|Man's yesterday may ne'er be like his morrow; Naught may endure but Mutability. - Percy Shelley|
No. 48, 11 March 1993
Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, Inc. RUSSIA YELTSIN, CHERNOMYRDIN, KHASBULATOV ADDRESS THE CONGRESS. The 11 March session of the Congress opened with President Boris Yeltsin's address. Yeltsin, taking a conciliatory tone, suggested cooperation between the executive and legislature to overcome the current political crisis, proposing that both the president and the Congress voluntarily sacrifice some of their prerogatives in an effort to support the government of Viktor Chernomyrdin. Yeltsin's supporters persuaded the gathering to change the agenda in order to give the rostrum to Chernomyrdin, who supported the idea. Speaker Ruslan Khasbulatov attacked both Yeltsin and Chernomyrdin, saying that agreements between the branches of power should be based on the constitution. Khasbulatov said Chernomyrdin is not a real prime minister because his deputies Vladimir Shumeiko and Anatolii Chubais are more powerful. Khasbulatov also called for the resignation of Chubais, who is responsible for privatization, and Foreign Minister Andrei Kozyrev. Khasbulatov added that the parliament will not approve the 1993 state budget until the government reveals its hard currency expenses. -Julia Wishnevsky YELTSIN LOSES FIRST CRUCIAL VOTES AT THE CONGRESS. The dispute between the president, prime minister, and the speaker at the Congress was followed with the vote for the draft resolution of the session on division of power. Altogether three drafts were proposed: one, by the editorial commission elected by the Congress the day earlier; the second, by the presidents of republics and regions of the Russian Federation; and the third, by Yeltsin. The Congress approved in principle the draft poposed by its editorial commission (623-deputies voted for and 252 against). The second draft received 526 votes for and 247 against; while Yeltsin's proposals won merely 382 "yes" and 329 "no" votes. The Congress also rejected Yeltsin's suggestion to include in a commission a number of his representatives because its rules say that only deputies could sit on such commissions, and six of the officials named by Yeltsin were not deputies. -Julia Wishnevsky GAP BETWEEN YELTSIN AND CONGRESS WIDENS. The afternoon session of the 10 March meeting of the Congress of People's Deputies revealed that the confrontation between Yeltsin and deputies had visibly sharpened since the Congress last met in December 1992. Of all those who addressed the session, only a handful of intellectuals and the heads of republics that form the Russian Federation supported Yeltsin and only partially. The heads of the local soviets issued a warning, read by Krasnoyarsk representative Vyacheslav Novikov, to the effect that they would resist all unconstitutional attempts to resolve by force the current dispute between legislative and executive branches of government. All in all, moderates wanted the agreement achieved by Yeltsin and the Congress at the December 1992 session to be annulled, while Yeltsin's more radical opponents wanted the president to go on with his 11-April referendum plans or to resign if they fail. (The sessions of the Congress are broadcast live on Russian radio and rebroadcast on television.) -Julia Wishnevsky YELTSIN URGES TAKEOVER OF FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS. As part of a package of proposals for redefining powers between the Russian executive branch and parliament, President Yeltsin has called for making the Council of Ministers responsible for questions concerning key state financial bodies in addition to formulating and implementing national economic anti-crisis programs. While maintaining some sort of subordination to Parliament, the Central Bank, the two state banks that handle international transactions, the Pension Fund, the Russian Fund of Federal Property, and other extrabudgetary federal funds should be transferred to the government of the Russian federation, the Yeltsin draft resolution urged, according to ITAR-TASS. The policies of these institutions, especially the Central Bank, have often contradicted those of the executive branch. It is not clear, however, how proposals for dual subordination would help clarify the policy-making roles among the executive branch, parliament, and the financial organizations themselves. -Erik Whitlock PRESIDENTIAL SPOKESMAN WARNS OF CONFRONTATION. President Yeltsin's press spokesman Vyacheslav Kostikov in an interview with Ostankino TV on the evening of 10-March said that by the end of its first day, the Congress had brought the country to "a very dangerous situation," and risked destroying the truce achieved in December between the president and the legislature. He warned of possible confrontation between the two branches of power, "perhaps with the use of force." Kostikov defined Yeltsin's proposals made that day to the Congress for constitutional agreement as placing "a clear emphasis on the economy". He said that the current economic crisis was due mainly to the vague allocation of responsibility and that Yeltsin's proposals would devolve economic responsibility entirely upon the government. -Wendy Slater YELTSIN SEEKS WEST'S SUPPORT FOR EMERGENCY RULE. Several Western newspapers, including the Financial Times of 10 March and the Chicago Tribune of 11 March, said that Boris Yeltsin has privately asked several Western leaders whether they would support him if he had to take "emergency measures" to preserve his rule in a bitter power struggle with the parliament. These "measures" could include the introduction of a direct presidential rule and the disbanding of the Congress of People's Deputies. -Vera Tolz CIVIC UNION ON RESOLUTION OF CONFLICT. The influential Civic Union bloc of centrist parties distributed to the Congress its proposals for resolving the current constitutional discord, ITAR-TASS reported on 10 March. Civic Union called for the formation of a coalition government, and for the prime minister to have the right to reshuffle the government (currently this is a presidential prerogative). It was essential that parliament be allowed to confirm the appointments of the foreign, defense, security, and interior ministers, as provided for in the compromise agreement reached at the Seventh Congress in December 1992. Civic Union called for greater government autonomy, and for a referendum on early presidential and legislative elections if the Congress failed to settle the division of powers. -Wendy Slater GRACHEV ON CONGRESS, MILITARY REFORM. In an interview broadcast on Ostankino TV on 9-March, Defense Minister Pavel Grachev discussed the Congress and a wide range of military reform issues. Grachev noted that while he had been the target of criticism from deputies, he was able to maintain good working relations with the legislative body. Concerning military reform, Grachev argued that the North Caucasus military district was the most important in Russia, but that efforts were also being made to strengthen the Moscow and Leningrad military districts, which are now "border districts." Grachev also claimed that while Russian troop withdrawals would be complete by 1995, he did not expect the military housing problem to be solved before 1997. In response to a question concerning use of the military to assist police and in internal security missions, Grachev argued strongly that the military should be limited to defending against foreign threats rather than internal ones. -John Lepingwell GRACHEV ON RUSSIAN TROOPS IN GEORGIA. According to Pavel Grachev, there is a need for Russian troops in Abkhazia and Georgia. While acknowledging that Russian- Georgian negotiations over troop withdrawal were taking place, Grachev said he hoped that Russian troops would remain in Georgia "to defend Georgian sovereignty, among other things." Grachev rejected complaints by Eduard Shevardnadze that Grachev's recent visit to Russian units in Georgia represented an interference in Georgia's affairs, and accused Shevardnadze of showing up unannounced in Moscow to discuss military withdrawal issues. Grachev's remarks were broadcast on Ostankino TV on 9 March. -John Lepingwell KUZBASS MINERS CALL FOR REFERENDUM. Miners in the Kuzbass region of western Siberia have called for a referendum if no agreement is reached on the division of power between executive and legislature at the current Congress of People's Deputies, an RFE/RL correspondent reported on 10 March. The miners accuse the parliament and the Congress of People's Deputies of "usurping power". Russian radio reported the same day that the wage agreement made between the government and the miners' union on 8-February has begun to be implemented. Meanwhile ITAR-TASS reported that the Kemerovo miners intend cutting off supplies of coal to protest the lack of government subsidies. The mines have to sell coal at the current regulated prices, which do not cover production costs. -Sheila Marnie TRANSCAUCASIA AND CENTRAL ASIA MORE DETAILS ON KAZAKH PRIVATIZATION PROGRAM. The Kazakh government has published its national privatization program for 1993-1995, ITAR-TASS reported on 10-March. The three-year program, which was approved by the government last month, envisages the sale of most state-owned enterprises through a combination of voucher and money transactions. Foreigners will be allowed to buy Kazakh assets after obtaining a license from the state. The branches of the economy excluded from privatization under the program are those considered of vital economic importance. The state will exercise control of enterprises of such branches through special holding companies. The program also does not include the privatization of land, water and other natural resources. -Erik Whitlock HIGH UNEMPLOYMENT EXPECTED IN KYRGYZSTAN. Experts from the World Bank have predicted that between 95,000 and 190,000 people will be unemployed in Kyrgyzstan by the end of 1993, Radio Mayak reported on 10 March. The country's economy has been severely affected by the collapse of economic ties with the other successor states to the USSR. Kyrgyz President Askar Akaev warned a gathering of entrepreneurs that soon the government will have to end the subsidies to many enterprises with which it sought to limit the spread of unemployment. Those enterprises that cannot subsist without government support will have to declare bankruptcy. -Bess Brown TAJIK OPPOSITION TRIED TO FLEE TO KYRGYZSTAN. Deputy Chairman of Tajikistan's Council of Ministers Munavarsho Nazriev told a press briefing on 10 March that groups of the armed Tajik opposition had tried to escape mopping-up operations by government troops by fleeing into Kyrgyzstan, but had been stopped by Tajik and Kyrgyz government forces, ITAR-TASS reported. Nazriev acknowledged that some opposition groups have taken refuge in the mountains of Tajikistan. The same source quoted the official Iranian news agency IRNA as reporting that more than 100 Tajiks have asked for asylum in Iran after walking from the Tajik-Afghan border to the Afghan city of Herat. Thousands of Tajik refugees fled to Afghanistan after the restoration of conservative rule in Dushanbe in December 1992, and few have been willing to return to Tajikistan. -Bess Brown TAJIKISTAN STEPS UP WAR ON DRUGS. The Presidium of Tajikistan's Supreme Soviet has issued a decree raising the penalty for possession, manufacture, or transport of narcotics to five to ten years in prison, Krim-press reported on 10 March. Penalties were also increased for the growing of plants containing narcotic substances. Repeat offenders may face the death penalty. Growing and manufacture of narcotics has increased in many parts of Central Asia as economic conditions worsen. Tajik officials have been reported to fear that rural inhabitants will try to improve their financial situation by turning to the growing of opium poppies and other narcotic-bearing plants. -Bess Brown CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE SERBS NOT TO OFFER CONCESSIONS? INTERNATIONAL MEDIA REPORT ON 11 MARCH THAT SERBIAN PRESIDENT SLOBODAN MILOSEVIC IS SLATED TO MEET WITH FRAN¨OIS MITTERRAND IN PARIS LATER IN THE DAY. The French president hopes to convince Milosevic to put pressure on Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic to accept the Vance-Owen plan for a partition of Bosnia into ten highly autonomous regions. Karadzic and his followers do not like the proposal, which requires them to give up much of the land they have conquered. Many world leaders regard the plan as imperfect, but note that it is the only or best proposal under consideration. Karadzic told the Daily Telegraph that he, however, considers the plan "the final stumbling block to peace," and Tanjug on 10-March quoted him as saying that Milosevic will offer Mitterrand no concessions. The 11-March Los Angeles Times quotes a senior US official as saying that "Karadzic wants a risk-free, concession-free negotiated settlement. -Patrick Moore BOSNIAN UPDATE. Relief missions are continuing their attempts to bring shipments to both Konjevic Polje and Srebrenica in eastern Bosnia, and Radio Bosnia-Herzegovina said on 10-and 11 March that Serbian pressure on Srebrenica is increasing. International media on 10 March reported that Bosnian president Alija Izetbegovic has run into opposition in Sarajevo in his attempts to persuade his colleagues to agree to the Vance-Owen plan, which he had earlier virtually accepted. Some observers noted, however, that Izetbegovic has a history of agreeing to one thing at international meetings and then taking a different stand once he returns home. -Patrick Moore NEW DANUBE BLOCKADE? ON 10 MARCH SHIPPING UNIONS IN RUMP YUGOSLAVIA THREATENED A NEW DANUBE BLOCKADE IN CASE ROMANIAN AUTHORITIES DO NOT PERMIT YUGOSLAV VESSELS FREE NAVIGATION ON THE RIVER. A Yugoslav union leader said that the blockade, which might involve up to 70 Serbian ships, will last until Romania does away with all restrictions against Yugoslav vessels. Romania's interior ministry released on the same day a statement insisting that the country will continue to observe the UN sanctions against Serbia and Montenegro. Yugoslav tugboats and barges had brought the traffic on the Danube to a halt between 23-February and 2 March. -Dan Ionescu COSIC DESCRIBES SITUATION AS GRAVE. Dobrica Cosic, Federal President of rump Yugoslavia, on 10-March likened the county to "a Red Cross" because of the large number of refugees-currently estimated at about 600,000. He also pointed to the rapid impoverishment of the population, the result of declining production and rising unemployment. He warned of the possibility of social upheavals. The remarks were made in a speech to a delegation of Yugoslav Red Cross officials, reported by Radio Serbia. -Milan Andrejevich SITUATION IN KOSOVO "COMING TO HEAD." Politika reports on 10 March that the Kosovo situation is "coming to a head." The Belgrade daily cites as evidence the increasingly frequent appeals by Albanian political leaders and commentaries in the Albanian-language media to resist Serbian terror. Radio Croatia reported on 9 March that Serbian troop movements continue and that inspectors of Serbia's finance ministry are confiscating goods without legal documentation from Albanian shopkeepers. -Milan Andrejevich POLISH JUSTICE MINISTER RESIGNS. Prime Minister Hanna Suchocka accepted the resignation of Justice Minister Zbigniew Dyka on 11 March, PAP reports. Dyka was ordered on leave at the end of January after what Suchocka called a "reprehensible" decision to assign a prosecutor involved in the political trials of the 1980s to the investigation of charges that President Lech Walesa's closest aide was a secret police agent. Recent Polish media reports said that Suchocka had convinced the minister's party, the Christian National Union, to accept Dyka's removal, on the condition that it retain control over the justice post. The resignation is the first cabinet change since the government was formed in July 1992. It may be a reaction to charges that the coalition has been adrift since its success in the budget vote. -Louisa Vinton PENDING EXTRADITION SOURS POLISH-GERMAN RELATIONS. A Polish deputy foreign minister warned on 10 March that "some tension" in bilateral relations is inevitable if Germany goes ahead with the extradition to the US of the last of six Poles arrested in Frankfurt last year for illegal arms trading. The German ambassador was called to the Polish Foreign Ministry on 6 March after reports emerged that Rajmond Szwonder, the deputy director of the Lucznik arms plant, would be extradited despite repeated official Polish intervention on his behalf. The six Poles were arrested in a "sting" operation organized by US customs officers, who say the men were attempting to sell arms to Iraq. The Poles claim Iraq was never mentioned. The only evidence against them is apparently a clandestine recording that is inadmissible in court. The German embassy in Warsaw issued a statement on 10-March saying that Germany was bound by international law to extradite Szwonder. The Polish foreign ministry countered by charging that this was an "opportunistic" attempt to shift blame to the US. A Polish trade official told PAP that Szwonder was the only one of the six men to have government authorization to sell Polish arms. The other five Poles are already awaiting trial in New York. -Louisa Vinton ROMANIAN FOREIGN MINISTER TO GERMANY. Radio Bucharest announced on 10 March that Teodor Melescanu is expected in Bonn for an official visit at the invitation of his German counterpart, Klaus Kinkel. The radio quoted an earlier interview with Kinkel on the importance of the visit for the Romanian-German relations. In another development, reports from Sibiu said that preparations for the return of more than 400-tons of German toxic waste are underway in southern Transylvania. The waste was illegally dumped there in 1992. The German government recently agreed to pay the costs of removal. -Dan Ionescu ROMANIAN PARLIAMENT RESUMES DEBATES ON CABINET'S PROGRAM. On 11 March the two houses resume debate in joint session on a four-year economic and social strategy presented by the cabinet on 4 March. On the 10th the leader of the country's main opposition alliance said that his organization intends to bring a no-confidence motion against the left-wing Vacaroiu government in the near future. Emil Constantinescu, president of the centrist Democratic Convention, told Reuters that "a vote of censure" is favored by all 20-parties of the convention, but the timing of the veto is still being discussed. Constantinescu also suggested that the party's final decision will depend on the cabinet's response to criticism during the current parliamentary debates. The opposition expressed serious doubts that the government's long-term strategy could help refloat an economy beset by soaring inflation and unemployment -Dan Ionescu SLOVAK PREMIER ASKS FOR KNAZKO'S DISMISSAL. In an interview with RFE/RL on 10-March, Slovak President Michal Kovac said that Prime Minister Vladimir Meciar had officially asked him to dismiss Foreign Minister Milan Knazko. Kovac said he is turning the matter to the Constitutional Court. According to the Constitution, the president must recall a minister after a nonconfidence vote in Parliament, but it is not clear whether he must do so also upon the request of the premier. Parliament Chairman Ivan Gasparovic told Slovak Radio on 10 March that Meciar has asked Kovac to dismiss Knazko not only as foreign minister but also deputy prime minister. Knazko said on Czech TV on 10 March that he has not been officially informed. He also said that the Constitution should clearly specify the president's fundamental prerogatives so it would not be necessary to involve the Constitutional Court. -Jiri Pehe CZECHS MOVE ON TEMELIN NUCLEAR PLANT. On 10 March the government officially approved the completion of the controversial Temelin nuclear plant, a step opposed by the Austrian government and Czech environmentalists. Speaking to reporters after the government meeting, Prime Minister Vaclav Klaus said that 18-ministers voted in favor and one-Environment Minister Frantisek Benda-abstained. CTK reports Klaus as saying that the nuclear plant will have world-class safety standards. (US-based Westinghouse Electric has signed preliminary deals to supply Western-standard nuclear fuel as well as control and safety technology for the plant.) Klaus also said that the completion of the plant would allow the phase-out of some of the brown-coal-fired power plants in northern Bohemia, one of the most polluted regions in Europe. -Jiri Pehe CZECH COMMUNIST LEADER TO RESIGN. Jiri Svoboda, chairman of the Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia, said on 10 March that will resign effective 12 March. Svoboda, faced with the resurgence of hard-liners in his party, has sought to change the party's name and reorient it toward the democratic left. He told a press conference in Prague that he "cannot preside over a party, where a regrettable nostalgia for the past is spreading." He refused to work with the newly-formed "Marxist platform," a faction within the party headed by Miloslav Stepan, a party presidium member under the hard-line communist regime of Milos Jakes in the 1980s. Svoboda's resignation is a reaction to a meeting of the party's central committee on 7 March, at which his proposals to change the party's name and orientation were rejected. Svoboda told Reuters on 10 March that the central committee is just as incompetent as it was when communist rule in Czechoslovakia was overthrown in November 1989. -Jiri Pehe HUNGARIAN COURT ORDERS COMPENSATION OF JEWS. At the request of the Hungarian Association of Jewish Religious Groups, the Constitutional Court ruled on 9 March that the conditions of the Paris Peace Treaty must be observed and Jews must be compensated for valuables that they were forced to deposit with the Hungarian National Bank in 1944, MTI reports. If no heirs can be found, the compensation will go to Jewish community. No details were given. The valuables themselves cannot be returned or even accurately traced because the paperwork has been lost or is unreliable. The court also upheld the general concept of the compensation law, but declared one paragraph unconstitutional, because it would provide discriminatory agricultural support for people who invested their compensation vouchers in land. -Judith Pataki TURKISH FOREIGN MINISTER IN HUNGARY. On 10-March Hikmet Cetin paid an official visit to Hungary and met with President Arpad Goncz, Prime Minister Jozsef Antall, and his Hungarian counterpart Geza Jeszenszky, MTI reports. Jeszenszky and Cetin initialed the bilateral treaty to be signed by Antall and Turkish Prime Minister Suleyman Demirel, who is expected to visit soon. The agreement calls for expanded economic and cultural relations and establishing cultural representation in each other's capitals. Jeszenszky praised Turkey's role in helping to find a solution to the problems in the Yugoslav region. -Judith Pataki NEW LITHUANIAN PRIME MINISTER. On 10 March the Seimas, in a session broadcast live by Radio Lithuania, approved the presidential nomination of Adolfas Slezevicius as prime minister by a vote of 70 to 13 with 23 abstentions. Slezevicius was charged with presenting his cabinet to the president within 15 days. The Seimas also approved the resignation of Bank of Lithuania chairman Vilius Baldisis by a vote of 86 to 0 with 13-abstentions. Brazauskas also presented Kestutis Lapinskas, Vladas Pavilionis, and Stasys Sedbaras as his three nominees to the Constitutional Court. -Saulius Girnius LATVIA TO INAUGURATE VISAS. On 10 March Diena reported that Latvia is going ahead with an earlier decision to require visas of foreigners traveling to and through its territory starting on 20 March. Deputy Indulis Berzins expressed concern that Russia has still not approved Latvia's request to open consulates at St. Petersburg and Pytalovo, especially since so many Russians travel frequently to and from Latvia and currently they can obtain visas in Moscow. Visas will also be issued at some border crossing points but they will cost more at the border than at a consulate. -Dzintra Bungs ESTONIA PASSES BILL ON SEA BORDERS. On 10-March Parliament by a vote of 42 to 38-with 3-abstentions passed a law "On the Sea Territorial Waters of Estonia," BNS reports. The law establishes the 12-mile limit for Estonia's territorial waters, but notes that this can be reduced if agreements are made with the Russia and Latvia. In fact, a map appended to the law shows the border to be less than 12 miles in several sections of the Gulf of Finland. -Saulius Girnius ESTONIA'S DEFENSE CONCEPT. Defense Minister Hain Rebas told the press on 10 March that Estonia envisages a policy of "total defense" that would involve the civilian population, state structure, and armed forces in securing peace and repelling enemy attacks. Rebas said that the draft Fundamentals of Estonia's State Defense was submitted on 8 March to Parliament for consideration. The document will serve as the basis for future defense laws and for the drafting a concrete plan of defense, BNS reported on 10 March. -Dzintra Bungs BALTS, RUSSIA AGREE ON HUMAN RIGHTS COOPERATION. RFE/RL Latvian Service reported on 10 March that a written accord was reached earlier this week at the UN Commission on Human Rights meeting in Geneva among representatives from Estonia, Latvia, and Russia to stop criticizing each other and work together solve the problems of Russian-speakers in the two Baltic states. The main point of the accord is that both the Balts and Russians in the Baltics are victims of policies of the former Soviet Union. -Dzintra Bungs KRAVCHUK VS. KUCHMA. Ukrainian President Leonid Kravchuk has rejected the draft budget proposed by Prime Minister Leonid Kuchma's cabinet, Reuters reports on 11 March. In a short speech to the Cabinet of Ministers on 10 March, which was aired on Ukrainian TV, Kravchuk accused the government of failing to address fundamental issues like runaway inflation and the pauperization of low-income families. "given that we have no such answers," he said, "I propose that the entire matter be returned to ministers for reexamination." Reuters comments that Kravchuk's speech was tantamount to a vote of no confidence in Kuchma's government. -Roman Solchanyk MOLDOVAN-UKRAINIAN RAPPROCHEMENT. Moldova and Ukraine have approved a package of draft agreements on the reciprocal protection of the rights of ethnic minorities and on cooperation in education, culture, energy, transport, and agriculture, Radio Kiev reported on 7 and 8 March. Ukraine's ambassador for special assignments, Andrii Obodovsky, who initialed the documents in Chisinau, told Radio Kiev that bilateral relations are marked by "mutual understanding and trust" and that Ukraine is satisfied with the "favorable conditions for the organizational life and activities of the Ukrainian community in Moldova." On 5-March, an agreement on cooperation was signed in Kiev at Vice-Prime Ministers' level by the Unions of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs of Ukraine and Moldova, Radio Kiev reported. On 25 February, Ukraine announced that it will no longer accept the transit of goods produced in the "Dniester republic" unless they are cleared by Moldova. On 19 February Ukraine and Moldova signed a far-reaching military agreement. -Vladimir Socor "DNIESTER," GAGAUZ LEADERS DEMAND FEDERAL MOLDOVA. In a joint statement on 10 March, the presidiums of the "Dniester" and Gagauz supreme soviets demanded the transformation of the "Moldovan Soviet Socialist Republic" into a federation of three equal republics-Moldova, Dniester, and Gagauz-and its accession to the Commonwealth of Independent States, Basapress reported. The move means a rejection of Chisinau's offers, under negotiation since last fall, of administrative-territorial autonomy short of republican status of Transdniester and the Gagauz and appears to lay the ground for them to demand to join the CIS in their own right if Moldova stays out. It also reverts to the strategy of 1990-91, which called for Moldova's federalization and its adherence to the USSR, failing which the two would-be republics would reserve the right to join the union and thus secede from Moldova. -Vladimir Socor [As of 1200 CET] Compiled by Suzanne Crow and Charles Trumbull THE RFE/RL DAILY REPORT IS PRODUCED BY THE RFE/RL RESEARCH INSTITUTE (A DIVISION OF RADIO FREE EUROPE/RADIO LIBERTY, INC.) with the assistance of the RFE/RL News and Current Affairs Division (NCA). The report is available by electronic mail via LISTSERV (RFERL-L@UBVM.CC.BUFFALO.EDU), on the Sovset' computer bulletin board, by fax, and by postal mail. For inquiries about specific news items, subscriptions, or additional copies, please contact: in North America: Mr. Brian Reed, RFE/RL, Inc., 1201 Connecticut Avenue NW, Washington, DC-20036 Telephone: (202) 457-6912 or -6907; Fax: (202) 457-6992 or 828- 8783; Internet: RI-DC@RFERL.ORG or Elsewhere: Ms. Helga Hofer, Publications Department, RFE/RL Research Institute, Oettingenstrasse 67, 8000 Munich 22, Germany;.Telephone: (+49 89) 2102-2631 or -2624; Fax: (+49 89) 2102- 2648, Internet: PD@RFERL.ORG 1993, RFE/RL, Inc. All rights reserved.
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