expected after Bonn tightens its laws on asylum-seekers. Reuters reports an Interior Ministry spokesman as saying that Germany has promised equipment for all Czech borders, including that with Slovakia. The spokesman said that the agreement will not be formally signed "unless a tight border between the Czech Republic and Slovakia is put up." -Jiri Pehe ILIESCU URGES CRACKDOWN ON CORRUPTION. At a press conference on 24 May Romanian President Ion Iliescu read out a statement condemning rampant corruption in his country and calling for a crackdown in order to protect fledgling democracy and the market economy. Iliescu also urged Parliament to pass tougher legislation against corruption and crimes. On the other hand, he accused the opposition and the press of trying to undermine the authority of state institutions by exaggerating cases of official corruption. Iliescu's statement came after several weeks of revelations in the press about mafia-style corruption in ministries and other central bodies. The scandal broke after Gen. Gheorghe Florica, former head of an anticorruption unit, exposed some serious cases of racketeering and tax evasion in Evenimentul zilei, Romania's largest-circulation daily. Last week, Prime Minister Nicolae Vacaroiu also vowed to step up action against corruption in Romania. -Dan Ionescu ROMANIAN BROADCAST UNIONS TO VOTE ON STRIKE. The Free Trade Union of Romanian Radio and Television called on all employees in the state-run electronic media to vote on 25 May on starting a general strike beginning 27 May. Union representatives told journalists on 24 May that the organization seeks higher wages, a collective labor contract, and fundamental changes in the Romanian Radio and TV administrative board. Rank-and-file employees say that management in both facilities-and especially in the TV network-is still packed with former Communist officials. Romania has experienced a wave of strikes and protests since 1 May, when state subsidies for basic products and services were eliminated, leading to dramatic price hikes. -Dan Ionescu BULGARIAN PARLIAMENT DEBATES "TURKIFICATION" OF POMAKS. The report by a parliamentary commission investigating allegations of "forced Turkification" of Pomaks-Bulgarian Muslims-living in southern Bulgaria on 21 May provoked heated discussions in the National Assembly. The commission noted that it found no proof of "gross violations" against the right of citizens to determine their own ethnic identity, but accused local leaders of the mainly Turkish Movement for Rights and Freedoms of having pressured Pomaks to renounce their "Bulgarianness." The commission called on parliament to prosecute local authorities guilty of such alleged practices, declare invalid all statistics on ethnicity compiled in the affected regions, and cancel an earlier government decision to open Turkish-language schools in the area. MRF deputies said the commission had clearly exceeded its mandate. -Kjell Engelbrekt UKRAINE, POLAND ON REGIONAL SECURITY SYSTEM. During an official visit to Ukraine this week Polish President Lech Walesa agreed, but without notable enthusiasm, to study a proposal for a regional security system advanced by Ukrainian President Leonid Kravchuk, Reuters reported on 24 May. The plan includes almost every Central and East European state except Russia: the three Baltic States, Belarus, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Slovakia and Ukraine. Kravchuk is an avid supporter of such a collective security system and reportedly secured the support of Hungarian Prime Minister Joszef Antall earlier this year. Polish media report that Walesa was extremely reserved in responding to Kravchuk's security proposals, apparently reflecting Polish concern that alternate arrangements not detract from the country's chief security priority, membership in NATO. A number of bilateral agreements were signed, including one on the "readmission" of asylum-seekers crossing borders illegally and another on economic cooperation. On 25-May Walesa is scheduled to meet Prime Minister Leonid Kuchma, who remains in office after parliament refused to accept his resignation last week. -Ustina Markus and Louisa Vinton HUNGARY AGAIN PROPOSES ASSOCIATE NATO MEMBERSHIP. Speaking at the Berlin meeting of the North Atlantic Assembly, the vice chairman of Hungary's parliamentary foreign affairs committee, Gyorgy Csoti, proposed the establishment of a NATO associate membership that would take into account Russia's security interests, Radio Budapest and Reuters report on 24 May. "A way should be found that would institutionally guarantee the security of the countries in the Central European region," Csoti said. On 23 May, Hungarian Prime Minister Jozsef Antall, on a visit to Copenhagen, said that Hungary's security would be best served if it maintained the closest ties possible with NATO and joined the European Community. -Alfred Reisch EXTREMISTS WANT NEW STATUS FOR TRANSCARPATHIA. According to the Prague correspondent of the Sźddeutsche Zeitung on 22 May, the Ruthenian (Rusyn) Association of Subcarpathia set up a "provisional government" in Ukraine's Transcarpathian Oblast on 19-May. This body intends to ask the UN and foreign governments for recognition that Transcarpathia, which belonged to Hungary until 1920 and to Czechoslovakia until 1945, be recognized as an independent republic or, through a referendum, be reunited with Slovakia. According to CTK and Radio Budapest, the self-appointed Ruthenian officials, most of whom live in Slovakia, claim that Ukraine's goal is first to deprive the Ruthenians of their minority and nationality rights and then to annex Slovakia. -Alfred Reisch MORE RUSSIAN FLAGS OVER BLACK SEA FLEET. More ships of the Black Sea Fleet are showing their true colors, with over 100 vessels now flying the Russian naval ensign, ITAR-TASS reported on 24 May. Most of the ships involved are reportedly support vessels. It is unclear whether combat vessels are going to participate in the action. Russian TV on 25 May reports that an officers' assembly of a submarine division has called for a summit meeting between Yeltsin and Kravchuk to discuss the fleet with the head of the Crimean parliament attending as a "equal participant." The sailors of the division reportedly threatened to take "adequate measures" (presumably raising the Russian naval ensign) if a summit is not held. ITAR-TASS also reports that the commander of the Ukrainian navy, Boris Kozhin, has been relieved of his post, and will be replaced by V-Adm. Vladimir Beskaravainii, who is currently serving in the Russian navy as commander of a submarine division of the Northern Fleet. There has not as yet been any official Ukrainian confirmation of either Kozhin's dismissal or the new appointment. -John Lepingwell SWEDISH DEFENSE MINISTER VISITS LITHUANIA. On 24 May Anders Bjšrck traveled to Vilnius, where he held talks with Defense Minister Audrius Butkevicius, President Algirdas Brazauskas, and Prime Minister Adolfas Slezevicius, Radio Lithuania reports. Bjšrk visited Riga and Tallinn on 16-18 May. The talks focused on security cooperation and nonmilitary assistance from Stockholm to help improve control of the borders. A proposal was made to create a joint Baltic system that would enable effective control of the air and sea space. -Saulius Girnius RUSSIA HALVES GAS SUPPLY TO LITHUANIA. On 23-May the St. Petersburg enterprise Lentransgaz halved the supply of natural gas to Lithuania and threatened to cut off supplies completely if debts of about 21-billion coupons ($40 million) are not paid by 1 June, Radio Lithuania reports. Zenonas Vistinis, director general of Lietuvos Dujos, the state gas enterprise, suggested that the debt could be paid using foreign loans, but Lithuania will need to implement strict measures to persuade consumers to pay their energy bills. In recent weeks Lithuania has been receiving about 3.5 million cubic meters a day. -Saulius Girnius ADAMISHIN TO ESTONIA. On 24 May Russian First Deputy Foreign Minister Anatolii Adamishin began a three-day visit to Estonia by holding talks with Prime Minister Mart Laar and Foreign Minister Trivimi Velliste, BNS reports. The aim of the visit is not to sign any concrete documents but to learn more about Estonia's attitude to interstate relations. Laar expressed his willingness to discuss construction of housing for departing Russian troops, and Adamishin did not deny the possibility that the troops might leave Estonia by the end of the year. On 25 May Adamishin will meet with President Lennart Meri and on 26 May will travel to Narva where there is a predominantly Russian population. -Saulius Girnius RUBIKS NOT ON HUNGER STRIKE. Earlier this month imprisoned former Latvian Communist Party leader Alfreds Rubiks threatened to start a hunger strike on 21-May if he were not allowed to take part in the campaign for a seat in the Latvian parliament. The Latvian Supreme Court turned down his request, but Rubiks has not started the hunger strike, prison officials told Diena on 24 May. -Dzintra Bungs [As of 1200 CET] Compiled by Suzanne Crow and Charles Trumbull THE RFE/RL DAILY REPORT IS PRODUCED BY THE RFE/RL RESEARCH INSTITUTE (A DIVISION OF RADIO FREE EUROPE/RADIO LIBERTY, INC.) with the assistance of the RFE/RL News and Current Affairs Division (NCA). The report is available by electronic mail via LISTSERV (RFERL-L@UBVM.CC.BUFFALO.EDU), on the Sovset' computer bulletin board, by fax, and by postal mail. For inquiries about specific news items, subscriptions, or additional copies, please contact: in North America: Mr. Brian Reed, RFE/RL, Inc., 1201 Connecticut Avenue NW, Washington, DC-20036 Telephone: (202) 457-6912 or -6907; Fax: (202) 457-6992 or 828-8783; Internet: RIDC@RFERL.ORG or Elsewhere: Ms. Helga Hofer, Publications Department, RFE/RL Research Institute, Oettingenstrasse 67, 8000 Munich 22, Germany;.Telephone: (+49 89) 2102-2631 or -2624; Fax: (+49 89) 2102-2648, Internet: PD@RFERL.ORG 1993, RFE/RL, Inc. All rights reserved.
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