|Жизнь, дстойная своего имени, - это посвящение себя благу других людей. - Б. Т. Вашингтон|
No. 92, 14 May 1993
RUSSIA DEPUTIES INTEND TO APPEAL TO COURT OVER CONSTITUTION. A group of Russian deputies have decided to appeal to the Constitutional Court over steps taken by President Yeltsin to adopt a new constitution by-passing the Congress of People's Deputies, Russian television reported on 13 May. A hard-line deputy, Vladimir Isakov said the existence of two parallel constitutional procedures, one initiated by the president and another by the parliament, threatens the unity of the Russian state. The court's chairman, Valerii Zorkin, has already made several statements criticizing Yeltsin's proposal to convene a Constituent Assembly to adopt a new constitution. On 13 May, Foreign Minister Andrei Kozyrev suggested that Yeltsin should put his draft constitution to a national referendum. -Vera Tolz RUTSKOI TO FORM OPPOSITION; STRIPPED OF LAST POWERS. Vice President Aleksandr Rutskoi said in Moscow on 13 May that he was helping to form a "civilized opposition" to contest future legislative elections around the Civic Union bloc. According to Mayak Radio, Rutskoi said that on 20 May there would be a meeting of centrist forces which would broaden the base of the Civic Union. Also on 13 May, an article by Rutskoi in Rossiiskaya gazeta called for cooperation between the President and the Congress in adopting a new constitution, and for simultaneous early elections to the legislature and the presidency. Rutskoi sharply criticized the new draft constitution which Yeltsin is attempting to have adopted, likening it to "dictatorships and monarchies" because of the powers it gives to the presidency. Meanwhile, ITAR-TASS reported on 13 May that Rutskoi has been stripped of his last official duty-that of receiving the credentials of foreign ambassadors. Yeltsin had already deprived Rutskoi of his responsibilities for agriculture and security. -Wendy Slater YURII AFANASEV RELINQUISHES DEPUTY'S MANDATE. Yurii Afanasev, a prominent member of Russia's pro-democracy movement, has said he intends to give up his mandate as a people's deputy, Izvestiya reported on 13 May. Afanasev, a leader of Democratic Russia until leaving the movement in January 1992, said that he refused to participate in a body (the parliament) which was giving "a semblance of legality" to the actions of the opposition. He cited specifically parliament's reaction to the results of the referendum and the 1 May violence, and called on like-minded deputies also to give up their seats. Afanasev's actions follow calls by the Reform Coalition parliamentary bloc for deputies to resign their seats [see RFE/RL Daily Report for 6 May]. -Wendy Slater GOVERNMENT DEBATES ECONOMIC POLICY. The Presidium of the Council of Ministers debated a restructuring program for the Russian economy on 13 May, various Russian and Western news agencies reported. The program under consideration is the most recent version of an industrial policy which emerged first last fall under then Ministry of Economics Andrei Nechaev. In addition to selecting priority industries for state support, the program includes measures for energy conservation and resolving Russian foreign debt and trade problems. It was decided that further work on the program was necessary as, among other problems, its proposals seemed too ambitious for existing budgetary constraints. -Erik Whitlock PRESIDENTIAL DECREE ON PRIVATIZATION TO BE PUBLISHED. The government is publishing a new presidential decree entitled "Concerning state guarantees of the right of citizens of Russia to participate in privatization," ITAR-TASS reported on 13 May. The document requires, inter alia, that 29% of the shares of all state-enterprises transformed into joint-stock companies be made available for voucher purchase at privatization auctions. Each Russian citizen received vouchers over the course of late 1992 and early 1993. -Erik Whitlock KHASBULATOV RECEIVES MUFTI. On 13 May the chairman of the Russian parliament Ruslan Khasbulatov received Talgat Tadzhetdin, Mufti of the European part of the CIS countries, the Baltic States, and Siberia, ITAR-TASS reported. After assuring Khasbulatov that the Muslim Religious Board, which he heads, does not support nationalist slogans, the mufti went on the complain that more than 500 mosques in Russia have no imams. This opened the field, he said, to the activity of foreign Muslim centers who "take into their hands religious propaganda since they are able to pay for radio and television broadcasts." According to ITAR-TASS, Khasbulatov recognized the need to allocate the main confessions free air time on radio and television, and also agreed that funds should be allocated for the restoration of mosques. -Ann Sheehy MEETING OF ELDERS OF THE NORTH CAUCASUS PLANNED FOR JULY. Ramazan Abdulatipov, chairman of the Russian parliament's Council of Nationalities, told the chamber on 13 May that the Council of Nationalities was proposing to organize a meeting of the elders of the North Caucasus in July, ITAR-TASS reported. The elders still play an important role in North Caucasian society, and such a meeting had been mooted a year or more ago. Abdulatipov, who was reporting to the chamber on his recent visit to the North Caucasus as part of a delegation headed by Prime Minister Viktor Chernomyrdin, said the visit was more productive than earlier ones because the prime minister was prepared not only to argue but also take concrete decisions. At the same time he said that many agreements between North Ossetia and Ingushetia were not being implemented. Instead, they were making new accusations against each other. -Ann Sheehy JEWISH AUTONOMOUS OBLAST TO REJOIN KHABAROVSK KRAI? FORMER DEPUTIES OF THE KHABAROVSK KRAI SOVIET FROM THE JEWISH AUTONOMOUS OBLAST HAVE ASKED THE KRAI SOVIET TO PUT THE QUESTION OF THE OBLAST REJOINING THE KRAI ON THEIR AGENDA, MOSKOVSKIE NOVOSTI NO. 20 of 1993 reports. However, while it was sufficient for the oblast soviet to vote to leave the krai, it will require a referendum for it to rejoin it, and no mechanism for this has yet been drawn up, the weekly comments. -Ann Sheehy COMMONWEALTH OF INDEPENDENT STATES DECLARATION ON ECONOMIC UNION TO BE SIGNED AT CIS SUMMIT? IT IS EXPECTED THAT A DECLARATION ON THE CREATION OF AN ECONOMIC UNION WILL BE SIGNED AT A MEETING OF CIS HEADS OF STATE DUE TO CONVENE IN THE LATE AFTERNOON OF 14 MAY, ITAR-TASS REPORTED ON 13 MAY. ITAR-TASS's commentator Ivan Ivanov claims that "very informed sources" think that all the heads of state will sign the declaration. Hitherto it has been considered that only Russia, Kazakhstan, and Belarus were ready to enter an economic union. Ivanov states that at present it is difficult to say what will be in the declaration, which could well be amended at the summit itself, but Russian economic reform is likely to form the basis of the joint strategy of the Commonwealth countries in the economic union. Russian experts believe that the first step towards the creation of an economic union should be a customs union. -Ann Sheehy RUSSIA OPPOSES JOINT CIS FORCES. At a meeting of the Defense Ministers of the CIS states on 13 May, Russia opposed two draft agreements presented by the CIS command that would have increased integration and formed joint CIS forces. While nine of the CIS states sent delegations to the meeting, Ukraine did not. According to reports from Radio Moscow and ITAR-TASS, Russia specifically objected to plans for the creation of standing CIS forces during peacetime. Col.-Gen. Boris Gromov, the Russian representative, noted that Russia would bear the brunt of the costs of such a force, and that units from some other CIS countries were not allowed to be deployed outside their territory. The plan was reportedly supported by the other five signatories of the CIS Collective Security Treaty. Gromov stressed that the CIS states should build their individual armed forces first, and implement bilateral cooperative measures rather than joint CIS measures. This position suggests that the Russian military has finally given up any pretense of strengthening CIS command structures, and leaves Marshal Shaposhnikov as the lone voice calling for further integration of the CIS armed forces. -John Lepingwell RUSSIA OPPOSES CIS CONTROL OF NUCLEAR FORCES. The other aspect of the draft agreements opposed by Russia was the provision that the CIS Command would retain control over CIS nuclear forces. Russia claims that under the terms of the May 1992 Lisbon protocol it became the sole inheritor of the USSR's nuclear weapons and control thereof. Both Kazakhstan and Ukraine insist that the original Minsk agreement establishing CIS control over nuclear weapons retains its validity, although Ukraine claims ownership of the materials in the warheads. Belarus has accepted Russia's assertion of ownership and control over the nuclear forces on its territory. -John Lepingwell CIS MINISTERS OF INTERNAL AFFAIRS MEET IN EREVAN. On May 12 the Ministers of Internal Affairs from Russia, Armenia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tadjikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan Ukraine, and the non-CIS republics of Latvia and Estonia met for two days in Erevan, ITAR-TASS reported. The meeting focused on the problems of organized crime and other illicit activities on the territory of the former USSR. In an interview the Russian Minister of Internal Affairs Col.-Gen. Viktor Erin said that the problem of illegal arms is serious in all of the former Soviet republics, especially in those where armed conflicts are taking place. He stated that, "These weapons are beginning to seep throughout the former Soviet territories regardless of whether they are in the CIS or not, and are a serious contributing factor towards crime. Sooner or later the weapons fall into the hands of criminal elements and are actively used in perpetrating criminal acts. For that reason crime has been rising from year to year." Erin went on to say that one of the most important tasks facing the interior ministers was to insure that these weapons did not cross the borders of their respective republics. -Ustina Markus TRANSCAUCASIA AND CENTRAL ASIA KYRGYZSTAN GETS IMF SPECIAL LOAN. Kyrgyzstan's Prime Minister Tursunbek Chyngyshev, on his way to a meeting of CIS heads of government, told an ITAR-TASS correspondent on 13 May that his country's decision to introduce its own currency would not alienate it from the rest of the Commonwealth, and the end of the ruble zone, should the other CIS states choose to follow Kyrgyzstan's example, would help Russia to stabilize its own currency. The same day an RFE/RL correspondent in Washington DC reported that the IMF is granting Kyrgyzstan a package of loans under a new system designed to help countries transform their economies from central planning to market-oriented. Kyrgyzstan's $62-million package is the first of its type to be approved. The IMF had pressured Kyrgyzstan to introduce its own currency, which it did on 10 May. -Bess Brown CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE SERBIAN LEADERS MEET IN BELGRADE. A meeting of Serbian leaders in Belgrade on 14-May will try to persuade Bosnian Serbs to accept the Vance-Owen plan. The Bosnians have decided to vote on the plan in a referendum on 15-16 May. All major parties, including top Bosnian Serb officials and a delegation from their assembly, plan to attend the All-Serb parliamentary session, although some opposition parties from Serbia and Montenegro say they will not. Independent radio B92 speculates that Vojislav Seselj, head of the Serbian Radical Party, will soon demand the resignation of the federal and Serbian governments and the army chief of staff and demand new elections. Seselj supports the Bosnian Serb assembly in its rejection of the peace plan; he reiterated his threat of launching SS-22 missiles against Western European cities if there is outside intervention against Bosnian Serbs. -Milan Andrejevich BOSNIAN SERB REFUGEES TO BE DEPORTED? ON 12 MAY RADIO BOSNIA CLAIMED THAT THE BELGRADE GOVERNMENT HAS DECIDED ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF PUNITIVE MEASURES IF THE SCHEDULED BOSNIAN SERB REFERENDUM REJECTS THE VANCE-OWEN PEACE PLAN. Citing unnamed sources close to Milosevic, Belgrade will deport Bosnian Serb refugees back to Bosnia-Herzegovina. On 13 May a Bosnian Serb official alleged that Belgrade plans to repatriate the refugees "regardless of circumstances or political climate." The Serbian government earlier announced that Bosnian refugees would be resettled in Bosnia once peace is achieved and denied allegations of plans to force refugees out of Serbia. There are more than 250,000 Bosnia Serb refugees in Serbia. Earlier, on May 12, Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic told reporters that Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic "has never interfered in our [Bosnian Serb] affairs nor has he ever asked to decide on our behalf." He added that Western reports are wrong in stating that Milosevic has "unlimited influence on our decisions." According to Radio Serbia, Karadzic said he understands the concerns of the federal, Serbian, and Montenegrin presidents for the fate of their citizens, but that "the leadership of the Serb republic has a duty toward its own people." -Milan Andrejevich EC THREATENS CROATIA WITH SANCTIONS. The BBC on 14 May reports that the Community is considering measures against Zagreb unless the Herzegovinian Croats cease their attacks on local Muslims in the Mostar area. President Franjo Tudjman has often had tense relations with the head of the self-declared "Croatian Community of Herceg-Bosna," Mate Boban, but the Boston Globe writes from Zagreb that Croatia has great leverage because it supplies food and fuel to the breakaway region. Zagreb's policy toward Bosnia-Herzegovina has always been ambiguous and opportunistic. One the one hand is the temptation to acquire large Croat-inhabited territories contiguous to Croatia; on the other is the knowledge that the Muslims are long-term allies against the Serbs and that Croatia cannot insist on maintaining its own territorial integrity if it helps itself to others' land. Meanwhile in Herzegovina, Reuters reports on 13 May that Croat soldiers blew up a mosque in Ljubuski and then detained a Western TV crew trying to film the ruins. The same day UN refugee officials visited a Croatian camp where Muslims are held near Mostar and likened what they saw to "pictures of Jews during the Second World War." -Patrick Moore HUNGARY SEEKS NATO GUARANTEES. Hungary has asked NATO for antiaircraft missiles as well as security guarantees to defend itself against possible reprisals from Serbia for its role in helping NATO in the Yugoslav crisis, Reuters reports. Hungary suggested that unless guarantees were forthcoming, it might have to call a halt to NATO surveillance flights over Hungary that help direct warplanes enforcing the no-fly zone over Bosnia. Hungary has also agreed to allow ships of the WEU to supervise the Hungarian section of the Danube. Hungary is worried about the threat of Serbian reprisal attacks and possible actions against ethnic Hungarians in Vojvodina. -Edith Oltay ROMANIA REJECTS UKRAINIAN ACCUSATIONS. Romania denied it is using the UN resolutions against rump Yugoslavia to delay Ukrainian shipping on the Danube. A Foreign Ministry spokesman told Reuters that the authorities are applying the embargo uniformly to all ships on the river. A spokeswoman for the Ministry of Transport said the 70 Ukrainian barges at issue lack the UN Security Council approval to pass through the Serbian stretch of the Danube. On 12 May Ukrainian foreign minister Anatolii Zlenko accused Romania of detaining 160 Ukrainian barges in Galati without justification and threatened to retaliate. -Michael Shafir ILIESCU TOURS EX-YUGOSLAV AREA. On 14 May Romanian President Ion Iliescu begins a trip to Slovenia, Croatia, and Serbia, a spokesman said on 13 May. Iliescu flies to Slovenia on 14 May for talks with President Milan Kucan and while in Ljubljana he will also meet the president of Bosnia-Herzegovina, Alija Izetbegovic. On the 17th he flies to Zagreb for talks with President Franjo Tudjman. He plans a stop-over in Belgrade on 19 May, to meet the president of rump Yugoslavia, Dobrica Cosic, and Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic. -Michael Shafir MACEDONIAN UPDATE. White House spokeswoman Dee Dee Myers indicated on 13 May that the US is not actively considering placing troops in Macedonia or Kosovo as a means of containing the Bosnian War, according to Reuters. Nova Makedonija reports that no consultations with any country or organization about American troop deployments have been requested or discussed with Macedonian officials. A World Bank delegation visiting Macedonia held meetings with prime minister Branko Crvenkovski, who stressed Macedonia's eagerness to work with that institution, MILS reports that he emphasized that Macedonia has suffered disastrous losses because of its subscription to the UN trade embargo imposed upon Serbia-Montenegro. The 12-May Neue Z÷rcher Zeitung reports that on 10 May bank notes for the Macedonian national currency, the denar, were introduced to replace coupons. As if Macedonia has not had enough political problems over its name and flag, there now appears to be a controversy about the notes as well. The 11 May Vjesnik says that rep-resentatives of the republic's mainly Muslim Albanian minority have objected to the appearance of Eastern Orthodox churches on the bills, which the Albanians regard as enshrining the primacy of the mainly Eastern Orthodox ethnic Macedonians within the new state. -Duncan Perry and Patrick Moore SEJM DEBATES PACT, STRIKES. The Sejm voted 244-to 77 on 14 May to send the government's proposed "pact on state firms" to a special commission for speedy review, PAP reports. The pact, proposed by the government in September and signed by the unions in February, had a generally favorable reception. The package of six bills offers state workers better social guarantees and a bigger say in the transformation of their firms, in return for their support of rapid restructuring and privatization. Some deputies argued that swifter action on the pact might have prevented the current strike wave, while the parliament's liberals said the pact gives too much power to the unions. The government is to present a report to the Sejm on the strike situation on 14 May. Solidarity suspended its strike in the Walbrzych region on 13 May, after restructuring talks in Warsaw ended in agreement. Meanwhile, there were signs that the general strike by teachers and health care workers is losing steam. Strike funds are running low; Polish law forbids paying employees for strike days. -Louisa Vinton SUCHOCKA IN STRASBOURG. Polish Prime Minister Hanna Suchocka delivered an address on 13 May to the Council of Europe, where she served as the parliamentary assembly's deputy chairman before leaving to head the government. Emphasizing that Poland is a country of "stability and peace," Suchocka argued that the integration of the Visegrad group into the European Community "will not destabilize our continent, but rather promote its successful development." On her return to Warsaw, Suchocka stressed that the government's work is unaffected by the strikes and jested that Polish politics goes into crisis mode every two weeks, whenever the parliament prepares to meet. -Louisa Vinton WALESA VISITS PORTUGAL. During a two-day state visit to Portugal, Polish President Lech Walesa lobbied hard for the ratification of Poland's association agreement with the EC. President Mario Soares assured his Polish counterpart that Portugal's ratification is guaranteed, Polish officials reported. In a speech to the Portuguese parliament on 12 May, Walesa urged the wealthy EC countries to ease trade barriers with the emerging democracies of Eastern Europe, and called protectionism "short-sighted." "Europe has closed itself to us," Walesa charged, adding that "the integration of Europe will not be successful if we do not all have the same standard of living." Before leaving Lisbon on 13-May, Walesa paid a private visit the shrine of Fatima and met with the Portuguese prime minister, PAP reports. -Louisa Vinton NEW MAYOR OF PRAGUE. Jan Koukal, a member of the Civic Democratic Party of Prime Minister Vaclav Klaus, was elected mayor of Prague on 13 May. Koukal replaces Milan Kondr, also a member of CDP, who was recalled by the city's municipal deputies in April along with his two closest associates; city officials criticized Kondr's management of city affairs. On 13-May municipal deputies also elected a new 13-member city council, which consists of the mayor, his 5 deputies, and 7 other members. The Civic Democratic Alliance, the coalition partner of Klaus's party in the Czech government, issued a statement strongly critical of the CDP for allegedly blocking the election of CDA's members to the council. As a result, no CDA member was elected to the council. CDA says it renounces its responsibility for the city's affairs. -Jiri Pehe TUMULT AT UDF RALLY. An antigovernment demonstration organized by the Union of Democratic Forces on 13 May led to clashes with the Sofia police. In an effort to stop UDF supporters from entering the security area of parliament, several policemen used force and struck group leader Stefan Savov. The government, which had warned on the previous day that it would take a tough stance if riots broke out, said the police had acted in the line of duty. Western agencies estimate that some 20,000 UDF sympathizers turned out for the rally, which had been advertised several weeks in advance. -Kjell Engelbrekt ROMANIA DENIES MOLDOVA INVOLVEMENT. The press office of the Romanian Information Service again accused unidentified "groups and people interested in the systematic deterioration of inter-Romanian relations [i.e. between Romania and Moldova]" of spreading false rumors about alleged Romanian collaboration with the "extremists of the Popular Front of Moldova" in preparations for a coup in Chisinau, as well as "diversionary actions in Ukraine." Rompres reported on 13 May that these rumors were just a reiteration of the lies spread by "the same publications" several months ago. The Service was reacting to fresh allegations of Romanian subversive activities against Moldova and Ukraine published in Russian-langauge media. -Michael Shafir RUSSIAN ARMY IN MOLDOVA BUILDS HOUSING. The Russian government newspaper Rossiiskie vesti of 6 May quotes Lt. Gen. Aleksandr Lebed, commander of Russia's 14th Army in Moldova, as saying that his "servicemen are engaged in building housing for officers" among other tasks. Lebed made the same remark to Komsomolskaya pravda of 27 April. This revelation by Lebed undermines the Russian government's and military's claim that Russian troops cannot withdraw from Moldova (and other independent states) because they lack funds to build housing in Russia. Moldova has repeatedly offered to finance housing construction in Russia for 14th Army personnel if the Army withdraws from Moldova, but the Russian side has ignored the offers. The 14th Army's housing construction program in Moldova adds to other recent indications-such as the establishment of the Army's own TV station and newspaper and the drafting of residents of Moldova into this Russian army-that the army is preparing for a long stay. -Vladimir Socor BLACK SEA FLEET OFFICERS START PAY STRIKE. Some officers are reportedly refusing to accept their May salary in protest against disparities in pay levels, according to ITAR-TASS and Western press accounts on 13 May. Details of the action remain sketchy, but some officers receive pay in rubles, others in karbovantsy. President Yeltsin doubled Russian officers' pay in April but this rise hasn't been matched on the Ukrainian side. Furthermore, the karbovanets has been falling against the ruble, placing officers on the Ukrainian payroll in a disadvantageous position. ITAR-TASS also claims that officers retiring from the fleet are being asked by the Ukrainian Finance Ministry to pay back the difference between their Russian salaries and those paid by the Ukrainian side. The number of officers on strike is unknown, but they are apparently demanding a more rapid resolution of the fleet's problems. In a related story, Adm. Igor Kasatonov, the outspoken former commander of the fleet, told Rossiya that Ukraine is directing an espionage campaign against the fleet in an attempt to undermine it and assert Ukrainian control. -John Lepingwell RUSSIAN AMBASSADOR ON RELATIONS WITH UKRAINE. Russia's ambassador to Ukraine, Leonid Smolyakov, told journalists in Kiev that it is not Russia's official policy to view Ukraine as "temporarily lost territory," Ukrainian TV reports on 13 May. The ambassador also criticized Ostankino TV's reporting on Ukraine, saying that it conflicts with Russia's official stand, and urged Ukrainian media to "tell the truth." -Roman Solchanyk ESTONIA ADMITTED TO COUNCIL OF EUROPE. On 13 May the parliamentary assembly of the Council of Europe (CE) voted nearly unanimously (2 nays and 1-abstention) to approve Estonia's membership, a RFE/RL correspondent in Strasbourg reports. Although investigations by the UN and CSCE had found no evidence of intentional discrimination against the Russian-speaking minority, Russian Foreign Minister Andrei Kozyrev sent an angry letter repeating these charges and calling Estonia's membership "premature." Regarded as "interference" from Russia, itself a nonmember state, the letter may actually have reduced the number of negative votes. On 14 May the CE increased its ranks to 29 by formally inducting Estonia along with Lithuania and Slovenia as members. Latvia's membership in the council appears to depend on electing a democratic parliament, scheduled for 5-6 June, and on adopting an equitable law on citizenship and naturalization. -Saulius Girnius ESTONIA, RUSSIA AGREE ON TRADE, BUT NOT ON TROOP WITHDRAWAL. During the eleventh round of talks at Lohusalu, Estonian and Russian representatives initialed an agreement on granting their respective countries most-favored-nation trade status. This agreement supersedes a 1992 free-trade accord that failed to take effect. No agreement was reached on setting a timetable for the complete withdrawal of Russian troops from Estonia. The Russian side is still talking in terms of 1999, while the Estonians want a speedier pullout. The participants also discussed border, humanitarian, and cultural issues. The next round of talks is planned for 7-8 June in Moscow, BNS reported on 13 May. -Dzintra Bungs LATVIAN-RUSSIAN TALKS ON AGAIN. Baltic media reported on 12 May that the next round of talks on the withdrawal of Russian troops from Latvia and related issues are to take place on 17-20 May in Jurmala. Head of the Russian delegation Sergei Zotov said that several accords may be signed. The previous meeting was cancelled by the Russian side on account of discussions in the Latvian Supreme Council of a resolution concerning residence permits for the Russian military in Latvia; the cancellation came before the resolution was adopted on 28-April. Riga saw this as an effort by Moscow to persuade the Latvian legislators to adopt a milder resolution and the move elicited protests from the Latvian Foreign Ministry. -Dzintra Bungs ANOTHER FINANCIAL SCANDAL IN LATVIA. On 13-May Radio Riga reported on the Supreme Council committee investigating the removal of billions of Russian rubles out of Latvia by railroad cars last year. Bank of Latvia President Einars Repse and the head of the customs department, Imants Geidans, have been implicated, and the committee reportedly plans to call for a vote of no confidence in these two as well as others involved in the affair. -Dzintra Bungs [As of 1200 CET] Compiled by Ustina Markus and Charles Trumbull THE RFE/RL DAILY REPORT IS PRODUCED BY THE RFE/RL RESEARCH INSTITUTE (A DIVISION OF RADIO FREE EUROPE/RADIO LIBERTY, INC.) with the assistance of the RFE/RL News and Current Affairs Division (NCA). The report is available by electronic mail via LISTSERV (RFERL-L@UBVM.CC.BUFFALO.EDU), on the Sovset' computer bulletin board, by fax, and by postal mail. For inquiries about specific news items, subscriptions, or additional copies, please contact: in North America: Mr. Brian Reed, RFE/RL, Inc., 1201 Connecticut Avenue NW, Washington, DC-20036 Telephone: (202) 457-6912 or -6907; Fax: (202) 457-6992 or 828-8783; Internet: RIDC@RFERL.ORG or Elsewhere: Ms. Helga Hofer, Publications Department, RFE/RL Research Institute, Oettingenstrasse 67, 8000 Munich 22, Germany;.Telephone: (+49 89) 2102-2631 or -2624; Fax: (+49 89) 2102-2648, Internet: PD@RFERL.ORG 1993, RFE/RL, Inc. All rights reserved.
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