|Standing, as I do, in the view of God and eternity, I realize that patriotism is not enough. I must have no hatred or bitterness toward anyone. - Edith Cavell 1865-1915 (Spoken to the chaplain who attended her before her execution by firing squad, 12 Oct. 1915.)|
No. 5, 11 January 1993
RUSSIA RUSSIA SUPPORTS UN ON IRAQ, BUT WILL NOT FIGHT. Russian Foreign Minister Andrei Kozyrev said on 9 January that Moscow intends to respect fully the United Nations' strategy towards Iraq. Kozyrev also warned that Baghdad might face trouble if it thought UN Security Council resolutions could be ignored. Russia was included among the group of UN Security Council permanent members which demanded that Baghdad withdraw its surface-to-air missiles from positions north of the 32nd parallel. The Russian Foreign Ministry said that Russia will play no role in any military operations against Iraq, Interfax reported on 9 January. Suzanne Crow CIS NUCLEAR POWERS TO MEET; UKRAINE REJECTS PLAN. The press center of the CIS military command told Interfax on 10 January that the Committee for Nuclear Policies will meet on 21 January, on the eve of the CIS Minsk summit. The committee reportedly consists of the defense ministers of Russia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine, and Belarus. According to the press center, CIS Commander-in-Chief Evgenii Shaposhnikov hopes to formalize the status of nuclear weapons in the four CIS states at the meeting. He reportedly expressed particular concern over the status of nuclear weapons in Ukraine. (The report stated that Shaposhnikov's presence at the meeting is uncertain; he was said to be in a hospital undergoing a medical examination). On 9 -January, according to a Radio Ukraine report, the Ukrainian Defense Ministry said it had rejected what was described as a draft plan on strategic weapons submitted by Moscow. Stephen Foye RUSSIANS SAY UKRAINE CONTINUES UNILATERAL FLEET TAKEOVER. A spokesman for the Black Sea Fleet told ITAR-TASS on 10 January that Ukraine was trying to unilaterally take over the fleet without waiting for the political solution called for by last year's Yalta agreement. According to the press center, the commander of the Ukrainian Navy, Rear Admiral Boris Kozhin, told the commander of a river patrol brigade at Izmail, a Danube port 80 kilometers from the Black Sea, that the Yalta agreement was detrimental to Ukraine and his task was to transfer the disputed units to Ukrainian jurisdiction. The press center spokesman also charged that Ukrainian navy officers on 10 January declared that a medical clinic of the fleet had been transferred to the Ukrainian Defense Ministry. Doug Clarke PROSPECTS FOR RUSSIAN AGRICULTURE. Russian Agricultural Minister Viktor Khlystun was cautiously optimistic in an interview with Moscow Radio-1 on 5 January. The provisional outturn for the 1992 grain harvest was 114 million tons after excess moisture and dockage had been subtracted. He estimated that livestock production was down 25% last year, with losses in the state sector only partially offset by gains in the private sector, but the culling of livestock had now virtually ceased. Khlystun reckoned that large farm enterprises would continue to provide the bulk of farm output through the end of the century, but that these would all be joint-stock or cooperative undertakings. Keith Bush FURTHER RUSSIAN DEFAULT ON US AGRICULTURAL LOANS. The United States Department of Agriculture announced on 8 January that Russia had missed the scheduled repayment of a further $20.1 million, Western agencies reported. This brought the total default on loans guaranteed by the US government to $147.2 million. Interfax on 22 and 25 December had carried assurances by authoritative Russian spokesmen that repayment of overdue loans would be made "within days." The Christian Science Monitor of 8 January reported a new congressional appraisal that was highly critical of the US loan guarantee program. Keith Bush CHANGES IN THE RUSSIAN GOVERNMENT. Russian President Boris Yeltsin has released Aleksei Golovkov-a close associate of former State Secretary Gennadii Burbulis and Acting Prime Minister Egor Gaidar-from the post of head of the government apparatus, according to ITAR-TASS on 10 January. At the suggestion of Prime Minister Viktor Chernomyrdin, Golovkov was replaced by Vladimir Kvasov. Yeltsin also appointed Igor Shurchkov to be chairman of the State Committee for Industrial Policy, and Magomedtagir Abdulbasirov to be head of the State Committee for Food and Processing Industry. RIA reported on 9 December that the present head of the Tyumen administration, Yurii Shafrannik, is supposed to become Deputy Prime Minister for the energy complex. Alexander Rahr CHERNOMYRDIN'S NON-STATEMENT. Opening a meeting in Omsk with his Kazakh counterpart on 9-January, Chernomyrdin delivered a non-forecast for 1993, according to ITAR-TASS. The relevant sentence contained three qualifiers. "The new year should become, in our opinion, a year of economic stabilization, which would lay foundations for growth in output and an improvement in living standards." Keith Bush MANY MOSCOW KIOSKS TO BE CLOSED. Possibly reflecting Prime Minister Viktor Chernomyrdin's evident distaste for the "bazaar," Moscow City Council plans to close many of the city's kiosks, according to Moscow News, as cited by AFP on 9 January. One third of the city's more than 6,700 kiosks have been declared illegal, and 500 will be closed during the initial phase of the crackdown. Moscow's director for administration and technical services is quoted as saying that the city is not opposed to private enterprise but wants the capital to present a more "appropriate face." He said that Moscow now resembles a "huge bazaar." Keith Bush KOZYREV TO THE KOLA PENINSULA. Interfax reported on 9 January that Russian Foreign Minister Andrei Kozyrev had left Moscow for a visit to the cities of Murmansk and Severomorsk. While there he was scheduled to brief military personnel at Russia's strategic naval bases on the significance of the START-2 treaty. He also planned to visit a defense plant in Murmansk and several naval vessels of the Northern Fleet at its main base in Severomorsk. The Foreign Ministry's Yurii Fokin said that the trip was meant to signal the end of the Cold War in northern Europe and that Kozyrev was also scheduled to visit Norway on 10 and 11 January and Finland on 12 January. In Norway Kozyrev will meet with commanders of a NATO naval airbase and attend a conference of foreign ministers devoted to discussion of cooperation in the region. The conference is expected to produce a declaration of cooperation and the creation of a regional council. -Stephen Foye TRANSCAUCASIA & CENTRAL ASIA DEFENSE MINISTRY MADE "UNPRECEDENTED" DISCLOSURES IN 1992." Interfax on 10 January carried a report from the Russian Ministry of Defense saying that more than 500 defense-related documents had been declassified in 1992. The report described these disclosures as "unprecedented" and said that as much information had been revealed last year as in the previous few decades. The public now has access to such things as a once-secret book on the Soviet Union's first atomic bomb test, material on the shipment of Soviet missiles to Cuba, and on Swedish diplomat Raul Wallenburg. The press report promised further disclosures in 1993, including information on Soviet involvement in the Korean War, and the deportation of Finns and Germans from the Leningrad region early in World War II. Doug Clarke NAGORNO-KARABAKH ROUNDUP. Meeting in Moscow on 10 January, Armenian President Levon Ter-Petrossyan and Russian President Boris Yeltsin discussed ways of circumventing the current Azerbaijani economic blockade in order to ensure deliveries of Russian oil and gas to Armenia. While Yeltsin affirmed Russia's readiness to continue mediating the conflict over Nagorno-Karabakh, Armenian presidential press spokesman Ruben Shugaryan told Interfax that the CSCE initiative on Karabakh has reached deadlock because of Azerbaijan's intransigence. In a separate interview with Interfax, Azerbaijani Foreign Minister Tofik Guseinov stated that Azerbaijan requires security guarantees before embarking on negotiations with Armenia. He proposed that the US, Russia and Turkey act as guarantors and agree to impose economic sanctions should an eventual agreement be violated. -Liz Fuller BORDER OBLASTS OF KAZAKHSTAN AND RUSSIA TO COOPERATE. A conference of heads of administration of oblasts in Russia and Kazakhstan adjoining the common border of the two countries has resulted in an agreement on cooperation in a wide range of fields, Interfax and ITAR-TASS reported on 9 January. The conference, held in Omsk on 8 and 9 January, discussed the highly sensitive issue of the demarcation of the border between Russia's Orenburg Oblast and Kazakhstan. The conference was attended by the prime ministers of both countries, who used the occasion to sign agreements on relations between Russia's Central Bank and its equivalent in Kazakhstan and to call for the removal of trade barriers. Bess Brown KAZAKHSTAN'S CONSTITUTIONAL COURT INVESTIGATES 1986 EVENTS. The Kazakh nationalist Azat and Jeltoqsan Parties have filed suit in Kazakhstan's Constitutional Court for rehabilitation of persons who were imprisoned or dismissed from educational institutions for having participated in the demonstrations in Alma-Ata in December 1986, when young people protested the selection of a Russian from outside the republic to head Kazakhstan's Communist Party organization. Interfax reported on 9 January that the court has suspended its hearing of the case pending the questioning of more witnesses, the acquisition of a transcript from Moscow of a meeting of the Politburo, and the declassification of KGB documents in Alma-Ata. Bess Brown TRAVEL RESTRICTIONS IN OSH OBLAST. Restrictions have been placed on travel into Kyrgyzstan's Osh Oblast, Interfax reported on 9 January, in order to prevent weapons and drugs being brought into the region, which is still under a state of emergency imposed during violent clashes between Uzbek and Kyrgyz residents in 1990. According to the report, refugees from Tajikistan and Uzbekistan are making their way into Osh Oblast, aggravating the already-volatile situation in the region. In the summer of 1992, the head of the Osh Oblast administration was dismissed because his management style was deemed by the authorities in Bishkek to be exacerbating tensions in the region. Bess Brown TENTATIVE STEPS TOWARDS PRIVATIZATION OF UZBEK FARMS? PRESIDENT KARIMOV HAS SIGNED A DECREE ON THE PRIVATIZATION OF 700 UNPROFITABLE STATE FARMS, ACCORDING TO INTERFAX ON 10 JANUARY. The loss-making farms are to be turned into private farms, joint stock societies or cooperatives. The farms' capital assets will be handed over free to the new owners, but the latter will have to take on the farms' debts to the state, although the repayment period is to be extended to 20 years. The private farmers will be further limited by the fact that the share of agricultural produce going to state orders will remain high; the state order for cotton is currently 85% of total production and is to be reduced only to 80%. According to the Uzbek agriculture ministry, 12,537 small farms covering 96,000 hectares of land have already been established. It is planned to allocate a total of 200,000 out of the republic's 4.3 million hectares of arable land to small holdings. Sheila Marnie. US GRANTS GEORGIA $10 MILLION IN AID. The United States has granted Georgia medical and food aid to the value of $10 million, a Georgian parliament spokesman told AFP on 9 January following a meeting in Tbilisi between an advisor to US Secretary of State Lawrence Eagleburger and Georgian parliament chairman Eduard Shevardnadze. Liz Fuller CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE BOSNIAN GOVERNMENT OFFICIAL GUNNED DOWN. On 9 January, Bosnia's Deputy Prime Minister Hakija Turajlic was assassinated by a Serbian gunman according to Radio Serbia and international media. Turajlic was under UN forces protection when he was shot repeatedly at close range. Bosnian Interior Minister Jusuf Pusina told reporters in Sarajevo that his government will bring criminal charges against the UNPROFOR in connection with the assassination, but did not specify the charges other than saying these would be of negligence. On 10 January the UN commander in Bosnia, Gen. Philippe Morillon, admitted that his troops failed to provide adequate security for Turajlic. Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic formally apologized for the slaying and Gen. Morillon told reporters that the gunman was arrested by Serb forces. Bosnian Serb officials said the UN armored-vehicle carrying Turajlic was heading into a Croatian-controlled area for negotiations. The Serbs claim the UNPROFOR vehicle had not been announced beforehand and that Turajlic had insulted the gunman. -Milan Andrejevich BOSNIAN PEACE TALKS RESUME. The internationally-mediated peace talks on Bosnia-Herzegovina resumed 10 January with the Bosnian Serb delegation presenting their new eight-point plan. According to Radio Serbia and international media, the Serb plan in some ways resembles the UN-EC plan proposed last week, but the Serbs are refusing to give up their demand for the division of the republic into three ethnic states. The cochairmen of the Geneva peace conference, Cyrus Vance and Lord Owen, told reporters that the talks narrowed some areas of dispute and cleared up some other issues, but they said that there are still some substantive differences. Leaders of Serbia-Montenegro and Croatia are expected to arrive in Geneva on 11-January with formal talks resuming on the 12th. Bosnian President Alija Izetbegovic, who left Geneva to address an OIC meeting in Senegal, is expected to take part in the Geneva talks. -Milan Andrejevich HOXHA WIDOW PLEADS NOT GUILTY. The trial of Nexhmije Hoxha, widow of Albania's long-time communist strongman Enver Hoxha who died in 1985, commenced on 8 January. AFP reports that the 72-year-old Hoxha, along with codefendant Kino Buxheli, former head of government services, have been charged with misappropriating and misusing funds. Both denied the charges. It is the first trial of a senior official from the former communist regime. -Duncan Perry BULGARIAN ENERGY PROBLEMS. Ukraine has cut off all coal deliveries to Bulgaria, a Bulgarian energy official told Reuters on 8 January. Dyanko Dobrev, the chairman of the National Electric Company, said Ukraine informed Sofia it is stopping exports in order to cover domestic coal shortages. Unless Ukraine resumes deliveries within 10 days, Dobrev noted, Bulgaria may have to consider buying replacement fuel on the international market. In late December Russian energy exports were temporarily reduced due to a pipeline failure that caused a one-third reduction in natural gas deliveries. On 10 January, however, the situation in Bulgaria's energy sector appeared to improve somewhat through the restart of reactor no. 2 at the Kozloduy nuclear power plant. The unit was shut down last week after radioactive steam emitted from the main circulation pump. On 10 January Reuters also quoted Dobrev that cost considerations have forced Bulgaria to start planning for storage of the nuclear waste produced at Kozloduy. --Kjell Engelbrekt POLISH-IRANIAN TALKS IN WARSAW. Iranian Foreign Minister Ali Akbar Velayati ended a two-day visit to Poland on 8 January. Bilateral trade was the focus of his talks with President Lech Walesa, Prime Minister Hanna Suchocka, and Foreign Trade Minister Andrzej Arendarski. Iran supplies almost one-third of Poland's imported oil, and Velayati pledged to maintain oil deliveries at current levels. The trade turnover between the two countries amounts to more than $500 million, but Poland imports four times more than it exports to Iran. To improve this trade balance, the Polish side proposed the employment of Polish firms in rebuilding Iran's infrastructure. Talks on this issue are to be held "in the near future" in Teheran, PAP reported. -Louisa Vinton SOLIDARITY CANCELS GENERAL STRIKE IN LODZ. Solidarity unionists in the depressed Lodz region called off a threatened general strike on 10 January after successful talks with the government. The union had demanded the appointment of a government plenipotentiary for regional industrial restructuring, along with compensation for cost-of-living increases. Negotiators from the labor ministry rejected the creation of any new post, which they argued would lead to jurisdiction conflicts, but they did agree to buttress the powers of the current Lodz voivodship chief, the government's representative in the region. Deputy Labor Minister Michal Boni called the agreement a model for areas like Lodz where political infighting has impeded restructuring. Preparations for a general strike in Lodz began on 21 December. -Louisa Vinton NO IMMEDIATE PLANS TO DIVIDE COMMON CZECH-SLOVAK CURRENCY. Speaking to reporters on 8 January after the first meeting of the joint Czech-Slovak monetary committee in Brno, Josef Tosovsky, the governor of the Czech National Bank, said that the independent Czech and Slovak states will probably continue using common currency until summer or fall 1993. He said separate currencies will eventually be set up and confirmed that the Czech authorities have been putting special stamps on millions of banknotes to prepare for a possible monetary split. Tosovsky also said that the Czech side is not prepared for a monetary separation yet. Marian Tkac, the vice governor of the National Bank of Slovakia, said Slovakia wants to maintain common currency as long as possible. -Jiri Pehe VOUCHER PRIVATIZATION IN SLOVAKIA WILL CONTINUE. In an interview with CTK on 9 January, Slovak Privatization Minister Lubomir Dolgos said that Slovakia will not discontinue the so-called voucher privatization launched by the Czechoslovak government in 1992. Both Slovakia and the Czech Republic participated in the first wave of voucher privatization, during which more than 8.5 million Czechs and Slovaks first purchased investment vouchers and later traded them for shares in some 1,400 joint-stock companies. On 27 December 1992, Slovak Prime Minister Vladimir Meciar said that Slovakia, unlike the Czech Republic, will not launch the second wave of voucher privatization, which was to take place in 1993. However, Dolgos told CTK that he and Meciar recently decided to continue voucher privatization in Slovakia. -Jiri Pehe HDF POPULIST-NATIONAL WING MEETS. The populist-national wing, one of the three major wings of the Hungarian Democratic Forum (HDF), the largest governing party, held its second national meeting in Budapest on 9 January, MTI reports. Prime Minister Jozsef Antall, Minister of Culture Bertalan Andrasfalvy, and Minister of Interior Peter Boross spoke at the meeting. Antall emphasized that the values of the three wings (the other two are the national-liberal and the Christian-democratic) are equally important for the party and called for party unity at the HDF's upcoming congress. HDF presidium member and leader of the populist-national wing, Sandor Lezsak, told the meeting that the HDF will never become a right-wing party and will continue to represent the interests of the center and the right-of-center. Another HDF presidium member and leader of the wing, Istvan Csurka, urged "self-conscious Hungarians to take a resolute stance .-.-. to carry out a new and total change of regime." Csurka warned that "we will be swept away unless a resolute stance is taken." Csurka, who has been widely criticized for publishing a tract fraught with anti-Semitic remarks, told the meeting that he will not be a candidate for party chairman at the HDF's January national congress. -Edith Oltay HDF STEERING COMMITTEE DISCUSSES CONGRESS. The steering committee of the HDF met on 10 January to discuss preparations for the HDF's national congress scheduled to be held on 22,23,24 January, MTI reports. The HDF chairman and the 20member presidium will be elected by the congress delegates on the first day. Steering committee chairman Agoston Szekelyhidi said that the goal is to renew the HDF with a view to promoting internal democracy and "smoother operation." A steering committee report said that HDF leaders and the presidium are also responsible for the "deepening of internal conflicts" and for lack of coordination between the work of the HDF parliamentary group and the government. It also criticized the presidium for "misinterpreting the political mood and intentions of the rank and file" and for not consulting enough with the steering committee. Szekelyhidi said that Csurka's name is on the list of candidates proposed for the post of HDF chairman, and Csurka will have to declare in writing that he does not wish to be a candidate. -Edith Oltay ROMANIA'S DEMOCRATIC CONVENTION CRITICIZES GOVERNMENT. The centrist Democratic Convention, which groups the main opposition forces, launched a harsh attack on the cabinet of Nicolae Vacaroiu. The government is dominated by the leftist Democratic National Salvation Front (DNSF), the party which backed President Ion Iliescu in the September 1992 elections. In a statement broadcast by Radio Bucharest on 10 January, the DC said the cabinet lacks a serious ruling program for the short and the long run, and accused it of trying to pack the administration with its own political clients. It also charged the DNSF and Iliescu with deliberately trying to slow down reforms. In view of the current crisis, the DC suggests that the cabinet should implement the convention's own emergency program. -Dan Ionescu ROMANIA ENFORCES TRAVEL RESTRICTIONS. Stringent restrictions for travelers from all former Soviet republics except Moldova went into effect on 10-January. Future visitors from CIS countries and Georgia will need a notarized invitation from a Romanian guaranteeing room and board. In addition, visitors from these countries will need to prove at border points that they have the equivalent of $40 for each day they intend to stay in Romania. The restrictions are meant to stop a possible mass influx of visitors from the former USSR as a result of the elimination of exit visa requirements in all CIS states. -Dan Ionescu FRENCH FOREIGN MINISTER TO VISIT ROMANIA. Roland Dumas will visit Romania on 11 and 12 January. He is expected to meet President Ion Iliescu, Prime Minister Nicolae Vacaroiu, and Foreign Minister Teodor Melescanu. Romanian TV reports that discussions will likely focus on bilateral ties and the situation in former Yugoslavia. Iliescu made a one-day visit to France last November. -Dan Ionescu RUSSIAN MILITARY ACTIVITIES IN LATVIA IN 1992. The Latvian Defense Ministry has issued a survey of alleged illegal Russian military activities from 1 February to 31 December 1992, BNS reported on 8 January. The survey claims that 2630 soldiers were brought to Latvia in 54 troop transports; air regulations were violated 392 times, 350 railroad cars were used for unsanctioned shipment of military equipment, and 9 aviation training raids were made on the base at Zvarde. The survey does not claim to be complete, because it is not possible for the Latvian specialists to document all of the activities of the Russian military in Latvia. Since June, Russia has removed some 42,000 submachine guns, 3900 pistols, 55 tanks, large amounts of ammunition and other military equipment from Latvia. -Dzintra Bungs TWELVE-MILE TERRITORIAL LIMIT FOR ESTONIA? THE ESTONIAN GOVERNMENT ON 8 JANUARY APPROVED A DRAFT BILL SETTING TERRITORIAL WATERS AT 12 MILES, BNS REPORTS. The territorial limit has been the topic of bitter domestic debate for several weeks, with Pro Patria supporters unexpectedly supporting a 12-mile limit and the opposition favoring a 4-mile limit. Finland currently has a 4-mile limit in the Gulf of Finland. If both Estonia and Finland were to declare a 12-mile limit, the Russian port of St. Petersburg would effectively be closed. -Riina Kionka LEBED FAVORS MILITARY ACTION TO RESTORE ORDER. Interviewed in Rossiiskaya gazeta of 6 January, Lt. Gen. Aleksandr Lebed, commander of Russia's 14th Army in Moldova, denounced what he portrayed as governmental mismanagement, corruption, and "the merger of state and mafia structures" in both Russia and the "Dniester republic," and urged that compromised officials "resolutely be removed from their posts." He concluded, "it is precisely the army which must fight the mafia structures. Enough of pretending that the army is destined for external functions only. Once a decision has been made to use the troops, we have to abandon diplomatic somersaults and monkey-like grins in order to save the state from the unbridled rascals and adventurists, who ought to clearly know that there is an authority over them." -Vladimir Socor UKRAINIAN OFFICIAL REASSURED AFTER WASHINGTON VISIT. Deputy Foreign Minister Boris Tarasyuk, chairman of the national disarmament committee, said on Ukrainian TV on 9 January that his recent discussions in Washington concerning Ukraine's ratification of START-2 are reassuring and leave "no doubts in anyone's mind" that the question of security assurances for Ukraine in exchange for becoming nonnuclear will be resolved. Reuters on 8 January quoted American officials as saying that Tarasyuk, who met with President George Bush, was given a letter describing, in general terms, the sort of security assurances Ukraine could expect once the treaty is ratified and Ukraine adheres to the Non-Proliferation Treaty. These officials said Tarasyuk was seeking a formal, high-level declaration, but was told such a commitment is impossible. On 10 January Reuters quoted Aleksandr Tarasenko, a conservative senior member of the parliament's defense commission, as saying he has little confidence in Tarasyuk's assurances. -Doug Clarke & Bohdan Nahaylo UKRAINIAN OFFICIALS GIVE THEIR VERSION OF US TALKS. At a press conference in the Ukrainian Foreign Ministry on 10 January, Tarasyuk and other Ukrainian officials sought to set the record straight about last week's talks in Washington. They stated that Tarasyuk's visit was a "planned one" and not extraordinary, and that Kiev had not been "pressured." Tarasyuk also said that the Ukrainian side had not advanced any new conditions but had stuck to the position that Parliament approved in April 1992, namely that the question of nuclear disarmament be linked with guarantees for national security. Officials at the press conference and Ukrainian TV complained that the coverage of the visit was "distorted" by both the Western and Russian press. -Bohdan Nahaylo UKRAINIAN PRESIDENT BEGINS VISIT TO ISRAEL. On 11 January Leonid Kravchuk began a three-day visit to Israel aimed at fostering bilateral ties and cooperation, Ukrainian and Western agencies report. Kiev is seeking to pursue a balanced Middle East policy, and the visit comes less than three weeks after a similar visit by the Ukrainian president to Egypt. Kravchuk is under some pressure to raise the case of the Ukrainian-born John Demjanjuk, who was sentenced to death by an Israeli court in 1988 for allegedly being a former Nazi death camp guard but who claims that he is the victim of mistaken identity and is appealing the verdict. On 9-January Western agencies reported that several dozen demonstrators protested in defense of Demjanjuk outside the Israeli mission in Kiev. -Bohdan Nahaylo EC LOANS FOR ESTONIA, LATVIA. Western agencies report that on 8 January the European Community's Executive Commission signed loan agreements with Estonia and Latvia that are worth up to 120 million ecus (about $140 million). Latvia is scheduled to get 80 million ecus and Estonia,40 million. Half of the money will be released now and the remainder will be paid in the second quarter of this year. The loans are part of a financial assistance package totaling $300 million for the two countries. -Dzintra Bungs Compiled by Hal Kosiba and Charles TrumbullTHE RFE/RL DAILY REPORT IS PRODUCED BY THE RFE/RL RESEARCH INSTITUTE (A DIVISION OF RADIO FREE EUROPE/RADIO LIBERTY, INC.) with the assistance of the RFE/RL News and Current Affairs Division (NCA). The report is available by electronic mail via LISTSERV (RFERL-L@UBVM.CC.BUFFALO.EDU), on the Sovset' computer bulletin board, by fax, and by postal mail. For inquiries about specific news items, subscriptions, or additional copies, please contact: in USA: Mr. Jon Lodeesen or Mr. Brian Reed, RFE/RL, Inc., 1201 Connecticut Avenue NW, Washington, DC-20036 Telephone: (202) 457-6912 or -6900; fax: (202) 457-6992 or -202-828-8783; Internet: RIDC@RFERL.ORG or in Europe: Ms. Helga Hofer, Publications Department, RFE/RL Research Institute, Oettingenstrasse 67, 8000 Munich 22; Telephone: (+49 89) 2102-2631 or -2642; fax: (+49 89) 2102-2648, Internet: Pubs@RFERL.ORG 1992, RFE/RL, Inc. All rights reserved.
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