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No. 73, 19 April 1993
RUSSIA RUTSKOI CRITICIZES GOVERNMENT. Vice President Aleksandr Rutskoi, addressing the Russian parliament on 16 April, shortly after President Yeltsin had inferred that he should resign, said that he had no intention of doing so, and accused some of Yeltsin's top advisors of having profited from privatization by selling state property cheaply to Western firms and the Russian "mafia." Russian and Western media reported that former Prime Minister Egor Gaidar, former State Secretary Gennadii Burbulis, First Deputy Prime Minister Vladimir Shumeiko, and Deputy Prime Minister Aleksandr Shokhin were the figures named. Deputy Prime Minister Anatolii Chubais, who heads the committee responsible for privatization which Rutskoi also criticized, said he planned to sue for libel. The parliament ordered an investigation of the charges. -Wendy Slater RUTSKOI CRITICIZES MILITARY REFORMS. Appearing on the Russian TV show "Aty Baty" on 17-April, Rutskoi was sharply critical of the conduct of military reforms. Rutskoi avoided criticizing Defense Minister Pavel Grachev directly, instead focusing on what he characterized as the government's general mismanagement of military issues. He noted that morale was poor, equipment was deteriorating, and that military readiness was very low. Rutskoi charged that the lack of a new doctrine was complicating Russia's industrial policy because military orders were poorly planned and not based on reasonable economic or military considerations. Dismissing recent US aid offers, Rutskoi claimed that if Russian arms industries were allowed to compete freely in world arms markets, "we would not make $1.6-billion, we would make $106 billion." Rutskoi also accused the Yeltsin government of basing promotions and dismissals on political considerations, a charge echoing those leveled by officers' groups at both ends of the political spectrum. -John Lepingwell INDUSTRIALISTS' MEETING. A meeting of the Russian Union of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs (a member of the Civic Union) on 16 April mocked Boris Yeltsin, Russian and Western agencies reported. Addressing the 4,300 delegates, Yeltsin pledged "a more flexible approach" to economic reform, but his claim that inflation was falling was greeted by laughter and Arkadii Volsky, chairman of the union, had to call the meeting to order. Volsky's speech then attacked the reforms and their speed, which he described as "economic blitzkrieg." He urged greater state intervention and criticized attempts at defense plant conversion as leaving Russia vulnerable. However, he also criticized the parliament for being slow to pass economic reform legislation, declared support for current Prime Minister Viktor Chernomyrdin, and said that the outlook was "not hopeless." -Wendy Slater KHASBULATOV ATTACKS YELTSIN. Speaking to the media during his trip to St. Petersburg, Russian parliament speaker Ruslan Khasbulatov said that President Yeltsin had humiliated Russia by begging Western nations for aid. The city TV quoted him as saying on 17-April that the CIS summit in Minsk, the meeting of the G-7 and the US-Russian summit in Vancouver were staged only to demonstrate support for Yeltsin ahead of the 25 April referendum. Khasbulatov also criticized a new draft constitution (giving considerable rights to the president) which Yeltsin presented last week to leaders of Russia's republics as "a dictatorial constitution in a liberal wrapping." -Vera Tolz YELTSIN CELEBRATES EASTER, CAMPAIGNS FOR REFERENDUM. President Yeltsin arrived on 18 April in Vladimir (a 12th century city 150 km northeast of Moscow) to celebrate Orthodox Easter and campaign for support in the 25 April referendum. Russian and Western news agencies reported that Yeltsin joined a religious procession to the main cathedral in the city. Addressing the crowd on the cathedral steps, he hoped: "Vladimir residents will again remember that we must save Russia and vote so that Russia will not fall back into the abyss of communist non-existence." -Vera Tolz RUSSIA'S STANCE ON ADDITIONAL SANCTIONS. Russia abstained from voting on the UN Security Council's 17 April resolution calling for additional sanctions against rump Yugoslavia. Moscow's chief envoy to negotiations Vitalii Churkin indicated prior to the vote that Russia would not use its veto to stop the additional sanctions, saying that "unless there is a positive breakthrough in the negotiations, this resolution will be adopted-there will be no avoiding it," ITAR-TASS reported on 17 April. Following the vote, Russia's permanent representative to the UN Yulii Vorontsov objected to the holding of the UNSC vote on 17 April rather than on 26 April, as was decided last week. Vorontsov argued that the UNSC had ignored a ceasefire agreement for Srebrenica obtained just prior to the vote. Vorontsov warned that Russian influence over Serbian actions would be "very much weakened" by the vote, Reuters reported. -Suzanne Crow PENSIONS RAISED. On 15 April, the Russian parliament approved a rise in pensions effective 1 May, ITAR-TASS reported. The minimum monthly pension will go up from 4,275 rubles to 8,122 rubles. The maximum monthly pension will be over 20,000 rubles. The last increase in pensions occurred on 1 February. Pensions are indexed on a quarterly basis. The measure will cost about 600-billion rubles a month. -Keith Bush GRACHEV DEFENDS MILITARY REFORMS. In a speech to a meeting of reserve officers on 16 April, Russian Defense Minister Pavel Grachev defended his military reform program. While much of the speech, as reported by ITAR-TASS, reiterated the main points of the current program, Grachev did confirm that some 270,000 officers and warrant officers would be discharged, although this number would not include any troops lacking housing. Thus, the reduction in force size will not reduce the number of personnel without proper accommodation. While claiming that the military districts had been instructed to build 12-13,000 apartments a year, Grachev also noted that the construction troops were manned at only 28% of their required level. In view of these problems, Grachev claimed that while force levels are supposed to be cut to 1.5 million by 1995, he is considering requesting an extension to 1996. He also reported that draft shortfalls continued but that some 48,000 troops have signed contract service agreements so far, out of an annual target of 100,000. -John Lepingwell COUP TRIAL SUSPENDED. On 16 April, the trial of those accused of treason for the failed August 1991 coup, which had opened two days earlier, was suspended indefinitely because of the illness of one of the accused, ITAR-TASS and Western agencies reported. Aleksandr Tizyakov had been taken ill with a heart complaint on the opening day of the trial. -Wendy Slater CHECHEN PARLIAMENT MOVES TO IMPEACH PRESIDENT. The Chechen parliament moved on 18-April to impeach the Chechen president Dzhokhar Dudaev after the latter had issued decrees on 17 April disbanding parliament, dismissing the government, and imposing presidential rule and a curfew, the Western and Russian media reported. Dudaev has been in conflict with the parliament for several months. He acted after thousands had demonstrated for two days demanding the resignation of the president, the government, and the parliament as well as the payment of overdue wages and student grants. Russia has been imposing a financial blockade on Chechnya, and Dudaev told a crowd of 30,000 that they were being manipulated by Russia. In an emergency session, the parliament annulled all Dudaev decrees except that dismissing the government, which the parliament had been seeking for some time. -Ann Sheehy COMMONWEALTH OF INDEPENDENT STATES CIS SUMMIT SUPPORTS YELTSIN. The chief result of the extraordinary CIS summit in Minsk on 16 April was the all-round support for democratic reforms in Russia and Yeltsin personally expressed by the other CIS heads of state, CIS and Western media reported. No documents were signed at the summit, which was devoted to a general discussion on strengthening the Commonwealth. Both Yeltsin and Kazakhstan president Nursultan Nazarbaev said the CIS states that have not signed the CIS charter should decide finally whether they wished to be members or not. Yeltsin said that non-signatories "would in effect remain outside the main channel of cooperation within the framework of the Commonwealth, with all the consequences that stem from that." The next summit has been tentatively set for mid-May. In the meantime the CIS heads of government and experts are to meet on 28 April to discuss specific proposals for closer cooperation. -Ann Sheehy KRAVCHUK ON THE CIS AND RUSSIA. On 16 April, during the CIS summit in Minsk, Ukrainian president Leonid Kravchuk told journalists that the fate of the CIS depends on the victory of democratic forces in Russia and warned that any attempts to restore the USSR would doom the CIS and lead to bloodshed, Western and Russian media reported. "Whether the CIS will exist, and in what form, will depend on 25 April," (the date of the Russian referendum). Stressing that there are forces in Russia "who do not want the CIS but want the USSR," he warned that "if somebody takes this road, it will be watered with lots of blood." Kravchuk told Ukrainian TV on 17 April that Ukraine is ready for "intensive" cooperation with other CIS members in the economic sphere, but that any further integration within the CIS should not mean encroachment on the sovereignty and independence of member states. -Bohdan Nahaylo TRANSCAUCASIA AND CENTRAL ASIA KARIMOV ALSO REJECTS "NOSTALGIA" FOR USSR. Uzbekistan's president Islam Karimov told journalists at the CIS summit that he also sensed a nostalgia in some quarters for the Soviet Union. "As the representative of Uzbekistan," he said, "I tell you that we do not have such a nostalgia. We will never return to the past." Those "who agitate for this," he added, "do not understand the mood of our society and the people in our republic," the Washington Times of 17 April reported. Karimov, like Kravchuk, also expressed his concern that the numerous decisions and agreements which the CIS had reached since its establishment had largely not been realized, Novosti reported on 16 April. -Bohdan Nahaylo AZERBAIJANI INTERIOR MINISTER RESIGNS. Azerbaijan's unpredictable Interior Minister Iskander Hamidov, who has repeatedly been criticized for his affiliation with the pan-Turkist National Labor Party ("Gray Wolves") and for using physical violence against political moderates, submitted his resignation on 15 April, Azerbaijani news agencies reported the following day. Azerbaijani President Abulfaz Elchibey appointed as his successor 52-year old Major-General Abdullah Allahverdiev, who previously held the posts of deputy minister of internal affairs and then military commandant of Baku, ITAR-TASS reported. -Liz Fuller CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE ARMENIA-AZERBAIJAN. An Armenian Defense Ministry spokesman charged on 16 April that Turkey was sending arms and troops to Azerbaijan via Nakhichevan, and hinted that Armenia might shoot down Turkish transport planes that crossed its air space, Reuters reported; on 17 April Radio Mayak broadcast a denial by the Azerbaijani Presidential Press Service that Turkey was supplying military aid to Azerbaijan. On 17 April Azerbaijani forces launched a counter-offensive in Kelbadzhar and shot down an Armenian transport helicopter evacuating wounded troops from the north-east of Nagorno-Karabakh, Western agencies reported. The artillery bombardment of Fizuli, south-east of Karabakh continued on 18 April. Azerbaijan has demanded an emergency meeting of the CSCE to discuss the fighting. A senior official of the Islamic Conference Organization, of which Azerbaijan is a member, was quoted by AzerTadzh on 17 April as having assured Azerbaijani President Elchibey that ICO members states are ready to render "moral and material help" to Azerbaijan. -Liz Fuller EVACUATION OF SREBRENICA BEGINS. International media on 19 April report that UN helicopters are continuing an operation begun the previous day to bring sick and wounded from the besieged east Bosnian Muslim enclave to the relative safety of Tuzla. On 18 April the Muslims and Serbs with UN mediation reached "an agreement on the demilitarization of Srebrenica," which the BBC said effectively constitutes the surrender of the town. The 19-April Washington Post quotes analysts as noting "the anomaly of UN officials in New York negotiating a Bosnian peace that would require the Serbs to relinquish captured territory and the Security Council voting tougher sanctions against them, while UN officials [on the ground] oversaw a deal effectively ending historic Muslim control of Srebrenica and a broad tract of eastern Bosnia that the peace plan envisions being populated by Muslims." -Patrick Moore UN VOTES NEW SANCTIONS AGAINST SERBIA-MONTENEGRO. In a 13-0 vote, with Russia and China abstaining, the Security Council voted on 17 April to impose tougher sanctions on Belgrade. The measure allows for continued individual travel to and from the area and leaves postal and telecommunications links in place, but otherwise cuts rump Yugoslavia off from the outside world. The 19 April New York Times quotes Serbian leaders as condemning the sanctions and adding that they might not take part in future peace talks. Politika quotes a number of leading Serbian politicians and public figures as condemning the vote, while NIN of 16 April carries a poll showing that over two-thirds of the Serbian population believe that some people in politically or economically advantageous positions in Serbia are profiting by the sanctions. The Guardian that day wrote about the impending collapse of the Dafiment Bank, Serbia's largest private bank, and quoted one diplomat as saying that "the banking game is over, and there's no longer any mechanism to insulate the Serbs from sanctions." -Patrick Moore OTHER NEWS FROM THE YUGOSLAV AREA. The BBC quoted EC peace negotiator Lord Owen on 18 April as saying that sanctions alone "will not be enough" and that the Bosnian Serbs might have to face "military measures" if they continue refusing to sign the peace plan. Meanwhile, international media report continued fighting in central Bosnia between the Croats and Muslims, who are trying to shore up their respective positions in anticipation of the plan's coming into effect. The 19 April New York Times notes that there are atrocities on both sides. Reuters reported on 17 April that another Ukrainian soldier serving in the UN peacekeeping forces in Bosnia was killed the previous day in Sarajevo by a mortar shell fired by unknown assailants. On 17 April the United States handed over three patrol boats each to Romania and Bulgaria to help them enforce the UN sanctions against rump Yugoslavia. The unarmed "Boston whalers" have a top speed of over 90 km/h, five times faster than most river ships. Elsewhere, both Vecernji list and Politika on 17 April report that a Council for the Normalization of Serbian-Croatian Relations has been set up by the Croatian government in Zagreb, although it is not clear what the duties and functions of this body will be. Finally, Politika on 18 April said that the Belgrade-based League of Journalists of Yugoslavia has protested against a Pulitzer Prize going this year to Roy Gutman of Newsday, who broke the story on Serbian ethnic cleansing in Bosnia in 1992. -Patrick Moore, Michael Shafir and Bohdan Nahaylo MORE RECOGNITION FOR MACEDONIA. Belgium, Germany, and Italy joined Denmark on 15 April in recognizing the Republic of Macedonia, AFP reports. Each is an EC member state. Greece, which has blocked EC recognition of Macedonia, noted that such recognition "does not facilitate" negotiations between Athens and Skopje now underway in New York. -Duncan Perry VAN DEN BROEK IN BULGARIA, ROMANIA. On 15-April the Bulgarian National Assembly ratified the association agreement with the European Community, BTA reports. In Sofia for the opening of an official EC office, External Affairs Commissioner Hans van den Broek, told deputies that Brussels actively seeks closer cooperation with Bulgaria. Van den Broek also praised Sofia's "reasonable position" concerning the war in former Yugoslavia. On a one-day visit to Bucharest on 16 April, van den Broek said Romania must press ahead with democratic and market reforms if it wants EC support. He made the remarks after talks with President Ion Iliescu, Prime Minister Nicolae Vacaroiu, and Foreign Affairs Minister Teodor Melescanu. Van den Broek said his talks focused on the war in former Yugoslavia, the political crisis in Russia, and the ties between Romania and the EC. He added that the EC has granted Romania funds worth $250 million over the past three years for programs to develop health, privatization, farming and other key areas. -Kjell Engelbrekt and Michael Shafir VISEGRAD GROUP MEETS TO DISCUSS EC BAN. Agricultural officials and diplomats from the Visegrad group (Hungary, Poland, the Czech Republic, and Slovakia) met in Prague on 16 April to discuss the EC ban on imports of meat and dairy products from Eastern Europe until the EC identifies the source of meat infected with hoof-and-mouth disease. Czech and international media report that the Visegrad group officials agreed to begin coordinating their veterinary services to avoid any future questions about the safety standards of their meat and other food exports. The EC decision had been strongly condemned by leading East European politicians as a form of protectionism, and some East European states had imposed bans of their own against the EC. The leader of the Czech delegation, Karel Kovanda, said the Visegrad Group is quite sure that EC will reconsider its ban. However, Hans van den Broek said on 16-April in Bucharest that the EC will not lift its ban until it finds the source of diseased meat. -Jiri Pehe 1943 WARSAW GHETTO UPRISING COMMEMORATED. Thousands of Jews and Poles are expected to take part in ceremonies on 19 April commemorating the 50th anniversary of the anti-Nazi uprising in Warsaw's Jewish ghetto, Polish media report. The ceremonies are to be attended by a large number of dignitaries, including Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and US Vice President Al Gore. Poland's President Lech Walesa has said that he hopes the commemoration could contribute to healing the often troubled relations between Poles and Jews. The occasion was marked also by an ecumenical religious service in Warsaw's synagogue on 18 April, during which officials of the Catholic Church joined Jewish rabbis in expressing solidarity with the millions of Jewish victims of the Nazi terror. The same day, however, a group of skinheads demonstrated in Warsaw against the ghetto commemoration. Local media report that police arrested more than 50 right-wing and anti-Semitic demonstrators. -Jan de Weydenthal POLISH OMBUDSMAN UNDER FIRE. About 80 Sejm deputies from Catholic political parties formally asked the parliament to remove ombudsman Tadeusz Zielinski from his position, Polish media reported on 17 April. The deputies accused Zielinski of repeated attacks on the Catholic Church and its leaders, primarily Cardinal Jozef Glemp. Zielinski had asked the Constitutional Tribunal to rule on the legality of the manner with which the government introduced religious instruction in schools-through an internal ministerial directive, without presenting the problem for the parliamentary approval. In an Easter sermon Glemp attacked the ombudsman's action as amounting to an attempt to remove "the cross from [Polish] schools" and compared it to "hitlerite and communist practices." Zielinski, in turn, criticized Glemp's remarks. -Jan de Weydenthal KLAUS ON CZECH-SLOVAK PROPERTY DISPUTES. Reacting to the stalemate in Czech-Slovak negotiations on dividing the former Czechoslovakia's assets, Czech Prime Minister Vaclav Klaus proposed on 16 April the so-called "super-zero variant," meaning a solution under which the Czech Republic and Slovakia would abandon any mutual property claims at an agreed time. Klaus explained that the "super-zero variant" differs from the "zero variant" proposed by some Slovak politicians; under this variant, obligations of the Czech Republic toward Slovakia and obligations of Slovakia toward the Czech Republic would cancel each other out. However, such a solution would require extensive negotiations and is generally viewed with skepticism in light of the two countries' disagreements about mutual property claims. CTK reported on 17 April that President Vaclav Havel supports Klaus's "super-zero variant" as a way out of the current crisis in Czech-Slovak relations. On 16 April Havel discussed property issues over the phone with Slovak President Michal Kovac. -Jiri Pehe NATO COMMANDER IN SOFIA. During a two-day visit to Bulgaria, the Supreme Commander of NATO forces in Europe, Gen. John Shalikashvili, met with President Zhelyu Zhelev, Prime Minister Lyuben Berov and Gen. Lyuben Petrov, Chief of Bulgaria's General Staff. In an interview with Bulgarian Radio on 15 April, Zhelev said the talks had covered Sofia's position on the war in ex-Yugoslavia, the implementation and costs of UN sanctions against Belgrade, as well as relations between Bulgaria and NATO. The US general told a press conference on 16-April that the North Atlantic Cooperation Council would be the proper forum for developing closer military ties with the West. -Kjell Engelbrekt HUNGARIAN YOUTH PARTY REMOVES CEILING ON AGE LIMIT. During its three-day congress on 16-18 April in Debrecen, Hungary's opposition youth party, the Alliance of Young Democrats, removed the 35-year age limit on party membership, MTI reports. Some 400-delegates approved the party's broad guidelines for next year's national elections and elected Viktor Orban as the party's first president. The 30-year-old Orban could be Hungary's next prime minister if polls that now show the AYD in the lead with some 25% of the electorate are borne out. In his speech to the congress, Orban was highly critical of the Antall government over the country's shrinking economic growth and the slow speed of privatization. -Judith Pataki HDF'S CHRISTIAN DEMOCRATIC CIRCLE MEETS. The Christian Democratic Circle of Hungary's ruling Hungarian Democratic Forum met on 16-17 April in Zalaegerszeg, MTI reports. The Christian Democrats are one of the three factions that make up the forum. The meeting was attended by Hungarian Foreign Minister Geza Jeszenszky and parliamentary caucus leader Imre Konya. Some members of the circle were critical of the forum because they felt Christian ethics were not strongly enough observed in the forum's policies, but they did not go so far as to advocate a split in the HDF. The circle advocates paying closer attention to educating Hungary's youth and asked that the HDF take into consideration the interests of Hungarian families when making political decisions. They asked for tighter monetary controls to reduce budget deficit and the establishment of a banking system that would support agricultural initiatives. -Judith Pataki ROMANIAN UNIONS REJECT NEGOTIATIONS CALL. Trade unions planning a general strike on 5 May rejected invitations from the government for a new round of negotiations, an RFE/RL correspondent in Bucharest reported on 16 April. The unions broke off negotiations after failing to win concessions on higher wages and price controls. Union leaders said at a press conference that the government has set unacceptable conditions. In addition to pressing economic demands, the planned strike is also directed against what union leaders call "antiunion slander" by President Ion Iliescu and Prime Minister Nicolae Vacaroiu. Union leaders say the two men have accused the unions of opposing reforms. On 16 April, at a press conference broadcast by Radio Bucharest, presidential spokesman Traian Chebeleu denied accusations that Iliescu made such remarks last week and accused the daily Meridian of quoting Iliescu out of context. Meanwhile, six opposition parties urged a constitutional inquiry into the remarks attributed to Iliescu, accusing him of violating the basic charter. -Michael Shafir UKRAINE CALLS FOR CONFERENCE ON "PLUNDERED" NATIONAL TREASURES. Ukraine, which has spearheaded efforts by non-Russian CIS states seeking the return of cultural and historical treasures removed by foreign rulers, has called for an international conference on the question of international cooperation in restoring "plundered" national treasures, Ukrainian TV reported on 18 April. Germany, Romania, Poland, Hungary, and Belarus reportedly support the initiative. Ukrainian representatives have been stressing that in February 1992 the heads of the CIS states signed an agreement in Minsk on the return of national treasures to the countries where they originated but that the Russian parliament subsequently failed to ratify this accord and thereby has effectively blocked this process within the CIS. -Bohdan Nahaylo BALTIC PRIME MINISTERS MEET IN VILNIUS. On 17 April Lithuanian Prime Minister Adolfas Slezevicius hosted talks with his Estonian and Latvian counterparts on cooperation in trade, customs, and the withdrawal of Russian troops, Radio Lithuania reports. Lithuania signed an economic agreement on trade for 1993 with Latvia and expects to do the same with Estonia soon. Estonian Prime Minister Mart Laar also expressed his country's willingness to help Lithuania introduce its new currency, the litas. -Saulius Girnius RUSSIA AGAINST THIRD-PARTY PARTICIPATION IN BALTIC TALKS. Russian Foreign Ministry spokesman Sergei Yastrzhembsky told the press on 17 April that his country opposes the participation of third countries in the negotiations with the Baltic States. The statement came after Hungary's ambassador to Finland and the Baltic States told the press that third countries should take part in these talks. The Baltic States have favored third-party participation, especially in the talks dealing with the withdrawal of Russian troops and have felt that internationalizing these issues speeds up their resolution, Baltic media reported on 17 April. -Dzintra Bungs LATVIAN ECONOMIC ACCORDS. A trade agreement was signed on 17 April in Vilnius between Latvia and Lithuania by Prime Ministers Ivars Godmanis and Adolfas Slezevicius. The accord is seen as a precursor to a free-trade agreement between the two neighbors. That same day the Finnish parliament ratified a free-trade agreement with Latvia. The agreement, stipulating the lifting of customs tariffs on a wide range of goods, was ratified by the Latvian Supreme Council in January, and will go into effect on 1 May. So far Latvia has signed free trade agreements with Norway, Liechtenstein, Sweden, and Switzerland, Baltic media report. -Dzintra Bungs FOREIGNERS CAN BUY LAND IN ESTONIA. On 15-April by a vote of 58 to 1 with 8-abstentions the Estonian parliament approved amendments to its land reform act that would allow foreigners to purchase land in Estonia, BNS reports. The head of the ruling Pro-Patria faction, Hillae Hallaste, said that the purchase of land will, nevertheless, have to be connected with some specific investment. The law will allow the prospective buyers of 35 large state-owned factories, now on auction, to buy the land on which they stand, probably spurring higher foreign investment in the Estonian economy. -Saulius Girnius SEIMAS INTRODUCES DIRECT RULE IN VILNIUS. On 15 April by a vote of 60 to 46 the Lithuanian parliament decided to dissolve the Vilnius city council and introduce direct rule until elections-scheduled for 28 November-for a new council are held, Radio Lithuania reports. On 16 April the government appointed Jonas Klimasauskas to manage the city's affairs. That same day some members of the ousted city council met in an extraordinary session and sharply criticized the Seimas action and discussed sending appeals to Vilnius's twin cities and the Council of Europe. Lacking a quorum, however, they did not adopt any resolutions. Opposition leader Vytautas Landsbergis told the council members that the Seimas decision is an attempt to restore the old regime in Lithuania. -Dzintra Bungs and Saulius Girnius [As of 1200 CET] Compiled by Wendy Slater and Charles Trumbull THE RFE/RL DAILY REPORT IS PRODUCED BY THE RFE/RL RESEARCH INSTITUTE (A DIVISION OF RADIO FREE EUROPE/RADIO LIBERTY, INC.) with the assistance of the RFE/RL News and Current Affairs Division (NCA). The report is available by electronic mail via LISTSERV (RFERL-L@UBVM.CC.BUFFALO.EDU), on the Sovset' computer bulletin board, by fax, and by postal mail. For inquiries about specific news items, subscriptions, or additional copies, please contact: in North America: Mr. Brian Reed, RFE/RL, Inc., 1201 Connecticut Avenue NW, Washington, DC-20036 Telephone: (202) 457-6912 or -6907; Fax: (202) 457-6992 or 828-8783; Internet: RIDC@RFERL.ORG or Elsewhere: Ms. Helga Hofer, Publications Department, RFE/RL Research Institute, Oettingenstrasse 67, 8000 Munich 22, Germany;.Telephone: (+49 89) 2102-2631 or -2624; Fax: (+49 89) 2102-2648, Internet: PD@RFERL.ORG 1993, RFE/RL, Inc. All rights reserved.
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