|The salvation of mankind lies only in making everything the concern of all. - Alexander Solzhenitsyn|
No. 42, 03 March 1993
Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, Inc. RUSSIA YELTSIN AND KHASBULATOV ON EMERGENCY RULE. President Boris Yeltsin indicated in a speech to a meeting of his supporters in the Democratic Choice coalition that he does not feel obliged to obey the current Russian Constitution because it has been so radically changed since he swore his oath on it in 1991, Izvestiya reported on 3 March. Yeltsin stated that if the Congress of People's Deputies, which is scheduled to meet on 10 March, rejects his proposal on a constitutional agreement, he may conduct his own referendum without asking permission from the parliament. Yeltsin did not elaborate on how he would organize such a referendum. He also hinted that he may take more extreme action such as introducing emergency rule in Russia if the confrontation with parliament continues. Meanwhile, the parliament's Presidium, chaired by Ruslan Khasbulatov, has adopted a motion laying out the procedure for parliament to declare emergency rule and strip the president of all effective powers, the Financial Times reported on 3 March. The move may have been in reaction to Yeltsin's hint about introducing presidential rule. Alexander Rahr RUSSIA TO AID IN BOSNIA AIRDROPS. The Russian Foreign Ministry announced on 2-March that Russia will participate in the dropping of humanitarian aid to Bosnia-Herzegovina. "The talks are not going smoothly, and for their success it is necessary to create a favorable political context, above all on the territory of former Yugoslavia itself," the Foreign Ministry said. In an effort to alleviate some of the suffering, Russia "will make its contribution" to the airdrops currently being undertaken by the USA, ITAR-TASS reported. Washington has said that it "warmly welcomes" this move on Moscow's part. Meanwhile, The Times on 2 March carried the latest in a series of reports that Russia had surreptitiously supplied arms to Serbia. The Russian Foreign Ministry had denied earlier such reports on 1-March, and US officials said that they had no information on a Russian violation of the arms embargo, ITAR-TASS reported on 1 and 2 March. Suzanne Crow START-2 TREATY CRITICIZED, DEFENDED, IN RUSSIAN PARLIAMENT. Russian Foreign Minister Andrei Kozyrev defended the START-2 treaty against attacks from conservative deputies during a parliamentary hearing on 2 March, according to Reuters and other Western news reports. Critics of the treaty, including Maj. Gen. Boris Tarasov, Iona Andronov, and Nikolai Pavlov, claimed that the treaty was unfair and would give the US nuclear superiority over Russia. Kozyrev and Chief of the General Staff Mikhail Kolesnikov defended the treaty, noting that it would still provide a strong nuclear deterrent, while encouraging other states (such as Ukraine) to eliminate their nuclear capabilities. Kozyrev also claimed that Russia needed to reduce its forces for financial reasons and warned that rejection of the treaty would trigger a new confrontation with the USA. The hearings marked the start of a treaty ratification process that is expected to last approximately two months. -John Lepingwell YELTSIN SUGGESTS COOPERATION WITH COMMUNISTS. In an interview published in the 2 March issue of Pravda, President Yeltsin said that his appearance at the 28 February forum of the Civic Union centrist opposition proved that he was "seriously reassessing the role of Civic Union" and was prepared for dialogue "since it [Civic Union] unites important political forces." He also confirmed his willingness to meet with all political groups in Russia "except fascist-oriented ones." The communist movement, according to Yeltsin, was divided between fundamentalists, and moderates whom he described as "more sober, with more common sense." He envisaged the moderate communists as possibly joining the Civic Union. Provided that they did not hinder reform, "especially in the localities," Yeltsin said, "we must respect the communists, as any other party or social movement." -Wendy Slater "MINI-OPEC" ESTABLISHED. In Surgut on 2 March, representatives from 12 former Soviet republics signed an agreement on the formation of an intergovernmental council on oil and gas, Reuters reported. Latvia and Turkmenistan were not represented, and the Estonian delegation bore only observer status. What Kazakh Prime Minister Sergei Tereshchenko described as a "mini-OPEC" has the basic goal of ensuring adequate production and supplies among its members, but will not seek to influence world markets. The agreement provides for three institutional levels of cooperation: a council of heads of government on oil and gas; a similar ministerial structure; and a permanent secretariat to be located in Tyumen. No multilateral agreement was reached on prices, nor did the Russian and Ukrainian delegations resolve their dispute over the price of Russian gas supplies. -Keith Bush GRACHEV ON ARMY, GEORGIA. Speaking to reporters on 2 March, Defense Minister Pavel Grachev once again criticized nationalist groups for trying to involve the army in political struggles. Grachev, who said that the army remains "the last guarantor of stability" in Russia, also denied that he faced significant opposition within the army itself or that he would soon be replaced as Defense Minister. While Grachev has consistently been criticized by liberals for allegedly dragging his feet on military reform, more recently he has faced even harsher criticism from militant nationalists. Their primary complaint appears to involve Grachev's oft-stated support for Boris Yeltsin. At the same news conference, reported by ITAR-TASS and Russian TV, Grachev criticized Georgian President Eduard Shevardnadze for his allegations that a recent trip by Grachev to the North Caucasus had had a destabilizing effect. He said that Shevardnadze had been informed of the trip twenty-four hours in advance. Stephen Foye RUSSIA TO PUNISH RECRUITMENT OF MERCENARIES? ON 1 MARCH, RUSSIAN TV NEWSCASTS REPORTED, THE PRESIDIUM OF THE RUSSIAN PARLIAMENT APPROVED A DRAFT LAW ON MERCENARIES AND SENT IT FOR SCRUTINY TO THE PARLIAMENTARY COMMISSIONS AND COMMITTEES. The draft suggests including in the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation a provision banning the recruitment, arming, financing, training, and hiring of mercenaries. Such offenses would be punishable with up to ten years imprisonment. The draft was submitted to the parliament by the Russian Prosecutor-General Valentin Stepankov, who told the Ostankino TV program "Itogi" on 28 February that the new law will cover the recruitment of Russian hirelings both for armed conflicts in the former Soviet Union's republics and for wars outside the former USSR, such as that in the former Yugoslavia. Julia Wishnevsky RUSSIAN ARMS EXPORTS TO CHINA. Quoting unnamed diplomatic sources, Hong Kong's South China Morning Post reported on 3 March that Peking had purchased at least 100 S-300 air defense complexes and that installation of the system's missile launchers had already begun. The report said that the Chinese armed forces are also trying to purchase other sophisticated missile systems from Russia, including an AWACS air-borne early warning air defense system. They were also said to be eager either to purchase, or to acquire licensing for the production of Su-27 and Su-27K fighter aircraft. Russia is reported to be conducting vigorous training programs for Chinese flyers. The newspaper said that China had given up the idea of buying an aircraft carrier from either Russia or Ukraine, and that it was considering instead the idea of producing its own. China's accelerated arms acquisition program is part of a broader arms race that is beginning to take shape in the Asia-Pacific region. -Stephen Foye PROTECTION FOR FOREIGN INVESTMENT. President Yeltsin has signed a decree "On the Creation of an International Agency for Insuring Foreign Investments in the Russian Federation Against Noncommercial Risks," ITAR-TASS reported on 2 March. Vice-President Aleksandr Shokhin will head the agency. -Keith Bush RUBLE FALLS SHARPLY. At the 2 March session of the Moscow Interbank Currency Exchange, the ruble fell to 649 rubles to the dollar, against 593 rubles at the last trading on 25-February, despite heavy intervention by the Russian Central Bank (RCB). Volume of trade reached a record $92.5 million. Biznes-TASS attributed the precipitous drop to reports that the RCB was considering the reimposition of a fixed exchange rate. Other sources pointed to the continuing high rate of inflation and to political instability in Russia. -Keith Bush TRANSCAUCASIA AND CENTRAL ASIA PROGRESS IN CSCE KARABAKH TALKS. A formal Karabakh peace conference could be convened in Minsk as early as August 1993, the deputy chairman of the CSCE-sponsored preparatory peace talks in Rome told Reuters on 2 March. Tentative agreement was reached during the final round of talks on 2 March on a document calling on all sides in the conflict to desist from further hostilities. The plan is to be ratified by the CSCE Council of Senior Officials, which is scheduled to meet in Prague in April, after which international observers are to enforce a ceasefire in the area and supervise the return of refugees, the withdrawal of "foreign troops," and the disarming of "armed bandits." -Liz Fuller RUSSIAN-GEORGIAN TALKS ON ABKHAZ CEASEFIRE. Four days of talks in Moscow between Russian and Georgian Foreign Ministry officials resulted in an agreement on the need for a political solution to the Abkhaz conflict, according to a statement released by the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs quoted by ITAR-TASS on 2 March. Georgia has agreed to a Russian proposal for a ceasefire in the Gumista River area in order to make possible the evacuation of the seismic monitoring station and Russian military facilities in Eshera. Liz Fuller AGRICULTURE MINISTER FIRED IN KYRGYZSTAN. Kyrgyzstan's President Askar Akaev has fired his Minister of Agriculture, Karypbek Asanov, Western and Russian news agencies reported on 2 March, quoting Kyrgyz journalists. Radio Moscow said that Akaev had accused the ministry of sabotaging agricultural reform and endangering the spring sowing campaign. Agricultural production, still the most important branch of Kyrgyzstan's economy, declined sharply in 1992 and the government has made it a top priority to stop the downward slide. The reports did not make clear whether Asanov opposed Akaev's privatization plans for agriculture. Bess Brown CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE CERSKA FALLS TO SERBS. International media on 2-March reported that Cerska, the Bosnian enclave that received the initial US relief air drops, has fallen to Serbian forces. The 3 March New York Times quotes a UN spokeswoman as saying that local ham radio operators told of Serb soldiers' "plundering and killing, burning," adding that refugees have taken to the roads. The Los Angeles Times calls the Serb offensive "a blatant snub of Clinton," and the BBC said it shows the Serbs' determination to press ahead with their strategic plans regardless of world opinion. Bosnian president Alija Izetbegovic called the offensive "incompatible" with the ongoing peace talks, while negotiators Cyrus Vance and Lord Owen said that they "strongly deplored" the Serbs' conduct. -Patrick Moore NEW WAVE OF ETHNIC CLEANSING UNDER WAY. On 2 March Reuters and the BBC said that Serbian forces in northern and central Bosnia are stepping up the expulsion of non-Serbs, primarily Muslims, from areas under Serbian control. This is apparently part of a process of consolidating territorial holdings in which all sides are engaged, but is most pronounced in the case of the Serbs, who control 70% of the republic's land area. The BBC mentioned the expulsion of thousands in the Banja Luka area, while Reuters said that Glamoc and Mrkonjic Grad have also been targeted. Patrick Moore SERBIAN TROOP MOVEMENTS IN KOSOVO. On 2-March Radio Croatia reported significant movements of federal Serbian troops along the Kosovo-Albanian border and within the predominantly Albanian-populated Serbian province itself. According to a statement by the Democratic League, Kosovo's main party, a large number of tanks and infantry left their barracks in Kosovska Mitrovica and Slatina and positioned themselves on the outskirts of several towns mainly inhabited by Albanians. Some army reserve units were reported to have harassed civilians. Meanwhile, on 2-March Albania denied reports from Belgrade that it is making military preparations to defend Kosovo's Albanians, but did not rule out future intervention, according to Reuters. In an attempt to refute Belgrade's charges, Albanian President Sali Berisha invited international reporters to tour military and border installations. -Milan Andrejevich SERBIA ENDS DANUBE BLOCKADE. On the evening of 2 March Serbian vessels suddenly ended their blockade of the Danube, Western agencies report. For eight days no ships had been allowed to pass west of the Romanian-controlled Iron Gates lock. Protesting against the Romanian policy only to let through vessels without cargo in accordance with the UN embargo, the Serbs had been demanding the right to move freely between Serbian ports. The blockade ended as Romania formally sought UN Security Council support to help end the Serb action. Hungary, which had several ships blocked on the river, also asked the Security Council for help. Bulgaria branded the Serb blockade on 2 March as "unlawful and irresponsible." Michael Shafir and Kjell Engelbrekt NEW FEDERAL YUGOSLAV GOVERNMENT TAKES SHAPE. Radio Serbia reports on 2-March that the rump Yugoslav Federal Assembly elected Montenegrin Radoje Kontic as Prime Minister. Kontic previously served as deputy prime minister in Milan Panic's government. Key ministers elected are Pavle Bulatovic, a Montenegrin, as defense minister, Vladislav Jovanovic, a Serb, as foreign minister, and Djordje Blagojevic, a Serb, as interior minister. Jovanovic served as Serbian foreign minister and federal foreign minister. The remaining cabinet members are expected to be elected on 3-March. The election of the new federal government has been delayed for nearly six weeks because of Montenegrin demands for equal representation in the government. -Milan Andrejevich KOVAC INAUGURATED AS SLOVAK PRESIDENT. Michal Kovac, who was elected the President of Slovakia on 15 February, was sworn in on 2 March. The inauguration ceremonies were attended by Hungarian President Arpad Goncz, Polish President Lech Walesa, Austrian President Thomas Klestil, and Czech President Vaclav Havel. Ukrainian President Leonid Kravchuk was unable to attend but congratulated Kovac in a telegram. Slovak media report that in his inauguration address Kovac said that Slovakia is in the second-best position, after the Czech Republic, of all postcommunist countries in Europe. Despite the republic's economy being "sick and crippled," he said, the country has qualified specialists and an able work force. He also said that Slovakia has chosen the road of a "social market economy." Speaking to reporters after his inauguration, Kovac said that he does not share the fears of some Slovak politicians that Hungary would "want to use its armed forces in any other way than described in its military doctrine." Kovac also said that the institutionalization of the Visegrad Group "was inevitable," and that the group should set up its own headquarters and institutions. -Jiri Pehe KOVAC DECLINES TO COMMENT ON KNAZKO. The Slovak president declined to tell reporters in Bratislava on 2 March whether he would comply with Prime Minister Vladimir Meciar's request to recall Foreign Minister Milan Knazko. Knazko, the chief opponent of Meciar in the ruling Movement for a Democratic Slovakia, said on Slovak TV on 1 March that Meciar will try to have him fired on 3 March. Under the constitution, the prime minister cannot recall the foreign minister; he can only propose that the president do it. Meciar called on Knazko to resign at the beginning of February. On 24-February, Kovac praised Knazko and said that any minister who does a good job can rely on his support. Knazko told CTK on 2-March that he does not think that the president would recall him without acquainting himself first with an evaluation of the work of his ministry that is being prepared by the foreign committee of the Slovak parliament. Jiri Pehe HAVEL MEETS MECIAR. Meciar received Czech President Vaclav Havel in Bratislava on 2-March for discussions on the tightening of border controls between the Czech and Slovak Republics. Speaking to reporters after the meeting, Havel said that he told Meciar that his republic's reasons for increasing controls are practical and not political. He also said that such a step must not be unilateral and must be based on a mutual agreement. Havel also informed the journalists that earlier in the day he discussed with the presidents of Austria, Poland, and Hungary cooperation within the Visegrad Quadrangle. Havel argued that the group's activity should reflect the new situation in Central Europe, and that its members should aim at concrete cooperation instead of general political declarations. Jiri Pehe CZECH CONSUMER PRICES UP BY 8.5 PERCENT IN JANUARY. The Czech Statistics Office says consumer prices in the Czech Republic went up by an average of 8.5% over the previous month, CTK reported on 1-March. Prices of food increased by 8.2%, those of nonfood items by 6%, and those of services by 12.7%. Compared to January 1992, the consumer prices in the Czech Republic increased by 21.2%. The price hikes were caused by the introduction of a new tax system in January. Jan Obrman HUNGARY AND VISEGRAD. The Visegrad cooperation scheme has only partially fulfilled its aims but this does not mean it should be terminated, Hungarian Foreign Minister Geza Jeszenszky said in an interview in the 1-March issue of the Prague daily Rude Pravo. He disagreed with Czech Foreign Minister Jozef Zeleniec's view that the Visegrad scheme was created at the initiative of the West and said that while the members' entry into the EC could be coordinated, the demand for admission would not have to be made jointly. Hungarian Minister of International Economic Relations Bela Kadar told Radio Budapest on 1 March that the free trade agreement serves as an incentive for Hungarian and Slovak enterprises and entrepreneurs to expand cooperation as well as an opportunity to show that Hungary and Slovakia are able to work jointly, thereby contributing to the security and political stability of East Central Europe. Alfred Reisch SLOVAK REPLY RE GABCIKOVO. In a letter to the Hungarian foreign ministry, Slovak State Secretary for Foreign Affairs Jan Lisuch has expressed Slovakia's readiness to discuss with Hungary the final text of the joint request to the International Court of Justice at the Hague to take up the matter of the Gabcikovo-Nagymaros hydroelectric project, MTI reports on 2-March. Lisuch wrote that as soon as the official text of the Czech Republic's withdrawal from the project is received, Bratislava and Budapest can set the date of their next meeting. Hungary is still awaiting a reply to the 5-February letter of Prime Minister Jozsef Antall to his Slovak counterpart Vladimir Meciar in which Antall expressed the hope that Slovakia will accept the EC's compromise solution regarding the distribution of the Danube's water between the two countries. Hungarian observers are calling these latest developments foot-dragging on Slovakia's part. -Alfred Reisch HUNGARIAN PARLIAMENT APPROVES SECURITY POLICY CONCEPT. With only one no vote, Hungary's parliament approved the basic principles of Hungary's national security, MTI reported on 2 March. The document, based on a consensus achieved by all six parliamentary parties, ensures a long-term approach that will not be affected by the results of the 1994 general elections. The concept states that Hungary has no "enemy image" and considers as partners all countries respecting the basic principles of international law. Hungary sees its security guaranteed primarily by the attainment of full membership in the EC, NATO, and the Western European Union. It considers the guaranteeing of the rights of Magyar minorities a basic requirement for good relations with its neighbors; in this connection, it rejects any changes of borders by force and any artificial modification of the ethnic make-up of populations. -Alfred Reisch ROMANIAN COURT ORDERS RELEASE OF COMAN. Romania's Supreme Court has ruled that Ion Coman, a military adviser to Nicolae Ceausescu, jailed for 25 years in connection with the death of some 100 people during the 1989 uprising against the former regime in Timisoara, should be temporarily released on health grounds, Western agencies reported on 2-March. The court acted to release him for four months. Coman's lawyer must present new medical data on his health condition by mid-May. -Michael Shafir ROMANIA DENIES INVOLVEMENT IN MOLDOVAN COUP PREPARATIONS. In a message read over Radio Bucharest on 2 March by government spokeswoman Doina Jalea, Bucharest said an article in the Cernauti daily Bucovina on 23 February and carried by ITAR-TASS on 27 February, which alleged Romania is training "professional terrorists" for this and for actions in northern Bukovina and other parts of Ukraine, is an "invention" aimed at undermining not only Romania's relations with Moldova, but also with Russia, Ukraine, and other states. In a separate release, the Romanian Information Service denied involvement in these preparations and said the allegations amount to "disinformation" aimed at breaking the "fragile democratic course" in that country. The RIS added, however, that, "should antiterrorist bases in Romania" be used to train Moldovan citizens, this would occur only as a result of an agreement between the two countries' recognized authorities, and with their knowledge. The RIS also denied information printed by the London weekly Observer that Serb and Russian generals had met in Romania to conclude an agreement on Russian arms delivery to Serbia or Krajina Serbs. Michael Shafir MOLDOVAN PARLIAMENT DEBATES NEW CONSTITUTION. Debate began on 2 March on the draft of a new constitution that will replace the heavily amended basic law inherited from the Soviet period. Parliament is expected to complete the first reading and adopt the document this month, then to submit it to popular debate. The second reading and the adoption of the final version are projected for April, to be followed by a referendum in May. President Mircea Snegur and the parliamentary majority expect the referendum to confirm not only the document itself but also Moldova's choice of independent statehood as distinct from unification with Romania. The draft provides for a semipresidential system of government, but during the debate parliament will likely seek greater powers for itself. -Vladimir Socor SECOND ROUND OF UKRAINIAN-RUSSIAN NUCLEAR NEGOTIATIONS. On 2 March negotiating teams from Russia and Ukraine met near Moscow to discuss issues concerning the maintenance, and eventual removal of nuclear weapons in Ukraine. The Russia delegation was headed by Ambassador at-Large Yurii Dubinin, with Col. Gen. Boris Gromov as the senior military officer on the delegation. According to ITAR-TASS, both Russian Defense Minister Pavel Grachev and CIS Commander Evgenii Shaposhnikov, have been complaining about Ukraine's unconstructive attitude towards the talks, and have been threatening to issue a communique officially criticizing Ukraine's stance. -John Lepingwell RUSSIAN COMMANDER ON FUTURE OF BALTIC FLEET. Claiming that it was "insulting to him" that Russia would soon lose its finest ports on the Baltic Sea, Baltic Fleet Commander Vladimir Egorov nevertheless admitted that it is now expedient to withdraw the fleet from Tallinn, Liepaja, and Riga. Egorov said that in the future the fleet would be based at Baltiisk in Kaliningrad and at Kronstadt, off the coast of St. Petersburg. He disclosed that the fleet will be reduced by 39% and suggested that his primary task involves maintaining the fleet as a fighting force. His comments, published in Krasnaya zvezda on 2 March, were summarized by ITAR-TASS. Stephen Foye POLISH JUSTICE MINISTER STILL UNDER CLOUD. Prime Minister Hanna Suchocka extended the enforced vacation of Justice Minister Zbigniew Dyka by ten days on 1 March, Gazeta Wyborcza reports. Dyka was sent on a month's forced leave on 27 January. The official rationale cited at the time was the "reprehensible" assignment of a prosecutor involved in the political trials of the 1980s to the investigation of charges that President Lech Walesa's closest aide is a secret police agent, but the justice ministry has been criticized for other failings. Citing unofficial sources, both Gazeta Wyborcza and Rzeczpospolita reported on 2 March that the prime minister intends to dismiss Dyka. She apparently put off the decision until after the justice minister's party, the Christian National Union, held its national congress. Meanwhile, another scandal broke in Warsaw with the arrest on 26-February of Wojciech Dobrzynski, the director of the Center Alliance's parliamentary office, on charges of soliciting a 1.5-billion-zloty ($96,000) bribe from a gasoline-importing firm. -Louisa Vinton BANK OF LITHUANIA CHAIRMAN RESIGNS. On 2-March Vilius Baldisis submitted his resignation to President Algirdas Brazauskas, Radio Lithuania reports. The resignation must be accepted by the parliament, which has more than once failed to pass no-confidence votes against him. Dissatisfaction with Baldisis had been based on delays in introducing the republic's currency, the litas, and his changing of the conditions of their printing in 1992 without the approval of the government. He denied all the charges made against him and said that he would be willing to work at some other post in the bank. -Saulius Girnius MAZEIKIAI OIL REFINERY STOPPED AGAIN. Not having received any crude oil since 22-February, the oil refinery at Mazeikiai has been closed for three days, BNS reported on 2-March. An agreement with the St. Petersburg concern Lukoil had been signed in January to provide the refinery with 6 million tons of oil this year, but none has been sent, apparently because the Russian government has not yet given Lukoil permission to do so. Saulius Girnius LATVIA, FRANCE SIGN FRIENDSHIP TREATY. On 2-March in Paris French President Fran¨ois Mitterrand and Latvian Supreme Council Chairman Anatolijs Gorbunovs signed a friendship and cooperation treaty. Mitterrand said that France remains at Latvia's side to help close the gap that separates it from real sovereignty, particularly in the military domain. Gorbunovs urged France not to support Russian President Yeltsin's recent suggestion that Russia be granted special powers to stop conflicts in the former Soviet Union and stressed that the presence of the Russian Army is one of the main destabilizing factors in the political and economic life of Latvia, Baltic and Western agencies reported on 2-March. Dzintra Bungs "BALKAN ROUTE" SUPPLIES EUROPEAN DRUG MARKET. Recent arrests in Bulgaria indicate that the notorious "Balkan route," long favored by smugglers, remains the main supply channel for the European drug market. On 1 March another 5.7 kg of heroin were found in a car heading for Germany, bringing heroin seizures over the last month to 74 kg, Reuters reports. Kosta Bogatsevski, the chief inspector of the Interior Ministry, told a press conference in Sofia that in 1992 the Bulgarian police intercepted a total of 47 narcotics consignments, mostly containing heroin, with a net weight of 747 kg. Bogatsevski, who recently spent a week at a conference in Vienna devoted to the problems of drugs trafficking, said Western specialists estimate some 80% of all narcotics found in Western Europe have entered via the "Balkan route." Kjell Engelbrekt [As of 1200 CET] Compiled by Wendy Slater and Charles Trumbull THE RFE/RL DAILY REPORT IS PRODUCED BY THE RFE/RL RESEARCH INSTITUTE (A DIVISION OF RADIO FREE EUROPE/RADIO LIBERTY, INC.) with the assistance of the RFE/RL News and Current Affairs Division (NCA). The report is available by electronic mail via LISTSERV (RFERL-L@UBVM.CC.BUFFALO.EDU), on the Sovset' computer bulletin board, by fax, and by postal mail. 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