If we had to say what writing is, we would define it essentially as an act of courage. - Cynthia Ozick
Boris Leonidovich Pasternak (1890 - 1960)
The Russian Soviet poet and writer Boris Leonidovich Pasternak was born into the family of the famous artist L. O. Pasternak and pianist P.I. Kaufman in Moscow on February 10th, 1890. In 1913, his first compositions were published in the poetic compilation "Lyric". In 1914, Pasternak's first book "Twin in the Stormclouds," was published, and his second, "Beyond Barriers" was published in 1917. Pasternak later regarded this stage of his writing critically, never once reworking or reprinting any of his poems from that time.
Pasternak's third book "My Sister - Life," (1922) was really the first of his works to move him into the mainstream of Russian poetry. After that, "Themes and Variations" (1927), "Rebirth" (1932), and a series of poems entitled "When the Weather Clears" (1956 - 59) were published.
The historical-revolutionary poems "1905" (1925-26), "Lieutenant Schmidt" (1926 - 27), various short stories, and the novel "Doctor Zhivago" all brought fame to Pasternak. In fact, Pasternak was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1958 for "Doctor Zhivago," which was initially published outside of Russia in 1957. Unfortunately, Pasternak could not accept the award for his suppressed novel. "Doctor Zhivago" was not approved for publication in the USSR until 1988.