|Every man passes his life in the search after friendship. - Emerson|
No. 83, 03 May 1993
RUSSIA KHASBULATOV CALLS FOR LIMITED SUPPORT OF YELTSIN. In an article in the parliamentary newspaper Rossiiskaya gazeta of 30 April, the parliament's speaker Ruslan Khasbulatov said people's deputies should support President Yeltsin's reform program as long as it remains within "reasonable limits" and as long as the president does not violate the Constitution. Khasbulatov admitted that the 25 April referendum demonstrated people's broad-based support for Yeltsin and his reform program. In his very first comment on the results of the referendum, Khasbulatov maintained that "no one has won the referendum." The speaker also insisted that the adoption of a new Russian Constitution remains the prerogative of the Congress of People's Deputies. -Vera Tolz SECRETARY OF CONSTITUTIONAL COMMISSION CRITICIZES YELTSIN'S DRAFT OF CONSTITUTION. Executive secretary of the parliamentary Constitutional Commission, Oleg Rumyantsev, criticized on 30 April the text of the draft constitution that has been worked out under the supervision of the prominent lawyer Sergei Alekseev and is supported by President Yeltsin. Rumyantsev was quoted by the Russian media as saying that the draft Constitution, the full text of which was unveiled on 29 April, changes the balance of power too much in favor of the president, and curbs some basic powers of the legislature and judiciary. Rumyantsev complained that the draft also gives too much power to the republics of the Russian Federation, leaving its regions (Oblasts and Krais) in a disadvantageous position. According to Rumyantsev, such a draft if adopted "might provoke further separatism" in the Russian Federation. Rumyantsev also opposed the idea of holding a Constituent Assembly to adopt a new constitution, emphasizing that the Russian legislation gives the right to adopt a constitution only to the Congress of People's Deputies. -Vera Tolz PARLIAMENT UNVEILS ITS OWN DRAFT CONSTITUTION. On 30 April, Rumyantsev unveiled a draft constitution worked out by his parliamentary Constitutional Commission, Russian and Western news agencies reported. This draft agrees with the draft supported by President Yeltsin that the Congress of People's Deputies and the current Supreme Soviet should be abolished and replaced with a new two-chamber parliament. But Rumyantsev's draft gives more power to the new parliament than Yeltsin's draft does. The parliamentary draft requires the president to get parliament's approval for all cabinet appointments and also for other high-ranking posts in the government and the judiciary. Yeltsin's draft calls for parliament to have the right to approve or reject only the president's nomination for the post of prime minister. The parliament's draft retains the post of vice president, which Yeltsin's draft wants to abolish. And it would prohibit the president from unilaterally dissolving parliament-the power that Yeltsin's draft gives to the president. Rumyantsev said some members of his commission want to meet with Yeltsin to negotiate the differences between the drafts. -Vera Tolz VIOLENCE AT MAY DAY DEMONSTRATIONS. A Labor Day demonstration organized by various pro-communist and nationalist groups who stand in opposition to President Yeltsin erupted in violence when the security forces attempted to prevent some 2,000 demonstrators from marching on Red Square and then from moving the rally to the Vorobevye Hills, various Russian and Western media reported. The Moscow Mayor's office had stipulated a different route for the protest march after Yeltsin had issued a decree on 29-April banning demonstrations from being held near to government buildings. The Russian Interior Ministry said on 2 May that 12 demonstrators and 27 police had been hospitalized; estimates put the number of those injured at about 150. The demonstrators claimed that one of their number had been killed, although they failed to produce evidence of this. A small group of about 300-demonstrators continued their protest outside the parliament on 2 May, calling for the convening of an emergency session of the Congress of People's Deputies. -Wendy Slater REACTION TO MAY DAY VIOLENCE. Russian media reported that several investigations have been ordered into the 1 May demonstrations, including one by President Yeltsin, one by the Moscow prosecutor's office and one by parliamentary speaker Ruslan Khasbulatov. Yeltsin's press spokesman Vyacheslav Kostikov called the events "a provocation by neocommunists" defeated in the recent referendum. He accused the demonstration's organizers of having employed armed squads. The parliamentary press service also issued a statement on 1 May accusing the law-enforcement agencies of provoking the disorder and of using excessive force to halt it. The events demonstrated the split in society exacerbated by the recent referendum, the statement said, and had been used by "those who will stop at nothing in taking extreme measures to limit citizens' democratic rights and freedoms." -Wendy Slater NEW FIRST DEPUTY PRIME MINISTER APPOINTED. On 30 April, President Yeltsin appointed Oleg Soskovets to be first deputy prime minister in charge of industry, an RFE/RL correspondent and Reuters reported. Soskovets will be the third first deputy prime minister, together with Vladimir Shumeiko and Oleg Lobov, and will thus be superior to leading reformers such as Fedorov and Chubais. Qualifying for the labels "industrialist" and "pragmatist," Soskovets, who is 44 years old, is a Russian born in Kazakhstan. He was USSR Minister of Metallurgy in 1991, and served as First Deputy Prime Minister in Kazakhstan in 1992. There he headed the Kazakh Union of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs, which had close links to its Russian counterpart headed by Arkadii Volsky. -Keith Bush RUSSIA PLEDGES TO MEET IMF GOALS. Russia has promised to observe conditions set by the International Monetary Fund in order to qualify for further aid, an REF/RL correspondent and The Washington Post reported on 2 May. The head of the Russian delegation to the annual spring meeting of the IMF and World Bank, Deputy Prime Minister Aleksandr Shokhin, told a news conference in Washington that his government wants to reduce inflation to 5% a month and the budget deficit to 5% of GDP by the end of the year. The IMF's managing director has said that the first payment of credit under its "systemic transformation facility" could be made as soon as June, provided that the Russian government follows up on its promises. -Keith Bush RUSSIAN URANIUM SALES TO BE DISCUSSED. The Russian Minister of Atomic Energy, Victor Mikhailov will arrive in Washington on 3 May to discuss Russian sales of uranium to the US. According to an ITAR-TASS report of 2 May, Mikhailov will continue negotiations on the price of Russian enriched uranium extracted from dismantled warheads as well as the antidumping agreement that regulates the sale of Russian nuclear reactor fuel in the US. Ukraine recently pulled out of an antidumping agreement, and Russia may also be dissatisfied with the current restrictions on entry into the US market. -John Lepingwell JAPAN TO HELP DISPOSE OF RUSSIAN PLUTONIUM? ITAR-TASS REPORTED ON 1 MAY THAT JAPAN WILL PROVIDE UP TO $88 MILLION TO HELP STORE AND ELIMINATE THE PLUTONIUM EXTRACTED FROM RUSSIAN NUCLEAR WEAPONS. Japan will participate in a proposed international committee that will assist in the secure storage and eventual elimination of the plutonium. Japan's aid will reportedly concentrate on development of mixed uranium-plutonium fuel, design of breeder reactors, and means of disposing of radioactive waste. Japanese interest in all of these areas is high, as it has an ongoing plutonium fuel-cycle program, and is concerned about the state of radioactive fuel and materials in the Russian Pacific Fleet, which pose a potential radiation contamination hazard in the region. -John Lepingwell TRANSCAUCASIA AND CENTRAL ASIA HEAD OF MUSLIM RELIGIOUS BOARD REPLACED IN TASHKENT. Officials of the Muslim Religious Board of Mavarannahr (Transoxiana) told the RL Uzbek Service on 30 April that the board's ruling council had elected Mukhtarkhan Abdullaev, imam of the Naqshibandi Mosque near Bukhara, to head the board. Abdullaev assumes the title of Mufti. The former chairman, Muhammadsadyk Muhammad-Yusuf, is to be given the post of first deputy to the new mufti, Uzbek media reported on 1 May. Muhammad-Yusuf, hospitalized in Tashkent, declined to comment to the RL Uzbek Service on his replacement but complained that Religious Board officials had given the media false information about his whereabouts, saying that he was on vacation. There were two previous attempts to remove Muhammad-Yusuf, in 1990 and 1991, by assemblies of Uzbek Muslim clergy who were unhappy at his subservience to the state authorities. Sources in Tashkent report that he has been criticized recently in the press of Uzbekistan. The Religious Board in Tashkent was formerly responsible for all of Central Asia but now covers only Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan. Tajikistan formally withdrew earlier in 1993. -Bess Brown IRANIAN ROLE IN TURKMENISTAN'S PETROLEUM DEVELOPMENT. Western and Russian news agencies reported on 30 April and 2 May that a visit by Iran's minister of commerce to Turkmenistan has resulted in agreements between the two countries to set up a joint company for the transportation of petroleum products and the reconstruction of Turkmenistan's refineries. Iran is also to build a plant in Turkmenistan to manufacture motor oil. In late April Turkmenistan's President Saparmurad Niyazov announced that Turkmenistan would seek petroleum independence by reviving its moribund oil industry. The agreements with Iran appear to be part of that plan. -Bess Brown CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE "A HAPPY DAY IN THE BALKANS, A DAY OF SUNSHINE." That is what mediator Lord Owen told the BBC on 2 May regarding the Bosnian Serbs' decision to sign the Vance-Owen plan for Bosnia-Herzegovina's constitutional future. The presidents of Serbia, Croatia, and Bosnia, together with the Croat and Serb leaders in that embattled republic, had met for two days in Athens, during which time Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic reportedly put immense pressure on Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic to sign. The Los Angeles Times of 3 May quotes Lord Owen as saying: "Now we've managed to get the Serbs arguing among themselves." Milosevic wanted the Bosnian Serbs to endorse the plan so that the UN could start lifting sanctions against Serbia-Montenegro, although the world body will do so only slowly and as the agreement is implemented. Belgrade also sought to try to deter any foreign military intervention, which Washington said on 1 May it is now considering, and US Secretary of State Warren Christopher is continuing a journey to consult with major European partners. One conference source said that the Serbs "knew it was either sign or obliteration." -Patrick Moore "THE SIGNING WAS THE EASY PART," A UN SPOKESMAN TOLD THE LOS ANGELES DAILY ABOUT THE PROSPECTS FOR THE AGREEMENT ACTUALLY COMING INTO FORCE. Western and Bosnian Muslim leaders were virtually unanimous in saying that it now remains to be seen whether the Serbs will live up to their promises, which is less than certain, given their track record. Karadzic signed only under pressure from Belgrade, and his signature still must be approved on 5 May by the Bosnian Serb parliament, a body that has twice in recent weeks rejected the Vance-Owen plan in unanimous votes. The Serbs' main objection to the agreement is that it deprives them of a linkup of contiguous territories to connect Serbia proper with Serb-held territories in Croatia and Bosnia. Karadzic told the BBC on 2 May that he will resign if the legislature does not endorse his signature, but added that "the Bosnian Serbs' ambitions are neither dead nor buried but merely postponed." Bosnian President Alija Izetbegovic called for an immediate cease-fire as a "test" of Serbian intentions as Sarajevo continued to be shelled. -Patrick Moore MIXED SERBIAN REACTIONS. Radio Serbia and Radio Brod report mixed feelings among Serb leaders over Karadzic's signing of the peace plan. Momcilo Krajisnik, president of the self-proclaimed Bosnian Serb assembly said, "I believe the agreement must be reworked and cannot be accepted in its present form". Bosnian Serb Prime Minister Vladimir Lukic said the assembly cannot accept the plan without alterations, and several deputies were quoted as saying that Belgrade had betrayed them by pressing for Karadzic's signature. Karadzic, however, told reporters that Belgrade did not force him to sign. Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic stated the UN-sponsored plan for Bosnia offers a "fair peace" and urged the Bosnian Serb assembly to endorse it. Milosevic told Belgrade TV that the remaining problems "should be resolved at the negotiating table rather than on the battlefield." Federal President Dobrica Cosic said the Athens agreement is a decisive step towards peace and eliminates the need for the military action under consideration in the United States. Cosic, Milosevic, and Momir Bulatovic, president of Montenegro, said they were ready to go to the Serb stronghold of Pale near Sarajevo to persuade the assembly to endorse the plan. Most Serbian opposition parties backed the peace plan, though most expressed concern over the issue of corridors. -Milan Andrejevich MILOSEVIC SLAMS BOSNIAN SERB EXTREMISTS. According to independent radio B92 on 2 May, Milosevic called on Bosnian Serb legislators to turn their backs on extremists. He was apparently alluding to hard-line Bosnian Serb Vice President Biljana Plavsic, who recently said that even if six million Serbs died in the war, there would still be six million left. Milosevic said people who put about such ideas should be, "if not put in hospital, at the least banned from holding public office." -Milan Andrejevich ROMANIA TIGHTENS EMBARGO. Western correspondents report that on 30 April a number of measures were announced to tighten the embargo against rump Yugoslavia, including prohibition on transport of any goods to Serbia and Montenegro over the Romanian border; prohibiting entrance of any ship coming from former Yugoslavia; restricting truck and train passage to two border points; and seizure of all ships, freight trucks, trains and aircraft suspected of violating the embargo. On the other hand, Romania may try to mediate the conflict. A presidential spokesman said on 1 May that consultations are underway for a possible visit by President Ion Iliescu to Ljubljana and Zagreb and a stopover in Belgrade for meetings with officials there is also being contemplated. -Michael Shafir PREPARATIONS FOR CZECH SLOVAK SUMMIT. Ladislav Spacek, a spokesman for Czech President Vaclav Havel, said on 2 May that preparations for a summit on the distribution of former Czechoslovak property are underway, Czech TV reports. Indicating that the meeting will take place in about a week, Spacek said that it will be attended by the Czech and Slovak presidents, prime ministers, foreign ministers, and finance ministers. The meeting was proposed by Slovak Premier Vladimir Meciar after a Slovak delegation failed to attend property division talks last week and after an emergency meeting between him and his Czech counterpart Vaclav Klaus on 30 April in Brno. Meciar was quoted as saying that the distribution of former federal property is "so complicated" that the prime ministers alone cannot solve it. -Jan Obrman VAN DEN BROEK IN PRAGUE. On 2 May, EC Commissioner for Foreign Relations and Security Policy Hans van den Broek arrived in Prague for talks on cooperation between the European Community and the Czech Republic, CTK reports. On the first day of his visit, van den Broek met with President Vaclav Havel, whose press office said after the meeting that the EC is close to signing association agreements with both the Czech Republic and Slovakia. The commissioner also told Havel that cooperation with regional groups such as the Visegrad Group is considered important and helpful. Visegrad, he said, is not seen by the EC as an alternative to EC integration, but rather as an addition to it. On 3-May van den Broek is scheduled to meet with Prime Minister Vaclav Klaus and travel to Bratislava. -Jan Obrman MECIAR IN VIENNA. Slovak Prime Minister Vladimir Meciar has left for a two-day official visit to Austria, TASR reported on 3 May. In an interview with the Austrian news agency APA, Meciar said that he is "dissatisfied with Slovakia's limited economic relations with Austria." He said in this context that the "bad image" of Slovakia's economy does not correspond to reality and that while some predicted an economic collapse in March or April, it has still not happened. On the question of Slovakia's ethnic minorities, Meciar told APA that he would be willing to allow international experts to examine his policy and would honor the ruling of international bodies. Only in South Tyrol, he said, are ethnic minority rights "slightly better protected than in Slovakia." Meciar indicated in the interview that his Movement for a Democratic Slovakia is willing to enter a coalition with one of the other parties, but that it is also possible to gain support for his minority government. -Jan Obrman MECIAR ON RELATIONSHIP WITH MEDIA. In the APA interview, Meciar also addressed his allegedly bad relationship with the media. He said that his attitude towards journalists is much better than the attitude of journalists towards him, and that the West often does not understand the situation in Slovakia. "We have total freedom of the press but this does not mean we also have a democratic press," Meciar was quoted as saying. "Freedom means, at the same time, responsibility for accuracy and quality of the information, and here my opinion and the views of journalists differ slightly. As to freedom of the press I say yes, but as to publishing unverified information and blackening a reputation, I say no," he stressed. -Jan Obrman PRIVATIZATION VICTORY SHORES UP POLISH COALITION. Prime Minister Hanna Suchocka called the Sejm's acceptance of mass privatization legislation on 30 April "a significant step forward in reforming the country" and a shot in the arm for the ruling coalition. The Senate and the president are expected to give final approval to the program in the next two weeks, as is required for "urgent" legislation. The government received more support in the crucial vote from the postcommunist Democratic Left than from coalition member the Christian National Union, Polish TV reports. Suchocka was quick to stress that no "political contract" had been reached with the Democratic Left, but one opposition party condemned mass privatization as "harmful to Poland" because it has postcommunist support. Democratic Left members were forced in turn to defend their votes in favor of mass privatization during May Day meetings with supporters. Meanwhile, the 19-member Peasant Alliance reaffirmed its decision to leave the governing coalition on 1 May, despite conciliatory gestures by members of the government on agricultural pricing policy. -Louisa Vinton CLUJ CALLS FOR REFERENDUM ON UNIVERSITY. The Cluj city council voted on 1 May to hold a local referendum on the Magyar minority's demand to reestablish the Hungarian-language university. A referendum would likely reject the proposal, since most Cluj residents are ethnic Romanians, many of them having moved there from other parts of the country with the communist authorities' encouragement. The government in Bucharest would not be bound by the referendum, but Western observers who reported on the vote emphasized that its slim parliamentary majority depends on the support of the Party of Romanian National Unity, whose president is the Romanian nationalist mayor of Cluj, Gheorghe Funar. The council's vote was 15-1 in favor of Funar's proposal. The six council members who are ethnic Hungarians abstained. The university was abolished by the communist authorities in 1959. -Michael Shafir STRIKE THREAT PERSISTS IN ROMANIA. An attempt by President Ion Iliescu to mediate in the conflict between trade unions threatening to declare a general strike on 5 May and the government has ended without any definite conclusions. Further talks are planned for 3 May. On 1 May the radio said Iliescu opposed the strike. Union leaders said they will decide on 3-May whether to go ahead with it. The government has agreed to raise the minimum monthly wage to 28,350 lei ($46), from 17,500 lei ($28) and Radio Bucharest on 1-May quoted Premier Nicolae Vacaroiu as saying the possibility of further raises will be discussed once more. The new unsubsidized prices went into effect on 1 May. The price of bread has been raised fourfold; heating prices are expected to rise ninefold; and public transportation fivefold. The price of gasoline will almost double. In many parts of the country bread and other basic foodstuffs have disappeared from shops. The labor conflict may also reach the courts. The Fratia trade union confederation announced it is seeking legal procedures against Vacaroiu over remarks he made about the union during a televised speech on 9 April, an RFE/RL correspondent reports. Bucharest's subway network employees announced they will strike on 3 May. -Michael-Shafir BULGARIA RAISES UTILITIES CHARGES. From 1-May the charges for energy, mail, and telephone services have risen by an average of more than 30%, agencies in Sofia report. Whereas nonprivate users will have to pay 5.5% more for electricity, consumer prices rose by 50%. Heating charges are up by 60% for private households, 68.3% for public institutions (hospitals, schools, the military) and 135% for commercial users. Mail and phone charges are being doubled. Bulgarian trade unions have accepted the increases, though the government had to promise these will remain unchanged until May 1994. -Kjell Engelbrekt POSITION OF BUDAPEST CHIEF RABBI ABOLISHED. The Jewish Religious Council of Hungary along with the Jewish religious community representatives in Budapest have voted to change the statutes of the community and abolish the position of the Budapest Chief Rabbi, Radio Budapest reported on 2 May. The title will cease to exist in 15 days, and the Budapest rabbis will fulfill the duties on a rotating basis thereafter. The move follows a controversy in Hungary over a recent statement by Chief Rabbi Gyorgy Landeszmann that without Jewish contributions, Hungarian culture would amount to very little. The Jewish community leaders abolished the position instead of firing Landeszmann, who was on a trip to the United States at the time. -Judith Pataki HUNGARY TO INTRODUCE EMERGENCY ECOLOGICAL MEASURES. According to a 30-April AFP report, the Hungarian government has decided to introduce emergency measures in order to avert an ecological catastrophe in the Szigetkoz area. The catastrophic situation in the natural reserve region was created by Slovakia's diversion of the Danube to feed the Gabcikovo power plant. Spokeswomen Judit Juhasz is quoted as saying that the government ordered the construction of a temporary submerged dam at the 1,843-kilometer point on the Hungarian section of the river in order to ensure better water supply for the river's branches. Parts of the lock at Dunakiliti will also have to be put to use to regulate the water level. The Finance Minister has been instructed to allocate money to carry out the measures. -Judith Pataki HUNGARIAN-UKRAINIAN SUMMIT IN TRANSCARPATHIA. Ukrainian President Leonid Kravchuk and Hungarian Prime Minister Jozsef Antall, accompanied by Foreign Ministers Anatolii Zlenko and Geza Jeszenszky, met on 30 April in Uzhhorod, Transcarpathia, Radio Budapest reported. It was their fourth meeting since December 1991. the most recent one taking place in February 1993 in Budapest. At a joint press conference, Antall called Ukraine a "factor of stability" in Europe and said Hungary is ready to cooperate with Kiev in international organizations in working out the Ukrainian proposal made at the 28 April CSCE meeting in Prague for the creation of a new regional security group including the Baltic States, Belarus, Moldova, and Ukraine, as well as the East European states and Austria. According to Kravchuk, this would not be a new kind of Warsaw Pact but an attempt to cooperate closely with NATO and keep Ukraine within an all-European security system. Antall said that he is confident that Hungary's parliament will ratify the bilateral Hungarian-Ukrainian treaty after debate next week. He expressed his interest in the personal, educational, and cultural autonomy of Transcarpathia's Magyar minority and said Hungary and Ukraine will jointly prepare the textbooks to be used in the oblast's Hungarian schools. -Alfred Reisch MAY DAY IN KIEV.-.-. Thousands of people demonstrated at separate rallies in the Ukrainian capital, Western news agencies report. About 3,000 were reported to have gathered in Kiev demanding, among other things, the lifting of the ban on the Communist Party, restoration of the Soviet Union, and better social services. Counterdemonstrators are said to have taunted the communist supporters, but no violent incidents were reported. According to the leader of the Socialist Party of Ukraine, Oleksandr Moroz, the communist party will be legalized by the Presidium of the Ukrainian parliament at its session on 3 May. -Roman Solchanyk .-.-. AND IN LATVIA AND ESTONIA. Several thousand persons rallied in Riga to mark the official holiday. The peaceful demonstration was organized by the Latvian Organization of Independent Trade Unions and focused on workers' problems concerning job security, housing, and social security, Radio Riga reports. In Estonia, May Day was observed principally by the Russian-speaking population. The largest demonstration took place in Narva, where 15,000 demonstrators adopted a statement demanding the Estonian government stabilize the region's economy. In the town of Kohtla-Jaerve, where Estonians comprise only a small portion of the population, about 300 persons demanded the Estonian government end unemployment, implement an economic crisis program, and raise the living standard of the elderly. -Dzintra Bungs NEW ESTONIAN AMBASSADOR TO US. On 30 April President Lennart Meri appointed Toomas Hendrik Ilves as Estonia's ambassador to the United States, BNS reports. Meri accepted the resignation of 87-year-old Ambassador Ernst Jaakson, who will nevertheless remain as Estonia's ambassador to the United Nations. Ilves, born in 1953 in Stockholm, was Estonian research analyst at Radio Free Europe Research from 1984 to 1988 and served as the head of the RFE Estonian Service from 1988 until 1993. Unlike most Estonian-Americans who returned to Estonia to work, Ilves gave up his American citizenship on 1 April. -Saulius Girnius 22 GROUPS FIELD CANDIDATES IN LATVIAN ELECTIONS. The Central Elections Commission announced that the candidate lists and documentation submitted by 22 political parties and coalitions are in order for the 5-6 June elections. BNS also reported on 30 April that the CEC had clarified its position concerning Joachim Siegerist, the controversial candidate of Latvia's National Independence Movement. Siegerist grew up in Germany and has not yet learned Latvian. The commission said that the election laws do not require a candidate to be fluent in Latvian, but the law on state language does require fluency in Latvian for members of parliament and, if elected, Siegerist will probably have to take a language test. -Dzintra Bungs NEW POLITICAL PARTY IN LITHUANIA ESTABLISHED. On 1 May at a founding congress attended by more than 700 delegates, the Motherland Union was established, the RFE/RL Lithuanian Service reports. The new party, which consists of members of Sajudis, approved a neoconservative program and elected Vytautas Landsbergis as its chairman. His nominations of three deputy chairmen, Antanas Stasiskis, Juozas Katkus, and Mecys Laurinkus, and former Prime Minister Gediminas Vagnorius to head the party's board were approved. Also accepted were Vagnorius's nominations of 11 other board members, 6 of whom are Seimas deputies. It appears likely that Sajudis will end its activities at a Congress to be held in May. -Saulius Girnius [As of 1200 CET] Compiled by Ustina Markus and Charles Trumbull THE RFE/RL DAILY REPORT IS PRODUCED BY THE RFE/RL RESEARCH INSTITUTE (A DIVISION OF RADIO FREE EUROPE/RADIO LIBERTY, INC.) with the assistance of the RFE/RL News and Current Affairs Division (NCA). The report is available by electronic mail via LISTSERV (RFERL-L@UBVM.CC.BUFFALO.EDU), on the Sovset' computer bulletin board, by fax, and by postal mail. For inquiries about specific news items, subscriptions, or additional copies, please contact: in North America: Mr. Brian Reed, RFE/RL, Inc., 1201 Connecticut Avenue NW, Washington, DC-20036 Telephone: (202) 457-6912 or -6907; Fax: (202) 457-6992 or 828-8783; Internet: RIDC@RFERL.ORG or Elsewhere: Ms. Helga Hofer, Publications Department, RFE/RL Research Institute, Oettingenstrasse 67, 8000 Munich 22, Germany;.Telephone: (+49 89) 2102-2631 or -2624; Fax: (+49 89) 2102-2648, Internet: PD@RFERL.ORG 1993, RFE/RL, Inc. All rights reserved.
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