The capital city is the municipality of Buzau.The geographical configuration, the variety of the land, and the multitude of rivers created good conditions for peoples' settling and continuity in this region since the oldest times.
The natural landscape varied especially in mountain and hilly zones as well as historic, ethnographic and folk elements offer special attractions for tourists.
The Buzau and Vrancea Mountains situated in the Northern part of this county with their century-old forests and large pastures, with their rich fauna are points of interest for tourists to take a rest here as well as for hunters and fishers.
The Buzau Mountains consist in five massives - the Penteleu being the greatest and highest (1771 m above sea level). The Siriu (1659 m above sea level) is easier to be climbed and more attractive thanks to its picturesque landscape with slowly summits and alpine clearings. From its top the nature offers a wonderful view. Here there is the Eagles Lake (Lacul Vulturilor) named also the Bottomless Lake dating from the Periglacial and being an impressive phenomena on the high altitude.
In the hilly zone known under the name of the Buzau Sub-Carpathians, with altitudes between 400 and 800 m above sea level, the vineyards are all over. The Dealul Mare Vineyard is the most known.
In this zone there is also an unique phenomenon: the Muddy Volcanos on the Dealurile Paclelor. On the Slanic Valley, near by Lopatar, there is other impressive phenomenon at 700 m above sea level: the so-called "alive fire". In fact there are blue flames which burn in the deep cracks of soil.
In the Buzau county the lakes are an interesting point of tourist attraction: Joseni, Policiori Lakes. situated on the Grabicina Valley; the Melediu Lake at Odaile; the Amara and Balta Alba lakes known for their therapeutical mud.
To cure the tourists are able to spend their holidays is spas like Sarata-Monteoru (mineral waters for rheumatism) and the Fisici and Siriu Spas.
The main cultural, historic and architectural monuments are as follows: Roman camp and thermae in the village of Pietroasele; rupestral places at Alunis-Colti and Fisici- Bozioru; the Darmition of the Holy Virgin Centre in Brancoveanu's style in the town of Ramnicu Sarat; "Vasile Voiculescu" Library in Buzau, founded in l893; the Museum of Amber in Colti; Magura open-air sculpture camp with its 256 stone sculptures made by sculptors in its 16 editions.
Also there are other important places: the Communal Palace built in 1899-1903 and being the Townhall of Buzau now: the Episcopal Cathedral built in 1649; the Theological Seminary built in 1838, the Law Court built in 1911 - 1912; the Museum of the Buzau county; the Dumbrava Graveyard in Buzau where there arc two of Brancusi`s sculptures (Prayer and Petre Stanescu's bust).
An important page of history in this county is the Hatching hen and its chickens golden Treasure discovered in 1837 by two stone hewers in Dealul Istrita.