|На крыльях времени уносится печаль. - Жан де Лафонтен|
No. 45, 08 March 1993
Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, Inc. RUSSIA CONGRESS' AGENDA. At the end of its working day of 5 March, the parliament set both the date and agenda of the next Russian Congress of People's Deputies, which was scheduled to open on 10 March. The agreed agenda consists of only two points: (1) On the referendum to be held on 11 April 1993; (2) "On the observance of the Constitution-the basic law of the Russian Federation-by the highest bodies of power and officials of the Russian Federation." The second question includes a hidden threat of impeachment of the president -the post defined in law to be the Russian Federation's "highest official"- on the grounds that four of Yeltsin's decrees had been ruled unconstitutional by the Russian Constitutional Court. The entire session was broadcast on Russian TV on 5 March. -Julia Wishnevsky KHASBULATOV REJECTS YELTSIN'S PROPOSALS. Russian parliamentary chairman Ruslan Khasbulatov on 5 March rejected the president's proposals for constitutional agreement as "an ultimatum," Western news agencies reported. Khasbulatov's deputy Nikolai Ryabov said that to accept Yeltsin's proposals would mean parliament's "signing a death warrant" for itself and for the whole proposed future system of representative power in Russia, because, he said, Yeltsin's proposals are effectively a list of demands that parliament reduce its own power and deprive itself of autonomy. Khasbulatov accused the executive branch of power of "aggressive behavior" and said that although he favored cooperation "the basis for cooperation is dramatically narrowing." -Alexander Rahr & Wendy Slater REFERENDUM QUESTIONS REVEALED. The four questions which Russian President Boris Yeltsin wants to put to a nationwide referendum in April were unveiled by his spokesman Vyacheslav Kostikov on 7-March, Russian and Western agencies reported. The first question asks whether Russia should be a presidential republic. The other three questions, outlined by First Deputy Prime Minister Vladimir Shumeiko on 5 March, ask whether Russia's supreme legislature should be the bicameral parliament rather than the Congress of People's Deputies; whether Russia's new constitution should be adopted by a constituent assembly; and whether citizens should have the right to buy and sell land. The document was sent to parliament on 7-March. -Wendy Slater GOVERNMENT "FULLY SUPPORTS" YELTSIN. Speaking after the 5 March Cabinet meeting, presidential spokesman Kostikov told ITAR-TASS that the Russian Prime Minister Viktor Chernomyrdin had declared the government's united support for the President. At the meeting, Chernomyrdin warned that the parliament was increasingly taking over the functions of government. He said that his government had always received "solid, powerful support" from the president, contrasting this with the "detailed surveillance" which it felt itself to be under from the legislature. -Wendy Slater GRACHEV BANS EXERCISES IN MOSCOW REGION. Radio Rossii and Nezavisimaya gazeta reported on 5-and 6 March, respectively, that the Russian Defense Minister has banned all exercises, as well as movements of troops and military equipment, in the Moscow region during the forthcoming Congress of People's Deputies. The order was given during a meeting on 5 March with officers of the Moscow Military District. Grachev reportedly issued the order to avoid suspicions that the army is involved in intrigues related to the political battle between the executive and legislative branches. -Stephen Foye YELTSIN ORDERS CREATION OF ANOTHER MEDIA ORGANIZATION. On 5 March, President Yeltsin ordered the creation of a council to protect freedom of speech and to foster "democratic culture" within the mass media, ITAR-TASS reported. The decree names twelve council members, including Vladislav Starkov, editor-in-chief of the popular weekly Argumenty i fakty, and chairman of Russia's Union of Journalists Vsevolod Bogdanov. The same day, Russian Minister of Information Mikhail Fedotov issued an official statement, accusing journalists of abusing their right to inform by fanning social tensions, spreading rumors, slanders and insults. The minister was quoted by ITAR-TASS as saying that many journalists violated the law on the press and professional ethics and that their actions had increasingly drawn attention of the courts and the procurator's office. Fedotov complained that not all journalists understood that the abolition of censorship did not mean the freedom to use abusive or uncensored language. Vera Tolz YELTSIN SEEKS SUPPORT FROM ENTREPRENEURS. President Boris Yeltsin told Russian entrepreneurs that though he has sought many ways to solve the current political conflict , the parliament has rejected his offers, ITAR-TASS reported on 6 March. He said that, at present, Russia has two cabinets of ministers-the Supreme Soviet and the government itself. He stated that a new law must be adopted which divides the functions of the executive and legislative branches of government. Yeltsin further noted that entrepreneurs should be interested particularly in the political stability which is needed to attract foreign investors. Yeltsin urged entrepreneurs to become more active in trade with East European and Asian countries. He stated that Russia will be restored as a great power in economic but not military terms. -Alexander Rahr OFFICERS FIRED IN CONSCRIPT MALTREATMENT SCANDAL. The Russian Navy has disciplined a number of officers after reports that malnutrition among naval conscripts in the Pacific fleet had resulted in several deaths, ITAR-TASS reported on 7 March. Captain 2nd Rank V. Geshelev, commander of a radiotechnical school, and Captain 2nd Rank A. Rostovsky, commander of a communications school, were both relieved of their posts, while the head of the medical service of the Pacific Fleet, Colonel V. Kucheryavenko, was discharged into the reserves. The Commander of the Pacific Fleet, Admiral Gennadii Khvatov and the Chief of Rear Services for the Pacific Fleet, A. Ryzhenko, were both harshly reprimanded for the incident. -John Lepingwell PARLIAMENT CRITICIZED OVER MILITARY DRAFT SHORTFALLS. On 2 March General Staff Chief Col. Gen. Mikhail Kolesnikov warned parliamentarians that the recently passed law "on military obligations and service" was precipitating a potentially catastrophic shortfall in draftees for the Armed Forces. According to Krasnaya zvezda of 5 March, Kolesnikov said that only 15% of the total Russian draft contingent had been inducted in 1993. He blamed the legislature for the fact that some 80% of draft aged men now received deferments, and said that provisions in the military service law would compel the army to discharge twice the usual number of draftees this coming fall. He also said that a proposed law "on alternative military service," apparently now under consideration, would considerably worsen the army's manpower problems. Kolesnikov urged that certain provisions of the military service law be put into effect only in 1997, after the new Russian army has been fully formed. -Stephen Foye PLANS FOR MOBILE FORCES OUTLINED. Rossiiskie vesti on 5 March published a report on plans being developed by the Russian military leadership for the creation of a new service branch: the Mobile Forces. The report makes clear that the exact composition, structure, and tasks of the Mobile Forces remain the subject of debate. Draft concepts have apparently been developed by both the General Staff and the Airborne Forces, with the existing service branches also offering recommendations. The Mobile Forces, to be based in the Volga and Ural Military Districts, will be ready for rapid deployment to trouble spots anywhere on the Russian border. According Airborne Forces commander Col. Gen. Evgenii Podkolzin, Airborne units will make up roughly 60% of the Mobile Forces. He said that "peacekeeping operations" will be among their functions. According to the report, a proposal has been made to base the Mobile Forces on two types of forces: Fast Reaction and Rapid Reaction forces. -Stephen Foye GRACHEV ON ARMY POLITICS, NORTH CAUCASUS. Interviewed by Rossiiskie vesti on 6-March, Defense Minister Pavel Grachev again said that he intended to keep the armed forces out of politics. Grachev also rejected allegations of incompetence and corruption leveled by opponents on the left and on the right, charging that both the parliamentary group "Reform of the Army" and the ultra-nationalist "Officers Union" are more interested in gaining publicity than in making concrete proposals aimed at furthering military reform. The interview is most interesting, however, for what Grachev said about the status and intended composition of Russian troops in the North Caucasus. Two airborne and two motorized brigades have apparently already been formed in the region, while another airborne division and various military transport and army aviation units are said to be on the way. They are to form the core of the North Caucasus Military District's mobile forces. Grachev also said that Russian troops would withdraw from Georgian territory - including Adzharia and Abkhazia - only upon the signing of an intergovernmental agreement. He accused the Georgian government of failing to act responsibly on the matter. -Stephen Foye AUSHEV INAUGURATED AS INGUSH PRESIDENT. Major-General Ruslan Aushev, a highly-decorated Afghan war hero, was inaugurated on 7 March as the first president of Ingushetia, ITAR-TASS reported. Aushev said that Ingushetia needed a strong executive power, and he would like a government of young professionals to conduct economic policy and wage a merciless war on crime. He said that it would be a mistake to hold parliamentary elections-scheduled for 11 April-in the near future, and even questioned whether a parliament was the best form of legislative power for Ingushetia. He reiterated that Russian troops should be withdrawn from Ingushetia and that part of the Prigorodnyi raion of North Ossetia should be returned to the Ingush. The largest delegation at the inauguration was the Chechen, headed by Chechen president Dzhokhar Dudaev, whose speech was met by "stormy applause." Russia was represented by the head of its parliament's budget and planning commission, Aleksandr Pochinok. -Ann Sheehy TRANSCAUCASIA AND CENTRAL ASIA TAJIK GOVERNMENT FORCES TAKE OPPOSITION STRONGHOLDS. Tajikistan's Minister of Internal Affairs, Yakubzhon Salimov, told Khovar-TASS correspondents on 6-March that government troops had finally captured the Ramit Gorge east of Dushanbe from opposition forces who have been holed up in the area for more than a month. Salimov also stated that the government is currently in control of many settlements in the Garm region, one of the most important strongholds of the Islamic opposition; the last such claim by a government figure was followed by the proclamation of an autonomous Islamic republic in Garm. The "autonomous republic" seems to have disintegrated, but Salimov admitted that the government is still engaged in negotiations with opposition forces in Badakhshan to persuade armed groups in that region to surrender their weapons. -Bess Brown TAJIK LEADER VISITS BEIJING. Tajikistan's head of state, Supreme Soviet Chairman Imomali Rakhmonov, began an official visit to Beijing on 7 March, Khovar-TASS reported. It is Rakhmonov's first official trip outside the CIS since assuming his present post. More than ten agreements on Chinese-Tajik cooperation were to be signed during Rakhmonov's visit, including one authorizing airline service between Dushanbe and Beijing. -Bess Brown CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE MORE ETHNIC CLEANSING IN EASTERN BOSNIA. International media reported on 7 and 8-March that UN and Bosnian officials fear that tens of thousands of Muslim refugees may try to converge on the industrial town of Tuzla as Serbs consolidate their hold on embattled areas between that center and the Serbian border. One official told Reuters that Tuzla could degenerate "into lawlessness and disorder," and mentioned to the 8 March New York Times that Serbs are trying to force an exchange of Tuzla Serbs for eastern Muslims as a condition for opening an evacuation corridor, thereby making the UN a de facto partner in ethnic cleansing. Meanwhile, UN commander Gen.-Philippe Morillon visited Cerska and Konjevic Polje on 5-6 March after a harrowing journey. He said there is hunger and destitution there but no sign of the previously reported massacres. Bosnian army commander Sefer Halilovic on 7 March told Western agencies that the Serbs, who had taken Cerska, had tricked Morillon, and he should return for another inspection. But the 8 March the Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung quotes Morillon as saying that he is an "old soldier who knows the smell of death," which he did not find at Cerska. Patrick Moore BOUTROS-GHALI SAYS UN MAY HAVE TO USE FORCE TO IMPLEMENT A SETTLEMENT. Echoing his remarks made to the London Times on 3 March, the UN secretary-general told ABC TV on 7 March that the world body may have to launch a "major operation" if any Bosnian settlement is to stick. Other UN officials told the 8 March New York Times that the previous failures of the warring commanders to keep agreements made by their nominal superiors would probably make the use of force inevitable if any new agreement is not to become a dead letter like its predecessors. Meanwhile, peace talks at the UN were suspended on 6-March when Bosnian President Alija Izetbegovic left the talks without an agreement having been reached. Finally, on 7 March the pope received the mayor of Sarajevo and said that it is never to late to rebuild the city and begin a new life, Vatican Radio reports. -Patrick Moore NO "VIETNAM SYNDROME" FOR THE CROATIAN MILITARY? THE 23 FEBRUARY VJESNIK REPORTED ON A TALK WITH ZELJKO DOSEN, THE HEAD OF THE CROATIAN DEFENSE MINISTRY'S DEPARTMENT OF MILITARY PSYCHOLOGY. Dosen says that Croatian fighters in the wars against the Yugoslav and Serbian military since 1991 lack the self-doubts and problems that could later lead to the psychological difficulties generally known as "Vietnam syndrome." He argues that the Croats have both a strong morale based on patriotism, and a clear sense of purpose that they are fighting to free their own country from an occupier. He adds that the Croatian army as an organization is a highly professional body and is not motivated largely by a desire to preserve its privileges, as the former Yugoslav army was. All these factors, Dosen feels, make for a confident and combat-ready force. The military has nonetheless established a telephone hot line for soldiers or members of their families who might be having problems. -Patrick Moore SEJM PRESIDIUM SURVIVES DISMISSAL VOTE. The Sejm voted on 5 March to reject a motion by the former communist Democratic Left Alliance (SLD) to remove the Sejm leadership. The current presidium was voted into office after the 1991 parliamentary elections and reflects the constellation of forces that supported former Prime Minister Jan Olszewski rather than the current governing coalition. The vote was a lopsided 230 to 124. The SLD charged the Sejm presidium with bias and incompetence, and argued that the two largest caucuses, the SLD and the Democratic Union, should have their representatives on the presidium. SLD deputies told Gazeta Wyborcza that they will now try "salami tactics" and demand the removal of leadership figures one by one, starting with Deputy Speaker Andrzej Kern, who has been embarrassed by allegations of sexual misconduct in a steamy expose called Erotic Immunities. -Louisa Vinton CHURCH/STATE ISSUES SURFACE IN SEJM. In other parliamentary business, the Sejm voted on 6 March to restore the possibility of joint taxation for married couples. This provision, initially rejected by the Sejm, was restored by the Senate amid protests from Silesian miners. The Sejm voted to extend preferential tax status to single parents as well. In addition, the Sejm reversed an earlier decision and restored tax breaks for religious denominations. The Christian National Union has argued that the removal of these privileges would cause tension in Church-state relations. Meanwhile, Gazeta Wyborcza reports that 169-deputies signed a petition calling for a cross to be hung in the Sejm next to the Polish state seal. Work is also reported underway to convert a room in the Sejm into a chapel. Outside the Sejm, the Warsaw regional prosecutor ruled that a billboard advertisement put up by the Benetton clothing firm, showing a nun kissing a priest, does not violate the law. PAP reported this story on 5 March. -Louisa Vinton KNAZKO WRITES TO SLOVAK PRESIDENT. Speaking at a meeting with journalists on 6-March, Foreign Minister Milan Knazko said that on 3 March he sent a letter to President Michal Kovac, in which he asked him to help resolve his dispute with Prime Minister Vladimir Meciar. Knazko told reporters that the letter also asks for help from Ivan Gasparovic, the chairman of the Slovak parliament, and Ivan Laluha, the chairman of the parliament's foreign relations committee. On 1 March, Knazko told Slovak TV that Meciar will ask the president to dismiss Knazko from his post. On 6 March, Knazko also said that the government's disapproval of his planned trip to Brussels seriously harms Slovakia's interests. He argued that the presence of a different Slovak delegate at the 8-March meeting of CSCE foreign ministers in Brussels may be misunderstood as a lack of interest by Slovakia. -Jiri Pehe SLOVAK PREMIER ON THE ECONOMY. Vladimir Meciar told Slovak TV on 7 March that the social character of Slovak economic reform will differentiate it from the Czech model. All citizens, institutions, and enterprises must cooperate to halt the country's economic decline, Meciar said; the government cannot reverse the situation by itself. He said that at a recent meeting in Stara Tura economics ministers and experts agreed that the Slovak economy will be market-oriented and will respect social and environmental safeguards. On 3 March Meciar said that Slovakia is abandoning radical reform devised by Czech Premier and former federal Finance Minister Vaclav Klaus. -Jiri Pehe HDF PARLIAMENTARY CAUCUS ELECTS NEW LEADERSHIP. The parliamentary caucus of the ruling Hungarian Democratic Forum held a three-day meeting in Balatonkenese starting on 5 March in order to discuss important political, economic, agricultural, and educational problems and to elect a new leadership, MTI reports. According to faction leader Imre Konya, for the 8-member leadership the 101 deputies sought to elect deputies pledged to carry out the resolutions of the recent HDF congress. No deputies with extreme liberal or populist views-notably Istvan Csurka, Istvan Elek and Ferenc Grezsa-won election into the leading organ, although populist Bertalan Andrasfalvy, recently dismissed culture and education minister, will be among the leaders. The leadership of the HDF caucus has the following members: Andrasfalvy, Lajos Bako, Gyula Kiss, Huba Kozma, Ferenc Kulin, Laszlo Salamon, Gyula Takacsy, and Imre Laszlo Toth. -Judith Pataki KISSINGER IN HUNGARY. Former US Secretary of State Henry Kissinger met with Budapest Mayor Gabor Demszky on 7 March, MTI reports. Kissinger is in Hungary to give a talk at the World Tourist and Travel Conference held in Budapest between 8-10 March. Kissinger will also talk with President Arpad Goncz and Prime Minister Jozsef Antall. -Judith Pataki HUNGARIAN PRESIDENT IN LIVE INTERVIEW. On 6-March President Arpad Goncz, in a live interview on Radio Budapest, said that prior to signing the recent laws on crimes committed under communism, he will send the texts of the laws to the Constitutional Court to decide their constitutionality. Goncz said that he has not made up his mind yet about the request on 6 January that the chairmen of Hungarian Radio and Television, Csaba Gombar and Elemer Hankiss, be dismissed. In a separate statement on 8-March Goncz noted that the two-month grace period for the resignations has now expired and he considers Gombar and Hankliss the legitimate incumbent chairmen of the media organizations. Goncz also said that his own legal position vis-И-vis the army and the Defense Ministry must be made clear: according to the Constitution, Goncz is commander in chief of the armed forces, but the Constitutional Court has already sought to limit his powers. -Judith Pataki GREATER ROMANIA PARTY HOLDS FIRST CONGRESS. At the first congress of the extreme nationalist Greater Romania Party in Bucharest on 6 and 7 March, Senator Corneliu Vadim Tudor, the party's leader, demanded a crackdown on the Hungarian Democratic Federation of Romania, accusing it of plotting a Yugoslav-style breakup of Romania. He also attacked HDFR honorary president, Bishop Laszlo Tokes, for declaring that the Hungarians of Romania are being subjected to "ethnic cleansing" and suggested he should be deported. Tudor praised Nicolae Ceausescu as a patriot and said the revolt that overthrew him in 1989 was an "armed attack" against Romania by the former Soviet Union and Hungary. The GRP leader pledged support for the Vacaroiu government, provided it takes the GRP's views into account. Radio Bucharest, Rompres, and Reuter carried Tudor's statements. On 7 March, the GRP adopted a new party statute and program and unanimously reelected Tudor as chairman. -Michael Shafir COUNCIL OF EUROPE OFFICIAL IN ROMANIA. Friedrich Koenig, one of the rapporteurs for Romania on behalf of the Council of Europe, arrived in the Romanian capital on 6 March, Radio Bucharest reports. He is accompanied by two other council rapporteurs. They will examine Romania's request for full Council of Europe membership. -Michael Shafir UNEMPLOYMENT IN ROMANIA. According to data released on 3 March by the Ministry of Labor and Social Protection, there were 1,025,717 persons unemployed on 1 March. Radio Bucharest said the number of unemployed has risen by 75,875 since 1 February and the unemployment rate has grown from 8.5 to 9.2% of the total work force. -Michael Shafir UDF PREPARES FOR CONFERENCE. During the weekend of 6-7 March most parties and member organizations of the Union of Democratic Forces met to discuss their strategies for the upcoming national conference scheduled for 13-14 March. UDF Chairman Filip Dimitrov told a BTA correspondent in Veliko Tarnovo that new elections are likely soon, but first it must be clarified what authority each institution in the coalition enjoys. Since last fall the UDF National Coordinating Council has been on a collision course with its parliamentary group, which has been more prone to compromise with the other two factions. The conflict sharpened after the UDF government lost power last November when some of the coalition's lawmakers decided to support the new government. -Kjell Engelbrekt BULGARIAN TV DIRECTOR BACKS DOWN. Militsa Traykova, acting General Director of Bulgarian TV, on 5 March revoked the dismissal of Stefan Dimitrov, the head of the first channel. According to BTA, Traykova announced her decision following pressure both from personnel and the parliamentary Committee on Radio and Television. In a comment on the same day, the committee said Traykova "exceeded her powers" by ordering major personnel changes. The committee further demanded that a new General Director be selected before 31-March. -Kjell Engelbrekt UKRAINIAN COMMUNIST CONFERENCE. Communists from throughout Ukraine held a conference in Donetsk on 6-7 March and resolved to seek the relegalization of the Communist Party of Ukraine, ITAR-TASS and Western agencies report. Among the delegates were eight members of the newly formed Social Justice parliamentary faction. The coordinator of the group, well-known poet Borys Oliinyk, said that the issue of relegalization will be considered by the parliament this month. -Roman Solchanyk KRAVCHUK ON RELATIONS WITH RUSSIA. Ukrainian President Leonid Kravchuk told Ostankino TV on 7 March that Ukraine seeks friendly and equal relations with Russia, ITAR-TASS reports. Appearing on the program "Live Dialogue," the Ukrainian leader also said that he is prepared to cooperate with those communists who support the interests of Ukrainian statehood. -Roman Solchanyk UKRAINE REJECTS RUSSIAN ACCUSATIONS CONCERNING START-1. Radio Ukraine on 6 March reported that Yurii Kostenko, the head of the delegation negotiating with Russia over the terms of nuclear disarmament, rejected Russian complaints that the Ukrainian side is dragging out the negotiations. Kostenko noted that a Russian Foreign ministry statement distorted the state of the negotiations and violated agreements on their confidentiality. On 7-March, President Leonid Kravchuk again restated that Ukraine will ratify START-1 and become a nonnuclear state but called for further security guarantees and financial assistance for disarmament. -John Lepingwell ESTONIA CONCERNED ABOUT PALDISKI REACTOR, SUNKEN RUSSIAN SHIPS. Minister of the Environment Andres Tarand told the press on 6 March that about 100 Soviet and Russian ships have been sunk off the Estonian coast in recent years, many with their tanks full of fuel and some possibly containing dangerous chemicals; should one start to leak, the whole Baltic area would be affected. On a visit to London on 4-March, Foreign Minister Trivimi Velliste drew attention to the danger stemming from two nuclear reactors at the Russian naval base at Paldiski. Estonia wants the reactors dismantled and removed and is trying to obtain help from IAEA experts, despite the fact that Russia had been objecting to enlisting outside help in this process. Juri Liime, leader of the working group on the Paldiski naval base, noted, however, that recently Russia had become more receptive to the idea since it did not seem to have the expertise required to handle the task successfully, BNS reported on 6 March. -Dzintra Bungs RUSSIAN ARMY VIOLATING LATVIAN AIR SPACE. According to data gathered by the Latvian Defense Ministry, the Russian military made 222 unauthorized incursions into Latvia's air space during January and February 1993. Three army transport vehicles and three naval vessels also entered Latvian territory illegally. In addition, during the same period, over 70 Russian servicemen were detained on Latvian territory and expelled. Most were brought to Latvia on missile carriers from Kaliningrad, Baltic media reported on 5-March. -Dzintra Bungs LATVIA BRINGS IN FIRST LATI, LITHUANIA ISSUES MORE COUPONS. On 5 March Latvia issued the first 5lati bank notes, valued at 1000 Latvian rubles. This was first step in the gradual process of switching over to its own currency from the interim currency, the Latvian ruble. Radio Riga reports that the introduction proceeded smoothly. Baltic media reported on the 6th that the Lithuanian Bank has decided to issue new coupons (serving as temporary money) in a denomination of 200 to help settle payments with the population and also that the police have discovered a cache of some 530,000 false coupons in Vilnius. No date has been set for Lithuania to switch over to its own currency. -Dzintra Bungs LITHUANIA HOLDS RECORD FOR PETITION. Vytautas Navaitis, the director of the Factum Agency that registers Lithuanian records, said that the next edition of the Guinness Book of World Records will include the world's largest petition, 5,218,520 signatures from all over the world collected in four months in 1990, demanding the recognition of Lithuania's independence from the USSR. BNS reports that the book will also include a photograph of the presentation of the petition to then Supreme Council Chairman Vytautas Landsbergis. Lithuania holds three other records in the book as well. -Saulius Girnius [As of 1200 CET] Compiled by Dzintra Bungs and Charles Trumbull THE RFE/RL DAILY REPORT IS PRODUCED BY THE RFE/RL RESEARCH INSTITUTE (A DIVISION OF RADIO FREE EUROPE/RADIO LIBERTY, INC.) with the assistance of the RFE/RL News and Current Affairs Division (NCA). The report is available by electronic mail via LISTSERV (RFERL-L@UBVM.CC.BUFFALO.EDU), on the Sovset' computer bulletin board, by fax, and by postal mail. For inquiries about specific news items, subscriptions, or additional copies, please contact: in North America: Mr. Brian Reed, RFE/RL, Inc., 1201 Connecticut Avenue NW, Washington, DC-20036 Telephone: (202) 457-6912 or -6907; Fax: (202) 457-6992 or 828-8783; Internet: RIDC@RFERL.ORG or Elsewhere: Ms. Helga Hofer, Publications Department, RFE/RL Research Institute, Oettingenstrasse 67, 8000 Munich 22, Germany;.Telephone: (+49 89) 2102-2631 or -2624; Fax: (+49 89) 2102-2648, Internet: PD@RFERL.ORG 1993, RFE/RL, Inc. All rights reserved.
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