|What the sick man likes to eat is his medicine. - Russian Proverb|
No. 43, 04 March 1993
RUSSIA SECURITY COUNCIL MEETS. The Russian Security Council met under the chairmanship of President Boris Yeltsin, ITAR-TASS reported on 3 March, to discuss the basic principles of the country's new foreign policy concept which had been prepared not by the Foreign Ministry but by the Foreign Policy Commission of the Security Council chaired by the Council's secretary, Yurii Skokov. The concept will be presented to the parliament as the basis for foreign policy as implemented by the executive branch of power. The Security Council also debated the basic concepts of Russia's military doctrine, and discussed Cossack organizations' demands for more autonomy. Alexander Rahr . . . FOREIGN POLICY SHIFTS. The fact that the task of drafting a foreign policy concept was taken away from Russian Foreign Minister Andrei Kozyrev and handed to the Russian Security Council adds more evidence to the view that Kozyrev is playing an increasingly decorative role in the making of Russian foreign policy. Since the creation of the Security Council's Foreign Policy Commission in December, Russia's foreign policy has shifted toward significantly tougher and more assertive stances. -Suzanne Crow YELTSIN MEETS WITH GENERALS. Following the convening of the Russian Security Council, Boris Yeltsin met with commanders of Russia's military districts, fleets, and service branches. According to an Izvestiya report (summarized by Reuters), the military leadership urged Yeltsin to take resolute action to end the political crisis currently paralyzing the country. While some Western reports suggested that the generals had thrown their support behind Yeltsin in his increasingly acrimonious battle with the legislature, Izvestiya reported that Grachev again reiterated his determination to keep the army out of politics. Russian TV reported that Yeltsin had met with the generals as a natural follow-up to the discussion on military doctrine during the Security Council meeting. According to the same report, Grachev went out of his way to deny rumors that the generals' arrival in Moscow signaled incipient plans for a coup. -Stephen Foye RUSSIA FORMALLY REQUESTS PEACEKEEPING ROLE. On 3 March the Russian delegation at the UN formally submitted a document describing Russia's role in peacekeeping operations in the CIS, ITAR-TASS reported. This document was presented by Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov in support of Boris Yeltsin's statement to the Civic Union forum on 28-February that "the time has come for distinguished international organizations, including the United Nations, to grant Russia special powers as a guarantor of peace and stability in regions of the former USSR." The document took pains to note similarities between Russian operations and UN operations, but it failed to treat the problem of ensuring Russian impartiality as a peacekeeper. -Suzanne Crow . . . FOREIGN MINISTRY RESPONDS TO COMPLAINTS OF IMPERIALISM. The Russian Foreign Ministry responded on 3 March to complaints by Ukraine about Boris Yeltsin's February 28 proposal for Russia to obtain "special powers" as a peacekeeping force in the CIS, ITAR-TASS reported. To claim that Yeltsin's statement was evidence of "neo-imperialism" "could not be farther from the truth," the ministry representative said. The diplomat went on to say that Russia's peacekeeping operations were aimed at supporting peace in specific regions of the former Union and only with the support of concerned parties. -Suzanne Crow GRACHEV DENIES ARMS SUPPLIES TO SERBS AND CROATS. Defense Minister Pavel Grachev on 3 March denied that Russia was supplying arms to either Serbia or Croatia, ITAR-TASS reported. He also said that Moscow had no plans to do so in the future, and that the issue has been discussed by neither the government nor the Security Council. His remarks were in response to a report that appeared in The Times on 2 March. -Stephen Foye YELTSIN QUESTIONS CONSTITUTION. Sergei Yushenkov, co-leader of the pro-Yeltsin bloc Democratic Choice, told the Ekho Moskvy radio station on 2-March that if hardliners, led by deputy Vladimir Isakov, succeed in further altering the existing constitution at the forthcoming Congress, President Yeltsin will no longer feel under an obligation to obey the constitution. Presidential spokesman Vyacheslav Kostikov indicated that Yeltsin will proclaim emergency rule if Russia faces the imminent danger of a fascist dictatorship. The co-leader of the Democratic Russia Movement, Lev Ponomarev, said that the centrist Civic Union bloc is the "natural partner" of the liberals, but added that it was premature to speak of a coalition between democrats and centrists. -Alexander Rahr YELTSIN LEGAL AIDE ON REFERENDUM. The deputy head of the President's State-Legal Department, Anatolii Sliva, said on 3 March at a press conference reported by ITAR-TASS that the Congress of People's Deputies was not legally entitled to cancel or delay the referendum on the principles of a new Russian Constitution scheduled for 11 April, or to replace it by another form of plebiscite. Moreover, if the parliament failed to decide on the draft text of the basic principles of the constitution, said Sliva, the President and the Constitutional Court would be within their rights to finalize the text. Sliva suggested that Yeltsin's remarks of 2 March concerning the possibility that he would himself call a referendum if it were banned by the Congress were not legally binding and "possibly rather emotional." The parliament is scheduled to meet today to decide whether to convene an extraordinary session of the Congress to discuss the future constitution. -Wendy Slater YELTSIN MEETS WOMEN'S REPRESENTATIVES. Yeltsin held a reception for female politicians and the representatives of women's organizations to mark International Women's Day on 8 March, ITAR-TASS reported on 3 March. The President appealed to Russian women to use their influence to lower tensions in society. He said he hoped to reach an agreement with the parliament and added that he would prefer not to use the "extreme methods" which he had mentioned during his recent meeting with the Democratic Choice bloc to solve the political crisis. Yeltsin warned of the danger of the collapse of the Russian Federation into 50-60 mini-states "which would fight each other over the next hundred years." He also said he believed that economic stabilization will be achieved this year. -Alexander Rahr ADVISORY TV SUPERVISION COUNCIL PROPOSED. The chairman of the Ostankino broadcasting company, Vyacheslav Bragin, has proposed creating a public advisory body to supervise the company. Speaking on 3 March at a Moscow conference on the media, Bragin was quoted by the Russian media as saying that the main Russian political groups-the Civic Union, the Russian Unity parliamentary faction, the New Russia and Democratic Choice blocs, independent trade unions and professional associations-should be represented on the council. The council, which could also include Ostankino management and prominent journalists, should champion political pluralism in the company's information policy, the chairman argued. Bragin said that attempts to set up a body under the Russian parliament to monitor Russian TV broadcasting were a threat to freedom of creativity. Last week, Ostankino was at the center of controversy, when Bragin's deputy, Igor Malashenko, resigned in protest at the alleged domination of the company by Democratic Russia. -Vera Tolz ZIL TO BE PRIVATIZED. ZIL, the industrial conglomerate with up to 130,000 employees at 17 sites across Russia, is to be privatized, the Financial Times reported on 4 March. One million shares with a face value of 1,000 rubles each will be offered for sale at 100 auction centers. The firm is most famous for its massive limousines, hand-made at a rate of 2-3 a year, but it also produces heavy trucks and refrigerators. The shares offered to the public represent 35% of the share value of the company; 40% will go to the workforce and management; and 25% will be retained by the state for later sale. -Keith Bush TRANSCAUCASIA AND CENTRAL ASIA SHEVARDNADZE VISITS SUKHUMI. Georgian parliament chairman Eduard Shevardnadze flew to the Abkhaz capital of Sukhumi on 3 March to assess the capability of the Georgian troops in the region, ITAR-TASS reported. Shevardnadze denied rumors that Georgia was preparing to abandon Sukhumi to the Abkhaz forces, affirming that additional Georgian troops were being deployed to counter a possible Abkhaz assault. Shevardnadze said he was prepared to meet with the Abkhaz leadership for talks. In an interview published in Stolitsa (no. 8), Abkhaz parliament chairman Vladislav Ardzinba accused Georgia of conducting a policy of genocide in Abkhazia and reiterated that Abkhazia merely wants a federal treaty with Georgia similar to that concluded between Russia and its autonomous formations. -Liz Fuller OPINION POLL SHOWS DASHNAKS TO BE MOST POPULAR PARTY IN ARMENIA. The Armenian Revolutionary Federation (Dashnaktsyutyun) is currently the most popular political party in Armenia and enjoys the support of 20% of the population, according to an opinion poll cited in Rossiiskaya gazeta of 3 March. The party's leader, Vatan Oganesyan, is quoted as saying that the Dashnak version of socialism does not preclude private ownership, but that caution is needed in implementing economic reforms in war conditions. Oganesyan further claimed that his party no longer demands the return of Nagorno-Karabakh to Armenia, but supports a CSCE proposal to hold a referendum in the case of disputed territory, the results of which would be binding for the states concerned. -Liz Fuller PEACEKEEPERS FROM KYRGYZSTAN ARRIVE IN TAJIKISTAN. The first battalion of CIS peacekeeping forces has arrived in Tajikistan from Kyrgyzstan in accord with an agreement concluded at the January summit of CIS heads of state, ITAR-TASS reported on 3-March. The peacekeepers from Kyrgyzstan are to be stationed on the Tajik-Afghan border in the Ishkashim Raion of Gorno-Badakhshan, in recent weeks the site of many clashes between CIS border troops and persons attempting to cross into Tajikistan from Afghanistan. Additional peacekeeping troops from Russia and Kazakhstan are to arrive in Tajikistan in the near future to strengthen border defenses in Khatlon Oblast. Border guard reinforcements from Uzbekistan were reported to have arrived a few days earlier. -Bess Brown TAJIK COURT SENTENCES AFGHAN FOR BORDER VIOLATION. Tajikistan's Supreme Court has sentenced a 27 year-old Afghan citizen to five years incarceration in a strict-regime labor camp on a charge of smuggling contraband and repeated illegal crossings of the Tajik-Afghan border, ITAR-TASS reported on 3 March. The young man was arrested while assisting a group of Tajiks to return to Tajikistan with weapons acquired in Afghanistan. There have been several reports of Afghans having been arrested in Tajikistan on similar missions, but this has been the first well-publicized trial of one of them. A number of Afghan citizens are reported to be fighting alongside anti-government forces in Garm Raion, an opposition stronghold east of Dushanbe. -Bess Brown CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE CONDEMNATION OF SERBIAN "MASSACRE" IN BOSNIA. Major American dailies on 4 March report that Serbian paramilitary units continued an intense campaign of ethnic cleansing near Cerska in eastern Bosnia the previous day. Thousands of refugees are already on the roads, and others are "fighting for their lives." The UN Security Council passed a unanimous resolution condemning the Serbs' behavior and calling on leaders of all three Bosnian factions to reach a negotiated settlement in the current New York negotiations. Both chief UN negotiator Cyrus Vance and UN High Commissioner for Refugees Sadako Ogata called the Serbs' treatment of Muslims a "massacre." Bosnia's UN ambassador Muhamed Sacirbey told the Los Angeles Times that asking the Bosnians to accept some of the responsibility for the problem would be like asking "a battered woman [to be] accused of complicity in her own rape." Meanwhile at the New York talks, Bosnian president Alija Izetbegovic agreed to the terms for a cease-fire once the Bosnians had received assurances that UN troops would take control of Serb heavy weapons. Serbs and Bosnians still have not agreed to the UN plan for the division of Bosnia into 10 autonomous regions. -Patrick Moore US AIRDROPS TO BOSNIA CONTINUE. The Washington Post reports on 4 March that the Clinton administration the previous day criticized Serbian attacks on Muslim areas and made clear that US relief shipments will continue by air. To date there have been four airdrops in as many days, and Secretary of State Warren Christopher said that they "will be continuing in light of overnight events. We've had disturbing reports today of continuing fighting in eastern Bosnia, refugees streaming down the roads." President Bill Clinton noted: "we're continuing the airdrop plan. This phase of it is going forward just as planned." The paper also quotes an unnamed senior military officer as saying that "the Serbs are redoubling their effort" at blocking overland relief work. -Patrick Moore SERBS THREATEN NEW DANUBE BLOCKADE. The Serbian maritime trade union is threatening to block the Danube again, beginning 10 March. The union said it has lifted the blockade to allow time for negotiations with the Romanian authorities on free navigation on the Danube. On 3 March Radio Bucharest quoted a spokesman for the union, who said a renewed blockade would last "until the question has been settled." -Michael Shafir MACEDONIAN CHIEF OF GENERAL STAFF FIRED. Gen. Mitre Arsovski was removed on 3 March and replaced by Adm. Dragoljub Botsinov, head of the Macedonian Military Academy, MILS reports. Arsovski was fired in a disagreement with the government of the Republic of Macedonia over control of military and security forces. The government favors civilian control; Arsovski does not. -Duncan Perry SUCHOCKA CRITICIZES EUROPEAN "ISOLATIONISM." Polish Prime Minister Hanna Suchocka met with her British counterpart, John Major, on 3 March, during the second day of her official visit to Britain. Major told a press conference after the meeting that his country supports Poland's efforts to join the EC. He cautioned that full membership is several years away, however. Suchocka told reporters that Major has agreed to let Poland use Britain's share in the $1 billion "stabilization fund" to restructure Poland's deeply-indebted banking system. In an evening address to the Royal Institute for International Affairs, Suchocka accused Europe of "post-Cold War isolationism" and criticized the EC for its "lukewarm response" to Eastern European aspirations. She called for better access to EC markets along with a genuine EC commitment to free trade, Western agencies report. Suchocka's three-day visit concludes on 4 March, after meetings with business leaders designed to promote investment. -Louisa Vinton CLINTON AND YELTSIN TO MEET IN WARSAW? POLISH PRESIDENT LECH WALESA TELEPHONED US PRESIDENT BILL CLINTON LATE ON 3 MARCH, PAP REPORTS. Walesa's press office announced that the two presidents discussed the changes underway in East Central Europe. Clinton reportedly praised Poland's progress so far. Clinton's meeting with Russian President Boris Yeltsin, scheduled for 4 April at an as yet undetermined location, was also a topic for discussion. The Polish president's press spokesman would neither confirm nor deny an RFE/RL report that Walesa had proposed Warsaw as a suitable site. Earlier in the day, Walesa was hospitalized briefly for tests after experiencing faintness, which a spokesman attributed to fatigue. The president was pronounced healthy. -Louisa Vinton MECIAR ANNOUNCES END OF KLAUS REFORMS IN SLOVAKIA. At a meeting of the ruling Movement for a Democratic Slovakia marking the second anniversary of the party's foundation on 3 March 1991, Prime Minister Vladimir Meciar acknowledged that Slovakia is abandoning some principles of the economic reforms initiated under the former Czechoslovak governments. According to Slovak Radio, Meciar said that the reforms designed by former Czechoslovak Finance Minister and current Czech Prime Minister Vaclav Klaus had brought a 30% economic decline for Slovakia. Meciar said that his government intends to strengthen political stability and prevent a further worsening of social conditions in Slovakia by a set of "active measures," including import limitations. He added that he is opposed to a devaluation of the Slovak currency. This view was supported at the meeting by Finance Minister Julius Toth who, apparently referring to recent demands by the IMF, said that "Slovakia will have enough money and no one will advise it to devalue its currency." -Jan Obrman CONFUSION ABOUT KNAZKO'S DISMISSAL. There have been conflicting reports concerning the widely-expected dismissal of Slovak Foreign Minister Milan Knazko. While Knazko himself repeatedly informed the media that Prime Minister Meciar would propose his ouster to new President Michal Kovac on 3 March, TA SR carried a statement by Meciar on 3 March in which he claimed that he has not submitted any such proposal. Meanwhile, more officials have indicated their support for the foreign minister. After President Kovac publicly praised Knazko's work on 1 March, Ivan Laluha, the chairman of the foreign policy committee of the Slovak parliament, which is currently evaluating the work of the Foreign Ministry, told press agencies on 3 March that so far he cannot find any shortcomings in the ministry's work that would justify Knazko's dismissal. Knazko warned that the tensions between him and Meciar could lead to a split of the Movement for a Democratic Slovakia, CTK reported. -Jan Obrman WAS IMRE NAGY A KGB AGENT? IN AN INTERVIEW IN THE 1 MARCH ISSUE OF THE SOCIALIST DAILY NEPSZABADSAG, FORMER HUNGARIAN COMMUNIST PARTY LEADER KAROLY GROSZ CONFIRMED THE CONTENTS OF A RECENT INTERVIEW IN THE 27-FEBRUARY ISSUE OF THE TURIN PAPER LA STAMPA. According to Grosz, as a result of a request made in spring 1989 to Soviet party leader Mikhail Gorbachev, KGB chief Vladimir Kryuchkov sent photocopies of documents indicating that Imre Nagy, then a political exile in the Soviet Union, offered his services to the KGB in 1930 and was accepted in 1933; he subsequently denounced 30 to 35 Hungarian and about 70 German communists. Grosz, after verifying the authenticity of the photocopies, informed his party's stunned political and central committees, which took note of his recommendation not to publish the documents to avoid making a political campaign out of the issue. A close Nagy associate, the deputy Miklos Vasarhelyi, told Radio Budapest on 1 March that he sees behind the revelations an manipulative attempt by Kryuchkov to discredit Russian President Boris Yeltsin, who put a wreath on Nagy's grave during his November 1992 visit to Budapest. Several recent Russian writings about Nagy seem to indicate that the KGB file was put together following the news of his planned rehabilitation and reburial in 1989. -Alfred Reisch HUNGARY'S TRADE WITH POLAND AND THE CZECH AND SLOVAK REPUBLICS. As a result of the free trade agreement between Hungary, Poland, and the Czech and Slovak Republics that came into force on 1 March, customs duties and quantitative limits will be gradually reduced over eight years for industrial goods and five years for agricultural products, MTI reports on 2 March. According to Acting State Secretary for International Economic Relations Lajos Berenyi, 60% of Hungarian industrial exports to Poland and 54% to the Czech Republic and Slovakia will become duty-free, together with 45% of Hungary's imports from those countries, with quantitative limits on agricultural products remaining in force. Hungary's total trade with Poland and Czechoslovakia amounted in 1992 to nearly $800 million and over $300 million respectively, with the latter amount equally divided between the Czech and Slovak Republics; compared to 1991, this represented in Czechoslovakia's case a 50% increase and a considerable drop in the case of Poland. -Alfred Reisch BULGARIA THREATENS TO SUSPEND INTEREST PAYMENTS. Upon returning from talks with creditor banks in Frankfurt, Bulgarian Finance Minister Stoyan Aleksandrov said his country may stop paying interest unless there is significant progress in negotiations on the $10-billion commercial debt, Reuters and BTA report. Having canceled all payments on 29 March 1990, Bulgaria began to honor part of its obligations last fall. Aleksandrov told journalists in Sofia that he has asked creditors to accept an annual $200-million payments ceiling until the year 2000, in view of the country's deep economic crisis. Until the next round of talks-to be held on 5 April-Bulgaria is to prepare a more coherent proposal. Aleksandrov, who has requested that experts from the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank be present at the talks, said Bulgaria will keep to its "firm line." -Kjell Engelbrekt OPPOSITION RALLIES AGAINST BULGARIAN GOVERNMENT. On 3 March, Bulgaria's National Day, some 20,000 sympathizers of the opposition Union of Democratic Forces gathered in Sofia to protest against the government, Western and Bulgarian agencies report. As UDF leaders read out a declaration accusing the cabinet, led by unaffiliated economist Lyuben Berov, of supporting restoration of communism, crowds chanted "Resignation!" and "New Elections!" UDF Chairman and former Prime Minister Filip Dimitrov also addressed the meeting. -Kjell Engelbrekt ROMANIA RAISES WAGES, BUT LABOR UNREST GROWS. The government announced on 3 March that it has increased average monthly wages in the state sector by 9.1%. This represents half of the predicted price increase in the first quarter of 1993. Inflation runs at about 200%, and the government says it intends to cut it to 80%. More price increases are expected in May, when the last subsidies on foodstuff and services will be lifted, and in July, when a value-added tax is to be introduced. Prime Minister Nicolae Vacaroiu will present the proposed economic reform to parliament on 4-March. Against this background, labor unrest is growing. Hydroelectric workers demonstrated in Bucharest on 3-March to demand wage paybacks and government investments in their industry. They met with government officials. Radio Bucharest said President Iliescu participated in the demonstration on the workers' side and expressed support for their demands. The leaders of the Alfa trade union confederation, one of Romania's largest, said on 3 March that negotiations with the government had failed. Radio Bucharest quoted the union's spokesman as saying a warning strike is scheduled for 8 March, but a general strike may be declared, which might lead to a "government reshuffle, and even the anticipated elections." The spokesman said "some forces might even take advantage in order to stage a coup d'etat." -Michael Shafir MOLDOVAN PRESIDENT, ROMANIAN INTELLIGENCE CHIEF MEND FENCES. Mircea Snegur received Romanian Intelligence Service (SRI) chief Virgil Magureanu in Chisinau on 3 March. They reaffirmed the principle of noninterference in the internal affairs of other states, a Moldovan communique said. Moldova's Presidential Office told the RFE/RL Research Institute that Magureanu requested the meeting in order to rebut recent allegations in Russian-language media that SRI is recruiting and training Moldovans, including Popular Front members, for violent actions against the Moldovan government with a view to forcing Moldovan-Romanian unification. On 2 March the Romanian government, SRI, and Moldovan Popular Front in separate statements rejected the allegations. Snegur has several times recently expressed concern that Moldovan pro-unification militants may be preparing a coup. The Moldovan government has also protested officially against Magureanu's own statement, quoted by the Romanian press, that SRI is working to bring about Romanian-Moldovan unification. -Vladimir Socor NO PROGRESS IN STRATEGIC ARMS TALKS. Russian Defense Minister Pavel Grachev said on 3-March that Russian-Ukrainian negotiations near Moscow on strategic arms have yielded no breakthroughs, ITAR-TASS reports. Grachev accused Ukrainian leaders of claiming ownership of strategic weapons located in Ukraine. He also threatened to issue an official statement that would reportedly accuse Ukraine of failing to maintain the weapons properly and underline Moscow's unwillingness to assume further responsibility for their safety. Ukrainian officials haev said on 3-March that Russian-Ukrainian negotiations near Moscow on strategic arms have yielded no breakthroughs, ITAR-TASS reports. Grachev accused Ukrainian leaders of claiming ownership of strategic weapons located in Ukraine. He also threatened to issue an official statement that would reportedly accuse Ukraine of failing to maintain the weapons properly and underline Moscow's unwillingness to assume further responsibility for their safety. Ukrainian officials have said that Moscow is responsible for the impasse in negotiations. -Stephen Foyevices [of the two countries] have united." Stephen Foye LITHUANIA AND THE "MINI-OPEC" AGREEMENT. Contrary to reports in the Russian media [and as reported in RFE/RL Daily Report yesterday], Lithuanian delegation head Albertas Sinevicius said that his country did not sign the agreement on the formation of an intergovernmental council on oil and gas on 2 March in Surgut and participated there only as observers, the RFE/RL Lithuanian Service reports. Opposition leader Vytautas Landsbergis suggested that the Seimas should reject joining the council, the purpose of which is to restore Russia's coordinating role in the oil and gas industry, since it would run counter to Lithuania's decision not to join any post-Soviet alliances. He said that even participation as an observer would be harmful since it would be a breach of Baltic States' unity. The head of the Lithuanian Democratic Labor Party faction in the Seimas, Justinas Karosas, said that Lithuania could sign it since it is only an economic agreement and not a political alliance. -Saulius Girnius GERMANY DONATES MILITARY AIRPLANES TO LITHUANIA. On 3 March two 10-year old L-410 type military transport planes donated by the Bundeswehr arrived in Vilnius, Radio Lithuania reports. The craft can carry 15 passengers or 1.5 tons of cargo, have a maximum speed of 330 km/h, and can fly 1,000 km with a ton of fuel. They will be based at the Russian military airport in Siauliai, which is scheduled to be handed over to Lithuania on 1 June. -Saulius Girnius RUSSIAN OFFICERS STILL COME TO SERVE IN LATVIA. Radio Riga reported on 2 March that Russian army officers are still being dispatched for service in Latvia, despite agreements that Russian military forces are to be withdrawn. Already in March the Latvian border guards have stopped a dozen officers and ordered them to take the return train to Russia; some officers fled the border guard post leaving their assignment papers behind. Radio Riga also reports that a formal request has been received from the leadership of Russia's Northwestern Group of Forces to bring into Latvia an additional 1561 military specialists in order to facilitate the withdrawal of Russian troops and military equipment from Latvia. -Dzintra Bungs LATVIAN PARLIAMENT RATIFIES EC LOAN. On 3-March the Supreme Council ratified the loan agreement between Latvia and the European Community that was signed in Brussels on 8 January. Latvia will now be able to borrow 80 million ecus with a seven-year recovery deadline. The loan will be used to finance imports of raw materials, power resources, equipment, and technology for industry, BNS reported on 3 March. -Dzintra Bungs [As of 1200 CET] Compiled by Wendy Slater and Charles Trumbull THE RFE/RL DAILY REPORT IS PRODUCED BY THE RFE/RL RESEARCH INSTITUTE (A DIVISION OF RADIO FREE EUROPE/RADIO LIBERTY, INC.) with the assistance of the RFE/RL News and Current Affairs Division (NCA). The report is available by electronic mail via LISTSERV (RFERL-L@UBVM.CC.BUFFALO.EDU), on the Sovset' computer bulletin board, by fax, and by postal mail. For inquiries about specific news items, subscriptions, or additional copies, please contact: in North America: Mr. Brian Reed, RFE/RL, Inc., 1201 Connecticut Avenue NW, Washington, DC-20036 Telephone: (202) 457-6912 or -6907; Fax: (202) 457-6992 or 828-8783; Internet: RIDC@RFERL.ORG or Elsewhere: Ms. Helga Hofer, Publications Department, RFE/RL Research Institute, Oettingenstrasse 67, 8000 Munich 22, Germany;.Telephone: (+49 89) 2102-2631 or -2624; Fax: (+49 89) 2102-2648, Internet: PD@RFERL.ORG 1993, RFE/RL, Inc. All rights reserved.
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