|If you wish to make an apple pie truly from scratch, you must first invent the universe. - Carl Sagan|
No. 74, 20 April 1993
RUSSIA REFERENDUM ROUNDUP. Representatives of about 30 trade unions which are not members of the Federation of Independent Trade Unions of Russia offered President Boris Yeltsin their support in the forthcoming referendum at a meeting on 19 April, ITAR-TASS reported. Although representing only 4-5 million workers, the unions control some key branches of Russia's economy, particularly coal mining. First Deputy Prime Minister Vladimir Shumeiko told reporters the same day that whatever the outcome of the referendum, Yeltsin would remain president until fresh elections were held. Meanwhile, Yeltsin's main opponent, parliamentary speaker Ruslan Khasbulatov told industrialists in Voronezh that the president and the government had ruined the country with their economic reforms and consistently violated the constitution. -Wendy Slater YELTSIN ORDERS INVESTIGATION INTO CORRUPTION CHARGES. President Yeltsin issued an order on 19 April to the Security and Interior Ministries and members of the Presidential Administration and Procurator's Office to examine the allegations made by Vice President Aleksandr Rutskoi in his 16 April speech before parliament that senior government figures had illegally profited from privatization (see RFE/RL Daily Report of 19 April). ITAR-TASS and Reuters reported that the officials were ordered to report weekly on the course of the investigation and on "measures undertaken to ensure Russia's economic security." Deputy Prime Minister Aleksandr Shokhin and First Deputy Prime Minister Vladimir Shumeiko rejected Rutskoi's accusations as "fabrications." Rutskoi, however, claims he has relevant documents to prove the allegations. -Wendy Slater RUTSKOI, PRAVDA ACCUSE YELTSIN OF CORRUPTION. The mysterious substance "red mercury" is playing a key role in corruption allegations leveled against Yeltsin's government. "Red mercury" is a compound that allegedly is of great value in the construction of nuclear weapons, although most weapons experts deny these claims, and its main use appears to be as bait to entrap prospective smugglers. Nevertheless, in his 16-April speech to parliament, Rutskoi accused Yeltsin and his advisers of improperly giving an exclusive export license for the material to a Sochi firm in the belief that it would provide up to tens of billions of dollars in revenue per year. On 17 April Pravda published a lengthy article entitled "Yeltsingate" which included documents allegedly showing wrongdoing by Gennadii Burbulis as well as secret decrees signed by Yeltsin. Whether the documents are authentic is uncertain: if so they imply at least a remarkable gullibility on the part of Yeltsin's advisers. It is more likely that the allegations are an attempt to impugn Yeltsin's integrity before the referendum in a manner that will be difficult to refute authoritatively, despite the probably fictitious nature of "red mercury." -John Lepingwell GERASHCHENKO "SETS TRAP" FOR FEDOROV. Central Bank head Viktor Gerashchenko has portrayed the recently announced compromise between the bank and the government limiting credit creation as a trap to reveal the impracticality of Minister of Finance Boris Fedorov's economic austerity program, according to Izvestiya of 14 April and the Financial Times of 19 April. After months of bickering over monetary policy, the government and the RCB suddenly came to agreement last week to limit credit emission to 3 trillion rubles in the second quarter of this year (as compared to a reported 11-13 trillion rubles in the first quarter). Gerashchenko now says that he conceded this limit because he knew the government would be unable to live with it. He is convinced, given the expected size of the government deficit this year, that Fedorov will have to come to the RCB in early summer requesting that the limit be eased. -Erik Whitlock ANOTHER STEP IN CAMPAIGN FOR PEACEKEEPING ROLE. Russian Foreign Minister Andrei Kozyrev sent a letter to UN Secretary General Boutros Boutros-Ghali on the need to activate UN mechanisms for defending the victims of ethnic conflict, ITAR-TASS reported on 19-April. The letter outlined specific proposals on ways to defend civilians from armed conflicts. Kozyrev sent a similar proposal to UNESCO earlier in April, and also raised the issue in talks with visiting Swedish Foreign Minister Margaretha af Ugglas in Moscow on 19-April. Russia's proposals on mechanisms for halting armed conflict mark a development in Russia's campaign to gain the leadership of peacekeeping operations regarding conflicts in the former Soviet Union. -Suzanne Crow RUSSIA INCREASINGLY ISOLATED ON BOSNIA. Foreign Minister Andrei Kozyrev proposed holding a conference of UN Security Council members to discuss the conflict in Bosnia-Herzegovina on 19-April, ITAR-TASS reported. He suggested holding the conference in Bosnia itself, linking the willingness to hold the conference there with the seriousness of efforts to settle the conflict. In talks with the visiting Swedish Foreign Minister, Kozyrev said Russia does not object to tougher UN sanctions against the rump Yugoslavia, but would like to see them introduced after 26 April, at which point Russia may well express support. Meanwhile, at the UN on 19 April, Russia succeeded in suspending discussion on the formal expulsion of the rump Yugoslavia from UN Economic Commission for Europe. -Suzanne Crow DECREE TO HELP RESTORE TRADE WITH EASTERN EUROPE. President Boris Yeltsin has issued a decree intended to bolster trade ties between Russia and the former European members of the Council for Mutual Economic Assistance (CMEA), according to ITAR-TASS on 16 April. The decree orders the Ministry of Foreign Economic Relations, Ministry of Finance, and Russian Central Bank to undertake negotiations with former European Soviet bloc members interested in arranging trade payments in their respective national currencies. In 1991, the CMEA switched to settling trade in hard currencies-an action that accelerated the collapse of commerce in the region. The decree also states that if new payments arrangements are established, Russian enterprises exporting to former CMEA countries should be exempt from mandatory sales of their foreign currency receipts. Currently, Russian enterprises are required to sell 50% of their hard currency earnings in exchange for rubles. -Erik Whitlock TOMSK-7 RADIATION LEVELS ALMOST NORMAL. The Russian Minister for Atomic Energy, Viktor Mikhailov, stated on 19 April that radiation levels in the region around Tomsk-7 were almost normal, according to ITAR-TASS. Mikhailov claimed that the only populated area significantly affected is the village of Georgievka where the radiation level is two to four times the normal background level. The area was also visited by a team from the International Atomic Energy Agency, whose spokesman told an RFE/RL correspondent that the total amount of radioactive substances released was approximately 40 curies, about one-millionth of the radiation released in the Chernobyl accident. According to the IAEA the tank contained mostly uranium, mixed with extremely small quantities of plutonium. No plutonium was found outside the reprocessing facility. -John Lepingwell CIS TO PAY WORLD PRICE FOR RUSSIAN FUEL? DURING HIS NEWS CONFERENCE ON 14 APRIL, PRESIDENT YELTSIN WAS ASKED ABOUT THE PRICE OF FUEL THAT RUSSIA SELLS TO OTHER FORMER SOVIET REPUBLICS. According to Russian TV, he answered: "We have quite a firm intention to go over to world prices for fuel in relation to the republics of the former Soviet Union." Yeltsin further indicated that the IMF has devised a program whereby the other former Soviet republics would be assisted in meeting the much higher prices. At present, states in the ruble zone pay roughly one-half of the world price for Russian crude oil, and one-third of the world price for Russian gas. According to the chairman of the Russian Oil Industry Committee, this meant that in 1992 Russia was subsidizing other members of the CIS to the tune of some $15 billion, according to ITAR-TASS on 30 March 1993. -Keith Bush RUSSIAN NUCLEAR SCIENTISTS TO CHINA. On 20-April, ITAR-TASS reported that ten Russian nuclear scientists will spend two-and-a-half years working with Chinese scientists on the design and operation of advanced nuclear reactors. According to the report they will work on developing a "hybrid" nuclear reactor that will incorporate both fission and thermonuclear fusion technologies. While Russian scientists have played a leading role in thermonuclear fusion research, the prospects for a fusion reactor or a "hybrid reactor" remain very distant. The specialists will also work in areas including plasma physics, thermonuclear reactions, radioactive waste removal and environmental protection. Russian-Chinese relations in the nuclear field have been improving recently, and Russia has been negotiating the sale of nuclear power reactors to China as well. -John Lepingwell OPPOSITION HOLDS DEMONSTRATION. A demonstration numbering between 3,000 and 6,000 was held in Moscow on 17 April, Russian agencies reported. Described by its organizers, Russia's hardline communist movements, as a veche (the name for a popular assembly in medieval Russian towns), the rally was intended to drum up opposition to Yeltsin at the forthcoming referendum. Among the speakers were Anatolii Lukyanov and Oleg Shenin, currently on trial for treason for their part in the failed August 1991 coup. -Wendy Slater COMMONWEALTH OF INDEPENDENT STATES COURT DECLARES DUDAEV'S DECREES ILLEGAL. The Chechen Constitutional Court ruled on 19 April that Chechen president Dzhokhar Dudaev's decrees of 17-April dissolving parliament and declaring presidential rule were illegal, Western news agencies reported. According to ITAR-TASS of the same date, rival meetings took place the whole day in the Chechen capital Groznyi, with about 30,000 supporters of Dudaev gathered outside the parliament and somewhat fewer opposition supporters on another square. The city was functioning normally, however, and a round table of the representatives of the opposing sides was scheduled for 20:00 hours on local television. -Ann Sheehy TRANSCAUCASIA AND CENTRAL ASIA CONSULTATIVE MEETING OF CIS PARLIAMENTARY LEADERS. On 16 April a consultative meeting of Commonwealth of Independent States parliamentary leaders was held in St. Petersburg under the chairmanship of Ruslan Khasbulatov, chairman of the Council of the CIS Interparliamentary Assembly, the Russian media reported. Although this was not a session of the CIS Interparliamentary Assembly, to which neither Ukraine nor Moldova belong, it is nonetheless noteworthy that both states were represented at the meeting, which discussed the ratification of agreements signed by CIS heads of state and heads of government, problems of the social position of servicemen, and the celebration of the 50th anniversary of the end of the World War. II. -Ann Sheehy GEORGIA THREATENS (AGAIN) TO DENOUNCE RUSSIAN "AGGRESSION" TO UN. The Georgian Foreign Ministry delivered a note to the Russian Embassy in Tbilisi on 17 April warning that Georgia would raise the issue of "aggression by the Russian Federation against Georgia" if Abkhaz forces continued to use Russian military facilities in Abkhazia as a base for military operations, ITAR-TASS reported. Speaking on Georgian TV on 18 April, Georgian parliament chairman Eduard Shevardnadze stated that if Abkhaz forces continue "mass shooting," Georgia will be constrained to proclaim a general mobilization-a threat he has made on several previous occasions. -Liz Fuller KYRGYZ PRIME MINISTER URGES NATIONAL CURRENCY. Prime Minister Tursunbek Chyngyshev asked the Kyrgyz parliament on 19 April to endorse the introduction of a new national currency, Reuters and various Russian news agencies reported. He said that abandoning the ruble would give the government the autonomy in policy-making which it needed to pull the Kyrgyz economy out of its current crisis. In 1992, national income dropped by 26% and inflation averaged 20% a month, according to official statistics. The head of the Central Bank Kemil Nanaev addressed the parliament after Chyngyshev and voiced his support for the idea of introducing a national currency as soon as possible. -Erik Whitlock CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE COMMEMORATION OF JEWISH UPRISING IN WARSAW. Reconciliation between the Jews and the Poles and the resolve to prevent another "holocaust" were the main themes of the solemn ceremony marking the 50th anniversary of the Jewish ghetto uprising in Warsaw. President Lech Walesa expressed regrets for instances of Polish anti-Semitism but noted that "we believe we are wiser today because of the [tragic past] experiences." Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin said he is in Warsaw "to strengthen our friendship with the Polish nation because there were also Poles who, in Europe's darkest days, were extending their helping hands to us and didn't just look on indifferently, PAP reported on 19 April. US Vice President Al Gore said that the ceremony "warns us of the unfathomable power of evil, the pestilence of a human soul that for a time can dissolve nations and devastate civilizations." -Jan de Weydenthal VICE PRESIDENT GORE IN POLAND. Vice President Gore met with President Walesa on 19-April for talks about Polish-American relations, during which Walesa expressed hope that the United States will take an active part in expanding the process of economic and political changes in East Central Europe. Walesa leaves for Washington on 20 April and will continue talks with American political leaders; he is scheduled to meet with President Bill Clinton on the 21st. Earlier Gore met with a group of Jewish political and religious leaders, who asked him what the US would do to prevent "the holocaust of 50 years ago from occurring again, Polish and other media reported. More specifically, Gore was asked what the US was going to do to stop the war in Bosnia. He responded that "we are consulting with other nations about a wide range of means to deal with the evolving situation." -Jan de Weydenthal ESTONIAN STATEMENT ON WARSAW GHETTO. In a statement issued on 19 April, the Estonian National Assembly said that together with other peoples of the world, the people of Estonia mourn the many victims of the Jewish people and said that "their memory is holy to us." The statement stressed Estonian-Israeli ties and that many residents of Estonia have found a home in Israel, a fact that adds a human measure to Estonian-Israeli contacts. In conclusion, the Estonian parliamentarians stressed that their objective is to work for a world where there is not place for violence. -Dzintra Bungs ILIESCU AND THE COMMEMORATION OF THE HOLOCAUST. On 19 April President Ion Iliescu began a three-day visit to Washington. to participate in the inauguration ceremonies of the Holocaust Memorial Museum. According to the New York Times, Iliescu hopes to meet with President Clinton and other senior US officials, but a Romanian spokesman said no meeting with the US president has been arranged. Iliescu is accompanied by Minister of Foreign Affairs Teodor Melescanu and Romania's Chief Rabbi, Moses Rosen. Before boarding his plane Iliescu said the tragedy of the Jews has a special significance because of the violence and the cruelty with which "a program was carried out to massacre a population." On 18 April Iliescu spoke at the commemoration for the victims of the European Holocaust at Bucharest's Choral Synagogue. He promised that the authorities would act against anti-Semitism and xenophobia. He said his engagement in the struggle against such tendencies dates back to his youth (a reference to his communist past). Rabbi Rosen said it was the first time in the country's 600-year Jewish presence that a Romanian head of state had visited a synagogue. -Michael Shafir HAVEL, OTHER LEADERS TO US. Czech President Vaclav Havel left for a three-day visit to the United States, Czech Radio reported on 20 April. Havel will attend the opening ceremonies of the Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington, DC and hold several meetings with leading US officials, including President Bill Clinton. Other leaders from the countries of Central and Eastern Europe expected in Washington for the Holocaust commemorations include Albanian Prime Minister Aleksander Gabriel Meksi, Croatian President Franjo Tudjman, Hungarian President Arpad Goncz, Moldovan PM Prime Minister Andrei Sangeli, and Slovenian President Milan Kucan. -Jan Obrman and Michael Shafir ZHELEV: BULGARIA NOT INVOLVED IN POPE ASSASSINATION ATTEMPT. The world has to be convinced that Bulgaria had nothing to do with the assassination attempt against Pope John Paul II, President Zhelyu Zhelev said on 19 April. Rejecting the allegations of a "Bulgarian connection" in the 1981 assault against the Pope's life, Zhelev apparently supported the conclusions of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: on 2-April Interior Minister Viktor Mihailov told parliament that an analysis of all the evidence assembled by Bulgarian, Italian, Russian, and US authorities failed to indicate Bulgarian involvement. Zhelev made his remark to BTA before flying to the United States, where he is to meet President Bill Clinton and attend the opening of the Holocaust Museum in Washington. -Kjell Engelbrekt GROWING CHANCES OF INTERVENTION IN BOSNIA? THE WASHINGTON POST ON 20 APRIL DISCUSSES THE DEBATE IN WESTERN CAPITALS OVER POSSIBLE MILITARY ACTION IN THE WAKE OF THE SERB OFFENSIVE AGAINST SREBRENICA. On 19 April Reuters reported from the UN that nonaligned countries have introduced a draft that would permit the establishment of a coalition on the model of Desert Storm to support the Bosnian government "against Serb attacks." Bosnia has called on the international community to support the draft, which would also lift the arms embargo on that embattled republic. Meanwhile in Germany, Chancellor Helmut Kohl told news agencies that Serbia-Montenegro should be expelled from all international organization in response to "the brutal Serbian behavior" and "the sham of Serbian policies." Kohl nonetheless warned against military intervention in the conflict, and again ruled out German participation were the international community to undertake such a mission. Finally, it appears that 56% of Croats feel that no such intervention will take place, according to a poll in the 19 April Vecernji list, while only 18% believe that it will. -Patrick Moore CONCERN OVER CROAT-MUSLIM FIGHTING. The 20-April Washington Post reports on the latest fighting between Croats and Muslims in central Bosnia, especially around Zenica and Vitez. The paper says that the fighting was triggered by a speech made by the Croatian defense minister on 12 April, in which he called for the Croatian flag to fly along the Bosnian one in the mainly Muslim town of Travnik, which the Vance-Owen plan assigns to a Croatian canton. Vecernji list of 20 April quotes Croatia's UN ambassador and advisor to President Tudjman, Mario Nobilo, as saying that he is concerned that the international community will blame Croatia for the fighting, whether the charge is justified or not. Nobilo adds that the major powers are placing considerable pressure on Zagreb and Belgrade for the two to hold direct talks. Tudjman told the 19 April Serbian weekly Vreme that Croatia is willing to talk to Serbia but is waiting for an initiative from Belgrade. -Patrick Moore SERBIAN REACTIONS TO NEW UN SANCTIONS. Reaction to the new UN sanctions against Serbia-Montenegro from Belgrade and Bosnian Serb leaders and opposition parties has been sharp. Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic threatened to walk out of peace talks if new sanctions are implemented. He described the UN sanctions resolution as an "absolutely incomprehensible and irrational move." Bosnian Serb Vice President Biljana Plavsic cautioned Serb negotiators not to forget the Serb "survival" philosophy and warned them not to capitulate because the "last chance" for Serbs in this century to win "common state for all Serbs" is at stake. The rump federal Yugoslav government condemned the new UN sanctions and warned that Belgrade may reconsider its role in the peace process if the "UN continues the policy of punishing Yugoslavia." The government's statement questioned whether the UN is truly seeking an end to the Bosnian conflict or whether the war is an "excuse to step up the pressure on the Yugoslavia to achieve some other goals." Serbian opposition parties generally described the latest UN move as inhumane and short-sighted. Radio Serbia and Studio B TV carried the reactions on 18 and 19 April. -Milan Andrejevich STRAINS BETWEEN BELGRADE AND MOSCOW? ON 18 APRIL RADIO SERBIA'S VETERAN FOREIGN AFFAIRS COMMENTATOR, MILIKA SUNDIC, CHARACTERIZED THE NEW UN SANCTIONS AS "A KNIFE TO THE THROAT OF SERBS AND MONTENEGRINS EVERYWHERE," BUT TOOK AN EVER HARSHER VIEW OF THE RUSSIAN ABSTENTION FROM THE SANCTIONS VOTE. Sundic said that the Russian action signals Moscow's "solidarity with the darkest Western forces." Sundic's comment might suggest that Belgrade wants to signal indirectly their dissatisfaction with Moscow's policy; no such criticism appears in official government statements on the sanctions. On 19 April Evgenii Ambartsumov, chairman of the Russian Supreme Soviet Committee on International Affairs and Foreign Economic Ties, walked out of a meeting with Vojislav Seselj, head of Serbia's Radical Party, after the Serb leader demanded that Russia "rise and show its support for Serbia." Ambartsumov retorted that Seselj does not understand the meaning of democracy. Seselj later told reporters that "Russia cannot help Serbia, because it cannot help itself." Radio Serbia carried the report. -Milan Andrejevich ROMANIAN UN ENVOY ON YUGOSLAV CONFLICT. Addressing a debate on policy in the former Yugoslavia on 19 April, Romanian delegate Ioan Voicu told the Security Council his country fears the conflict in Bosnia-Herzegovina might lead to "a crisis of extreme severity" unless a peaceful settlement is found. The council's open debate was arranged at the request of countries that feel their views are not always considered by this forum. Voicu said Romania will continue to implement the sanctions against rump Yugoslavia in good faith but expects to suffer further economic hardship itself as a result of the new measures against the Serbs. Romania, he said, hopes other countries will help with compensation. The envoy thanked the US for sending boats to help the enforcement of the sanctions and added that his government is in contact with other countries for receiving additional assistance. Voicu said Romania is considering accepting some refugees from the former Yugoslavia, especially children, and is now negotiating with the UN High Commissioner for Refugees. -Michael Shafir MORE EC MEMBERS RECOGNIZE MACEDONIA. Danish Foreign Minister Niels Helveg Petersen informed Reuters on 19 April that nine of the EC's twelve member countries have now recognized Macedonia and that of those remaining, only Greece will not do so. Petersen, whose country holds the EC presidency, noted that "we regard the question of recognition as settled." -Duncan Perry CZECHS WEIGH TIGHTENING BORDER WITH SLOVAKIA. The Czech government is apparently determined to tighten border controls with Slovakia. In an article published on 19-April, Rude pravo quoted Interior Minister Jan Ruml as saying that the Czech Republic plans to "formalize" the border unilaterally if Slovakia refuses to cooperate. The remarks were confirmed by Ruml's spokesman Jan Subrt. The minister added that as long as the quality of the Czech-Slovak border is not changed, Prague cannot sign an agreement with Germany on the handling of illegal migration. -Jan Obrman NEW DATA ON SLOVAKIA'S HARD CURRENCY RESERVES. Marian Tkac, the chairman of the Slovak National Bank, told Slovak Radio on 16 April that his bank has some $230-million in hard currency reserves. Tkac also claimed that the overall amount of hard currency reserves in Slovakia (reserves held by the Slovak National Bank and other commercial banks) is almost $1.3 billion. Data provided by Tkac contradict those provided by Economics Minister Jaroslav Kubecka and other officials at the beginning of April. On 8 April Kubecka said that Slovakia's hard currency reserves had dropped from $200-million at the beginning of 1993 to some $20-25 million at the end of March. -Jiri Pehe BUDAPEST BUS DRIVERS HOLD WARNING STRIKE. A warning strike was held between 4:00 and 6:00 am on 20 April, MTI reports. The strikes were held because the Transport Workers' Union could not agree with the Budapest Transport Company on wages. The drivers asked for a 28% wage raise initially. They were ready to accept an 18% pay raise starting on 1-January 1993, but the company wanted to raise the wages starting on 1 April. Talks with Mayor Gabor Demszky overnight failed to produce results. Some 1000 bus drivers participated in the strike, which was followed by a sympathetic walkout by the technical and office workers working for the transportation company. -Judith Pataki EBRD TO AID KOZLODUY. Kozloduy in Bulgaria will be the first nuclear power plant in Eastern Europe to receive financial support from a safety-improvement fund set up by Western nations, Reuters reported on 18-April. Jacques Attali, President of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, which manages the fund, told reporters in Paris that Kozloduy-a plant he described as "particularly dangerous"-would be first in line. -Kjell Engelbrekt BLACK SEA FLEET UPDATE. Approximately 80 second to fourth-year students who have not sworn allegiance to Ukraine will be transferred from military schools in Sevastopol to Russian schools, according to an ITAR-TASS report of 19 April. The schools in Sevastopol are under Ukrainian jurisdiction, and tensions have reportedly been rising between Ukrainian and Russian students, leading to an incident in which 20 Russian students stoned the Ukrainian Naval Institute commander's car. Russian Radio Mayak on 18 April reported that Ukrainian President Leonid Kravchuk held a long telephone conversation with the commander of the Black Sea Fleet, Eduard Baltin, in which Kravchuk upheld Baltin's direct subordination to the Russian and Ukrainian presidents. The conversation followed charges by Ukraine that ships of the Black Sea Fleet had been deployed on the orders of the Russian government. -John Lepingwell RUSSIAN TROOP WITHDRAWAL URGED. Western and Baltic agencies reported on 19 April that in separate statements to the press earlier that day prominent figures from the European Community and Finland urged the continued pullout of Russian troops from Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania. Danish Foreign Minister Niels Helveg Petersen, who is currently chairing the EC, said that the EC continues to press for an early, orderly, and complete withdrawal of an estimated 43,000 Russian troops from the Baltics; recent Baltic estimates indicate that there are about 24,000 troops in Latvia, 12,000 in Lithuania, and 8,000 in Estonia. He also said that Russian allegations of mass violations of human rights in the Baltic States have not been substantiated, adding that EC welcomes the Baltic States' willingness to receive international missions to look into these allegations. In Helsinki, Finnish parliamentarian Tertti Paasio said that Finland also wants the soonest possible complete withdrawal of Russian troops from the Baltics, as stipulated in the CSCE documents. -Dzintra Bungs CONGRESS OF LITHUANIAN DEMOCRATIC LABOR PARTY. The third congress of the Lithuanian Democratic Labor Party on 17 April was attended by 520-delegates, Radio Lithuania reports. The congress elected a 138-member party council with Prime Minister Adolfas Slezevicius as chairman, Gediminas Kirkilas first deputy chairman, and Vladimir Berezov, Sigita Burbiene, Justinas Karosas, and Algirdas Kuncinas as deputy chairman. It also approved a new party program stressing its social-democratic nature and sent a request for membership in the Socialist International. Saulius Girnius [As of 1200 CET] Compiled by Wendy Slater and Charles Trumbull THE RFE/RL DAILY REPORT IS PRODUCED BY THE RFE/RL RESEARCH INSTITUTE (A DIVISION OF RADIO FREE EUROPE/RADIO LIBERTY, INC.) with the assistance of the RFE/RL News and Current Affairs Division (NCA). The report is available by electronic mail via LISTSERV (RFERL-L@UBVM.CC.BUFFALO.EDU), on the Sovset' computer bulletin board, by fax, and by postal mail. For inquiries about specific news items, subscriptions, or additional copies, please contact: in North America: Mr. Brian Reed, RFE/RL, Inc., 1201 Connecticut Avenue NW, Washington, DC-20036 Telephone: (202) 457-6912 or -6907; Fax: (202) 457-6992 or 828-8783; Internet: RIDC@RFERL.ORG or Elsewhere: Ms. Helga Hofer, Publications Department, RFE/RL Research Institute, Oettingenstrasse 67, 8000 Munich 22, Germany;.Telephone: (+49 89) 2102-2631 or -2624; Fax: (+49 89) 2102-2648, Internet: PD@RFERL.ORG 1993, RFE/RL, Inc. All rights reserved.
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