|Жизнь не в том, чтобы жить, а в том, чтобы чувствовать, что живешь. - В.О. Ключевский|
No. 40, 01 March 1993
Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, Inc. RUSSIA YELTSIN CRITICIZES LEGISLATURE. Speaking at the second forum of the centrist opposition coalition, Civic Union, on 28 February, President Boris Yeltsin criticized the "dualism of power" between the parliament and the government, according to ITAR-TASS. "In Russia, another government-under the aegis of the parliament-is working alongside the constitutional government. The President can no longer tolerate this," he said. Russia's future lay in an effective and balanced federation; the alternative was "either dictatorship or anarchy." He called on the Civic Union and other political forces including his supporters in "Democratic Choice" to participate in work on a Russian Constitution. Vice President Aleksandr Rutskoi then made a warmly-received speech to the forum calling for "a radical change" in economic policy. -Wendy Slater YELTSIN ON SPECIAL STATUS FOR RUSSIA, CONFEDERATIVE RELATIONS. In addition to his remarks on the internal political situation, Yeltsin told the Civic Union that Russia should have special status on the territory of the former Soviet Union to monitor conflicts and prevent ethnic clashes, Western media reported. He added that he thought it was time for responsible international organizations to grant Russia special powers as the guarantor of peace and stability in the region. Yeltsin's remarks are certain to arouse protests from at least some of the former Soviet republics. He also said that Russia was prepared to establish confederative relations with those former Soviet republics that were interested. In December 1992, the Russian Congress of People's Deputies had appealed to the former Soviet republics to establish a confederation or some other kind of union. -Ann Sheehy CIS DEFENSE MINISTERS MEET. Defense Ministry representatives from the CIS states which have signed the Collective Security Agreement met in Moscow on 27-February in order to discuss concrete plans for promoting closer military integration. Armenia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan took part in the meeting; Russia was represented by Deputy Defense Minister Boris Gromov. According to ITAR-TASS reports, the secretary of the CIS Defense Ministers' Council, Lt. Gen. Leonid Ivashov, said that all seven documents on the agenda had been approved. Although details of the agreements were not provided, the participants reportedly decided to create a working commission charged with drawing up proposals for implementing the Collective Security Agreement, including the establishment of a single air defense system. On 28 February ITAR-TASS speculated that participants had discussed a proposal to create a regional defense association in Central Asia that would include the republics which formerly constituted the Turkestan Military District. -Stephen Foye DEMOCRATS URGE CREATION OF CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY. The "Democratic Russia" Movement concluded its plenary session in Nizhnii Novgorod with a resolution urging the creation of a Constituent Assembly for the promulgation of a new constitution, Russian news agencies reported on 28 February. The resolution supported calling a referendum on the issues of the constitution and private land ownership. The democrats' call to form a Constituent Assembly instead of permitting the current parliament to draw up the new constitution has, for the first time, been supported by Vice President Rutskoi, according to ITAR-TASS on the same day. Speaking at the Civic Union forum, Rutskoi said that a Constituent Assembly could be formed on the basis of the Council of the Federation, the creation of which had been proposed by President Yeltsin at the Civic Union forum. -Alexander Rahr YELTSIN MOVES TO THE CENTER? ON RUSSIAN TV "ITOGI" OF 28 FEBRUARY, THE PRESENTER, YURII KISELEV, ASSESSED YELTSIN'S PRESENCE AT THE CIVIC UNION FORUM AND THE "SOLEMNITY" OF HIS ADDRESS AT IT AS AN INDICATION THAT THE PRESIDENT, ONCE AGAIN, IS MOVING TO THE POLITICAL "CENTER." Kiselev noted that Yeltsin had chosen to speak to the Civic Union congress rather than to the meeting of his radical supporters in "Democratic Russia," held the same day in Nizhnii Novgorod. Yeltsin had also failed to attend the last congress of "Democratic Russia" held in Moscow in December 1992. Yeltsin seems anxious to prevent the Civic Union from forming an alliance with the radical opposition; at the recent congress of the revived Russian Communist Party, its leaders had declared their willingness to come to terms with the Civic Union. -Julia Wishnevsky YELTSIN ASKS CONSTITUTIONAL COURT TO INVESTIGATE PARLIAMENT. Yeltsin's staff has requested the Russian Constitutional Court to inform the president on unconstitutional decisions by the Russian parliament, together with the Court's ruling on such decisions, Russian TV "Vesti" reported on 27 February. Since its establishment in October 1991, the Constitutional Court has ruled unconstitutional only one decision of the parliamentary Presidium but several of Yeltsin's decrees. Earlier in February, it issued a ruling requesting Yeltsin "to improve the technical quality" of his decrees. As a result, Yeltsin's radical supporters began a campaign of criticism of the Constitutional Court, accusing it of lack of objectivity and bias in favor of the parliament. Julia Wishnevsky ARMS EXPORTS PROMOTED. At a news conference in Moscow on 27 February, reported by ITAR-TASS, Viktor Glukhikh, chairman of the Russian State Committee for Defense Industries (attached to the government), called for a radical shift in the approach to exporting arms. The Russian defense industry could rapidly increase its exports and compete successfully with Western firms. He lamented the loss of traditional markets such as the former Warsaw Pact states, Libya, and Iraq, and complained that Western competitors had rushed to fill the vacuum created by UN embargoes. -Keith Bush ESTIMATE OF 1993 BUDGET DEFICIT RAISED. On 26 February, the Russian parliament approved in principle the draft budget for 1993, ITAR-TASS and Reuters reported. Finance Minister Vasilii Barchuk put the estimated deficit at 3.7-3.8 trillion rubles, or just over 8% of GDP. He attributed the increase from 5.1% of GDP, as announced in January, to soaring inflation. If standard Western accounting measurements were employed, it is thought that the planned deficit would total between 15 and 20% of GDP. The economic action plan for 1993, signed by Prime Minister Chernomyrdin on 23-February, had reiterated the necessity of keeping the budget deficit within 5% of GDP. -Keith Bush EXPORT TAX PROPOSED. In the course of his presentation, Barchuk asked parliament to approve a new 10% tax on all exports including barter transactions, Reuters of 26 February and the Financial Times of 27 February reported. The revenues from this tax would be used "exclusively" for the repayment of the external debt of the former Soviet Union. Russian exporters and foreign investors reacted critically. The existing tax burden includes a 20% VAT, royalties, export taxes, and other payments. Russia has assumed the whole of the foreign debt of the former Soviet Union which is believed to total some $86 billion at present. Repayments due in 1993 originally totaled around $20-billion. This was reduced to about $6.4-billion by creditor nations, but Russia has repeatedly announced that it can repay only-$2.5 billion in 1993. Keith Bush RUSSIAN-GERMAN GROUPS FAIL TO REACH COMPROMISE. The Third Congress of Germans of the former USSR which ended in Moscow on 28 February failed to achieve a rapprochement of the positions of the two main organizations of Germans, ITAR-TASS and Western media reported. Heinrich Groth, chairman of the "Wiedergeburt" society which favors emigration to Germany, said that the opposition had pretended unity but had not been ready for compromise. Hugo Wormsbecher, who heads the smaller Interstate Union of Russian Germans representing those not intending to emigrate, told ITAR-TASS that at present there was no basis for unification of the two branches of the German movement. As a result, according to ITAR-TASS, the three-day congress never managed to discuss the problems of those Germans who want to stay in the republics of the former USSR. -Ann Sheehy TRANSCAUCASIA AND CENTRAL ASIA KAZAKHSTAN-RUSSIA SUMMIT, AGREEMENTS. Kazakhstan's President Nursultan Nazarbaev met his Russian counterpart Boris Yeltsin on 27 February to assess the results of talks between representatives of the two governments, ITAR-TASS reported. A communique issued after the meeting noted that both countries agree on the importance of moving more quickly towards close cooperation in economic, political, and military affairs within the framework of the CIS. An agreement on bilateral military cooperation with the objective of creating a unified defense "space" (prostranstvo) is to be prepared over the next month. Also agreed were the introduction of customs policies and further efforts toward a common ruble zone. -Bess Brown NAGORNO-KARABAKH TALKS RESUME. The CSCE-sponsored talks aimed at preparing for a Karabakh peace conference resumed in Rome on 26 February after a five-month break, Western agencies reported. The chairman Mario Raffaelli expressed hope that agreement could be reached on one of three draft documents outlining conditions for a ceasefire. Meanwhile fierce fighting continued on 27 February between Armenian and Azerbaijani forces in Karabakh for control of the Sarsang dam. On 26 February ITAR-TASS quoted a Russian Ministry of Defense spokesman as again rejecting Azerbaijani charges that Russian troops were fighting in Karabakh on the Armenian side. According to an unconfirmed report by Radio Mayak on 28 February quoting the Ailur News Agency, Armenian President Levon Ter-Petrossyan has stated that Armenia and the self- proclaimed Nagorno-Karabakh Republic are ready for an immediate and unconditional ceasefire. -Liz Fuller GRACHEV IN GEORGIA. Visiting Russian military facilities in Abkhazia and Adzharia on 26-27 February, Russian Defense Minister Pavel Grachev said that he had no plans to meet with Georgian leaders to discuss the Georgian parliament's demand for the withdrawal of Russian troops from Abkhazia; Grachev said this issue should be resolved by negotiations between the governments of the two countries, ITAR-TASS reported. Grachev again denied that Russian troops were interfering in Georgia's internal affairs; he said that the purpose of his visit was merely to demonstrate support and concern for the Russian troops in Georgia. Meanwhile fighting intensified between Abkhaz and Georgian forces in Abkhazia's Ochamchire raion. -Liz Fuller JITTERS IN DUSHANBE, RUSSIAN SECURITY MINISTER VISITS. Although the authorities in Dushanbe have dismissed rumors of an impending attack on the Tajik capital by the opposition on 5-March, policing of the city has increased and passports are being checked, ITAR-TASS reported on 26 February. On 27 February the same source reported that Russian Minister of Security Viktor Barannikov was visiting Russian border troops stationed on the Tajik-Russian border. According to the report, reinforcements were already arriving from Uzbekistan. -Bess Brown CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE US BEGINS BOSNIAN AIRLIFT. On the night of 28-February to 1 March, three US military cargo planes parachuted food and medical supplies to the Gorazde area of eastern Bosnia, where leaflets had earlier been dropped. Pilots later told international media that no shots were fired at them. On 28 February a US government team arrived in Zagreb to begin work on identifying aid needs in Bosnia. Meanwhile in Bosnia itself, vice president Ejup Ganic succeeded in persuading Croatian military commanders to stop blocking supply routes connecting Croatia with areas held by Bosnian government forces. Croat field commanders had accused the Muslims of staging a coup against their own leader, Alija Izetbegovic, but the New York Times suggested that some Croat politicians in Bosnia might be trying to make trouble for Izetbegovic themselves. -Patrick Moore BOSNIA AS KUWAIT OR LEBANON? THE 28 FEBRUARY CHICAGO TRIBUNE SAID THAT TURKISH PRIME MINISTER SULEYMAN DEMIREL ON 26 FEBRUARY URGED INTERNATIONAL INTERVENTION IN BOSNIA ON THE MODEL OF OPERATION DESERT STORM, NOTING THAT "WHAT WAS DONE TO END THE OCCUPATION OF KUWAIT SHOULD BE DONE IN BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA TODAY." Demirel added that, although America cannot be the world's policeman, it should take the lead in Bosnia since "Europe won't do too much," and in Warsaw, Bulgarian President Zhelyu Zhelev urged "energetic Western intervention" lest Bosnia become "Europe's Lebanon." Meanwhile on 28-February, the New York Times said that Izetbegovic had met with Vice President Al Gore, and that same paper the next day quoted Secretary of State Warren Christopher as saying that Serbian conquests may "never be able to be rolled back to the situation where [matters were] a year and a half ago." -Patrick Moore NEGOTIATIONS ON LIFTING DANUBE BLOCKADE. On 28 February a delegation of the rump Yugoslavia headed by Transport Minister Milan Vujicic met Romanian negotiators in an effort to put an end to a five-day blockade of the traffic in the Iron Gates sector of the Danube. Some 65 Serbian tugboats and barges have formed a barricade, bringing river traffic to a halt. The move, which appears to come in retaliation for Romania's refusal to let Yugoslav vessels pass through Romanian locks at the Iron Gates water power station, was denounced by the UN Security Council on 27 February as a "deliberate and unjustified act of interference." Romanian President Ion Iliescu called Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic on 26 February to complain about the blockade, Radio Bucharest said. -Dan Ionescu TENSE SITUATION IN SANDZAK. On 27 February armed gunmen stopped a train at the Strpci railroad station in the predominantly Muslim region of Sandzak, seizing up to 40-passengers on their way from Belgrade to Bar. On the 28th Western agencies said all the hostages were Muslims, but Radio Serbia said Serbs and Croats were also among those taken. The fate of the hostages is unknown. Sandzak's Muslim Party of Democratic Action said the kidnappers wore uniforms of supporters of Zeljko Raznjatovic, a Serb paramilitary leader and legislator known as Arkan, who has been denounced as a war criminal by the US State Department. In October 1992 17 Muslims traveling by bus were kidnapped in the same area and taken to Serb-controlled areas in Bosnia, where Muslim sources say they were killed. The latest incident comes amid reports in Borba that several Muslim homes and businesses have been destroyed and as many as five Muslims killed earlier in the month near Priboj. Sandzak Serb and Muslim opposition parties are demanding that the federal Yugoslav Army secure the border with Bosnia to prevent a spillover of the violence there. -Milan Andrejevich RUGOVA CRITICIZES UNHCR. Radio Croatia on 26-February reports that Ibrahim Rugova, president of the self-proclaimed republic of Kosovo, implicitly accused the UN High Commissioner for Refugees of being instrumental in what he called Belgrade's "silent ethnic cleansing" in the Serbian province. Rugova, on a three-day visit to Paris at the invitation of a committee of French intellectuals, told a news conference that Belgrade, "with the help of UNHCR," is placing large numbers of Serbian refugees from Croatia and Bosnia in Kosovo. At the same time, Rugova said, more than 300,000 of Kosovo's 90% Albanian community are either being forced to emigrate by the Serbian authorities or are fleeing obligatory military service. Rugova added that Serbian "cleansing" also involves the closing of schools and universities with campuses transformed into camps for relocated Serbian refugees. -Milan Andrejevich DISAGREEMENT OVER QUALITY OF CZECH-SLOVAK BORDER. The Czech and Slovak ministers of internal affairs, Jan Ruml and Jozef Tuchyna, hold different views concerning the character of the Czech-Slovak border, CTK reports. After a meeting in Prague on 26-February, Ruml said that the Czech Republic intends to establish a protected international border, while Tuchyna defended a more liberal attitude. He said that there should be some form of control, but that Slovakia is not interested in a regular border between the two republics as it does not want to prevent the freedom of movement of its citizens. Ruml reportedly responded that his remarks were not aimed at the free movement of Slovak citizens, but rather at gangs of smugglers and illegal immigrants from third countries. Slovak Prime Minister Vladimir Meciar was quoted as saying later that due to disagreements between the two governments, it is currently impossible to sign a treaty on the character of the common border. He said that traveling to the Czech Republic from the territory of Slovakia is at the moment "worse than to any other country." Jan Obrman CZECH SOCIAL DEMOCRATS ELECT NEW LEADER. At its party congress on 27 and 28-February the Czechoslovak Social Democratic Party renamed itself the Czech Social Democratic Party and elected Milos Zeman its new chairman, Czech TV reports. Zeman, a former communist and the most outspoken representative of the far left-wing of the party, received 212 of a total of 407 votes in the second round of the voting and replaced Jiri Horak who headed the social democrats since the fall of the communist regime in late 1989. Some observers predicted that the election of Zeman might lead to the defection of many moderate social democrats or even to a split of the party. With the obvious aim to prevent such a split, the delegates elected Zeman's main contender for the party leadership, the moderate Pavel Novak, to the post of deputy chairman. After the election, Zeman announced that he will try to create what he termed a "realistic bloc" of left-wing parties to effectively challenge the government of Prime Minister Vaclav Klaus. He added that under his leadership the social democrats will "go after the throat" of the current Czech government. -Jan Obrman NATIONAL GUARD FOR POLAND? AT A MEETING ON 26-FEBRUARY THE NATIONAL DEFENSE COMMITTEE DISCUSSED THE FORMATION OF A NATIONAL GUARD, WHICH WOULD ALSO BE USED "TO ELIMINATE THREATS ARISING IN TIMES OF PEACE," ACCORDING TO A REPORT IN RZECZPOSPOLITA. The formation, which would include 22,000 soldiers by the year 2000, would be directly subordinate to the president. A draft law will be submitted by President Lech Walesa in due course. Observers believe that it will meet with strong resistance in parliament, which is wary of excessive presidential control. Anna Sabbat-Swidlicka MAGYAR ETHNIC LEADERS FROM ROMANIA VISIT HUNGARY. A delegation of the Hungarian Democratic Federation of Romania headed by Chairman Bela Marko and Honorary Chairman Laszlo Tokes held talks in Budapest on 26 February with President Goncz, Prime Minister Antall, and Foreign Minister Jeszenszky, MTI reports. In a subsequent joint statement, the two sides agreed to establish closer, regular, and institutionalized relations. The federation intends to play a constructive role in Romania's democratization process and in the improvement of Hungarian-Romanian relations. Hungary will not interfere in the federation's policies but will support its legitimate aspirations, including internal self-rule in accordance with Romanian and international law. The two sides will do everything to promote the early signing of a Hungarian-Romanian state treaty, an interstate minority protection agreement, and Hungary's law on national minorities, which also covers the country's Romanian minority. They agreed that the matter of Magyar minorities living abroad should not be used for party politics and electoral purposes. Alfred Reisch ROMANIA'S NATIONAL LIBERAL PARTY ELECTS NEW LEADER. A three-day country-wide conference of the National Liberal Party ended on 28 February in Brasov with the election of Mircea Ionescu-Quintus as the party's new chairman. A former minister of justice in Theodor Stolojan's coalition government, Ionescu-Quintus replaces Radu Campeanu, whose controversial policies are largely blamed for having split the party and led to its defeat in the September 1992 general elections. On 27 February the convention unanimously voted the merger of the NLP with the New Liberal Party, one of the many splinter groups within the liberal movement. On 20 February two more liberal groups-the National Liberal Party-Democratic Convention and the Liberal Party-Young Wing- decided to form the Liberal Party. The stated goal of these separate moves is to reestablish the unity of the liberal movement. The NLP, one of the country's "historical" parties, was restored in January 1990 after decades of communist interdiction. -Dan Ionescu BULGARIAN-EFTA NEGOTIATIONS CONCLUDE. On 26 February Bulgaria and the European Free Trade Association ended negotiations on a mutual trade agreement, the Financial Times reports. When ratified, the accord will provide for free trade in several economic sectors, such as industrial goods and processed foods. Trade barriers, however, will only be lowered gradually. According to the present time plan, the EFTA agreement will be signed this spring and come into force on 1 July. -Kjell Engelbrekt HUNGARY, UKRAINE SIGN NEW ACCORDS. Ukrainian President Leonid Kravchuk paid an official visit to Hungary on 26 and 27 February, MTI and Radio Budapest report. Following Kravchuk's talks with President Arpad Goncz and Prime Minister Jozsef Antall, the two countries signed four new agreements on border crossing matters and agricultural cooperation. An intergovernmental committee on economic, trade and technical cooperation headed by the two countries' foreign trade ministers is to meet in April. Hungary and Ukraine agreed to hold regular high-level meetings to promote stronger security in the area and stressed the importance of regional cooperation, schemes, such as the Carpathian Euro-region set up in mid-February. Budapest expressed its support for Ukraine's inclusion in the various projects of the Central European Initiative and called Ukraine's treatment of its Magyar national minority a model for the entire region. -Alfred Reisch KRAVCHUK ON RENEWAL OF SOVIET UNION. Kravchuk has also warned of a "military catastrophe" if attempts to revive the Soviet Union in Russia are successful. In an interview in the current issue of Der Spiegel, he said that such an attempt to change Russia would lead to a war more terrible than in the former Yugoslavia. Over the weekend the Ukrainian leader told a press conference in Budapest that Europe needs new security arrangements to cope with the collapse of the Soviet Union. -Roman Solchanyk CHORNOVIL WARNS OF RUSSIAN DANGER. The leader of Rukh, Ukraine's main opposition movement, Vyacheslav Chornovil, is quoted by Western news agencies on 27-February as saying that "imperialist" strivings in Russia pose a security threat to Ukraine. Chornovil, who is visiting the United States, maintained that it would be in the West's interest to extend aid and security guarantees to Ukraine in the face of Russia's "internal collapse." Chornovil met with AFL-CIO head Lane Kirkland and is scheduled to meet with State and Defense Department officials. -Roman Solchanyk FROM ONE TO TWO RUSSIAN ARMIES ON THE DNIESTER? KOMSOMOLSKAYA PRAVDA OF 26 FEBRUARY REPORTS THAT THE "DNIESTER REPUBLIC" IS WELL ADVANCED IN FORMING ITS OWN ARMY. It currently consists of 7,000 salaried soldiers recruited from local Russian paramilitary organizations, Cossacks and other volunteers from Russia, and fresh local conscripts (the article omits mention of personnel transferred from Russia's 14th Army). Russian and "Dniester" military salaries are equivalent, and the two forces conduct joint exercises, the article notes. That 14th Army's commander, Lt.-Gen. Aleksandr Lebed, claimed in Izvestia of 26 February that most of his servicemen will not withdraw to Russia because they are "Dniester" natives (a standard argument by Russian generals against withdrawing the Army from Moldova; in fact it consists overwhelmingly of natives of Russia and other parts of the former USSR). -Vladimir Socor KOZYREV BLASTS ESTONIA. Russian Foreign Minister Andrei Kozyrev has again alleged that Estonia is discriminating against Russian-speakers there, according to ITAR-TASS reports. While visiting Copenhagen on 27 February, and in a follow-up statement released in Moscow, Kozyrev accused the Estonian government of seeking to remove the entire Russian-speaking population by having given its passive support to a small organization-known as the Decolonization Front of Estonia-that aims to ease repatriation of those Russians who wish to leave. Kozyrev said the government's policy may damage Russian-Estonian relations. For their part, Estonian government officials have said repeatedly that there no plans to deport non-Estonian citizens and has encouraged all current noncitizens to make a choice to become citizens of Estonia, Russia, or some third state. -Riina Kionka SAJUDIS ELECTS NEW CHAIRMAN. On 27 February the parliament elected Juozapas Algirdas Katkus as its new chairman, replacing Juozas Tumelis, the RFE/RL Lithuanian Service reported on 28 February. Katkus is a Seimas deputy who had served as the chairman of Sajudis Council in Kaunas. Sajudis Honorary Chairman Vytautas Landsbergis made the main address in which he criticized the Lithuanian Democratic Labor Party and called on Sajudis to become a political party, "Union for the Rebirth of the Homeland." The parliament passed a resolution approving the proposal and formed a six-member committee that included Landsbergis and Center Movement leader Mecys Laurinkus to present to the next Sajudis parliament session in a few months more concrete plans for the party. Saulius Girnius LITHUANIAN ELECTION COMMISSION CHAIRMAN RESIGNS. On 27 February Vaclovas Litvinas, chairman of the Main Elections Commission, resigned after the body decided not to comply with Supreme Court rulings giving the Lithuanian Democratic Labor Party three more Seimas seats, Radio Lithuania reports. The majority said that the court has no right to change its decisions, since they were approved by the Seimas and three Sajudis candidates were sworn in as deputies. It also noted that although the court agreed that there were voting violations it did not call for new elections. -Saulius Girnius TWO MORE ELECTION COALITIONS IN LATVIA. On 28 February Radio Riga announced the formation of two new groups that will field candidates for the Latvian parliamentary elections in June. The Ravnopravie or Equal Rights coalition is led by Sergejs Dimanis, who used to head a parliamentary faction of the same name in Latvia's Supreme Council, will work to defend the rights of Russian speakers in Latvia and aims to create a new Latvia rather than work toward the full restoration of the interwar Republic of Latvia. The other coalition, called Latvijas Cels, was formed by leading politicians (including Supreme Council Chairman Anatolijs Gorbunovs, Foreign Minister Georgs Andrejevs, and Deputy Janis Vaivads) and Latvians in the West, notably the World Federation of Free Latvians. The coalition's platform is still being hammered out. -Dzintra Bungs CRIME IN BALTIC STATES IN 1992. In 1992 crime in the Baltic States increased, Baltfax reported on 13-February. The greatest number of crimes was in Latvia (61,871) with 56,615 reported in Lithuania and 41,254 in Estonia. The number of crimes in the three republics per 10,000 inhabitants was 321.7, 150.5, and 264 respectively. The number of economic crimes was highest in Lithuania (2,554), followed by 1,169 in Latvia, and 445-in Estonia. The Lithuanian authorities were the most successful in solving crimes with a rate of 35.5% about double the rate in Estonia of 18.2%, with Latvia in between at 25.6%. -Saulius Girnius [As of 1200 CET] Compiled by Wendy Slater and Charles Trumbull THE RFE/RL DAILY REPORT IS PRODUCED BY THE RFE/RL RESEARCH INSTITUTE (A DIVISION OF RADIO FREE EUROPE/RADIO LIBERTY, INC.) with the assistance of the RFE/RL News and Current Affairs Division (NCA). The report is available by electronic mail via LISTSERV (RFERL-L@UBVM.CC.BUFFALO.EDU), on the Sovset' computer bulletin board, by fax, and by postal mail. For inquiries about specific news items, subscriptions, or additional copies, please contact: in North America: Mr. Brian Reed, RFE/RL, Inc., 1201 Connecticut Avenue NW, Washington, DC-20036 Telephone: (202) 457-6912 or -6907; Fax: (202) 457-6992 or 828-8783; Internet: RIDC@RFERL.ORG or Elsewhere: Ms. Helga Hofer, Publications Department, RFE/RL Research Institute, Oettingenstrasse 67, 8000 Munich 22, Germany;.Telephone: (+49 89) 2102-2631 or -2624; Fax: (+49 89) 2102-2648, Internet: PD@RFERL.ORG 1993, RFE/RL, Inc. All rights reserved.
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