|One word frees us of all the weight and pain of life: that word is love. - Sophocles|
No. 19, 29 January 1993
RUSSIA CHERNOMYRDIN ON HYPERINFLATION. In his address to the parliament on 28 January, relayed in full by Russian TV, Prime Minister Viktor Chernomyrdin reversed his earlier emphasis on restoring output growth and focused on inflation. "Hyperinflation, which leads to economic catastrophe and the impoverishment of our people, represents the main danger at present." He advocated a balanced budget, indicating future reductions in federal spending and increases in taxes. He revived the Ryzhkov and Gaidar concepts of punitive tax rates on excessive pay increases. Increased social expenditure would be offset by reductions in state subsidies. But he implied that personal savings would be indexed soon. -Keith Bush ZORKIN VS REFERENDUM; COMMUNISTS VS KHASBULATOV. The chairman of the Russian Constitutional Court, Vladimir Zorkin, has suggested in a meeting with journalists that the referendum on Russia's future political system, scheduled for April, should not be held. Russian TV on 27 January quoted him as saying that new elections should be held and that the new Constitution should be adopted only after the economic situation in the country stabilizes. Meanwhile, Megapolis-express reported on the same day that the communist parliament faction "Russian Unity" is collecting signatures for the convening of an extraordinary Congress, during which it wants to attempt to replace parliamentary speaker Ruslan Khasbulatov. Communist deputies have criticized Khasbulatov for standing too close to President Yeltsin. -Alexander Rahr CHERNOMYRDIN CREATES INSPECTORATE IN CABINET. Russian Prime Minister Chernomyrdin has started to build up his own inspectorate in the cabinet staff to monitor the activities of key ministries, Moskovskii komsomolets reported on 27 January. The new administration will employ 100 politically reliable officials and is designed to become a counterweight to the presidential advisory bodies. As a sign of cooperation with the parliament, Chernomyrdin invited parliamentary leaders to take part in cabinet meetings on a regular basis. Chernomyrdin's predecessor, Egor Gaidar, had not favored the presence of parliamentary leaders, who are known for their anti-reformist views, in cabinet sessions. -Alexander Rahr PRIMAKOV OFFERS RUSSIAN MEDIATION ON IRAQ. Evgenii Primakov, chief of Russia's Foreign Intelligence Service, said on 28 January that his agency could organize a special mission to mediate between Iraq and the international community. While noting that Russia's leadership had not issued orders to him to make the mediation offer, Primakov based his proposal on Moscow's belief that it is necessary to use political measures and strictly to adhere to UN resolutions on Iraq, an RFE/RL correspondent reported from Moscow. Primakov played a key role in Moscow's diplomatic efforts to mediate between Iraq and the Allied coalition prior to the liberation of Kuwait in 1991. -Suzanne Crow STATE OF EMERGENCY EXTENDED IN NORTH OSSETIA AND INGUSHETIA. On 28-January the Russian parliament extended the state of emergency on the territory of the North Ossetian SSR and the Ingush republic from 30 January to 31 March 1993, ITAR- TASS reported. The parliament's decree also directed the interim administration in the area to ensure public order during the Ingush presidential elections scheduled for 28 February. Strictly speaking, elections should not be held during a state of emergency, but the Russian parliament has agreed to the presidential elections being held rather than see the population take the matter into its own hands. -Ann Sheehy DUDAEV REVOKES AUTHORITY OF DELEGATION BUT TALKS CONTINUE. Konstantin Eliseev, a spokesman for Sergei Shakhrai, the Russian deputy premier responsible for nationality affairs, told an RFE/RL correspondent in Moscow on 28 January that a note from the Chechen Foreign Minister Shamsudin Yusef to the Russian Foreign Ministry had revoked the authority of a Chechen delegation negotiating in Moscow. There was no explanation for the move and no immediate public confirmation from the Chechen authorities. Eliseev said the talks, aimed at reaching an agreement on a division of powers between Russia and Chechnya, were continuing despite the note, but they were becoming strained. It would not be the first time Dudaev has distanced himself from Chechen negotiators in an apparent desire to keep his options open. -Ann Sheehy RUSSIAN INTELLIGENCE REVEALS PROLIFERATION "BLACK LIST". At a 28 January press conference, Evgenii Primakov, the head of the Russian Intelligence Service, presented a report listing 16 countries that either possessed weapons of mass destruction, or were "on the road" to gaining such weapons. These were Algeria, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Egypt, India, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Libya, North Korea, Pakistan, Syria, South Africa, South Korea and Taiwan. As quoted by ITAR-TASS, Primakov said that neither his service nor its "partners" had evidence that Russian nuclear experts were working in foreign countries, but he warned that unless these scientists were given a normal standard of living, some might seek foreign employment in the future. He denied that there had been any thefts of nuclear weapons or nuclear materials from Russia, and claimed that the mysterious substance "red mercury" was a hoax. -Doug Clarke YELTSIN CONCLUDES TREATY WITH INDIA. On 28-January, the second day of a two-day visit to India, Russian President Yeltsin signed a 20 year friendship and cooperation treaty to replace the 1971 treaty signed by India and the Soviet Union. At a state banquet on 28-January, Yeltsin said "India is a great country and our old partner and ally." For Russia, Yeltsin said, ties with India "are of an absolutely independent and continuous nature," Russian and Western agencies reported. -Suzanne Crow RUSSIA AND INDIA RESOLVE DEBT DISPUTE. Russian President Boris Yeltsin, in New Delhi for negotiations with Indian officials over a broad range of issues, announced that the two countries had successfully resolved their debt dispute, according to Western news agencies on 28 January. At issue was the amount India owed Russia in debt accumulated during the Soviet period, as well the repayment terms of that debt. India had been asking for a more recent, and therefore more advantageous, rupee-ruble conversion rate for valuing the debt in addition to a significant debt write-off. Although Yeltsin gave no details on the settlement, he said that both sides had compromised. -Erik Whitlock RUSSIAN ARMS DEALS WITH INDIA. During President Yeltsin's visit to India, several agreements were reached on arms sales and production. Radio Rossii on 29 January reported that agreement was reached on supplying military spare parts and that further negotiations would be conducted over the sale of Russian diesel submarines to India. Russian TV's "Vesti" on 29-January reported that the two countries had signed an arms deal worth $73 million for aviation and shipbuilding, as well as an agreement on joint production of the MiG-27. The All-India Radio Network also reported that Yeltsin agreed to continue the sale of cryogenic liquid-fuel rocket engines to India, a sale which the US has criticized. -John Lepingwell RUSSIA TO RAISE NATURAL GAS PRICES. The chairman of the Russian state monopoly, Gasprom, Rem Viakhirev, told a news conference in Moscow on 28-January that the Russian government will soon increase gas prices three-fold, according to Reuters and the Wall Street Journal. Enterprise customers will pay 4,000 rubles as compared to the present 1,000 to 1,600 rubles per 1,000 cubic meters. Households will pay twice as much as at present, a future price of about 600-rubles. The new prices are to go into effect on 1-February. The price rises appear to be significantly less than the fivefold increase for which industry managers had reportedly been pressuring the government. -Erik Whitlock RUSSIAN GOVERNMENT CONCERN OVER RADIATION. Russia's Ecology Minister Viktor Danilov-Danilyan said on 28 January at a press conference in Moscow reported by ITAR-TASS that a federal program entitled "Russia's Ecological Safety" would cost over four billion rubles to implement. The minister revealed that many regions of Russia met neither Russian nor foreign ecological standards and that about 100,000 Russian citizens were living in conditions of excessive radioactivity. On 27 January, a conference on radiation safety opened in St. Petersburg attended by Russian government officials, an RFE/RL correspondent reported. According to a report in The Independent on 25 January, Russia has decided to build more nuclear power stations in order to increase its current nuclear energy capacity of 20-million kilowatts to 37 million by the year 2010. -Sheila Marnie and Wendy Slater NEW BLACK SEA FLEET CHIEF OFF TO CONCILIATORY START. Vice Admiral Eduard Baltin, the new Commander-in-Chief of the "Joint Russian-Ukrainian Fleet on the Black Sea," conducted a conference of the Fleet's military council on 28 January, according to ITAR-TASS. Baltin informed the council that he had met with both Russian and Ukrainian defense ministers before arriving in Sevastopol and both had expressed their willingness to visit the fleet to resolve outstanding questions. Russian TV's "Vesti" on 29 January reported that 10% of the fleet's officers, NCOs, and sailors had taken the oath of allegiance to Ukraine.-Doug Clarke and John Lepingwell LAW ON INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY ADOPTED. The Russian parliament adopted at its first reading a law on intellectual property, ITAR-TASS reported on 27 January. The new law codifies the copyright regulations on scientific, literary, and visual intellectual property, according to the international standards established by the Berne, Geneva and Rome copyright conventions. The new law establishes more stringent penalties for pirating intellectual property. Experts estimate that about 90% of intellectual products on the Russian market, including computer software and video films, originate from pirated sources. The new law will supplement a law on computer software and data banks adopted by the Russian parliament in 1992. -Victor Yasmann TRANSCAUCASIA AND CENTRAL ASIA GAS SUPPLIED TO ARMENIA TO RESUME ON 30-JANUARY? GEORGIAN PARLIAMENTARY CHAIRMAN EDUARD SHEVARDNADZE STATED ON 28 JANUARY THAT GEORGIAN ENGINEERS HAD SUCCEEDED IN SETTING UP AN EMERGENCY GAS SUPPLY PIPELINE TO ARMENIA TO REPLACE THE ONE DAMAGED ON 23JANUARY, WESTERN AGENCIES REPORTED. Georgian officials further reported that one man had been arrested in connection with the pipeline explosion, and that he was not an ethnic Georgian. The population of the area where the explosion took place is 90% Azerbaijani. Georgian-Azerbaijani relations are currently under strain due to Azerbaijani charges that Georgia is discriminating against its Azerbaijani minority. -Liz Fuller OPPOSITION LEADER FREED IN UZBEKISTAN. Abdumanap Pulatov, chairman of Uzbekistan's Human Rights Association and younger brother of Abdurakhim Pulatov, head of the opposition movement Birlik, was freed by an Uzbek court on 28 January, although the court declared that he was guilty of the charge on which he had been arrested. The younger Pulatov told an RFE/RL correspondent about his release in an exclusive interview in which he credited his release to the intervention of foreign human rights organizations. He was abducted from a human rights conference in Bishkek by Uzbek law enforcement officials and charged with (Kyrgyzstan) having insulted the President of Uzbekistan. -Bess Brown CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE CROATIAN SITUATION UPDATE. Croat forces captured the Peruca hydroelectric dam from Serbs and are pushing forward towards Knin, capital of the "Serbian Republic of Krajina." According to Radio Croatia, retreating Serbs detonated mines at the dam's base but there is no danger of the dam breaking. According to ISKRA, the Krajina Serb news agency, several political parties in Serbia, Vuk Draskovic's Serbian Renewal Movement and Vojislav Seselj's Serbian Radical Party have sent volunteers to join Krajina Serb militia units. At a 28-January news conference in Zagreb, UNPROFOR commander Gen. Satish Nambiar called the Croat offensive in the Zadar region "foolhardy, rash, and ill- advised." -Milan Andrejevich BOSNIAN IMPASSE. International mediators in Geneva are trying to break a deadlock by calling for a new meeting with the three warring parties in Bosnia-Herzegovina. Spokesman Fred Eckhard denied reports that the mediators will present their plan on a "take it or leave it basis" but did say that the UN might be asked to impose a peace settlement "even if one or two of the parties had not signed on." Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic said an accord could be reached as early as next weekend. Bosnian Foreign Minister Haris Silajdzic said the fighting in Bosnia makes negotiations impossible. Despite several cease-fire agreements, Bosnian Croat and Muslim forces clashed in the Mostar region. Muslim and Serbs forces are engaged in heavy fighting in eastern Bosnia near the Serbian border, and Bosnian officials report that Serb authorities in Trebinje have ordered all Muslim residents to leave town by noon on 30 January. Radios Croatia and Serbia carried the reports. -Milan Andrejevich SECOND SANCTION-BREAKING CONVOY REACHES SERBIAN WATERS. The Romanian border authorities said on 28 January that a second convoy of oil barges sailed into Serbian Danube waters on the same day. A spokesman told AFP that the Serbian tug and its four barges entered Serbian waters after refusing to stop at Romanian and Bulgarian checkpoints. The command said that three other convoys are heading towards Serbia and that the Romanian authorities are preparing to stop them on the river. Radio Bucharest said Romania has told the ambassador of rump Yugoslavia that the captains of the tugboats must be told to obey orders to halt. The ambassador was warned that Romania and Bulgaria will cooperate on all measures to halt at the Vidin-Calafat frontier point the tugboats still heading for Serbia. Romanian and Bulgarian border guard officers met on 28 January to coordinate measures for stopping the tugboats. Speaking to Western ambassadors in Sofia, Bulgarian Prime Minister Lyuben Berov called on the international community to stop sanction-breaking at the source by not allowing the barges to load the fuel in the first place, BTA reports. Berov stressed that, if the Serbian crews carry out their threat to set the barges on fire, the ecological effects on the Danube would be devastating. -Michael Shafir and Kjell Engelbrekt ALBANIAN DEFENSE MINISTER ON KOSOVO. According to Radio Serbia on 28 January, Albanian Defense Minister Safet Xhulali said his country has no territorial claims on Kosovo but questions whether the province is an integral part of Serbia. "Albania does not regard Kosovo as an integral part of its territory, but if Kosovo must be a part of Serbia, then Albania demands that all its compatriots there must have international guarantees that their human and minority rights will be respected," Xhulali said in an interview with a Hungarian daily. He also said that his country favors demilitarization of Kosovo and deployment of a UN peacekeeping force there. -Milan Andrejevich MECIAR NOT TO ATTEND HAVEL'S INAUGURATION. Slovak TV reported on 28 January that Prime Minister Vladimir Meciar will not attend new Czech President Vaclav Havel's inauguration on 2 February. Anna Nagy, the spokeswoman of the prime minister, was quoted as saying that Meciar "is too preoccupied with work duties." Immediately after his election on 27-January, Havel said that he would appreciate Meciar's presence at the ceremony. Czech Prime Minister Vaclav Klaus sent a formal invitation to Meciar to attend the inauguration, but Slovak TV reports that it was turned down. It is not yet clear who will represent the Slovak leadership at the ceremony. -Jan Obrman KNAZKO ON DISPUTES OVER FOREIGN POLICY. In an interview with Narodna obroda published on 29-January, Slovak Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister Milan Knazko said that the building of the future Slovak foreign policy has been complicated by a series of "incompetent and radical remarks." Evidently referring to his disputes with Prime Minister Meciar over Slovak foreign policy, Knazko added that if such comments continue, Slovakia will come to be viewed as an unreliable partner. The foreign minister also indicated in the interview that he has no intention of initiating a split within the ruling Movement for a Democratic Slovakia. Knazko had been quoted in recent days as charging the Slovak leadership with "certain authoritarian attitudes." After Parliament failed to elect a president on 28 January, Prime Minister Meciar pointed out that Knazko had "grossly violated party discipline" of the MDS. -Jan Obrman WALESA WANTS FILES OPENED. President Lech Walesa requested on 28 January that the head of Poland's Supreme Court review Internal Affairs Ministry files and issue an unambiguous ruling on allegations that he collaborated with the communist secret police. One day earlier Walesa appealed to Internal Affairs Minister Andrzej Milczanowski to make available all files collected on him to an independent, non-partisan evaluation. Walesa asked that secrecy restrictions be lifted because of the nature of the accusations made against the head of state. Meanwhile, the president's accusers-supporters of the ousted government of Prime Minister Jan Olszewski-prepared for their "March on Belweder," scheduled for 29-January, to demand Walesa's resignation. At a rally in Katowice on 27January, former Defense Minister Jan Parys told a chanting crowd of 2,500 people that "we are ruled by agents who have cheated us." Solidarity's Network, the association of union locals from large state firms, issued a statement expressing their distress that "instead of presenting their arguments in parliament, a handful of political bankrupts is attempting to satisfy its overgrown political ambitions on Warsaw's streets." -Louisa Vinton POLAND'S 1993 BUDGET HITS SNARES. Rzeczpospolita reported on 28 January that the Sejm's economic policy committee has requested the government to revise its proposed 1993 budget. The government is reportedly resisting this pressure. The Sejm has upset the government's calculations by voting down several budget-related proposals to cut spending and raise revenues. In addition, the Sejm's budget committee has proposed raising spending by 20 trillion zloty ($1.3billion). Finance ministry officials say this would mean a dramatic increase in the deficit and dangerous levels of inflation. In other economic news, the finance ministry announced that home heating costs would rise 26% and electricity for businesses 12% on 1 February. Gasoline prices are also expected to rise 8% at the end of January. Officials said the price hikes are necessary to keep pace with inflation. They are expected to prompt a 3% increase in the overall price level. Three additional gasoline price hikes are planned for 1993. Finally, former finance minister and presidential adviser Andrzej Olechowski was appointed on 28 January to supervise the privatization of the petrochemical industry. -Louisa Vinton CORNEA SUMMONED BY ROMANIAN PROSECUTOR. Doina Cornea, a leading dissident under Ceausescu and a prominent opponent of the postrevolution regime, has been summoned to the chief prosecutor to answer accusations of undermining state power. An RFE/RL correspondent said that Cornea was ordered to come in on 8 February to answer charges in connection with two articles in the criminal code banning armed and other violent action aimed at weakening state power. Cornea told reporters on 27 January that these articles should rather be applied to those responsible for the deaths of more that 1,000 persons in December 1989-an allusion to President Ion Iliescu and his associates. She said she does not intend to defend herself against the accusations. -Michael Shafir ROMANIAN-HUNGARIAN PARLEYS. Following talks on 26-28 January in Bucharest with a Hungarian delegation, the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs said they had reviewed their May 1992 aide-memoire and further discussed a Hungarian-Romanian treaty. The ministry said that some progress had been registered, but apparently not on items raised earlier by the Hungarian side "unilaterally"-i.e., an agreement on consulates and the problem of the Hungarian minority in Romania. The Romanians made new proposals on border issues and the status of national minorities. They called the talks "pragmatic and open." -Michael Shafir NEW HUNGARIAN AGRICULTURAL SUBSIDIES ANNOUNCED. The Cabinet has decided to give 7.4-billion forint ($87 million) in new subsidies to agricultural producers, MTI reports. The new aid will provide loan guarantees, interest rate adjustments, and direct cash supports. Maize, wheat, and vegetable growers will be affected. With the new help, total agricultural subsidies will amount to 20-25 billion forint in 1993, Agriculture Minister Elemer Gergatz said. Gergatz is rumored to be on the list of ministers to be replaced by Prime Minister Jozsef Antall in a government shakeup. -Karoly Okolicsanyi BULGARIAN ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE. Data just released by the National Statistical Institute show a 20% reduction in overall production and a 22% drop in industrial output for 1992, according to Duma of 28-January. One of the few positive trends was observed in private farming, but food production in state enterprises fell sharply. The new figures seem to confirm that the Bulgarian economy is gradually deteriorating despite reform efforts. Recent Western studies suggest that performance hit bottom in 1992, which means that official Bulgarian statistics may tend to exaggerate negative trends by failing to take developments in the private sector fully into account. However, NSI officials assured Duma that its figures cover everything but the illegal economy. Other data reveal that 46% of the property claimed by the former owners of nationalized homes, shops, and other small businesses has now been restored. -Kjell Engelbrekt RUKH VERSUS UKRAINIAN COMMUNISTS. Rukh leader Vyacheslav Chornovil told a press conference in Kiev that his organization now intends to support President Leonid Kravchuk and Prime Minister Leonid Kuchma, DR-Press reported on 28 January. Chornovil also said that Rukh will begin another referendum campaign in the spring on dissolution of the parliament. And, should the situation in the country worsen, Rukh is prepared to add another question to the referendum regarding support for the dissolution of the Communist Party. -Roman Solchanyk BELARUS REJECTS PRIVATIZATION SCHEME. Parliament has rejected a plan to distribute privatization vouchers to the population, which would entitle all citizens to a stake in state enterprises, according to Reuters on 28 January. Such schemes have already been introduced in Russia and Ukraine. This is the latest in a series of decisions that show the reluctance of Parliament to take decisive steps towards a market economy. It follows last week's adoption of an economic program that relies heavily on central control of the economy. Earlier this month Parliament also rejected legislation on private land ownership. Agrarian deputies are reported to be the most vocal opponents of the voucher scheme, while industrialists are said to favor limited privatization, with state property being sold to those able to pay for it. -Sheila Marnie BELARUS ARMS SALES. According to Russian TV's "Vesti" of 29 January, Belarusian First Deputy Minister of Defense Aleksandr Tushinski stated that Belarus will begin a cautious program of conversion while continuing to export arms. Belarus can sell tanks, tank parts, and firearms. Production of a version of the Israeli Uzi submachine gun is also being considered. -John Lepingwell "DNIESTER REPUBLIC" SHELTERS OFFICERS SOUGHT BY LATVIA. On 26 January the supreme soviet of the "Dniester republic" unanimously voted to express confidence in the minister of state security and the deputy minister of internal affairs and to deny Latvia's request for their extradition, Basapress reports. The two officials, who go by the name of Shevtsov and Matveev in Tiraspol but were known as Antyufev and Goncharenko as officers of the Riga OMON, are among 13 fugitive OMON officers wanted for trial on criminal charges in Latvia in connection with their actions in the events of January and August 1991. -Vladimir Socor RUSSIA BUYS LATVIAN RUBLES TO PAY ITS RETIRED MILITARY. Ilmars Rimsevics, vice president of the Bank of Latvia, told an RFE/RL correspondent in Riga on 20 January that Russia has purchased Latvian rubles for $5 million in order to pay the pensions of its retired officers living in Latvia. The action was a first and was necessitated by the fact that the only legal tender in Latvia is the Latvian ruble, worth about three Russian rubles. This raises the question of how long Russia will be willing to pay hard currency for military pensions. -Dzintra Bungs MORE MOVEMENT ON ESTONIAN-RUSSIAN BORDER? ESTONIA IS READY FOR "SERIOUS COMPROMISE" IF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION RECOGNIZES THE BORDER SET DOWN IN THE 1920 TARTU PEACE TREATY, ACCORDING TO VELLO SAATPALU, CHAIRMAN OF THE PARLIAMENTARY FOREIGN AFFAIRS COMMITTEE. Saatpalu told BNS on 28 February that in a Moscow meeting the day before, he had told his Russian counterpart, Evgenii Ambartsumov, that Russia need not make a formal statement, rather Russia's acceptance of the Tartu border as a legal point of departure in negotiations would suffice. A draft Estonian government proposal setting out just such terms for jump-starting talks with Russia has been circulating in Estonian government and parliamentary circles for three weeks. -Riina Kionka PARLIAMENTARY COMPROMISE ON ESTONIAN BUDGET. Representatives of the governing coalition and the opposition have reached a compromise on Estonia's budgetary stalemate, according to Postimees of 27 January. Leaders of the opposing factions met on 25-January to hammer out a procedural compromise that they hope will break an ongoing pattern of political maneuvering and filibustering over the budget. For the last several weeks the Center Faction-led opposition has attacked on the Pro Patria-led governing coalition's draft 1993 budget, threatening to stall approval until the end of February, when the constitution will mandate new elections. -Riina Kionka BRAZAUSKAS PUBLISHES CAMPAIGN PLATFORM. On 28 January Tiesa published the presidential platform of Lithuanian Democratic Labor Party chairman Algirdas Brazauskas, BNS reports. It calls for changes not only in the process of the implementation of reforms, but also in the legislation regulating them. The main objectives of the economic reform are: "straightforward privatization, use of economic and financial control leverage, adoption of an updated tax system encouraging production and entrepreneurship, and introduction of the republic's own currency." Foreign policy will be "pragmatic, aimed at protecting state interests and promoting peaceful coexistence with all of its neighboring states." "Lithuania is not the adversary of any country, nor does it have any territorial claims," the document says. -Saulius Girnius MAZEIKIAI REFINERY SIGNS CONTRACT WITH LUKOIL. On 28 January Vagit Alekperov, president of the Siberian oil concern Lukoil, signed a contract with the Mazeikiai facility to process 6 million tons of oil this year, Radio Lithuania reports. At a press conference after the signing Prime Minister Bronislovas Lubys noted that the agreement is beneficial to Lithuania, since these deliveries will represent about half of the refinery's annual production. The facility will retain one-fifth of the oil as payment. -Saulius Girnius [As of 1200 CET] Compiled by Wendy Slater and Charles TrumbullTHE RFE/RL DAILY REPORT IS PRODUCED BY THE RFE/RL RESEARCH INSTITUTE (A DIVISION OF RADIO FREE EUROPE/RADIO LIBERTY, INC.) with the assistance of the RFE/RL News and Current Affairs Division (NCA). The report is available by electronic mail via LISTSERV (RFERL-L@UBVM.CC.BUFFALO.EDU), on the Sovset' computer bulletin board, by fax, and by postal mail. 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