|Greatness lies not in being strong, but in the right use of strength. - Henry Ward Beecher|
No. 23, 04 February 1993
RUSSIA NATIONALIST, COMMUNIST DEPUTIES PLAN TO PREVENT REFERENDUM. Deputies from conservative and centrist factions have managed to collect the necessary number of signatures for the convening of an extraordinary Congress in March. Deputy Oleg Plotnikov from the centrist faction "Smena" told an RFE/RL correspondent on 3 February that at this Congress, nationalist, communist and centrist deputies will seek to prevent the referendum on the new constitution scheduled for 11 April. Opponents of President Yeltsin argue that a referendum would completely destabilize Russian politics. Alexander Rahr YELTSIN CREATES COMMISSION TO PREPARE FOR REFERENDUM. On 3 February, President Yeltsin ordered the establishment of a government commission to prepare for the April referendum, ITAR-TASS reported. Headed by Deputy Prime Minister Vladimir Shumeiko, the commission will coordinate the activities of central and regional executive offices as they make technical and financial preparations related to the referendum. The commission will also analyze the new constitutional principles proposed by parliament. The presidential side will have its own set of principles. It seems that the two sides will have to reach a compromise on the final wording of referendum questions. The commission will also have to analyze the positions of various political parties and movements towards the referendum. Vera Tolz MORE CALLS FOR EARLY ELECTIONS IN RUSSIA. Russian Constitutional Court Chairman Valerii Zorkin said in an interview with Komsomolskaya pravda on 3-February that presidential and parliamentary elections should be held in Russia before 1996 and 1995 respectively. The same day, Literaturnaya gazeta published an interview with former Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev, who said he also favored early elections. He said such elections were needed to break the stalemate between President Yeltsin and the Russian parliament over reforms. The main advocate of the early elections is parliament's speaker Ruslan Khasbulatov, who says the question of the elections should be included in the April referendum. Vera Tolz KHASBULATOV, CHERNOMYRDIN MEET NORTH OSSETIAN LEADERS. The chairman of the North Ossetian parliament, Akhsarbek Galazov, and the North Ossetian prime minister, Sergei Khetagurov, met Russian parliamentary chairman Ruslan Khasbulatov and Prime Minister Viktor Chernomyrdin in Moscow on 3-February, ITAR- TASS reported. The agency said they discussed measures for stabilizing the political situation in the North Caucasus, paying particular attention to the solution of economic problems. North Ossetian and Ingush delegations resumed talks in Kislovodsk on 2-February. Vladimir Solodin, spokesman for Russia's temporary administration for North Ossetia and Ingushetia, told an RFE/RL correspondent on the same day in Moscow that the delegations were discussing hostages and compensation for damages. Ann Sheehy DUDAEV COUNTERATTACKS. The press service of Chechen president Dzhokhar Dudaev replied on 3-February to accusations by General Anatolii Kulikov, the commander of Russia's internal troops that Chechnya was a source of tension in the Caucasus, ITAR- TASS reported. The statement said that the allegations about crimes in Chechnya were completely unreal, and went on to accuse Russian authorities of conducting a policy of state terrorism against the Chechen people. It accused the Russian government of encouraging Russian citizens to raid trains passing through Chechnya, of bringing large quantities of drugs and arms into the republic, and even of allocating 30 billion rubles to destabilize Chechnya. Recent events, it stated, were making the inhabitants of Chechnya doubt Russia's sincerity in conducting talks with Chechnya. Ann Sheehy IMF: INFLATION THREATENS AID TO RUSSIA. The managing director of the International Monetary Fund, Michel Camdessus told Izvestiya in Washington on 3-February that Russian policy still lacks the credibility to earn Western assistance. Although Russia has made progress implementing structural reforms, "deficiencies in monetary policy were a key element" contributing to a growing danger of hyperinflation, Camdessus said. As a result, he continued, Russian authorities "willingly or not destroyed the condition" for receiving the $6-billion ruble stabilization fund. Camdessus noted, however, that if the government produced a solid program for getting its economic house in order, negotiations could begin as early as next month for credit totaling $3-billion, the next available installment in Russia's stand-by arrangement with the Fund. Erik Whitlock and Robert Lyle GOVERNMENT VACILLATES ON PRICE CONTROLS. Having just backed down from imposing price controls on a broad range of goods, the Russian government has now published a resolution regulating the price of bread and bread products, according to ITAR- TASS on 3-February. The resolution sets a maximum purchasing price of 12,000 rubles per metric ton for grain used in bread production for the first quarter of 1993. Any difference between this and the actual price paid for grain used for bread flour will be made up by funds from the federal budget. The resolution also places a profit limit of 15% on all bread factories, mills and shops. As inflation nears the 50% mark, calls for further price controls are becoming more persistent. Sheila Marnie RUSSIAN AGRICULTURE MINISTER CALLS FOR MORE SUBSIDIES FOR FARMERS. The Russian Minister of Agriculture, Viktor Khlystun, has claimed that farmers will need more help than that promised to them in a government resolution of 23 January, according to Reuters on 3 February. The resolution proposes subsidies in the form of low-interest loans and the writing off of farmers' debts, the cost of which is estimated at 160-billion rubles. Agriculture has been caught in a so-called "scissors crisis," reminiscent of that in the 1920s, with the prices for agricultural equipment, fuel, fertilizers etc. rising far more sharply then the prices paid for agricultural produce. The resolution also apparently proposes a 3% tax on the profits of enterprises in other sectors of the economy to raise money for agriculture. According to Khlystun, a further 600 billion rubles is needed just to cover spring sowing costs. Sheila Marnie TOKYO UNDECIDED ON YELTSIN VISIT. A spokesman for the Japanese government said on 4 February that the group of seven (G-7) major industrialized nations had not yet decided on whether to invite Russian President Yeltsin to its next summit in Tokyo, scheduled for July. News reports had speculated that Yeltsin would be invited to the meeting in order to discuss financial aid for Russia, and on 3 February Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Georgii Kunadze had suggested that Tokyo favored extending the invitation. He also said that Yeltsin might visit Japan prior to the summit if the two sides could reach compromises on several sticky issues, including the disposition of four Russian-held islands situated north of Japan. Developments were reported by Reuters and Kyodo on 4-February. Stephen Foye NEWSPAPER LISTS 100 MOST INFLUENTIAL POLITICIANS. The liberal newspaper Nezavisimaya gazeta in its 3 February issue published a ranking of "the 100-leading Russian politicians." The list, compiled from a table of the top 125 posts in public life by a team of academics and journalists commissioned by the newspaper, was intended to show the relative influence of Russian politicians during January 1993, and will be updated monthly. President Yeltsin took first place and was rated as far more influential than parliamentary speaker Ruslan Khasbulatov, who came in second. Prime Minister Viktor Chernomyrdin and Vice President Aleksandr Rutskoi were placed third and fourth, respectively. Foreign Minister Andrei Kozyrev took ninth place, and Security Minister Viktor Barannikov was placed twenty-first. Civic Union leader Arkadii Volsky was considered only the seventeenth most influential politician. Wendy Slater & Alexander Rahr RUSSIA TO CUT OFFICER CORPS BY 40,000 PER YEAR. During the course of the planned military reforms the Russian officers corps will be reduced by 40-50,000 officers per year, according to the Russian Ministry of Defense press center. An ITAR-TASS report of 4-February reports that three centers have been established to provide training in civilian skills for those being retired and another ten are being planned. The German government is providing DM 129 million to support retraining, DM 22.8 million of which is to be used to provide training in Germany for 11,500 members of the Russian group of forces located there. John Lepingwell TRANSCAUCASIA AND CENTRAL ASIA TURKEY COMPROMISES OVER AID TO ARMENIA. Following talks in Ankara with advisors to Armenian President Levon Ter-Petrossyan, Turkish Prime Minister Suleyman Demirel has agreed despite pressure from Azerbaijan to allow French and US consignments of humanitarian aid to transit Turkey to Armenia, Western agencies reported on 3 February. Turkey will also proceed with the shipment to Armenia of fuel, oil, and wheat. A request that Turkey sell electricity to Armenia to compensate for the shortfall resulting from the cutoff of gas to the sole functioning Armenian thermal power station at Hrazdan will depend on the outcome of the next round of Armenian-Azerbaijani peace talks in Rome on 22 February; Turkish Deputy Premier Erdal Inonu stated in December that electricity supplies to Armenia are conditional on a withdrawal of Armenian forces from Azerbaijani territory. Liz Fuller TAJIKISTAN: CONSERVATIVE RESTORATION CONTINUES. Khovar-TASS reported on 3-February that Tajikistan's State Committee for Foreign Economic Relations has been transformed into a Ministry. The upgrading of the government agency is in accord with the importance the present conservative government ascribes to attracting foreign capital to help rebuild the country's economy, shattered in the 1992 civil war . The previous coalition government of moderate Communists and members of democratic- Islamic groups also sought foreign investment. The conservatives, however, have entrusted the quest for outside help to Izatullo Khaeev, the relatively hardline Communist, who was Chairman of Tajikistan's Council of Ministers from 1986 to 1990, and again for a few months in 1991. He resigned for health reasons at the beginning of 1992. Bess Brown BROADCASTING DISPUTE IN KAZAKHSTAN. Employees of the Karaganda Radio Broadcasting Company have refused to go on the air during the last few days in protest over the removal of their chief , ITAR-TASS reported on 3 February. (Karaganda is in north-central Kazakhstan.) The oblast administration and Kazakhstan's quasi-governmental Radio and TV Company fired the Karaganda Broadcasting chief, Bakhytdzhan Mukushev, ostensibly for not coping adequately with his job, but his subordinates claim he was removed for defying the new head of the oblast administration. The Karaganda radio employees have appealed to Kazakhstan's President Nursultan Nazarbaev to intervene. Meanwhile, Kazakhstan's most important industrial center is without local radio. Bess Brown CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE CONTROVERSY MOUNTS OVER PEACE PLAN FOR BOSNIA. The 4 February New York Times said that the Clinton administration "considers the [Owen-Vance] plan impractical and unenforceable, and maintains that it rewards so-called ethnic cleansing by assigning to the Bosnian Serbs some areas that they seized control of only by driving out other ethnic communities." The daily also quoted White House communications director George Stephanopoulos as saying that the United States would put forward its own "announcement relatively soon" on the Bosnian crisis. The Times added that American officials said they "would not press the Bosnian Muslims to accept" the Vance-Owen proposal to divide their republic into 10 cantons within a decentralized state. Meanwhile, the Boston Globe quoted EC peace negotiator David Owen as urging backing for his plan on the grounds that it is the only one on offer. He said: "I know that the world, the Western world, the United States, Europe - for right or wrong - are not going to intervene. They're not going to do it and therefore we've got to get a settlement." -Patrick Moore A FRENCH PLAN TO RESCUE SARAJEVO? THE GUARDIAN ON 3 FEBRUARY AND THE BBC'S EUROPEAN SERVICE ON 4 FEBRUARY REPORTED THAT FRANCE IS DEVELOPING A PROPOSAL FOR AMERICAN, BRITISH, AND FRENCH TROOPS TO IMPOSE A LARGE CORDON SANITAIRE AROUND THE BOSNIAN CAPITAL TO END THE SIEGE AND ENSURE THE FREE MOVEMENT OF PEOPLE AND GOODS. French commentators on the BBC, however, expressed doubts that the plan was really serious. They said that leaking the story was possibly designed to "force" the American government into taking a stand on Bosnia, and above all, to influence French voters in next month's elections. -Patrick Moore CROATIAN FORCES PUSH SERBS AWAY FROM ZADAR. Western news agencies said on 3-February that Croatian authorities had lifted their red alert for the city of Zadar, which presumably meant that Croatian troops had meanwhile succeeded in pushing Serb forces well out of artillery range of the Adriatic port. Croatian units launched Operation Maslenica on 22-January to recapture and rebuild the Maslenica bridge linking Zagreb and the Dalmatian coast, as well as to retake Zadar's airport at Zemunik and the Peruca dam inland from Split. Croatian President Franjo Tudjman has repeatedly said that his country was impatient with the UN's failure to end Serbian control over large sections of Croatian territory in keeping with the peace plan launched in January 1992. Tudjman has pledged to recapture all territory in the former Yugoslav republic of Croatia, but many observers think he is trying to improve his negotiating position with the UN and impress the Croatian electorate prior to next month's local elections. -Patrick Moore UPDATE ON FIGHTING IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA. The 4 February Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung said that Serbian forces were stepping up a wave of ethnic cleansing in southeastern Herzegovina near Trebinje. The town is a traditional center of Serbian nationalism, but the local Serbs had largely left the Muslim population in peace in the current conflict. The German daily quoted Muslims as saying that "98%" of Trebinje's Serbs were against ethnic cleansing but that Serbian irregulars and other outsiders had forced them to "sell" their homes for $200 and their cars for $12. Meanwhile, The Guardian on 3 February reported that Croatian forces were consolidating their hold on territories assigned to them under the Vance-Owen plan, pressuring the local Muslims to leave and "twisting the arms of the Muslims by treating refugees as hostages." -Patrick Moore ROMANIA AGAIN DENIES PASSAGE THROUGH LOCKS TO SERB BARGES. Romania has again refused to allow two Serb ships towing barges down the Danube to pass through the Iron Gates 2 locks, Rompres and Romanian television said on 3 February. A spokesman for the hydro-electric station which controls the locks said this was the second time the two ships requested right of passage. The ships remained at anchor up the river of the locks. Rompres said Romania repeated on 3 February its request for help from the UN in enforcing the embargo against rump Yugoslavia. -Michael Shafir ROMANIAN PROSECUTOR ON CORNEA'S SUMMONS. A Romanian prosecutor said human rights activist Doina Cornea has been summoned to appear at a "routine hearing to clarify complaints against her" and explain an appeal she made in September 1991 for a general strike to topple President Ion Iliescu, Reuters reported on 3 February. Michael Shafir HAVEL DECLARES AMNESTY. On 3 February, one day after his inauguration as Czech president, Vaclav Havel declared a limited amnesty. CTK reports that the amnesty applies only to those imprisoned for up to three years for crimes of negligence. Only 129 prisoners will be set free as a result of the amnesty. In January 1990, an amnesty declared by Havel after his election as president of the now-defunct Czechoslovakia led to the release of some 30,000 prisoners. Havel was subsequently criticized for his decision because many of the freed prisoners committed criminal acts after their release. -- Jiri Pehe ROMANY LEADERS CALL FOR PROSECUTION OF RACIST GROUPS. Leaders of political and civic groups representing Romanies living in the Czech Republic issued a statement on 3-February in which they urged the government to prosecute racist and fascist groups. CTK reports that the Romany leaders accuse the government of indirectly supporting illegal actions by racist groups and evading responsibility for solving Romanies' social problems. CTK quotes a Romany leader as saying that while Romanies are prosecuted for breaking the law, the same standard is not applied to the "racist and fascist groups of skinheads." Jiri Pehe LITHUANIAN LAW ON CONSTITUTIONAL COURT PASSED. On 3 February the Lithuanian Seimas passed a law on the Constitutional Court, Radio Lithuania reports. The Constitution, approved in a referendum on 25 October 1992, provides that the court, serving in the same way as the US Supreme Court, will rule whether any laws or government decrees conflict with the Constitution or other passed legislation. The court will consist of nine judges, serving nine year terms, one-third rotating every three years. The President, Seimas chairman, and Supreme Court chairman present nominees to the Seimas for confirmation. Seimas Chairman Ceslovas Jursenas said that 32 people have already been nominated for the court. The Supreme Court chairman is charged with administering the oath of office to the President, but it is unclear whether the Seimas will be able to confirm him in time for the first president to be elected on 14 February. -Saulius Girnius ETHNIC MAGYARS UPSET ABOUT STATUE, TV PROGRAMS. Radio Budapest reported on 3 February that a deputy of the Hungarian Democratic Union of Romania has asked that the ban on timely political topics on Romanian Television's Hungarian and German-language programs be rescinded. He called the decision a violation of the Romanian constitution. The radio also reported that a Hungarian parliamentary deputy has asked the Council of Europe to help save the statue of Hungarian king Matthias Corvin in the main square of Transylvania's capital city of Cluj. The city's ultranationalist mayor George Funar, after putting a Romanian-language sign on the statue, has proposed to melt it down as an "act of historical justice." The Bucharest daily Romania Libera found Funar's idea incomprehensible, noting that the statue was on UNESCO's list of historical monuments. -Alfred Reisch MORE BUDGET WOES FOR POLISH GOVERNMENT. The seven-party governing coalition's recent attempts to encourage unity and discipline on budgetary issues were dealt a blow on 3-February, when the Sejm approved revisions to the pensions law that are expected to cost the budget an additional 30 trillion zloty (almost $2 billion). The revisions restore pension privileges for workers in certain onerous occupations. They were passed, over the government's objections, by a margin of only a few votes; forty deputies from the governing coalition were absent at the time. Finance Minister Jerzy Osiatynski said he is counting on the Senate to overturn the Sejm's decision. He lamented that efforts to enforce coalition discipline had failed just as crucial votes on the 1993 budget are approaching. The cabinet met on 3 February to approve a final version of the budget; it agreed to hold the deficit to 81.5-trillion zloty ($5.1 billion), with inflation set at 32%. The government will press the Sejm to suspend earlier votes on pension and public sector wage indexing which increased the deficit by 20 trillion zloty ($1.3-billion). Meanwhile, the fiscal daredevils in the Confederation for an Independent Poland proposed their "alternative budget," with a deficit of more than 140 trillion zloty ($9 billion). -Louisa Vinton UKRAINIAN PARLIAMENT APPROVES ECONOMIC PLAN. The Ukrainian parliament adopted on 3 February an economic plan that promises both financial austerity and active economic restructuring programs. The plan promises to bring the Ukrainian budget deficit down from the current 36% of GNP to 6% this year. It also forbids the state to finance its deficits through printing, providing, rather, for borrowing from commercial or foreign banks and issuing bonds, according to Reuters. Other Western news agencies and Ukrinform-TASS report details of the plan's tax incentives. Enterprises producing goods not currently manufactured in Ukraine will be exempted from certain taxes. Export and import taxes will be eliminated for enterprises fulfilling interstate contracts with other countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States. The plan also intends to channel scarce investment resources to priority branches: energy, consumer goods and export- oriented machine-building. -Erik Whitlock ROMANIAN ECONOMIC FIGURES. Romania released economic figures on 2 February, showing a continued fall in Gross Domestic Product, but also significant growth in the private sector and exports, Reuters and Radio Bucharest reported on the same day. Preliminary data from the National Statistics Board show GDP fell 15-per cent in 1992 from the year before. Industrial output fell for the third year in a row and was almost 22-percent down from 1991. However, the trade deficit narrowed to 938 million US dollars (down from 1,350-million the previous year) and exports increased 13.6-percent over 1991. Private firms contributed a record 26-percent of the exports in 1992, up seven percent from the year before. According to figures released on the same day by the Ministry for Social Protection, unemployment reached 8.5 percent of the active workforce. -Michael Shafir TATARSTAN OPENS TRADE MISSION IN LITHUANIA. On 3 February Tatarstan Vice President Vasilii Likhachev participated in the opening of a trade mission in Kaunas, Radio Lithuania reports. The Tatarstan delegation met with Prime Minister Bronislovas Lubys earlier that day and intends to spend three days in Lithuania visiting the oil refinery in Mazeikiai and the port of Klaipeda. In November 1992 Lithuania and Tatarstan signed a long term agreement on trade, scientific, technical, and cultural cooperation and are preparing to approve a trade and bank cooperation agreement for 1993. Tatarstan is planning to send about 1 million tons of oil in exchange for Lithuanian consumer goods, such as refrigerators, TVs, and furniture. Saulius Girnius UKRAINIAN RATIFICATION OF START-1 INCREASINGLY PROBLEMATIC. The Ukrainian Deputy Minister of Defense, General Colonel Ivan Bizhan told the Kiev newspaper Kievskie vedomosti of 3 February that "in today's economic situation, Ukraine cannot consider the destruction of nuclear weapons its priority task." If other states are interested in seeing the process speeded up, he said, they could help with financial and technical assistance. According to the deputy head of the Ukrainian parliamentary commission on foreign affairs, Bohdan Horyn, as reported in Holos Ukrainy on 3 February, Ukrainian experts estimate that the cost of destroying the nuclear weapons based on Ukrainian territory to be about two billion US dollars, as compared with the $175 million which Washington has offered Kiev for this purpose. That same day, Reuters reported that the chairman of the same commission, Dmytro Pavlychko, said that he does not expect parliament to begin discussing ratification of the START-1 treaty for at least another month. -Bohdan Nahaylo BELARUS PARLIAMENT TO DEMAND COMPENSATION FOR NUKES? ACCORDING TO A REUTERS REPORT OF 3-FEBRUARY, THE LARGEST FACTION OF THE BELARUSIAN PARLIAMENT IS DEMANDING COMPENSATION FOR THE 81 NUCLEAR WARHEADS ON ITS SS-25 MISSILES. The Belarus faction has also reportedly stated that it is "inopportune to rush ratification" of the START- 1 treaty, which was to be debated on 4 February. This position contradicts that of President Stanislau Shushkevich, who recently reaffirmed Belarus' position that the missiles and warheads belong to Russia and must be withdrawn to Russia by the end of 1994. -John Lepingwell BULGARIA, TURKEY SIGN SECURITY AGREEMENT. On 3 February Bulgaria and Turkey signed a security agreement promoting joint measures against drug trafficking, organized crime and terrorism. Quoting the semi-official Anatolian news agency, Reuters in Ankara says the accord envisages exchanges of information, documents and personnel. The agreement was signed by the Bulgarian and Turkish interior ministers, Viktor Mihaylov and Ismet Sezgin. Mihaylov is currently on a five-day visit to Turkey. Kjell Engelbrekt POLAND, UKRAINE SIGN MILITARY AGREEMENT. Polish Defense Minister Janusz Onyszkiewicz and his Ukrainian counterpart, Konstantin Morozov, signed a defense cooperation agreement on 3 February in Kiev. The agreement covers disarmament, training, and information exchanges. At a press conference after the signing, the ministers stressed that the agreement does not represent a military pact and is not directed against any other country. They noted that the two countries are not just neighbors but "strategic partners." On his return to Warsaw, Onyszkiewicz told Polish TV that Poland's primary foreign policy goal remains membership in the EC and NATO, but that "we cannot turn our backs on our eastern neighbors." Onyszkiewicz dismissed as "nonsense" allegations that he had ordered the destruction of files on martial law. These charges were made by ousted Deputy Defense Minister Romuald Szeremietiew as part of the on-going campaign to discredit the president and the government. Louisa Vinton HUNGARIAN-SLOVAK CONSULTATIONS. Slovakia's State Secretary for Foreign Affairs Jan Lisuch and his Hungarian counterpart Janos Martonyi met in Budapest on 3 February to discuss the widening of bilateral ties and regional cooperation, MTI and Radio Budapest report. The two sides agreed to set up soon a joint Hungarian-Slovak national minority committee. Lisuch will lead the Slovak delegation at the trilateral talks on the Gabcikovo hydroelectric project with the EC next week in Brussels. Also on 3 February, a delegation of the Slovak parliament's state and public administration and nationality committee held talks in Budapest with Hungarian parliament chairman Gyorgy Szabad, various Hungarian parliamentary committees, and government officials in charge of minority affairs. -Alfred Reisch LATVIAN-RUSSIAN ACCORD ON LEGAL COOPERATION. Diena reported on 3 February that Latvian and Russian ministers of justice, Viktors Skudra and Nikolai Fyodorov, respectively, have signed an agreement of legal cooperation between their two countries. The accord, which took a year to draft, still has to be ratified by both the Latvian and Russian parliaments. The agreement deals with various issues, including exchange of information, apprehension and extradition of criminals, payment of alimony and inheritance. -Dzintra Bungs EXHUMATION OF SOVIET GRAVES IN LATVIA? ON 2 FEBRUARY THE LATVIAN SUPREME COUNCIL VOTED ON A PLAN TO RESTORE AND MAINTAIN IN GOOD ORDER TWO SYMBOLS OF LATVIA'S INDEPENDENCE: THE STATUE OF LIBERTY IN THE CENTER OF RIGA AND THE CEMETERY OF THE BRETHREN LOCATED ON THE OUTSKIRTS OF RIGA. Though the cemetery had been envisaged as a memorial and last resting place for those who fought for Latvia's independence in 1918-1920, in the 1970s and 1980s scores of Soviet officials were also buried there. In order to restore the original concept of that cemetery, the Latvian legislators approved in principle a plan that would allow for the reburial of some of the Soviet officials elsewhere. Russian media has sharply criticized this plan and claimed that graves of Soviet soldiers who fought Nazi Germany would be exhumed, Diena reported on 3 February. -Dzintra Bungs [As of 1200 CET] Compiled by Hal Kosiba and Anna Sabbat-SwidlickaTHE RFE/RL DAILY REPORT IS PRODUCED BY THE RFE/RL RESEARCH INSTITUTE (A DIVISION OF RADIO FREE EUROPE/RADIO LIBERTY, INC.) with the assistance of the RFE/RL News and Current Affairs Division (NCA). The report is available by electronic mail via LISTSERV (RFERL-L@UBVM.CC.BUFFALO.EDU), on the Sovset' computer bulletin board, by fax, and by postal mail. For inquiries about specific news items, subscriptions, or additional copies, please contact: in USA: Mr. Jon Lodeesen or Mr. Brian Reed, RFE/RL, Inc., 1201 Connecticut Avenue NW, Washington, DC-20036 Telephone: (202) 457-6912 or -6900; fax: (202) 457-6992 or -202-828-8783; Internet: RI-DC@RFERL.ORG or in Europe: Ms. Helga Hofer, Publications Department, RFE/RL Research Institute, Oettingenstrasse 67, 8000 Munich 22; Telephone: (+49 89) 2102-2631 or -2642; fax: (+49 89) 2102-2648, Internet: PD@RFERL.ORG 1992, RFE/RL, Inc. All rights reserved. 1 December 1993 1 1 December 1993 1 RFE/RL Research Institute RFE/RL Daily Report, No. 229 RFE/RL Research Institute RFE/RL Daily Report, No. 229 RFE/RL Research Institute RFE/RL Daily Report, No. 229
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