|Human life is but a series of footnotes to a vast obscure unfinished masterpiece. - Vladimir Nabokov|
No. 91, 13 May 1993
RUSSIA YELTSIN PREPARES TWO MAJOR DECREES. Radio Rossii "Information-Analytical Program" on 11 May reported that President Boris Yeltsin is working on two decrees-one on prohibiting former party apparatchiks to work in government structures for five years, and another on the transfer of legislative functions from the parliament to the Council of the Federation until a new constitution is adopted. The deputy head of the presidential administration, Vyacheslav Volkov, indicated in an interview with "Rossiiskie vesti" on 12-May that the next parliamentary elections should be held on a multi-party basis,stating that Yeltsin may soon issue a decree on elections and on political parties. -Alexander Rahr KHASBULATOV ON WAYS OUT OF THE CRISIS. Parliamentary speaker Ruslan Khasbulatov has published an article in Rossiiskaya gazeta on 12 May describing his idea of solving the constitutional crisis. Khasbulatov warned Yeltsin from "anti-constitutional moves to adopt a new constitution" through by-passing the Congress. He suggested that a government of national trust should be formed by the parliament which would then receive special powers (from the Congress), until new presidential and parliamentary elections are held. Khasbulatov stressed the need to direct reforms toward the social protection of the population. He said a joint economic program, which would reflect the ideas of the government and of parliament, should be adopted as a basis of reform. -Alexander Rahr PRESIDENT TAKES FURTHER STEPS TO SPEED UP CONSTITUTION ADOPTION. On 12-May, President Yeltsin issued a decree setting up a working commission for the preparation of a new Russian Constitution, ITAR-TASS reported. The group consists of Yeltsin and forty two officials, including reformist politicians from the government as well as members of the parliament and representatives of republics and regions. Presidential spokesman Vyacheslav Kostikov said the commission will be functioning until a Constituent Assembly convenes in early June. -Vera Tolz PARLIAMENTARY COMMISSION OUTLINES ITS OWN TIMETABLE. Speaking on 12 May at a meeting of Russia's regional leaders, parliamentary speaker Ruslan Khasbulatov called "criminal" the president's attempts to by-pass the Congress of People's Deputies in the adoption of a new constitution, ITAR-TASS reported. Meanwhile, the parliament's constitutional commission has worked out a timetable for the preparation of its own version of the new constitution. The commission said deputies should begin final debate on a parliamentary draft constitution on 6 July, after a series of legislative hearings and discussions to be held in Russia's republics and regions. The commission's executive secretary Oleg Rumyantsev said a Constituent Assembly and the Congress should jointly work out a new Constitution, instead of starting a confrontation. -Vera Tolz GAIDAR CONSIDERS COMEBACK. Egor Gaidar, ex-Acting Prime Minister, has been quoted by Izvestiya on 12 May as saying that he may consider returning to the government because it would be "unforgivable" not to exploit the positive results of the referendum, in particular the support which the second question on economic reform had received from the electorate. According to Gaidar, nothing can stop the privatization policy in Russia now. Meanwhile, the chairman of the board of the Democratic Party Valerii Khomyakov told Ekho Moskvy on 11-May that the departures of the Secretary of the Security Council, Yurii Skokov, and Deputy Prime Minister, Georgii Khizha, were probably connected with President Boris Yeltsin's desire to return to the idea of implementing special rule. Skokov had resisted that move earlier. -Alexander Rahr BLACK SEA FLEET NEGOTIATIONS REACH IMPASSE. According to Russian Deputy Prime Minister Yurii Yarov, negotiations between Ukraine and Russia concerning the apportioning of the Black Sea Fleet have stalled over the issue of basing the Russian portion of the fleet. According to an ITAR-TASS report of 12 May, Yarov noted that Russia considers the fleet's shore facilities to be covered under the Yalta and Dagomys agreements which provide for the fleet's assets to be shared between the two states. Russia wants to base its share of the fleet in Sevastopol, and thus insists on a share of the port facilities there. Ukraine views this as a Russian demand to create a military base on Ukrainian territory, which it regards as impermissible and a potential violation of its sovereignty. Yarov argued, however, that Russia was not making territorial claims, but simply claims parts of the base, and that solutions such as a long-term lease might be possible. A way out of the impasse, Yarov suggested, might require another summit meeting between Yeltsin and Kravchuk. -John Lepingwell RIGHT OF SECESSION INCLUDED IN TUVIN CONSTITUTION. The Tuvin parliament has defied Moscow and amended the republic's constitution to include the right to self-determination and the right of secession, Radio "Mayak" reported on 11 May. Secession could be a possibility given that two-thirds of the population is Tuvin, and that the territory enjoyed at least nominal independence until 1944. Local nationalists have argued that Tuva's incorporation in the Soviet Union was no more legal than that of the Baltic states. The republic's economy is, however, heavily dependent on subsidies from Moscow. The current Russian constitution makes no provision for secession, nor does the presidential draft. The draft produced by the constitutional commission makes it virtually impossible by requiring the approval of a federation-wide referendum. -Ann Sheehy CHUKOTKA'S SEPARATION FROM MAGADAN OBLAST LEGAL. The Russian Federation's Constitutional Court has recognized the separation of the Chukchi Autonomous Okrug from Magadan oblast to be in accordance with the Russian constitution, Ostankino television reported on 11 May. The okrug soviet had proclaimed itself an autonomous republic as far back as September 1990 and taken a "final decision" on its separation from Magadan oblast in March 1991, but Magadan oblast had contended that the okrug could only secede if a referendum were held. In 1989 Chukchi accounted for only 7.3 percent of the population while Russians and Ukrainians made up 83 percent. The decision of the constitutional court could lead to other okrugs seceding from the oblasts of which they now form part. In particular, Tyumen oblast could be reduced from 1.4 million sq. km. to 161 thousand sq. km. and lose most of its oil industry if the secession of the Khanty-Mansi and Yamalo-Nenets autonomous okrugs were recognized. -Ann Sheehy COMMONWEALTH OF INDEPENDENT STATES CIS EXPERTS DISCUSS POSSIBILITY OF ECONOMIC UNION. As part of the preparations for the CIS summit meeting on 14 May, a meeting of experts from CIS countries in Moscow on 12 May discussed the possibility of the creation of an economic union from those Commonwealth countries that have demonstrated their readiness to give up part of their sovereignty in this cause, ITAR-TASS learnt from circles close to CIS coordinating organs. The chairman of the Russian State Committee for Economic Cooperation with Commonwealth States Vladimir Mashchits presented Russia's concept of such a union, which includes such elements as a customs union, an interbank union, an external economic union, and also the harmonization of national legislation. It has been reported that Russia, Belarus, and Kazakhstan are ready to form such a union. -Ann Sheehy TRANSCAUCASIA AND CENTRAL ASIA AFGHAN CONSUL REJECTS TAJIK CHARGES. Afghanistan's Consul in Dushanbe, Muhammad Umar Asir, met with correspondents on 12 May in order to publicly deny charges by Tajik government officials that a "government-in-exile" has been set up by Tajik opposition leaders in Afghanistan, ITAR-TASS reported. The consul also denied the existence in northern Afghanistan of armed groups of Tajik oppositionists who are alleged by the Tajik government to be preparing for an incursion into their homeland. For at least a year Russian border guards stationed on the Tajik-Afghan border have been trying to prevent Tajiks from slipping into Afghanistan and returning with weapons supplied by sympathetic Afghan groups. At the CIS summit in early 1993 four CIS states agreed to participate in a peacekeeping force to seal the Tajik-Afghan border. The peacekeeping force has yet to be deployed, and in the last month the Tajik government has warned of the existence of a government-in-exile and plans for an attack across the border. -Bess Brown AZERBAIJAN SENTENCES FIVE RUSSIAN SERVICEMEN TO DEATH. Azerbaijan's Supreme Court passed the death sentence on five Russian servicemen on 11-May on charges of having fought alongside Armenian troops in Nagorno-Karabakh, Western agencies reported. A sixth man was sentenced to 15 years' imprisonment. They had been arrested in September, 1992, in Kelbadzhar, between Nagorno-Karabakh and the Armenian-Azerbaijani frontier, and were said to have killed 30-Azerbaijani troops in fighting in Mardakert raion in the north of Nagorno-Karabakh. Russia will appeal to Azerbaijan to have the men, who had asked to be considered prisoners of war, handed over to Moscow, according to RIA. -Liz Fuller KYRGYZSTAN BANS FOREIGN CURRENCIES. The Kyrgyz government announced on 12-May that its new national currency, the "som," would be the exclusive legal tender of the republic as of 15 May, Reuters reported. The move is intended to support the value of the som by eliminating the use of competing currencies such as the ruble and dollar. The reaction of neighboring countries to the introduction of the som has been drastic. Both Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan are implementing broad ranging restrictions on bank and cash transactions with Kyrgyzstan. Uzbek president Islam Karimov has criticized the Kyrgyz move as "ill prepared" and "not thought out well." The International Monetary Fund, however, has shown its confidence in the Kyrgyz reform effort by approving a $62 million line of credit available over the next year and a half, according to an RFE/RL Washington correspondent. -Erik Whitlock CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE CROATS HOLD OVER 1,300 MUSLIMS PRISONER. The BBC's Serbian Service on 12 May quoted UN observers as saying that the Croatian military are holding Muslim civilians against their will at several locations near Mostar. The two sides' army commanders managed to reach a cease-fire agreement by which the respective forces will return to barracks and the civilians be released by noon local time on 13 May, but intense fighting continued in the night with each side blaming the other for it. The Croats furthermore claim they are holding the Muslim civilians to get them out of harm's way, but Radio Sarajevo says that the Croatian military are burning down Muslims' homes in an apparent attempt at ethnic cleansing. The BBC's Croatian Service quoted British Foreign Secretary Douglas Hurd as saying that this state of affairs could harm Anglo-Croatian relations and that it might be time to reconsider imposing sanctions on Zagreb. The Croatian news agency Hina reports that UN ambassador Mario Nobilo said that the current fighting comes at the worst possible time, and he added that Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic's moves against the Bosnian Serbs have helped divide the United States from its EC allies on the Bosnian issue. Reuters meanwhile quoted top UN officials as saying that the fighting in Herzegovina could lead to another 300,000 people having to flee their homes. -Patrick Moore OTHER DEVELOPMENTS IN THE YUGOSLAV AREA. The BBC's Croatian Service on 13 May reported that Bosnia's UN ambassador called for UNPROFOR troops to stay in his republic in contradiction to Bosnia's foreign minister's request the previous day that they leave. The broadcast said that this reveals serious policy differences in the Bosnian leadership. Meanwhile in Croatia, Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Vitalii Churkin on 12-May completed his talks with Croatian President Franjo Tudjman and goes on to Knin, Hina reports on 13-May. On 10 May Tudjman signed a bilateral cooperation agreement with visiting Albanian President Sali Berisha, and their delegations discussed cooperation in the military field as well as in trade, transportation, and industry, particularly oil. Vecernji list of 12 May quoted Berisha as saying that Milosevic must be deterred from extending the violence to Kosovo, which could lead to a general Balkan war. Finally, Croatian dailies reported on the visit by a delegation from the Council of Europe to investigate media freedom there. -Patrick Moore UKRAINE ACCUSES ROMANIA OF "UNFRIENDLY ACTIONS" ON THE DANUBE. Ukraine has accused Romania of abusing UN sanctions against rump Yugoslavia to hold up Ukrainian trade, Reuters reported on 12 May. Foreign Minister Anatolii Zlenko told a ministerial meeting in Kiev on sanctions that since early April about 160 Ukrainian barges, mostly carrying commodities for the metallurgical industry in Hungary and Austria, have been detained for lengthy searches of up to three or four weeks in the Romanian port of Galati. He stressed that UN sanctions do not ban freight from transiting the Yugoslav stretch of the Danube, and another Ukrainian official suggested that UN inspectors could travel with the Ukrainian barges to guarantee that they did not stop in the Serbian stretch of the river. "The Romanians," Zlenko claimed, "are using UN sanctions against Yugoslavia as sanctions against Ukraine," and warned that Ukraine is considering retaliating against "these unfriendly actions." Talks held last week between Ukrainian and Romanian officials about this problem were apparently "without progress." -Bohdan Nahaylo SERBIAN RADICALS RATTLE SABERS. Vojislav Seselj, head of the Serbian Radical Party-Serbia's second largest-told Italian TV on 12 May that missiles would be launched at Italy, Croatia, Austria and all other countries serving as logistical bases in the event of air strikes against Bosnian Serbs. He boasted, "we have FF-22 missiles which can reach your country, but we will not target military compounds, because their defense is prepared. In case we are attacked, we will fire at your civilian targets." Seselj also claims that the Bosnian Serbs have not yet employed even one-third of their forces in the war, and warned that the UN troops deployed in Bosnia would be immediately attacked in the event of foreign military intervention. Seselj slammed the Serbian government's decision to limit aid to Bosnian Serbs, saying "most of the people in Serbia support their brothers in Bosnia and we will do our utmost to block Milosevic's decision." In a related development the "Serbian Hawks," the paramilitary wing of the Serb Royalist Movement, warned it will transform itself into a terrorist group and kill 100 UNPROFOR soldiers for every Serbian life lost if NATO or any other Western power carries out an invasion against Bosnian Serbs. The group also said that Serbia is "plagued by pacifism and vowed to rid the country of "this plague," said a spokesman, adding that the Serbian Hawks are currently training about 350 young volunteers near Subotica in Vojvodina. Radio Serbia and Austrian TV carried the reports. -Milan Andrejevich MILOSEVIC MEETS OPPOSITION. Belgrade media reported on 12-13 May that Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic conducted talks with leaders of nearly all the party organization committees represented in Serbia's national assembly. The reports say that the talks focused on the Vance-Owen peace plan for Bosnia-Herzegovina and the forthcoming joint session of the assemblies of the rump federation, Serbia, Montenegro, and the self-proclaimed legislatures of the Bosnian and Croatian Serb republics due to be held in Belgrade on 14 May. Representatives of the ruling Socialist Party, the Democratic Party, DEPOS coalition, and the Democratic Community of Vojvodina Hungarians expressed their approval of the peace plan and most supported the idea of the joint parliamentary session. The Serbian Radical Party, the second largest party represented in the federal and Serbian assemblies, opposes the peace plan, but agrees that an All-Serb parliament should convene sometime after the Bosnian Serb referendum. DEPOS representatives welcome the peace plan but are divided over the issue of the joint session of parliaments. Vuk Draskovic, leader of the Serbian Renewal Movement and the major party in DEPOS, said the proposed session "has neither constitutional nor lawful justification." -Milan Andrejevich CZECH REPUBLIC TO UNBLOCK TRANSFER OF SHARES TO SLOVAKS. On 12 May the Czech government reversed its decision of 17 March to freeze the transfer of shares in Czech companies to Slovaks who purchased them in 1992 under the voucher privatization scheme. The 17 March decision was designed to put pressure on the Slovak government to be more forthcoming in dealing with settling disputes over the former Czechoslovakia's assets and pay back what the Czech government claimed were Slovakia's debts to the Czech Republic. However, the move was criticized by international business community and it delayed the privatization process in the Czech Republic. The decision to unblock the transfer of shares follows talks between Czech and Slovak officials on 7 May, during which some progress in settling mutual property claims was achieved. Czech Prime Minister Vaclav Klaus told reporters on 12 May that shares will be issued to both individual Slovak shareholders and investment funds. -Jiri Pehe SOLIDARITY GIVES GOVERNMENT A "LAST CHANCE." Meeting in Gdansk on 12 May, Solidarity's national leadership decided to present the government with an ultimatum in the ongoing wage conflict, but stopped short of demanding an immediate vote of no-confidence. The union instead voted to call a national "strike alert" beginning 13 May. Industrial workers are to stage strikes to show solidarity with the 600,000 teachers and health care workers who have been holding a general strike to demand pay increases since 10 May. Should the government fail to yield to Solidarity's demands by 18 May, the union's parliamentary caucus will submit a motion to remove the government and, that failing, call a general strike. Solidarity would need the support of other parliamentarians to lodge a no-confidence motion, and finding suitable allies may be difficult. -Louisa Vinton SUCHOCKA FIRM ON STRIKES. Prime Minister Hanna Suchocka met personally with union representatives from the Walbrzych region and assured them of the government's concern for their problems. This move improved the climate of negotiations, and the text of a new resolution on restructuring the depressed region was quickly hammered out. This agreement seems likely to end the Walbrzych strike. The prime minister also met with parliamentary party leaders on 12 May; for the first time, representatives of all the Sejm caucuses attended. Suchocka called the meeting to drum up support for the legislative package linked with the "pact on state firms," which the Sejm is to debate during its current session. In remarks to reporters, Suchocka stressed that the government's approach is business as usual, despite the strikes. Those demanding the government's ouster, she said, need to ask themselves what would come next. "Printing worthless money is no solution," she continued. "We want to give the budget sphere wages that have value, and only an effective economic system can ensure this." Deputy Prime Minister Pawel Laczkowski reported that, in keeping with the president's request, a review of the state's finances had been conducted. "There is no money," he said. -Louisa Vinton HUNGARIAN PROSECUTOR ON MONEY TRANSFERS TO MOSCOW. A spokeswoman told MTI on 12-May that the chief prosecutor will not press charges against officials of the Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party who, between 1950 and 1987, channeled at least $14-million to a solidarity fund set up by Moscow to sponsor communist parties worldwide. She said that an investigation of the case completed last March found that leading officials of the Hungarian National Bank and the communist party acted in accordance with regulations in effect at the time and committed no crime. The statement came in reaction to a formal request to the prosecutor by a Hungarian Democratic Forum parliamentary deputy and a university teacher to renew the investigation and press charges against the officials. -Edith Oltay REVIVAL OF EXTREME RIGHT IN ROMANIA. A communique released at a press conference of the Democratic National Salvation Front on 11 May condemned the revival of the "Legionary phenomenon," Radio Bucharest reported on the same day. The legion of the Archangel Saint Michael was Romania's interwar fascist movement. The statement singled out the Movement for Romania and the Party of the National Right. According to a Rompres dispatch of 11 May, at a news conference at the end of last week the leader of the Movement for Romania, Marian Munteanu, said he admires the legion's "organizational formula and iron discipline." Munteanu added that unlike the legion, however, his party believes in the values of democracy and repudiates violence. Nonetheless, the press conference ended in listening to a recorded 1937 speech of the legion's leader, Corneliu Zelea Codreanu and the legion's anthem was played. -Michael Shafir BULGARIANS IN IRAQ. Zemya of 12 May reports of a visit to Iraq by two prominent Bulgarian deputies, Zahari Zahariev of the Bulgarian Socialist Party and Ivan Palchev of the Movement for Rights and Freedoms. On this first trip to Iraq by Bulgarian legislators since the 1991 Gulf War, Zahariev and Palchev met with foreign minister Tariq 'Aziz, the chairman of the Iraqi parliament, and other top officials. Citing previously close economic ties, Baghdad's $1.5 billion debt to Bulgaria, and the fact that Iraq remains a key player in the Middle East, Zahariev said the intention behind the trip was to "clear a passage toward normalization" of bilateral relations. He noted that Bulgaria could already resume export of items not covered by the United Nations embargo, such as pharmaceuticals and food products. -Kjell Engelbrekt UKRAINE'S TRADE TIES WITH TURKMENISTAN, IRAN. In its search for ways of reducing its dependence on Russia for sources of energy, Ukraine is continuing to develop trading relations with Turkmenistan, Iran, and the Gulf States. On 12 May several new Ukrainian-Turkmen agreements were signed in Kiev fixing the terms and mechanisms of trade between the two states whereby Ukraine will receive natural gas and cotton from Turkmenistan in return mainly for industrial and agricultural products, Ukrainian Radio reports. Meanwhile, a Ukrainian parliamentary delegation headed by Speaker Ivan Plyushch has been visiting Teheran this week. Last week, a governmental delegation headed by Deputy Prime Minister Yulian Yoffe was also in Iran. On 13 May Radio Ukraine accused Ostankino TV of deliberately spreading disinformation by alleging that Ukraine is selling rockets to Iran. -Bohdan Nahaylo OPPOSITION PARTIES ENDORSE BELARUS REFERENDUM. Representatives of eight opposition parties and movements have endorsed a proposal put forward by Supreme Soviet Chairman Stanislau Shushkevich calling for a national referendum on Belarusian neutrality and its participation in the CIS collective security pact. Radiefakt reported on 12 May that apart from the neutrality issue, the opposition representatives insisted that the referendum also ask people to vote on the disbanding of the Supreme Soviet and the early holding of elections. Ustina Markus GAGAUZ AUTONOMY IN MOLDOVA AT HAND. Moldova may be about to become the first post-communist state in Eastern Europe to grant territorial autonomy to an ethnic minority. The parliament began on 11 May to debate a draft constitutional law on Gagauz territorial autonomy, which should come to a vote in the next few days. Prepared by a joint commission of Moldovan and Gagauz representatives, the document establishes a self-governed territory in southern Moldova encompassing almost the entire Gagauz population, with locally elected political and administrative bodies endowed with substantial powers and also with full cultural autonomy. The Gagauz in turn recognize Moldova's sovereignty and territorial integrity, thus settling for less than a Gagauz republic as they have been demanding since 1990. The draft requires a two-thirds majority for passage, and the Popular Front and its allies may try to block it because it provides for Gagauz self-determination if Moldova "forfeits its state independence" (i.e. unites with Romania). -Vladimir Socor SECOND LIST OF ESTONIAN ENTERPRISES TO BE PRIVATIZED. On 12 May the Estonian State Property Department Council approved the second list of 46-state enterprises that will be privatized, primarily in light industry, but including timber, furniture, and metal industry firms as well as Tallinn's Viru Hotel, BNS reports. The Eesti Erastamisettevote Privatization Company, modeled on the German Treuhand, has decided on the purchasers of 25 of the 38 enterprises in the first list. After determining which enterprises can be sold to foreign investors, the full list will be published. -Saulius Girnius ESTONIA, EC SIGN 10-YEAR FISHING PACT. On 12-May in Brussels Estonian ambassador to the EC Clyde Kull signed a 10-year fishing pact between the EC and Estonia, Western agencies report. Danish ambassador Niels Henrik Sliben signed on behalf of the EC since Denmark is currently holding the EC presidency. The accord offers fishermen from Estonia and the EC's 12-nations access to each other's markets and to fishing waters in the Baltic. Both sides agreed to yearly consultations and joint efforts to conserve fish stocks. -Saulius Girnius GRACHEV TO VISIT LITHUANIA. On 12 May Lithuanian Defense Minister Audrius Butkevicius told a press briefing in Vilnius that his Russian counterpart, Pavel Grachev, will pay an official visit on 16-18 May, Radio Lithuania reports. Butkevicius said that he has also invited his Latvian and Estonian counterparts to use the occasion to meet with Grachev. There are now 11,800 Russian troops in Lithuania fully engaged in the withdrawal process, Butkevicius noted. Grachev will also meet with President Algirdas Brazauskas and Prime Minister Adolfas Slezevicius. -Saulius Girnius LATVIA PROTESTS NAVAL MANEUVERS. Radio Riga reported on 12 May that the Latvian Foreign Ministry has sent a protest note to Moscow concerning the maneuvers of Russia's Baltic Fleet. These exercises, involving the firing of missiles and other weapons from 11 to 15-May, effectively halts the activities of Western Latvian commercial ports. The Latvian authorities were not consulted when the maneuvers were being planned, but later the Baltic Fleet leadership said that the missile firing would be limited to 14 May. -Dzintra Bungs LATVIA INVESTIGATES $400-MILLION FRAUD. Local media reported on 10 May that a special committee headed by Deputy Finance Minister Valentina Andrejeva will investigate the emission and attempted sale of promissory notes worth $400 million. The notes, issued in December 1992 as collateral for credits to modernize the Broceni cement and slate plant, were not properly backed and authorized; if sold, they could have led to Latvia's bankruptcy. The credits, which were to have come from German investment firms, were not received. After reporting irregularities concerning the notes, Latvia's Investment Bank President Ilze Jurkane resigned on 30 April. The committee and the Supreme Council are inquiring about the role played by Jurkane, former Finance Minister Elmars Silins, director of the Broceni plant Juris Reisons, and Architecture and Construction Minister Aivars Prusis. The notes have been declared invalid. None of them were sold, thus Latvia has not suffered financial losses, but the EBRD has temporarily suspended credits to Latvia. -Dzintra Bungs [As of 1200 CET] Compiled by Ustina Markus and Charles Trumbull THE RFE/RL DAILY REPORT IS PRODUCED BY THE RFE/RL RESEARCH INSTITUTE (A DIVISION OF RADIO FREE EUROPE/RADIO LIBERTY, INC.) with the assistance of the RFE/RL News and Current Affairs Division (NCA). The report is available by electronic mail via LISTSERV (RFERL-L@UBVM.CC.BUFFALO.EDU), on the Sovset' computer bulletin board, by fax, and by postal mail. For inquiries about specific news items, subscriptions, or additional copies, please contact: in North America: Mr. Brian Reed, RFE/RL, Inc., 1201 Connecticut Avenue NW, Washington, DC-20036 Telephone: (202) 457-6912 or -6907; Fax: (202) 457-6992 or 828-8783; Internet: RIDC@RFERL.ORG or Elsewhere: Ms. Helga Hofer, Publications Department, RFE/RL Research Institute, Oettingenstrasse 67, 8000 Munich 22, Germany;.Telephone: (+49 89) 2102-2631 or -2624; Fax: (+49 89) 2102-2648, Internet: PD@RFERL.ORG 1993, RFE/RL, Inc. All rights reserved.
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