|Discovery consists of seeing what everybody has seen and thinking what nobody has thought. - Albert Szent-Gyorgyi|
No. 84, 04 May 1993
RUSSIA SHAKHRAI DENIES CONGRESS' LEGITIMACY. Deputy Prime Minister Sergei Shakhrai stated on the Ostankino TV program "Itogi" on 2 May that as the result of the referendum the Congress has lost its legitimacy to adopt a new constitution. He said that 70-percent of the politically active electorate had issued a no-confidence vote in the Congress. According to Shakhrai, the constitution should be adopted by the subjects of the Federation and the President. He further stated that if the monetary system was not stabilized soon, state power will collapse this autumn. He also said that the violence witnessed during the demonstrations on 1 May were reminiscent of provocations conducted in 1917 against the Provisional Government of Aleksandr Kerensky after the February Revolution. -Alexander Rahr ANPILOV WANTS KHASBULATOV REPLACED BY A RUSSIAN. The leader of the Russian Communist Workers' Party, Viktor Anpilov, was quoted by Russian TV "Vesti" on 2 May as saying that the Russian parliament should replace its chairman Ruslan Khasbulatov with a leader of Russian nationality. He suggested that one of the leaders of the national-bolskevik parliamentary faction "Russian Unity"-Mikhail Astafev or Sergei Baburin-should get this job. The national-bolsheviks had so far supported Khasbulatov in the Congress in his fight against President Boris Yeltsin. -Alexander Rahr RIOT POLICE HEAD BLAMES KGB, MVD, ARMY FOR RIOT. The head of the riot police, Vitalii Keiko, claimed on 3 May that the attacks on police at the May Day demonstration "were prepared and coordinated professionally by active or retired members of the interior ministry, the KGB and the army." Keiko did not produce any evidence to back his charge, but he reported that the OMON police blocking the demonstrators were attacked by groups that appeared prepared to overpower and beat them. His comments were reported by AFP on 3 May 1993. While Keiko's charges may not have much substance, they are consistent with the claims of other politicians that the riots were premeditated and that the right-wing represents an organized threat to the government.--John Lepingwell AFTERMATH OF 1 MAY DEMONSTRATIONS. President Boris Yeltsin made a brief visit to Zelenograd near Moscow on 3 May, ITAR-TASS and Russian TV "Vesti" reported. Speaking of the 1 May demonstrations in Moscow, Yeltsin said that the police had been carrying out orders and had acted in accordance with the law. He said that the prosecutor general had set up a special investigative group, headed by Deputy Prosecutor General Evgenii Lisov. On Ostankino TV "Itogi" on 2 May, the head of Yeltsin's administration Sergei Filatov had said that certain people's deputies, leaders of hardline organizations which he accused of organizing the march, should be stripped of their parliamentary immunity to face investigation. -Wendy Slater GOSKOMSTAT RELEASES FIRST QUARTER ECONOMIC RESULTS. According to the State Committee for Statistics (Goskomstat) industrial production at the end of the first quarter of this year was equivalent to that at the end of last year-suggesting that the decline in Russia's economic activity may be stabilizing. Goskomstat figures also reflect continuing structural change in the economy. A fourth of the nation's labor force is employed in new forms of enterprises (leased enterprises, joint-stock companies, concerns and private companies). In January and February 11 thousand enterprises were privatized, and revenues to state budgets since the beginning of last year reached about 49 billion rubles. The official unemployment rate reached a full percentage point at the end of March. The results were published by various Russian news agencies on 29-and 30 April. -Erik Whitlock 50,000-RUBLE NOTES COMING. According to Ostankino Channel 1 TV on 28 April, citing the first deputy chairman of the Russian Central Bank, the new 50,000-ruble notes may come into circulation as early as May or June. -Keith Bush IRAN CONFIRMS PLANS TO BUY 2 MORE RUSSIAN SUBS. The commander of the Iranian navy has confirmed that Iran intends to purchase two more diesel-powered attack submarines from Russia in the near future, according to an ITAR-TASS report of 4 May. The Kilo-class submarine that was delivered to Iran in November 1992, over strong protests from the US government, is currently participating in exercises in the Persian Gulf. In late 1992 it was reported that one more sub was being outfitted near St. Petersburg, while another was under construction. John Lepingwell NEW GOVERNOR OF KRASNOYARSK KRAI. The second round of voting in elections of a new head of administration in Krasnoyarsk krai took place on 25-April, following an inconclusive first round on 11-April. "Radio Rossii" reported on 3 May that 39-year old Valerii Zubov, formerly in charge of economic management in the local administration, had been elected by almost half the electorate. He pledged to work constructively together with Russia's federal authorities. Zubov defeated 11 other candidates, including the former chairman of the krai soviet, Nikolai Kondratenko. -Wendy Slater PROBLEM OF RETURN OF INGUSH REFUGEES STILL NOT SOLVED. The president of the Ingush Republic, Ruslan Aushev, has sent a letter to Yeltsin expressing his concern about the delay in solving the question of the return of Ingush refugees to the Prigorodnyi raion of North Ossetia and saying that it was urgent that one of the top leaders of the Russian Federation should visit Ingushetia while the situation was still controllable, ITAR-TASS reported on 3 May, citing the press service of the temporary administration. An official of the administration said that its representatives were continuing to try to get the Ossetian and Ingush sides to agree on joint actions to check that the refugees were legally registered as residents of Prigorodnyi raion and had not participated in the armed clashes. A stumbling block is that many of the Ingush in Prigorodnyi raion did not have residence permits. Ann Sheehy KALMYK SUPREME SOVIET DISSOLVES ITSELF AT REQUEST OF PRESIDENT. At its last session on 30-April, the Kalmyk Supreme Soviet adopted three important documents, Ekho Moskvy reported. One was a law on amendments to the constitution, the second disbanded the 130-deputy Supreme Soviet and replaced it with a "professional parliament" consisting of 25 of the existing deputies, and the third was a decree abolishing the local soviets. These actions were taken at the request of the newly-elected president of Kalmykia, the 30-year-old billionaire Kirsan Ilyumzhinov. In his two weeks in office, Ilyumzhinov had already reorganized the council of ministers and reduced the state apparatus ten-fold, ITAR-TASS reported on 30 April. Unlike the Mordovian parliament's abolition of the presidency, the actions of the Kalmyk parliament have not provoked any action from Yeltsin or his supporters, but according to Russian television of 30 April, Ramazan Abdulatipov, chairman of the Russian parliament's Council of Nationalities, has asked parliamentary committees and commissions to prepare a report on the situation in Kalmykia. -Ann Sheehy TRANSCAUCASIA AND CENTRAL ASIA NEW PEACE PLAN PROPOSED FOR NAGORNO-KARABAKH. Meeting in Moscow on 29-30 April, the US, Turkey and Russia drew up a new peace plan for Nagorno-Karabakh intended to restart the stalled CSCE-sponsored negotiations, Western agencies reported on 3-May quoting Turkish Foreign Minister Hikmet Cetin. The plan calls for an immediate ceasefire followed by the withdrawal between 9-14 May of Armenian forces from Kelbadzhar and a two-month moratorium on all military activity beginning on 12 May. Peace talks would be held in Geneva on 17-22 May followed by a resumption of the CSCE-sponsored negotiations in Rome on 24-25 May. Details of the plan were submitted to the authorities in Erevan, Baku and Stepanakert on 3 May. -Liz Fuller KYRGYZSTAN ACCORDED DEVELOPING NATION STATUS. The Kyrgyz foreign ministry has announced that the republic has been accorded the status of a developing nation, ITAR-TASS reported on 27 April. This new status will reportedly entitle Kyrgyzstan to "all forms of economic assistance, " including preferential credits from the World Bank. In its "Social Indicators of Development 1993, " the World Bank estimated the 1991 per capita GNP for Kyrgyzstan to be $1,550, against $1,040 for Tajikistan, $1,350 for Uzbekistan, and $3,220 for the Russian Federation. -Keith Bush KYRGYZSTAN TO INTRODUCE OWN CURRENCY. Western and Russian news agencies reported on 3 May that Kyrgyzstan's Supreme Soviet had yielded to the appeals of President Askar Akaev and voted to introduce a national currency, the som, which will replace the ruble. Kyrgyzstan will therefore leave the ruble zone, as various government officials have been proposing it should for at least a year. The International Monetary Fund has encouraged Kyrgyzstan to leave the ruble zone promising a credit of $50 million to support the new currency. The World Bank has also promised $60 million. A number of industrialized states have offered an aid package to Kyrgyzstan not only to support the new currency, but to enable it to continue its market reform. Russian TV's evening news show traced Kyrgyzstan's action to the influence of Japan, which Akaev had visited two weeks earlier, and commented that a recent poll in Kyrgyzstan had shown that 70% of the population was opposed to a new economic shock. -Bess Brown CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE SECURITY COUNCIL PROCEEDING ON BOSNIAN PEACE PLAN. RFE/RL's UN corrrespondent reported on 3 May that Security Council President Yuli Vorontsov said that that body will hear reports on the Athens conference on 4 May from international negotiators Lord Owen and Cyrus Vance. The Council will then consider "what concrete actions" to take, going on the assumption that the Bosnian Serb parliament on 5 May will endorse Radovan Karadzic's signature. The mediators' spokesman, Fred Eckhard, said, "it is now between the Serbs" as to what happens next. Meanwhile, US Secretary of State Warren Christopher is continuing his tour of allied capitals to discuss military options. Major American dailies and the BBC on 4 May quote US television reports to the effect that a team of US military experts is already in Bosnia checking out possible targets. -Patrick Moore MORE SERBIAN OPPOSITION REACTION TO PEACE PLAN. Most opposition parties in Serbia-Montenegro approved the decision by Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic to sign the Vance-Owen peace plan on Bosnia. Dragoljub Micunovic, head of the Democratic Party said that political considerations should influence the Bosnian Serb assembly to ratify Karadzic's signature. Micunovic added that "extremists" who advocate a continuation of the war, including Vojislav Seselj's Radical Party and "all those who are against the Vance-Owen peace plan," should be "neutralized." Vuk Draskovic, president of the Serbian Renewal Movement, said he doubts that the Bosnian Serb assembly will accept the Vance-Owen plan. He told Studio B TV on 3 May, "we should now ask ourselves why the plan was not signed on 26 April at the previous session of the Bosnian Serb assembly, when such an action would have spared Serbia-Montenegro from sanctions." Radoslav Stojanovic, vice president of the Serbian Democratic Party, said the signing of the Vance-Owen plan means defeat of the regime's policy and expressed hope that this will not mean a defeat of the Serbian people as well. Novak Kilibarda, president of the National Party of Montenegro, said that Karadzic's signature on the plan does not only mean that "a situation of toleration in Bosnia and easing of sanctions have been reached" but also that "war-mongers and paramilitary profiteers have been removed from center stage." Radios Serbia and B92 carried the reports. -Milan Andrejevich SERBIAN RESERVATIONS AND REJECTION OF THE PLAN. Strong reservations are being expressed in Eastern Herzegovina as well. The prevailing opinion is that the Bosnian Serb parliament will verify Karadzic's signature on the Vance-Owen plan only on condition that Bosnian Serbs are offered some concession. Vojislav Seselj, leader of the Serbian Radical Party (SRS), the biggest opposition party in the federal and Serbian parliaments, said, however, that the self-declared assembly of Bosnian Serbs must not ratify the plan. He told a meeting of supporters in Montenegro: "They should not give in to pressure, even from Belgrade." There is talk in Belgrade that Seselj might attempt to destabilize the Socialist-dominated federal and republican governments by calling for a vote of confidence. Such a move would be viewed as an attempt to force the parliaments to accept key SRS members in a newly-formed government. Radio Serbia carried the report on 3 May. -Milan Andrejevich COMMITTEE ON CROAT-SERB TIES FORMED. Radio Croatia reports on 3 May that the Croatian Defense and National Security Council has established a special committee to determine the political criteria for normalizing relations with Serbia. The State Committee for the Normalization of Croatian-Serbian Relations is chaired by former Prime Minister Josip Manolic. Members of the committee include prominent Croat and Serb intellectuals. The committee's guidelines specify that it must be open to all suggestions regarding the normalization of relations. -Milan Andrejevich VAN DEN BROEK LEAVES PRAGUE-.-.-. EC Commissioner for External Relations and Security Hans van den Broek left Prague on 3 May, CTK reports. After his departure, Czech Foreign Minister Josef Zieleniec told journalists that he expects the conclusion of the new association agreement with the EC "very soon." Prime Minister Vaclav Klaus complained of a "certain crack in mutual trust" between the Czech Republic and the EC, however. He was referring to the recent EC ban of meat imports from Central and East European countries. Klaus added that the integration of the Czech Republic with the EC will probably not be possible "without certain changes in the EC." -Jan Obrman .-. .-AND ARRIVES IN BRATISLAVA. In the Slovak capital, van den Broek held talks with President Michal Kovac and Foreign Minister Jozef Moravcik. Slovak media quoted him as saying after the talks that the integration of the Czech Republic and Slovakia with the EC will also depend on the quality of relations between the two successor states to Czechoslovakia. Kovac told journalists that Slovakia's association treaty with the EC could be completed by September. Van den Broek also held a meeting with representatives of the Hungarian ethnic minority in Slovakia. Van den Broek travels to Budapest on 4 May to meet with Foreign Minister Geza Jeszenszky and other Hungarian leaders. -Jan Obrman MECIAR IN VIENNA. Slovak Prime Minister Vladimir Meciar held talks with Austrian Chancellor Franz Vranitzky and several other officials on 3 May, TASR reports. At a joint press conference after the meeting, Meciar and Vranitzky said that safety at nuclear power plants in Slovakia was among the topics discussed. Meciar said that the Soviet-designed reactor at Mochovce meets Western safety levels and that the EBRD is considering providing an estimated $1.2 billion for the plant's completion. The Slovak Prime Minister added that once Mochovce is ready, the other Slovak nuclear power plant at Jaslovske Bohunice can be closed. Austria has repeatedly requested the closure of all nuclear power plants in both Slovakia and the Czech Republic. -Jan Obrman KLAUS REJECTS NEED FOR A CZECH-SLOVAK SUMMIT. In an interview with Czech TV on 3 May, Czech Prime Minister Vaclav Klaus rejected the need for a Czech-Slovak summit on the distribution of former federal property for the time being. He said that he agrees with Vladimir Meciar on the continuation of talks on the expert level; until these talks produce some results there is no need for a top-level meeting. He indicated that such meetings are for the most part symbolic and tend to distract from the issues. Klaus' statements amounted to indirect criticism of President Vaclav Havel, who, at the suggestion of Meciar and Slovak President Michal Kovac, announced the summit for next week. Meciar said that the distribution of assets is too complicated to be dealt with by the prime ministers alone. -Jan Obrman SLOVENE PRIME MINISTER IN PRAGUE. On 3 May Janez Drnovsek arrived in Prague for a two-day official visit, Czech Radio reports. Following talks with President Havel and Prime Minister Klaus, Drnovsek told journalists that in terms of reform the Czech Republic and Slovenia will most likely be the two most successful among the Central and East European states. Drnovsek and Klaus are scheduled to sign a number of bilateral treaties on 4 May, including one on the liberalization of trade. The treaty will be succeeded by an agreement on the creation of a free-trade zone between the Czech Republic and Slovenia at a later point. -Jan Obrman QUEEN ELIZABETH IN HUNGARY. Hungarian media report that Queen Elizabeth II is paying her first visit to Hungary on 4-7 May at the invitation of President Arpad Goncz. She is accompanied by Prince Philip, Foreign Minister Douglas Hurd, and other officials. On 5 May the Queen will address parliament. The remainder of her program is cultural and philanthropic in nature, including visits to the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, museums, libraries, and the Kodaly High School in Kecskemet. -Judith Pataki HUNGARIAN ROAD PROTESTS TREATY WITH UKRAINE. Istvan Csurka's Hungarian Road movement has issued a statement protesting against Article 2 of the Hungarian-Ukrainian state treaty signed in 1991 and due to be ratified by the Hungarian parliament soon, MTI reports. In that article, both countries renounce any territorial claims against each other, a clause the Hungarian Road finds "incomprehensible" and "regrettable" because it dashes what that movement sees as the hopes of Hungarians abroad for any future "peaceful settlement"-i.e. border revision. This view contradicts not only the foreign policy goals expressed by Prime Minister Jozsef Antall during his April 30 meeting with Ukrainian President Leonid Kravchuk in Uzhhorod, but also the wishes of Transcarpathia's Magyar minority: their leader, Sandor Fodo, has specifically asked Hungary's parliament to ratify the treaty as soon as possible because good Hungarian-Ukrainian relations are of paramount importance to that minority. -Alfred Reisch UKRAINIAN PARLIAMENT POSTPONES START-1. Parliament has postponed formal consideration of START-1 until the week of 4 June, AFP reported on 3-May. The postponement was reportedly prompted by a desire to wait and see whether a new constitution is adopted in Russia, since the nature of the new constitution could affect Ukrainian security. Hearings by a special parliamentary group concerning the treaty may, however continue in the meantime. ITAR-TASS on 3 May reported that future Ukrainian-Russian negotiations over nuclear weapons will be conducted at the level of deputy prime minister or higher. This may leave Yurii Kostenko, the former head of the Ukrainian team, out of the negotiating sessions. Kostenko recently prompted a Russian protest with an assertion that Ukraine is at present a nuclear state, a position disclaimed by the Ukrainian government. -John Lepingwell POLAND MARKS CONSTITUTION DAY, "BUY POLISH" CAMPAIGN OPENS. At ceremonies marking the anniversary of the adoption of the 3 May 1791 Constitution-the first written constitution in Europe, President Lech Walesa said that Poland now needs the same "wise and far-sighted compromise" and "civic maturity" demonstrated by the constitution's framers. Walesa said that the 3 May Constitution is proof that the nation is capable of renewal when it is master of its own fate. During ceremonies at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in Warsaw, Walesa awarded the nation's highest honor, the Order of the White Eagle, to Pope John Paul-II. In separate ceremonies, Walesa and Prime Minister Hanna Suchocka looked on as 15 superior Polish products, including a no-stick saucepan, an airplane, a vacuum cleaner, and a brand of pickles, were awarded a "Now Poland" seal as part of a campaign to promote competitive domestic wares. The holiday was marred by an ugly incident in Cracow, where several hundred right-wing demonstrators shouted "traitors," "agents," and "Poland for Poles" at a government minister. Police were called in to disperse an aggressive crowd, PAP reports. -Louisa Vinton BEROV: CABINET RESHUFFLE IMMINENT. In an interview with Standart on 3 May, Bulgarian Prime Minister Lyuben Berov stated that his cabinet will be restructured as soon as the 1993 budget has been adopted by parliament. Berov indicated that there would be at least three new ministers. He said the cabinet needs a regular minister of transportation-a job currently performed by Deputy Premier Neycho Neev-and a division of the unwieldy ministry of culture, education, and science. Berov also said he will select a "neutral" minister of foreign affairs, a position he until now has held himself. -Kjell Engelbrekt BULGARIA CANCELS PLANS TO DEMOLISH RED ARMY MONUMENT. The government has ordered the municipal authorities to cancel all plans on dismantling the 40-meter Red Army monument in the center of Sofia, BTA reported on 3 May. Challenging the city authorities, which are dominated by the Union of Democratic Forces, the government argues that the monument is state property. Spokesman Raycho Raykov also told reporters that the cabinet has requested the Foreign Ministry to begin consultations with Russia on how to solve the issue, in accordance with Article 14 of the Russian-Bulgarian friendship treaty signed last year. A declaration by the Russian Supreme Soviet calling for the problem to be settled "in a civilized manner" had on 29 April led to turmoil and scuffles in the Bulgarian National Assembly. -Kjell Engelbrekt ROMANIAN OPPOSITION CALLS FOR ACTION TO PREVENT STRIKE. On 3 May the main opposition parties in parliament called on President Ion Iliescu and the government to be more flexible in talks with trade unions. In a declaration broadcast by Radio Bucharest on the same day, the joint declaration says that if a national strike is declared on 5 May by the unions, the signatories will hold the government and the parties that back it in parliament, responsible for the likely serious economic impact. President Iliescu rejected the declaration, accusing the opposition parties of attempting to make political capital out of the situation. A new round of talks between premier Nicolae Vacaroiu and the unions on 4 May did not close the gap on the main issues. Meanwhile, subway employees in Bucharest continue their strike, which paralyzes subway traffic from 4 a.m. to 4 p.m. -Michael Shafir "DNIESTER" SECURITY MINISTER OUTLINES POLICY .-.-. Interviewed in Literaturnaya gazeta no.-15 the State Security Minister of the "Dniester republic", who goes by the name Vadim Shevtsov, said the area had recreated a Soviet state structure anticipating the building of communism in a restored USSR. He added that "to stabilize the situation in the country it is necessary to knock a certain number of people out of circulation-.-.-. Currently in the Dniester Republic we must operate with the methods of 1945-1947 when any act counter to the existing order was treated as a crime against the state." "Yeltsin's goal is the destruction of the [Russian] state," he continued, and "the dismemberment of the USSR was the program of the CIA, accomplished by Gorbachev and Yakovlev, [who] did it for the money." The remarks confirm the Dniester leaders' view of their role in preserving the Soviet political system in the area under their control and securing a territorial base for imperial restoration. -Vladimir Socor .-.-.-AND BOASTS OF KGB, MVD CONNECTIONS. In the same interview Shevtsov confirmed that his real name is Col. Vladimir Antyufeev, former senior officer of the OMON unit in Riga. He identified his deputy security minister as Mikhail Lysenko-now known in Tiraspol as Major Kudryavyi-the former commander of workers' paramilitary detachments in Tallinn, and that two other deputy ministers of security are "patriots who arrived from Russia. The first deputy minister of internal affairs, Goncharenko, is another senior ex-OMON officer in Riga. Shevtsov noted that the "Dniester republic" Supreme Soviet unanimously passed motions "On defending the honor and dignity" of these officials, all of whom are among the KGB and OMON officers wanted for trial in Latvia and Estonia for their crimes. Finally, Shevtsov disclosed that in the wake of the defeated communist putsch the ex-Moldovan KGB managed to remove its archive to Tiraspol, suggesting that the "Dniester republic" has from the outset been viewed as a sanctuary by KGB and MVD officials on the run. Vladimir Socor BILDT URGES BALTICS TO TAKE FULL CONTROL OF THEIR BORDERS. Swedish Prime Minister Carl Bildt told Swedish TV that the Baltic States should seek complete control of their borders and acquire the facilities to monitor them. Since it is not possible for the Baltics to maintain an adequate defense system against an offensive military force, Bildt stressed that the security of the Baltic States must be ensured by political means. Bildt also noted that Sweden has decided to present Estonia with two more unarmed patrol boats, BNS reported on 3 May. Swedish diplomats are holding a two-day meeting in Riga to discuss issues related to regional security and political and economic development. -Dzintra Bungs EUROPEAN DEFENSE OFFICIALS MEET IN RIGA. Defense ministers from Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Ukraine, and Moldova, as well as representatives from Belarus, Poland, Romania, the Czech Republic, and Slovakia met in Riga on 3 May to discuss common problems of defense and security and to develop regular contacts. Another issue that was discussed was the presence of Russian troops in the various participating countries. No communique was adopted, Baltic media report. -Dzintra Bungs WILL LITHUANIAN AMBASSADOR TO US BE REPLACED? ALTHOUGH NO FORMAL ANNOUNCEMENT HAS BEEN MADE, IT SEEMS PROBABLE THAT PRESIDENT ALGIRDAS BRAZAUSKAS WILL RECALL STASYS LOZORAITIS AS LITHUANIA'S AMBASSADOR TO WASHINGTON, RADIO LITHUANIA REPORTED ON 3 MAY. Brazauskas said that there were no political aspects in recalling his former presidential opponent; rather he cited Lozoraitis's failure to maintain proper contact with authorities at home. Opposition leader Vytautas Landsbergis told a press conference that the recall would be a great loss to Lithuania. Foreign Minister Povilas Gylys indicated that Lozoraitis would be most likely replaced by Vytautas Cekanavicius the Lithuanian honorary consul in Los Angeles. Cekanavicius, however, holds US, not Lithuanian citizenship. -Saulius Girnius LITHUANIA BARS FODDER SHIPMENT FROM ITALY. On 30 April Lithuania followed the example of Estonia and Latvia by barring a ship from Italy carrying 5,400 tons of fodder, worth about $2 million, from unloading because of the fear of hoof-and-mouth disease infection, Radio Lithuania reported on 3 May. Of the 53,000 tons of fodder that Italy has pledged to donate, 15,000 arrived in Lithuania earlier this year. Italian Ambassador Franco Tempesta has appealed to the animal disease center in Paris for confirmation of the outbreak of the disease in Italy. -Saulius Girnius [As of 1200 CET] Compiled by Ustina Markus and Charles Trumbull THE RFE/RL DAILY REPORT IS PRODUCED BY THE RFE/RL RESEARCH INSTITUTE (A DIVISION OF RADIO FREE EUROPE/RADIO LIBERTY, INC.) with the assistance of the RFE/RL News and Current Affairs Division (NCA). The report is available by electronic mail via LISTSERV (RFERL-L@UBVM.CC.BUFFALO.EDU), on the Sovset' computer bulletin board, by fax, and by postal mail. For inquiries about specific news items, subscriptions, or additional copies, please contact: in North America: Mr. Brian Reed, RFE/RL, Inc., 1201 Connecticut Avenue NW, Washington, DC-20036 Telephone: (202) 457-6912 or -6907; Fax: (202) 457-6992 or 828-8783; Internet: RIDC@RFERL.ORG or Elsewhere: Ms. Helga Hofer, Publications Department, RFE/RL Research Institute, Oettingenstrasse 67, 8000 Munich 22, Germany;.Telephone: (+49 89) 2102-2631 or -2624; Fax: (+49 89) 2102-2648, Internet: PD@RFERL.ORG 1993, RFE/RL, Inc. All rights reserved.RFE/RL Daily Report
write to us
with your comments and suggestions.