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No. 8, 14 January 1993
RUSSIA RUSSIA SUPPORTS ALLIED AIR STRIKES AGAINST IRAQ. The Russian Foreign Ministry (MFA) issued a statement at midday on 14 January in support of the Allied air strikes against military targets in Iraq on the previous day. "We had hoped that Iraq would respec t the will of the international community and military action could be avoided," the MFA statement said, adding: "unfortunately, that did not happen." Commenting further on Baghdad's stance, the Russian statement expressed the hope that "this time the Ira qi leadership will listen to .-.-. the UN Security Council," Reuters reported. Russia's response came significantly later than the responses from other capitals around the world, indicating possible disagreement among members of the government on how to respond. Illustrative of the diversity of opinions in Russia was a vote in the Russian parliament on 14-January to debate the withdrawal of two Russian warships from the allied force in the Gulf in protest of the 13 January raid. Suzanne Crow SECURITY COUNCIL DISCUSSES NORTH CAUCASUS. A session of the Russian Federation Security Council on 13 January discussed the need to stabilize the situation in the North Caucasus. According to Presidential Press Secretary Vyacheslav Kostikov, it was unders cored at the meeting that human rights must be defended in the North Caucasus, regardless of nationality. At the same time, the session highlighted the need to protect the territorial integrity of the region as well as its public institutions, Interfax re ported. Suzanne Crow RUSSIAN GENERAL ON WITHDRAWAL FROM GEORGIA. Russian Deputy Defense Minister Georgii Kondratev on 13 January called for conclusion of an interstate treaty between Georgia and Russia that would determine the status of Russian troops in Georgia, Interfax re ported. While suggesting that Russian troops ought to be withdrawn from Georgia soon after such an agreement is reached, Kondratev cautioned that Moscow was not prepared to remove military units from Abkhazia in the immediate future, as Tbilisi has demand ed. Kondratev also said that, in accordance with a Russian parliament resolution of 25 December, Russian units would not hand over weapons to the Georgian side until the Georgian-Abkhazian conflict is resolved. He said that the situation for Russian tr oops in Georgia is becoming increasingly intolerable. Stephen Foye RUSSIAN OFFICERS' UNION PLANS MEETING; CHARGES FIRINGS POLITICAL. The organizing committee set up by the Russian Officer's Union on 10 January called for a national meeting of military officers in Moscow in mid-February. Interfax reported that this national meeting would be preceded by meetings in all the military units throughout Russia, to be held prior to 10 February. The report said that the national meeting would discuss armed forces reform and receive reports on the implementation of social security p rograms for military personnel. On 12 January, some 50 present and former officers claiming to represent the organizing committee held a press conference at which they charged that some 25,000 officers had recently been fired from the Russian military becaus e of political disagreements with the government. Western agencies quoted the group as accusing Defense Minister Pavel Grachev of engaging in policies which led to the dismantling, disorganization, and demoralization of the military. Doug Clarke RUSSIAN OFFICERS UNION REJECTS START-2, DISARMAMENT. The leader of the Russian Officer's Union, Stanislav Terekhov, predicted that officers participating in a future national meeting would decisively reject the START2 Treaty and "the entire process of disa rmament," Russian radio ("Ekho") reported on 13 January. Terekhov was a member this past fall of the organizing committee for the forming of the National Salvation Front, which is largely composed of hard-line communists and extreme nationalists, and he h as, on various occasions, called for the ouster of Defense Minister Grachev and for the overthrow of the Russian government. Stephen Foye RUSSIAN AND UKRAINIAN LEADERS MEETING. The prime ministers of Russia and Ukraine are meeting in Moscow on 14 January and are expected to sign bilateral agreements on energy and economic relations, Russian and Ukrainian media report. Their meeting will be followed by a Russian-Ukrainian summit meeting in Moscow on 15 January. Economic issues and problems connected with nuclear arms are reported to top the agenda. Bohdan Nahaylo RUSSIAN-UKRAINIAN DISPUTE DELAYS RESCHEDULING. A US Treasury official has said that the dispute between Russia and Ukraine over the assumption of the external debt of the former Soviet Union is delaying a deal that would reschedule repayment of more than $ 15 billion's worth of that debt service, Western agencies reported on 13 January. Russia has announced that it cannot meet this week with the Paris Club of Western creditor-nations because the dispute has not yet been resolved, but indicated that a meeti ng later this month may be possible. Keith Bush RUSSIA TO SELL ENERGY WITHIN CIS AT WORLD PRICES. Effective 1 January, the Russian government has decided to sell oil and gas at world prices to the members of the Commonwealth of Independent States, Georgia, and the Baltic nations, Interfax reported on 1 3-January. The prices will be based on an exchange rate of 425 rubles to the US dollar during the first quarter of 1993. This means that the selling prices of petroleum, diesel oil, and fuel oil will be 85,000 rubles, 68,000 rubles, and 34,000 rubles a ton respectively. "World prices will, however, be paid only by those republics of the former Soviet Union with which Russia does not have inter-governmental agreements establishing special price levels." Interfax did not specify which former Soviet republics currently have agreements with Russia establishing special prices, but it is known that Russian and Ukraine do have such an agreement. Keith Bush RUTSKOI AND RUMYANTSEV JOIN FORCES. The People's Party of Free Russia, led by Russian Vice President Aleksandr Rutskoi, and the Russian Social-Democratic Center, headed by Oleg Rumyantsev, have signed an political cooperation agreement, Rossiiskaya gazeta reported on 13 January. Representatives of both parties stressed the need to consolidate centrist forces and stated that their aim is to change the structure of the cabinet so that it is no longer completely subordinated to the president. Rumyantsev told journalists that new mechanisms should be created to influence political decision-making. The pact between Rutskoi and Rumyantsev also strengthens the Civic Union. (Alexander Rahr) YELTSIN ORDERS STRENGTHENING CONTROL OVER PUBLIC ORGANIZATIONS. President Yeltsin issued a decree on 13 January "On Strengthening Control over the Creation and Activities of Public Organizations," ITAR-TASS reported. Among other groups, political parties are also called "public organizations" in Russian bureaucratic language. The decree orders that federal and local government officials be more careful than previously in checking whether the founding documents of public organizations applying for registra tion are constitutional. It instructs Russia's procurator general to keep close track of whether public organizations are observing laws. The decree also recommends that the Russian parliament speed up its work on legislation concerning the activities of public organizations. These activities are still regulated by Soviet law. Vera Tolz FOREIGN POLICY COMMISSION APPROVED. At the 13 January session of the Russian Federation Security Council, the Security Council approved a provision on the operation of an Inter-Departmental foreign commission headed by Security Council Secretary Yurii Sko kov, Interfax reported. The commission was established by a decree signed by Boris Yeltsin on 16 December. Previously, Yeltsin had decreed that the Russian Foreign Minister would be responsible for coordinating Russian foreign policy among the various gov ernment departments. Suzanne Crow RUSSIA SIGNS CHEMICAL WEAPONS CONVENTION. Foreign Minister Andrei Kozyrev signed the United Nations Convention of Chemical Weapons on behalf of Russia in Paris 13 January. In remarks quoted by ITAR-TASS, Kozyrev said that the convention was an outstandin g achievement of multilateral diplomacy which laid the basis for openness, verification, and cooperation in the field of security on a global scale. He likened the convention and the recently-signed START-2 strategic arms agreement to the "seizing of tw o Bastilles." Doug Clarke US AND RUSSIA TO "SYNCHRONIZE" TREATY RATIFICATION. Interfax on 13 January reported that it had been told by a member of the Russian Foreign Ministry that, "for a number of reasons," the Russian and American governments planned to "synchronize" the rat ification process of the START-2 strategic arms treaty in the Russian parliament and the U.S. Congress. The report added that the treaty would probably be included in the agenda of the Russian parliament session scheduled for the week of 18 January. Do ug Clarke TRANSCAUCASIA & CENTRAL ASIA RUSSIA AND UKRAINE SIGN ARMS PRODUCTION AGREEMENTS. Viktor Antonov, Ukraine's minister for machine-building, the military-industrial complex, and conversion, and Viktor Glukhigh, the chairman of the Russian committee on the defense branches of indust ry, were reported by Interfax on 13 January to have signed several agreements on cooperation in the fields of defense production and conversion. Missile construction, radio-electronics, communications equipment, and civilian production were listed as some of the topics covered. Antonov was said to have told journalists that a similar package of documents had been signed last April, but the "pro-Russia" command of the CIS Joint Armed Forces had impeded their implementation. Doug Clarke TAJIK OFFICIAL DENIES EXECUTION STORIES. The Deputy Chairman of Tajikistan's Supreme Soviet, Abdurakhmon Mukhtashev, told Interfax on 13 January that reports of executions of opposition members in Dushanbe are false. Western correspondents have repo rted numerous eyewitness accounts of such executions since the present Tajik government installed itself in Dushanbe in early December. According to the Interfax report, members of the Tajik opposition repeated the charges at a recent press conference in Moscow. ITAR-TASS reported on 13-January that Tajik government forces have taken control of the town of Rogun, site of a major hydroelectric project. Meanwhile, 30,000 refugees are reported to still be on the Afghan border. Bess Brown REPORT OF PLANNED TBILISI COUP ATTEMPT DENIED. Georgian Defense Minister Tengiz Kitovani told "Vesti" on 13 January that rumors he had planned a coup attempt against Georgian parliament chairman Eduard Shevardnadze were totally without foundation, ITAR-T ASS reported. A similar denial was made by Shevardnadze himself to the Georgian parliament. Georgian National Democratic Party chairman Giorgi Chanturia had claimed in an article printed in Svobodnaya Gruziya on 12 January that Kitovani had planned to se ize power on 7 January but had abandoned the idea at the last minute for unknown, reasons. Liz Fuller OVERHAUL OF GOVERNMENTAL ECONOMIC STRUCTURES IN KAZAKHSTAN. A National Council for Economic Reform has been created in Kazakhstan to oversee the reform of the country's economy and institute anticrisis measures, Interfax reported on 13 January. The new c ouncil is to consist of the Ministers of Finance and Economy, the chairman of the board of Kazakhstan's National Bank, and the chairmen of the Committees on State Property and Antimonopoly Policies. On 1 January a new ministry of the economy was cr eated to replace the former State Economic Committee, and Beisenbai Izteleutov, who chaired President Nursultan Nazarbaev's Supreme Economic Council, which drew up the guidelines for Kazakhstan's reforms, has been appointed Minister of the Economy. Bess Brown CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE REACTIONS IN BELGRADE TO BOSNIAN PEACE PLAN. Political parties in Serbia are divided between total support and condemnation of the decision of Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic to accept the UN-EC mediated peace plan for Bosnia-Herzegovina subject to a pproval by the Assembly of the self-proclaimed Serb Republic in Bosnia. Karadzic said the assembly should rule on the matter within seven days. Vuk Draskovic, head of the Serbian Renewal Movement, said he supports Karadzic's move and called his action a h opeful step toward ending war. He warned that the proposed map dividing Bosnia into ten provinces is unacceptable and that Bosnia's Serbs will have to insist on a more equitable division of territory. Vojislav Seselj, head of the Serbian Radical Party, de scribed Karadzic's acceptance of the plan as tantamount to asking the Bosnian Serb assembly to "dissolve itself and abolish the Bosnian Serb Republic." He warned if the Bosnian Serbs are not guaranteed a corridor linking northern Bosnia with the self-proc laimed Serb Krajina Republic in Croatia and Serbia proper "there will be more war." Milos Radulovic, president of the Chamber of Republics of the federal parliament, welcomed Karadzic's action, saying it reduces the risk that the war will spread. Radio Se rbia carried the report on 13 January. -Milan Andrejevich REACTIONS IN BOSNIA. Karadzic said that approval by the Bosnian Serb assembly will be difficult to achieve, but feels that the plan will pass. Biljana Plavsic, vice president of the Bosnian Serb assembly, told reporters that the assembly will not accept t he plan. Bosnian Foreign Minister Haris Silajdzic told the BBC that the Bosnian Muslims have agreed in principle to the plan but are opposed to the map dividing the republic because it favors the Bosnian Serbs and gives them territory which "the Serbs hav e ethnically cleansed." Bosnian President Alija Izetbegovic claimed a victory over the Serbs, saying that the Serbian side had to give up its demand for an independent Bosnian Serb republic. Radio Bosnia commented "In sum, whoever does not sign the remain ing Geneva documents will regret it-but so will the one who does sign." Radios Bosnia and Serbia carried the reports on 13 January. -Milan Andrejevich CLASHES BETWEEN BOSNIAN MUSLIMS AND CROATS. On 12 and 13 January Croatian TV and Radio Bosnia reported clashes in the central Bosnian town of Gornji Vakuf between Muslim and Croatian forces. Local Muslim leaders fear the spread of violence around the Most ar region in Herzegovina. To alleviate the tension and prevent clashes between the units of the Croatian Defense Council and the units of the Muslim-dominated Bosnian Army in central Bosnia, a commission has been formed to work with UNPROFOR representativ es in an attempt to calm the situation. Several local Croat and Muslim leaders are claiming that the incidents are instigated by Bosnian Serb forces. -Milan Andrejevich ROMANIA CALLS FOR UN HELP TO FREE DETAINED SHIP. A Foreign Ministry spokeswoman said on 13-January that Romania has asked the UN Security Council for urgent help to free five of its ships detained by Serbian authorities in ports on the Danube. Belgrade agr eed last week to free the vessels but later refused to release them allegedly because of sailing conditions on the Danube made difficult by ice floes. The Serbs suggested that the vessels would have to spend the winter in port. The ships were detained earli er this month in the ports of Belgrade, Bezdan and Novi Sad in what is seen as an act of retaliation for Romania's enforcement of the UN sanctions against the rump Yugoslav state. -Dan Ionescu EC ACTION URGED ON MACEDONIA. On 13 January Danish Foreign Minister Uffe Ellemann-Jensen called for EC countries to press Greece to end its campaign against recognition of the Republic of Macedonia. In Paris to chair a special meeting of EC foreign minist ers, Ellemann-Jensen noted that he would ask his Greek counterpart "very serious questions," AFP reports. He also expressed the hope that the UN Security Council will act expeditiously on Macedonia's application for United Nations membership. -Duncan Per ry MEDIA WAR DIVIDES HUNGARIAN JOURNALISTS. On 13 January the presidium of the National Federation of Hungarian Journalists issued a statement protesting government encroachments on the independence of radio and TV, MTI reports. The federation, which was con trolled by the communist party until 1988, charges that preparations for a personnel purge have already begun. The Federation of Hungarian Journalists, a postcommunist journalists' association that is ideologically close to the government, reacted by decl aring that two years after the multiparty elections the radio and TV continue to misinform the public and that "a change of regime" in these areas is needed. The federation greeted the resignations of the media chiefs as "an encouraging first step" toward objective reporting. -Edith Oltay ROMANIAN NATIONALISTS URGE BAN ON ETHNIC HUNGARIAN PARTY. In a statement broadcast by Radio Bucharest on 13 January, the ultranationalist Party of Romanian National Unity (PRNU) urged authorities to ban the Hungarian Democratic Federation of Romania (HDFR ), a party representing the country's ethnic Hungarian minority. The HDFR is expected to start a three-day congress in Brasov on 15 January. The PRNU statement, signed by its controversial chairman, Cluj Mayor Gheorghe Funar, accuses participants in the p lanned congress of seeking "to achieve territorial autonomy and tear Romania apart." HDFR leader Geza Domokos rejected the accusations as a diversion meant to shift public attention from Romania's current problems. -Dan Ionescu UNEMPLOYMENT IN HUNGARY. According to the latest data published by the Ministry of Labor and reported by MTI 663,000 people were out of work at the end of 1992, which corresponds to an unemployment rate of 12,2%. This is a significant increase over 1990 a nd 1991, when the number stood at 80,000 and 406,000, respectively. Only 450,000 persons are receiving unemployment benefits, and as of 1 January the jobless are entitled to benefits only for 12 months. Previously benefits were paid for 24 and 18 months. Unemployed no longer entitled to benefits will be able to apply to the local governments for social aid. The Ministry predicts that the number of unemployed will continue to climb reaching 900,000 by the end of this year. -Edith Oltay SLOVAKIA, AUSTRIA SIGN ECONOMIC COOPERATION ACCORD. Slovak Economy Minister Ludovit Cernak and Austrian Economy Minister Wolfgang Schuessel signed a wide-ranging agreement on economic cooperation. Reuters reported on 13 January that the agreement focuses on environmental technology, energy, chemicals, petrochemicals, and research. The agreement is the first to be signed by Slovakia since it became an independent state on 1 January. Austria is Slovakia's third biggest trading partner and the biggest investo r in Slovakia. At a press conference in Vienna, Cernak praised the agreement. He also confirmed that Slovakia plans to privatize the Gabcikovo hydroelectric power plant on the Danube as well as its nuclear power plant at Mochovce. -Jiri Pehe BULGARIA UNDER IMF REVIEW. An IMF team arriving in Sofia on 13 January will spend ten days discussing Bulgaria's financial outlook with officials in the new government. New Minister of Finance Stoyan Aleksandrov stated recently that the IMF's policies are too restrictive and indicated that Bulgaria might withdraw from the world organization, Western and Bulgarian sources report. Aleksandrov's proposed budget includes an 18,000-million deficit, well above the level desired by the IMF. -Duncan Perry IMF DELAYS POLISH AGREEMENT. Gazeta Wyborcza reported on 13 January that the IMF has decided to postpone final approval for its new agreement with Poland because of recent Sejm votes that called into question the agreed ceiling for the 1993 budget deficit . Rzeczpospolita said that the Polish government agreed to the postponement at the beginning of January. Polish negotiators said that final agreement is unlikely before the Sejm votes its approval for the 1993 budget, which is not expected before February . The reports may be intended to induce fiscal self-discipline in the Sejm. -Louisa Vinton MAJOR POLISH PRIVATIZATION DEALS. In the largest debt-relief operation so far undertaken in Poland, the government has agreed to transfer control of the Szczecin Shipyard, which employs 5,000, to a consortium of banks and firms. The shipyard's debts of 1, 800 billion zloty ($115 million) will be cut by a third; in return, four banks will receive 30% ownership. Employees, investors, and the state treasury will take over the rest. Polish Development Bank president Wojciech Kostrzewa told Polish TV on 13 Janu ary that the transfer of management oversight from bureaucrats to banks is an step forward economically. The deal saves the shipyard, which has an abundance of new orders, from bankruptcy. The government also announced the sale of a majority stake in the prospering Rafako boiler factory to a company formed of employees and management. The state budget will earn at least 100 billion zloty ($6.5 million) from the transaction. -Louisa Vinton POLISH POLICE EJECT SOLIDARITY UNIONISTS. Police expelled a Solidarity protest committee from a government building in Czestochowa on the night of 12-January, PAP reports. Unionists complained that force was used, but the government's press office said 67 protesters left when ordered to by police; three others were carried out. Solidarity's Czestochowa region has demanded an extension of unemployment benefits and the ouster of the government's regional representative. Negotiations conducted on 13 January at the labor ministry yielded a government pledge to consider the union's grievances. Officials ruled out concessions on unemployment benefits as too costly, however. -Louisa Vinton 4,124 RUSSIAN SOLDIERS IN POLAND. As of 1-January 4,124 Russian soldiers were still stationed in Poland, PAP reports, but all combat equipment has been removed. Polish officials reported on 13 January that the Russian troop withdrawal has proceeded withou t incident, but that the Russian side has resisted fulfilling obligations agreed upon in the withdrawal treaty. Such conflicts were settled through "diplomatic channels," officials report. Russia has nonetheless failed to pay current rental fees of over 1 02 billion zloty ($6.6 million). All Russian forces are to leave Poland by the end of 1993. PAP also reports the arrest of an Opole resident for the illegal resale of thousands of tons of gasoline purchased from Russian bases over the past two years. -Lo uisa Vinton ESTONIAN-RUSSIAN TALKS CONTINUE. The latest round of negotiations between Estonia and Russia are focused on troop withdrawal issues, BNS reports. The three-day session, which began on 13 January outside Moscow, will also cover economic and humanitarian is sues. -Riina Kionka RESPONSIBILITY FOR 1991 VILNIUS DEATHS. On 12 January Prosecutor Juozas Gaudutis said over Radio Lithuania that the investigation of the events of 13-January 1991, when the Soviet military attacked an unarmed crowd at the Vilnius TV tower, is nearly compl eted. Information obtained from the KGB and other Soviet sources suggest that Soviet KGB head Vladimir Kryuchkov, Deputy Interior Minister Nikolai Demidov, Deputy Defense Minister Vladislav Achalov and leaders of other military units arrived in Vilnius on 8 January and oversaw the operation. Arrest warrants have been issued against Lithuanian Communist Party First Secretary Mykolas Burokevicius and LCP secretary Algimantas Naudziunas, who are now residing in Russia. -Saulius Girnius DISCUSSIONS OF PARFENOV'S FATE. On 13 January in Riga Russian Deputy Procurator-General Evgenii Lisov and members of his staff discussed with their Latvian counterparts the fate of Sergei Parfenov, recently sentenced to two years of corrective labor for a buse of power while serving as OMON deputy commander in Riga. Parfenov had been extradited from Russia to stand trial in Riga-a move protested by his sympathizers in Russia, BNS reported on 13 January. -Dzintra Bungs LANDSBERGIS APPOINTED CE REPRESENTATIVE. On 12 January the Seimas appointed former Supreme Council chairman Vytautas Landsbergis as the fourth representative of Lithuania for 1993 to the Council of Europe, BNS reports. On 5 January the Seimas appointed Al girdas Gricius of the Lithuanian Democratic Labor Party (LDLP), Aloyzas Sakalas of the Social Democratic Party, and Zbigniew Semenowicz of the Union of Poles. -Saulius Girnius LATVIAN INDUSTRY MINISTER RETAINS HIS POSITION. After stormy debates at the Latvian Supreme Council on 13 January, Minister of Industry and Energy Aivars Millers managed to retain his position. Recently Millers had been severely criticized for illegal or questionable economic activities of his ministry. Criticism included questions about the manufacture and sale abroad of amphetamines by the Latvbiofarm plant. In December three top Latvbiofarm officials were detained in Germany for drug trafficking. -Dzi ntra Bungs LITHUANIAN INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION IN 1992. The Lithuanian Statistics Department announced that the volume of industrial production in Lithuania in 1992 decreased 51.6% from the level of the previous year, Baltfax reported on 13 January. The greatest declin es were in the fuel industry (70%); woodworking, pulp, and paper (52%); construction materials (52%); machine building (48%); food (39%); and light industry (34%). Prices for these products increased 16 times in 1992. Some 61% of the products went to the domestic market, with exports to the former USSR republics comprising 28% of total sales (against 35% in 1991) and 11% to countries for hard currency (4% in 1991). -Saulius Girnius FIRE AT CHERNOBYL. A fire broke out at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant near Kiev, Reuters reported on 13-January. The blaze, located in a building between the plant's first and second reactors, was put out after an hour and did not cause any injuries or increase in radiation. Two reactors at the plant are still in operation. -Bohdan Nahaylo MOLDOVAN-"DNIESTER" TALKS. Moldovan President Mircea Snegur disclosed to Molodezh Moldovy of 7 January that he recently met in Bendery with "Dniester" Russian leader Igor Smirnov to start a dialogue on a political status for the left bank of the Dniester within Moldova. Shortly afterward Chisinau offered to grant the area "self-governing territory" status as well as that of a free economic zone, with obligations to observe human and ethnic rights under international norms. The "Dniester republic Supreme S oviet" rejected the offer, insisting on recognition of the "Dniester republic" with its own government and army in a confederation of Moldovan, Dniester, and Gagauz republics, Moldovan and Russian media report. Representatives of both sides met again in B endery on the 13th but succeeded only in agreeing to meet again, Interfax reports. -Vladimir Socor DRUC DENOUNCES "GREATER MOLDOVA" IDEA. In an interview with Romanian Radio, cited by Rompres on 11 January, Mircea Druc, chairman of the rump Moldovan Popular Front and former prime minister of Moldova, accused some Moldovan intellectuals and politicians (singling out literary patriarch, Ion Druta) of aspiring to form a "Greater Moldova" at the expense of Romania by uniting the Republic of Moldova with Romania's northeastern province of Moldova. Together the two areas form roughly the historic Moldovan pr incipality. The idea of "Greater Moldova" has in fact occasionally and informally surfaced in the Republic of Moldova both during and since Soviet rule. Druc, a leader of the movement for Moldovan-Romanian reunification, last year moved his base of operati ons to Romania and with his warning may be seeking to add to Romania's growing misgivings about Moldovan independent statehood. -Vladimir Socor [As of 1200 CET] Compiled by Hal Kosiba & Charles TrumbullTHE RFE/RL DAILY REPORT IS PRODUCED BY THE RFE/RL RESEARCH INSTITUTE (A DIVISION OF RADIO FREE EUROPE/RADIO LIBERTY, INC.) with the assistance of the RFE/RL News and Current Affairs Division (NCA). The report is available by electronic mail via LISTSERV ( RFERL-L@UBVM.CC.BUFFALO.EDU), on the Sovset' computer bulletin board, by fax, and by postal mail. 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