|Я чту человека, способного улыбаться в беде, черпать силы в горе и находить источник мужества в размышлении. - Томас Пейн|
No. 79, 27 April 1993
RUSSIA NO LARGE-SCALE VOTING IRREGULARITIES. The chairman of the central electoral commission Vasilii Kazakov and the Russian Prosecutor General's office both issued statements on 26 April denying that there had been any large-scale violations of voting regulations during the referendum, according to ITAR-TASS. Only isolated violations were reported, which would not affect the final result. The statements were supported by foreign monitors of the voting, according to Western agencies. The evidence counters unsubstantiated claims by Russian parliamentary chairman Ruslan Khasbulatov who had told reporters as he voted that fraud had influenced results in the Russian Far East. -Wendy Slater KHASBULATOV ON REFERENDUM RESULTS. Parliamentary speaker Ruslan Khasbulatov, in his first comments after the referendum, accused the electronic and state-subsidized print media of propaganda and compared the chief of the Federal Information Center, Mikhail Poltoranin, with Hitler's chief propagandist Josef Goebbels. Khasbulatov stated that if he had three more days to prepare for the referendum, he wouldn't have lost it, ITAR-TASS reported on 26 April. Presidential spokesman Vyacheslav Kostikov dismissed Khasbulatov's statement and said it demonstrated the speaker's lack of respect for the people. He warned the leadership of the parliament to refrain from attacks on freedom of speech. St Petersburg mayor Anatolii Sobchak also denounced the "slighting tone" of Khasbulatov's statement and said that the speaker was irritated because people have rejected neo-bolshevik claims on power. He urged Khasbulatov and the parliament to resign. -Alexander Rahr POLTORANIN RESPONDS TO CRITICISM OF THE MEDIA. The head of the Federal Information Center Mikhail Poltoranin issued a statement on 26 April, rebuffing Khasbulatov's attack on the Russia media in connection with their pre-referendum reporting. ITAR-TASS quoted Poltoranin as stating that after losing the referendum, anti-reformist people's deputies would probably take "actions of revenge" against the state-financed electronic media. The statement predicted that at its next session the parliament would adopt new resolutions aimed at putting the electronic media under parliamentary control. Poltoranin said any actions aimed at limiting press freedom would not be permitted by the president. -Vera Tolz PRELIMINARY RESULTS FROM ST. PETERSBURG. The RFE/RL correspondent in Russia's second city reported on official voting figures on 26 April, which were based on preliminary results from 16 districts. They show overwhelming support for Boris Yeltsin: over 70% expressed confidence in the president, and 67% in his economic reforms; only 22% voted for early presidential elections and some 50% for early legislative elections. The additional questions put to St. Petersburg voters on whether a convention should be called to write a new Russian Constitution and whether the city's status should be upgraded to give it more autonomy also reportedly gained between 70% and 80% support. -Wendy Slater KOZYREV REGRETS ABSTAINING ON UN VOTE. Russian Foreign Minister Andrei Kozyrev said on 26-April that Russia will support tightened sanctions against the rump Yugoslavia. Kozyrev's statement came amid reports that Bosnian Serbs were again rejecting an international peace plan for Bosnia. Kozyrev commented: "It seems they have made their choice in support of war." Kozyrev also said he felt "sick at heart" over the fact that Russia had abstained in the vote for additional sanctions held by the UN Security Council on 17-April. He attri-buted Russia's stance on the vote to the influence of Russia's conservatives. He said that "this decision was probably correct in principle, but in the future we must vote not with the national-patriots, but with those who support the civilized solution to issues," ITAR-TASS reported. -Suzanne Crow YELTSIN PROPOSES THAT ARMY AID IN CRIME FIGHTING. Russian Radio Mayak reported on 26-April that the Presidium of the Russian parliament had that day examined a draft resolution, submitted by Boris Yeltsin, on employing military units in the fight against crime. A note that accompanied the President's proposal reportedly said that the measure had been prompted by insufficient staffing levels in Interior Ministry forces and by the widespread nature of crime in Moscow. In their public statements to date, military leaders have generally opposed the use of military units in crime fighting activities. -Stephen Foye IMF PROJECTION FOR FORMER SOVIET UNION. In its semi-annual staff review of the global economic outlook that was released on 27 April, the International Monetary Fund projects a continuing recession in the former Soviet republics for 1993, Reuters reported. Output is expected to decline by nearly 12%, after an 18.5% drop in 1992. Inflation should fall from 1,200% in 1992 to about 600% in 1993. For 1994, the IMF estimates that the drop in output could slow to 3.5% and price increases to 66.5%. The Fund puts Russia's budget deficit in 1992 at 22.5% of GDP.-Keith Bush UAE COMPANY GETS OIL CONCESSION. The Gulf Interstate Oil Company, based in the United Arab Emirates, received a concession for extracting oil in the Stavropol region of southern Russia, ITAR-TASS reported on 26 April. The company's subsidiary, Gulf Russia, is expected to begin operations in May leading to the exploitation of the area's estimated reserve of over 300-million-barrels. -Erik Whitlock TRANSCAUCASIA AND CENTRAL ASIA CSCE DISCUSSES KARABAKH SITUATION. Senior CSCE diplomats meeting in Vienna on 26 April held an emergency meeting to discuss the Karabakh conflict at the request of Azerbaijan, and set up a working group including Armenia, Azerbaijan, Turkey, Russia and the US that will try to agree on conditions for a ceasefire and the resumption of negotiations, according to an RFE/RL correspondent. US delegate John Kornbluem condemned the seizure of Azerbaijan's Kelbadzhar raion by Armenian forces and rejected Armenian government denials of any involvement in the fighting. Turkish Television reported on 26 April that agreement had been reached to extend the ceasefire in Karabakh until 28 April, but AzerTadzh quoted an Azerbaijani Ministry of Defense spokesman as claiming that Armenian forces shelled Azerbaijani villages in Agdam and Kelbadzhar. The Azerbaijani Ambassador to the UN, Hassan Hassanov, has appealed to the UN Security Council to impose "all appropriate sanctions" on Armenia and compel Armenia to withdraw from all territory it has occupied, an RFE/RL correspondent reported. -Liz Fuller TAJIK ANTI-GOVERNMENT FORCES IN AFGHANISTAN. Khovar-TASS reported on 26-April that in the previous two days ten members of Tajik armed groups opposed to the present government in Dushanbe had been killed while attempting to cross into Tajikistan from Afghanistan. The Tajik government has repeatedly protested to Kabul about the existence of training camps for Tajik opposition fighters in Afghanistan. Russian border guards stationed on the Tajik-Afghan border claim that the border is now effectively sealed, but reports of clashes between border troops and illegal border-crossers remain a frequent occurrence. The 26-April Khovar-TASS report reported that one of the Tajik opposition forces operating from Afghanistan is headed by former vice-premier Davlat Usmon, a leader of the Islamic Renaissance Party. -Bess Brown CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE BOSNIAN UPDATE. The BBC's Serbian Service on 27-April reported on tensions between UNPROFOR and the Serb forces around Srebrenica the previous day. Local Serb commanders demanded that the 145 Canadian troops in the town leave and made clear that they continue to regard the UN-supervised disarming of the Muslim troops as a sham, arguing that the Muslims took their best weapons and left for surrounding villages. Serb commanders near Sarajevo, moreover, stopped UN personnel at checkpoints in what the UN said was harassment in response to the Security Council vote for tougher sanctions on Serbia-Montenegro. Finally, major American dailies report on April 27 on what is expected to be a new and tougher US Balkan policy, which may be announced in the coming days. -Patrick Moore BELGRADE REACTIONS TO BOSNIAN SERBS. Vuk Draskovic, head of the Serbian Renewal Movement (SPO), assessed the Bosnian Serb rejection of the Vance-Owen peace plan as "irresponsible from the human point of view and is more than catastrophic for Serbia, Montenegro, and the entire Serbian people." According to Draskovic, Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic and his supporters "are not afraid of the Vance-Owen plan but of peace, because they know that in peacetime judgments will be made about the war and that there will be trials for warlords on all sides." Draskovic also slammed Karadzic for having deceived Serbs and the international community by claiming that Bosnia's Serbs, Muslims, and Croats cannot live together. Draskovic stated "these unfortunate people are already living together in refugee camps in Serbia and throughout the world, which shows that they can live together wherever there are no Milosevics, Tudjmans, and Izetbegovics." Draskovic also stated that the new UN sanctions suit Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic because now, "Serbia will adopt a war economy and the government will rule in conditions of war." The ruling parties in Serbia and Montenegro, the Socialists and Socialist Democratic Party, and all major opposition parties in Serbia-Montenegro all expressed bitter disappointment at the outcome of Bosnian Serb vote. Radio Serbia carried the report on 26 April. -Milan Andrejevich SERBS "WILL FIGHT TO THE BITTER END." Radio Brod on 27 April reported the parliament of the self-proclaimed Serb Republic in Bosnia, after having rejected the Vance-Owen peace plan, also adopted a proclamation calling on the Serbs "to defend its fatherland unshakably, close its ranks, and bring the struggle to an end." Vojislav Seselj, leader of the Serbian Radical Party, said the peace plan is being forced on the Serbs and that the Bosnian Serbs made the right decision. He reiterated his warning that should NATO bomb Serb positions, Serb forces attack will UNPROFOR units. He told Vecernje novosti on 26 April that a military solution of the crisis would take between 10 to 50 years and require a million soldiers. In an interview published in the latest issue of Der Spiegel. Federal Yugoslav Chief of Staff, Gen. Zivota Panic boasted that Serbia is ready to fight "to the bitter end, " adding that the West "can send in 200,000 soldiers-we are 10 million Serbs." -Milan Andrejevich CROATIAN OPPOSITION DEMANDS REPLACEMENT OF TV DIRECTOR. Vecernji list reported on 26 April that the opposition Liberals plan to ask for the removal of HTV general director Antun Vrdoljak at the next session of parliament. Vrdoljak is also a top official of the ruling Croatian Democratic Community (HDZ) and is widely regarded as having turned HTV into a loyal propaganda mouthpiece of the HDZ. Croatian dailies in recent days have also reported at length on President Franjo Tudjman's appeal to the Croats and Muslims in Bosnia to stop fighting each other and on Tudjman's efforts at damage control as a result of the conflict between the two nominal allies. Finally, Slobodna Dalmacija on 26 April discussed the regular session of the Croatian Bishops' Conference the previous week. The Roman Catholic Church is only slowly emerging from the effects of 45 years of communist hostility and apparently does not yet feel strong enough to wage major political battles against abortion and for religious instruction in public schools. Instead, the bishops concentrated on their own religious instruction and media plans, but also issued a warning against the proliferation of "non-Christian sects" and against the misuse of religious symbols. -Patrick Moore BULGARIA ON TIGHTENED SANCTIONS. The Bulgarian government on 26 April declared that it is ready to enforce tighter sanctions against rump Yugoslavia in accordance with UN Resolution 820. In the past few days, however, Bulgarian officials have stepped up their criticism of the UN for its reluctance to compensate states that are suffering economically from the embargo, such as Bulgaria itself. While government experts told a Western agency that since May 1992 the country is estimated to have lost some $1.8 billion in revenues, Deputy Premier Neycho Neev raised the matter of compensation with US embassy officials. On the previous day President Zhelyu Zhelev had suggested that the sharpened sanctions might do more damage to Bulgaria than to Serbia. -Kjell Engelbrekt ALBANIA RECOGNIZES MACEDONIA. Reuters on 26-April said that Tirana has formally recognized Macedonia's independence and called on Skopje to resolve the problems involving the rights of the republic's large Albanian minority, which makes up at least 20% of the population. Tirana had previously withheld recognition pending a clarification of the minority's status, but it was popularly believed in Albania that Tirana was really holding off so as not to offend Greece, which might seek to respond by expelling the several hundred thousand Albanians illegally working in that country. -Patrick Moore HAVEL IN BONN. Czech President Vaclav Havel met with German Chancellor Helmut Kohl and President Richard von Weizsaecker on 26 April, the final day of his three-day visit of Germany. Havel and Kohl agreed to further develop reconciliation between their countries. Speaking to journalists after the meeting, Havel said Germany plans to pay reparations to victims of Nazi tyranny in the Czech Republic and that Kohl promised to support closer ties between the Czech republic and NATO. Havel said that the Czech Republic is ready to begin a dialogue with the Sudeten Germans aimed at understanding. Earlier in the day Havel told reporters that ministers in Prague are considering possible forms of compensation for Sudeten Germans. However, he stressed that these working papers only contain ideas and nothing more. During their meeting the presidents agreed that friendly relations between the two countries are of special importance for the future in Central Europe. -Jiri Pehe SLOVAK PARLIAMENT BACKS GOVERNMENT PROGRAM. Parliament approved a resolution on 26-April backing the program of the Meciar government. The resolution says that the government has succeeded in taking steps which "fundamentally changed international and internal affairs of Slovakia" and implemented new policies in areas that were previously administered by federal organs, such as the economy, social affairs, and finance. In the 150-member parliament 104 deputies voted for the program. Meciar outlined his program in a two-hour speech on 22 April. He reiterated support for measures to strengthen currency reserves, prevent uncontrolled price rises, and continue the privatization process, although at a slower pace and with different methods than in the Czech Republic. -Jiri Pehe CZECH ARMED FORCES TO BE CUT. Speaking to reporters in Brno on 26 April,Czech Defense Minister Antonin Baudys said that the Czech Republic is to cut its army's enlisted personnel by 40% by 1995-from the current total of 106,500 to 65,000. Baudys said that the restructuring of the armed forces is to start on 1 July 1993. It will do away with the Czech Army's division-based structure, which is incompatible with the armies of NATO, which the Czech Republic hopes to join. The reformed services will be based on a brigade structure. -Jiri Pehe HUNGARY'S MILITARY INDUSTRY TO BE PRIVATIZED. Jeno Laszlo, chairman of the Military Industry Office, announced on 25 April that a government draft program for the privatization of Hungary's military industry has been completed, MTI reports. Ten firms would be involved in the management of the office's assets and participate in the manufacture of some 60% of the Hungarian Army's military equipment in 5 to 8-years' time. Until 1988, Hungary's military industry produced 30 billion forint ($350 million) worth of goods annually, but since then its output has plummeted to only 3 billion forint a year. -Alfred Reisch DIFFERENCES BETWEEN ANTALL AND CSURKA CONTINUE. In a speech before the ruling Hungarian Democratic Forum's national board on 24 April, Prime Minister and HDF Chairman Jozsef Antall dealt with the party's relationship to national populist writer and board member Istvan Csurka, Radio Budapest and Magyar hirlap report. Antall saw three alternatives in dealing with Csurka and the latter's Hungarian Road foundation: resolve the problem within the HDF by ending all extremist statements; try to maintain some sort of duality within the party-a very difficult task; or a peaceful separation. For Antall, the HDF's political line remains the one set by its sixth national congress in January 1993, and which the Hungarian Road has failed to strengthen. According to HDF Vice Chairman Sandor Lezsak, the party will still need its radically thinking membership during the 1994 general elections, but not the extremist wing associated with Csurka's person and style. Csurka, who did not attend the board meeting, told a gathering of Hungarian Road circles in Pecs that should the HDF cooperate with the liberal parties , he would leave it and set up his own political party for the 1994 elections. According to the 26 April issue of Nepszabadsag, Csurka, as a result of being squeezed out of the HDF, now hopes to win over to the Hungarian Road the more radical supporters of all three government coalition parties. -Alfred Reisch HUNGARIAN PARLIAMENT DEBATES GABCIKOVO DOCUMENT. Debate ended on 26 April on ratification of the document, submitted by Foreign Minister Geza Jeszenszky, asking for the International Court of Justice in the Hague to adjudicate Hungary's dispute with Slovakia over the joint Gabcikovo-Nagymaros hydroelectric project on the Danube. All parliamentary parties expressed their support for the document, which has already been ratified by the Slovak parliament. Several deputies also stressed the need to solve the relevant ecological and water management problems jointly with Slovakia and to depoliticize the dam issue. -Alfred Reisch ROMANIAN PREMIER IN GREECE. On 26 April Nicolae Vacaroiu started a two-day visit to Greece. Radio Bucharest said the visit is aimed primarily at boosting bilateral ties and especially mutual trade. Vacaroiu held talks Prime Minister Constantine Mitsotakis, and was received by President Constantine Karamanlis. Radio Bucharest reported that Vacaroiu asked Mitsotakis to support Romania's efforts to be admitted to the Council of Europe as soon as possible. He also discussed with both Mitsotakis and Karamanlis the war in Bosnia and the situation in former Yugoslavia. Both sides pledged to avoid any military involvement in the region. The Romanian and Greek delegations exchanged the ratification instruments of a bilateral friendship and cooperation agreement. -Dan Ionescu ROMANIAN COURT REDUCES CEAUSESCU'S AIDES JAIL TERMS. On 26 April the Supreme Court reduced jail sentences given to four top aides of former communist dictator Nicolae Ceausescu. The four defendants are former Deputy Premier Ion Dinca, former Interior Minister Tudor Postelnicu, former Ceausescu deputy Emil Bobu and former State Council Vice President Manea Manescu. They had been sentenced to life imprisonment in 1990 on charges of genocide for having not opposed Ceausescu's orders to shoot at demonstrators during the December 1989 uprising. Radio Bucharest said that the court decided to change charges to complicity to aggravated murder for all four defendants; it also agreed to reduce the sentences to 17-years for Postelnicu, 15 years for Dinca and 10 years for Bobu and Manescu. -Dan Ionescu ROMANIAN PROSECUTOR BANS SALES OF HITLER'S BOOK. Reuters reported on 26 April that the chief prosecutor in Sibiu has banned the sale of thousands of copies of Adolf Hitler's Mein Kampf, saying that he fears the book might spread racist ideas among young people in Romania. Prosecutor Andrei Tulbure said that some 10,000 Romanian-language copies of the book have been sealed in a printing shop warehouse in Sibiu. Oliviu Tocaciu, a lawyer who financed the translation and publishing of Mein Kampf, described the decision as a purely propagandistic. -Dan Ionescu SOLIDARITY REVISES REFERENDUM PLANS. Solidarity's national leadership conceded on 26 April that the union lacks sufficient funds to conduct its own national referendum on property issues. The union had resolved on 31 March to hold a referendum, which would propose distributing to the public half of the assets now controlled by the state, verifying the provenance of property acquired from the state since 1975, and confiscating assets acquired illicitly. This proposal was part of the populist bidding war that erupted after the Sejm defeated the government's mass privatization program. Calculations showed, however, that a referendum would cost 2.4 billion zloty ($150,000) and bankrupt the union. The national leadership thus demanded on 26 April that the state foot the bill for the referendum. Solidarity leader Marian Krzaklewski explained that abandoning the idea entirely would be an "admission of impotence." Acknowledging that the referendum was a political gesture, Krzaklewski commented that "the horses are already running, and we too are part of this race for power." Solidarity activists nonetheless bridled at government suggestions that the union's approach is "anti-reform" or "communistic," and demanded clarification from the prime minister. -Louisa Vinton LATVIAN PRIME MINISTER IN WARSAW. Polish Prime Minister Hanna Suchocka and her Latvian counterpart Ivars Godmanis signed an agreement on promoting mutual investment in Warsaw on 26 April. In the past two years Polish-Latvian trade has tripled, Polish TV reports, but further growth is possible. The two prime ministers also discussed construction of the Via Baltica, the highway designed to link the Baltic States with Western Europe. Godmanis also met with President Lech Walesa on 27 April. Latvian officials stressed that Poland's experience offers an example to other states pursuing economic transformation. -Louisa Vinton MOSCOW POSTPONES LATVIAN-RUSSIAN TROOP TALKS. Baltic media reported on 26-April that Sergei Zotov, chief of the Russian delegation negotiating the withdrawal of Russian troops from Latvia, has postponed indefinitely talks between the two sides. The latest round of negotiations was to have taken place in Jurmala on 26-28 April. Zotov attributed the postponement to a proposal being considered by the Latvian Supreme Council that would grant one-year residence permits to active-duty and retired Russian military personnel and their dependents. Following a conversation with Zotov, the head of the Latvian delegation, Janis Dinevics, suggested that talks might resume following a final decision by the Supreme Council, Radio Riga reported. -Stephen Foye LATVIAN REACTION. The Foreign Ministry expressed regret and noted that recent statements by Russian leaders indicating that the principal reason for the decision to suspend the talks on troop withdrawals is based on an incomplete assessment of the situation in Latvia. The ministry pointed out that it is essential to specify the legal status of the Russian military presence, one of the issues that had been on the agenda. It questioned the appropriateness of Russia's decision to postpone the talks on the basis of what is being discussed in the Latvian legislature, even before the legislature has adopted a decision. The ministry also noted that it is not possible to meet the demands of some Russian leaders that Latvia grant citizenship automatically to Russians living in Latvia; it stressed that there is no legal basis for Russian officers and their families to assume that they have a right to Latvian citizenship. In conclusion, the ministry noted that Latvia has always been prepared to solve problems at the conference table and is awaiting for a step in this direction from Russia. -Dzintra Bungs 24 ORGANIZATIONS SUBMIT CANDIDATE LISTS IN LATVIA. Radio Riga reported on 26-April that 24-organizations have submitted to the Central Election Commission candidates for the elections to the Latvian parliament, scheduled for 5-6 June. No more lists can be submitted to the commission now. A final count of candidates and lists running in the five election districts is not yet available because the submitted information still had to be checked by the commission. -Dzintra Bungs LITHUANIAN GOLD IN WESTERN BANKS. BNS reported on 26 April that Lithuania has 5.78 tons of gold in Western banks. Of this amount, 2.9 tons are kept in Great Britain, 2.2 tons in France, and over 0.5 ton in Switzerland. Before World War II, Lithuania also had deposited 1.2 tons gold in Sweden, but last year the Swedish government reimbursed Lithuania for the gold's value-$14 million. The situation of the 2.5 tons of gold deposited in the US before World War II has not yet been clarified. These gold reserves are especially important for Lithuania now when it is making plans to institute its own currency, the litas. -Dzintra Bungs ESTONIAN DEFENSE FORCES STATISTICS. BNS reported on 22 April that Estonian defense forces, consisting of defense, border defense and militia units, consist of about 10,000 men. The 2,500-strong Estonian defense forces include battalions and companies in Tallinn, Voru, and Johvi. The 16 units of the Kaitseliit (home guard) comprises about 6,000 men. About 2,000 men serve in the border defense units under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Internal Affairs; of these, 1,200 are servicemen and the rest are paid border guards. Estonia has 12-frontier guard stations, 25 passport checking offices, four border guard launches, and two border defense planes. In addition, there are 270-servicemen and 70 policemen working under the Internal Defense Task Force and about 100 servicemen in each of the rescue regiments (under the auspices of the Rescue Department) in Tallinn, Tartu, and Johvi. -Dzintra Bungs NATIONALITIES MINISTRY FORMED IN UKRAINE. Ukrainian President Leonid Kravchuk has issued a decree forming a Ministry of Nationalities Affairs and Migration, Radio Ukraine reports on 26 April. The new ministry is based on the Committee on Nationalities Affairs of the Cabinet of Ministers and will be headed by Oleksandr Yemets, formerly a political and legal adviser to Kravchuk. -Roman Solchanyk WHAT KIEVITES THINK ABOUT NUKES. A poll conducted in March in the Ukrainian capital shows that the proportion of those favoring a nuclear status for Ukraine has doubled since May of last year, Visti z Ukrainy, No. 16 reports. Fifty percent think that Ukraine should be nonnuclear, a figure that remains essentially unchanged. However, only about 11% of those supporting a nonnuclear status think that Ukraine should yield its nuclear armaments unconditionally. Almost 90% say that Ukraine should be given international security guarantees and financial compensation. -Roman Solchanyk [As of 1200 CET] Compiled by John Lepingwell and Charles Trumbull THE RFE/RL DAILY REPORT IS PRODUCED BY THE RFE/RL RESEARCH INSTITUTE (A DIVISION OF RADIO FREE EUROPE/RADIO LIBERTY, INC.) with the assistance of the RFE/RL News and Current Affairs Division (NCA). The report is available by electronic mail via LISTSERV (RFERL-L@UBVM.CC.BUFFALO.EDU), on the Sovset' computer bulletin board, by fax, and by postal mail. For inquiries about specific news items, subscriptions, or additional copies, please contact: in North America: Mr. Brian Reed, RFE/RL, Inc., 1201 Connecticut Avenue NW, Washington, DC-20036 Telephone: (202) 457-6912 or -6907; Fax: (202) 457-6992 or 828-8783; Internet: RIDC@RFERL.ORG or Elsewhere: Ms. Helga Hofer, Publications Department, RFE/RL Research Institute, Oettingenstrasse 67, 8000 Munich 22, Germany;.Telephone: (+49 89) 2102-2631 or -2624; Fax: (+49 89) 2102-2648, Internet: PD@RFERL.ORG 1993, RFE/RL, Inc. All rights reserved.RFE/RL Daily Report A Publication of the RFE/RL Research Institute
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