Economics & Business
The following points to resources dealing with the geography of Romania.
- Virtual Tour of Romania, Friends and Partners
- A "virtual tour" of the country of Romania - by county.
Position: in the geographic centre of the European continent.
Coordinates: 43Á 37'07" and 48Á 15'06" North latitude, 20Á 15'44" and
29Á 41'24" East longitude.
Boundaries: in the east, the Republic of Moldova, Ukraine, the Black
Sea; in the south, Bulgaria; in the south and southwest Yugoslavia, in the
west, Hungary; in the north Ukraine. Border length: 3190.3 km.
Area: 238,391 sq km (12th position in Europe).
Physical features: mountains (31%), hills and plateaus (33%), plains
Mountains: The Romanian Carpathians: Eastern Carpathians (between the
northern boundary and the Prahova Valley), maximum altitude in the Rodna
Mts-Pietrosu Peak (2,303 m); the Southern Carpathians (between the Prahova
Valley and the Timis-Cerna-BistraStrei corridors), maximum altitude in the
Fagaras Mts-Moldoveanu Peak (2,543 m); Western Carpathians (between the
southern Danube Valley and the Somes Valley, in the north), max. altitude in
the Apuseni Mts-Curcubata Mare Peak (1,849 m).
Hills and plateaus: Within the Carpathian arch, the Transylvanian
plateau (400-700 m of altitude). In the NW, the Somes Plateau. In the E the
Moldavian Plateau, and in the SE, the Dobrujan Plateau.
Plains: The most important, the Plain of the Lower Danube (the
Romanian Plain), the country's breadbasket.
The Danube Delta: Situated in the N of the Dobrujan Plateau, the
youngest physical feature in Romania. On Romanian territory it stretches on
4,340 sq km, of which 78% submerged. It has three arms, flowing into the
Danube: Chilia, Sulina and Sf. Gheorghe.
The Danube River: In the S of the country, length 1,075 km (out of the
total 2,850 km from its source to its flowing into the sea).
Other rivers: Mures (768 km), Olt (736 km), Prut (716 km), Siret (596
km), Ialomita (410 km), Somes (388 km) Arges (344 kin), Jiu (331 km), Buzau
(324 km), Bistrita (290 km) etc.
Lakes: Approx. 2,300 lakes and over 1,150 ponds (2,620 sq km). The
best known are Razelm (415 sq km), Sinoe (171 sq km), Brates (21 sq km),
Tasaul (20 sq km), Techirghiol (12 sq km), and Snagov (58 sq km).
Number: 22,788,993 inhabitants (January 7th, 1992).
Density: 95.7 inhabitants per sq km. (Romanians, outside the
boundaries, approx. 9 million. In Europe, in the Republic of Moldova,
approx. 4 million, in Hungary, Serbia, Greece, Albania, approx. 2 mil. In the
United States of America and Canada, over 2 mil. Others in South America,
South Africa, and Australia).
Distribution by age groups:
0-14 years - 22.7%, 15-18 years - 7.4%, 20-34 years- 22.3%, 35-54
years - 25.3%, 55-64 years - 11.4%, 70-79 years 6.4%, over 80 years
-- Men/Women: 49.1%/50.9%
-- Rural/Urban: 54.3%/45.7%
Statistic data on Romania's population
(the census from 1992):
Total population: 22,760,449 from which romanians 20, 352,980, (including
macedonian romanians 21,089 and macedoromans 6,999), magyars 1,620, 199
(including szeklers 831), gipsies 409,723, germans 119,436 (including saxons
of Transylvania 1,843 and swabians 6,292), ukrainians 66,833 (including
carpatho-russians 350), lippovan russians 38,688, turks 29,533, serbians
29,080, tatars 24,649, slovakians 20,672, bulgarians 9,935, jews 9,107,
croats 4,180, czechs 5,800, poles 4,247, greeks 3,897, armenians 2,023, other
nationalities 8,420 (carassovenians 2,775 and csangoes 2,165), undeclared
ethnical origin 1,047.
Life expectancy: men 66.5 years, women 73.2 years.
Home ° FAQ ° Comments ° Guestbook
©1997 Friends and Partners Romania is brought to you by
Friends and Partners Romania Group
Your comments and suggestions are warmly welcomed !
Please also visit Friends and Partners Russia andFriends and Partners China. Special thanks toMr. Ioan Ivanici who made possible the publishing of Romania: Tourism96 as a part of Friends and Partners.
write to us
with your comments and suggestions.