F&P Sibiu County

Sibiu County


The Sibiu County

Mountains covered by coniferous and dedidous forests, hills covered by pastures, hay fields and orchards, plains, rivers, lakes with fresh and salt waters - all these are gifts given by nature to this county situated in the Southern part of Transylvania. This variety of relief, and temperate climate make possible to be snow in the mountain localities 5-6 monthes per year, and turned, this county into a place of a special tourist attraction for both Romanian and foreign tourists. Of a special interest is the Fagaras zone with its part of the Fagaras massif, ice lakes, a steppe relief with picturesque landscape to Tara Lovistei. In the Olt narrow path there are the ruines of the Broken Tower with walls and custom houses of the former border between Wallachia and Transylvania.

At about 30 km far from Sibiu, at 1450 m above sea level, there is Paltinis resort. The coniferous forests, ozonated air are good to cure diseases of the nervous and breathing system. In winter it is a proper place for winter sports, having ski tracks with cable ski and cable cars. In the Sibiu county there are also other spas as Ocna Sibiului, Bazna and Miercurea Sibiului.

A very special zone is Marginimea Sibiului with its 18 localities at the foot of the Cibin Mountains covering a surface of 1,200 sq.km. The inhabitants are known shephards who preserved the traditional customs, folk costumes and original Romanian architecture.

In Sibiu, the capital city of this county, there are a lot of points of tourist interest and museums. This town is documentary certified in 1192-1196 under the name of Cibinium, Villa Hermani, in the XII-XIIIth century and Hermanstadt in 1366. Sibiu was one of the towns of Luther's reform: here great humanist Nicolae Olahus lived for a long time. Also here in the XVIth century Conrad Haas created the first three-staged rocket based on the principles of reaction.

Among the monuments of this town there are: Tower of stairs built in the XIII-th century, Butchers' Market, Tower of the Old Townhall, Transylvanian Saxon University, Arquebusiers' Tower, Franciscan Church, Carpenters' Tower, Potters' Tower, Tower of Gun Powder, Leather Merchants' Tower, Bruckenthal Museum with art collection of Baron Samuel Brukenthal, an advisor of Queen Maria Teresa and governor of Transylvania (1777-1787).

Near by Sibiu, there is the village of Biertan where the inscription "Ego Zenovius votum poseni" (I, Zenovius, kept my word) from the IV-th century was discovered. This inscription shows that here there were a Christian community and an impressive church-fortress with four towers among the main important hall-churches in Transylvania.

Other points of tourist interest are: the town of Cisnadie and pelimbar where in 1599 the battle between Voivode Mihai Viteazu and Andrei Bathory was; Hartibaciu Zone crossed by the river with the same name is the land surrounded by the Visa, Tarnava Mare and Olt Rivers, with a wonderful hilly landscape; Tarnavele Zone with hills, dedidous forest and vineyards. The archaeological researches discovered here a lot of historic vestiges: Roman settlement from Slimnic, silver and bronze currency hoard from Atel, etc.

The agro-tourism has to be mention. The accomodation facilities are in hotels, inns, chalets, rest homes, pupils camps.

In this county, 397,176 Romanians, 19,290 Magyars, 16,461 Germans, 660 Transylvanian Saxons and Swabians, and 19,316 of other nationalities live.

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Updated: 1997-06- Please write to us with your comments and suggestions.