|... Если хочешь, чтобы сердце другого человека принадлежало тебе, нужно отдать ему взамен свое. - Голдсмит|
No. 53, 18 March 1993
RUSSIA RUSSIA CALLS FOR CIS INTEGRATION. Russian President Boris Yeltsin has issued an appeal to CIS leaders, Nezavisimaya gazeta reported on 18 March. In the statement, read at a press conference on 17-March by Foreign Minister Andrei Kozyrev, Yeltsin stressed Russia's "determined support for the Commonwealth" and Moscow's appreciation of its "responsibility for ensuring close cooperation on an equal basis with all the independent states." "Only through joint efforts can the independent states emerge from their difficulties and tribulations," the appeal said. Yeltsin's call reiterated the need for support from the UN and CSCE for Russia to take on the role of peacekeeper in the CIS: "First and foremost, we need realistic instruments to eliminate trouble spots a nd prevent the outbreak of fresh hotbeds of tension." The appeal introduced the notion of "closer cooperation in the foreign policy sphere and the coordination of the positions taken by Commonwealth member states on very important questions of internation al affairs." Russia also appealed for "new forms of cooperation" for CIS economies and infrastructures. The statement's strong and explicit emphasis on CIS integration leaves little doubt that Russian policy toward the region has shifted radically. Suza nne Crow YELTSIN URGED TO INTRODUCE PRESIDENTIAL RULE. A majority of the members of the Presidential Council have urged President Boris Yeltsin to introduce presidential rule, ITAR-TASS on 17 March quoted presidential spokesman Vyacheslav Kostikov as saying. He ad ded that members of the council told Yeltsin that he had the moral and constitutional right to take "extremely tough measures" in order to save democracy in Russia. Kostikov said that council members think that the "coup" which began at the Seventh Congre ss will be completed at the next Congress, the Ninth, if Yeltsin does not take appropriate action. The Presidential Council is an advisory body consisting mainly of liberal and centrist politicians and academics, such as Anatolii Sobchak, Egor Gaidar, Ser gei Kovalev, Evgenii Ambartsumov, Andronik Migranyan, Sergei Karaganov and others. Alexander Rahr GRUSHIN ON MEETING OF PRESIDENTIAL COUNCIL. Another member of the Presidential Council, sociologist Boris Grushin, was quoted by the Washington Post on 18 March as saying that only two of the council members wanted President Boris Yeltsin to introduce pre sidential rule immediately. Others reportedly appealed to Yeltsin to make a last attempt to convince the Congress to revoke its latest decisions on curtailing presidential powers, and declare presidential rule only if these proposals are rejected. Grushin revealed that Yeltsin has agreed to address the nation on television in the near future, presumably on Friday. He said that Yeltsin's address to the nation may include the announcement of a popular measure such as converting federally-held land to privat e property. Alexander Rahr ZORKIN CURTAILS VISIT TO US. The chairman of the Russian Constitutional Court, Valerii Zorkin, was reported to have returned earlier than intended to Russia from a visit to the US, Russian TV reported on 17-March, because of the political situation in Rus sia. The report gave no further details. Zorkin had left for the US after the Congress of People's Deputies ended on 13 March. Zorkin had been influential in negotiating the December compromise agreement between the president and the legislature which was suspended at the recent Congress. Meanwhile, Foreign Minister Andrei Kozyrev, who had interrupted his visit to Helsinki to meet President Mitterrand and attend a meeting of the Russian Security Council, left Moscow on 17 March to rejoin the meeting of th e Council of the Baltic Sea States. Wendy Slater GRACHEV REAFFIRMS MILITARY NEUTRALITY. Russian Defense Minister Pavel Grachev on 17 March again stated that the military will observe the constitution and remain out of politics, according to Ostankino TV. Grachev noted that the recent decision to increas e soldiers' salaries by 2.7 times had helped to reduce discontent within the military. On 18 March Grachev left Moscow for a two-day visit to Severomorsk, according to ITAR-TASS. Grachev's comments were echoed by CIS Commander-in-Chief Marshal Shaposhniko v during a visit to the offices of Literaturnaya gazeta on 17 March. The statements suggest that the military is very reluctant to be placed in a situation where it might again be called upon to deploy forces on the streets of Moscow, even in support of a decision by Yeltsin to dissolve parliament and impose presidential rule. John Lepingwell WORLD BANK POSTPONES LOAN TO RUSSIA. A World Bank official told an RFE/RL correspondent on 17 March that the Bank has postponed by at least one month consideration of Russia's next loan (amounting to $500 million) because negotiations are behind schedule. The loan is designed to provide about half of the necessary financing for an oil and gas development project in Siberia. The remaining financing would come from the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development and export credit agencies of G-7 countr ies. Robert Lyle and Keith Bush DEMOCRATS SUPPORT YELTSIN. Members of the Democratic Choice bloc have appealed to President Boris Yeltsin to adopt a cooperation agreement, ITAR-TASS reported on 17 March. The democrats want closer ties with Yeltsin's presidential apparatus. The co-chairm an of Democratic Russia, Lev Ponomarev, appealed to Yeltsin not to dismiss reformist cabinet members. The co-leader of the Democratic Choice bloc and a member of Yeltsin's inner circle, Sergei Yushenkov, said that a new constitution should be adopted in a utumn of 1994, followed by presidential and parliamentary elections. Yushenkov added that he thinks the democrats will endorse Yeltsin's candidacy for the next presidential elections. He, however, also said that Yeltsin would have to step down if he loses the forthcoming plebiscite. Alexander Rahr CIS COLLECTIVE SECURITY PACT DISCUSSED. Military and civilian representatives from the six CIS states that signed the collective security treaty in May 1992 met in Moscow on 17 March to discuss the future of the treaty. The discussion reportedly centered on the need for the CIS states to create a joint security zone as a counterbalance to the nearby regional powers of China, Japan, Iran, and Western Europe. So far, however, only three states, Kyrgyzstan, Armenia, and Tajikistan have ratified the collectiv e security treaty; Russia, Kazakhstan, and Uzbekistan have not yet done so. Reports of the meeting were carried by ITAR-TASS and Ostankino TV on 17 March. John Lepingwell MORE ON KOZYREV REMARKS IN HELSINKI. The Independent offered more information about the content of Foreign Minister Andrei Kozyrev's remarks made at a closed meeting of the Council of Baltic Sea States on 16 March in Helsinki. According to the newspaper, Kozyrev said that since gaining independence from Moscow in 1991, the Baltic states had increasingly turned toward "aggressive nationalism and chauvinism." He said "a new Yugoslavia-style situation could come about, necessitating the dispatch of enormous numbers of troops to keep peace in the region." In response to the council's 17 March decision to appoint a human rights commissioner for the Baltic, Kozyrev said that Russia would try to achieve at all international forums the creation of mechanisms to p rotect the rights of national minorities not only in the Baltic countries but also in other regions, ITAR-TASS reported. Suzanne Crow TRANSCAUCASIA AND CENTRAL ASIA RUMYANTSEV MEETS KARADZIC. Radovan Karadzic, the leader of the Bosnian Serbs, held talks with Oleg Rumyantsev, chairman of the Russian parliament's Constitutional Commission, on 16 March in Moscow, Tanjug reported. According to AFP on 14-March, Karadzic a nd other Bosnian Serb officials, were invited by the Russian parliament to show its concern for the Serbian people. Tanjug said that the talks resulted in agreement on future cooperation with Russia. Suzanne Crow RUSSIAN DEFENSE MINISTRY WARNS GEORGIA. Ostankino TV on 18 March reported that the Russian Defense Ministry had issued a statement claiming that Georgian shelling of Russian forces located at the Eshera seismic laboratory and sanitarium had resulted in fi ve deaths. It stated that the shelling was part of an attempt to draw Russian forces into the conflict and warned that in case of continued attacks Russian troops would respond "more decisively" with all means at their disposal. John Lepingwell GEORGIAN FOREIGN MINISTRY PROTESTS AGAINST RUSSIAN INVOLVEMENT IN ABKHAZIA. Abkhaz forces withdrew on 17 March to the positions they had occupied prior to the 15 March offensive; Abkhaz military spokesmen claimed the retreat was a voluntary action to avoi d destruction of the town, while Georgian Defense Ministry sources said the Abkhaz had been forced to retreat, according to ITAR-TASS. Georgian Defense Minister Tengiz Kitovani traveled to Sukhumi to meet with Georgian commanders, AFP reported. The Georgi an Foreign Ministry sent a protest note to the Russian Foreign Ministry calling for an immediate end to "military action by Russian troops on Georgian territory;" the Russian Foreign Ministry once again denied any Russian involvement and called for the im mediate resumption of negotiations on a peaceful solution to the conflict, ITAR-TASS reported. Reuters quotes Georgian parliament chairman Eduard Shevardnadze as telling journalists in Sukhumi on 17-March that he could no longer guarantee the safety of Ru ssian troops stationed in Georgia if they continued to support the Abkhaz. The Georgian parliament passed a resolution on 17 March calling for the withdrawal from Georgia of all Russian troops. Liz Fuller MORE REFUGEES SENT HOME FROM DUSHANBE. On 17 March Tajik authorities sent dozens of buses loaded with refugees back to their homes in the southern part of the country after promising them assistance to rebuild homes destroyed in the 1992 civil war, ITAR-T ASS reported. The refugees had fled to Dushanbe to escape the fighting when the capital was under the control of a coalition government of democrats, Islamists, Tajik nationalists and communists; most of the refugees were sympathizers of what is now the h eavily persecuted opposition and presumably the present government is eager to removed them from the capital. According to the report, 20,000-40,000 refugees are still in Dushanbe. Some refugees in Dushanbe have told foreign visitors that many of their nu mber have disappeared without trace; the disappearances were attributed to roving gangs of government supporters over whom the government authorities seem to have little control. Bess Brown KAZAKHSTAN TO TAKE RESPONSIBILITY FOR BAIKONUR LAW ENFORCEMENT. Russian authorities and their counterparts in Kazakhstan have agreed that Kazakhstan's Ministry of Internal Affairs will assume responsibility for law enforcement at the Baikonur space center, KazTAG reported on 17 March. In the flurry of discussions and uncertainties over which authority was responsible for what in connection with the former USSR space facility, thieves from various parts of the former Soviet Union have converged on Baikonur and helped themselves to valuable metals, even digging up communications cables for the copper and lead they contain. One group of thieves was caught in Uzbekistan with gold and other precious metals extracted from technical equipment at Baikonur. The ne w law enforcement system is intended to put a stop to such activities. Bess Brown CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE CERNAK RESIGNS. An RFE/RL correpondent reports on 18 March that Slovak Economy Minister Ludovit Cernak will resign on 19 March. The chairman of the Slovak National Party, Cernak is the only minister in Vladimir Meciar's cabinet who is not a member of th e ruling Movement for a Democratic Slovakia. The minister would vacate his post in protest against the naming of Gen. Imrich Andrejcak as defense minister. The SNP had warned repeatedly that it would not tolerate Andrejcak's appointment because of his com munist past and his allegedly profederalist views. It has also argued that the minister of defense should be a civilian. Speaking to reporters on 18 March, Cernak said that he is resigning "to force the MDS to start cooperating in a constructive manner wi th other parliamentary parties." Cernak's resignation could create considerable problems for Meciar's government. With 74 legislators in 150-member National Council of the Slovak Republic, the MDS is two votes short of an absolute majority. The possible b reakup of the informal coalition between the MDS and the SNP would turn the Slovak government into a minority government. -Jan Obrman KNAZKO ASKED TO RESIGN. On 17 March the Austrian Press Agency reported that Slovak President Michal Kovac asked Foreign Minister Milan Knazko to resign. Kovac warned that if Knazko does not do so by 19-March, Prime Minister Meciar will offer his own resig nation. An RFE/RL correspondent reports that Kovac said that the conflict between Knazko and Meciar is bad for the image of Slovakia abroad. According to Kovac, the resignation of the premier would trigger a serious political crisis in Slovakia. Jozef Sitk o, the head of the department for the media at the president's office, confirmed to CTK on 18 March that Kovac has asked Knazko to resign to avert the resignation of the premier. -Jiri Pehe YUKHNOVSKYI RESIGNS. Ukrainian President Leonid Kravchuk issued a decree on 17 March relieving Ihor Yukhnovskyi of his post as first deputy prime minister "in connection with his transfer to other work," Radio Ukraine reports. Yukhnovskyi told parliament t hat he is resigning because bureaucratic red tape makes his job impossible. According to a Reuters report of 17 March, conservative deputies demanded a constitutional amendment that would have forced ministers to choose between their ministerial portfolio s and their parliamentary seats. Reports from Kiev suggest that Yukhnovskyi's resignation was prompted by a conflict with Kravchuk over high-level corruption. -Roman Solchanyk INDZHEV MAY BE SACKED. BTA reports that Prime Minister Lyuben Berov on 17 March said that if possible he will remove Ivo Indzhev from his post as head of the Bulgarian Telegraphic Agency on the 18th. Berov was commenting on newspaper reports warning that Indzhev would be one of the victims in a series of sackings affecting high-level state officials. In a commentary in Demokratsiya on 18 March, Panayot Denev, the editor-in-chief and Indzhev's former deputy, writes that the Berov government is evidently try ing to seize control over the last independent organ of the national mass media, a reference to the ousting of TV General Director Asen Agov in late February. Before Indzhev can be removed, however, Berov will need the approval of President Zhelyu Zhelev. -Kjell Engelbrekt BOSNIAN UPDATE. Particularly fierce fighting was reported in and around Sarajevo, with 2,000 Serb shells falling on the capital, according to Bosnian military authorities as quoted in international media on17 and 18 March. Intense combat took place in the v icinity of the airport and nearby suburbs. US planes made their 18th drop of food to eastern Bosnia, and spokesmen claimed that deliveries were "right on target," but UN officials told Western news agencies that Muslims were killing each other to take poss ession of the food parcels on the ground. Finally, the Sarajevo daily Oslobodjenje announced that on 19 March it will launch a weekly European edition printed in Slovenia. The daily, whose offices are near the Sarajevo airport, has managed to appear fairly regularly throughout the conflict despite hair-raising conditions surrounding all aspects of its production and distribution. Its staff consists of Muslims, Serbs, and Croats, and the weekly will include a section to help displaced persons find each other. Another weekly, BiH Ekskluziv, began appearing internationally in late 1992 to promote the Bosnian cause and to help refugees locate each other. -Patrick Moore SECURITY COUNCIL CONDEMNS SERB BOMBING FLIGHTS. International media on 18 March reported that the UN Security Council voted the previous night to censure Serb violations of the no-fly zone over Bosnia and to demand that the authorities in Serbia-Montenegro prevent any repetition of the 11 March bombing run. The leading UN body did not, however, authorize any measures to enforce the ban. Elsewhere at the UN, negotiators continued to try to bring the Bosnian Serbs around to accepting the Vance-Owen plan, whi ch has meanwhile been endorsed by the Montenegrin authorities. -Patrick Moore ROMANIA ASKS UN SUPPORT ON YUGOSLAV DANUBE SHIPPING. Radio Bucharest reported on 17 March that Romania has asked the UN Security Council to allow the passage of vessels belonging to rump Yugoslavia through the Iron Gates Two dam on the Danube under intern ational supervision. The radio said that the appeal follows a letter addressed by Belgrade to the UN sanctions committee, in which it is explained that the traffic involves the movement of ships from one Serbian port to another. It was also stated that Rom ania will continue to abide by the decision of the sanctions committee -Michael Shafir WHAT IS THE SERBIAN COMMANDER DOING IN IRAQ? BORBA OF 18 MARCH SAYS THAT RUMP YUGOSLAV CHIEF-OF-STAFF GEN, ZIVOTA PANIC IS REPORTEDLY VISITING BAGHDAD. The Serbian daily adds that Western news agencies picked up the story in the Iraqi capital, but no news is forthcoming from official Belgrade sources. His conversation partners supposedly include the Iraqi defense minister, and speculation for the reason for the trip centers on possible construction or tank-building projects, as well as on purely political motives. -Patrick Moore MILOSEVIC IN SANDZAK. Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic's 17 March visit to the Sandzak region dominated the headlines in the Belgrade media that day. Milosevic met with Serb and Muslim leaders in Prijepolje and promised swift action to stop rampaging Bosnian Serb and Muslim paramilitary groups from pillaging and terrorizing local residents. Ethnic tensions in the region remain high. Milosevic pledged that Serbian security forces will continue to search for nearly two dozen passengers, mostly Muslims, who were forcibly taken from a train in late February by Bosnian Serb militiamen near Prijepolje. -Milan Andrejevich KOSOVO UPDATE. Ibrahim Rugova, president of the self-declared Republic of Kosovo commented on his recent visits to the US, France, and Italy, where he presented a 10-point plan for resolving the Kosovo conflict. Rugova said that the tour helped give "new d imensions" to the Kosovo issue at "a higher international level." He welcomed recent Albanian diplomatic efforts to advance the Kosovo Albanian cause. The Serbian Radical Party has called for Rugova's arrest, allegedly for "spreading false information" on the situation in Kosovo. Pristina's Albanian-language newspaper Bujku recently reported that 120,000 Kosovo Albanians have been fired since 1991 on political and ethnic grounds and said that Serbian police detained historian and human rights activist Zeke ria Cana for two hours. Finally, the Kosovo Serb legislator and militia leader Zeljko Raznjatovic, a.k.a. Arkan, promised local Serbs that he will seek to relocate an ammunition factory from a predominantly Albanian-populated area for security and economi c reasons. Radios Serbia and Croatia carried the reports on 17 March. -Milan Andrejevich CZECHS DENY PRIVATIZATION SHARES TO SLOVAKS. The Czech government decided on 17 March not to issue shares in Czech companies to Slovak citizens who acquired them in the first round of voucher privatization before the breakup of Czechoslovakia, Czech TV rep orts. Prime Minister Vaclav Klaus explained after a session of the government that no Czech shares will be transferred to Slovaks until all outstanding property issues between the two republics are settled. The tensions between the two governments involve the division of a gas pipeline leading from the territory of the former Soviet Union to both republics and a number of other issues. The decision to punish private Slovak citizens for their government's actions was sharply criticized by several officials. CTK reported on 18 March that Slovak Premier Vladimir Meciar told his parliament that the Czech government's action constitutes a violation of international law as well as an agreement between the two states on the mutual protection of investments. He wa rned that the step could "trigger a trade war between the Czechs and Slovaks." A number parties in the Czech republic as well, including the Civic Democratic Alliance which belongs to Klaus's coalition, indicated their unease with the decision. -Jan Obrm an CSURKA SEEKING POLITICAL POWER, SAYS ANTALL. In an interview in Pesti hirlap of 17 March Prime Minister Jozsef Antall stated that Istvan Csurka, Hungarian Democratic Forum presidium member and the leader of the HDF's radical group, seeks "to seize politic al power-.-.-. through a takeover and reorganization of the HDF." Csurka intends to use the HDF's local organizations and infrastructure to insinuate his movement, the Magyar Ut ("Hungarian Path") into the party as a "cuckoo's egg" or "mistletoe in a tree ," Antall said. [The HDF presidium has recently ruled that Magyar Ut circles cannot be built upon HDF basic organizations]. Antall warned that Csurka is preparing to execute his political program and stressed that the political infighting in the HDF is not a "battle between personalities or positions but [focuses] on the basic question of political power." The interview was originally intended for Magyar forum, the weekly that Csurka edits, but he allegedly refused to publish it. -Edith Oltay CONSENSUS ON HUNGARY'S NATIONAL DEFENSE PRINCIPLES. On 17 March the parliamentary defense committee approved the basic principles of Hungary's national defense, on which the six parliamentary parties reached a consensus on 9 March, MTI reports. The draft document, which is line with Hungary's national security concept approved by parliament earlier this month, will be put before the house next week. State Secretary for Defense Rudolf Goo also announced staff reductions in both the Defense Ministry and the Army Command and said the functions of the two bodies will be redefined to eliminate duplication. The army's participation in international monitoring and peacekeeping activities is to be expanded, and a center to train the first Hungarian peacekeeping com pany will be set up, Joo said. -Alfred Reisch NEW LINKS BETWEEN POLAND AND GERMANY? ABOUT 20 COMMUNES IN THE GORZOW VOIVODSHIP, WHICH BORDERS THE GERMAN STATE OF BRANDENBURG, HAVE UNITED TO SUPPORT THE DEVELOPMENT OF CLOSE ECONOMIC, CULTURAL, AND ADMINISTRATIVE CONTACTS WITH THE GERMAN COMMUNITIES AC ROSS THE BORDER. Reporting this development, PAP said on 18 March that if and when approved by the Polish government, these contacts would pave the way toward the establishment of a so-called "Euro-region" in the area, facilitating economic development an d tourist exchanges. Efforts to create similar Euro-regions have recently been mounted by Polish communities bordering other German states and with the Czech Republic, Slovakia, and Ukraine. -Jan de Weydenthal UDF CAUCUS ELECTS CHAIRMAN. The parliamentary group of the Union of Democratic Forces on 17 March finally elected a new leader, BTA reports. As replacement for Aleksandar Yordanov, who was appointed Chairman of the National Assembly on 5 November, the cauc us chose Stefan Savov, head of the UDF's influential Democratic Party. Ironically, the two have thereby completed a full castling, for Savov is Yordanov's predecessor as parliamentary chairman. -Kjell Engelbrekt ANNEXATION OF TRANSDNIESTRIA URGED ON RUSSIAN TV. Russian Television on 16 March aired a lengthy discussion in which Igor Smirnov, president of the self-proclaimed "Dniester republic" in eastern Moldova, other local Russian leaders, Lt.-Gen. Aleksandr Leb ed, commander of Russia's 14th Army in Moldova, and the Russian TV host urged that that part of Moldova be attached to the Russian Federation. The participants described the area as "Russian soil" but also claimed that the local Moldovans desire incorpora tion in the Russian Federation. Two Russian Supreme Soviet deputies interviewed on the program predicted "new Dniesters" in the Crimea, Latvia, and Estonia. The participants urged the reconstitution of a "unitary state" in the former USSR. The participant s in the program described the area as "Russia's key to the Balkans" and as a strategic crossroads affecting Ukraine, Romania, and the Black Sea. "If Russia leaves this area it will lose its influence on the whole region," Lebed added. The participants als o cited "human rights" and "peacekeeping" as arguments for a permanent Russian military presence on the Dniester. The population of the area under discussion is 40% Moldovan and 25.5% Russian, and the territory lies almost 1,000 km from Russia. -Vladimir Socor HUMANITARIAN AID TO UKRAINE MISAPPROPRIATED. A Ukrainian government official said that large amounts of humanitarian aid from abroad has been sent to bogus charities, The Daily Telegraph reported on 17-March. Of 11,500 tons of aid registered by customs dur ing 1992, only one third ended up with the Red Cross and state authorities. It is intended to introduce a computerized data bank linking customs with central and local government to track the distribution of future aid, to pass legislation aimed at monito ring charities, and to "militarize" the customs service. -Keith Bush ZLENKO TO WASHINGTON. Ukrainian Foreign Minister Anatolii Zlenko is scheduled to make an official visit to the United States on 23-26 March, Radio Ukraine reports on 17 March. Zlenko will have talks in the White House and meet with officials from the State Department and the Department of Defense. He will also be in New York for talks at the United Nations. -Roman Solchanyk BRAZAUSKAS IN DENMARK, ICELAND. On 17-March Lithuanian President Algirdas Brazauskas flew to Copenhagen where he held talks with Prime Minister Poul Nyrup Rasmussen and the head of the Danish National Bank, and visited the Lithuanian embassy, Radio Lithuan ia reports. He then flew to Reykjavik for talks with Iceland's President Vigdis Finnbogadottir and Foreign Minister Jon Baldvin Hanibalsson. This is Brazauskas's first foreign visit as president. -Saulius Girnius MIXED REACTIONS FROM BALTS TO BALTIC REGIONAL MEETING. Estonian Foreign Minister Trivimi Velliste told Estonian Radio on 17 March that he is generally pleased with the meeting of the Council of Baltic Sea States that concluded earlier that day in Helsinki . Velliste questioned the necessity of establishing-at the insistence of the Russian delegation-the post of commissioner for ethnic minorities and human rights since, he said, there is no such crisis in Estonia, Latvia, or Lithuania. Reservations were als o expressed by the Lithuanian and Latvian Foreign Ministers, who wondered if this post duplicates the functions of the CSCE commissioner for ethnic minorities. In its concluding communique, the council urged support for democratic and educational institut ions and acknowledged efforts to assist the withdrawal of Russian troops from the Baltic States. The next meeting of the council will be in Estonia in March 1994, Baltic media report. -Dzintra Bungs LATVIAN-RUSSIAN TALKS RESUME. Baltic media report that the latest round of talks on issues related to Russia's withdrawal of its troops from Latvia resumed on 17 March in Moscow. They were preceded by meetings of experts on 15-16 March. Though some report s from Moscow suggest that Russia may agree to pull out all of its troops from Latvia by the end of this year, other reports seem to indicate that such progress is not yet in sight. -Dzintra Bungs [As of 1200 CET] Compiled by Wendy Slater and Charles Trumbull THE RFE/RL DAILY REPORT IS PRODUCED BY THE RFE/RL RESEARCH INSTITUTE (A DIVISION OF RADIO FREE EUROPE/RADIO LIBERTY, INC.) with the assistance of the RFE/RL News and Current Affairs Division (NCA). The report is available by electronic mail via LISTSERV ( RFERL-L@UBVM.CC.BUFFALO.EDU), on the Sovset' computer bulletin board, by fax, and by postal mail. For inquiries about specific news items, subscriptions, or additional copies, please contact: in North America: Mr. Brian Reed, RFE/RL, Inc., 1201 Connecticut Avenue NW, Washington, DC-20036 Telephone: (202) 457-6912 or -6907; Fax: (202) 457-6992 or 828-8783; Internet: RIDC@RFERL.ORG or Elsewhere: Ms. Helga Hofer, Publications Department, RFE/RL Research Institute, Oettingenstrasse 67, 8000 Munich 22, Germany;.Telephone: (+49 89) 2102-2631 or -2624; Fax: (+49 89) 2102-2648, Internet: PD@RFERL.ORG 1993, RFE/RL, Inc. All rights reserved.
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