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Resources dealing with Romanian legal resources.
THE LEGISLATIVE POWER
THE PRESIDENT OF ROMANIA
THE POLITICAL PARTIES
By law, the number of deputies is 328, and of senators 143. Parliament works in two yearly ordinary sessions (February-June and September-December).
The Government has law initiative, just like the deputies, the senators and a minimum number of 250,000 people having the right to vote in at least one quarter of the country's counties.
The laws passed by Parliament are forwarded to the President of Romania for promulgation. The President may ask the Constitutional Court to verify their constitutionality. The decision of the Constitutional Court is mandatory for the President, but not for Parliament which, after having re-examined the bill, may retain it in its original form with a majority of two thirds of the number of members in each chamber.
The Legislative Council is a specialized consultative body of Parliament that keeps the official records of the Romanian laws.
As long as he exercises his mandate, the President of Romania cannot be a member of any political party and cannot occupy another public or private office.
The President of Romania nominates a candidate for the post of prime minister and appoints the Government on the basis of the confidence vote granted by Parliament. The President of Romania is the commander of the armed forces, and chairs the country's Supreme Defence Council.
The Government shall adopt (under an empowering law) decisions and ordinances for the exercise of laws in the conditions established by Parliament. The Government is politically responsible for its entire activity only before Parliament.
A few excerpts from the Constitution of Romania
Art. 1 The defining traits of the Romanian state:
1. Romania is a sovereign, independent, unitary and indivisible nation state.
2. The form of government is the republic.
Art. 6 The Right to Identity
1. The state acknowledges and guarantees to the persons that belong to the ethnic minorities the right to preserve, develop and express their ethnic, cultural, linguistic and religious identities.
2. The measures of protection taken by the state in order to preserve, develop, and express the identity of the persons belonging to the ethnic minorities should be in conformity with the principles of equality and nondiscrimination in relation to the other Romanian citizens.
Art. 12 National Symbols
1. The flag of Romania is a tricolour with vertical bands in
the following sequence, from the staff: blue, yellow, red.
2. The National Day of Romania is the first of December.
3. The national anthem of Romania is "Awaken Thee, Romanian".
Art.13 Official Language
In Romania, the official language is the Romanian language.
Art. 20 Rights
l. The constitutional provisions bearing on the citizens, rights and freedoms shall be interpreted and applied in accordance with the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the pacts and the other treaties Romania is a part to.
2. In case the pacts and treaties referring to the fundamental human rights - to which Romania agreed upon - differ, the international regulations take precedence.
Art. 32 The Right to Education
2. All levels of education are in Romanjan (...)
3. The right of the persons belonging to the ethnic minorities to learn in their mother tongue and the fight to receive instruction in their languages are guaranteed; the modalities for the exercise of these rights are established by the law.
4. State education is free of charge under the law.
7. The State assures freedom of religious education, according to the specific requirements of each denomination (...)
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