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No. 68, 08 April 1993
RUSSIA RADIOACTIVE CLOUD FROM TOMSK-7. CIS TV and Russian agencies reported on 7 April that a radioactive cloud, formed after the explosion in Tomsk-7, was moving north-east over sparsely populated areas of Siberia. It was announced that the underground tank at the nuclear processing facility in Tomsk-7 which had exploded contained uranium. A spokesman for the nuclear energy ministry said that Tomsk-7's production of weapons-grade plutonium had been phased out during the past three years. Only one fireman was said to have received a high dose of radiation. A US State Department spokesman welcomed Russia's prompt notification of the accident, but the explosion prompted widespread Western concern over the safety of nuclear facilities in Russia and in other former Soviet republics. -Keith Bush US REPORTER QUESTIONED BY SECURITY MINISTRY. The Moscow correspondent of the Baltimore Sun, Will Englund, was questioned by the Russian Security Ministry on 7 April as a witness in connection with the case brought against Russian scientist Vil Mirzoyanov, who was arrested on 22 October 1992 for "revealing state secrets." Englund said that his lawyer and a US diplomat had unexpectedly been barred at the last minute from attending the session by the investigator Viktor Shkarin. Englund was summoned for further questioning on 8 April, and the US Embassy in Moscow expressed concern to the Russian Foreign Ministry over the incident. Mirzoyanov had co-authored an article in Moskovskie novosti of 20 September 1992, in which he claimed that Russia was continuing to develop and test chemical weapons. Englund is concerned that the investigator may want him to reveal other sources for articles he wrote on Russian research projects, according to the New York Times of 8 April. -Wendy Slater TRADE VOLUME DOWN, CURRENCY RESTRICTIONS STIFFENED. The Ministry of Foreign Economic Relations reported that total trade volume in 1992 was down to $80-billion, or by 18%, from last year, ITAR-TASS reported on 7 April. Exports declined 12% to $45 billion, and imports plummeted over 20% to $35 billion. The Ministry also noted that the state's monitoring of capital and goods across Russia's borders had deteriorated over the course of the year. In a related move, the State Customs Committee announced new restrictions on the amount of rubles which citizens may take out of and bring into Russia. A limit of 500,000 rubles may be taken into or out of another state in the ruble zone; and 100,000 rubles into or out of the Baltic States, Ukraine, or other foreign countries. -Erik Whitlock IMF AND SHOKHIN VERSUS GERASHCHENKO. The IMF is readying a new facility of up to $8 billion to help Russia and other former Soviet republics to purchase Western industrial equipment, the Washington Post reported on 7 April. But Russia would not have access to the new money unless the government gains control of the Russian Central Bank (RCB), which the IMF blames for fueling hyperinflation. Russian Deputy Prime Minister Aleksandr Shokhin told a news conference on 6-April that the 25 April referendum may give Yeltsin the opportunity he needs to take control of the RCB: "We will do everything to achieve control of the Central Bank," he said. However, RCB chairman Viktor Gerashchenko told Russian TV on 7-April that he was prepared to resign "only if the Supreme Soviet [parliament] agrees that I should." -Keith Bush YAVLINSKY CHALLENGES YELTSIN. The well-known economist Grigorii Yavlinsky said in an interview with Russian TV on 4 April that he does not support the view that there is no alternative to Russia's current political leaders. In answer to the question of whether he is considering standing for president at the next elections, Yavlinsky said that he thinks the time has come to start seriously promoting alternative candidates and ideas. He asserted that after the Seventh Congress last December it became clear that the present leadership was incapable of running the country and that new presidential and parliamentary elections should be held to resolve the political crisis. -Alexander Rahr STANKEVICH MOVES TO THE RIGHT. Presidential advisor Sergei Stankevich has criticized the Russian intelligentsia for failing to elaborate a concept for the "new Russia." He told Ekho Moskvy on 6 April that the intelligentsia had not managed to find a solution to the problem of how to merge the principles of liberalism and "enlightened patriotism." In another interview with Ostankino TV on 5 April, he criticized the democratic movement for failing to take advantage of the situation arising after the attempted August 1991 coup. He rejected the democrats' concept of radical economic reform and urged the present government to cooperate with parliament on that issue. He did not exclude the possibility that a new president could be elected by the Congress, and suggested that a new government could be formed, which would work more closely with parliament. -Alexander Rahr OIL OUTPUT DOWN, PETROL PRICES UP. Russian oil output is reported to have fallen by at least 15% in the first quarter of 1993 compared with the same period in 1992, according to Reuters on 7 April. The Ministry of Economics claims that output was 85.4 million tons, and the Ministry of Fuel and Energy puts it at just below 89-million tons. First quarter output in 1992 was 104 million tons. Meanwhile, petrol prices reportedly doubled to 70 rubles per liter in Moscow, and further price increases for public transport and heating are expected, due to the gradual reduction in state subsidies for oil prices. -Sheila Marnie CHURKIN IN BELGRADE. Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Vitalii Churkin traveled to Serbia on 7 April for talks with Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic on the situation in Bosnia-Herzegovina. Churkin also met with Radovan Karadzic, the leader of the Bosnian Serbs. Churkin declined to discuss any new initiatives on settling the conflict in Bosnia, and stressed that Russia is continuing to work within the framework of existing international efforts, Western and Russian agencies reported. -Suzanne Crow KOZYREV IN CENTRAL ASIA. Russian Foreign Minister Andrei Kozyrev initialed a document on Russo-Pakistani relations on 7 April in Islamabad. Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif stressed Pakistan's willingness to assist in the return of Soviet POW's from the Afghan war. Kozyrev continues his tour of Central Asia with a visit to Tajikistan starting on 8 April. There he will discuss problems which have arisen along that country's border with Afghanistan, Western and Russian agencies reported. -Suzanne Crow ST. PETERSBURG TV SHOW BACK ON AIR. Nationalist TV presenter Aleksandr Nevzorov returned to broadcasting his popular news show "600 Seconds" 6 April, after officials at St. Petersburg TV said that they had exhausted all legal means for maintaining his suspension, Reuters reported on 7 April. The local department of the Ministry of Security said that it had found no legal grounds for acting against Nevzorov, who had been suspended from broadcasting after criticizing Yeltsin's 20 March speech and calling for armed volunteers to defend the constitution. (See RFE/RL Daily Report for 25-March and 2 April). -Wendy Slater COMMONWEALTH OF INDEPENDENT STATES CIS DEFENSE PROPOSALS APPROVED. A conference sponsored by the CIS military command concluded its work in Moscow on 6 April by approving a packet of documents to be submitted for consideration to the CIS Interparliamentary Assembly and to the next Council of CIS Heads of State. According to ITAR-TASS, the package includes proposals on standardizing defense-related legislation throughout the CIS, on ensuring social protections for servicemen and their families, and on coordinating activities among the security organs of CIS member-states. Speaking to reporters prior to the conference on 5 April, CIS Commander-in-Chief Evgenii Shaposhnikov said that it was time to put an end to "unlimited sovereignty" in the CIS and to promote greater economic and military integration. He stressed the need to create a CIS Security Council, ITAR-TASS reported. -Stephen Foye TRANSCAUCASIA AND CENTRAL ASIA ARMENIA-AZERBAIJAN. Azerbaijani army units launched a counter attack on 7 April on villages in the Martuni and Gadrut raions of Nagorno-Karabakh bordering Fizuli raion, where fighting is also continuing, ITAR-TASS reported. Azerbaijan has asked for an emergency meeting of the CSCE to discuss the latest Armenian offensive. Responding to a request from Azerbaijani President Abulfaz Elchibey "to use all means at your disposal" to halt the Armenian offensive, Turkish Prime Minister Suleyman Demirel argued that Turkish military assistance to Azerbaijan "would solve nothing", as other nations would then aid Armenia. Turkey and Iran are reportedly in contact over the possibility of bringing pressure to bear on Armenia, according to a Turkish Foreign Ministry spokesman. A Russian Foreign Ministry statement summarized by ITAR-TASS on 7 April expresses "full support" for the UN Security Council resolution calling for an immediate halt to hostilities and the withdrawal of all troops. Following Turkey's refusal at the weekend to send helicopters to evacuate the civilian population from the conflict zone, Azerbaijani Presidential Advisor Vafa Kuli-Zade made a similar request by telephone to Iranian Foreign Minister Velayati, ITAR-TASS reported. -Liz Fuller AGREEMENT REACHED ON CONTINUED STATIONING OF RUSSIAN TROOPS IN GEORGIA. During the second day of talks in Sochi between Georgian Prime Minister Tengiz Sigua and Russian Defense Minister Pavel Grachev, it was agreed that the Russian troops currently stationed in Abkhazia and elsewhere in Georgia will remain there until the end of 1995, as stipulated in the draft agreement reached in February, Western agencies reported. Agreement was also reached on a 3-kilometer demilitarized zone between the Georgian and Abkhaz forces, but not over control of the military laboratory at Eshera, which has repeatedly been subjected to Georgian artillery fire. No Abkhaz representatives were present at the talks which are intended to prepare for a summit between Russian President Yeltsin and Georgian parliament chairman Eduard Shevardnadze. -Liz Fuller KYRGYZ TROOPS WITHDRAWN FROM TAJIKISTAN. Kyrgyzstan's government has withdrawn the border troops it had stationed on the Tajik-Afghan border in March because Kyrgyzstan has no law on the status of its citizens on active service in areas of tension within the CIS, RIA reported on 7 April. The battalion of border troops from Kyrgyzstan, whose participation in CIS efforts to secure the Tajik-Afghan border had been agreed at the Minsk CIS summit, had been brought up to full strength only on 23 March. An officer of the Russian border troops stationed in Tajikistan attributed the Kyrgyz withdrawal that was first reported on 3 April, to an inadequate level of training of the troops from Kyrgyzstan for service in mountainous terrain. -Bess Brown OZAL IN CENTRAL ASIA. Turkish President Turgut Ozal arrived in Kyrgyzstan on 7 April on the second leg of an official tour of all the Turkic-speaking Central Asian states and Azerbaijan, Russian news agencies reported. Kyrgyzstan's President Askar Akaev thanked Turkey for its help in rebuilding his country's economy and noted that Kyrgyzstan shares Turkey's political and economic ideals. During his visit to Uzbekistan earlier in the week, Ozal signed agreements on preventing dual taxation of investors and cooperation against drug smuggling, and is expected to sign similar agreements in Kyrgyzstan. Turkish businessmen accompanying Ozal told a Reuters correspondent in Tashkent that they were frustrated by bureaucratic obstacles surviving from the Soviet era and by Uzbekistan's inefficient banking, telecommunications, and transport systems. -Bess Brown CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE GENERAL MORILLON RETURNING TO SREBRENICA. International media reported on 7 and 8 April that the UN commander in Bosnia is trying to return to the embattled town with 150 Canadian troops. He was alarmed at the renewed Serbian offensive against Srebrenica and has resumed "what has become a personal battle to save the besieged Muslim enclave," the 8 April New York Times says. The BBC noted the previous day that the attack reflects "the overt bad faith of the Serbs," who had promised to observe the latest cease-fire. Morillon's move is seen as a test-case for the UN's ability to project force in carrying out its mission in Bosnia, and one observer told the BBC that the UN will "have to rethink everything" about that role if the Serbs succeed in blocking Morillon, who has already been held up along the way after inconclusive talks with Serbian military leaders in Belgrade. -Patrick Moore SERBS AND CROATS SIGN CEASE-FIRE AGREEMENT. On 6 April representatives of Croatia and its Serb minority agreed in Geneva to a seven-point statement backed by EC mediator Lord Owen. The cease-fire calls for Croatian forces to withdraw from the areas they acquired since their 22 January offensive and for armed Serbs to be barred from entering those places, which will return to UN control. UNPROFOR troops will watch over the Maslenica bridge, Zemunik airport, and Peruca dam to permit free civilian access, according to the Serbo-Croatian version of the text carried by Vjesnik on 7 April. The 8 April Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung quotes Croatia's defense minister as calling the document "a step forward" and "not a defeat for either side." Nonetheless, it should be noted that the Tudjman government had taken much pride in retaking these economically important installations and that it cannot be happy to abandon what Croats regards as inalienable Croatian territory. -Patrick Moore MACEDONIA JOINS THE UN. RFE/RL's New York correspondent reported on 7 April that Macedonia has been admitted to the UN albeit under the provisional name of "the former Yugoslav republic of Macedonia" and without a flag. This unprecedented step stems from Greek opposition to that Slavic state's use of the name "Macedonia," which Athens argues is Greek patrimony and in Slavic hands reflects territorial ambitions against northern Greece. Athens also objects to Skopje's use of the star of Vergina on its flag, again claiming that the Slavs have usurped Greek cultural property. An arbitration committee has two months to resolve the dispute, the 8 April Los Angeles Times adds. -Patrick Moore ROMANIA AND THE YUGOSLAV CRISIS. On 7 April Romania's government issued a statement on the war in Bosnia and Hercegovina. The statement, which deplores the escalation of violence, calls on Bosnia's Serbs to accept the Vance-Owen peace plan as the only possible way out of the current crisis. In a separate statement, the cabinet stressed that Romania gave its "accord in principle" to the recent decision of the Western European Union to support the countries in the Danube region in enforcing the UN sanctions against Serbia and Montenegro. The practical details of this cooperation, the statement adds, should be settled through further negotiations between Romania and the WEU. In another development, Radio Bucharest announced that six patrol boats dispatched by the US to help Romania and Bulgaria enforce the embargo arrived on 7 April to the Black Sea port of Constanta. -Dan Ionescu BRITISH DEPUTY DEFENSE MINISTER TO BUCHAREST. On 7 April a British military delegation headed by Deputy Defense Minister Archibald Hamilton held talks in Bucharest on issues of mutual interest. with Romanian high-raking officials. Hamilton reportedly discussed the conflicts in former Yugoslavia and the Russian crisis with Romania's President Ion Iliescu, Prime Minister Nicolae Vacaroiu, Foreign Minister Teodor Melescanu and Defense Minister Nicolae Spiroiu. Melescanu said that Romania would support democratic political forces in Russia because any communist restoration in Moscow could only have a negative impact on relations with Romania and Moldova. -Dan Ionescu ALBANIA AND BULGARIA SIGN MILITARY AGREEMENT. Officials from Tirana and Sofia signed a five year agreement on Scientific and Technical Cooperation in the sphere of military affairs on 7 April according to Reuters. Both states are seeking to protect themselves in the event that the war in the former Yugoslav lands escalates. -Duncan Perry SLOVAK PARLIAMENT CHAIRMAN IN HUNGARY. A Slovak parliamentary delegation led by parliament chairman Ivan Gasparovic visited the town of Bekescsaba on 6 April, meeting with representatives of Hungary's Slovak national minority, MTI reported on 7 April. There are an estimated 80,000 to 100,000 ethnic Slovaks in Hungary, only one-fifth of whom can still speak Slovak. Gasparovic said Slovakia would contribute to the financing of a Slovak cultural center in Bekescsaba. Asked whether Bratislava would set up a relay station to enable ethnic Slovaks in Hungary to receive Slovak-language television and radio programs, he said he would forward the request to the Slovak government. After visiting Bekescsaba, the delegation went to Budapest, where it met Prime Minister Jozsef Antall and the chairman of the parliament, Gyorgy Szabad. Antall emphasized the necessity of negotiating and signing a basic treaty regulating bilateral relations, which should be "substantial and not formal". It is not in Hungary's interest to isolate Slovakia, Antall said. Gasparovic stressed that minority problems have to be solved by the host country, and that all problems could be solved with mutual goodwill. -Alfred Reisch and Karoly Okolicsanyi CZECH MINISTER OF ECONOMY IN MOSCOW. Vladimir Dlouhy arrived in Moscow on 7 April for a three-day visit during which he is to sign a bilateral accord on trade, as well as economic and scientific-technical cooperation. CTK and Interfax report that the accord would replace the 1947 Soviet-Czechoslovak trade pact. Dlouhy is also expected to discuss with Russian government officials Russia's debt to the former Czechoslovakia. -Jiri Pehe DOLGOS CRITICAL OF THE RULING PARTY IN SLOVAKIA. Lubomir Dolgos, the Slovak Minister of Privatization and vice-chairman of the ruling Movement for a Democratic Slovakia, said at a press conference in Bratislava on 7 April that his party has been losing popularity owing to its inability to "lead a political dialogue with other political groups." Dolgos argued that one political group, such as his party, cannot by itself solve all problems of Slovakia. He also criticized the situation within the ruling party's ranks, where "some proposals for personal changes have raised eyebrows." At the beginning of April, Dolgos criticized the government of Vladimir Meciar (who is also the chairman of the ruling party) for obstructing the privatization process in Slovakia. -Jiri Pehe FOUR AGREEMENTS ON CZECH-SLOVAK PROPERTY DIVISION SIGNED. Czech Finance Minister Ivan Kocarnik and Slovak Finance Minister Julius Toth, meeting in Bratislava on 7 April, signed four agreements on the division of some assets of the former Czechoslovakia. However, the ministers failed to reach an agreement on the division of assets of the former Czechoslovak State Bank and other agreements which are considered crucial for ending the current Czech-Slovak conflict over the undivided assets. Kocarnik told journalists that the Czech government will cancel its threat not to issue shares in Czech companies purchased by Slovak investors as part of the voucher privatization only when all property issues are settled. -Jiri Pehe HUNGARY AND SLOVAKIA TURNS TO THE WORLD COURT TO SETTLE DAM DISPUTE. Hungary and Slovakia agreed on a text to be submitted to the World Court in The Hague, Western agencies reported on 7-April. Hungarian state secretary for Foreign Affairs, Janos Martonyi and his Slovak counterpart Jan Lisuch signed a document to this effect in Brussels. The EC mediated agreement came after prolonged haggling about the text of the application. The agreement acknowledges the jurisdiction of the court but ruling. may take years. The application text has not been made public, pending endorsement of both parliaments but there are two main questions: whether Hungary had the legal right to cancel the 1977 Treaty for the joint construction of the Nagymaros-Gabcikovo project and what would be the water distribution between the new and old Danube canals. The negotiation gridlock was broken on 6 April 1993 when the Hungarian side gave up its initial claim for 95% of the river flow and accepted the EC's compromise, which would distribute 50% of the water in the winter and 60 to 80% of the water in the summer, reported MTI. -Karoly Okolicsanyi TURMOIL AT CZECH PRESS AGENCY. More than 30-employees of the Czech Press Agency (CTK), mostly managers, handed in their resignation on 7 April. Five members of the agency's top management are among the resigning employees, who cite as the main reason for their decision the inability of the current general director of CTK, Tomas Kopriva, and his deputy, Zuzana Bluhova, to lead the agency effectively. At the beginning of April, a group of managers sent a letter to Kopriva, demanding the firing of the agency's commercial director, Pavel Dolansky, whom they accused of incompetence. However, Kopriva reacted by suspending some of the authors of the letter. The Board for CTK, an independent body that supervises the agency, is to meet soon to deal with the crisis. -Jiri Pehe PARLIAMENTARY OPPOSITION IN BELARUS AGAINST ECONOMIC, MILITARY UNION WITH RUSSIA. At a press conference in Minsk on 7 April, representatives of the opposition faction in the Belarusian Supreme Council suggested a nationwide referendum to decide the whether Belarus should be a neutral state and eschew military blocs, Belinform-TASS reported. The suggestion comes in response to prime minister Vyacheslau Kebich's recent initiative to have Belarus sign the agreement on CIS collective security, concluded last May in Tashkent. At the time, Belarus avoided becoming party to the agreement because it would have contradicted the Declaration of State Sovereignty. The opposition also termed Kebich's twin proposal for a CIS economic union an "illusion" that demonstrated the total failure of the government's economic policies. -Kathy Mihalisko KIEV DENIES NUCLEAR WEAPONS ACCUSATIONS; REBUFFED BY US. A host of top Ukrainian government officials rejected a Russian government declaration, published on 5 April, accusing Kiev of harboring ambitions to become a nuclear power. Meeting with US congressmen in Kiev on 6 April, Ukrainian President Leonid Kravchuk said that talks with Russia on the fate of nuclear weapons in Ukraine had reached an impasse and that he had proposed holding new discussions between the Prime Ministers of the two countries. According to Ukrinform-TASS, Kravchuk again rejected the charge that Ukraine had nuclear ambitions, but he did reaffirm Kiev's ownership over strategic nuclear weapons located in Ukraine. The same agency quoted deputy Foreign Minister Borys Tarasyuk as saying that Kiev does not havethe technical means to assume control over nuclear weapons on its territory in any event, and that the Ukrainian President still cannot block the use of the weapons. Meanwhile, The New York Times reported on 8 April that the US Administration had rebuffed Kiev's request for a meeting between Ukraine's Prime Minister and the US Vice President, explaining the move as part of an effort to pressure Ukraine to ratify the START-1 Treaty and to give up its nuclear weapons. -Stephen Foye NEW UKRAINIAN BODY FOR COORDINATING DISARMAMENT POLICY THE NEW NATIONAL COMMITTEE ON DISARMAMENT, THE ESTABLISHMENT OF WHICH WAS RECENTLY ANNOUNCED BY PRESIDENT LEONID KRAVCHUK, HELD ITS FIRST MEETING IN KIEV ON 7 APRIL, UKRAINIAN RADIO REPORTS. Headed by Deputy Foreign Minister Borys Tarasyuk, its main task is to coordinate the formulation and implementation of Ukraine's policy in the area of arms control, both nuclear and conventional. -Bohdan Nahaylo KRAVCHUK MEETS ROMANIAN PARLIAMENTARY DELEGATION. Ukrainian President Leonid Kravchuk met on 7 April a visiting Romanian parliamentary delegation headed by the speaker of the Romanian parliament, Adrian Nastase, Ukrainian Radio reported. Kravchuk said bilateral ties between Ukraine and Romania had not developed rapidly enough - an allusion to the issue of Northern Bukovyna and Southern Bessarabia - and called for the signing of a Ukrainian-Romanian treaty reflecting new mutual understanding. For his part, Nastase declared: "We have come to Ukraine not to demand the return of territory but with the aim of developing friendship." Apart from expressing support for cooperation in helping the Romanian minority in Ukraine and the Ukrainian minority in Romania, Nastase was reported to have shown "special interest" in Kravchuk's initiative for "the creation of an Eastern-European security zone and holding an international conference on this problem." -Bohdan Nahaylo ANOTHER ROUND OF RUSSIAN-ESTONIAN TALKS COMPLETED. Russian delegation head, Vasili Svirin said that the 10th round of negotiations between Estonia and Russia in Nakhabino near Moscow on 6 and 7 April were "constructive, but difficult", BNS reports. The two sides agreed to introduce a temporary most-favored nation status in trade to replace the free trade agreement that had never been implemented. Svirin said that the drawing up of an agreement on Russian troops withdrawal had reached its final stages though the date of its completion, as well as that of agreements on ownership of Russian military land in Estonia and compensation for environmental damages, have not been finalized. -Saulius Girnius RUSSIA TO ESTABLISH CONSULATES IN BALTIC STATES. According to a TASS dispatch carried on 8 April by Radio Lithuania, Russian Prime Minister Viktor Chernomyrdin issued a decree for the setting up of general consulates in Klaipeda, Liepaja, and Narva and a consulate in Daugavpils. Each consulate would be staffed by three diplomatic and five technical officers. -Saulius Girnius SAVISAAR MAKES DEMANDS TO ESTONIAN TELEVISION. On 6 April former Prime Minister Edgar Savissar sent a letter to Estonian Television asserting that he had been asked by all the parliament's opposition factions to pass on their proposal for a television debate to be held on 19 or 26 April to discuss relations with both Russia and the local Russian community, the RFE/RL Estonian Service reported on 7 April. The proposal envisages the participation of four representatives on each (the government's and the opposition's) side, with Prime Minister Mart Laar being one of the participants. Both sides would have the right to remove before the debate moderators whose impartiality they question. When contacted, Estonian Citizens' Union chairman Juri Toomepuu said that he did not know about the letter and other opposition leaders, though knowing of it, refused to comment. -Saulius Girnius POLISH DRAFT EVADERS GET PRISON TERMS. A Silesian military court on 7 April sentenced two young men to prison terms of one year and nine months, respectively, for evading military service. Both had applied for alternate service on moral and pacifist grounds, but were turned down by their draft boards. Three other young Poles are already doing time for draft evasion, and the sentences appear to reflect official concern that opposition to the draft is on the rise. More than 4,000 Poles are now performing alternate service, and another 3,200 are waiting to be assigned to appropriate jobs. -Louisa Vinton NOTICE THE RFE/RL DAILY REPORT WILL NOT APPEAR 9 AND 12 APRIL, WHICH ARE PUBLIC HOLIDAYS IN GERMANY. As of 1200 CET] Compiled by Wendy Slater and Michael Shafir THE RFE/RL DAILY REPORT IS PRODUCED BY THE RFE/RL RESEARCH INSTITUTE (A DIVISION OF RADIO FREE EUROPE/RADIO LIBERTY, INC.) with the assistance of the RFE/RL News and Current Affairs Division (NCA). The report is available by electronic mail via LISTSERV (RFERL-L@UBVM.CC.BUFFALO.EDU), on the Sovset' computer bulletin board, by fax, and by postal mail. For inquiries about specific news items, subscriptions, or additional copies, please contact: in North America: Mr. Brian Reed, RFE/RL, Inc., 1201 Connecticut Avenue NW, Washington, DC-20036 Telephone: (202) 457-6912 or -6907; Fax: (202) 457-6992 or 828-8783; Internet: RIDC@RFERL.ORG or Elsewhere: Ms. Helga Hofer, Publications Department, RFE/RL Research Institute, Oettingenstrasse 67, 8000 Munich 22, Germany;.Telephone: (+49 89) 2102-2631 or -2624; Fax: (+49 89) 2102-2648, Internet: PD@RFERL.ORG 1993, RFE/RL, Inc. All rights reserved.
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