|Change is always powerful. Let your hook be always cast. In the pool where you least expect it, will be a fish. - Ovid|
No. 26, 09 February 1993
RUSSIA ZORKIN OPPOSES REFERENDUM, CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTS. Russian television reported on 8 February that the chairman of the Russian Constitutional Court may soon address the nation with an appeal for a moratorium on holding the 11 April referendum on the principles of a new Constitution for the Russian Federation. Valerii Zorkin also reportedly suggested a moratorium on any amendments to the existing Constitution, with the exception of one-namely, an amendment to abolish the Russian Congress of People's Deputies and its replacement with a two-chamber parliament to be elected by direct vote. In an interview with RFE/RL, Zorkin explained that he believed that the profound political and economic crisis in Russia made this an inappropriate time to adopt a new Constitution. -Julia Wishnevsky DOUBTS OVER VALIDITY OF RUSSIAN REFERENDUM. The Chairman of the commission entrusted with preparing the forthcoming referendum on the principles of a new Russian Constitution, Vasilii Kazakov, was reported by ITAR-TASS on 8 February as expressing doubts over the consequences of such a plebiscite, if it went ahead at all. He noted growing apathy among the population, and warned of the possibility that less than half the electorate would approve the new Constitution, even if no political forces or Russian regions boycotted the vote. Giving details of preparations for the referendum, Kazakov said that the wording of the questions had to be approved by 11 March, and that the cost of holding the referendum would be over 20 billion rubles. -Wendy Slater KHASBULATOV CRITICAL OF PRESIDENTIAL ADMINISTRATION, REFERENDUM. Russian parliamentary speaker, Ruslan Khasbulatov, addressing a seminar for leaders of local soviets in the Russian Federation, which opened in Moscow on 8 February, was quoted by ITAR-TASS as saying that Russia currently had "two parallel structures of executive power: the President and the government." Khasbulatov criticized the Presidential administrative structures, which he described as "unconstitutional," for exerting "strong pressure on the constitutional executive power". He called for the forthcoming referendum to include a question on holding early elections of both President and people's deputies, while warning that to hold a plebiscite on a new Constitution could "present a threat to the integrity of the country." -Wendy Slater PRIVATIZATION PROGRESSES. Russia's privatization program went ahead with another spurt on 8 February when shares in the Moscow GUM department store and several large factories in Volgograd were offered for sale, Western press agencies reported. About 6,000 investors holding more than 100,000 of the government-issued privatization vouchers were reported to have expressed interest in buying shares in GUM. Investors were to receive seven shares for every voucher. In Volgograd eight large and medium-sized factories were put up for sale, including the city's largest enterprise, a tractor factory employing 26,000 people. The Russian government intends to privatize all small and medium sized enterprises by the end of 1993, as well as 5,000 large ones. -Sheila Marnie MINIMUM WAGE TO BE RAISED AGAIN? THE RUSSIAN MINISTER OF LABOR, GENNADII MELIKYAN, HAS CALLED FOR THE MINIMUM WAGE TO BE RAISED TO THE SAME LEVEL AS THE MINIMUM PENSION, ACCORDING TO KOMMERSANT ON 6-FEBRUARY. The minimum wage was raised from 900 to 2,250 rubles a month on 1 January. This was more than double the previous minimum wage but still not enough to compensate for inflation. Minimum pensions were raised to 4,275 rubles a month from 1 February and are to be indexed to inflation quarterly. The minimum subsistence level for January was estimated at 5,200 rubles a month. Raising the minimum wage would cost about 370 billion rubles, and would serve to fuel inflation. According to ITAR-TASS on 5 February, Melikyan claimed that, in the interest of social stability, the population cannot be asked to suffer any further drop in living standards. He suggested that social problems should be given priority even at the expense of slowing the pace of economic change. -Sheila Marnie RUSSIAN FOREIGN TRADE DOWN, BUT HOW FAR? THE MINISTRY OF EXTERNAL ECONOMIC RELATIONS AND THE RUSSIAN STATE COMMITTEE ON STATISTICS (ROSKOMSTAT) HAVE ISSUED FOREIGN TRADE STATISTICS THAT CONFIRM A SIGNIFICANT DECLINE IN EXPORT AND IMPORT VOLUMES IN 1992. The figures from the two offices do not match, however. Preliminary figures from the Ministry, appearing in Finansovye Izvestiya (#14), show exports at $45-billion, down 21.6% from last year. Imports finished at $42 billion, down 5.6%. Although reporting the same positive trade balance of about $3 billion for the year, Roskomstat shows sharper declines in trade volumes: exports at $38.1 billion or 25% lower than last year; and imports at $35 billion or down 21%. The Roskomstat figures appear in Ekonomika i zhizn (#4). It is not clear why the two sets of figures contradict one another. -Erik Whitlock RUSSIAN ARMS EXPORT ORDERS FOR 1993. The Russian government has placed orders for arms exports worth $2 billion in 1993, according to the Deputy Chairman of the Russian State Industrial Committee for the Defense Sector. ITAR-TASS reported on 5-February that Gennadii Yampolsky had said that the figure represented a decline from the $3 billion worth of exports ordered in 1992. The 1992 total itself represented a 70% reduction in defense orders when matched against 1990 figures. Yampolsky compared the declining Russian sales to the growing volume of arms income earned by the US, but pointed to emerging associations of defense enterprises in Russia as a positive sign that he felt would increase Moscow's competitiveness. -Stephen Foye MISSING SOVIET MILITARY HARDWARE? AN UNIDENTIFIED MEMBER OF THE CSCE DELEGATION SUPERVISING THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE CONVENTIONAL FORCES IN EUROPE (CFE) TREATY SAID ON 5-FEBRUARY THAT SEVERAL HUNDRED TANKS AND ARMORED VEHICLES FROM THE FORMER SOVIET INVENTORY WERE FOUND TO BE UNACCOUNTED FOR IN A REVIEW CONDUCTED IN DECEMBER, AND THAT REPRESENTATIVES FROM THE WEST HAD DEMANDED CLARIFICATION OF THE PROBLEM. It appeared that Russia was the chief culprit, although the reports by Western news agencies were unclear on that score. One report said that the tanks were missing from depots in the Caucasus. The CSCE source suggested that Western leaders recognized the difficulties faced by the governments of the former Soviet Union but would nevertheless insist that collective reduction obligations be carried out. He was attending a meeting in Vienna that was called to ratify an agreement between Prague and Bratislava on disposal of the military forces of the former Czechoslovakia. -Stephen Foye COMMISSION TO PROBE DEFENSE MINISTRY ABUSES. The Presidium of the Russian Supreme Soviet on 8 February created a commission to investigate reports of corruption and abuse of privilege in the Defense Ministry, ITAR-TASS reported. The commission is to be headed by Andrei Chaikovsky, identified as a member of the parliament's defense and security committee. -Stephen Foye ADDITIONAL FUNDING FOR MILITARY HOUSING. The Russian Defense Ministry has allocated an additional $1.5 billion to finance construction of housing for officers and NCO's slated to be de-commissioned following their return from Germany, ITAR-TASS reported on 8-February. The move is reportedly related to the accelerated timetable that has been agreed upon for the withdrawal. According to the deputy commander for housing of the Western Group of Forces, Maj. Gen. Viktor Koshelev, there are currently some 10,000 officers and NCO's in Germany who lack housing in Russia and are awaiting discharge. -Stephen Foye JAPAN ON NORTHERN TERRITORIES ISSUE. Speaking at a rally commemorating "Northern Territories Day" on 7 February, Japanese Prime Minister Miyazawa called for a solution to the Kurils issue. According to Kyodo and ITAR-TASS reports, he also called for improved relations with Russia and welcomed moves to plan a visit by Russian President Yeltsin. Foreign Minister Watanabe, in an interview with Japan's NHK television on the same day, noted that Japan's aid would be on a scale similar to that of the US and France, rather than to that of Germany. While he did not directly link further aid to a resolution of the Kurils dispute, Watanabe reiterated that Japan would continue to raise the issue with Russia. According to AFP on 8 February, Watanabe also called for Russia to apologize for the death by starvation of 50,000 Japanese prisoners of war held by Russia at the end of World War Two. -John Lepingwell RUSSIAN DIPLOMAT TO IRAQ. Igor Melekhov, the deputy head of the Russian Foreign Ministry's Middle East department, arrived in Baghdad on 8 February to conduct talks with the Iraqi government, Reuters reported. Melekhov noted that he would try both to strengthen Russian-Iraqi relations and reaffirm Russia's position that Iraq comply with all UN Security Council resolutions. It is also expected that Melekhov will discuss the issue of Iraqi debts to Russia, which have not been paid since the imposition of sanctions against Iraq. -John Lepingwell US NOT TO INCREASE AID TO RUSSIA. The New York Times reported on 8 February that the Clinton administration does not intend to substantially increase US aid to Russia, although it will attempt to manage the flow of existing aid more efficiently. A key role will be played by Strobe Talbott, who will be Ambassador-at-large to the former Soviet Union, and who will head an inter-agency committee to coordinate aid policy and programs. -John Lepingwell TRANSCAUCASIA AND CENTRAL ASIA STARVATION THREAT IN TAJIK MOUNTAINS. Radio Mayak news quoted Tajikistan's Foreign Minister Rashid Alimov on 8 February as saying that some 700,000 inhabitants of mountain districts in the Central Asian country are in immediate danger of starvation. In some outlying areas people have only 25-30 grams of flour a day. Alimov blamed the lack of food supplies in the mountain regions on fighting between pro- and anti- government forces and noted that shipments of humanitarian aid have not reached these areas, where fighting is apparently continuing. -Bess Brown RUSSIAN FORCES TO DEFEND AGAINST FUNDAMENTALISM. Russian Defense Minister Pavel Grachev, addressing Russian troops in Tajikistan on 4 February, said that the 201st division should be bolstered because the region was "strategically important" to Moscow and that Russian troops there served as a bulwark against Islamic Fundamentalism. The meeting, reported by AFP and ITAR-TASS on 5 February, was attended by the speaker of the Tajik parliament, Imam Ali Rakhmanov, who also called for the 201st division to be reinforced. -Stephen Foye ANOTHER OPPOSITION TRIAL IN UZBEKISTAN. Vasila Inoyatova, secretary of the Uzbek opposition movement Birlik, was put on trial before the Supreme Court on 8 February on a charge of having insulted the country's President, Islam Karimov, Radio Mayak reported. An earlier report by AFP quoted Uzbek officials as saying that Inoyatova was being held to account for an open letter she had written to Karimov and published in the February 1992 issue of Birlik's journal. Uzbek authorities have also opened a criminal investigation into the actions of the journal's editor, Khamid Rasulov, who now lives in Moscow. -Bess Brown CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE NEW CZECH AND SLOVAK CURRENCIES. On 8-February, the Czech Republic and Slovakia began using separate currencies-the Czech koruna (CEK) and the Slovak koruna (SOK). The initial exchange rate between the two currencies and the US dollar was identical-29-CEK and SOK per $1. Czech Savings Bank spokesman Pavel Jirousek told CTK on 8 February that the bank will buy and sell Slovak koruny at the initial one-to-one rate. Czech National Bank Governor Josef Tosovsky said that confidence in the Czech koruna should increase owing to a planned loan of the International Monetary Fund to the Czech National Bank. The loan is to be about $200-million. -Jiri Pehe TWO CANDIDATES FOR SLOVAK PRESIDENT. Slovak media and international agencies report that Michal Kovac, the former chairman of the Federal Assembly, and Ivan Gasparovic, chairman of the Slovak parliament, are the only two official candidates for the second round of the presidential elections in Slovakia, to be held on 15 February. In the first round in January Parliament failed to elect a president from among several candidates. Both Kovac and Gasparovic are members of the ruling Movement for a Democratic Slovakia. In the first round the election of the president was blocked by the opposition parties which were critical of the fact that the front-runner, Roman Kovac, is an MDS member. Before the second round, the opposition parties nominated Juraj Svec, the president of Comenius University in Bratislava, but he withdrew after he lost the support of the Party of the Democratic Left. A three-fifths majority is needed. If no candidate wins the required majority, another round of elections will be held on 16 February. -Jiri Pehe SLOVAK, CZECH ROMANIES ACTIVE. At a press conference in Kosice on 6 February representatives of Slovakia's Romany Civic Initiative appealed to Deputy Prime Minister Roman Kovac to hold talks on the situation of their people in Slovakia. They claimed that the government and culture ministry "ignore and reject" Romanies' demands for cultural and social development. They also called for observers to be sent to Slovakia to investigate the observance of human rights and the rights of ethnic minorities. Czech Prime Minister Vaclav Klaus met on 5 February with Romany representatives, following their demands that the government clamp down on "fascist and racist groups." CTK reports that following the meeting Klaus called a special meeting of high-ranking government officials on 8-February to discuss Romany concerns. -Jiri Pehe BOSNIAN PEACE PROCESS ON HOLD. Major American dailies on 9 February report at length on speculation over the Clinton administration's emerging Bosnia policy. The New York Times in particular lists a number of points it believes will be features of the American approach, which most dailies agree will include a special envoy to hold fresh talks with the warring parties as a continuation of the current peace process led by Cyrus Vance and Lord Owen. The Americans reportedly feel that the current Vance-Owen plan would reward ethnic cleansing and would prove impossible to enforce. It is not clear what changes the Americans have in mind to produce an arrangement more attractive to the Muslims while being acceptable to the Serbs and Croats. Nor is it clear how Washington would enforce any new peace package. Meanwhile, the UN Security Council has begun discussing Bosnia, but the media agree that all are waiting for the expected announcement of Washington's policy in the next few days before the Council will offer any recommendation. The EC countries are urging the US to back the Vance-Owen plan, while Turkey wants Washington to hold out for a better deal for the Muslims. -Patrick Moore HDZ WINS IN CROATIAN ELECTIONS. President Franjo Tudjman's Croatian Democratic Community (HDZ) took about two-thirds of the vote in preliminary returns from the 7-February elections to the largely symbolic upper house of parliament. The HDZ also did well in local and municipal voting, although the 9-February Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung says that a regional party took 66% of the vote in Istria. The Croatian Peasant Party (HSP), the nominal successor to interwar Croatia's most important party, got few votes in last August's parliamentary elections but this time came back to take over 10% of the total. The liberals once again came in second, with about a quarter of all ballots. As in the August elections, the central issue was Tudjman and his party's alleged authoritarian tendencies. The HDZ appears to have gotten an added boost from the Croatian military's good performance against the Serbs since the 22 January offensive began. This election is expected to help lead to an eventual consolidation of the political landscape as some of the 27-parties disappear or merge with others. -Patrick Moore SERBS WARN AMERICANS, JOURNALISTS. Newsday reported on 7 February that Serbian authorities in Bosnia said on 4 February that they "cannot guarantee the freedom and safety of American citizens and representatives of the American media." Serbian dailies and TV have singled out Newsday reporter Roy Gutman as being a "spy," and Newsday said that Gutman has been hampered in reporting from Serbian-held areas of Bosnia. Gutman and his paper were first to break the story of ethnic cleansing in the summer of 1992. -Patrick Moore ANOTHER ROMANIAN TUGBOAT DETAINED. Radio Bucharest said on 8 February that another Romanian tugboat transporting merchandise on the Danube to Austria has been detained by the Serb authorities. Three other Romanian tugboats continue to be denied permission to proceed to their destinations. -Michael Shafir FORCED CONSCRIPTION OF VOJVODINA HUNGARIANS. At a press conference on 8-February the Democratic Community of Hungarians from Vojvodina called attention to the renewed forced conscription of ethnic Hungarians, Radio Budapest reports. Vojvodina parliamentary deputy Csaba Sepsey reminded his colleagues that such actions are illegal. He mentioned instances where the military or police removed people from their homes forcibly and without prior notification. Some formal appeals have reportedly been registered with approriate minority affairs officials. -Judith Pataki START-1 SCHEDULED FOR NEXT UKRAINIAN PARLIAMENTARY SESSION. Before departing on a trip to the United Kingdom, Ukrainian President Leonid Kravchuk stated that he expects the START-1 treaty to be ratified at the next session of Parliament, which begins next week, ITAR-TASS reports. Russian TV's "Vesti" newscast on 9 February also reported that a group of Ukrainian parliamentarians opposed to START-1 ratification will hold a conference entitled "Ukraine's Nuclear Status as the Best Safeguard of European Peace" in mid-February. -John Lepingwell POLAND TO PARTICIPATE IN NATO EXERCISE. A Defense Ministry spokesman announced on 5 February that Poland will join NATO naval forces on maneuvers in the Baltic on June 16-18. This will be the first time Poland has taken part in joint exercises with NATO members. Poland was invited to take part in "Baltops 1993" by US naval officials in Europe. Lithuania will also participate. Russia was invited, but its response is unclear. Polish Defense Minister Janusz Onyszkiewicz told reporters on 4 February that Poland would like NATO to present clear conditions for membership in the alliance. Onyszkiewicz said the requirements had not been spelled out during recent meetings with defense officials in Germany, Britain, and the US. One condition had been set informally, that the Polish armed forces be placed under "full civilian control." This aim was largely achieved, Onyszkiewicz said, but "other conditions are not given. We would very much like that sort of list to be drawn up." -Louisa Vinton POLISH POLITICAL ROUNDUP. President Lech Walesa used a visit to Warsaw's notorious Rakowiecka prison on 8 February to argue once again that the continued spread of corruption and organized crime in Poland is not his fault. Prime Minister Hanna Suchocka met the same day with Solidarity Chairman Marian Krzaklewski to lobby for his support of the government's 1993 budget. The union's national leadership is to debate the budget on 10-February. The meeting was apparently inconclusive; Suchocka's spokesman said that it was "informational in character and yielded no concrete results." Also on 8 February, the Christian National Union nominated a new candidate for the contested culture minister post: Jerzy Goral, a specialist in press and copyright law. The prime minister refrained from endorsing the candidacy, saying she would first consult with Walesa on the proposal, even if the constitution does not strictly oblige her to do so. Finally, opinion poll results reported by PAP show the Catholic Church's disapproval rating (46%) higher than its approval rating (41%) for the first time ever. Among the institutions included, approval was highest for the army (72%) and the police (67%). -Louisa Vinton KAZAKH PRIME MINISTER VISITS HUNGARY. Sergei Tereshchenko began a three- day official visit in Hungary on 8 February at the invitation of Prime Minister Jozsef Antall, MTI reports. This is the first high-level visit in the history of the two countries. Tereshchenko is seeking to strengthen economic ties between the two countries and will meet with the directors of several Hungarian and international joint venture companies. Kazakhstan is about to sign a joint oil production agreement with Chevron, and a Hungarian company, Vegyepszer, seeks to participate as a subcontractor to Chevron. Kazakhstan has also expressed interest in Hungarian agricultural products and would like to study the corn production system. A Hungarian embassy is planned for Alma-Ata. -Judith Pataki PALESTINIAN DELEGATION VISITS ROMANIA. Faisal al-Husseini, adviser to the Palestinian delegation at the Middle East peace talks, headed a delegation that visited Romania on 6-February. He met President Ion Iliescu and Foreign Affairs Minister Theodor Melescanu. Al-Husseini said Romania's close ties with both the Palestine Liberation Organization and Israel put the country in a good position to play a more active role in furthering the Middle East peace process. Iliescu said that Romania has offered to facilitate contacts and create a positive atmosphere for negotiations. -Michael Shafir ILIESCU ON CORNEA'S SUMMONS. Romanian President Ion Iliescu accused some newspapers and individuals of trying to make political capital out of "a malfunctioning of the mechanisms of the state based on the rule of law." They exaggerate, he said, the significance of the prosecutor general's having summoned for questioning prominent human rights activist Doinea Cornea's at the very moment that the Council of Europe is debating Romania's admission. Trying to deflect responsibility onto the opposition, Iliescu thus lays the blame for the ensuing uproar on those who protested against the summons, seemingly implying a conspiracy. Responding to an official of the International Federation of Human Rights who wrote to protest the summons, Iliescu, in remarks carried by Radio Bucharest on 8 February, praised Cornea's courageous stand against the Ceausescu regime. He said her continuing presence in political life after the revolution reflects "the new climate and the absence of any restrictions in the exercise of fundamental human rights" in Romania. -Michael Shafir ROMANIAN TRADE UNIONS THREATEN ACTIONS. The Confederation of Free Romanian Trade Unions, the largest trade union umbrella organization in Romania, says it will initiate unspecified actions on 10 February if the problems concerning the all-country collective work contract are not solved. The confederation accuses the employers' representatives and the government of not implementing previously concluded agreements. Radio Bucharest said on 8-February that Premier Nicolae Vacaroiu has designated Minister of Labor and Social Affairs Dan Mircea Popescu to mediate. -Michael Shafir BALKAN AIRWAYS OPENS TO PRIVATIZATION. Balkan Airways, Bulgaria's national airline, has been opened for privatization, AFP reported on 8 February. The state will retain at least 40% of the shares, but foreign tenders may hold up to 49%. Balkan Airways, which has access to 64 different international destinations, is to retain its position as national airline for 15-years. The company has 4,000 employees and a fleet of 60 predominantly Soviet-made planes. -Kjell Engelbrekt MORE ON SMOLYAKOV'S PRESS CONFERENCE. Russian Ambassador to Ukraine Leonid Smolyakov told a press conference in Kiev on 5 February that his office has received 400,000 requests from residents in Ukraine about acquisition of Russian citizenship; 20,000 requests came from the Crimea. Smolyakov told journalists that Russia insists that Ukraine provide for dual citizenship and that a note to that effect has been sent to the Ukrainian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Smolyakov recently visited the Crimea and said that he learned of the "difficulties" facing the Russian-speaking population there. If the peninsula opts for independence, he said, Russia will recognize it. -Roman Solchanyk PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS IN LITHUANIA BEGUN. On 8 February more than two million eligible voters who will be unable to vote in person in the presidential elections on 14-February began casting mail-in ballots at the country's 1,300 post offices, Radio Lithuania reports. Polls conducted by Baltic Surveys on 20-27 January indicated that about 49% would vote for Algirdas Brazauskas and 39% for Stasys Lozoraitis. Lozoraitis is more popular among ethnic Lithuanians (44% vs. 40%), but Brazauskas has far more support among Russians (77% vs. 7%) and Poles (70% vs. 11%) as well as in rural areas (54% vs. 28%). Another poll conducted at about the same time by the Institute of Philosophy, Sociology, and Law showed 57% support for Brazauskas and only 29% for Lozoraitis. -Saulius Girnius PRUNSKIENE-LITHUANIA'S AMBASSADOR TO GERMANY? IN AN INTERVIEW WITH SPIEGEL, ACTING PRESIDENT ALGIRDAS BRAZAUSKAS INDICATED THAT HE MIGHT APPOINT FORMER PRIME MINISTER KAZIMIERA PRUNSKIENE LITHUANIA'S AMBASSADOR TO GERMANY REPLACING VAIDOTAS ANTANAVICIUS, WHO LAST MONTH EXPRESSED HIS DESIRE TO RETIRE. On 8 February Seimas press spokesman Vilius Kavaliauskas confirmed the accuracy of the report, while opposition leader Vytautas Landsbergis noted that it would be "a strange appointment, one that would not raise Lithuania's prestige," Baltfax reports. Prunskiene has been accused of "conscious collaboration" with the KGB, but the parliament refused to raise the question of taking away her seat and she did not run for the Seimas. -Saulius Girnius SILDMAE UNDER FIRE. Toomas Sildmae, Estonia's newly-appointed minister of economics, has come under attack by a member-party of the governing coalition. According to BNS of 9-February, the Estonian National Independence Party parliamentary faction has criticized Sildmae for having avoided the political struggle for independence in favor of building up his hotel business connections. The faction leaders also warned that Sildmae's appointment could be damaging to the government's reputation, since the hotel business in Tallinn "has recently been dominated by an atmosphere of corruption and crime." The ENIP leaders expressed their surprise that an admittedly highly political government had named someone with no party affiliation to a key ministry, but added that they will not contest the appointment because the coalition agreement reserves the economics post for the coalition leader, Pro Patria. -Riina Kionka ESTONIA WANTS TO INTEGRATE IMMIGRANTS. Estonian Foreign Minister Trivimi Velliste assured a visiting UN human rights mission on 8 February that the current government has the political will to integrate the country's immigrants. Velliste told the mission that Estonia wants to integrate the immigrants, but "not at the instructions of the Russian government." Earlier that day, in a clear allusion to Estonia and Latvia, Nikolai Obirotyshev, Russian ambassador to Lithuania, was quoted as saying that Lithuania's citizenship laws could "serve as an example for other countries." BNS, citing Lietuvos rytas, reported Obirotyshev's remarks on 8-February. -Riina Kionka [As of 1200 CET] Compiled by Stephen Foye and Charles TrumbullTHE RFE/RL DAILY REPORT IS PRODUCED BY THE RFE/RL RESEARCH INSTITUTE (A DIVISION OF RADIO FREE EUROPE/RADIO LIBERTY, INC.) with the assistance of the RFE/RL News and Current Affairs Division (NCA). The report is available by electronic mail via LISTSERV (RFERL-L@UBVM.CC.BUFFALO.EDU), on the Sovset' computer bulletin board, by fax, and by postal mail. For inquiries about specific news items, subscriptions, or additional copies, please contact: in USA: Mr. Jon Lodeesen or Mr. Brian Reed, RFE/RL, Inc., 1201 Connecticut Avenue NW, Washington, DC-20036 Telephone: (202) 457-6912 or -6900; fax: (202) 457-6992 or -202-828-8783; Internet: RI-DC@RFERL.ORG or in Europe: Ms. Helga Hofer, Publications Department, RFE/RL Research Institute, Oettingenstrasse 67, 8000 Munich 22; Telephone: (+49 89) 2102-2631 or -2642; fax: (+49 89) 2102-2648, Internet: PD@RFERL.ORG 1992, RFE/RL, Inc. All rights reserved. RFE/RL Daily Report
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