|No member of a crew is praised for the rugged individuality of his rowing. - Ralph Waldo Emerson|
No. 90, 12 May 1993
RUSSIA YELTSIN FIRES SKOKOV AND KHIZHA. President Boris Yeltsin has fired the Secretary of the Security Council Yurii Skokov and Deputy Prime Minister Georgii Khizha, ITAR-TASS reported on 11 May. Skokov was regarded as one of the most powerful politicians in Russia. He organized the work of the influential Security Council and Council of Heads of Republics, and participated in the country's major foreign and security policy decisions. But in March, he publicly rejected Yeltsin's move to introduce special rule. The head of the presidential apparatus, Sergei Filatov, explained Skokov's departure with the fact that the latter "does not support the President on many positions." Presidential press secretary Vyacheslav Kostikov accused Skokov of having transformed the Council of Heads of Republics into a "antipresidential meeting." -Alexander Rahr YELTSIN FURTHER DOWNGRADES RUTSKOI. President Yeltsin has reduced the Secretariat of Vice President Aleksandr Rutskoi to only six officials, ITAR-TASS reported on 12 May. Rutskoi's secretariat formerly consisted of forty officials. Yeltsin's press secretary Vyacheslav Kostikov said that the reduction is connected with the overall limitation of Rutskoi's duties. Yeltsin has released Rutskoi from practically of all of his functions and left him only the titular status of Vice President. Rutskoi was earlier deprived of most of his body guards and his limousine. -Alexander Rahr YELTSIN COMMENTS ON PREPARATION OF NEW CONSTITUTION. Addressing a meeting in the Kremlin on 11 May with leaders of Russia's regions and republics, President Yeltsin said republics and regions should be well represented in a Constituent Assembly which will be set up to adopt a new constitution. On 11 May, ITAR-TASS quoted Yeltsin's press secretary Kostikov as saying a Constituent Assembly could be convened on 5 June to finalize the draft constitution, but it would not be adopted yet. If a Constituent Assembly does gather in less than a month, its members will have to be appointed by the president and regional and republican leaderships rather than elected by the people. The agency also reported that Yeltsin suggested that after passing a constitution, the Assembly should become one of the two chambers of a new parliament. -Vera Tolz GORBACHEV FOR EARLY ELECTIONS. Former Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev has stressed the need to hold early presidential and parliamentary elections, ITAR-TASS reported on 12 May. He also stated that there is no sense in adopting a new constitution for holding new elections since it would be sufficient to hold them by making certain amendments to the old constitution. Gorbachev dismissed the view that the present Congress is conservative saying that the results of the referendum demonstrate that half of the population support the Congress. Finally, he maintained that he no longer expects the national-bolsheviks to become an influential political force in the country. -Alexander Rahr PROSECUTOR REQUESTS LIFTING OF DEPUTY'S IMMUNITY. The office of the Russian prosecutor general requested that parliament strip People's Deputy Gennadii Saenko of his parliamentary immunity in connection with the investigation into the 1 May violence in Moscow, Russian agencies reported on 11 May. Saenko, a leader of the National Salvation Front, is named as one of the organizers of the demonstration. The same day, President Yeltsin issued a directive establishing a commission to investigate the 1 May events, adding to those already established by the parliament and the prosecutor's office. Prime Minister Viktor Chernomyrdin was named to head the commission, which is also to include the interior and security ministers and the mayor of Moscow. The commission, which is to report its findings within ten days, was also charged with elaborating measures to prevent "potentially harmful actions by extremist political forces." -Wendy Slater RUSSIA USES UNSC VETO. Russia vetoed a UN Security Council resolution on the financing of peacekeeping troops in Cyprus on 11 May. The vote, 14 to 1, marked Moscow's first veto in the UNSC since February 1984. Russia's permanent representative to the UN Yulii Vorontsov said Russia's reasons for opposing the resolution were purely practical (implying that Moscow could not afford the $2 million annual contribution to support UN peacekeeping forces in Cyprus). As a result of the veto, these forces will continue to be financed through voluntary contributions, Western agencies reported. -Suzanne Crow COMPENSATION FOR TOMSK-7 EXPLOSION. The inhabitants of Geogrievka, which was smothered with a radioactive cloud after the 6 April explosion at Tomsk7, are to receive 3,000 rubles each, ITAR-TASS reported on 11 May. A further 1.8 million rubles will be given to the Tomsk meteorological center to set up 7-radiation monitoring stations within a 30-kilometer radius of the chemical plant used for military purposes. -Keith Bush CHERNOMYRDIN ON AUTARKY. During a tour of the northern Caucasus, Prime Minister Chernomyrdin argued that Russia must be more self-sufficient in manufacturing, Western agencies reported on 11 May. He repeated earlier calls to reverse the fall in output saying, "Russia is a great country that has everything necessary. We should produce more ourselves-otherwise we will be obliged to drink our own water from an imported package." He also stated that Russia is not a "beggar," and that it should resist Western efforts to keep it as a supplier of raw materials only. He said that unrestrained purchases of Western technology are crippling Russian research and development. He implied that restoring output was more important than restricting credits. -Keith Bush RUSSIA, TURKEY SIGN MILITARY COOPERATION AGREEMENT. On 11 May, Russian Defense Minister Pavel Grachev and his Turkish counterpart, Nevzat Ayaz signed an agreement providing for cooperation in military training and arms production. While Turkey has already agreed to purchase $75 million worth of Russian arms, the extent of their likely cooperation in the armaments sphere is uncertain. Not surprisingly, though, the two sides continued to disagree over the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict. At a press conference after a meeting with the Turkish chief of staff, Grachev noted that both Armenia and Azerbaijan were responsible for the conflict and in a comment directed at Turkey, criticized states that are supplying military assistance to Azerbaijan. That same day the Azerbaijan defense ministry denounced Grachev's comments as "groundless" and accused Grachev of making "pro-Armenian" statements. Grachev also denied Russian involvement in the fighting in and around Nagorno-Karabakh, and reported that the Russian airborne division remaining in Azerbaijan would be withdrawn by the end of the year. Grachev later departed Ankara to visit the Turkish 3rd Army, located near the border with Armenia. The visit was reported by ITAR-TASS, Reuters, and AFP. -John Lepingwell CHERNOMYRDIN CHAIRS MEETINGS OF NORTH CAUCASIAN COORDINATING COUNCIL. The ethno-political situation in the North Caucasus, additional measures for regulating the Ossetian-Ingush conflict, and the coordination of efforts to implement economic reform were discussed on 11 May at a session of the North Caucasian Coordinating Council chaired by Russian Prime Minister Chernomyrdin, ITAR-TASS reported. The session, which was held in Nalchik, the capital of Kabardino-Balkaria, was attended by the leaders of four of the seven republics of the North Caucasus and of Krasnodar and Stavropol krais and Rostov oblast. Ramazan Abdulatipov, chairman of the Russian parliament's Council of Nationalities, said afterwards that Yeltsin should make greater use of his powers to deal with North Ossetian-Ingush problems as neither the Ingush nor the Ossetian side was carrying out the agreements they had reached. He also called for a more rapid decision on Ingushetia's frontiers. -Ann Sheehy PRESIDENT OF KABARDINO-BALKARIA CALLS FOR ASSISTANCE WITH REHABILITATION OF BALKARS. At a meeting between Russian Prime Minister Viktor Chernomyrdin and the Kabardino-Balkar leadership on 11 May, the president of Kabardino-Balkaria Valerii Kokov said that the republic was one of the few areas of southern Russia where the situation was stable, ITAR-TASS reported. At the same time he asked for assistance from the federal authorities "in implementing measures to rehabilitate the Balkar people." The Balkars, who were deported en masse in 1944, have been agitating for a separate territory of their own. -Ann Sheehy COMMISSION SET UP TO DETERMINE FRONTIERS OF INGUSHETIA. On 10 May, Prime Minister Chernomyrdin signed a decree on the creation of a commission to determine the frontiers of the Ingush republic, Ekho Moskvy reported. Ingushetia's frontiers with both North Ossetia and Chechnya are disputed, and it is difficult to see how a commission will resolve the issues, but without clear frontiers it is difficult for Ingushetia to set up proper administrative structures. On the same day, the Russian Procurator General Valentin Stepankov said that the long-awaited reported on those responsible for inflaming the North Ossetian-Ingush conflict would be issued next week. He added that permission had been issued for the arrest of more than 50 individuals, and that several investigators had died in the course of the investigations. -Ann Sheehy TRANSCAUCASIA AND CENTRAL ASIA KYRGYZSTAN RAISES BREAD PRICES. The effects of Kyrgyzstan's introduction of its own currency on 10-May are becoming more apparent, according to Russian and Western news agency reports on 11 May. As inhabitants of the southern regions of Kyrgyzstan turn their rubles not into som, the new currency, but into expensive purchases such as carpets, electronic equipment and fabrics. Bazaar prices are reported to have risen sharply. The official price of bread, according to Reuters, was more than doubled on 11 May, with Vice-President Feliks Kulov stating that Kyrgyzstan can no longer afford to subsidize bread prices. Kazakhstan is reported to have stopped financial transactions between firms in Kazakhstan and those in Kyrgyzstan until Russia's Central Bank can set an exchange rate for Kyrgyzstan's new currency. Uzbekistan's Cabinet of Ministers has placed limitations on purchases of expensive items by non-citizens, tightened rules on the export of valuables and given the Ministry of Finance and Central Bank ten days in which to determine how to handle financial obligations with Kyrgyzstan. -Bess Brown CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE COUNCIL OF EUROPE AND THE BALTICS. On 11-May the parliamentary assembly of the Council of Europe voted unanimously to approve Lithuania's membership, Radio Lithuania reports. The vote on Estonia's membership scheduled for on 13 May has created greater controversy. Russian Foreign Minister Andrei Kozyrev sent a letter last week to Secretary-General Catherine LalumiŹre calling Estonia's membership "premature" and alleging that it discriminates against its Russian minority. In spite of such allegations it is expected that the CE Committee of Ministers will officially formalize the admission of the two Baltic States on 14 May. Latvia's citizenship law has also come under some scrutiny and Riga has been advised that it must hold "free and fair" elections in order to meet the CE's admittance standards. -Saulius Girnius SLOVAKIA'S ENTRY POSTPONED? SPEAKING AT A PRESS CONFERENCE IN BRATISLAVA ON 11 MAY, MIKLOS DURAY, THE LEADER OF COEXISTENCE, AN ETHNIC HUNGARIAN PARTY REPRESENTED IN THE SLOVAK PARLIAMENT, SAID THAT SLOVAKIA'S ADMISSION TO THE COUNCIL OF EUROPE WILL BE POSTPONED BECAUSE OF THE GOVERNMENT'S RELUCTANCE TO ADDRESS MINORITY PROBLEMS. There has been no official confirmation of such a development; after a vote on 14 May, Slovakia and the Czech Republic were expected to be admitted jointly in June. Duray claims that the postponement was not caused by minority parties, which have called CE's attention to minority problems in Slovakia, but is a result of "fact-finding trips by various expert commissions of various European institutions." Duray claims that he was informed about the reasons for the postponement by Slovak Foreign Minister Jozef Moravcik, who said the CE objects to limitations in Slovakia on using Hungarian names on birth certificates and Hungarian names for villages and towns. The CE is allegedly also concerned about plans for a new territorial arrangement in Slovakia and the government's reluctance to grant cultural and educational autonomy to minorities. -Jiri Pehe ROMANIANS ALSO DISAPPOINTED. Romanian parliamentarians attending the CE meeting said they are disappointed by the two preliminary reports on Romania's request for admission, according to a Radio Bucharest broadcast on 11 May. On that day the judiciary commission of the CE Parliamentary Assembly discussed the reports in what was described as a "severe" atmosphere. Among other things, the reports say the Romanian Information Service does not fall under parliamentary supervision, that the independence of Romanian Television is doubtful, and that Romanian TV's new director-general, Paul Everac, is notorious for "reactionary and anti-Semitic" positions. The reports acknowledged that some progress has been registered in Romania's treatment of its Hungarian minority, whose demands have only partially been met. Despite significant progress made on the path to democracy, says one report, there are still impediments to Romania's admission, but these could be done away with in a relatively short time, and Romania could become a full-fledged member sometime in 1993. Radio Bucharest quoted sources in Strasbourg as saying Romania will be admitted to the Council of Europe in September the latest. -Michael Shafir. KLAUS ON CZECH REPUBLIC AND EC. Speaking on Czech Radio on 11 May, Czech Premier Vaclav Klaus, just back from a three-day visit in Spain, said that the European Community should create a special interim status for the Czech Republic-"something between association and full membership." Klaus argued that the time span between signing the association agreement and becoming full member is too long and "if nothing happens in between, we would feel frustrated." On 10-May Klaus and Spanish Prime Minister Felipe Gonzáles agreed that the EC needs to make a "symbolic gesture" showing that it is interested in accepting the Czech Republic and other countries. An association agreement between the Czech Republic and the EC is to be signed soon. -Jiri Pehe HUNGARIAN-SPANISH FRIENDSHIP TREATY. On 11-May the Hungarian parliament unanimously ratified the friendship and cooperation treaty signed by the Hungarian and Spanish governments in 1992, MTI reports. Under the treaty, the two countries are to cooperate in the field of European integration, and Spain agrees to support Hungary's effort to become a full member of the European Community. -Edith Oltay FIERCE FIGHTING CONTINUES IN MOSTAR. Reuters reported on 11 May that shelling between Croats and Muslims resumed at mid-day in the downtown area in the third straight day of the worst fighting in Herzegovina's capital since the Croats expelled the Serbs in June 1992. The Croats continued their exercise in ethnic cleansing by removing Muslim civilians from their homes and taking them to a nearby aluminum factory. The UN's Gen. Philippe Morillon plans to talk to the two sides' commanders on 12 May to urge them to respect existing cease-fire agreements. Croatia's news agency Hina said on 11 May that President Franjo Tudjman has met with his top military advisors and appealed for an end to the fighting in Mostar, which the Croatian media have blamed on "Muslim extremists." Tudjman also called for a Croatian-Muslim summit in the embattled town. Hina adds on 12 May that Bosnian President Alija Izetbegovic has appealed to the UN to make Mostar a "safe area." According to the Washington Post, however, the track record of safe areas is not very good, and the Serbs are preventing the Muslims from returning to their homes in Zepa in one such zone. Finally, Hina reports explosions at yet another mosque in the Banja Luka area, which is controlled by Serbs. -Patrick Moore OTHER DEVELOPMENTS IN THE YUGOSLAV CRISIS. The BBC said on 11 May that President Bill Clinton has not ruled out the possibility of sending of American ground troops to Macedonia as part of a deterrent peace-keeping operation. Meanwhile in Croatia, local media report that Albanian President Sali Berisha visited Zagreb on 10 May and that Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Vitalii Churkin is due on the 12th. Finally, Nedjeljna Dalmacija on 5-May published a poll on Croat attitudes toward future relations with the Serbs. About 60% are opposed to making territorial concessions in Bosnia in order to get back Serb-held areas in Croatia, but two-thirds of the respondents believe that Croatia will recover these areas through talks and not by force, although they add that such negotiations must not be allowed to drag out. Over 70% feel that no massive population transfers will be necessary to ensure a durable peace, and almost 60% favor some kind of "loose customs and economic links between Croatia and rump Yugoslavia." -Patrick Moore ZIELENIEC WANTS TO DOUBLE CZECH UN FORCE. Czech Foreign Minister Josef Zieleniec told reporters in Prague on 11 May that he wants to double the size of the Czech force serving in former Yugoslavia, from 500-to 1,000 soldiers. Zieleniec argued that it is the Czech Republic's responsibility to increase its participation. Currently, one battalion of 500-soldiers is serving with the UN peacekeeping forces in Croatia. -Jiri Pehe BELGRADE CALLS FOR PAN-SERB PARLIAMENT. Leaders of Serbia-Montenegro have again appealed to Bosnian Serbs to accept the Vance-Owen peace plan by calling for a joint session of the parliaments of Serbia, Montenegro, federal Yugoslavia, and the self-declared legislatures of the Croatian and Bosnian Serbs. According to Belgrade and international media reports on 11-May, the appeal is for the meeting to take place in Belgrade on 14 May; it is aimed at undermining the Bosnian Serb referendum on 15-16 May. Serbia's President Slobodan Milosevic is quoted as saying that "all Serbs are affected by the actions of their brethren in Bosnia," adding that the decision on the Vance-Owen plan "cannot be made only by Bosnian Serbs but by all deputies" of the above-mentioned parliaments. According to Belgrade Radio B92, if the session were to convene, Bosnian Serb deputies would be outvoted, the peace plan would be accepted, and "Milosevic will secure yet another political achievement." However, the question remains whether Milosevic can bring into the fold figures like Vojislav Seselj, head of the Serbian Radical Party, regarded as the front man of the Bosnian Serb war policy. -Milan Andrejevich BOSNIAN SERBS REJECT CALL. Radio Serbia reports on 12 May that Bosnian Serb leaders have rejected Milosevic's appeal. They are sticking to their decision to hold a referendum first, but agreed to take part in the joint legislative session in Belgrade after that vote. Referendum officials also announced that preparations for the referendum have been completed, and UN officials have been asked to monitor the balloting. On 11 May, however, UN Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali announced that the UN will not recognize the results. Meanwhile, Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic expressed extreme anger at Belgrade's decision to restrict aid to Bosnian Serbs, but said that reports of travel restrictions are untrue, which seems to confirm Serbian Prime Minister Nikola Sainovic's denial that such restrictions have been imposed. Karadzic and his delegation traveled to Belgrade on 11-May, unimpeded at the Serbia-Bosnia border. Borba reports on 12 May, that the Bosnian Serb delegation in Belgrade declined Milosevic's lunch invitation, citing urgent business. Belgrade TV continues to portray Bosnian Serb leaders as greedy adventurists, while a spokesman for Karadzic protests "all of our leaders are modest people." -Milan Andrejevich PROGRESS IN GREEK-MACEDONIAN CRISIS. Macedonian President Kiro Gligorov and Greek Foreign Minister Michalis Papaconstantinou are both in New York for talks on the continuing Greek-Macedonian dispute over the official name of the ex-Yugoslav republic and other trappings of the country's independence. Gligorov met with UN negotiator Cyrus Vance on 10-11 May and may talk with Papaconstantinou later this week, according to MILS. In the meantime, high-ranking Greek politicians have been holding intensive discussions on means of resolving the outstanding disagreements. The next few days appear to be critical to ending the dispute. -Duncan Perry BULGARIAN COMMANDER RESIGNS. Lt. Gen. Lyutskan Lyutskanov, commander of Bulgarian Land Forces, has resigned. After several weeks of growing tension between himself and Chief of General Staff Gen. Lyuben Petrov and Defense Minister Valentin Aleksandrov. During a meeting with President Zhelyu Zhelev on 11 May, Lyutskanov asked to be relieved of his duties. He served two years as commander before Aleksandrov charged him with incompetence, corruption, and failure to separate his work from his political convictions. He is the eighth Bulgarian general to be dismissed since the new government took office in late December. -Kjell Engelbrekt SLOVAK, POLISH DEFENSE MINISTERS MEET. Slovak Defense Minister Imrich Andrejcak held talks with his Polish counterpart, Janusz Onyszkiewicz, in Bratislava on 11-May. TASR reports that the two ministers discussed plans for a meeting at the end of May of the defense ministers of Hungary, the Czech Republic, Poland, and Slovakia. Andrejcak and Onyszkiewicz agreed on the need for effective cooperation of the four Visegrad Group countries in "all spheres." -Jiri Pehe WALESA APPEALS FOR STRIKE TALKS. Solidarity Chairman Marian Krzaklewski warned the president on 11 May that the union will ask for a no-confidence vote in the government if there is no breakthrough in the general strike by teachers and health care workers, Polish TV reports. In comments to reporters, Walesa expressed disappointment in Poland's teachers and advised against testing the government's strength too often. In a blander statement issued after the meeting, Walesa appealed to the government and the union to resume talks "aimed at stabilizing the situation in the country" and asked the government "to show understanding for the difficult situation of budget employees and review the state's financial possibilities." Krzaklewski told journalists, however, that the union will not return to the bargaining table until the government makes specific proposals to remedy the strikers' grievances. The union's education and health branches complained on 11 May that the initial round of talks in Warsaw were a manifestation of the government's "completely unnecessary arrogance," PAP reports. The government has refused to grant wage increases beyond what the 1993 budget allows. -Louisa Vinton TEACHERS' STRIKE DISRUPTS EXAMS. Graduation exams were canceled in 10% of Poland's high schools on 11 May because of the teachers' strike, according to education ministry figures. The government had earlier rejected Solidarity's demand to postpone the exams, and their staging became something of a test of strength for the union. Turnout for the exams suggests that support for the strike varies by region. In 21 of Poland's 49-voivodships, exams were held in all schools, while in 5 voivodships more than half of the schools boycotted the exams. Prime Minister Hanna Suchocka and Education Minister Zdobyslaw Flisowski visited a Warsaw school where exams began as scheduled. Meanwhile, the government convinced representatives of the striking Walbrzych region to resume restructuring talks in Warsaw on 12 May. A quibble over the wording of a government resolution on the region's future sparked the strike there. Initial talks were suspended on 10-May when the government's negotiator resigned from his post after union representatives claimed he offended them. Industry Minister Waclaw Niewiarowski is now chairing the talks. The strikers apparently abandoned their demand that the government send a delegation to Walbrzych when the prime minister agreed to attend the talks scheduled for 12 May. -Louisa Vinton UKRAINIAN GOVERNMENT, TRADE UNIONS COOPERATING. A press conference was held in Kiev on 11 May in connection with the signing of a tariff agreement between the government and the Trades Union Federation, Ukrainian Radio reports. After two-weeks of difficult negotiations, a 20-page agreement was signed at the end of April by 12 of the 13 trade union leaders who took part, the leader of the independent coal miners' union being the exception. The accord provides a mechanism for social protection in the event of price rises and guarantees certain basic welfare rights. Welcoming the agreement, the head of the Trade Unions' Federation, Oleksandr Stoyan, declared that: "Ukraine has chosen its path-the path of social partnership and not conflict and confrontation." Ukrainian Radio commented that the government could now no longer take any major decision on price policy without prior agreement with the trade unions. -Bohdan Nahaylo HUNGARIAN-UKRAINIAN TREATY RATIFIED. On 11-May parliament voted 223-39-17 to ratify the friendship and cooperation treaty with Ukraine signed by the two governments in 1991, MTI reports. The vote was preceded by heated debates in parliament as some parliamentary deputies, mostly belonging to the governing coalition, objected to a provision of the treaty that "neither party has nor will have territorial demands against the other" on the ground that it dashes the hopes of Hungarians abroad for any future "peaceful settlement." The government defended the treaty arguing that it is beneficial to Hungary's interests, and improves the situation of Ukraine's ethnic Magyars by providing guarantees for minority rights and autonomy. -Edith Oltay HUNGARY, TATARSTAN SIGN COOPERATION AGREEMENT. An agreement on economic cooperation between Hungary and Tatarstan for 1993-98 was signed in Budapest on 11 May as part of an official visit by Tatarstan President Mintimer Shaimiev, ITAR-TASS and MTI report. Hungarian Minister of Foreign Trade Bela Kadar and his counterpart, Savkat Arslanov signed the document. Under the agreement, the Tatar side will deliver 1.5 million tons of crude oil annually and Hungary will export industrial and agricultural products to the Tatar Republic. Shaimiev said that an earlier economic agreement, Tatarstan's first with a foreign country, had been fulfilled to the letter, and trade turnover with Hungary had exceeded $235 million in 1992. He went on to say that Tatarstan is keen to expand direct economic and trade relations with foreign countries. Hungarian Prime Minister Jozsef Antall expressed the hope that Hungarian-Tatar trade will double this year. -Edith Oltay and Ann Sheehy MOLDOVAN, "DNIESTER" LEADERS MEET. Moldovan President Mircea Snegur, Parliament Chairman Petru Lucinschi, and Prime Minister Andrei Sangheli met at their initiative on 10 May near Tiraspol with Igor Smirnov and other leaders of the insurgent "Dniester republic." According to a joint communique carried by the Moldovan media, the sides agreed to continue the political dialogue both at the leadership level and through the existing joint commission, to refrain from the use of force and from any "destabilizing" steps, and to work in joint expert groups toward the reestablishment of disrupted economic ties. It was emphasized that the issue of Moldova's state structure is central to the political settlement of the conflict. This is not the first meeting initiated by the Moldovan leadership with the breakaway leaders, but the latter insist on having a full-fledged state on both banks of the Dniester with its own army and security services. Moldova has offered territorial-administrative autonomy for left-bank areas. -Vladimir Socor NEW SERIES OF LITHUANIAN MONEY. On 10 May a new series of 500-note coupons (Lithuania's provisional money) was issued that will be better protected against counterfeiting, Radio Lithuania reports. The new coupons, which depict a pair of wolves rather than a bear, reveal their value when exposed to ultraviolet light. More than 11,000 forged copies of the old 500-note bills have been discovered. -Saulius Girnius [As of 1200 CET] Compiled by Ustina Markus and Charles Trumbull THE RFE/RL DAILY REPORT IS PRODUCED BY THE RFE/RL RESEARCH INSTITUTE (A DIVISION OF RADIO FREE EUROPE/RADIO LIBERTY, INC.) with the assistance of the RFE/RL News and Current Affairs Division (NCA). The report is available by electronic mail via LISTSERV (RFERL-L@UBVM.CC.BUFFALO.EDU), on the Sovset' computer bulletin board, by fax, and by postal mail. For inquiries about specific news items, subscriptions, or additional copies, please contact: in North America: Mr. Brian Reed, RFE/RL, Inc., 1201 Connecticut Avenue NW, Washington, DC-20036 Telephone: (202) 457-6912 or -6907; Fax: (202) 457-6992 or 828-8783; Internet: RIDC@RFERL.ORG or Elsewhere: Ms. Helga Hofer, Publications Department, RFE/RL Research Institute, Oettingenstrasse 67, 8000 Munich 22, Germany;.Telephone: (+49 89) 2102-2631 or -2624; Fax: (+49 89) 2102-2648, Internet: PD@RFERL.ORG 1993, RFE/RL, Inc. All rights reserved.
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