|No passion so effectually robs the mind of all its powers of acting and reasoning as fear. - Edmund Burke|
No. 64, 02 April 1993
RUSSIA CLINTON SPEECH ON AID TO RUSSIA. In an address to the American Society of Newspaper Editors on 1 April, US President Bill Clinton said "we cannot stop investing in the peace now that we have obtained it." In an attempt to reconcile the contradiction between a large aid package to Russia and enormous domestic spending cuts at home, Clinton said financial assistance for Russia is "not an act of charity," but an "investment in our own future." Describing Russia as being "at the heart of" the situation in the former Soviet Union, Clinton said, "the burning question today is whether Russia's progress toward democracy and free markets will continue or be thwarted." Details of a substantial US aid package to Russia are expected to be unveiled during the 3-4 April Vancouver summit, Western agencies reported. Suzanne Crow PARLIAMENT SENDS YELTSIN'S DECREES TO CONSTITUTIONAL COURT. The Russian parliament voted on 1 April to refer three presidential decrees to the Constitutional Court in accordance with the 29 March resolution of the recent Congress of People's Deputies, ITAR-TASS and various Western agencies reported. The decrees, issued in February and March, cover the reorganization of military forces in the North Caucasus and support for the Cossacks there, the appointment of presidential representatives to the regions, and, most importantly, the 20 March decree "on the actions of executive bodies until the settlement of the crisis of power," which provided among other things for a vote of confidence in the president. The decree, published only on 24 March, differed from Yeltsin's TV broadcast of 20 March in omitting the reference to "special rule". The Constitutional Court issued a ruling on Yeltsin's TV address on 23 March, in which it detailed several constitutional infringements. Wendy Slater CONTROVERSY SURROUNDING REFERENDUM. Mikhail Poltoranin, a Yeltsin ally and the head of the Federal Information Center (which the recent Congress session ordered to be disbanded), told reporters on 1 April that President Boris Yeltsin had finally abandoned any plans to hold a separate plebiscite from the one scheduled by the Congress for 25 April. Instead, he suggested, Yeltsin's supporters should begin a petition campaign to hold a referendum on the future constitution. The parliament, meanwhile, refused on 1 April to amend the law on referenda to comply with the Congress' decision that over 50% of eligible voters had to vote in favor of the first two questions on the referendum for the results to be valid. The questions ask whether voters trust President Yeltsin and approve of his economic policies. Some deputies objected that the amendments were intended to ensure a negative result for Yeltsin in the referendum. Wendy Slater YELTSIN MEETS LEADERS OF INDUSTRIAL LOBBY. President Yeltsin met leaders of the Russian Union of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs in the Kremlin on 1 April, ITAR-TASS reported. He urged them to play a consolidating role in politics and to support his reforms. The industrialists' leaders, among them the co-leader of the Civic Union, Arkadii Volsky, and the chief coordinator of the All-Russian Union "Renewal," Aleksandr Vladislavlev, said that, in principle, they support Yeltsin's policy of social and economic reforms. Meanwhile the head of the presidential staff, Sergei Filatov, described rumors that the government plans to increase oil prices and conduct mass redundancies at industrial enterprises as "provocation" aimed at weakening Yeltsin's position in the forthcoming referendum. Alexander Rahr CHERNOMYRDIN CRITICIZES CHUBAIS. Prime Minister Viktor Chernomyrdin has suggested that the privatization program being managed by Deputy Prime Minister Anatolii Chubais is proceeding too quickly, Reuters reported on 1 April. Speaking at a meeting with defense factory managers in St. Petersburg, Chernomyrdin compared the campaign with Stalin's collectivization program of the 1930's and said that the current law on privatization should be changed. However, Chernomyrdin gave no details of the modifications he would like to see. Meanwhile, privatization goes on apace in Russia. Voucher auctions for shares in one of the largest state enterprises, Uralmash, will begin tomorrow in Yekaterinburg, various news agencies reported. Erik Whitlock GRACHEV OPPOSES NO-FLY ZONE, TROOPS. Russian Defense Minister Pavel Grachev told ITAR-TASS on 1 April that he had doubts about the advisability of enforcing a no-fly zone in Bosnia-Herzegovina. He reportedly disagreed even more strongly with plans to introduce additional multi-national troop contingents in the territory of former Yugoslavia, and said that Russia should not take part in any such action. He said that Russia "does not need a second Afghanistan," and that the Defense Ministry will work to prevent Russia from being drawn into a war that, in his view, has the potential to spread beyond the limits of the Balkan region. Stephen Foye PARLIAMENT ADOPTS LAW ON STATE FRONTIER. On 1 April the Russian parliament reexamined the law on the state frontier which Yeltsin had returned with his amendments, all of which were accepted, ITAR-TASS reported. The law, which was adopted by the parliament and comes into force from the day of publication, gives the frontier of the Russian Federation the status of state frontier until frontier treaties are concluded with the adjacent former Union republics of the USSR. The Russian government is instructed to report to parliament by 1 August on the course of talks with the former Union republics on the status and length of stay of Russian frontier troop units on their territory and on urgent measures to install them on the state frontier of the Russian Federation. At present there are little or no frontier installations on most of Russia's frontiers with the other republics. Ann Sheehy RUSSIA'S GOLD RESERVES UP. Yevgenii Bychkov, the head of the Precious Metals and Stones Committee, told the Financial Times of 1 April that the country's official gold reserves had risen to 320 tons. Of the total, 170 tons were held by Bychkov's committee and the remainder by the Russian Central Bank. This level should be compared with the low point of 240 tons at the end of 1991--a figure revealed by Grigorii Yavlinsky in Moscow News, No. 46, 1991. His revelation was subsequently condemned by Valentin Pavlov. Keith Bush SUSPENSION OF OPPOSITION ST. PETERSBURG TV SHOW. On 1 April, the Russian parliament ordered the reinstatement of controversial St. Petersburg TV journalist Aleksandr Nevzorov, ITAR-TASS reported. Nevzorov was suspended as presenter of the "600 Seconds" news show last week by the head of the St. Petersburg TV channel, Bella Kurkova, when he came under investigation by the city procurator's office for alleged infringements of the law on the media. (In his show, Nevzorov regularly makes nationalistic and xenophobic statements and attacks the Russian central and St. Petersburg leadership.) An RFE/RL correspondent reported on 31 March that Nevzorov had refused to agree to a condition that he submit for approval a full videotape an hour before the broadcasts if he wished to resume his post. The St. Petersburg deputy prosecutor has denied that his office initiated a case against Nevzorov, while the journalist himself has claimed his show was suspended after he criticized President Yeltsin's 20 March TV speech. The reinstatement of Nevzorov is the first instance of parliament's attempting to exercise direct control over TV, after the Congress' adoption of a resolution stipulating parliamentary control over the electronic media. The Constitutional Court has yet to rule on the resolution's legality. Vera Tolz RETURN OF PARLIAMENTARY GUARDS. The first deputy chairman of the Federal Information Center, Sergei Yushenkov, claimed that the Presidium of the Russian parliament at a closed meeting on 30 March had discussed the creation of a strengthened parliamentary guard, according to ITAR-TASS on 1 April. He stated that the formation of the guard could mean the final stage of the establishment of a dictatorship in Russia, but he also said that the plan to set up the guard has not yet been implemented and is currently being debated in parliamentary committees and commissions. Last October, members of the parliamentary guard were involved in street battles in Moscow and President Yeltsin dissolved the guards by decree. The parliamentary leadership however wants to reestablish them. Alexander Rahr RATING OF POLITICIANS. Nezavisimaya gazeta on 1 April continued its program to monitor the fluctuations in Russian politics by using a list of the 100 most influential politicians in Russia as determined by a group of political scientists and journalists. The most recent list starts with President Boris Yeltsin, followed by parliamentary speaker Ruslan Khasbulatov, Prime Minister Viktor Chernomyrdin, Vice President Aleksandr Rutskoi, and First Deputy Prime Minister Vladimir Shumeiko. Defense Minister Pavel Grachev holds 11th place, and Security Minister Viktor Barannikov, 14th. Communist leader Gennadii Zyuganov is mentioned in 18th place, his associate Sergei Baburin is in 24th position. The most influential regional politician seems to be St. Petersburg mayor Anatolii Sobchak who ranks 27th. Alexander Rahr US BLAMED FOR SUB ACCIDENT. Saying that the world was 20 meters away from a nuclear catastrophe, Rossiiskaya gazeta on 1 April quoted Russian investigators as saying that the blame for the 20 March collision in the Barents Sea between the US Grayling attack submarine and a Russian Delta III submarine "rested wholly and entirely with the commander of the Grayling." The investigators alleged that the Grayling hit the Russian sub only 20 meters away from its conning tower. They claimed that had the Delta's conning tower or hull been ruptured its nuclear reactors would have been flooded by sea water which would have overheated and produced a steam explosion, scattering the radioactive material from the reactor core into the ocean. The investigators were also critical of the fact that the Grayling did not surface after the incident to determine whether the Delta needed assistance. Stephen Foye & John Lepingwell NEW PACIFIC FLEET COMMANDER APPOINTED. Vice-Admiral Georgii Gurinov was formally appointed Commander of the Pacific Fleet by President Yeltsin in a decree signed on 1 April. At the same time, Yeltsin signed a decree removing Admiral Khvatov from his post and discharging him from the Russian Navy. Khvatov had been harshly criticized in the wake of the deaths of four conscripts from malnutrition. John Lepingwell REHABILITATION OF RUSSIAN KOREANS. On 1 April the Russian parliament adopted a resolution declaring illegal all the decrees adopted from 1937 regarding the Russian Koreans, which served as the basis for political repressions against them, ITAR-TASS reported. The Korean population of the Soviet Far East was deported en masse in 1937 to sparsely-inhabited areas of Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan on the pretext of "preventing the penetration of Japanese espionage." The resolution says that the Koreans have the right to return on an individual basis to where they lived before, and that the local authorities are to give them practical assistance. Most of the deported Koreans and their descendants are still living in Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan. The 107,000 Koreans recorded as living in the Russian Federation at the time of the 1989 census consist mainly of Koreans brought to Sakhalin by the Japanese in World War II, and North Korean Gastarbeiter. Ann Sheehy STANKEVICH ABOUT HIS FUTURE PLANS. Presidential advisor Sergei Stankevich told Poisk (no.13) that he is considering resigning from his present post and writing a book on the issue of building Russia's statehood. He complained that President Yeltsin is not making use of his potential as advisor. He said that the emergence of a new "democratic wave" is inevitable, but asserted that most current political parties are not properly organized and hinted that he is thinking about creating his own political party. Stankevich stated that Russia should reject any expansionist ideas and focus on its own spiritual and economic revival. Alexander Rahr TRANSCAUCASIA AND CENTRAL ASIA NAGORNO-KARABAKH ROUNDUP. Armenian forces advanced to within a few miles of Kelbadzhar on 1 April and subjected the town and surrounding villages to artillery bombardment; ITAR-TASS reported that two people were killed and 19 injured when a helicopter evacuating civilians from the town crashed due to overloading. A spokesman for the Nagorno-Karabakh administration argued that the offensive was launched in response to an attempt by Azerbaijani forces to cut the Lachin humanitarian supply corridor between Karabakh and Armenia, according to ITAR-TASS. The presidium of the parliament of the self-proclaimed Nagorno-Karabakh Republic addressed a statement to the Supreme Soviet and people of Azerbaijan calling for negotiations on an end to the war and what it termed "a halt to the aggression against the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic." Informal talks on the Karabakh conflict are due to resume on 2 April in Geneva under the aegis of the CSCE. Liz Fuller CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE BOSNIAN SERBS VOTE ON VANCE-OWEN PLAN. The legislature of the Bosnian Serbs' self-proclaimed "Serbian Republic" meets on 2 April in Bileca to decide whether to approve the UN proposal to divide Bosnia-Herzegovina into 10 autonomous regions. The plan would mean that the Serbs, who make up a third of the republic's population but have conquered 70% of its territory, would have to be content with 40% of the total land area. The 2 April Borba says that chances that the Serbs will agree to the proposal are about nil. Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Vitalii Churkin will attend the session as he ends three days of talks with top Serbian leaders. Borba summed up the conclusion of his 1 April meeting with rump Yugoslav President Dobrica Cosic as saying that the "situation in Bosnia is difficult but not hopeless." Politika says on 2 April that the UN will take no more initiatives against Serbia until the Russian referendum, while the 1 April Christian Science Monitor writes of Serbian hard-liners' sympathies for Yeltsin's opponents. Patrick Moore SERBS DENOUNCE UN RESOLUTION ON ENFORCING NO-FLY ZONE. Western news agencies and Serbian media report that Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic reacted angrily on 1 April to the 31 March vote. Borba on 2 April quotes him as calling the resolution "unnecessary," since the Serbs deny they are violating the ban, while Politika has Karadzic dubbing the move a "dangerous escalation" of UN pressures against Serbia. Western news agencies on 1 April describe him as being even more blunt, saying "if the third world war starts here, this resolution will be the cause of it." Meanwhile, the UN has protested to the Bosnian Serbs against their reported decision to block further aid shipments to beleaguered Srebrenica except for empty trucks to evacuate Muslims. Finally, the 2 April Borba announces price rises for bread, cooking oil, and sugar in Serbia, while Politika reports on the effects of sanctions in an article headlined "the peasants have no fuel and the people have no money." Patrick Moore GORE PRAISES ROMANIAN, BULGARIAN POSITION ON EMBARGO. At a meeting in Washington attended by the ambassadors of Romania and Bulgaria, Vice President Al Gore praised the position of the two countries on the sanctions against rump Yugoslavia and said the effects of the sanctions are beginning to show up. Radio Bucharest said on 1 April that Gore handed the two diplomats photographs of the speed boats sent by the US to the their countries. The boats will arrive next week. Michael Shafir HUNGARIAN FOREIGN MINISTER IN THE US. Foreign Minister Geza Jeszenszky held talks on 31 March in Washington with Vice President Albert Gore, National Security Advisor Anthony Lake, Deputy Secretary of State Clifton Wharton, and AFL-CIO Chairman Lane Kirkland, Nepszabadsag reports. In a letter to President Bill Clinton, Premier Jozsef Antall, who is expected to visit the US sometime this fall, invited the US to take part in the 1996 World Fair in Budapest. In his talks with Lake, Jeszenszky suggested that Hungary could contribute to assistance for Russia in the form of goods and know-how. Asked about Istvan Csurka's nationalist views in Hungary, he said the Csurka phenomenon should be "neither underestimated nor overestimated"; Democratic Congressman Tom Lantos, who is of Hungarian origin, said that he was satisfied with the steps taken by Budapest against extremist manifestations. Alfred Reisch HUNGARY AND GABCIKOVO. In a letter sent to the EC Commission, State Secretary for Foreign Affairs Janos Martonyi confirmed on 31 March that Hungary is ready to sign in a week the joint request with Slovakia to submit the dispute over the Gabcikovo hydroelectric project to the International Court of Justice in the Hague, as suggested by the EC. According to Radio Budapest, Martonyi expressed regret over the fact that Slovakia has still not announced its acceptance of the text of the joint submission request. Alfred Reisch PILOT PROBLEMS IN HUNGARY'S AIR FORCE. On 31 March Maj. Gen. Janos Urban, the Army's Chief Inspector for Aviation, informed the parliamentary defense committee about the start of in-country air force officers' training, MTI reports. Most Hungarian pilots used to be trained in the former USSR, and some in Slovakia. The first helicopter pilots will graduate from the Aviation Technical College in Szolnok in 1996, and the first fighter plane pilots a year later. The domestic pilot training program is urgently needed as 29 pilots left the air force last year and 17 so far this year, some for health reasons but most of them to work for private domestic or foreign companies. Hungary's air force plans to enroll 50 fighter pilot candidates annually and negotiations to purchase planes for training purposes are in an advanced stage. Alfred Reisch ETHNIC HUNGARIANS PROTEST IN ROMANIA. On 1 April thousands of ethnic Hungarians in Romania protested against a government decision to nominate ethnic Romanians as prefects in the counties of Hargita and Covasna, which have ethnic Hungarian majorities. A Romanian Interior Ministry spokesman told Reuters that about 7,000 people took part in rallies in four towns in Covasna. The chairman of the Hungarian Democratic Federation of Romania, Bela Marko, was quoted by Radio Bucharest on 1 April as saying that tension is running high in the region. Marko said the government is using nationalism to distract people's attention from the poor performance of the economy. The protests, he added, will continue until the government shows "good will and receptivity towards our problems." Michael Shafir ROMANIA'S QUEEN AND THE HOLOCAUST. Romania's former chief rabbi, Alexandru Safran, announced that the Yad Va'Shem Holocaust Memorial in Jerusalem has decided to confer posthumously on former Queen Elena the title of "Righteous of the World." The title is a distinction given to non-Jewish people who distinguished themselves in attempts to save Jews during World War II. At that time, Elena, the mother of King Michael, was queen-mother. The announcement was carried on 31 March by Radio Bucharest, which quoted a spokesman for the king. Michael Shafir POLISH PRIVATIZATION MINISTER SURVIVES CONFIDENCE VOTE. The Sejm voted down a motion by the Confederation for an Independent Poland (KPN) to remove Privatization Minister Janusz Lewandowski from office on 2 April. The vote was 147 to 175, with 51 abstentions. The KPN has long criticized the privatization ministry as a center of corruption and malfeasance, and this was only the latest in a series of attempts to remove Lewandowski. The minister's party, the Polish Liberal Program, had threatened to leave the governing coalition in the event of Lewandowski's ouster. Some coalition deputies, mainly from the conservative Christian National Union, failed to support Lewandowski in the vote, however. The Sejm began debating the government's revised version of its mass privatization program on 2 April. Lewandowski met with the opposition Polish Peasant Party on 1 April to try to persuade them to support the program. With the same aim, Prime Minister Hanna Suchocka met with parliamentary caucus leaders on 31 March. The three opposition parties associated with former Prime Minister Jan Olszewski boycotted this meeting, arguing that the government was "pacting with postcommunists." Louisa Vinton SHUSHKEVICH CHASTISES FOREIGN AND PRIME MINISTERS. In a speech to the Belarus Supreme Soviet on 31 March, Chairman Stanislau Shushkevich accused the republic's Foreign Ministry of not only failing to pursue the interests of Belarus abroad but of representing a risk to those interests, according to Reuters. Shushkevich accused the ministry of inactivity, poor diplomatic skills, insufficient attention to the other states of the CIS, and lack of a foreign policy concept. He noted that a policy document presented to parliament's leadership by Foreign Minister Petr Krauchenka has been rejected. Krauchenka seemed puzzled by the accusations. On 1 April, as reported by the RFE/RL Belarusian Service, Krauchenka said that Shushkevich "wishes to establish daily control" over the work of the Foreign Ministry. Shushkevich has also criticized Prime Minister Vyacheslau Kebich's recent call to engage in an economic and military union with Russia. The Supreme Soviet chairman was quoted on 31 March by Reuters as saying that bringing Belarus into a "collective security" arrangement with Russia would only hurt the country's interests and "could lead even a stronger state into a dead end." Shushkevich added that neutrality and nonnuclear status must guide Belarusian policy for the next century. Kathy Mihalisko BELARUS MILITARY-INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX BACKS "COLLECTIVE SECURITY." Spokesmen for Belarus's military industries are warning that their sector will collapse in the very near future if parliament does not endorse economic and military union with Russia, according to Belarusian press reports. A source quoted in Zvyazda on 26 March maintains that officials in Russia's Ministry of the Economy will not go out on a limb for Belarus if Minsk does not also accept a collective security arrangement. Belarus's military authorities are urging a reexamination of neutrality as well. At a conference last week, Chief of the General Staff of the Belarusian Armed Forces Maj. Gen. Mikalai Churkin named Austria, Finland, and Sweden as examples of countries that are "rethinking their neutral status." The parliament is expected next week to review the question of collective security and a budget that would favor the military-industrial complex, according to a RFE/RL correspondent in Minsk. Kathy Mihalisko SHUSHKEVICH CALLS FOR WEAK BELARUSIAN PRESIDENCY. Shushkevich, whose chairmanship of the Belarusian Supreme Soviet appears to be increasingly tenuous, suffered a set-back on 1 April when parliament's conservative majority prevented discussion of his commentary on presidential power. Shushkevich said the draft constitution presently under discussion gives the Belarusian president more powers than a US president, as reported that day by an RFE/RL correspondent. Shushkevich is known to fear the emergence of authoritarianism in Belarus under the guise of a strong presidency. Kathy Mihalisko UKRAINIAN DIPLOMATS CONFER; HEAR WARNING ABOUT RUSSIA. Senior diplomats stationed abroad held three days of consultations in Kiev this week, Ukrainian Radio reports. The meetings examined various aspects of foreign policy and were addressed by various ministers as well as President Leonid Kravchuk and Parliament Speaker Ivan Plyushch. Among the participants was the ambassador to Moscow, Volodymyr Kryzhanivsky, who, according to Ukrainian TV of 1 April, warned his colleagues that President Yeltsin's success in his struggle with the Russian parliament does not mean that Russia's attitude toward Ukraine will soften. He said that there are several groups within the Russian leadership that have an influence on the development of Ukrainian-Russian relations. According to the ambassador, these include: "isolationists (Nechaev, Shokin, and others), who attempt not to notice Ukraine, and national-radicals seeking to bring Ukraine to her knees." Bohdan Nahaylo RUSSIANS STILL SUPPLYING GAS TO LITHUANIA. On 1 April Zenonas Vistinis, the director general of Lietuvos Dujos, said that Lithuania is still receiving natural gas at the normal rate of 9 million cubic meters per day, Radio Lithuania reports. This was the case, he said, despite threats by the St. Petersburg company Lentransgaz to halve its exports if debts for gas received earlier this year were not paid by 31 March. Lietuvos Dujos owes Lentransgaz about 21-22 billion coupons ($43-45 million), but is owed 11 billion coupons by its customers. On 2 April in St. Petersburg a Lithuanian delegation headed by Prime Minister Adolfas Slezevicius proposed that the debt with Lentransgaz be balanced by Russia's debts to Lithuania for transit and energy to Kaliningrad. Lentransgaz rejected the offer but agreed to give Lithuania two more weeks to pay off the debt. Slezevicius will also hold talks with his Russian counterpart Viktor Chernomyrdin on trade relations. Saulius Girnius NO CHANGE IN TROOP WITHDRAWAL RATE. On 31 March Major General Sergei Petrov, commissioner of the Russian Defense Ministry for troop withdrawal from Lithuania, told his Lithuanian counterpart Col. Stasys Knezys that the military leadership in Moscow had not sent any orders to suspend the troop withdrawal, BNS reported on 1 April. Knezys said that about 14,000 Russian troops still remained in Lithuania and the Russian military had asked to send additional unarmed troops to Lithuania to speed up the withdrawal. Saulius Girnius PARFENOV INVESTIGATION MUST BE COMPLETED BEFORE EXTRADITION. Latvia's chief prosecutor Janis Skrastins told the press in Vilnius that imprisoned OMON leader Sergei Parfenov will not be allowed to return to Russia until the investigation proves that he is not an accomplice in the killing of Lithuanian customs guards in Medininkai, Diena reported on 1 April. Dzintra Bungs LAW ON TOXIC WASTES ADOPTED IN LATVIA. The Supreme Council has adopted a law that prohibits the import, storage, processing, and liquidation of toxic wastes generated outside the country and regulates the treatment of such wastes produced on Latvian territory, BNS reported on 30 March. On a related matter, local media reported on 26-29 March that the authorities are also concerned about the dangers from both the decomposition and the burning of rocket fuel that has not been removed by the departing Russian troops from bases in western Latvia. One private firm is trying to sell some of the rocket fuel to private citizens in eastern Latvia to be used for heating purposes. The Latvian authorities are warning the populace of the high toxicity of such fuels. Dzintra Bungs HUNGER STRIKE FOR BACK PAY. Radio Riga reported on 1 April that trade union activist Lidija Upmale is in the fourth day of a hunger strike. She seeks to draw government and public attention to the plight of thousands of workers in enterprises under Latvia's Ministry of Light Industry who have not been paid for several months. There are about 60 mismanaged and faltering enterprises that owe over 800 million Latvian rubles in back pay to workers. The matter was brought up also at the Supreme Council plenary session, but no immediate solution to the problem was found. Dzintra Bungs ESTONIAN PRESIDENT MERI IN ENGLAND. On 31 March in a speech at the Royal Institute for International Affairs in London Lennart Meri noted that pressure by Russia's extremist forces on Estonia has grown sharply, BNS reported on 1 April. Meri arrived in England on 30 March on an unofficial visit and held talks with President of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development Jacques Attali on 1 April. On the 2nd Meri will fly to Geneva for meetings with political, industry, and banking figures and will return to Estonia on 4 April. Saulius Girnius [As of 1200 CET] Compiled by Wenndy Slater and Charles Trumbull THE RFE/RL DAILY REPORT IS PRODUCED BY THE RFE/RL RESEARCH INSTITUTE (A DIVISION OF RADIO FREE EUROPE/RADIO LIBERTY, INC.) with the assistance of the RFE/RL News and Current Affairs Division (NCA). The report is available by electronic mail via LISTSERV (RFERL-L@UBVM.CC.BUFFALO.EDU), on the Sovset' computer bulletin board, by fax, and by postal mail. For inquiries about specific news items, subscriptions, or additional copies, please contact: in North America: Mr. Brian Reed, RFE/RL, Inc., 1201 Connecticut Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20036 Telephone: (202) 457-6912 or -6907; Fax: (202) 457-6992 or 828-8783; Internet: RIDC@RFERL.ORG or Elsewhere: Ms. Helga Hofer, Publications Department, RFE/RL Research Institute, Oettingenstrasse 67, 8000 Munich 22, Germany;.Telephone: (+49 89) 2102-2631 or -2624; Fax: (+49 89) 2102-2648, Internet: PD@RFERL.ORG 1993, RFE/RL, Inc. All rights reserved.
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